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THE INDEPE IDENT
$emittanoes at the risk of seaberlber ubes made by regitered letter, oheck.,or postal or a prs order, payable to The Inadependent Peb. laidte Company. "P.erseas desiring the INDoanesar eerved at their hemes or place of basiness can order by postal card or threouah telephone 1No. 100. Please report eme a Irresular delivery promptly. Advertisemeant, to insure prompt inwrtion, ehoald be handed in before I p. m. Rejectod commanications not returnable an les pestae is eomlesd. TrUmO OF SUNBVCRIPTION. T MAIL. Daily ncludioo Sundayl per year.......... 10 0 Daily (including Bonday] Arz months....... 00 Daolyr inaludia. BSnday] three montho.... 2 10 Dail exeluding Sundayl per year......... Daily (excluding Banday) per month...... 75 Bunday only ti advance] per year........ 360 Weekly lin advance onlhy per year... .. 00 Daily by carrier, per week, Leaven issues . 3. HELENA, MONT., JUNE 26. 1891. SEAPMoptanians abroad will always find Tic DAIL INDrPuNDu ' on file at their favorite hotrls: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, Now York: West, Miuneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, Ban Francisco:; MDermott, nutte; Leland Hotel, Springfield. Ill. Is POWF. in the deal to deliver the Montana delegation to Harrison? We opine not. Ir Ohio and Iowa should go demo cratic this year James G. Blaine would be the only republican visible above the .horizon. No other candidate would be considered for a moment. E'PRESENTAT'IVE teachers from ton states have written that they are in favor of the Yellowstone park and liel ena trip for the National Educational association in 1892. No one who is op posed to it has yet been heard from. AN Anaconda Standard reporter inno cently asked Col. Sanders if he and Mr. Carter had fixed up the Montana dele gation for Harrison next year and the colonel solemnly said, "no," very much to the reporter's astonishment, no doubt. Of course, if there had been anything in the story the colonel would have promptly admitted it. Ttw, New York Recorder wants the republicans of that state to nominate a farmer for governor. They nominated Farmer Warner Miller in 1888 and Far mer Ira Davenport in 1885, and both proved soft marks for the democrats. If there are any more republioan farmers left in the state who want to get into the field against Roswell P. Flower, by all means trot them out. THt most encouraging word we have heard for the Ohio democrats comes from Murat Ialstead, who predicts that McKinley will have a big majority. This is the same Mr. Halstead whose vociferousness two years ago brought about the defeat of Foraker. McKinley is a strong man but if Hal stead turns loose for him the democrats will stand a good show of electing their man. TaH money stringency in England, which has been long continued and se vere, will be a good thing for the people of that country if it brings them around in favor of bi-metallism. England now sees that she needs more money and some of her leading financiers seem half inclined to favor an international coin age arrangement. If England would join us in the free coinage of silver that problem would be speedily solved. PRESIDENT OIAKER, on behalf of the Northern Pacific railroad company, has generously offered 6340 acres of land to the artesian well company at a merely nominal price. This is equivalent to a handsome cash subscription. If water is found on the land the stockholders in the enterprise will realizo handsomely from the investment. Now lot the small balance of the Helena fund be speedily raised and work begin at once. Wno are the Montana democrats who are reported to have been in conference with the lion. Pat Kelly, of Minnesota, 1 and Col. McShane, of Nebraska, with a 0 view of bringing out Chief Justice' Fuller as a presidential candidate? So c far as we know, all the great men of - Montana are at home with the excep tion of the Hon. Marcus )Daly, who has been buying faster steppers than the chief justice would prove to be, at the Iaggin sale. WE are with Senator (Gorman in most things, but not in favor of his proposi tion to have the national denmocrartic convention meet in Baltimore next year. It is a very uncomfortable place in the summer time, besides being on lthe wrong side of Mason and Dixon's line. New York would be better than that; but it would be wise to keep away from that city for political reasons. )Detrioit would be a good piaco and so wouli Chicago; but if the republicans go tr, Minneapolis it mnight lie wise policy for the democrats to go them ,no ibetter in reaching fir the vote of the west and have their crr,vnction iin I)nver. T'ln; Blri. '. Lade committlo, who waiteild iluon !' . .,ht I:ks yesterday certainly l ft tihe unpression with dthn gentleman that lleitni is roused to the importance of comlmnrding tihe trade of the Cicur d'Aleno country. \Vo belie '. the Northern Pacific Railroad iCOmpany intends to do all it can in fairness for our people, and lbhat I'r.;idlnt (ake.: will make good his umrnrarlce of no-lopr ating with our business mon. 'lhe. Northern Pal:fie's excursion frrlom the Cetur d'Alenes to this city arnd ithe re turn visit of llelona's leading rmen to that region will be prodluctivre f much good to Helena. As wE feared, getting up in the middlo of the night to go to Missoula las produced nervous irritation in the systenls of our esteemedl coonterrrlrlori:rrr the Miner and the, Standard. It uni pears that the Standard hasl been cn-, necting with the train from Iuttie Ii lmens of a ciyllso ealnd a road w\vagonl But I his outlit becoming mirnd, the ,|l ployes of tihat iipaper now run at handl ear over to the train on tihe Montatn L'n ion tracks. Norw we call that it a noust praiseworthy enterprise, and we do not me why the Miner should feel called upon to say: "A frog seeking to win ap plause by bopplag upon a track over which Tenny is about to ran; a battered scow floating an the waters which are about to be plowed by an ocean racer; a cow on the track in front of a lightning express, and the Anaconda Standard waddling across the road over which the Miner is scheduled are not uncommon sights." But really, is the struggle worth while on the part of either of our contempo raries? The good people of Missoula only have to wait a very few hours to get a complete newspaper in Tax INDa PErND)NT, which, by not subjecting itself to an undue strain, and by obtaining all the news, manages to keep good-natured 305 days in the year. COOKERY AND CRIMR. What is it that recruits the criminal classes of the civililed world, and popu lates the cells of penitentiaries? Orig inal sin, replies some pious opponent of 1)r. Briggs, and goes on his way rejoic ing that be is not as other men are; or at least that other men have not found out the secret similarity. The ignorance of the masses, shrieks some perfervid enthusiast of education, who resolutely shuts his eyes to baccarat games at I'rauby Croft, and mildly smiles on the peccadillooes of the "upper crust." Bad cooking, declares Professor Egleston, of ('olumbia college, and we tally one for the professor. Crime and vices, it is his belief, are the result of diseased condi tions. The average criminal is in such a condition of body and mind that he has no desire to lead an honest life. And the mental attitude is in much the natural result of physical conditions. Indigestible, badly prepared food pro duces intiammation of the stomach and of all the organs of the body. That again is a condition of things that pre disposes to excesses of all kinds, to a craving for stimulants, physical and mental. Result, man descends to the level of the brute. In the professor's theory there is much food for thought. As the old say ing puts it, the ideal man is possessed of a sound mind in a sound body. We have been trying to make ideal men for a good many years now, and we seem to te as far as ever from the goal we aim at. Our efforts have been lop-sided. We have been devoting nearly all our attention to the mental and moral de velopment, and practically neglecting the other. Pious people have wandered through the slums of our great cities, and have hoped to appease the terrible throes of destitutions and hunger with a namby pamby tract. It would have been as wise to try to check the Missouri in flood by throw ing a pebble into its waters. Mrs. Partington did her level best to drive back the Atlantic with a mop, but the result was not a shining success. Sometimes, it is true, charitable effort made a desperate attempt to pass the "take no thought for to-morrow" Rubi con, and established the soup kitchen. The soup kitchen failed to cope with the flood of crime, and its failure was not unmerited. The idea was good; the execution bad. It supplied relief; it never attempted to teach self help; and the shadow of the religious tract always brooded over it. That is not the gospel of the kitchen that the professor is preaching. IIe is a scientist, and he looks at the matter from a scientific, a physiological and a social point of view. Hie would build up the bodies of mei, women and children, and leave 'it to others to produce the mental and moral conditions they de siderate. If the poorly-paid classes can thoroughly nourish their bodies and satisfy their appetites at an expenditure of a small part of their small in come. it is perfectly plain that the temptation to robbery, by violence or cunning, will be materially reduced. Under ordinary conditions, the wage earners of this country average an ex penditure of 75 per cent. of their incoume in food. Bly following the methods ad vocated by the professor, they can be better nourished at a cost equaling only 10 per cent. of their earning capac ity. Sixty-five per cent. will be left for other purposes. More living rooms, purer air, more light, separation of the sexes, these are only a few of the many benefits that would accrue to the cause of health and morals. Better than all, improved food would iiean improved men and wonmen, and the diminution of the ranks of our criminals. Though territorially, perhaps, the largest ward in the city, but a slight proportion of the population of Helena have an idea of the wealth of that section of the city and the important part it bears in the town's growth. Eight or ten years ago there were a few fair residences in the Sixth, but whero the big business is now done, ranch ors raised hay "tud other produce. With the cominu of the Northern Pacific rail road and the establishment of depots, gen oral offices, round-housoe, repair shops. and store houses of various kinds, a great clhange bas come. in that vicinity all the large mercantile lhouses in Hielena have their warehouses, the cool, woord and lumber bus n0es finds ti(.t i1 it 111 h iquartirs, and milaei if side tracks reduce largely the expense of receivin atnd shipping good;s. In this ward also is the luren heor and planing mill district and the largest mane factories in Ilifona. In ad dition to being the wholevIle and IaltIu facturing ward, it ihas al. griown rapidly in the matter of re-sidenceo tadl retail stokes. The huLdredIl of iiiell employed by the rail ro0td annd il other callings is a rule livie inr the Sixth, arid there lha1s grown up bothi north and south of the track a Inarge nunm Iir' of cozy residoenes, stlll'hy owned )by their ocecupnts. Of hotels theore are,. ecor;,, froll the Grand I'acltir., i.s tlealt and Iconvelioent a hIotlery as1 thre ii s tywhore, down( to tile cheap depl,t hltel. In the ri - tail busirnes every litle mc relirl.llrentl. With two lines of street cars ru Iatllln up townll, the trade of the Iotailers is s. llowlllt affected, but on the whole tlhey doi a i.o,d business, Iand will averaKge 111p tlmonth ill kirld moth (lut with stires farthelr llIu towal. T'lhe is an exrellent chance for the city fa:thrs to do so01lm glood work in the Sixth Iy tllirng ip till, ud holee which amboundl in certain localities. I he big transfeir colpaniesc thelroe lavm their iiornsl within c IIvenimlt distanl,,ce of thel depolt nlld tile w;tarehouses, and fromn iearly morn till night their trucks arme il;oe ing. Comlmencomg on the east the lie t warehouse os that of LI. Nicholson & Co., wholesale dealers in grainr , ftit and pro dueo; then comes Morie,StSlea e i nson, hay and grain; Union Mereantil 0.s, gro ceriesl Jas. MoMillan & 0, holesl; Molter Hardware Co., Bach, Cory & Co., graceries; A. J. Davidson & Co., hides and agrid a.lturl implementsr and Chas, and Fred Ibemaý. Every day there comes into lt61h. from the east and west over the Northern Pactilo from fifteen to thirty freight cam loaded with goods for the home dealers- Helena merchant send to Maryaville every day a car of goods they send two every day to Boulder and Wiekes, and eerv othe day one to Rimini. In addition they send out every day a train of what te known as "ped dlers," made up of nine or twelve oars. These go to every station on the west to the state border. The amount of goods received by Helena merohants is sarprisingly large, compared to the population, and proves cooelurively that this is the great wholesale mart of Mon tana. There is one grocery firm whlch av erages four cars of goods daily, and still its warehouse is never overstocked. From January to date Helena merchants have re ceived forty cars of oranges, eonting $88,000, on which the freight was $10,000. During the same time they have shipped in twenty cars of lemons, valued at $86,000. From July 1 to Dec. 31, they will receive forty cars of small fruits of various kinds, from out side the state, and about three cars raised on Montana soil. From this city these or anges, lemons and fruits go to every town and mining oamp in the state. For its size, Helena has the reputation among growers east and west of being the greatest fruit city in the United States. There has been a big increase in the value of realty in the Sixth since the ward was established. When the Northern Pacific frst came into Helena the best warehouse property could be bought for $10 a foot. Now it is worth from $100 to $150 a foot. North of the depot residence lots were worth $2.50 a foot. Now they bring $25. Sonth of the depot and along Helena ave nune the rise has been as marked. In addition to the warehouses of the mer chants the big planing establishments are ocated in this district. These comprise the Helena Lumber company, Gilchrist Brothers & Edgar, the Montana Lumber and Manufacturing company, Wallace & ThornburgJLumber company, and Ketchum, De Noille & Co. All of these establish ments have large lumber yards in conneo tion, and give employment to a great num ber of men, Down in the Sixth also is the Perry soap factory, Sanford & Evans flour mill, the sewer pipe works and the gas plant. As other manufactories are started, they will naturally, in a large majority of cases, go down that way, due to the convenient rail way facilities both of the Northern Pacific and Great Northern. On a bright day a stroll through the Sixth is worth the trouble, and it will give the visitor a bettor idea of the business transacted by the people of Helena with outside camps, than can be obtained in any other way. MILLIONS IN IT. Litho-Carbon and Its Advent Into the Colnanaei.al World. Everybody looks at J. K. Pardee's shoes. Lately the attention bestowed upon them has been somewhat embarrassing to him, but it is no joke. As Pardee says himself, 'there's millions in it." No ordinary shine ornaments Mr. Pardee's footwear. It is the latest thing in the market and patent leather is "not in it" with litho-carbon. Mr. Pardee discovered his shoe polish in Texas. When he passed the shoe polishing stands on Main street yesterday the polite attendants forgot their usual inquiry of "Shine 'em up, sir?" and gazed in astonish ment at the brilliant appearance of the mining man's well-fitting shoes. While in the corridor of The Helena yesterday the discoverer of the lithe-carbon mine in Texas drew up one foot and brushed the shoe with a white handkerchief without soiling the linen. He told one of his friends all about his discovery and the company he has incorporated to put the litho carbon on the market. Litho-carbon's physical properties are those of an in tensely black semi-solid mass, tasteless and odorless, resisting the action of water, acids and alkalies, non-inflammable, non volatile and unchangeable under any natu ral degree of heat or cold, and capable of resisting a considerable degree of artificial heat without change. It is a non-conductor of heat and electricity of high order. Ex periments have been made which show its uses in the commercial world to be mani fold, and its various applications must produce an important, if not startling, in fluence on many industries. Mr. Pardee's company hold letters patent covering, as a product, the processes of ex traction, treatment and all uses of litho oarbon. Among the uses to which it will be put are positive insulators, black var nishes, japans, paints, substitute for hard rubber and horn, gutta percha and rubber tissue, water, acid and alkali-proof vessels of wood-nulp; a water-proof and peculiarly tenacious varnish for leather, producing the effect of patent leather; water, acid and alkali-proof bricks; water, acid and alkali proof pipes of iron, paper or wood-pulp, and pavements. Litho.enrbon, always perfectly flexible, can be rolled out to the thinness of tissue paper, and in that condition it possesses all the properties of gutta-percha at d rubber product, without the offensive odor and sensitiveness to heat and cold that belong to the latter. In this form it can te used in the manufacturo of water-proof gar ments, ladies' dress shields and the very many other devices of cloth for which there, is a demand. The saturation of any lknd of cloth with a solution of litho-carbon makes that fabric absolutely water-proof. also non-oxidizable. For the lmanufacture of raaekintoshes, belting, hose. tarpaul:ns, etc., it poisessess all the valuable qualities of rublber, without any of the odors or dle structiblo characterlsties of that material. It can also be used for lining beer vats and barrels and imaniy othler uses. 'the Litho-Carbon cosmpany has been or gatnizid with ai capital stock of i5,i5t,ol)00 in 5,+,01(f sharles f $I(f) ech, and incorpo rated under the laws of New Jersey. Mr. l'ardoe is the general superintendelnt of the company. 'lThe general otlice is in Now York city and thi Jersey City oflice is 45 Mlrontgouiary street. Mr. 'Pardoe will leave Montana in the fall and hrve charge or' til:e iiir., which is abiut minety miles northeast of ntn ;Antonio. 'Texas. 1Ii will. Lowi ver. retain his interests in his property here. MONEY T? LOAN I am prepared to makn loanpo promrtly on 1K. PROViiD iJRO1IHTY in the, CITY OF HELENA, Ranches in Jontana. go dulayf. Fun'lr always on haul. Corrospond. oalo aolisltod. I T. 8 . 1 'A L11ER. Rbo m lt, MroIn itn Noational Bank Blllldint MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED N . McCONNELL, Architect and Superintendont uOrnaa 26 and 7. third floor Montana National I(nak lluildlngj. Prompl~a'tenwfor wivon t., ordore frsom olianis at ton, "r alr:, I. ly trict attntlion to I, hsl. nrraR I Ilr ln to n-t 1I Iai (o tpatrnoan, o olf.,,,ts I'dfnrt th" ", h ...,ofany and all who may n dy n" I n , pxct no ardhihte"t anl 'tt~ia,.aud,e"wt "fth uexrtion of lioildingo. bau 'Iidot aiz wiwgll wtnc uc 00 i5 *hutt>tol unit ' "S.ppo of avy Qu*Glptlon no to aheftanr UV HE DEJVER BUILD1iJQ,. * Broadway and Warren St. NOW READY FOR OCCUPANCY! The DENVER is steam heated throughout, and has every improvement. Tenants are wanted for ONE STORE, complete with every convenience. Also for Offices and Apartments on second and third floors. APPLY TO WALLACE& THORNBURGH, Agents, At their New Offices, in the Sec ond Floor Denver Building, Broadway and Warren St, Helena, Montana JACQUEMIN &CO, ATCGHJVIAKERS, - JEWELERS, - SILVERSMITHS. - Dealers in )IAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! BALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, " 27 Main Street. RANCH! 2,000 ACRES, well improved and thoroughly irrigated, on fine range, at $6 PER ACRE. Also FORTY HORSES. Cheap est property in Montana. BARGAINS IN HELENA REAL ESTATE. W, E. COX. .AESTATE. Room 14 and 15, Gold Blo A. G. LOMBARD, Civil Ea.gi_.eer. Room 4:t. Montana National ,ank Baildifn. _Rearvl.irr CWanls anr Irri.ation a Speoialt*. LEADING CLOTHIERS. IT HAS . Z. COME To pass that you can't tell the n difference between the suits we have in Ready Made and the ones 0- made by fashionable merchant . tailors. The fact is, the tailor a < , gets the credit for having made A d those we sell, just as soon as they a . leave our store. Our stock of Summer Suits is still unbroken. Make your se lections now. uo ( a GANS & KEEIN ; C T N. B.---We will give a Fine N Ž Nestable Dinner Pail to every person making a Cash Purchase : of $10 or over. HELENA, MONTANA.