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RIemitances at the risk of subscrIber unless made by reglstered letter, check, or postal or ex press order, payable to The lndopendent Pub lbiug Comany. W-Poreons deiring the ISrngPNDR NT ertod at their hemsu or plaoe of business an order by pastal card or tuengh telephone No. 100. Please report cases of Irregular delivery promptly. Advertisemenft, to inure prompt inasrtioa, should be handed in before 8 p. m. Rlteoted cemmnaniotiens not returnable nu les pestage is enclosed. " TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. ti T MATiL. Daily [inclnding Sunday] per year ......... $10 00 Daily [linacl di ndayl six months...... 5 00 Daily [including Sunday) three monthe.... 2 50 Daily [exclading andyl per year......... h Daily (excludin Sunday per month...... 75 Sunday only Lie lvadncel per year......... 2 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year........ 2 00 Daily by carrier, per week, [even issues 1.- 5 b HELENA, MONT., JUNE 11. 1891. 11 _____________ a Wr'Metanians abroad will always find THs t' DALY N ]npENDriNT on file at their favorite t hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Ptalace, San Francisce; McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, SprinnAeld. Ill. IMMIGRANTS, GOOD AND BAD. P THE new commissioner of immigra. 1 tion, Mr. Owen, has collected some in- C teresting data for transmission to con. gross upon which he will base a request for more stringent restrictive legisla- 1 tion. Altogether the figures do not make so alarming a showing as to the t bad character of recent immigrants as V many persons would suppose to exist. c For the last two fiscal years, 1889 and a 1890, the number of immigrants was I substantially the same, or 444,427 for one year and 435.302 for the next. In the first six months of the present fiscal year, or the half ending Dec. 31, 1890, there was, however, an increase of f 39,807 over the same half year of 1889, C and in the same four months there has N been an increase of 42,816, making an increase for the entire year of 81.623. t This makes an immigration for the first i ten months of the present year of 401, 238. The immigration in the last two months of the last fiscal year (1800) was 136,697. It will not be short of 180,000 for May and June this year. The total i for the year will probably be about 480, 000. In the last eleven fiscal years this I number has been exceeded in six years, or more than half the time. The wave of immigration is rising, but for the past year it is below the average. It is cus tomary to dtrect attention to the immi gration from Hungary, Poland, ant: Italy as increasing. It undoubtedly is, but just at present Germany, Sweden and Norway are displaying a larger in crease. In the four months ending with April our total immigration rose one third (33 per cent.), but the share corn Ing from Germany rose 55 per cent. and from the Scandinavian peninsula 40 per cent. On the other hand, Hungary rose 35 per cent., Italy 31 per cent., and Rus sin 33 per cent. The present rush comes chiefly, therefore, from the regions which have furnished us some of the best of our foreign stock. A corre spondent of the Chicago Inter-Ocean; calls attention to another interesting' feature of the situation. He says: "What is usually the opposite lost sig it of is the number of immigrants con stantly returning. In the ten years ending last June 5,250,613 immigrants landed in this country. In all calcula tions on the census this total is treated as if it were, a direct addition to our population. In the same ten years, however, the return of immigrants has reached 1,069,530. One-fifth as many persons have returned as have come This backward movement is also chiefly the product of the last live years. In the five years ending in 1890, 2,270,93u immigrants landed, and 801,062 emi grants went back in the same years, or one-third. Twenty years ago these out going emigrants hardly existed. Ten years ago they were half as numerous as now, although our immigration was larger. For five years past for every three immigrants who land one re turned." W:ELLESIEY DOFLS W.VLL!,. It it be true, as hks been gravely urged, that all our impulses, noble or degrading, are the results of stomachic conditions, the people of this country will some day rise up and call \Vellesle a college blessed. For the authorities o- t that academic hatchery of ologies and isms have had the admirable ,oiod sense to establish a department of ",loinit ii science." Other educational Institutions for the gentler sex, it is true, have dab bled more or less in this branch of train ing, but so far as we know none of them has attacked it from its scientific side. It was only natural that the results of their labors should fail to make any ap preciable difference in the digiestibihtv of the biscuits of the (rlleg-blreld girl. iBut, when an Institution of the stand ing of Wellesley undertakes to teaulr the subject., and to teach it understanding ly, one section of the alleged humorists of the funny papers will have to strike camp and seek new pastures. As we gather fromn Miss l iariori Tal bot's paper in the Congregationalist, the subject of domestil Se(lll(ei to be an "optional" of the senior year. \\e :on fees to grave doubts about the advisa bility of the option, but we welcome the senior year arrangement. Students who have been trained in chemistry, physiology, physics and cognate subjects will enter upon the study of domestic economy with a large and intelligent equipment for their lpurpose. 'he course of study will include both theory and practice. Lectures will be given on such topics as the chemistry of food and nutrition, the sanitary condition of houses, the chemistry of cleansing, the proper food and clothing of a family and -thank goodness the "servant-girl" questions. On second thoughts, however, we still fel inclined to put our money on the servant girl's coming out aheadl. If Wellesley can down that domestic iniquity forever, she can leave Vassar and every other rival out of signt in the race for patronage. Under tho heading of practical work will be included visits to houses in course of construction, inspections of model homes, talks with "progressive" housekeepors, l:baratorv work in sani tary chemistry, and instruction in test ing sanitary plumbing. That is a famous programme of work and well outlined. We tender our ac knowledgmenta and congratulations. Times are changing. There was a time when nearly every girl was brought up i.t home and had a good chance of be coming practically acquainted with the duties of a household. But frequent changes of residence, boarding houses, boarding schools and increasing wealth have wrought sad havoc on the primi tive old ways. There are many people yet who believe that a knowlodge of household affairs should be with a woman matter of intuition. We have had enough of that belief. We have endangered our lives with experimental cookery, and we have risked our souls by unguarded opinions of certain moth ods of housewifery generally. What we need is the cultivation of a scientific attitude of mind towards domestic con corns, and, it Wellesley can give us that, the lyspeptios will endow her with in numerable domestic scholarships. As I, in many other respects, Aus tralia is ahead of us in solving the water problem by means of artesian well.. Figures compiled by the San Francisco Chronicle show that up to 1888, there were 248 well borings in Noew South Wales. Of these 134 -lowed fresh water, seventy-seven were salt, eleven were brackish, a two were mineral and in nineteen coal was struck. At the end of 1889 the col ony had tweinty-seven additional wells , and 110 storage tanks, and there were in a process of construction tifty-two bored r wells and twenty-one tanks, or 2'30 works in all. The colonial government has al ready expended about $20,000,000 in wells and kindred works. Victoria is following the oxample of her sister co! ony and is sinking great numbars of s wells. Land values have enormously increased as a result, and the addition to the wealth of the colonies has been al t most incalculable. Tit. assassination of Repreoentativc Penrose in Butte is one of the most 0 startling and atrocious crimes over per petrated in Montana. The develop m,,nts show that it was a deliberately planned conspiracy, conceived and exo cuted by cowardly murderers, whose e presence within the borders of the state is a menace to public safety. No effort or expense should be spared in ferreting out and hunting down the assassins ana meting out to them condign punish moent. n Tie first installment of our great so h rial story, "The Fire-Worshipper's Se cret," will appear in SUNDAY's TNIDe rexNiiNr. The opening chapters give promise of a strong, graphic and in id tensely interesting romance. News er dealers should place their orders for ex tra copies at once. os Tmc small fund necessary to secure a as proper presentation or Helena's meritt he as the place for holding the Nationa Te- Teachers' association in 1892 shonull bh 5n1 raised before to -morrow noon. Otlhle ag' cities are already in the lists ani oun s: case should he ready to submit at onc(o ,n- DON'T let the fact that plenty or wail.c .rs is cauing from overhead just now keel it, you from subscribing to t.he artesial A. (oiciM:NI'Alr' ON on the street pay ing question from a large outside in vestor in Halena property, which w~, toibhtlsh in another column, makes somen good points in favor oft stone pavements. he THE StiADOWGVRAPIIER. Thle tragic death of lion. W. J. Penrose, th of Butte, was the only subject of talk on pc thue treets yesterday. In all of the favor- ;C ,.e rcso:tas vwe:e gathered little groups of hi p eouinent mon discussing the nieagre de- tl tailt of the cruelest and nmost cold-bloode i ass itsinatton ever known in Montana. The i story of t.e minnidr, as told in uuothlt; col uiunt, reads iHke a crimo of the Malal. 'ITw. ..r hiree cowardly and murderous thuits, , t bireo, perhaps, by others, gather about r , trrn's hotuie. They bring him from his wi faily to to the s-ene of the crime by moan of a de :oy note, and when tahere, all unctn eiousu of dean'e'r, th's jump from difflrent E corners and deliberately take hia life with out giving hinm ai oanco to' dofeuce.. On diiables hiin by a quick blow wi'a l i,:ly. while an ther jut:ps to liii blo ly and proeting ia revolver against is i. hlII: siend a bullet craehitg through hi. bruin. "'lTh-n si ldeial frigftten"rd by th, horror of thit it cti th:e revolver is droppe: whiit they run frOnc the scene in dilffront t directions. In the meautimne his wife and little one are but a few feet away resting ini the s. :nr:ty that the husband and father will :oon return to his hna,:t. (',iu anything be more horrible than this? ICan you inivelt the selCblt:Inco of nui ex cSeu, that will aitdo lt a ndow of jutiti, tiou for sich a crillle? l.atiltg dtis;racv will be brought on lauite City if those t::sassins are not biougiit to i answer with their itves for this murder. The greatest ru--ret and the heari 'if -yiV mpathy wets expresoed by haund rd'l. o'i friindtis in thii city. While the news r - titeld pirofound steinitioit thlee were theo aholt.wr wr not uri tsed at tht llmlalnnot.r i lii death. It was ka-ewn thi it lPi'rui.e had manly personal inclle5i5 besl:loi thei enmlity i of Inlbor orgairzati ons. ' hib wait lartli r because he was thoroughly i:Eggresive in: :hbsolntely f-arltes itl hit er.pr'rssion ,f s op:illniS . ie hiot, retlated!v received ttuiOn.,in't warIilltigs thtit ettt'inpit weal ii n made on his life, but gave them ont!y pasus i :itttntltio. luring the fight aga:nst the eiglit hour bill lhst winter I saw thrle( Y latto' a warning himt not to r: n turn to Bultte. Ills phylical eatr ii age, however, ctirried hitn: through iman:i n narrow eecarals tholugh hI was always u,-i Sthe lookout for troulitt.. 'Thern were on.ghtv Sfew mtnt whll enrril to ltmeet hil to settle Ie erionatl dfliculties. I hlve- b1,1l-L told thit sieveral phits were arrlalged to get lhii into saloon rows for the purpoRse o killing hil hitn but thlts, were inver halt carried out. Slid was its trong phiy.iu, ils'llv ins ta was tiervy in and the cowardtls who wsuted to kill hint oe were afraid to try it. In his right lung h el carried a bullet received while he wes a . deputy tshe rllI of Eureka., Nv. Ons even rk ing two autllies walked iup to hlml into It in saloo iin that town. One grabbed hil arn. while the other placed a gun close to hils of body beneath the other armr and fiAld. le o" has been fired tit before and since but it i- appears his murderers decided that an am - bushed assasination was the only u.te method of finishing him. Penrose was born in Cornwall, ing., and was perhaps 40 years old. His family were" very poor, and he was forced to work in the tln mines when he was but six years' old. He came to Vermont in 1877,' and lived there for a few years. Then he went to Illinois and worked in the coal mines, and from there to the far west. He worked ip the mines at Eureka for some time, and for a while edited a paper there. When the glory of that camp was on the wane le came to Butte, where he has since lived. tHis first newspaper work in that camp was as mining reporter of S'rhe Miner. Afterwards he started e the Mining Journal, which has e been a money maker from the first isane, l despite rather loose management. His lines were east in hard places during the greater part of his life. I have heard him say that lhe could not read or write until he was ' i0 years old and that all the education he over received was picked up at odd times between working hours. Yet with these ob stacles he had energy and natural ability. He was a forcible writer and a convincing speaker. His over aggressiveness kept him in constant trouble and finally brought about his death. He never hesitated to at tack anything or anyone in the col umne of his paper when he thought best, and he always fought 0 without gloves. He lacked discrimination c at times and often carried criticism into a1 uncalled for personal abuse. In his effort 4 to throw an enemy he would use personali n ties which might better have been left out. He was a fighting editor who would fight Iat the drop of the hat and he knew hip strength. Through a fault of judgment he frequently made editorial mistakes but he was always ready to stand responsi bls for his utter:rnces. I recall his -osition in the eight-hour dis i- discussion in the last legislative session. It n was a rather memorable occasion for it was the first time that Montana labor had reached out in a determined way to secure an eight-hour law. It was known that the bill would come up for discussion and the lobby was packed with an interesting audience. Siiners, mine bosses, labor leaders, presi dents of miners' unions and mining super intendents were there. The friends of the bill were in the majority and from a politi e oal standpoint it was regarded as bad policy t to oppose the measure. Penrose had more . at stake than other members of the legis - :aturo, for his paper was devoted to the in . terets of the miners and they had electec him by a good round majority. He haC been their leader at critical times and theu Sregarded him as a friend. The friends o, te the bill were well equipped with arguments it when they opened the debate, and they hai Ig the sympathy of the audience. They fin i :shed the opening and awaited a reply. ý Sfew desultory and half apologetic answere were briefly given by the opposition, but n( one seemed to have nerve enough tc rackle the question until Penrose stood ul and made a telling half hour's speeoc against the bill. It was the best speedo be ever made. The arguments were cleaw ce -ut and convincing and were well told 0- This speech put some life into the oppo e- Ients of the bill, and after that the debatr ws - continued until the close of the da3 After the session 1 walked down the stree ,ith John B. Reed, the gifted editor of th a Inter Mountain. He said, "I do not alway is ag1ee with Penrose in many matters, but sal aur forced to admire his nerve." lie was great hearted, generous and goq or natured. Even those who ha reasons for cordial hatred beoauee of hi newspaper utterances, were compelled t ike him socially. He could disarm a fc v cith a hearty laugh, or he would fight hir OP if necessity demanded it. His generositywr an proverbial. Hoe would give his last dollr C co a friend who needed it. I recall a meel lt ing during his last visit to Helena. Ear! , to morning while talkiqg about his situi t- ionim with the labor elements of Butto, a me in- inger boy came up and gave him a not The writer was a woman who did not kno Penrose, but had heard that he would hel o people in trouble. A woman was sick i h. her house without a dollar and needed ai istance. Penrose followed the boy to ti place, laid a $50 bill on the table ao walked out. All remember the raising )se, the Witler fund. lenrose started it ar on personally secured nearly all of the so or- ;criptions. Other instances like these w pi be recalled by all who knew him. One fe- the striking features of his character w de: his intense devotion to his wife und liti 'l'ie ir!. lie was always planning somethi ci,- i'-w for their enjoyment. If the murdi i ;as thugs who killed him knew the sornr u", tbat would come to hiis famrily, I doubt t even, cowardly as they were, the crir tlio would have been committed. an We all know his faults. Like faded a ..., .-. -. ` - -- ....... si. ... none 46 Installation of Officers. The insitallation of oflicers of Albion iodge, Sonl of St. George, took place on 3aturday evoning. Worthy D. ID. G. 1'. I;tchard Lockey was the installing ollicer. '!hi following olltceta were installed for the ensuing term: Worthy proaident-W. M. Catron. W\V. V. P'.--Johul Iteau. \VWo thy secretary--I. Arthur Eslick. W. 'T.--'TIhov. tandhltm. W. M11.--I. 'l'antblyn. W. A. M.--W. S. Morris. W. ohaplain--lohn Morris. W. A. Keort.tary -J. I). Morris. \V. I. sentinel-- (. T. Nicholas. WV. (O, i ----th llawtlen. lIHpresentattiv to gland lodge--Richard Lockey. Alt rnte --\V. M. Cartron. Thankls From thle ladthles. Central W (. '. . . observed June0 :t n 'lower Misseion day visiting sick and pris ,n".rr. The (1on extold, thatnkt to t, ,oilwin, kind donors to their wrli: ,nia \ibi t':haw. f r vttlltabl work r.nlthrw;; :ra. M. lc lte."hv, fur Iren r.e. . I:tteriure, atilt fltw rce: M.re. (totnelin s llt dgne, litlr.d r - :tire anid latrg illlllntlllttld (erds;: MAIe . I. '1 navt, jeilli: l rn, Si.uthluayd. be li,, , ,lowtr antlld reading mntter: Mr,. (;le. :rlcl)onald, iue of ho eti and carriage. Ir-h ;,,r-s, I rnh ,ilitter eveo ry lyt : i t , , k ri 5v.hlt l, (x in all nt a orr, wr.c,, 1,. y .*r - s !lli t a( '.2. I ,,'r t , -it d, or t0C. ,or i,, f ,.:,(I. 'I o le in,, , ,th , drive f:, r t ,, , I·( llll llall ) a '.,el.p I ,:nI'l rt)'Lt . MONYV To LoAN I am iurepar rd to make Ioans promptly on IM. PilOv) v I'tO'iTl'Yr in tithe CITY OF HELENA, R anches in fVlontana. L No delays. FusuL alway on Ihand. ('Crrespond. Ocl,c t nolicited. 11. !. I'A LMIER. Ron m li, MIech ate National Bant lluldinl MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED HE DEJVER BUIlDI1JQ, * Broadway and Warren St. NOW READY FOR OCCUPANCY! The DENVER is steam heated throughout, and has every improvement. Tenants are wanted for ONE STORE, complete with every convenience. Also for Offices and Apartments on second and third floors. APPLY TO WALLACE & THORNBURGH, Agents, At their New Offices, in the Sec ond Floor Denver Building, Broadway and Warren St, Helena, Montana JACQUEMIN &'CO. WATGHJVAKERS, - JEWELERS, - SILIVE SMITHS. - Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS, Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY 1 CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. RANCH! 2,000 ACRES, well improved and thoroughly irrigated, on fine range, at $6 1'Er ACRE. Also im·,,.v T RnsRs. Cheap est property in Montana. BARGAINS IN HELENA REAL ESTATE. W, E COX. REAL ESTATE. Room 14 and 15, Gold Blo A. G. LOMBARD, Civil Eangineer. lRoos 43, Montana National Bank Boilding. Besrvoire. Cantls and Irltigation a Specialty. Elovea rnpra(t~lesa xriao . CHILDREN'S CLOTHING Ladies who visit our store to .,purchase Children's Suits, Knee 'Pants, Hats, Caps and Shoes for their little ones, are becoming more and more convinced that we are the right house for these goods. FIRSTLY-We have a sepa rate department with plenty of light, where shopping is a pleasure for anyone. SECONDLY-We have a full stock of Suits, from 4 to 15 years, in all the different styles and patterns. THIRDLY-We buy our Chil dren's Clothing of firms that make nothing else, and they get them up in the best way possible. FOURTH-We mark them with a small profit, in order to build up a large trade in that line. FIFTH-We sell goods at strict ly one price, where one dollar does as much for one as an other, and do exactly as we advertise. We have a lot of big bargains in Blue and Gray Blouse Suits that we are selling at $I.35, $1.50, $2.oo. We have also a fine lot of Mother's Friend Shirt Waists at Soc. and upwards. Call and see them. GANSd& KLEIN Leading Hatters, Clothiers and Haberdashers.