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HARDWARE, STOYES AND RANGES, Mine and Mill Supplies. 22 NORTH MAIN STREET. TOLSIOI ON NARCOTICS, The Desire for Nerve Stimulants Common to All Nations of the Earth. Kinds of Exhilarating Substances Used by the People of Various Nations. Why Men Smoke and Drink-Why Are All Gamblers Smokers and Virtuous Women Non-Smokers ? It is estimated that 400,000,000 of the human race makes use of opium, not as a medicine, but for its exhlarating effects. From 200,000,000 to 300,000,000 employ hasheesh for the same purpose. The betel not is masticated by 100,000,000 inhabit ants of Farther India and the islands of the Pacific and Indian oceans, while 10, 000,000 more indulge in the use of cocoa. The need of, or rather the desire for, some nerve stimulant is common to all nations. The savage tribes of Siberia intoxicate themselves with a kind of mushroom, the Indians of New Granada with the juice of a kind of thorn apple, says the San Fran cisoo Chronicle. The American Indian, not satisfied with tobacco, will pawn his blanket and gun for firewater enough to make him a raving lunatic. In India, in Central Asia, in the heart of Africa and among the savages of the American conti nent there is the same strange seeking after somethin2 that will give a temporary exalta tion and enable the individual to be insensible for a brief period to the discomforts that environ him. The ha bitual use of the more powerful nnarcotics is local; that of opium is principally conlined to China and the countries north of it that have immediately felt its influence; the betel not is only used in Far tho: India and the islands near it, and hasheesh in India and to a certain extent amonu the Arabs. The use of tobacco is universal or is only limited by the ability to obtain it; that of opium and cocoa seem to boe rapidly ex tending among civilized nations. Why is the human race impelled as by a common instinct toward this craving for tiaulants? Several writers have in a asual way endeavored to answer the luestion, but 'Tolstoi, the Russian tale riter, is the first who has brought any rent amount of rensoning to bear on the ubject. lie has abandoned, as it appears, he use of wine and tobacco on the ground hat they are unnecessary and in urionus to the man's physical and moral ell-being. and he wishes to justify his noition in the eyes of the world. When i person is asked, he save, why he drinks r smokes, the answer generally is: "To xoite my nerves. To brace me up," or "1 rink and smoke because it is agreenble,and verybody else does so." If a person is iced or out of spirits he roatsorc heeashim elf with a cigar or a glass of liquor. eol tot does not, howover, say that a mlan rinks tea and coffee for the same reason., or does he mention that the fteling of de cession often exIprienoed before eating res place to a cheerful state of mind after good meal, though these facts are inci ental to the question, lie does not, in noat, accept the arguments of the man who rinks or smokes because it makes him I so comfortable or makes him forget is troubles, but raises the issue to a Igher plane of logic. The conscious sa, be argues, distianguishes its himself o bsiags absolutely distlnct-the sensual, Swhich eats and sleeps, and the thinking be ing, which does, or should, appreciate and I control the blind movements of the other. There is a constant struggle between the conscious being and the sensual being which is always going astray, and it is to paralyze the voice of conscience that man poisons and stupefies himself with nar cotics, and not because of any natural in clination nor for the pleasure that he im mediately derives from the habit. This is often true in civilized communi ties, but the reasoning is not ample enough to cover the entire subject. Of the 800.000, 000 or more human beings who indulge in narcotic -that is more than half the entire population of the globe--what proportion can be said to be sutfficiently moral or on lightened to have a conscience? We are not in the habit of crediting the mat of the Chinese or the hordes of India with the possession of that useful monitor, certainly not the savage triboc of South America and Central Africa, espe cially when the questions to be decided go outside the sphere of one or two of the Ten Commandments. The savage conscience, if it can be so called, usually recognizes no law but brute lorce, and whatever morality there may be in the savagecharaoter is gen erally the result of this sentiment. Tolstoi nevertheless brings special argo Smeonts or instances in sueport of his theory, I among others the exploits of the old man of the mountain and his servitors. When this strauge personage wished any one mnur droed he naide the assassin who was to make way with the intended victim drunk . with hasheesh, in order. as the writer al e leges to quiet his conscience. This is prob ably the fitst time that a con-cience was ever attributed to these fanatics who, a whether in their sober momuens or drunk e with hasheesh, believed that their whole a duty consisted in obeying implicitly the commands of their maistor. The object of the narcotic was to give them at tietitionu cour Sage that insured the accomplishmeunt of the died, rogardless of tc.il and danger. Other o instances given are more pertinent, and i bear directly on the general question of 1 morality. In one of themo a Paisian cook, intending to murdir his tistres-, had al ready entered the chamber where she was e sleeping, when he felt his courago fail him. t le went into the dining room and dr:nk -twoglasses of brandy that lie had previously prepared, after which he cut the throat of his victim. But his moral faculties had not been sufficiently stupelierl. Whe: Ihn esalw the blood flow and heard her cries he found * he still had not the nerve to finish. lt fledl to the parlor, took a se at, and having further brutalized himself with the ftln's of it cigarette, found himself able to go beck a and cotunllet his bloody task without cotm l pnuctto'n. Those details were related by the imuiderer on his trial. The part that liquor 1layed in thin instance is by no meansi.s new, bit the re is a certain novelty in lmakini: the ci:lOrtto tn aauxilary to crime. ' hat crimutaunlal i geueral Indt woltlon who lead dissolute lives, are much given to liquor, oftentt as it llrans of weakening the counsience or deadening remorse, is a fiact gene(rally acknowlt-edged. It is 'l'oletoi's then y that whlln It person desires to do a thing he should not td,, or or dose not foetl itnclint d to do something he ought to do lie takes a cigar or cigarette, and so sttu'efiies his constience that the wronug action [Iecotlues itey 'l nutur:rl. Tihe use of tobacco prt.esets co talu adv:int ages over ether unacoti'sc. 'l'he taking of optinu ind hnhteslnh is neither convenietit inor nltogthtier clennly. Tobaetn is ei:sily carried, tasily kept anth not i 'rli'ivn to otlhers w:ien kept within co' hin reistr ic tiols. ''he miore witdesi ead, theirefore, art its evil effects. "Why," aiks thie ltssian moralist, "are ganihler invariably iinveter ate smokers? Why is thti use (,f the ignrretto so rare among womten of ir reproaueuune ItvCB rWhy do wollrn who lIad bad lives aiud tloseo whoseo norviua eystelns lre prostrated smoke incorlsalntly.' and Lie replies that il all theao iustanc.os habit no doubt noes for nomethlig, but in most ouase the motive is the atifling of that disagreeable monitor, the conarience. The faults, the eclialsh ess, the illusions of the slaves of lobaceu, c.r thrown iutu relief. The habitual smnoker in his infatua tion forrets the proprintiss of time and Iance. The well-bredt Itnn Is nut always a well-bred smoker. It in a railroad car or a room he asks those present if they object to smoklng every one knows he eIrpets aln afltinitive nswer, and there is either a timid assent or an ominous ailolel. T'lhe Ulast elementary politeness would seem to to suggest that suoh a questiin should never be asked several persons, and that no one should think of smoking except in places where no one has a right to object. Smoking as a stimulous for lite rary labor, argues Tolstoi, is of more than doubtful value, for it stupifies or destroys the critical sense that should constantly aid and direct the author in the accom plishment of his task. A certain facility and abundance has been gained at the expense of lucidity and coherence. These deductions are made by the writer from his own experience, he having used smoking as a literary aid before he decided to ab stain entirely from wine and narcotics. It would have given additional interest to his essay if he had mentioned Rosetti, who wrote usually under the influence of opium, and Poe, who often owed his inspirations to alcoholic stimulants. In spite of the light that the eminent Russian author has endeavored to throw on the subject, the use of stimulants and certain narcotics remains an upen ques tion. It is true that there are more and weightier arguments against the use of alcoholic stimulants and tobacco than can ever be urged in their favor, but what can be dlone against a habit that involves the presnumed comfort and pleasure of the uni versal human animal? The theory re solves itself in the abstract into this sim n'e question: "Should the nerves over be stimulated in the interest of bodily hellth?" If the answer is aflirmative. it only remains to be determined how and to what deuree. 1)eatlh From Kidney Iisease Is the unfortunate and untimely ending of thousands of the Amerscan i eople annually. O egon Kidney Tea is guaranteed to cure all forms of kidney troubles. Take it in timne. ---I~------ - CARTERS ITiLE IVER' PILLS. CURE Slch'h Ieadache and irelievw all the troubles Incl. (ldent to(. ai;i:)os i-i(ltt (,f thei sS3'le#i. sucli as D)iz.zin.ss, Nal!sea. I )ruwailnes. l)istress after eating, lain In the Sidl, i &, While their most remanrkable niectni Ihas been shown In curing SiCK ltontdac"h, yet CAR.n.pEm Irl-.C IV.ueln P't.ta nrllct hiIsalh"ll t(lhl lI ('ll tilli nt. curingl and he scrlig this ln n g itlg in:,wl they alst c' ri.el all disrders of tih, stoh il, stimulate the li ver and regulLto the bowel' Even if they oIly cured Ache they wolid tlie allillst lirile.es to thlose who lllthr fr.llo thi. distresing complalnlt; billt fortlnilal Ilelr their tgltec does not end lhere. Anld IltiSiui who onlisi ' ii Ity tIhte will liid thelie lIttlel pi lls ll.lile inl ae litalny ways that thiv will ot wi-lling to do withoui thell. -ut after Tll Lick hlLad ACHE is the hno of sno many Ilves that hern Is whore we lak our great boast. Our pills cure iO while u nthers do nIot. ('ArCIs'ltin L rnI t.Ivll Pitt. a verry naill andl vlTy esy tLo lake. One or two lill olak. a dose. They are strictly vegstable.anl do not gripe or lrlge, ilt by tlhir leuntlie ac"tlo plesi p who time thelni. In vills a lt WI elts; re for P1. Slold eorvrywhre, or aent by lillld OAUTIIU I1lW 00N CO., etw York J* L. SMITH, S-Freight Transfer Line, RlZENA. MONTAIIA All klqdý .ol smerclmit.ln ed othe. t.lblht, r cludlnp era. prompUlter lrrei Crom ttedepot. WE MUST SELL! Therefore We Offer the Following: STINWARE. GJOGKE(Y. * GUTLERy. No. 9 Boiler, - $1.75 No. 8 Tea Kettle, .*75 Dinner Pails, - .3o 6 Soup Plates, .45 Butcher Knives, - .30 MuDlin Tins, - .15 6 Dinner Plates, - .50 Carving Sets, $2.oo Tin Cups, - "15 6 Pie Plates, - -35 Potato Knives, - .15 Sprinkling Cans, .40 6 Cups and Saucers, - *45 Rogers' Silver Tea - Sprinkling Cans, .50 6 Bakers, - " 45 Spoons, - - $2.25 SMilk Pans, - o 6 Individual Platters, - 45 Rogers' Silver Table Milk Pans, - - .10 Spoons, - - $3.50 Milk Pas, - - .05 6 Butte Chips, Rogers' Silver Knives and - Water Pails, - - . 40 6 Egg Cups, - "45 Forks, - - " $4.50o Turkey Feather Dusters, .50 7 Piece Chamber Sets, t2.95 Rogers' Silver Child Sets, .75 Whisp Brooms, - .1o 1o Piece Chamber Sets, 4.00 Rogers' Silver Lemon - Coffee Mills, - .50 2 Piece Chamber Sets, 7.25 Knives, - - .65 I Gallon Oil Cans, .20 Glass Water Sets, - 1.50 Lemon Squeezers, - .25 1 Gallon Oil Cans, - .5 Lemon Squeezers, - .15 Don't Miss It! + WM. WEINSTEIN & CO. + To Chicago in Less than 14 H0urs c- VIAs -H L NORTHWESTERN LINE C, SL P. ,I & O, Ry. C. & N,-W. Ry, The Shortest and Best Line From St. Paul to Chicago, Sioux City and Omaha. The only line running alt. its Passenger Trains in leas than 14 hours between St. Paul and (Chi cano, and while this time is quick, trains do not have to run at as high rate of speed to mate their time as on other lines, beause this line is ahorter than any other line. "The Pullman and Wagner Vestibuled Limit. ed." leaving St. Paul at 7:30 P. M., makeos.the trip to ('hicago in %13 hours, returning in 18 hours and 25 minutes. "The Daylight Exproess," leaving St, Paul at 7:45 A. M.. makes the trip to Chicago in 13 hours and 50 minutes, returning in 13 hours and 45 minutes. This is the only line by which eonnectins are assuredt in Chicago with all fast line trains from Chicago to the east and south in the morning and at night. 'ltos conneetions are made at Stl aul with Northern Pacific and Great Northern trains. For rates, maps, folders, etc.. apply to C. F. D. TtNLING. ieneral Agent, lailey Block. No. 34 N. Main St., Helena, Mont, T. W. T.ASDA.E, Gon. Pass. Agent..St. Paul. Minn. A. K. PRESSCOTI Dealer in MARBLE, AND GRANITE, SMON UM'NTS AND Headstones, HIelsn. . - Mont, Minneapolis & St. Louis R'y. - AND T77 Famous Albert Lea Route. 2 Through Trains Daily from 2 St. Paul and Minneapolis TO OIIICA. GO Without change, oan.rt.in withl th. Fast trains of All lIines for the .-'EAST AND SOUTHEAST. The Direct and Orlly tinn running Thruugl tars betaWed Miineapolis & Des Moines, Iowa, Via Albert lea and Fort Dodga SOLT. TIIROUt(H TIRAINS BETWEEN Minneapolis and St. Louis s'e iuicieilsal cities o* the tilisiasiipi, ans donneotiuglo tldon Dool,to for all pointst South and Stlouth\west. Maag hone saved, ant the only line running twetraint tinily to KANBAR CITY. LfAYV:NWOITII., ATCt80ISON. nuakingt oonneotio with the Union laeiliO and Atohison, topIka & Santa Fe railways, Close Voltnetitun mads in Union IAepot with Ill i(raim of tr e St. Paul, Mllsnnapsliu au. qanltoba, Northern Paoiiic. St. Paul & uDtuth Railways, from and to ALL POINT | NOIITtI AND NORTIIWEST. Remlan ier!. ain ' f the Milnneorol i PuUmb| t Louis alla are o..ulwA tOsiesuf t i'ltmalUrtlliin (art D ort tO.lie I inin.g iOhi. Cs and our Justly celebrated Palace Dining Care. tltO 1is, of bMgaos ctheoked Fk'ltll. Fare aM says astw us the lowest 1 For time tabhlt, ste.h tickets, ccall upse the nearest tisks leauttor write to Lft 4 440- 1 1 S THE COOK AMALGAMATOR. II r THE COOK AMALGAMATOR may take the plaoe of the ordinary mill tables and operate close up to the batteries, or it works with splendid results on the tailings from other amalitanating devices. It is CHEAP. DESIRABLE AND EFFICIENT. and will save ninety-nine yer cent. of all the metals which will amalgamate, no matter how fine, and the loured quick in the tailings from other amalgamating apparatus. There are very many plaesh in Montana where the Cook Amalgamatoe will pay for itself every month. I Will Guarantee Satisfaction Where I Advise the Purchase. SEND FOR CIRCULAR. G. C. Swallow, Helena, Sole Agent for Montana. Having declined the plaeS of State Mine Inepecotor, I am now prepared t. examine and report on umnes, and aid in buying and selling the same. I have ha forty-five years' experience in mining. G. C. SwA.ow. THE OLDEST FIRM IN THE CITY. Clarke, Conrad & Curtin HARDWARE an STOViS. V We now have upon our floor the finest and most complete lines of all kinds of HIOUSE FURNISHING GOODS, and at prices to suit everybody. Refrigerators, lee Boxes, Ice Cream Freezers, Rubber Garden Hose, Hose Nozzles, Lawn Sprinklers Hose Reels and Lawn Mowers. IRON and STEEL MINING SUPPIES. TELEPHONE NO. 90.