~A aetPaper to Seid to iIni0_1i ntic t..
.EASTERN FRIENDS. W jINDP~DPR N. 0
VOL. XXXii.-NO 116. HELENA. MONTANA. FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 29, 1891. PRICE PIV
IIIII ~IP~KLY ND~P~Mw-~
The Basis of Wealth.
About Too years ago John
Jacob Astor laid the foundation
of the fortune which to-day ex
ceeds that of any other in the
United States. e-le realized that
the little city on Manhattan Island
would one day, be a great place,
and all the surplus money he be
came possessed of was put into
real property. This policy the
Astor family has pursued down
to the present time, and it is esti
mated that the income of the
family every day 'in. the year from
its real estate investments is
$z,ooo. The Astors, while pur
chasing inside property whenever
it i3 desirable, do not by any
means confine themselves to that
class of investment. Only a year
ago a purchase of property, a
long distance from the' city prop
er, was made for something like
$2,000,000. Some improvements
have since been undertaken, and
it is estimated that to-day it is
Did the original John Jacob
Astor live to-.O and visit Hel
ena, he would .undoubtedly take
the opportunity now offered to
make investments in real estate
in the Capital City. Bargains in
real property can be had just now
which in a month, when the build
ing boom fairly starts, will be
out of the question. We have
now on our books a larger list ol
property for sale than any other
firm of real estate dealers in Hel
ena, and there are in the list a
great number of bargains-prop
erties, which, if purchased now,
will as surely increase in value a,
the city is to grow, and tothe Hel.
ena Astor there are investments
which will pay a handsome in
Hundreds of men in Helenm
are to-day paying rent who, by a
little exertion and forethought.
could own a house of their own,
pleasantly and conveniently . lo
cated. It is not too late, how
ever, to make a start in this di.
tion, and just now we are pre
pared to offer a number of de
cided bargains In this line. To
the man of moderate means we
say come anid see us, and if yot
have any snap or vim in your
make-up, inside of sixty days you
will be paying for a house of your
own, instead of adding to the in
come of the Astors. Men of
larger means, who desire a fin
ished house, and do not care tc
have the bother of building, will
find on our lists some very de
sirable and elegant residences,
modernly built, ready for occu
pancy, and which will be sold on
There comes a time in the
career of almost every person,
when, owing to some unlorseen
circumstance, sickness or death,
the chance to make a good in
vestment, or the desire to im
prove his or her home, it is nec
essary to become a borrower.
Under such circumstances it is
not necessary for the man or
woman who owns real estate to
pay exorbitant rates of interest.
We are the Helena agents of the
Jarvis-Conklin Mortgage Trust
Co., which has a capital of a mil
lion and a half dollars, and are
always ready to accommodate
those who need financial assist
ance. We have loaned money
on Helena real estate all during
the winter, and will continue to
do it, at the lowest rate of inter
est. ]orrowers are given every
advantage consistent with sound
Conveniently located on the
round floor of the Bailey block,
with commodious ofllices, a cor
ial invitation is extended to vis
tors to call and look ove- our
ists. All the information in our
osession in regard to the city
nd state is at the disposal of
hose unacquainted with Helena
mid her re,'ources. A like cor
lial invitation is extended to those
-esidents of the city who desire
o invest for speculation, to build
tomes, or obtain loans on real a
HE HAD DONE HIS DUTY.
And Death Came Immediately Upon
His Announcement to
Tragio End of the Life of Judge
Breokenridge, of St.
Stricken Down While Addressing the Pres
byterlen Assembly-Proceedllngs of
Various Religious Bodies.
UIETaOIT, May 28.--Judge Breckenridge,
of St. Louis, of the committee on theologi
cal seminaries, while in the midst of a
speech this afternoon, fell dead with heart
disease. He was speaking in opposition to
the motion for a committee, which involved
a delay of a year. Judge Breckenridge
stated the legal points in the case. "If we
don't veto," he said, "we never can.
Logan's amendment for deferring action is
impracticable. We can do nothing wisely
except disapprove. Without assigning
other reasons, it does seem to me
that the mind of the church has been anx
ious for some months and we should
relieve it." Breckenridge's last words were:
"Now, gentlemen, I feel that I have dis
charged my duty and wish to be excused
from further speaking." Reaching for a
glass of water he suddenly threw up his
hands and fell to the floor, striking heavily
on his head. He was hastily carried to an
ante-room and physicians summoned. They
found him dead. When this announce
ment was made the assembly at once voted
to adjourn for the day and instead of the
banquet assigned for to-night, a prayer
meeting was announced. A committee was
appointed to make suitable arrangements
for the transfer of the body to the last rest
ing place, and brief speeches were deliv
ered by several delegates. Mr. Brecken
ridge was a son of Rev. Dr. J. W. Brecken
ridge, who was a brother of the widely
known Williamnand Robert Breckenridge.
His mother was a daughter of Prof. Sam
uel Miller, of Princeton. Gen. Alger, of
Michigan, offered a special train to convey
the remaine and committee to St. Louis.
Mony delegates in conversation after ad
journment recalled the similar sudden
death of ex-Gov. Washburne at the meeting
of the American board at Springfield, Muse.,
which so greatly softened the heated dis
cussion then going on over dootninal mat
DR. BRIGGS' CASE.
Diseussed at Length by the Assembly-The
Drift Against Him.
DITROIT, May 28.-After the usual pre
liminaries at the Presbyterian general as
sembly this morning, Dr. Patton spoke a
few words explaining the committee on the
Briggs case. He said: "You are no doubt
ready to credit the old committee with a
desire to do what is best. Recognizing our
liability; to error we have had only the
desire to do what is demanded by the
exigencies of the case in a spirit of kind
ness, and recognizing the rights of all per
sons concerned. If the discussion brings
new light we will welcome it. We are
roeedy to give a reason for every decision we
have made. We hope there will be Co lon,
debate, although we are prepared for it.'
Prof. Smith, of Lane seminary, said: "I
have watched the controversy from the
first, because I have been more interested
than most. The almost omnipo
tense of the religious press goes
into all of our homes. Their
editors magnify their influence. It is held
to be nearly infallible. I desire to say
nothing against these editors, but even
religious editors cannot be specialists in
all departments, and are liable to err. It
may be they have misunderstood Dr.
Briggs. The charge that he is unsound may
bu based ,uson a misunderstanding. Some
say he endorses the spiritual condition of
Martitean. If Dr. Briggs can historically
justify his position he has a right to hold
it. A man must be proved unsound after
careful trial, it needs be, in all church
courts. But in a case like this a man is
if charged with unsoundness, considered
unsound from the first. 1 don't see that
his ideas of the errancy of the Bible, the
redemption of the race, and progressive
sanctification after death, are not accord
ing to standards. On a strict construction
of the confession of course he is wrong,
but will you who mean to make such a rad
ical change in our confession as to say that
all infants are saved, not leave a little mar
gin for Dr. Briggs?"
Dr. Lcgan, of Scranton, Pa., said the
church asks, "Shall we not have a word of
God that we can trust?" We are bound to
say that we can't sustain Dr. Briggs in that
choir. But having refused to confirm him
lot us wait before taking irretrievable
"A HEINOUS SCANDAL."
The Conduct of Ministers Who Voted
rrTTcuno, Pa., May 23.-At to-day's ses
sion of the general synod of the Reformed
Presbyterian church, an overture from the
general assembly of the Presbyterian church
favoring the union of the two churches was
referred to a special committee. The ques
tion of the ministers suspended by the
Pitts.bur.p presbytery for heresy in
declaring for the right of suf
frage, was next brought before the synod
by memorials numerously signed, from the
First, Sccond and Fourth Reformed Pres
byterian congregations. The memorials
characterized the action of the Pittsburg
presbytery as unjust and without authori
ty. If sustained by the synod it would re
sult in killing all private opinion and would
work great harm to the church. The memo
rials were referred to the committee on
church discipline, after a heated discussion.
at the afternoon aession, by a vote of 12,) to
to sixteen. 'The Pitteburg memorial libel
ing the action of seven young ministers in
voting; at an election as a "heinous scan
dal," was adopted. A bitter di>cussion fol
lowed, several members of the liberal
minority prophesying a division. Tihe
Pitteburg presbytery came off victorious,
defeating a compromise pro osition -acnd
securing an adjournment until to-morrow
Will not Accept Civil Assistance.
CtevLoANo, O., May 28.-At the second
day's session of the general council of the
Reformed Episcopal church, quite a discus
sion was precipitated by the introduction
of a resolution that the council put on
record its distinct and emphatic opposition
to the appropriation by civil authorities,
national, state or municipal, of moneys or
properties to ecclesiastic organizatione, and
a fixed purpose not to ask or accept in the
future any such appropriation. The reso
lution was adopted. forty-eight to eighteen.
Lirun.On, i'a., May 28.-At to-day's sea
sion of the general synod of the Evangeli
cal Lutheran church resolutions were
adopted remonstrating against certain
American denominations, under the name
of foreign minesions, attetupting to secure
the transfer of Lutheran people of Den
mark. Norway and Sweden to their churches
while there are millions of heathens still
unreached by Cbristianity. The resolutions
are to be sent to the authorities of the
Methodist E fisopal. Baptist and Congre
B$laxmanAM, Ala., May 29.-In the South
ern Presbyterian assembly to-day a resolu
tion was adopted declaring that church
fairs and festivals are not proper means of
raising money; also one calling on the
World's fair to keep the gates closed on
ParacevoN, May 28.-In the general as
sembly of the United Presbyterian church
to-day Rev. Wm. J. Reed. of Pittsburg, was
re-elected principal clerk for the fifth term
of four years. Mission and other boards
reported showing encouraging progress.
CLAGGETT VERY HOPEFUL.
He Thinks He Can Show That He Is
Idaho's Rightful Senator.
BoIse CITY, Idaho, May 28.-William H.
Claggett, who contests with the present in
cumbent, Frederick T. Dubois, the honor of
representing Idaho in the United States
senate, has recently passed about six weeks
in this city, and returned to his home in
the northern part of Idaho last week.
Since his return from Washington he seems
to have the utmost confidence that he has
the better claim, and will ultimately suc
ceed in establishing his right to the full
The legal points upon which he relies are:
First, that the election for senator for the
long term took place before the time fixed
by law. The United States statutes govern
ing such elections prescribe that they shall
take place the second Tuesday after the or
ganization. The legislature met on the 8th
day of December, but did not organize un
til the next day.
The election took place on the 18th of De
cember, whereas it should have been on the
23d. The Claggett men contend that this
provision of the law is not merely directory
but mandatory, and obedience to it is es
santial to give the legislature jurisdiction
in the matter of the election of a senator.
The next point is that the two houses of
the state legislature did not vote separately
upon the senator for the long term before
going into joint convention. The parties
who had entered into a bargain and sale by
the terms of which McConnel, Shoup and
Duboise were to join forces and the three
be elected at one time were warned in
joint convention that they were taking a
step full of peril to the latter. But the
members generally had the utmost con
tempt for lawyers.
If Mr. Clagett were a democrat it is not
believed that all the principles of law he
could evoke would avail him, but he has
been a life-long republican, and more than
twenty years ago was the first delegate of
that party ever elected to congress from
Montana. Mr. Dubois has always expressed
himself as in favor of the Force bill, while
Mr. Clagett has been opposed to it. For
this reason the democratic state central
committee held a meeting about three
weeks ago indorsing Mr. Clagett, which it
is presumed will have its influence upon
members of that party in the senate, while
republicans who opposed the bill, particu
larly those on the Pacific coast, are believed
to be favorshle to Claggett. At all events,
the opinion seems to be gaining ground
that Mr. Dubois will lose his seat.
BASE BALL GAMES.
The Home Club Mentioned First in the
Record Here Printed.
Cincinnati 5, Philadelphia 6.
Cleveland 4, Brooklyn 3.
Chicago 3, New York 2.
St. Louis 14. Washington 5.
louisville 2, Athletic 7.
Boston--Postponed, wet grounds.
GRAVESEND, May 28.-Sweepstakes for
beaten horses, six furlongs-La Tosca won,
Woodcutter second, Flavilla third. Time,
Mile and one-sixteenth-Riley won, Ban
quet second, Reclare third. Time, 1:49.
May stakes, two-year-olds, six furlons
St. Florian won. Nomad second, Airshatt
third. Time, 1:16i4.
Brookdalo handicap, one mile and one.
eighth-Eon won. Judge Morrow seoond,
King Thomas third. Time, 1:553.
Two-year-olds that have not won at this
meeting, five furlongs-Verbena won,
Knapp -sennd, TLilly I. third. ''im,e 1:03.
Sweepstakes, three-year-olds, one mile
and one-sixteenth-Chatham won. Bolero
second, Baldwin third. Time, 1:49%.
CINCINNATI, May 28.-Three years old and
upward, one mile-Profligate won, Red Sign
second, Linlithgow third. Time, 1:43%.
Three years old and upward. one mile and
seventy yards--esponse won, dleputation
second, Allen Bane third. Tuie, 1:47
Three years old and upward, one mile and
three-sixteenthe-Sportsman won, Rudolph
second, Lonushot third. Time, 2:01hi.
Two-year-old colts, five furlongs-Now
ton won, Morrissey second, Gorman third.
Two-year-olds, half a mile-John Berke
ly won, Falero second, Ollie Glen third.
COucAno, May 28.-Maidens, all ages, six
furlongs-Lady Unde won, iHegen second.
Upman third. 'Time. 1:I9.
All ages, one mile-Insoleunce won, oe
nounce second, Experience third. Time,
Two-year-old fillies, five-eighths of a
mile-lanud Howard won, Addle second,
Gray Goose third. Time, 1:05.
Three-years-old and upwards, and mile
and one-quarter-tMarmosa won, Carus sec
ond, Osborne third. Time, 2:1t,.
All ages, seven-eighths tof a mile-The
Kaiser won, Blue Bauner second, Innocence
third. Time, 1:34.
A Wrestler Headed for Butte.
ST. PAUL, May 28.--[Special.)-Charles
Moth, the well known wrestler, arrived in
St. Paul fronm Chicago to-day. He is on his
way to lutte, Mont., where he will wrestle
John King. The match will not come off
for about three weeks, nnd in the mueanltime
Moth will remain in St. Paul ancd Minne- i
napolis. He is out with a challenge to meet
all comers-Prof. Lewis, of Minneapolis,
prererred, for a match from $50 to $100, at
catch as-oatch-oan or of Gricoo-Roman
style of wrestling.
Abetted a F'atal Fight.
LYNN, Mass., May 28.-Matthew McCann, I
referee, and Andrew J. Gardiner, one of
the managers of the fatal Burns-Tracy
glove fight Monday night, have been ar
rested, charged with aiding and abetting r
the contest. t
Funeral of J edge Taft.
CINCINNATI, May 28.-The funeral of
Judge Alphonso Taft took place here to- Ii
day. It was attended by a large number of t
prominent nmen from ditferent parts of the
country. The interment took plnce in the
family lot at Spring Grove cemetery.
THE INEVITAI LE CRASH,
Pessimistic Prophets Foretell Its
Coming About the First of
Likely to Be Preoipitated by the
Methods of a Russian
Sorry Lot of the Amerlean Promoter
That uItjlneas In Terrlhly Dead-Its
LoNDON, May 28.-The months of depres
sion have reached their climax in the par
tial failure of the Portuguese loan. All
this week the Paris bourse has been fever
ish and full of disquieting rumors. Pes
simistic prophets foretell an inevitable
crash when the Portuguese account comes
to be settled at the beginning of June.
French bankers have managed to scrape
through and place their third of the loan.
but there is a wonderful lack of confidence
in Portugal's condition, as her people have
been taxed beyond endurance and her bor
rowing capacity is exhausted. Trouble is
expected among the German banks who
have failed to place Portuguese stock which
they contracted to take and for which they
must pay. Rumors have even asserted
that Barons Alphonse and Gustave do
Rothschild, of the Paris house had quar
reled over questions of policy, and would
dissolve, which report now takes the form
of a statement that Baron Gustave has
ceased to actively concern himself with the
firm's business through ill health. Spain is
in trouble and has proclaimed its pressing
need of $20,000,0000 to pay for new railways
and a new fleet. Italy is even worse off with
a deficit of millions, as the last drop has
been squeezed out of the popular orange by
over-taxation, while the worst sign of all is
that each tax brings in less than before.
Customs receipts in April alone were
$2,000,000 less than tie minister of finance
ha d calculated, and the poverty and misery
of the people, thousands of whom are in
Rome without work or bread, are portent
All the Latin countries, in fact-Euro
pean and South American-seem to bemore
or less in trouble, and quite equal of them
selves to bringing about a great and phe
nomenal crisis in the money market.
Strange to say, however, they are likely to
be assisted in this work by the queer finan
ciering of M. Vishnegradski, Russian minis
ter of finance. M. Vishnegradski ever since
he assumed office has had one ambition, viz.,
to swell the value of the Russian ruble.
This, by the aid of French financiers and
through buying up Russian paper, he has
succeeded in doing in spite of the bitter ob
jections of all the exporters and manue
facturers of his country. Vishneg adski,
having now by financieta chicanery
raised the valnue of the r,.b'e and
of Russian securities to a degree
entirely unwarranted by any increase of
commercial prosperity or any certainty
of peace, is struggling tooth and nail to
maintain his position, and if he is forced
to withdraw all the $65,000,000 which Rus
sia had until recently in London, and
which he has begun to drawupon, will
probably bring about with a crash the over
hanging panic. At any rate all financial
talk is gloomy, and the money crisis has
entirely put in abeyance any possibilities of
war for some time to come.
The troubles of nations are not particu
larly melancholy, but their results in Lon
don have been highly disastrous to an indi
vidual in whom nearly all parts of
America are interested. This indi
vidual is the promoter. It will bhe
learned with grief in New York
and regret in Chicago and pain in out
lying districts that the promoter is in avery
bad way. A year ago there were thousands
of him here rolling in money and bathing
in rosewater and milk of a morning. He
wore four-shilling orchids in his button
hole, gave dinner parties at the Cafe Royal,
whereat he inflated himself generously
with '74 champagne as a preparation for a
fifty-dollar limit in the small hours. He
was the central figure in every city restau
rant and every West End smoking room.
His patent for making bricks without an
atom of straw, his mine that had not yet
burned down and his uavement that had
not yet blown up were being swallowed by
the ever credulous British public with rav
enousness, and of all the beautiful products
of American soil nothing could compare
in effuleonce of growth and luxuri
ance of foliage with the promoter. Now,
however, he is sad. iHe is wearing his last
summer's overcoat. Ito has given up his
house or his flat, and he talks blankly over
his whisky and soda of Mashonaland,
Utopia and the Celestial City, all of them
places in which there is rumor of the dis
covery of that gold which is so painfully
absent here. He is ready to go to any or
all of these places at once, and if Messrs.
Moody and Sankey, or any of their con
freres, should now start a revival meeting
based upon St. John's glittering vision of
heaven some of the anxious inquirers
would certainly be killed in a crush for
The promoting businees, in fact, is terri
bly dead. It was extraordinary while it
lasted, and took anll enormous quantity of
British gold to America for investments
good and bad, but its day is over for a year
at least, and its revival is very problemati
To Ameliorate the Unhappy Condition of
PAIrs, May 28.--laron llirsch, in an in
terview regarding his plans for the amelio
ration of the condition of Hebrews in Itfs
sin, said there were two ways to do it. 'Lhe
first plan is to acquaint the czar with the
truth in regard to the cruelties perpetrated
daily in his name. The baron said he was
convinced that an appeal to the
czar's seutiments of justice, hu
inanity and mercy would not lbe in vain.
'he other plan is that some order and
muethod should be established il expelling
lte liebiiews from Hailr.:r, lie continued
nts follows: "If the illrUsian goverinment
wanted to get rid of ia inilimoi lebrews, let
its mnany million people who, like myself.
are irepareed to lunk he h greatest sacrifices
in their behalf, save thlun from privation,
hardships, discomforts anid iickner. which
would naturally a wholesale and disorgan
FOR CAI'TIVE WOMEN.
Italialn Army fliieears Cast Lots-The
Colonel' L elek.
IROMu, May 28.--Tilhoaig the government
absolutely denies the truth of the stories in
regard to whioh Signor Imabrianl questioned
the minister of war in thre chamber of dep
uties, reflecting upon the conduct
of army officers in Abyssinia toward native
women, the following incident is
known to have ocoeurred: After the cap
ture of a rebel chief called Kantibay, live
unltive womlen of remalkable conmeliness
weres found in his harem and were sent
by the Italian soldiers to Asmara, where
the ofilcers drew lots for their pos
session. The colonel of the regiment
conducted the, drawing in person and
his subordinates were not at all sur
prised to find that he had been lucky
enough to draw the prettiest .if the captives
for himself. How many more such episodes
have marked the history of the gallant
Italian soldiery in East Africa no one
knows but this particular narrative is cap
able of documentary proof.
The (Inod Templars.
EDIrmnnnlr, May 28.-At the session of
the 'Templars' congress to-day It was re
solved that the organization hold a cele
bration March 17 of each year In memory
of J. B,. Finch. A ballot for the place in
which the congress would hold a meeting
in 1893 resulted in the selection of De,
Moines, Ia., which received eight votes over
all other places voted for. The American
delegates expressed much satisfaction over
the fact of the capital of a prohilition state
being selected as the place of meeting.
lfe Cast Anchors to Windward.
CITY or Mexoio, May 28.--Senor Rojas.
member of the lower house of congress
and former judge of the supreme court,
who was accused of theft, robbery, fraud
and other crimes, and who claimed immu
nity on the ground of being a deputy, has
been tried before congress. It was decided
to deprive him of his privileges as a con
gressman and surrender him to the courts.
French Tariff )till.
PASTR, May 28.-The chamber of deputies
to-day continued debate on the tariff bill,
adopting the following duties recommended
by the committee: Mutton, 32 francs. pork,
12 francs; beef, 25 francs; salted pork, ham
and bacon, 20 francs, maximum; 15 francs,
minimum; salted beef, 30 france maximum,
27 francs minimum.
WIII Introduce a Bill.
LoNDnos, May 28.---osohen, chancellor of
the exchequer, in the commons this after
noon gave notice that the government
would introduce a bill on Monday next
which would prohibit British subjects from
catching teals in Bering sea for a period
the extent of which will be stated later.
Sir John Not Feeling Well.
OTTAWA, Ont., May 28.-Sir John Mc
Donald had an attack of indigestion yester
day. The report that he had congestion of
the lungs is incorrect. His condition is
not in any way alarming.
Judge Shira. Decides That Be was Killed
Sioux FALLS, S. D., May 28.-Plenty
Horses is a free Indian. No inkling of the
sudden termination of the case had been
given. At two o'clock, when court con
vened, testimony being completed the at
torneys were preparing to commence their
arguments when Judge Shiras said: "There
is no need of going further with this case.
What I shall say is the opinion of this
court, but not of my colleague. It is said
on my own responsibility." The judge
then said, in substance, that the guilt or
innocence of the accused turned upon the
question as to whether or not a state of
actual war existed at the time of Casey's
death. In the opinion of the court it had
been shown beyond doubt that such a state
of war did exist.
Immediately upon adjournment Plenty
Horses was surrounded by ladies and other
spectators who shook hands with him for
some time, after which he went to a hotel,
where he spent some time writing auto
graphs for bystanders. At noon to-day
White Moon, the Cheyenne scout who was
with Casey and who has been here as a wit
ness. attempted suicide by stabbing himself
in the back of the neck. He was homesick
and despondent. He will recover.
Striking Miners Blacklisted by the Operat
SCOTTDALE, Pa., May 28.-The rush of old
men for work at the various plants contin
ues. In most instances, however, they are
turned off with an excuse and given to un
derstand that their services are not needed.
Hundreds of miners are drifting from one
works to another in the hope of finding
work, but everywhere they go they are met
with the same statement, "No work now."
This simply means that the blacklist has
gone through the region, and a man refused
at one works is certain to be refused at an
other. As a result they are either prepar
ing to leave the district for another field or
are drifting aimlessly about, and more
homes have been broken up by the strike
that has just closed than by all strkes that
preceded this gig:ntic failure. Reports are
coming in hourly of the homeless destitu
tion of hundreds of families.
Resorting to Subterfuges.
NEw ORLEANS., May 28.-When the Mc
Crystal and O'Malley bribery cases were
called to-day their attorney submitted a
motion for a change of venue. The state
introduced a number of witnesses, includ
ing the leaders of the committee of safety.
All testified that they believed the accused
could obtain a fair trial here. Counsel for
defense then abandoned the motion and
gave notice of withdrawal of the plea of not
guilty by his clients and stated that he
would enter a demurrer similar to that
sustained by the court in the case against
Granger, in which information was quashed
on the ground that the allegations set forth
were not suflioiently specific. The oases
went over till to-morrow.
Will Be Represented.
YANKTON, S. D., May 28.--The World's
fair convention adjourned at noon after
adopting a plan for raising funds for an
exhibit at the World's fair in Chicago in
1893. The management of the whole matter
has been left to a commission of eighteen
men. The commission will communicate
with every member of the last legislature
and see if they will consent to attend a spe
cial session of the legislature pledged to
vote for an appropriation of $50,000. If
they will the governor will call an early
session. If the legislators fail to consent
the commission will endeavor to raise $100,
000 by private subscription.
Vletims of an Explosion.
Fav.sroa'r. Ind., May 28.--Tbhe boiler in
the saw mill of P. E. Kramer exploded this
afternoon. Frank Bull and Ed Kunts were
killed; Glenn Swearintor. William Davie
and two sons of Engineer h1ull were fatally
injured: Hlarvey Hutchison and lien Keys
were dangerously hurt, and the engineer
and fireman on a passing train were pain
fully hurt by flying bricks. The mill is a
Sunk in the lake.
Cuan'Ao,. Ill., May 28.--The schooner
Thomas Hume is believed to have gone
down in Lake Michigan with all on borrd,
involving the loss of seven lives. A dis
patch received here to-day from the owners
of the schooner, in Muskegon, reports that
nothing has been seen of the craft since she
left Chicago a week ago to-day.
Afraid of the Soldiers.
WAr.rL WALLT.A, Wash.. May 28.--she
sheriff of this county has asked the gover
nor to send arims and aimmunition, as an
outbreak of soldiers is possible when some
of their numler, who have been indicted
for complicity in the Hunt lynching, are
arrested. To-day the governor was sent
the necessary order.
PDOR LO NOT WELCOME
South Dakota People Rabidly Op.
posed to the Transfer or the
Senator Pettigrew Says Noble and
Montana Have Conspired
The Same (.ntleman Scalps Little Chief
Ben, of the White Iouse--Fren
WAsmNOTOr, May 28.-There will be a
conflict between South Dakota and one
wing of the government, if an attempt is
made to move the Northern Cheyenne band
of Indians from Montana to South Dakota.
It is Secretary Noble's plan, as already tele
graphed, to remove this band from Tongue
River reservation in Montana, to Pine
Ridge reservation in South Dakota. The
commission that he has appointed to nego
tiate with both bands for this removal, will
leave Washington for the west on Friday.
Senator Pettigrew has opposed this scheme
from the start and said that he would fight
it to the bitter end. lie says it would be a
rank injustice to the Northern Cheyennes
to remove them to South Dakota.
His reasons are that the Sioux have been
allotted all the land at Pine Ridge that is
worth a picayune. If they are removed
there is no possible chance for them to be
come self-supporting. The result will be
that the government will have to support
them or they will starve. On theother hand,
if they are allowed to remain where they
are, the land they occupy can be irrigated
and cultivated, so that they will be inde
pendent of government support.
Senator Pettigrew says that the consent
of the Cheyennes can never be secured un
less they are bribed or swindled. It will re
quire force to remove them, and, before
this method is resorted to, Pettigrew says he
will be able to pass legislation thatwill pre
vent Secretary Noble and Montanians from
carrying out their scheme.
Senator Pettigrew, who arrived in Wash
ington last night, talked politics with con
siderable freedom to-day. When asked his
choice for the republican presidential
nomination next year, he replied: "I simply
want to say that if B.laine is the republican
candidate he will have no trouble in carry
ing every state in the west." "Can Harri
son do likewise?" was asked. "I've noth
ing to say to this question," came the smil
ing reply. "I want to add that I have the
highest regard for President Harrison. IHe
has given the country a most excellent ad
Mr. Pettigrew was asked the question:
"If Harrison and Cleveland are opposing
candidates and a new. party puts a new man
of Senator Pelfer's otominence at the head
of its ticket, what will be the result?" In
reply he said: "It's my candid opinion
that the contest would have to be settled in
the house. The respit would probably seat
Cleveland in the president's Chat:." ""Sup
posing Blaine headed the republican ticket
instead of Harrison, what then?" "Why
the whole difficulty would be settled at the
polls. Blaine would be the next presi
Senator Pettigrew also had something to
say about the hobbies of the new people's
p.:rty. "Their scheme," said he, "of hav
ing the government loan money at two per
cent. is ridiculous. In case such a ulan is
carried out Uncle Sam would be obliged
to adopt the money loaners' three
hall sign, instead of the American eagle, as
his insignia. Men who are advocating this
plan are either dishonest or foolish. Those
who have security could get all the govern
ment bonds they wanted. The farmer who
had no mortgage on his property could bor
row money, but the farmer who was bur
dened with mortgages could get nothinu.
'I his class, together with a large army of
workingmen in this country, would become
Senator Pettigrew says he is still an advo
cate of free coinage, but does not believe it
entirely necessary for the republican party's
success in the next campaign to declare for
free coinege, but both the east and west can
be satisfied by having gold and silver placed
on an equal footing.
State Department Ofticials Interpret Gos
chen's Action that Way.
WASmSOtION, May 2L.--The president this
afternoon received a dispatch from Minister
Lincoln at London saying oflicial notice
had been given in the commons that a bill
would be introduced on Monday to author
ize the queen to prohibit British subjects
from taking seals in Boring sea. 'rhe
auestion engaged the presidelt's principal
attention to-day and he had several confer
ences with the cabinet. One point consid
ered was the advisability ort sending war
vessels to Bering sea to reinforce the reve
nue cutters in preventing the taking of seals
in case a closed season is decided upon.
The fleet wotld, of course, co-opn-ate with
English war ships now in those
waters in the enforcement of the agree
ment as concluded. It is understeod that
the secretary of the navy reported that
there are three naval vessels that could be
prepared for this service without much de
lay. News of Goschen's action was reoeive d
with satisfaction at the state department.
Generally it is taken as indication that the
British government is preparing to accept
the condition imposed by the rIresident as
t reliminary to arbitration and to cause Brit
ish vessels to refrain from sealing meantime.
The fixed period for the cessation of sealing
referred to by Coschen, probably means the
remainder of this season. During this time
the arbitrators (for it is to be presumed the
British government's action carries with it
the acceptance of the terms of arbitration
held out by the president during the corre
spondence) will have an oppolrtunity to try
to reach an agreement. In the event that
the point of arbitration is not reached, it
may be that the salue time will be con
iumed in sending an expert commission to
Alaska to lnvestigate the actual con
dition of rookeres i;ud settle the question
which is still at isslao between the govern
ments of treat lBritalu anid the United
States as to whether what is known s.
"pelagic sealing," or killing seal in the
open sea ott their way to andt from shore
sookeries. is fully as destructive of soltl life
as line been reported by United States
ihe revenue cutter Bear will sail from
Seattle Saturday on her annual cruise In
UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA.
Preliminary Organization Effeeted at the
WrVasHtariNoI', May 28.-The organization
of the American university has been ef
fected. Among the incorporators are Gov.
Pattison, of Peinnsylvania, Senator Mc
Millan, of Michigan; Mark Itoyt, of New
York; C. L. Wright, of Pennsylvania, Rep
resentative Springer, of Illinois; Mrs. John
A. Logan, of Washington. Mark Hoyt was
elected president of the board and Bishop
Hurst chascellor of the university. Among
the trustees were Bishops Bowmans
Newman, Vit cent and Wilson, and
~eoretary Prootor. The president and
vice-Lj esident of theI
chief jnutie of the mu
and the speaker of the hodw
atives, are ex-oMflo meumbe
brothers made the flret on
ward the erection of Epwoe
meeting at Washington of je
tore of the country has beme
to consult about plans The
trustees is broadly eatholio i
being composed of trnreseo
tist and/Methodist Episeopal
An appeal will shortly be in .
American people for $5,00 0,000 for t..q
commencement of work.
Two Different Proposltlalon
WhmenraToN, May 28,-tlle
action of the Fronoh government Ain
ing a warship at St. George's bI. -
foundland, to prevent United Stales atW
men from obtaining bait, it i"s daid. t
state department that action
taken nor can an opinion as to the
of the oase be be given until further
received. It has not vet been In
to the department whether the waszsh
prevented our fishermen from bt.
or whether it has prevented Frenei
tents from selling it. These are two
distinct and different propoeitions, o 20 e :
iryt case it might be taklen as n
of authority over American clties .
in the second case French aft
might be exerting undeniable oi '
over French subjects.
An Autocratic Martlae,.
WAsnemrrow, May 28.-The war depar..
ment is now giving its attention to the ft
duct of Capt. Markley, company I, Twenty$i
fourth infantry, now at Ban Oarloe, ArIsr
From time to time reports have beet Oi.m.
ing in to the effect that this officer lti
iug trouble with his command, and
martial after court martial has bm.ot
deredupon his instance to try enlited
Finally it was charged bythe men th=t|4*
officer was persecuntling them. Meei
the newscame that the captain had t
men under arrest. Seoretary Proctor
self took cognizance of this extraord~nasy
state of affaire and ordered the relea*oI
the soldiers without court martial. It i
now probable a court of inquiry will be or.
dared, and if they so recommend a ooSN
martial will follow.
The Esmeralda Has Sailed.
WAsnrerox, May 28.-Dr. soteldo, the
Venezuelan minister here, informs the As'
sociated press that dispatches received to
day from reliable sources in Mexico state
the Mexican government ordered the ai.r
surgent Chilian cruiser Esmeralda to leavr
the harbor of Acapulco. The commander
of the vessel said that he was willing to
leave, but his ship had no salls and Gould
not depart without steam power. The govt
ernment then allowed the Esmeralda t.
take enough coal to carry the order into
effeot. She received 210 tons, her ordinary
consumption being fifty tons a day. Thh
Esmeralda sailed on the 20th Inst., imua.e
diately after receiving her coal allowanos,
To Be Investigated by the Grand Jutry at
Font BENToN, May 28.-[Special.]--Thq
term of diestrict court for Chotean ootsb y '
now .in session, promises to develop aoe
interesting facts in connection with eoUnty
financial affairs. This Aqbject has of late
received considerable ~lse(oaln in the
public press, add Judge Dabose brought i'~'
to the attention of the grand jury in a
charge which was a model of business
brevity. The jury weroinstructed to inve.
tigate the matter without prejudice or
favor, and wherever shortcomings milgt
be found, to bring in indictments against;
the parties responsible. Subpuenas have
been issued for the attendance of Barnard
Brown and his assistants to explain their
lengthy report, and it is also understood
that the county commissioners and other
officials will be called upon to give evidence
bearing on the subject. The outcome of
the investigation will be awaited with con
The Fort Blenton fire department will
tender a reception and ball to visiting real
dents of Chotean county on Friday evening,
at the Grand Union hotel. Judge, jury,
lawyers, litigants and peace officers will
seek a temporary relief from the eares qf
court business and join in the festivities of
The Big Steamn Plow,.
MANHATTAr , May 28.--Speolal.]--The
steam plow recently purchased by the Man..
hnttan Malting company commenced reg. ,
lar work yesterday, plowing thirty acres ln
ten hours, twelve in the forenoon and
eighteen in the afternoon. It runs about
three and one-half miles an hour, cutting
twelve twelve-inch furrows. On a test it
plowed thirteen acres in three hours. The
engines are strong and there is no troublei
in keeping steam, the escape valve working
most of the time. They burn very l11tt
coal. The plow does work that six l
and thirty-six horses have been dolng, a
will be a great saving in expense. The en
gine is called the Jacob Price field locomo-.
tive. The inventor has been here for the
past week. He left this evening for .aline,
Preparations for Shearing.
FoaT BaNTon, May 28.-[Special.]-.-.o..
tean county wool growers are busy mskldan
preparations for shearing, which wll# be
come general throughout this portion of
the state about Juno 10. The wool clip tbkl
year promises to be of exceptional quallty
and condition, the heavy growth of grasl
on the range preventing the acumm.latio0
of dirt and dust in the fleece, which has
been a depreciating influence during tl
past two seasons. The recent rains have
also tended to partially oleanse the deeem
and add considerably to its market value.
Shepherd Returns to Demareville.
DEManEsvLcs, May 25. - E[pecial.] -
Charles M. Shepherd, the justice of the
peace who was ordered to leave the Flat
head country by citizens, returned here
Monday night. At Missoula he bad war
rants issued for the arrest of sixteen of
Demereville's merchants and promahnent
citizens. It is stated that the people here
will not allow him to remain, and Impor
tant developments are expected.
False Eatries and Retures,
P'ILADELPHIA.n May 28.--Francal W. Ken
nedy, president of the suspended Spring
Garden National bank, was arrested tliJ
morning on a warrant charging hbl with
making false entries in the books, false re
turns to the comptroller of the eurre.
and embezalement of the blank'
Henry W. iKennedy, cashier of the basak e
brother of the president, was algo
charged with conspiracy to eo.aw
same orimes. They were held 4w11. ;
bonds to appear for pritmilety bl5 1 , -
halase Getting IDetter.
Naw Youx, May M.-Dr. Dewll t
morning that Blalae was gettig
and would leave the i.y fo S ;,~
Me., early neat week.
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