THE INDEPE IDENT
$emittanoes at the risk of seaberlber ubes
made by regitered letter, oheck.,or postal or a
prs order, payable to The Inadependent Peb.
"P.erseas desiring the INDoanesar eerved
at their hemes or place of basiness can order by
postal card or threouah telephone 1No. 100. Please
report eme a Irresular delivery promptly.
Advertisemeant, to insure prompt inwrtion,
ehoald be handed in before I p. m.
Rejectod commanications not returnable an
les pestae is eomlesd.
TrUmO OF SUNBVCRIPTION.
Daily ncludioo Sundayl per year.......... 10 0
Daily (including Bonday] Arz months....... 00
Daolyr inaludia. BSnday] three montho.... 2 10
Dail exeluding Sundayl per year.........
Daily (excluding Banday) per month...... 75
Bunday only ti advance] per year........ 360
Weekly lin advance onlhy per year... .. 00
Daily by carrier, per week, Leaven issues . 3.
HELENA, MONT., JUNE 26. 1891.
SEAPMoptanians abroad will always find Tic
DAIL INDrPuNDu ' on file at their favorite
hotrls: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, Now
York: West, Miuneapolis: Baldwin and Palace,
Ban Francisco:; MDermott, nutte; Leland Hotel,
Is POWF. in the deal to deliver the
Montana delegation to Harrison? We
Ir Ohio and Iowa should go demo
cratic this year James G. Blaine would
be the only republican visible above the
.horizon. No other candidate would be
considered for a moment.
E'PRESENTAT'IVE teachers from ton
states have written that they are in
favor of the Yellowstone park and liel
ena trip for the National Educational
association in 1892. No one who is op
posed to it has yet been heard from.
AN Anaconda Standard reporter inno
cently asked Col. Sanders if he and Mr.
Carter had fixed up the Montana dele
gation for Harrison next year and the
colonel solemnly said, "no," very much
to the reporter's astonishment, no doubt.
Of course, if there had been anything in
the story the colonel would have
promptly admitted it.
Ttw, New York Recorder wants the
republicans of that state to nominate a
farmer for governor. They nominated
Farmer Warner Miller in 1888 and Far
mer Ira Davenport in 1885, and both
proved soft marks for the democrats.
If there are any more republioan
farmers left in the state who want to
get into the field against Roswell P.
Flower, by all means trot them out.
THt most encouraging word we have
heard for the Ohio democrats comes
from Murat Ialstead, who predicts that
McKinley will have a big majority.
This is the same Mr. Halstead whose
vociferousness two years ago
brought about the defeat of Foraker.
McKinley is a strong man but if Hal
stead turns loose for him the democrats
will stand a good show of electing their
TaH money stringency in England,
which has been long continued and se
vere, will be a good thing for the people
of that country if it brings them around
in favor of bi-metallism. England now
sees that she needs more money and
some of her leading financiers seem half
inclined to favor an international coin
age arrangement. If England would
join us in the free coinage of silver that
problem would be speedily solved.
PRESIDENT OIAKER, on behalf of the
Northern Pacific railroad company, has
generously offered 6340 acres of land to
the artesian well company at a merely
nominal price. This is equivalent to a
handsome cash subscription. If water
is found on the land the stockholders in
the enterprise will realizo handsomely
from the investment. Now lot the small
balance of the Helena fund be speedily
raised and work begin at once.
Wno are the Montana democrats who
are reported to have been in conference
with the lion. Pat Kelly, of Minnesota, 1
and Col. McShane, of Nebraska, with a 0
view of bringing out Chief Justice'
Fuller as a presidential candidate? So c
far as we know, all the great men of -
Montana are at home with the excep
tion of the Hon. Marcus )Daly, who has
been buying faster steppers than the
chief justice would prove to be, at the
WE are with Senator (Gorman in most
things, but not in favor of his proposi
tion to have the national denmocrartic
convention meet in Baltimore next year.
It is a very uncomfortable place in the
summer time, besides being on lthe
wrong side of Mason and Dixon's line.
New York would be better than that;
but it would be wise to keep away from
that city for political reasons. )Detrioit
would be a good piaco and so wouli
Chicago; but if the republicans go tr,
Minneapolis it mnight lie wise policy for
the democrats to go them ,no ibetter in
reaching fir the vote of the west and
have their crr,vnction iin I)nver.
T'ln; Blri. '. Lade committlo, who
waiteild iluon !' . .,ht I:ks yesterday
certainly l ft tihe unpression with dthn
gentleman that lleitni is roused to the
importance of comlmnrding tihe trade of
the Cicur d'Aleno country. \Vo belie '.
the Northern Pacific Railroad iCOmpany
intends to do all it can in fairness for
our people, and lbhat I'r.;idlnt (ake.:
will make good his umrnrarlce of no-lopr
ating with our business mon. 'lhe.
Northern Pal:fie's excursion frrlom the
Cetur d'Alenes to this city arnd ithe re
turn visit of llelona's leading rmen to
that region will be prodluctivre f much
good to Helena.
As wE feared, getting up in the
middlo of the night to go to Missoula
las produced nervous irritation in the
systenls of our esteemedl coonterrrlrlori:rrr
the Miner and the, Standard. It uni
pears that the Standard hasl been cn-,
necting with the train from Iuttie Ii
lmens of a ciyllso ealnd a road w\vagonl
But I his outlit becoming mirnd, the ,|l
ployes of tihat iipaper now run at handl ear
over to the train on tihe Montatn L'n
ion tracks. Norw we call that it a noust
praiseworthy enterprise, and we do not
me why the Miner should feel called
upon to say: "A frog seeking to win ap
plause by bopplag upon a track over
which Tenny is about to ran; a battered
scow floating an the waters which are
about to be plowed by an ocean racer; a
cow on the track in front of a lightning
express, and the Anaconda Standard
waddling across the road over which the
Miner is scheduled are not uncommon
But really, is the struggle worth while
on the part of either of our contempo
raries? The good people of Missoula
only have to wait a very few hours to
get a complete newspaper in Tax INDa
PErND)NT, which, by not subjecting itself
to an undue strain, and by obtaining all
the news, manages to keep good-natured
305 days in the year.
COOKERY AND CRIMR.
What is it that recruits the criminal
classes of the civililed world, and popu
lates the cells of penitentiaries? Orig
inal sin, replies some pious opponent of
1)r. Briggs, and goes on his way rejoic
ing that be is not as other men are; or
at least that other men have not found
out the secret similarity. The ignorance
of the masses, shrieks some perfervid
enthusiast of education, who resolutely
shuts his eyes to baccarat games at
I'rauby Croft, and mildly smiles on the
peccadillooes of the "upper crust." Bad
cooking, declares Professor Egleston, of
('olumbia college, and we tally one for
the professor. Crime and vices, it is his
belief, are the result of diseased condi
tions. The average criminal is in such
a condition of body and mind that he
has no desire to lead an honest life.
And the mental attitude is in much the
natural result of physical conditions.
Indigestible, badly prepared food pro
duces intiammation of the stomach and
of all the organs of the body. That
again is a condition of things that pre
disposes to excesses of all kinds, to a
craving for stimulants, physical and
mental. Result, man descends to the
level of the brute.
In the professor's theory there is
much food for thought. As the old say
ing puts it, the ideal man is possessed of
a sound mind in a sound body. We
have been trying to make ideal men for
a good many years now, and we seem to
te as far as ever from the goal we aim
at. Our efforts have been lop-sided.
We have been devoting nearly all our
attention to the mental and moral de
velopment, and practically neglecting
the other. Pious people have wandered
through the slums of our great cities,
and have hoped to appease the terrible
throes of destitutions and hunger with
a namby pamby tract. It would have
been as wise to try to check
the Missouri in flood by throw
ing a pebble into its waters.
Mrs. Partington did her level best to
drive back the Atlantic with a mop, but
the result was not a shining success.
Sometimes, it is true, charitable effort
made a desperate attempt to pass the
"take no thought for to-morrow" Rubi
con, and established the soup kitchen.
The soup kitchen failed to cope with
the flood of crime, and its failure was
not unmerited. The idea was good;
the execution bad. It supplied relief; it
never attempted to teach self help;
and the shadow of the religious tract
always brooded over it.
That is not the gospel of the kitchen
that the professor is preaching. IIe is
a scientist, and he looks at the matter
from a scientific, a physiological and a
social point of view. Hie would build up
the bodies of mei, women and children,
and leave 'it to others to produce the
mental and moral conditions they de
siderate. If the poorly-paid classes can
thoroughly nourish their bodies and
satisfy their appetites at an expenditure
of a small part of their small in
come. it is perfectly plain that the
temptation to robbery, by violence or
cunning, will be materially reduced.
Under ordinary conditions, the wage
earners of this country average an ex
penditure of 75 per cent. of their incoume
in food. Bly following the methods ad
vocated by the professor, they can be
better nourished at a cost equaling
only 10 per cent. of their earning capac
ity. Sixty-five per cent. will be left for
other purposes. More living rooms,
purer air, more light, separation of the
sexes, these are only a few of the many
benefits that would accrue to the cause
of health and morals. Better than all,
improved food would iiean improved
men and wonmen, and the diminution of
the ranks of our criminals.
Though territorially, perhaps, the largest
ward in the city, but a slight proportion of
the population of Helena have an idea of the
wealth of that section of the city and the
important part it bears in the town's
growth. Eight or ten years ago there were
a few fair residences in the Sixth, but
whero the big business is now done, ranch
ors raised hay "tud other produce. With
the cominu of the Northern Pacific rail
road and the establishment of depots, gen
oral offices, round-housoe, repair shops. and
store houses of various kinds, a great clhange
bas come. in that vicinity all the large
mercantile lhouses in Hielena have their
warehouses, the cool, woord and lumber bus
n0es finds ti(.t i1 it 111 h iquartirs, and milaei
if side tracks reduce largely the expense
of receivin atnd shipping good;s.
In this ward also is the luren
heor and planing mill district and the
largest mane factories in Ilifona. In ad
dition to being the wholevIle and IaltIu
facturing ward, it ihas al. griown rapidly in
the matter of re-sidenceo tadl retail stokes.
The huLdredIl of iiiell employed by the rail
ro0td annd il other callings is a rule livie inr
the Sixth, arid there lha1s grown up bothi
north and south of the track a Inarge nunm
Iir' of cozy residoenes, stlll'hy owned )by
their ocecupnts. Of hotels theore are,.
ecor;,, froll the Grand I'acltir., i.s tlealt and
Iconvelioent a hIotlery as1 thre ii s tywhore,
down( to tile cheap depl,t hltel. In the ri -
tail busirnes every litle mc relirl.llrentl.
With two lines of street cars ru Iatllln up
townll, the trade of the Iotailers is s. llowlllt
affected, but on the whole tlhey doi a i.o,d
business, Iand will averaKge 111p tlmonth ill kirld
moth (lut with stires farthelr llIu towal.
T'lhe is an exrellent chance for the city
fa:thrs to do so01lm glood work in the Sixth
Iy tllirng ip till, ud holee which amboundl
in certain localities.
I he big transfeir colpaniesc thelroe lavm
their iiornsl within c IIvenimlt distanl,,ce of
thel depolt nlld tile w;tarehouses, and fromn
iearly morn till night their trucks arme il;oe
ing. Comlmencomg on the east the lie t
warehouse os that of LI. Nicholson & Co.,
wholesale dealers in grainr , ftit and pro
dueo; then comes Morie,StSlea e i nson,
hay and grain; Union Mereantil 0.s, gro
ceriesl Jas. MoMillan & 0, holesl; Molter
Hardware Co., Bach, Cory & Co., graceries;
A. J. Davidson & Co., hides and agrid a.lturl
implementsr and Chas, and Fred Ibemaý.
Every day there comes into lt61h. from
the east and west over the Northern Pactilo
from fifteen to thirty freight cam loaded
with goods for the home dealers- Helena
merchant send to Maryaville every day a
car of goods they send two every day to
Boulder and Wiekes, and eerv othe day
one to Rimini. In addition they send out
every day a train of what te known as "ped
dlers," made up of nine or twelve oars.
These go to every station on the west to the
The amount of goods received by Helena
merohants is sarprisingly large, compared
to the population, and proves cooelurively
that this is the great wholesale mart of Mon
tana. There is one grocery firm whlch av
erages four cars of goods daily, and still
its warehouse is never overstocked. From
January to date Helena merchants have re
ceived forty cars of oranges, eonting $88,000,
on which the freight was $10,000. During
the same time they have shipped in twenty
cars of lemons, valued at $86,000. From
July 1 to Dec. 31, they will receive forty cars
of small fruits of various kinds, from out
side the state, and about three cars raised
on Montana soil. From this city these or
anges, lemons and fruits go to every town
and mining oamp in the state. For its size,
Helena has the reputation among growers
east and west of being the greatest fruit
city in the United States.
There has been a big increase in the value
of realty in the Sixth since the ward was
established. When the Northern Pacific
frst came into Helena the best warehouse
property could be bought for $10 a foot.
Now it is worth from $100 to $150 a foot.
North of the depot residence lots were
worth $2.50 a foot. Now they bring $25.
Sonth of the depot and along Helena ave
nune the rise has been as marked.
In addition to the warehouses of the mer
chants the big planing establishments are
ocated in this district. These comprise
the Helena Lumber company, Gilchrist
Brothers & Edgar, the Montana Lumber
and Manufacturing company, Wallace &
ThornburgJLumber company, and Ketchum,
De Noille & Co. All of these establish
ments have large lumber yards in conneo
tion, and give employment to a great num
ber of men,
Down in the Sixth also is the Perry soap
factory, Sanford & Evans flour mill, the
sewer pipe works and the gas plant. As
other manufactories are started, they will
naturally, in a large majority of cases, go
down that way, due to the convenient rail
way facilities both of the Northern Pacific
and Great Northern. On a bright day a
stroll through the Sixth is worth the
trouble, and it will give the visitor a bettor
idea of the business transacted by the
people of Helena with outside camps, than
can be obtained in any other way.
MILLIONS IN IT.
Litho-Carbon and Its Advent Into the
Everybody looks at J. K. Pardee's shoes.
Lately the attention bestowed upon them
has been somewhat embarrassing to him,
but it is no joke. As Pardee says himself,
'there's millions in it." No ordinary shine
ornaments Mr. Pardee's footwear. It is
the latest thing in the market and patent
leather is "not in it" with litho-carbon.
Mr. Pardee discovered his shoe polish in
Texas. When he passed the shoe polishing
stands on Main street yesterday the polite
attendants forgot their usual inquiry of
"Shine 'em up, sir?" and gazed in astonish
ment at the brilliant appearance of the
mining man's well-fitting shoes. While in
the corridor of The Helena yesterday the
discoverer of the lithe-carbon mine in
Texas drew up one foot and brushed the
shoe with a white handkerchief without
soiling the linen. He told one of his friends
all about his discovery and the company
he has incorporated to put the litho
carbon on the market. Litho-carbon's
physical properties are those of an in
tensely black semi-solid mass, tasteless and
odorless, resisting the action of water,
acids and alkalies, non-inflammable, non
volatile and unchangeable under any natu
ral degree of heat or cold, and capable of
resisting a considerable degree of artificial
heat without change. It is a non-conductor
of heat and electricity of high order. Ex
periments have been made which show its
uses in the commercial world to be mani
fold, and its various applications must
produce an important, if not startling, in
fluence on many industries.
Mr. Pardee's company hold letters patent
covering, as a product, the processes of ex
traction, treatment and all uses of litho
oarbon. Among the uses to which it will
be put are positive insulators, black var
nishes, japans, paints, substitute for hard
rubber and horn, gutta percha and rubber
tissue, water, acid and alkali-proof vessels
of wood-nulp; a water-proof and peculiarly
tenacious varnish for leather, producing
the effect of patent leather; water, acid and
alkali-proof bricks; water, acid and alkali
proof pipes of iron, paper or wood-pulp, and
Litho.enrbon, always perfectly flexible,
can be rolled out to the thinness of tissue
paper, and in that condition it possesses all
the properties of gutta-percha at d rubber
product, without the offensive odor and
sensitiveness to heat and cold that belong
to the latter. In this form it can te used
in the manufacturo of water-proof gar
ments, ladies' dress shields and the very
many other devices of cloth for which there,
is a demand. The saturation of any lknd
of cloth with a solution of litho-carbon
makes that fabric absolutely water-proof.
also non-oxidizable. For the lmanufacture
of raaekintoshes, belting, hose. tarpaul:ns,
etc., it poisessess all the valuable qualities
of rublber, without any of the odors or dle
structiblo characterlsties of that material.
It can also be used for lining beer vats and
barrels and imaniy othler uses.
'the Litho-Carbon cosmpany has been or
gatnizid with ai capital stock of i5,i5t,ol)00
in 5,+,01(f sharles f $I(f) ech, and incorpo
rated under the laws of New Jersey. Mr.
l'ardoe is the general superintendelnt of the
company. 'lThe general otlice is in Now
York city and thi Jersey City oflice is 45
Mlrontgouiary street. Mr. 'Pardoe will leave
Montana in the fall and hrve charge or' til:e
iiir., which is abiut minety miles northeast
of ntn ;Antonio. 'Texas. 1Ii will. Lowi ver.
retain his interests in his property here.
MONEY T? LOAN
I am prepared to makn loanpo promrtly on 1K.
PROViiD iJRO1IHTY in the,
CITY OF HELENA,
Ranches in Jontana.
go dulayf. Fun'lr always on haul. Corrospond.
I T. 8 . 1 'A L11ER.
Rbo m lt, MroIn itn Noational Bank Blllldint
MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED
N . McCONNELL,
Architect and Superintendont
uOrnaa 26 and 7. third floor Montana National
Prompl~a'tenwfor wivon t., ordore frsom olianis
at ton, "r alr:, I. ly trict attntlion to I, hsl.
nrraR I Ilr ln to n-t 1I Iai (o tpatrnoan, o olf.,,,ts
I'dfnrt th" ", h ...,ofany and all who
may n dy n" I n , pxct no ardhihte"t anl
'tt~ia,.aud,e"wt "fth uexrtion of lioildingo.
bau 'Iidot aiz wiwgll wtnc uc 00 i5 *hutt>tol unit
' "S.ppo of avy Qu*Glptlon no to aheftanr UV
HE DEJVER BUILD1iJQ,.
* Broadway and Warren St.
NOW READY FOR OCCUPANCY!
The DENVER is steam heated throughout, and has
every improvement. Tenants are wanted for ONE
STORE, complete with every convenience. Also for
Offices and Apartments on second and third floors.
WALLACE& THORNBURGH, Agents,
At their New Offices, in the Sec
ond Floor Denver Building,
Broadway and Warren St, Helena, Montana
- Dealers in
Complicated Watch Repairing,
Artistic Engraving, Jewelry
Manufactured to Order. Mon
tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew
BALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK,
" 27 Main Street.
2,000 ACRES, well improved
and thoroughly irrigated, on
fine range, at $6 PER ACRE.
Also FORTY HORSES. Cheap
est property in Montana.
BARGAINS IN HELENA REAL ESTATE.
W, E. COX. .AESTATE.
Room 14 and 15, Gold Blo
A. G. LOMBARD,
Room 4:t. Montana National ,ank Baildifn.
_Rearvl.irr CWanls anr Irri.ation a Speoialt*.
To pass that you can't tell the
n difference between the suits we
have in Ready Made and the ones
0- made by fashionable merchant .
tailors. The fact is, the tailor
, gets the credit for having made A
d those we sell, just as soon as they a
. leave our store.
Our stock of Summer Suits is
still unbroken. Make your se
lections now. uo
GANS & KEEIN ;
N. B.---We will give a Fine N
Ž Nestable Dinner Pail to every
person making a Cash Purchase :
of $10 or over.
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