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Bselttances at the risk of subscriber unless made b, registered letter, check, or postal or ex pres order, payable to ' lho Independent Pub ishiag Company. (IW'Persone desiring the INDEPND.(wT served at their homes or place of business can order by potal card or through telephone No. 100. Pleaso report cases of irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insure prompt insertion, sheuld be handed in before 8 p. m. Rejected communications not returnable an lees postage is enclosed. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. B. NATT.. Daily [including fnndayI per yoar.......... 510 00 Daily lincluding iundayl six months...... 5 00 Daily [inoluding SundayI three months.... 2 50 Daily [excluding Sunday I prr year......... 0 00 Daily lexcluding Sundayl per month..... 7 Sunday only tin ad:van| I per year......... 2 50 Weekly [in advanco onlyI tsr year........ 2 00 Daily by carrier, per week, iseven issues.. 5 HELENA, MONT., JU LY 4. 1891. $P"Montanians abroad will always find Tae DAILY INDrPENDNT'r on ilo at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York; West. Minneatpolis: Haldwin and Palace, Ban Francisco; McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Springfiold. 111. IT is asserted that on his recent visit to the White house the warhorse recited to the president his favorite piece-- "What constitutes a state- -delegation!" No ot:NERAT, celebration of the Fourth will take place in Hoelena to-day. But the very best of amusement will be afforded at the Broadwater and there will be accommodations for all. As soon as the Fourth has passed let all the people begin to think of the best way to represent Montana at the World's fair. Her resources properly set forth at that time will bring millions to the state. OCCASIONALL, the mother-in-law vin dicates herself. Now comes Delia Stew art Parnell and expresses belief that her son's wife is a 1pure woman, and that not a "single stigma can be cast on my son for marrying Mrs. O'Shea." Onto flockmasters are urged to vote for McKinley for governor. And yet the bill which he prepared and which he succeeded in piloting through congress is now in effect and the price of wool has gone down three cents a pound in Ohio. BISMARCK htas denied the report that old Emperor William was on the point of forcing him to withdraw, because he had become too headstrong. The young emperor is authority for the report. An open rupture between the deposed chancellor and his king seems unavoid able and imminent. Occ more the Chicago Tribune makes itself the laughing stock of the journalistic world. It has endorsed Maj. McKinley with all the energy of its reversible nature, and at the same time continues to denounce his tariff law as a species of robbery, which it is. The Tribune is as inconsistent as it is able. TiL iowa campaign will soon be under full headway. The men and the issues have been placed before the peo ple of the IIawkoye state. The repub licans have endorsed high taxes on farmers and free liquor for the cities, where prohibition is a farce. The dem ocrats advocate the reduction of taxes on farm products and necessaries in farm supplies, and the regulation of the liquor traffic so that it may bear its pro portion of the burdens uf civil govern- ment. FIerEEN years in solitary confinement! That seems to be a pretty severe penalty to put on Bardsley, ex-city treasurer of Philadelphia. Especially so as his co partners in guilt are in fair way to go scott free and enjoy the fruits of their ill-gotten gains. Most of the money held by Bardsley was lost in the Key stone btank failure, in which concern W;canan:lker held stock, despite his oath to the contrary. Two other high oi cials in the republican aldministration art implicated in that disastrous wreck in a dishonest capatcity -Comptroller Lacey and Bank Examinor Drew. No effort is under way to indict them, so far as the public is in'fortmed. Li.i: (hristmlais, the Fourth of July contis but once a year. I!. is preonl enttly the great ni:tlional holiday of the United States and its observance can never be too g.neral or too enthusiastic. Put out lhe ilags ori your housetop; put theml in tho Iihanids of your chlildren ant tleo hats of your babies. hluy Ilrererek ers and torpedoes to your nerres' grea t di; ,-,itent. 'Toucholf tbe asceenting rocket. Ihtrnan candle and tie l ihinding red lire. lot all the orators hold forth lolIogently of the gliris of thi -otuntry and of the Ihr. I'oo Iouiilti cannot be seall of thelm. Tlnliper rhaplsoiy ait h sounl advi(e. I'rophe'y lbhigs eve, In our1 tnsirvolill of the futurt ie.T lh g.aliest piople of te groeatest latio hi have ino raon to lt atthamt ed of 1the;r unt il ,otlid lay. Ii ,etlbrates thi It i st l.i iitintous polll ,; event in 0°,r;',1roti L.stors an eval. \nirt o .cIt t le lt t ai a ,lnc tll b aItdi Ih tutrll of .ill y I ; i t :iyt . 't',+tr; r:t, lled i ra rt 1uJlloiuu il has o.n io t .l p il..u'nd a -t .iinenlit sign.e I by, ,hd it-dawn and the iF~i',lro ,) - i intr in Ittil(te anil .\I llnalutdi ." Ntor dlos tliht plitler cim til ,o hae een aut irizo it y ler. illlgt i to nlike in1y' uch as.;ertion. let Zhe Inler sMun tati slik t tothe tlion. td.r. ltggini llndulted in per-:on 1 h1 m gotul i it a ,, ith 11r. ()take. If t., ]allter gentle 11l81 w\iS rblrtrary. Iftirc lit;i tn bloe, or exhibited t ine tll lu t tio t t I iltnjuro hi e great prolerties reireslented iby thn ftor lier, Mr. liaggin would llaie lit 1 be iknown before lhis. But lie hits given out no sucth iinfir ationil . Ihe liis stail lnot a word in Iconldemnatill iten of the Nort thorn Pacific tilw I l il tn' ptally, nor 01 its able president. Mr. (lakes. ()n tIl contrary, the lneottltinll t s were Carrie( olil ill a spirit oIf fairnei.s anti frieudli 1155s, and( they ended in like spirit anlid wore satisfactory to Mr. Ilaggin It is not generally understood that th, esteemed Inter.Mountain conduated any negotiations on the subject of Ana conda freight rates. On the other hand, it is understood that Mr. Haggin con ducted such negotiations. Nor is it generally understood that the esteemed Inter-Mountain owns a two-fifths inter est in the Anaconda properties, but it is believed by people oa the outside that Mr. IHaggin owns about that proportion. Now it is submitted to candid people that Mr. IIaggin's word would be more convincing than that of our veracious contemporary, the esteemed Inter Mountain. Let the Inter-Mountain call upon Mr. IHaggin to sustain its course in denouncing Mr. Oakes. Aye, there's the rub. Will the Inter-Moun tlain do it? The Inter Mountain dare not do it. Mr. Inagg:n has only words of commendation for Mr. Oakes. STEADILY ,LES. The census figures in relation to the growth of the colored population in the United States furnish (Gen. lrancis A. Walker with an interesting topic in the Forum. In all matters statistical the general is a recognized expert. In this special instance it is not only his figures that are worthy of notice. The deductions he draws from them are clear and convincing and are decidedly at variance with general popular belief. For example, he asserts that, contrary to a very common assumption, the colored element in our population is a steadily decreasing factor, even in the states where it has its strongest hold. That is a statement that will take a good many people by surprise. But, if the critic's figures are correct, and we see no reason to doubt their reliability --investigation of facts will convince the most sceptical of the truth of what he says. In 1790, the year of the first census, there was in this country a colored population of 757,209. In other words the slave element formed 19.3 per cent. of the entire population. The slave trade was abolished in the year 1800, and two years afterwards the cen sus showed a total of 1,377,808, or only 10 per cent. of the whole. That rate has never since been approached, and the figure is constantly tending downward. In 1850 the enumeration had reduced it to less than 16 per cent.; in 1860, a little more than 14 per cent.; in 1880, slightly over 13; and the last reckoning reduces it still further to a little less than 12. It may be urged that the colored race has not been recruited by the aid of immi gration, and that this fact alone is suf ficient to account for the diminution of ratio. But, as actual matter of fact, statistics show that the rate of increase among the negroes themselves his fallen off, and is failing to keep pace with the fecundity of the whites. Be tween 1810 and 1820 the rate of increase was 28.59 per cent. The decade from 1870 to 1880 returned 22.07, and within the last ten years the rate had fallen to 13.9 per cent. Within the same period, the entire population showed an average growth of 24.86. In slavery days the location of the colored population was entirely depen dent upon the residence of its owners and the occupation they followed. The natural home of the negro is, of course, f in a tropical climate, and his preference a is decidedly in favor of lowlying lands s rather than high. But these were c points on which it was not customary to consult a bondman. For example, DI)olaware, Maryland, Virginia, Ken tucky, Tennessee Missouri and several others were slave states. Not,, however, that any consider able portion of their surface was pecu liarly fitted for negro labor or negro life, but because in these states the "peculiar institution" was an appendage of social lignity, if it did not prove to be of economic profit. The cotton states formed a natural and effective contrast. In Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas and others, both climate and soil were much more suitable for the existence of the negro race and the profitable em ployment of its labor. General Walker deftly handles his census figures to prove how the distri bution of the colored race, left to its own volition, has steadily tended to correct the old enforced displacement. Within the last ten years, the increase in the cotton states reached the figure of 10 per cent. In the others, on the contrary, even when the District of Columbia is included, the increase was only 5ii per cent. Even one and the same state will show the influence of congenial sur roundings. In the low cotton lands in crease is distinctly general; in the Imuntainous regions, diminution in variably results. 'For example, Georgia ten years ago showed that 48.43 per cent of tlhe colored population throve upon land less than 500 feet above the sna lv-l. In 189l), the ratio had risen to 51.87. W\tii clise hlminatn and inluistrial i;t all i ,it wiouC ii it ld s Oi m ilt ar that "ii- im "r,-d rae(, Ias nil ijIci Jo iim portamnt r-estrictions in 1the matter of r i,' i itn. The ,,riter h imself Ib lieves that the lendtiitI.y ,will inircien-iild that lhe colored .mpulat ion "will be more- aml Imore h'rIwd ,il Ifroml tlmt higher an I -.Il'h r imcl into lirt low, lhot regiolns Lorderming on the 1(;lf of Mlixico." - verywhero in large cities, in thi, north and il the hilgh coiuntry, the ratto if muoraliiy aimon, tihe oloril ,popuiltion stmnds very hcmigh, uh-h IImghr than 1lut hI of the whites. In Nmuw ; rl. As, for '. erul l ol..h, rt h riieturns of last nIear gia ll a dmlth rate pter 1m,0 - 0 ol f 2i.. pcr -enI. for whiteus mi .lti for lthe colori d inhabi lmtii,: 2 i.N im an ' .l mvire the liguros for lialtimiore dulring ie sao Hie licriod. In "St. Lmui s 1..19 and :isl.78. In fa t, bul for a very high birth ralte, thI , ',l ore i ramc in the i'nTed -tates wluiil prah ticm i lly bol it i ltam l ill. In no Ipart of the cumntry care the nli groies gaining iupon tho whites. ()it lth oim trairy. ITihe amr sitadily retrograding in imimibers andil becminilg ta dhlninimimling famtor in the plopulation. iGerman Ai a",ri,-mn Teaeiher. CIN INNNAI'r, July :.-Thi (oermean-Ameri i canii l'aheers association adjourned to-day. d T'Ihe questiona of separate, schools for boys and girls was wiarnily disteiS.Hed and the (r- .Ocaution finally voted in favor of the separate edmctitieon of the se-es. A lpru Sposition against leassenilng tlhe influouace of e t.e German language was carried. THE JULY FORUM. The story of the fall 6f Bismarck, with greater detail than it has ever before been published, at least for English readers, Dr._ GeffOken, imperial privy counsellor, now tells in the July number of The Forum. The Iron Chancellor had, naturally per hapa, assumed that his long and valuable service and his great influence (amounting in many matters of state to control) over the old Emperor William pnd his retention during his brief reign by Frederick would insure his continued power under the young William II. Not only this, but he had for many years so conducted imperial affairs and so disposed of men about him as to make young Bismarck his suocessor, aim ing to establish an hereditary chancellor ship. From this high pinnacle of achievement and of expectation his sudden and unex pected dismissal is one of the most dra matic incidents in political history. The central idea in the critical review of Bismarck's career, made by Dr. Geffoken in this article is set forth in the following extract: "The true test of the highest order of statesmanship is its degree of success in forming a school. Such statesmen were Pericles, Casar, Charlemagne, Lord Chat ham, Washington, Pitt, Stein, and in our days, Cavour. When they died they left successors able to continue their work, and the reason is that they believed in institu tions rather than in men. * * * With Bismarck it was the reverse; he always ad hered to the Caesarian system - the 'one man' who undertakes to think for the whole people." He represented the corruption as well as the absolutist tendency of an order of monarchy that is now everywhere dead except in Russia. On the other hand, the young emperor, as described by Geffeken, in spite of his strongly military utterances, recognizes the fact that he is a constitutional monarch. An outline of the portrait of him, drawn by his privy councillor, is as follows: "William II. is undoubtedly the most re markable sovereign of the present time. He is a modern man, notwithstanding cer tain proclivities which still adhere to him, like pieces of the shell of an egg from which the bird has issued. With restless activity he seizes upon all questions 'which agitate our time, be they large or small. To-day he speaks on great European affairs, opens new issues to German commerce, and proclaims social reform; to-morrow he opens an art exhibition and takes a personal part in the performance of Wildenbruche's patriotic drama, The New Lord. He pre sides over his council and shows himself a ready debater, opens a. scholastic confer ence, laying down his educational plans, and indefatigably travels all over his coun try in order to see everything with his own eyes. Much in all this may be attributed to his active temper, but the moving prin ciple is undoubtedly the high conception of his duty as the first servant of the state." The Forum Publishing Company, New York. Gordon-Cumming crossed the string first in the consolation stakes, but Parnell made a pretty fair second.-New York World. "Nothing is left undone in this place to please our guests," remarked the restaurant keeper to the man who didn't want a rare steak.--Washington Star. Clericus: Have you any idea what makes Jobson such a sceptic? Cynicus: Yes; he says the disciples were all fishermen.-New York Heral. It does not take the college senior long to find out, after he has graduated, that he is again a freshman, and has to begin his struggles with the world in the alphabet class.-Baltimore American. Mr. Moody ridicules titles and saysMajor General Moses and the Hon. Abraham would have added nothing to the dignity of the great Hebrew law-giver, or to the grandeur of the father of the faithful. Mamma: Now, Pussie, you must go to nurse and tell her to put you to bed; it's past eight o'clock. Pussie: No, mummie, dear, it isn't; cook has just told me it is only half past.-Fun. For a Girl's Summer Trunk. If you wear a fluffy bang. you want your alcohol lamp. If you wear lace shoes you want a dozen pairs of shoe-strings. If you varnish or polish your shoes, you want a new bottle of blacking. If you are inclined to sunburn, you want a pot of strawberry cream or some cold cream. If you are fond of reading, you want your favorite books. If you ever use pins, you want a block of black ones and a paper of white ones. If you are a good girl and mend your clothes, you want some spools of thread, your needles, your thimble and some buttons. If you make yourself sweet with infant powder and a puff, you want a sealed pack age of powder. If you use bonnet pins to fasten on your hat, you want a dozen of thenm. If you are inclined to be ill-tempered and petulant, you want unlimited patience. If you are inclined to be careless and in considerate, you want a very large package I of energy and friendliness. And if you are laekilg in politeness, then you want to remember that surely she who claims to be a Christian, must, lbefore everything else, be gentle in her manners. From The Ladies' |Home Journal. The Wife's Obedience. Whole denominations of Christians have dropped the word "obey" from the mar riage service. ' lie great Itonman Catholic church never had it, inserted, and even in the Episcopal church it is occasionally omitted-I have versonally known soveral instances; or when retained, it is con stantly explained by the parties concerned, or even by clergymen, as a thilng to be taken with mention. Two things have, colntribnted to this-the coinstat increase IIn the! nllblller of WOitlon WhIo etoni in- ~oills of therir own and the vast p:oi.:rese of the Illgthr educationi. Cith ecr of IIhoue expOt, r) ces very soon exlp,ind the wings of a strong feminine neltt)re, Iand , retullr to t11he chryealii is theloe forth impossiblel . It is out of the qietioin to . le a r ai,lloni iteal q ueducationl and equ(lal prlopert right, and yet keelp her in the pItrostate att.tutl ()(le ocnuplld wh(n her ,lno nngo bollngei l to her iushet ed, anal when the law dieni'l iher tb, safiegu1ard celled "tnlit of tCii., etf ," o, in the irounl l tlh . it was not sutllltnl.s.llul lle'o ld read or write. 'I. W. It., tilu tpr'slIhnzar. N".,v ·n l. rl n o,, , I_ .lailv :t 11,, I ,e Il ive 'Pri.,.s. .,e for 2w. b .6:. II for :,' Iolkas. ONEYV T0 LOAN M . . T. Lo. .. I am propirard to maka losrns ierustly on Il. PiROVED ltOl'lh:Ilt'rY is theC K CITY OF HELENA, AND) panr\ches in Jontanra. SI No delays. FiuniL alwa,c un hatllc. ('',rrespe·d - I Ron m 15, Merch aitn National lhank lluilrilng if MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED HE DE'IVER BUILDL1. , . * Broadway and Warren St. NOW READY FOR OCCUPANCY! The DENVER is steam heated throughout, and has every improvement. Tenants are wanted for ONE STORE, complete with every convenience. Also for Offices and Apartments on second and third floors. APPLY TO WALLACE & THORNBURGH, Apents, At their New Offices, in the Sec ond Floor Denver Building, Broadway and Warren St, Helena, Montana JAC UEMIN & CO. WATGHJVIAKERS, - JEWELERS, - SILVERSMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EYAIIINE OUR STOCK. 27 Main Street. RANCH! 2,000 ACRFS, well improved and thoroughly irrigated, on fine range, at $6 ir.: AcrE:. Also FvRr' )llil.s.s. Cheap est property in Montana. BARGAINS IN HELENA REAL ESTATE. W, . E .j REAL ESTATE. Room 14 and 15, G'ld Blo A. G. LOMBARD, Civil Engi.neer. Rouom 43, Montana National Itak Iluilding. R eervoir". ('nal. Iand Ir sation a bPoialty. evea Yeara pra.UUaI Ual xperinca. LEADING CLOTHIERS. -> 0 o IT HAS •r Z COME L r0 D To pass that you can't tell the difference between the suits we have in Ready Made and the ones 0 made by fashionable merchant tailors. The fact is, the tailor o gets the credit for having made A those we sell, just as soon as they - 2 leave our store. a Our stock of Summer Suits is still unbroken. Make your se . lections now. GANS & ILEIN I.-1 C N. B.---We will give a Fine c 0, person making a Cash Purchase person making a Cash Purchase o of $10 or over. o HELENA, MONTANA.