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age3mitt~me it the wlik of subsorlber uslii made by reglutered letter, check. or peetal or ex prom. erder, payable to The Independent Pub ilngoe Company. gPlerseae deeiriag the Iun eubm r seerve] at their homes or place of business can order by postal carder through telephone No. 100. Please report cames of irregular delivery promptly. Adrertinements, to inure prompt ianertion. should ho handed in before 8 p. am. Itefected communications not returnable an ies postage is enclosed. TZIUIS OF SUUSCRIPTION. SY MAIL. Daily [inoluding Sunday] per year......... 510 05 Daily I Including Sunday] six months...... 5 00 DaIly [including Sunday] three months.... 2 50 Daily (excluding Banday] per year...... 9 00 Daily [excluding Monday] per mouth...... 75 Sunday only [in advancel per year......... 250 Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 2 03 Daily by carrier, per week, Leaven issued.. 4a HELENA, MONT., JUNE 21. 1891. .WPMontanians abroad will always find Tau DAILY 1NnEPNDxN1T en file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York, Weste Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, San Francisco; McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Springfield. Ill. THERE is something ominous in a name. The horse High Tariff dropped dead yesterday at the three-quarter pole. That's a horse on McKinley. SPEAKING of the Ohio situation that robust republican newspaper, the Now York Recorder, says, "The farmer only is the uncertain quantity." Ah yes, that "only" covers a revolution. THE business men of Helena should prepare to send a big representative del egation on the first excursion to the ACeur d'Alene country next month. Helena men and money have played a conspicuous part in the development of this region and with close and direct railroad communication by the opening of the new line we should command its rapidly growing trade. IF Mr, Russell Harrison, who does not o ive in Montana, is not satisfied with the t way THE INDEPENDENT'S business is s conducted we are sorry for it, but he I must not try to humbug the people by n pretending that he is the friend of home p labor. If he persists we will print that s Boos letter proposing to import "scab" n labor from Detroit. Mr. Harrison t should be content with his losses on the p state printing contract and subside. He lt ought to know when he has had enough it of the newspaper business in Helena e and quit. it HoNoRs are thickly heaped upon e blushing Helena. The supreme grand a lodge of the Ancient Order United Workmen of the United States, which o has been in session in Detroit the past a week, elected our fellow townsman, J. d W. Ainaley, supreme grand master, ii and voted to meet in this city in June, c 1892. This is a great and notable order o and the people of Helena appreciate the p honor conferred upon this city and will d give the visitors a royal welcome. The c A. 0. U. W. in June; the National Edu cational association in July. Hurrah r for us! f (t C. H. PAYNE, the republican boss of f Wisconsin, who conducted the cam- t paign in the northwestern states for the c republican national committee in 1888, 6 is visiting in New York and frankly talks of the party's gloomy prospects: a "There is one thing I would like to t impress on republicans in the east," said Mr. Payne, "and that is that New York r and Indiana are no longer the only t doubtful states. Wisconsin is doubtful. It was made so by fooling with the school laws. Illinois is doubtful on the same question. I am not without hope that the republican party will carry the s presidential election, but the party leaders must look the situation in the face." WHAT would other merchants think of a similar scheme to supply their customers from some other part of the country with clothing, boots and shoes, hats, furniture. r carpets and all the necessaries and luxuries of life-Journal. What do our tailors think of the members of the Journal staff who buy clothes ready made from New Jersey shops instead of having theii made in Helena? What do our shoemakers think of them for purchasing the products of , Massachusetts factories that pay their hands 75 cents a day? What do our cigarinakers think of them for smoking cigars from Havana and Key West. And that's what every han in the es tablishmnent does except the Prince, who has his clothes and shoes made to order in the east. TAKING the prince of Wales for a text, .John Russell Young, in the New York Press, preaches a graceful and forcible sermon on the times. lie shows that Wales comes by his vices by natural in. heritance from the Georges, and in spite of the general lamentation over the de cay of morals which we are getting from British press and pulpit, lie argues that the ago in which we live is better than the one we have left behind. "Look into the memoirs," he says, "road the old plays and comedies, recall even the virtuous Addison reeling up and down the corridors of the Holland house, heavy with port wine, or the orgies of Carlton house under the prince regent; or Byron's nights with Sheridan; rtino down to the memory of men still in active life, and, peeping behind the cur tain as lifted by Groville, see brougham, Wellington, Palmerston under the rose. Come even into our own country and recall a pregnant remark the writer once heard from Iseo. Sickles, that noth. ing contributed so much to lire the re bellion us the frenzy for whisky among members of the ante-rebellion congress. Compare all this with the public senti ment and private manners in our own day and see how much we have im proved. Twenty years ago for ii nuan to be fuddled at his club, or to fall into his cups et a dinner table, or to be seen un steady in business hours, was a trifle. No one especially cared." And coming down to our own country Mr. Young pertinently asks: Does any one suppose that Aaron Burr would be chosen by any political combina tion as the president of the United Mtates; boon tetalue4 Ii thu polIttalel oestBeuee of a president after the Rleynolds amourl tl at Franklia would have i4sued that anssbicg rapy without som5 careful eliatons that even Jackson, with his Dickinson and other dueals on his head, could have been made president? I question it, I would not be understood as having this generatios.say "holler than thou" to Hamilton, Franklin and Jackson, or that in many essential matters we are worthy to unlace the shoe latohets of these venerated men. But had they lived in the atmosphere which now breathes from our churches, schools and modern society, they would not have lacked the moral attributes which would have added luster to even their illus trious fame. Mr. Young might, have added that in the United States the people to-day would not even whitewash the prince of Wales. SOCIAL LIFE FOR THE POOR. The new University Settlement society just organized in New York for the purpose of interesting college-bred men in an effort to improve the condition of the people in crowded city districts is more than a passing fad. Such men as Carl Schurz, Seth Low, Dr. Arthur Brooks, Oswald Ottendorter, ex-Secre tary Fairchild, and a score of others equally prominent, do not lightly enlist in an ill-considered and impractical en terprise. The society will establish itself on the foundation laid for it by a band of earnest women a few years ago and will invite not only college men, but others to join it in promoting centers of social, literary, artistic and musical en tertainment in ' the most populous neighborhoods of the city. The society will "establish and maintain in the ten ement house districts places of residence for college men and others desirous of aiding in the work, with rooms where the people of the neighborhood may meet for social and educational pur poses." The New York Press says, "The en couraging feature of it all is the com parative disappearance of the old notion if the condescension of the rich toward the poor, the old patronizing tone and style of doing things for the masses. rhere is an increasing tendency to ad nit that the humblest and poorest peo ple, as the less fortunate brothers and sisters of the rest of mankind, have moral rights to opportunities for cul bure and pleasure far in excess of the pittance of rights which the skeleton of law authorizes for them. These tene nent house reform and people's palace anterprises are the according of rights, iot the doing of favors to the masses. They are no more than the duty of ivery person who can contribute either a dollar or an idea to their furtherance." Dr. Rainsford, of St. George's church, on Stuyvesant square, uttered an idea a few weeks ago which covered a great deal more of the ground than he applied it to, when he said he did not believe in cutting off the masses with mission chapels in which a weak, scared little priest and a hoarse, ill-drilled choir con ducted services with a little old organ out of tune in a dingy little room with plain walls and dirty windows. The masses ought to have the most beauti ful churches, inside and outside, in town, the finest music, the most artistic frescoes and stained glass windows, and the surpliced choirs following gilded crosses ought to go through the worst streets in town singing as the brave and uncouth Salvation army people do, only a great deal better. That is the idea that should move college-bred men to join in this and other efforts to give the most numerous element of the popula tion the best opportunities for enjoy ment and culture. The men engaged in the work are all imbued with Dr. Rainsford's ideas and will carry them out as far as their re sources will permit. It is a noble un dertaking, worthy of the humanitarian spirit of the nineteenth century. LOCAL ETCHINGS. Always having a profound respect and a reverent admiration for the man or woman who could so far forget themselves and their own selfish aims and ambitions (for they, like the rest of mankind, must have their pet schemes and visions of worldly aggrandizement) as to give the best years of their life toward Christianizing and civ ilizing the benighted of other lands, that when I heard there was a real live mission ary, and a woman at that, among us, my curiosity was aroused, and I strasghtway made up my mind to satisfy it. My mental picture of a missionary had always been of a most depressing kind. I thought she must be tall, angular and sal low, with a sad, solemn and spiritualistic exuression to her features. That she would sit with folded honds and say, "'Resoue the perishing," or words to that rffect. Instead, I find Miss Buzzell a sweet, fresh complexioned young lady with nothing gruesome in her appearance. She did not wear a sanctified air or sit with folded hands. I iaked her regarding her work among the Chinese and she cheerfully answered my questions. Three years ago Miss Buzzell graduated from a missionary school in Chicago. Her parents are at present doing missionary work in the state of Nebraska. "How could you reach the Chinese in an intelligible way if you did not speak their language?" "Shortly after reaching my destination I engaged a tutor who could not speak a word of English, and I was obliged to learn their tongue to makeomyself understood. The language is a diflicult one, as they have so many different infle tions for the sarie word. 'There was no grammar in the Chinese language so I didn't have that to contend with." I inquired as the nature of her work. "I am engaged in teaching in the schools, holding readings and working among the women. The men, who go as mrisslonaries, are not allowed to see the women and they can only be found by going to their homes." Are there other missionaries at work in the same field with you? "Yes. several. I boarded with a family of them." "Which had you rather labor among, the Chinese or Japanese?" "The Jaipanese. 'Ihey are more cleanly in their person and in their homes. Are more intelliget and grasp ideas more quick ly." "What portion of China are you at work in?" "In the southeastern portion, about 100 miles from Canton, at Chow-king. I have been among them three years and hope to r~ti to them sometime in the heal f "Osa you see good results from Yep1 boseP' "Yee; the same in the work thern , among the 'heathen nearer home,' Su*i believe snd receive, and so0pe 'st}4' 4# There is an immense feld tot laboerse rig but few willing workers." Zasn't it a continual sacrifice on you part?" "I do not look at it in that light ags would feel badly it I thought I could `no' again go back to the work." "Are the Chinese one meets in this coun try the same as those to be found in their own land?" "No, decidedly. They are all of thi poorer and most ignorant classes. I en joyed visiting the Chinatowns of Portland and San Francisco." Miss Bausell will visit Bozeman, Bilingi and the Gallatin valley in the interest ol her work, and may return to Helena and speak of her labors among the Chinese peo ple of this city. "Twenty-nine vears ago to- night," said James Gourley on Thursday night, as he leaned back in a handsomely upholstered chair at the Helena, "I was the only man ir Helena. I always remember the annivers ary, and am thinking of starting a Firal Man club or a Last Man club, whichevet would be the most appropriate. There wad no cabin here or settlement 6i and kind. I was on my way on horseback from Cottonwood, now Deer Lodge, to Montana City, where there was quite a settlement. Night overtook me here and I decided to camp down the gulch. It was a lonesome prospect I assure you. I halted near a clump of bushes where Bach, Cory & Company's store now stands, threw my saddle on the ground for a pillow} pulled my blanket over me and slept the sleep of the just. I am not an old man yet and when I walk past these great business blocks, or drop into this luxurious hotel a few hundred yards from my camping spot of 1862, it all seems like a dream." I saw an excellent crayon portrait the other day in a Broadway show window of James Fairweather, the discoverer of Alder gulch, which turned out the yellow dust in such quantities in the early days as to make the place famous throughout the civilized world. Fairweather has the credit of wash ing out the first pan of gravel which led to the discovery of gold in Alder, but there are other circumstances connected with the event. Granville Stuart. nuw the state land agent of Montana, in 1876 pointed out that the Yellowstone expedition of 1863, corp manded by his brother, James : tuart, wtas the direct cause of the discovery of Al4er gulch and the consequent rapid develop ment of the territory which followed. In James Stuart's account of the expedi tion he mentions a party of six which was to have joined the expedition at the mouth of Stinking Water river, but for some cause failed. Granville Stuart, in prepar ing his brother's diary of the trip down the Yellowstone for publication in one of the volumes of the Montana Historical 'ociety, added a number of foot notes. It is in one of them than the account given of the party which failed to join the expedition. 'Ihis party consisted of Louis Sim,nons, William Fairweather, George Orr, Thomas Cover, Barney Hughes and Henry Edgar. They were detained by not being able to ind their horses, which had wintered at Deer Lodge. They arrived at the ap pointed place of rendezvous some three or four days after the main party had passed, and taking their 'trail followed on, expecting to soon overtake them; but before they did so they were met on the upper Yellowstone by a large party of Crow Indians, who at )uee proceeded to plunder them, taking nearly all they had, and giving them miser able sore-backed ponies in exchange for their horses, ordered them to return Qn pain of death. Situated as they were they could only comply. And yet this vexatious outrage was the most fortunate thing that could have occurred for their own interest and that of the territory, for on their way back to Bannack City, one day's travel up the Madison river, Fairweather observed a point of bare bedrock projecting from the side of the gulch, and determined to try a pan of dirt. Ile was astonished by obtain ing thirty cents in beautiful coarse gold, and in a few more trials he got $1.75 to the pan. This was at the point afterwards famous as Fairweather's discovery claim in Alder gulch. The arrest of an amateur detective in Butte for annoying Mrs. W. J. Penrose calls to mind'the fact that Helena is full of them. You pass them on every street cor ner, touch clbows with them at the bare. They go about with their hats pulled down over their wrinkled foreheads, look at every passer by through half-closed eyelids or out of the corners of their eyes. just as a de tective is supposed to do in the yellow backed novels. The murderers of William J. Penrose, if there are any of them around, could spot these sleuth hounds two blocks off. It is pretty much the same as if they carried the following banner inscribed: "I am looking for the murderer of William J. Penrose, and you want to give me plenty I of room." Each one has an idea that he is the possessor of the true and only solu tion of the mystery, and he is certain to earn that $4,000 reward. The spectacle of two mysterious looking gentlemen ebad owing each other from opposite sides of the street is no unusual one those nights. They are both on the same business, but do not know each other. These man chasers are getting so thick that it might be ia relief to inoffensive strangers if the Vidocqs :would run each other in and give the community a day off. California Excursion Rates. The Union Pacific will sell on the 15th of next month round trio excursion tickets as follows: Butte to Han Francisco via Port land or Ogden, both directions, $75; San Francisco, going via Portland 1a1 return inc via Ogden, or vyie vesn, $90; to Los Angeles, going and returning via Portland, entering San Francisco in one diiection either Ruing or returning, $89; to Loi An geles, going via Portlnd and San Fran deco and returning via Sacramouto and Ogden, $¶ft.:. i The jbovo tickets are good going sixty (iS) days and good for return passage any time within six months from date of sale. Those desiring to take edvantage of these rates may cal, on or address 01. O. W isiy, F. & P. A., 28 North Main street. MonEY T LOANo 1 am prepared to make loans promptly en I l. P'ROVEl lRttj'OltTY in the CITY OF HELENA, -AND- J ariches in Arontana.I No delays. Funds always on haind. Corruepend. Len e solicited. I II.13. I'ALMER. B (oom al 15, March ath National Bank Buildine MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED fl1HE DENVER BUILDIJ Q,.J Broadway and Warren St. NOW READY FOR OCCUPANCY! The DENVER is steam heated throughout, and has every improvement. Tenants are wanted for ONE STORE, complete with every convenience. Also for Offices and Apartments on second p nd third floors. APPLY TO VtALLACE & THORNBURGH, Agents, At their New Offices, in the See ond Floor Denver Building, Broadway and Warren St, Helena, Montana W AT H W A TGH V IA AKERS, - JEWELERS, - SILVE)RSMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXM4IINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. 'RAN CH! 2,000 ACRES, well improved and thoroughly irrigated, on fine range, at $6 PER ACRE. Also FoR-rv hbORSyus. Cheap est property in Montana. BARGAINS IN HELENA REAL ESTATE. L [. CO REAL ESTATE, Room 14 and 15, Gold Blo A. G. LOMBARD, 0-v-il Engineer'. Rooma 43, Montana National Bank Building. Roeervoirr. Can.'s ant Iriration a kpecjiaity. El~eu vn y rats upcalI ga, ve. LEADING CLOTHIERS. o o0 - IT L4-. 0 U) HASS COME To pass that you can't tell the *on c difference between the suits we ' have in Ready Made and the ones made by fashionable merchant ' 0 b tailors. The fact is, the tailor ,, gets the credit for having made d those we sell, just as soon as they - -ý leave our store. Our stock of Summer Suits is 0 still unbroken. Make your se- x c lections now. uo ..o, p.c) C GANS & LEIN 0 N. B.---We will give a Fine o 0 Ž Nestable Dinner Pail to every person making a Cash Purchase 0 of $10 or over. o cri K. HELENA, MONTANA.