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U lamttbae at the risk of subscriber ales mode by registered letter, check. or postal or ex pres erder, papable to The Indepeadet P~a Ideing Company. WIlPersoea desirdin the Iinoairmuw earrved at their homee or place ef bsianees can order by postal carder throgh telephone Ne. 100. Plea.e report cUes of Irregular delivery promptly. Advertiermeats, to insure prompa inrrti.o. should be handed in before a p. m. Rejected communications not returnable un less postage is eolosed. TERIMS OF rSUUasIO PTION. ST MAIL. Daily [inoluding Sunday] per year... ......10 00 Daily [inclading SandayJ six months...... 5 00 Daily [inoluding Sunday] three months.... 2 50 Daily (excluding Sundayrl per year......... 9 00 Daily (excluding Sunday] per month..... 75 Sunday only Lin advancel per year......... 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 00 Daily by carrier, per week, Leaven isus]u.. 25 HELENA, MONT., JUNE 29. 1891. HEL.Montanians abroad will always find Tas DAIL lNDLPrNDwrN on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, New York: West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, San Franoisco; McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Springfield. Ill. TURN ABOUT, . Mr. Cleveland's speech at the com mercial club dinner in Providence on Saturday was a strong presentation of one of the greatest evils that imperil the stability of popular government. He showed how from general legislation for the many the tendency had been strong -uncontrollably so-toward private and special legislation, until great combina tions of individual interests have virtu ally usurped the functions of govern- a "ment to such a degree that our law- r makers are little more than executors of the decrees of corporate and individual t will. Mr. Cleveland was right in saying c that the people have a right to claim c from their representatives undivided at tention to the great objects of legisla- e tion in which the entire country is in- c terested. Unfortunately, however, the t people have been careless in exercising t that right, and they have consented to a send to congress men who have been se- t lected for them by corporations and trusts and combines--men who have other masters than the people, and to whom the public weal is always second- c ary. But the evil has not stopped there. E Constituencies themselves have become, t if not corrupt, at least thoroughly self- t ish. They have come to take perverted views of the objects of government and i to look upon it as a means of enriching the favored few who can influence legis lation. A Boston steamship company knocks at the doors of the capitol and asks for a subsidy for carrying the mails o in order that it may pay fat dividends to its at)ckholders. Immediately other companies in New York, Baltimore and San Francisco, naturally jealous of their own interests, make similar demands for bounties. The next step is a far reaching all-powerful combination which carries all before it and siezes and divides millions of the people's money among the interests in the pool. A still more pointed illustration is found in our tariff legislation. Look at the McKinley bill, for example. Is there one intelligent person in the United States to-day who believes that to be an honest, fair or just measure? We venture to say not one-least of all McKinley himself, who is a man of brains and sense and knows under what stress and duress and threat many of the schedules were adopted at the dic tation of "protected" interests who would ruin if they could not rule. How the binding twine trust, and the steel rail trust, and the white lead trust, and a hundred other trusts, joined hands to force up prices far beyond even the war tariff, the whole world knows. The in side facts of this disgraceful piece of legislation are now matters of history. Yet in spite of the remarkable uprising of last year we shall see the old familiar I lobby back in Washington next winter clamoring for the extension of the charmed circle, demanding on behalf of other interests and individuals that they too shall be enriched by the simple process of piling more taxes on the people. Mr. Cleveland very properly and em phatically insists that this tendency shall be checked, that 'seltish motives shall be exposed, that our lawmakers shall cease to give special interests un due consideration. But the remedy must go further than that. We must bring our government back to its old nmoorings, restore its true functions which the fathers of the republic so clearly outlined, and which many of us of to-day seem to see through haze and fog that strangely distort thenm. Ava rice and cupidity must be taught that they must not lay their impious hands on the ark of the covenant, that our government was framed to enrich no man, but simply to give poor antl rich, weak andt strong, equal opportunri ties utder the law. It looks like an easy lesson, but, alas! how far short this generation has fallen of learning it! Supplose a new nmiundmcint Twerec proiosed to oiur consttiutio)n proividing that heniceforthi no indlividual or class interest shioull be enricthed by special legislation? The suggestion 'Il sti wo uld, seem rovoluttonary. Ye't the tihurn is comning wiheu our lIwmatking powers must be governed by that principle, or our governmernt will become the miost extraviagant iand tlh moust cotrrupt oni earth. We mIust not only stop the old ship in her course, as Mr. Clevoland suggests; wi, must tack. A aIIEAT CEiNSI'S. There are a few sociological and andm in istrative problems in which Britain can give tl)ints to this country. Honest confession is good for thie soul, and we may as well add to the balance at thie credit of our psychic account, when we have no alternative. In the matter of census-taking the old country's lead is especially noticoabele. There is, of course, no intrinsic reason why the dif ferencet should exist. Physically, we are as capable of performing thorough work as they are. In the mattter of inventive ability and utetlodical attack, no true American would think for a moment of yielding thie palm to the Britishler. But between the systems of the two coun tries, there is one essential, all-impor taut diferenoa When the British govw ernment starts out to take a cenasus, it starts to take a census. We do not. Aooording to the gospel of Benjamin Harrison and his administration, the primary object of the decennial census in the United States is, not to obtain statistics of the growth of population, industries, etc. The real reason for its existence is the opportunity it provides for allotting fat berths and luorative sineoures to ward politicians and men of similar caliber. A suitable provision for Robert Porter and his ftellows is of far more importance than any trifling matter of accurate statistics and correct returns. Naturally, the results are in direct ratio to the methods employed. Contrast the census recently taken of the population of the British Indian possessions. It is absolutely difficult to grapple with the meaning of the under taking. But when we learn that the completed returns show in British India a population of 220,500,000, and in the feudatory states under British control a grand aggregation of no less than 65, 500,000 souls, we slowly begin to grasp the immensity of the work accomplished. And yet the census was completed in a single day, and more than a million enumerators were engaged in the task. A grand total of 286,000, 000 people, nearly one-fifth of the world's entire population. In the extent of territory covered, in the grand total of statistical informa tion secured, and in the admirable methods employed, this Indian census is without a rival in modern times. Industries, we gather, flourish in Hin dostan. The native has proved himself an apt and painstaking pupil, and his rapid and skillful manipulation is sim ply wonderful. Indian cotton already threatens the dominance of the Ameri 3an supply. As a natural result the zountry furnishes proof of a tendency that we ourselves find on the increase avery year. The urban population is -onstantly increasing at the expense of the rural districts. Educational facili bies, improved means of communication, and the conveniences of modern civiliza Lion are all important factors in helping to accelerate the same result. We recently referred in these col umns to the gigantic irrigation works :ompleted under the auspices of the British authorities in India. The sta tistical tables furnish proof of what these works have accomplished in sus taining a high percentage of population in purely agricultural districts. The province of Bengal is not one twenty third part of the size of the United States. But it contains a population greater by nine millions than that of our own republic. It average 474 per sons to the acre, and that computation includes swamp and desert land. If we include only agricultural land, Bengal supports on every square mile of her soil 715 individuals, and that almost ex clusively by means of agricultural pur suits. Another farmer's province, that of Oude, provides for 412 persons to the square mile. Such results show to what extent irrigation may be profitably em ployed in the conquest of natural diffi culties. What the British government has accomplished for IIindostan, the grit of Montanians should some day ac complish for their own state, and place it in the forefront of agricultural, as well as mineral production. TiEr esteemed Journal thinks it has discovered a remarkable degree of silence on the wool question on the part of democratic newspapers. Perhaps they are all keeping mum and awaiting that great rise in price that never came. By the way, what does our e. c. have to say in answer to the statement of the Home Market club, of Boston, that the high duty on a grade of wool, which must be mixed with our native wools and which cannot be produced here, lowers the price of native wool, without cheapen ing the cloth, and makes the manufac ture of clothing so expensive as to re strict the demand; whereas if those grades were admitted free, the price of cloth could be reduced from 20 to 25 cents on the yard, and an increase of probably two cents per pound be paid for native wool? The Home Market club is a good stiff protectionist body, too. HARPER'S FOR JULY. The frontispiece to Harper's magazine for July is a fine portrait of Oliver Wen dell Hlmeas, engraved by Closson from a recent photograph. George William Cur tis, in an interesting and appreciative arti cle on D)r. Holmes and his works, takes the occasion to review the condition of Amer ican literature sixty years ago, when the "Autociat of the Breakfast Table" gave his paper to the public. Walter Besant's sec ond paper on London deals with the Saxon and Norman periods, and presents many interesting facts relative to the customs, trades, occupations, religious faith, and daily life of the people of the metropolis during those times. Numerous illustra tions of ioiiluments, churches, arms, and seals, and other remains of that period, en hance the value of this important article. The superb aeries of artioie. on "The War wickshire Avon," written by A. T. Q.uillor Couch, and illustrated by Alfred Parsons, is brought to a close. In his tenth paper on the Spanish-American republics, Theodore Child gives a graphic description of "The lepublic of Paraguay," a country about which Americans have hitherto had but lit tie accurate information. The article is appropriately supplemented by a nmap and numerous illustrations. William Dean ltowells begins in this number a new novel, entitled "An Imperative Duty," which, in account of its treatment of certain social and ethnical problems, promises to be a work of peculiar and extraordinary inter eat. The second instalmcent of George du 1 Maurier's remarkable romanlce, "Peter L Ibbutson," sustains the favorable impres sions produced by the opening chapters. Fourteen illustrations from the author's own drawings add to its attractiveness. Col. T. A. Dodge's third paper on "Some American Rtiders" relates to cowboys and a the Mexican valqueros, and is handsome ly illustrated from paintings by Frederic IRemington. Brander Matthews contributes a piquant article on "Briticisms and Ameri k canisms,"which will commend itself to every e student of language, and especially to every lover of good English. The Rev. J. Mt. Buckley, I). I)., in a timely paper on "Christianity and Socialism," discusses the relationship of religion to the current prob lems of human socUety. Besidea the two serials already mentioned. the fiction of this number ineludes a story entitled "The Episode of the Marques de Valddiles," written by Thomas A. *anvier, and lUue trated by W. T. Smedley, and a peculiarly original sketch, "Dad's Grave," by J. Ed win Smith, a new Canadian writer. The editorial departments, oonduotedby George William Curtis. William Dean Howells, and Charles Dudley Warner, maintain their usual standard of excellence. CROSS-CUTS. "I know," said a homely woman in At chison, "that that woman cannot have good sense, she is so good-looking."-Atchison Globe. "I feel all dun up," said the helpless debtor when the last collector for that day politely asked about his health.-Washing ton Star. Never speak ill of anybody; you do just as much execution with a shrug of the shoulders or a significant look.-Milwaukee sentinel. Miss New York-Do you think he is a real count, papa? Mr. New York-No, I think he is a sort of a Porter census count.-Washington Star. A Georgia editor, who says that the weather is too warm to write editorials, places the following at the head of his col umns: "Free Schools, Free Ballot, Free Silver, Free Whisky." Tartly--"Doctor, what do you think is the matter with my wife?" Dr. Bias-"I am sorry to say, sir, that I fear she is losing her reason." Tartly-"I thought as much when they told me she had sent for you." -Boston Courier. Tourist No. 1 (male)-That Indian is a fine specimen of a fellow. See how he car ries himself. Tourist No. 2 (female)-Yes; and see how he lets his wife carry everything else. Yonkers Statesman. Friend (to prohibitionist)-I suppose you'd hate to have a lot of your prohibition brethren catch you in a saloon? Prohibitionist-Yes; it would go mighty hard with me. I'd have to buy drinks for the crowd.--Brooklyn Life. A notice upon the window of a north Georgia postoffice: "When you Kum for Yore Male hav Pashuns Know Shootin around the PostofiBse duren busneis ours by oardur of the Postmaster his sine and Seal Chikens bhot on Kommission." Mr. Marry Rich sat toying with his wife's bank book while he waited her appearance for a drive. "What have you been doing, dearest?" she asked sweetly. "I have been counting the ours," he answered softly, as he joined her.-Detroit Free Press. A well appreciated compliment. Mr. Manhattan (visiting in Chicago): Your mamma is truly remarkable for her poise, Miss Livewayt. Miss Livewayt: Yes, indeed. Mamma is no slough at pastry. Her minces and pastry are always Al.- New York Continent. The current cause celebre has been util ized ingennionsly by a tobacconist at Leeds, England, whose name happens to be Wil son. During the last few days sandwich men have been walking round the streets with the following query: "Where do you get your baccar-at? Why, Wils.!n's." ATCHISON GLOBULES People devote too much time looking at the clock. The more you admire a thing the more trouble it will make you. Everybody is willing to help those who try-there are so few of them. A man's temper is like a fly-it is full grown the moment it appears. The most humble woman in the world is conceited through her children. The worst thing about life is that there are so many who are too old to start over again. Nothing makes a married man so mad as to hear his wife speak of her half of his money. A man who will li. for himself without hesitation will recoil with horror from lying for you. 'To-morrow should rever come; all that it does is to prove to a man that he was a fool yesterday. No man can be everything his neighbor thinks he ought to be; unless he is ashamed of himself all the time. When you see a man who has the same opinions he had early in life, it is a sign that he is a fool and can not learn. No woman ever admires a man so much after he has made a confidante of her and toll her of his love for another woman. If you hear a man roaring you may know it is a dollar in question: when you hear a woman making a fuss it is evident that some one has been talking about her children. We once knew a pious woman who was always confessing to the Lord that she was a great sinner, but she was never known to admit a mistake of any kind to any one else. Never tell a man to be good to himself. It is just that many words wasted, for there never was a man who was not good to him self. It is the one thing that every man ex cels in. You can not talk to awoman half an hour without discovering what religion she af facts; you can talk with a man forever with out discovering that he has a religious be lief of any kind.-Atchison Globe. Firewortks. A complete line of fireworks for vublic and private displays at lowest prices, whole sale or retail. LirDSAY & Co., Lrir. Fourth of July Hales. As neual the Union Pacific will sell tickets from all stations to neighboring cities at one and one-fifth fare _'r the round trip Call on or write to me for particulars. H. O. Wirs ,rN, Agent Unionll Pacific System. 28 North Main Street. n hone of tile beit ntusleat talent in the. cily at I'eterlnranul's .Juvenile Orchestra prrforhmance on Jul!y . Troop A, Attention? L Members of troop A, N. U. M.; are hereby ordered to report at tihe arsenal, Sunday afternoon, June 28, at three o'clock, inl l fatigue uniform. Very inportnt that thrt all Sbe present. No excuses. By order of WM. Z ri'ruw, (Captain. Attest: F. K. O()snoaN., First Sergeant. l'Petrernlllln'.l Juvenllro Orcllestrraasselsled ba y hills ther pupllls, at 3nllllg'h, )lert Itolle, July 2. MONE TO L AN I am prepared to make loanH promptly on I i. d PROVED I'ROPIEIlT'Y in the a CITY OF HELENA, s -All- Ranches in Jlontana. i o delays. Funds always on hand. Correspond. ence solliited. e I-I. B. PALME R. . Iloo m 15, Merleh nt National Bank lBuiliigi f MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED HE DEJ\IVER BUILDIJVq, * Broadway and Warren St. NOW READY FOR OCCUPANCY! The DENVER is steam heated throughout, and has every improvement. Tenants are wanted for ONE STORE, complete with every convenience. Also for Offices and Apartments on second and third floors. APPLY TO WALLACE & THORNBURGH, Agents, At their New Offices, in the See ond Floor Denver Building, Broadway and Warren St., Helena, Montana JACQUEMIN &'CO. WATGHJVIAKERS, - JEWELERS, - SILVEJSMITHS. Dealers in DIAMONDS. WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. RANCH! 2,000 ACRES, well improved and thoroughly irrigated, on fine range, at $6 PER,: ACRE. Also FORy, IhO.,srE-s. Cheap est property in Montana. BARGAINS IN HELENA REAL ESTATE. W, N. COX. REAL ESTATE Room 14 and 15, Gold Blo A. G. LOMBARD, -C0ivil Exnggizeer. I Room 4i, Montana National Bank Building. ) (R'trvirn, ('rn e'., r i Ir.l tcou a n 0rneialty. If.ltsa .I Ypraz .tiC:al (es rmwun re. LEADING CLOTHIERS. IT HAS COME S To pass that you can't tell the E c difference between the suits we have in Ready Made and the ones 0 made by fashionable merchant oo tailors. The fact is, the tailor o n gets the credit for having made . those we sell, just as soon as they -A O leave our store. 0 Our stock of Summer Suits is still unbroken. Make your se lections now. VU c) GANS & KLEIN (a N. B.---We will give a Fine c o . Nestable Dinner Pail to every 0 person making a Cash Purchase o of $10 or over. o HELENA, MONTANA.