Newspaper Page Text
II1. SCHULMAN IN REPLY
The Rabbi of Congregation Emanu. El Answers Dr. Swallow on Advanced Thought. Teaohings of Modern Judaism Suo oinotly Set Forth fbr Lay Readers. AS Able Paper on a Subject Which la Now Oreating a Good Deal of Interesht To Tis INDP..ENaEST: In Saturday morn Ing's edition I was surprised to read a some what length comment on some remarks made by President Wise at the recent con ferenee of American rabbi's at Baltimore. The question naturally arises, what is "Hecuba" to the writer, or be to Hecuba. In a matter concerning Juduism alone it is hardly called for, for one to express his own purely subjective christian point of view. That an orthodox christian would not agree to the views of Dr. Wise is self evident. And unless the writer assigns peculiar weight to his personal opinion he really cannot expect that by merely "scold ing" to make use of a caption in Satur day's INDEPENDENT, he will make the least impression upon one devoted to reformed Judaism or upon any independent thinker. It is not, however, to defend one of the venerable leaders in Jewish thought who can well take care of himself, that I tax the patience of your readers, rather on account of the general tone of ridicule of "advanced thought" which the communication betrays. Nothing is so sacred as individual faith, and no one respects it more than I. It is a delicate flower which out not to be braised indifferently by ridicule or sarcasm or even crushed unfeelingly by overpowering reason, Yet faith ought not to assume to lay down the rule for others. When it' enters the arena of discussion it must use more pow erful weapons than its own tender senti ment. Now to the really "advanced thoughts" of the rejection in a belief in the coming of a messiah and that of the resur rection of the body, the writer offers no other argument in reply than the ipse dixi of the Christian consciousness supported by the array of the traditional texts which are the very ones in question as to their critical interpretation. "All ohristians think this older thought of the Jewish rabbis-better, "WVe believe," etc. 1 Certainly with a sentiment of faith it is to use an expression of an Italian diplomat a bootless controversy to argue. And the spnce would be too limited to examine the question of texts, especially those in Isaiah, whose interpretation all criticism based on I historical insight has given up. Let me. briefly as possible, describe the nature of that advanced thought in treat ing the bible which, with complacency, he deprecates on behalf of the "most intelli gent portions of the christian church." It is the offspring of the love of truth, and disabusing its mind of traditional pre possession-it goes to the bible as any other literature to decide upon the time of composition of any of the books in it, upon the interpretation and meaning of texts according to the canons of literary criticism and not accord ing to any particuliar church dogma. Without any opinion upon the ques tion of revelation, recognizing that the agency of the truths assumed to be revealed in the Bible consists of men who lived in different times and circumstances, modern Biblical criticism seeks to discover the religious and moral truths through a critical and literary in eight into the language and imagery in which they were dressed. And far from assuming that a prophet upon whose char aoter of announcing moral truths they lay more stress than his foretelling events, far from assuming that what he said had refer ence to things which would happen six or eight hundred years after hi m, as the tradi tional church view has it. it tries to under. stand the peculiar garb in which the prophet presents a truth which he wants to impress i upon his hearers, from the character of I the audience, the weight of the prophet, scenery, etc. In a word it tries as little as possible to swerve from the natural explana tion of the literary product, the prophetic eloquence. And applying this method to what is known as the Messianic prophecies I in the scriptures, the advanced thought I recognizes in them a universal moral truth, and a particular natural, nay. if you will, Oriental coloriun. In the eleventh chapter of Isaiah. in Micah especially and I in other places, there is the greatest stress laid upon the character of the Messianic I time. It will be one where a spirit of "Wis dom and counsel and knowledge and fear of the Lord will rest upon the ruler, where the r spirit of peace will fill the world, spread- t ing itself in the imagination of the prophet to the animal world, and where no nation t will lift up the sword against any nation, r etc., and where the world will be full of I the knowledge of God as the waters cover the sea. A sublime outlook for the human race. It was the utterance of the I prophets that their moral ideal would L ultimately triumph in the world, and humanity live according to it. And feeling that Israel was the guardian of this i ultimately triumph in the world, and humanity live according to it. And feeling that Israel was the guardian of this ideal, they with truth expressed their faith that all nationss would go up to the moun tain of the Lord-to the house of Jacob. This was the kernel of the Messianic be lief to which modern Judaism clings earnestly, an enlightened, ethically, perfect God-fearing humanity. No doubt Hoine of the prophets as well as the IlRabbinical writers, conceived the ushering in of this tune, to be the coming of a Messiah. What more natural than if israel is to be the center of human ity redeemed, that (to an O()riental imagina tion) the union of all noble qualities in one man who was to be the King of Israel? Now, says Advanced Thought, this ele ment, the personal Messiah. and the n tional kingdom, is the product of local fe 1 ing. T'lhe tcneal idon stripped of this coloring is only worthy to be an object of faith. Of course this is a matter of opin on. But why does modern Judaism take this advanced thought as its own? Itecause as long as the Jewish race was persecuted and excluded fiorn society, deprived of all rights, it found the b:al for its bruised heart in the sweet hope of its restoration toi Palestine and the colnlln of the mnlssiah. iBut when at the end of the last century tlih sun of liberty burst into the Chetto anýl the French revolution and the establishment of our own glorious country gave it liberty and equality, and the right to enter as a co-worker in civiltzation. The modern Israelite whose mind was kept vigorous in spite of centuries of ip: rcession saw the logical result of hibl emancipation. He was to ceasie rinin for J'ales tine, and become a thorough wholesouleed patriot in the land wher ie was born, and he read in a true light the glorious mesesago of his prophets. He wao to be ia witine(ss of that ideal by the purity of hsis faith, all over the world, and work together with his fellow men to bring about its realization. It is therefore indeed an advanced thought in modern Judaism, this rejection inl the belief of the personal coming of a messiah. And if the writer of the communnication would look becond his inherited churcl for mula, and rise to a conee;.tion of as united humanity, he would hal with delight the enunciation of such an advanced thought in the synagogue, for he would perceive its ethical, social, religious import and of course if the Jews haves ceased praving for the coming of the personal messith, there is no use threshing the old straw and trot ting out the old texts to convince him that the messiah has already come. But in spite of his likes and dislikes, modern Judaism has pinned its faith to the advanced thought. It hopes in comuany with the noblest souls of the world not for the coming of one man, but for the ap proach of a better time, a nobler society, an improved humanity and the in • inah of the Jewish raeu has practically inticlpated the o.eloious uteranem q smodern Jewish thought. In trejeolng sl individual conrete Melssiahs, abioh cam aoroas its history it but remained true t. the Messianic prophecy, which is an idea of a time and not the exact predicting of I particular event. Now I come to the second part of Di Wise's utterance, which in my humble opinion must have been the main cause 01 the gentleman's angry comment. "Nor di we want in it the doctrine of the resurreo tion of the body. Nobody believes in thai now, etc." Let me say right here that a the risk of without warrant assumin to in. terpret what Dr. Wise meant, think he did not use the word "nobody" an an limited sense. Probably in his goo d nature general conversational tone, he meant ti assert no clear-headed thinker, whose authority commands respect believes it said doctrine. Or to limit the word mor narrowly still, he may have meant no emoi uent Jewish thinker holds it. Be this as 1i may the universal idea of reformed Judaise, as far as I know ii already completely embodied in the prayer book of Temple Emanu-El in Nes York, and essentially in Dr. Wise's own prayer book which is in use hero. What the reasons are which lead to this change of attitude towards the doctrine held by the rabbis, this would not be the place to state them, They can all be summed up in the saying the belief clashes with our opinion of probability, and in no sense does it coin cide with the belief in the immortality of the soul, as the writer in his last paragraph illogically assumes, Now 1 think it is impolite, to say the least, to make the sneering innuendo im plied in the remark, "All Jews may now be Sadducees." Even if the modern view were entirely identical with Sadduceeism the re proach will sit very lightly on us. For the church view of Sadduceaes and Pharasees of the different parties and tendencies of thought as presented in the source which the writer draws his inspiration, presents as historical apictureof the actual facts, as a future student would gain of our modern society from the extreme exaggera ted picture of it, presented in Bellamy's "Looking Backward." But it is also in 'correct to deny the character of "advanced thought" to a thought which is also "an tique." When Europe was aroused from its long sleep by the spirit of the Rennais sance. and by the protestant cry of back to the original institutions, very much anti quity was resusitated and yet the thoughts were very advanced, compared with those held by the resisters of tile humanizing in fluences. So sometimes very old truths become the advanced thoughts after a lapse of darkness. But old or new, this is what reformed Judaism teaches to-day, and it has the honesty to express it. For strange as it may appear to the professor, there is a great latitude given mn the Jewish syna gogue in thought upon doctrines of the na ture of the one discussed. The Jewish thinker was never bound by a rigid system, as the full discussions in our whole litera ture show. Therefore, it is to no purpose to say that the Talmud holds this or that opinion. The Talmud. by the way, is an encyclopedia of Jewish thought for five centuries. It is not always safe to cite it with such freedom as the writer does. If he will be kind enough to point out the passages which touch upon the doctrine, I will inform him why modern Judaism de parts from the old view. But above all we claim to exercise the right for ourselves upon such matters. And now I wish to touch upon what in the writer's opinion is an overwhelming condemnation of the "advanced thought." In short there are not less than 200,000,C00i of people who now believe in the "resurrec tion of the body." Aside from the fact that the Jewish race was never overawed by the crushing power of numbers (otherwise it would have ceased to exist long ago) in mat ters of faith and even more formidable weap one that the mere enumeration of those who differ from it could shake its belief in what it considered true. I must in all earnest ness insist that heads do not count in such matters. Heads count in a presidential election, and unfortunately they often count twice and three times, but they are as heads of no account, in the truth or faltity of a thought. I would from my prejudiced Jewish point of view for rxample eliminate from this formidable number say loosely 60,000,000 Russians, a people who tolerate such a tyrrany as that of the czar, and who with no doubt the ex caption of the noble souls the upholders of "advanced thoughts" lend themselves to the carrying out of the barbarous and inhuman policy agninst their fellow men without ris ing in their might against it, are for me no criterion as to their belief in any doctrine. And so I might reduce the formidable num ber at will. But a word to the wise is sufficient. Multitudes are no proof. Let him look for the thinkers and see how many believe in the doct:ine. Nay, I will go further, let him ask about him amongst his acquaintances, how many had thought over the matter at all, and are ready to say bttgy a..vn w it, ru bun~ s mte sto arness of conviction as they do in the existence of a God. He will soon discover that applying this method his formidable number of those that be lieve in the ''resurrection of the body" will shrink, and shrink, and shrink. Now reformed Judaism simply expounds offi cially what its adherents in their hearts believe. We have faith in the immortality of the soul, but beyond that we do not go. For we open the door wide to all possible vagaries of the fancy if we shall go further. So far I have merely placed my senti munts for what they are worth as aeainst the orthodox Christian sentiment of the writoe. But in his 'act paragraph he makes two statements which are introduced with a semblance of argument. The first is logically incorrect, the second is again purely subjective opinion. "If we are to continue our identity in a future state and live there as perfected human beings, it will take a thought very much advanced, how this can be accom plished unless our spirits are clothed in bod ies rendered incorruptible and immortal." This is not logical. Fbr the writer assumes what he would find difficulty in proving, namely, that our identity is dependent on our bodiea, and therefore to deny the "resurrection" is to deny immortality of the soul. But every tyro in philosophic reflection and physehologi cal analysis knows that our identity rests on our self consciousness, not on our bodies. We feel ourselves the same by vir tue of the ego, or conscious self in us which unites the past with the present, our memories with our hopes, our experiences with our thoughts, and not by virtue of our bodies. We can imagine cur limbs aimpu tated and yet we are tihe same, and so by a little abstraction in thought we get the no tion of a principle in us which is distinct from the body. Now the faith shared in by the noblest souls even when they are inot n tirely certein, a faith arrived at by such a critical thinker as Immanuel Kant, who. while attempting to destroy all efforts to prove God and immorality landed in his critique of practical reason by as.umlllll faith in them as a postulate deanaedled by the moral facts of life; thus faith holds that the spirit will in rome way live after death. And the en.jovnients iniag ined in the immortal state vary aiiiontig thinkers with their own nobility of character tnd Idealismr il tilouhllt Mtairnont ide's is a very noble 'n"). But no thinker, unless a bald ent erialiat like Vott otr F.oar baeh ha! identified the spirit with the body. Modern Judaism turns from the grave with the faith that the 'Spirit goeth up to God." S Ilel( the elrofessor 8seemns to Lii to Inllow t.el tread of Iiodtrn tPlliita alism: with its spirit rappine, , e aind in his zeal to save an old dogmlia ipru'llenlly lcommtits himself to the Vhiw of the Inltte rialist, which is philosophically consitairiel as unreliable. I'tiailly Ihe ends his attack by eayine, "And besides, with our present advanced thoughts of object teaching it is dillicuclt for us to ontceiveo how we tan be tanght the way of the life everlasting so well as by the Messiah in the imagr of a perfect mitan, showing us by a perfect life how we mav become perfect men. This Is the thought long since "advanced in the law and prophlttl, and oiadto perfect ill the teach- iigs of Jesus of Nazareth." I feel that I ani here treading the sacred precincts of individaal faith. No doubt this last srinte - mernt surms up the rilapet, riclt at ardl sweetest experience in the life of the writer. But I am compelled to remind hint out of respect to the Jewish faith whose standing he publioally attackh bv criticising it fromn his own point of view, thatl had Ihe been born a Jew lie would nit think it all s:i "inconceivtbl," how we can be better taught the life everlasting than by the Messiah, etc. Certainly, If he belies'; in the reality of the absoluto perfection of a man, the method is for him very gootl. But f to oie who doel iot bhteve 'that a-efre 1 being, a God in theshap of a man bau e, Sexisted, it would seem that for the make a th qe, must sacrlafoe the val b( ti e granteda) of º object Iesmon. Otherwise the methe would botis'r too closely upofi the prit oiple of the end justfies the means, wihl the eaolseiatical predoliotions of tv writer will 8robably not allow hbm to mail tain. JudaisU reoonnises no perfect ma II ineulcates belie in God and ethic Sprinciples, and makee of life a task of sel sanotifoiaticn, which with weak morta never reaohes perfection in this life. says: "Happy he who at the end of life toil can ascend Pisgah's height, and Is like Moses that his life has as few faults possible." God alone is perfect. Now, as a parting word, I should nve have written the above but for the slur oa upon "advanced thought." It is iry coo rvotion that from advanced thoughts v have everything to expect and nothing I lose. Let it ventilate itself freely and n be devired. For from the repeated efforts , the human mind.to solve life's problem even if some are crowned wit failure there will come a feelii of mutual good will and a bringic together of men in the work which they a hold to be essential while rock ribbed dog ma stands like a wall shutting out tt light from all creeds. It is the men of tt "advanced" thoughts in all creeds that wi gradually undo the work of the prejudic of ages by showing that the formula of th creed may shift, but the soul of all creeds the worship of the one invisible and th consciousness of the duty to do noble deed remains forever. SAMUeL SCHULMANt Rlabbi, Congrfgation Emanu-El. THE MARKETS. STOCKS. Nxw VYos. July 13.--Bar silver, $1.00%. Copper dull and unchanged. Lead nominal. Opening of the week tronght no clhng to the s'ock market from its late condittin of dulnees and stagnation in basiness. bu there was still a firm tone andt the sligh advantage geined last week was stubbornl! held and in some oeaes improved, with renew,. prominence of grangers and ospecially St. tFat Burlington and Atchison. T'here was some proof that this attitude and stublbrn strenigt shown by all of them in the face of the bearish attacks by traders gave tone to the entire mar ket, though in few other shares were there deal ings of importance. The opening was steady the close steady at insignificant changes for the day. lhe demand for railroad bonds was rather more urgent, withl Atchison ismes and Oregot Improvement 5s leading in the dealings. G overnments-St ea ly. Petroleum-Closed 68. Closing Closint U. 8. 4s regular...11 lti Northwestern prof 132 U. S. 4s conlon....llit P. N.Y. cntrid ......100 U. S. 4!s reg..... t004 Oregon Imp....... 27 U. S. 4,s couplon.. 100h Oregon Noav...... 70 Pacific tie.......... 110 North American... 1404 Atchison.......... 33s% Pacific Mail....... 35 Canadal Pae....... l% eading........... 20 Canada Southern.. 49 Rock Island....... 78' Central Pacific . 30t St. Paul........... ti6 Burlington ....... 8t St. Paul & Omaha. 23 Delaware & Lack..:44 1 'Iexas Pacific...... 134 D &A t. ., prot.. 48 Union Pacifi ..... 44 Erie ...... ..... 19 U. 8. Express..... 5M iKansas & Texas.... 1414 Fargo Exeres. ... 37 Lake Shoroe........ 914 Western Union .... 80 L'ville & Nashville 74A1 Anmri. Cotton Oil, 22?4 Michigan Central. 89 Terminal......... 14? Missouri Piacific... 67%4 Oregon Short Line 25 Northern Pacific.. 23LI i 11. Western.... W 7 N. P. pref......... 65% R. G. W. pref...... 681 Northwestern .....103 It. G. W. lets..... S74 Money on call easy; closed offered at 1%½Pi per cent. Prime mercantile paper unchanged. t.trling tchtang.a easier: sixty day bihe, $4.85 demand, $4.87. CHICAGO PRODUCE. Cr Arono. July 13. - Close -- Whet, easy cash, 8:attiti930sc; September, 85%c; December. 874 t 87i7 c. Corn-Steady: cash, 58,c: September. 55r4c Oats--Easy: cash, :6'Le; September, 31ii8h. Barley-Nominal: 466 70. Pork--Steady; cash, $10.30; Eeptember, $10.4751 6t101.50. Lard--Steady: cash, $6.2586.30; September, hi6.l t bfad.43. Short ribs--$I.27 % 26.30. Short clear--$6.i04 i.60, Shoulders- --$5.20395.25. CH ICAGO CATTLE. C(nrcAiO. July 13.--(Iattl-Reeiotts. 10,000; irregular; export and shipping stock steady tC stron,; others lower.- 'lop prices, $5.75(i6 10. No fancy steers on saile. Others. $4.25~3.550 Texans. $2.753 | I; stockers, $2.853(.25. llgs--Receipts, 2.O004: irregular: rough and common. ,4.415te4.6); mixed and packers, $4.81 135.0': prime heavy and butchers' weights, $5@ 5.15; ligh. it. 00 t o i r 32 . Shoop-t;ercipti. 9.000; steady to higher; com mon natives, - 250i4i.40: hixiel and w ithere, 84.9044 1.71: 1 o -sose St3i5 si? min. n... .. r4e 3WANTED Total Issues of CITIES, COUNTIES, SCHOOL DISTRICTS, WATER COMPANIES. ST. R.R.COM PANIES,ot. Correspondence solicited. N.W.HARRIS & COMPANY,Bankers, 1030165 Dearborn Street, CHICACO. 15 Wall Street. NEW YORK. 70 State St.. BOSTON. HELP WVANTED-FEMALE. WVANTED) -- HANDLE. 24 EDWAI:DIB $3 treet, anlts chambermaid, $1;u; waiter, $30; woman cook, ;.AN. W7ANTED--A (OOD ItOUfIE SERVANT. 21 South Benton avenue. HELP WANTEID--MALE. WIAN'I'TEI--TWO YOUNG MEN AS NEWS P. agents,. Apply to Northern News Co., N. P. deplot. SITUATIONS WANTEI)--FEIAIE. Advertisements under this head three times FRiE. 8ITUA'I(ON WANTED--IO DO SE WINt; with private fainilii: und·r.tsandr cuhtting and fitting. toom 4 iolshoe block, i (i.ll y street. SITUATION WANTED--AS NUIIOAN WANTSV werlshi. 'racihes thoa erongh Iownli hme. Ad etc. Ilhst o if ref(rrens. Atlres+ Rice A., tIn ,ITUATION WANTED A (Y'(UK LANDY llwatdretrs in private family. Addir~ Sil . Ni SITUATION WAN'LTED --Yh A ( .LANT. waslin for fa r ilio k at her owAjr ,r. Ad d]rest 11. I1 , thi'. offieo. ITUA'FTIONS W VANTEI,- M AlIE;. Adverliemeourk under tIhl head throe times i '.i AT'l ION \VANTI..D A)" A O E tY 1i t.K. undaret'sni hcee etla h lisec. ici. iiu'(el id (iuin. ;dde.vi I. I ., thiih olli io. I ir l .Ti N W RNI II) I- tOil I lIA dr, s H o. I. akor 1i.5 ( m uier totr r. Ad ---IIT-iNS ATD ML.Atvrtenot ndrtisha ha ie IT()lA tl) ANI) l() 11t) OFFi"EItI'. ANT iE t 'NTI'IMAN AND \VI "" ( lwi eir, i tic, c o hi o tAhNo. t 1 In , in cmiii 1I01i rH Tb ic rice r Aitc 1cai 6a . 1 Wi T. rI Ion , tl ou e i lk. 1 Add. 1, 1 . ll iati HI rTl-j. w i ~ o a It1, ) I E 1wi n iV ll . r. lO Bo (ItAI'.NT 217 . IGill AV I:. I, \3l lnl. fllr'mI d -o ,o(. i irite.lr f hi , IctItt d r ,,A. . r B kr w i., Carli, ,l rni. rt ir Ll NtL .II I1 h'Olt iI,'N' I NI(NI.I,S FI A N I .H A D ' IL(O', M0 1w].,, a],mil ,g at' ,,- h fInd h U L"tn hoe r 1(,i. H,%('O. NI. op llMIl l u W.tR .. i tlllhl) lld board )5~w.in~,g3 ittn . ooj)l },°l Nuv.W v 217 I')I' l - . . . Full' rid 1)" .i;t t ,N' r a'I . al Io,! l iLro .lv ,) a ltlr. "Dvumer'alle. Mvntau a. Flathlead country.:; a wtr l loeate]..Nea Ih orth Hen'oa ,t Oivision treetF $Re moDtn.a dd. ib Mas togan, Hotel one. 8 OR RIENT-A NUOLMEH OF DWBL.LGI at veryLreaonaole ronte, tome with barn 1. Mattoon Ct uo. SOR RENT--NjiELY FUBNISHED HOUR ( five rooms. 00 per month.' ]inquire N L'Olt RENT--A DOUBtICE lICK HOUR l near the armory on Warren street; Sero rooms in each onte, bath rooms, steam heat a. all modern Improvements., Address J. . Hot son, Raryevllle. Mont., or John A. Quirtlrk, city. I it IOSgWNT--IsInli7-1:OO HOUSE VT bath. closet and all modern oonvonientet I' 1es: ( Cntler. near Rodney street. 0 FtR1 RENT--A SIX-RIOtM HOUSE ON C0I it nor of tih and) Davis treet, with all moe f er convenientes. Inoquire at 424 itih avenu S FOlR REN T--MICELLANEOUS. q 1'OR IENT--ROOMS SUITABLE FO ' hostiehoping; convenient loetion. W. I Unr, Gold block. LUOR I1ENT-TWO I)N E UNIFUIINSIME It rooms, at 716 Broadway. F OR RENT-TWO OFFICES ON TOIIIt i floer of Montana National bank building, F OR RENT--LAIIE STORE ON NINTI Sravenue and otiback streot: with moder ehelving; enitablo for any mercantile booinees Apply to Bach, Cory & Co. Ol1 RENT--TIHREI FINE LARGE UI furishilod rooms, hot and cold wcatr, batl etc., with use of stable; $1'. 18 Saouth iRodne L'OR 1lENT-TWO UNFURNIBSHED iLOOM 1 716 IBroadway. OtOR R ENT-UNFURIPNISHED ROOMS FOo 1 housekeeping. Modern inptrovemeltt Single or ensuite. $5 to $1~ 516 Eighth arven 'QIt , RENT-TWO LARGE UNFURNISHEE F rooms en suitn , with alcove and bath. Ver: desirable. 717 ixth avenue. FOR NA.E-IIEAIl, ESTATE. I on Itreckenridgo ,treot, between Icatti, Snian Raleigh. Mnt hter.n & C'o. .1'Olt SAIE1' -Ti\VO ESXCEILENT LOTS O1 -Hro"cdwatoe addition, on line of electric motor; f2 douwn, $t0 pr month. Prioe, Sill c w.h. iMLatLCe son Co. FOR SALE --$9C WILL BUY FtURH LOTS [ each :1xl00 teornoerl. on Northern I'acifi First addition, $u(0 down, live 3eanr' time of balatnce. Matheson & Co. FORl BALE-$715 SPOT CASH FOR A LOI 5'x140, in Flower (arden addition, nea: Montana avenue. Matheson & Co. Lk'o1 SALIE--$1,O5 IIOUtBE AND LOT OD we wst ide: $100 down. Matheson & Co. SOft SAtLE -, 1 E- ROOM I110USE ANT i lot in East lielecna and one grand square ianeo. Inquire of Joseph Trudgian, Eae i'OH SALE--25 PERN FRIONT FOOT, LOT[ -L 5 and 6I in block 81, Flower Garden addition each 50.xll0 only 100 feet fronic Montana avenue, 'Iheeo are good, level lots and are offered at i leas price than any others in the addition, on as count of t ie ill-health of the owner, wco is cony Iellod to go east. Mllatlhesoln & Co. l'UI SAL'F--ON PEOSTA AVENUE, ONI Imlock from electric motor line, a new framt dwelling Iaving hall, 7 rooms, bath room (O plnlmbinge, largo closet, pantry, cellar, citf wator; good-sized roocms andl well arranged. lriee only m$2.000, payable $20 down, $n0 pet month: interst on deferred pcayments 8 per cent. Matheson & t'o. J'Olt SALE--$l00 DfOWN. A$5 PER MONTHI for a comfortnable-room dwelling on weal side, one blok from elertric motor line; price, 1,c50O. Mlatlhson& Co, F.OR lIALF -$25 D)OWN, $10 PTER MONTH Sfor lot 2xll40 on Livingston avenue; price 1$:00. Matceson & Co. SO \ SAILE--$6.1000 CASIt--BALANCEI Oh long tim, will buy one oP the prettiest nwe residences in the west end; eloven coocms hand. comely papered, furnacce, electric bells and al. modlern improvements; beautiful lawn, concreti walk', carrlago houe, estc. An investment 'ousessiou when desired. Address W.. P. O box 1022. FioR BALE--WAiEHOUSIE LOTS IN EL licton, on N. 1. right of way, $100. Mathle eon & C'o. Orl SALE--FORTY ACRES VALENTNIN Scrip, at John S. M, lceill's, 12 Edwarc street. 1'OR SALE-1.0i, FEET IN TIlE AMES AD I titicn at a bargain. Tlhe Witherbeo An drew Co., told bloae. F(OR SAT.E-MISCELLANEOUS. L Olt SALE--littOD SECOND-HAND IRON fence. Inquire 204 Breckenridge street. 1 E SALE--NEW HIAIXI)WAIIE STO(K ' Carefully ee:ected and well ne-orled. Adapt e I to general lorc, and all good, salcable stock. (ooda still in hands of joblter, and shipped to ord r. Will cell cheap for cash, or accept part cash and balance in good real estate or mine at cash value. Address W. F. Cummins, Helena, Mont. 1OR SALE--ONF SIX-YEAR-OLD GELDING Sweight about 1.3t:0 pounds, well broke; sin gce and double Ilarneos; guaranteed sound and glntlc. Aplly to W. h. Mend or Britt & Dough erty. u5 Otl SALE Olt IRENT A SALOON ON upper Main street, whichl hay been snccocs ully carried on for ten years. Enquire of I. L Israel. FORl SALF--OLD PAPERS AT A BARGAIN 1" at this oflleP. o1OH SALE- -AN ELEGANT PARLOR SUITE ' for sale cheapl at 73t Sixth avent e. It has b en in use three months, and cost when now 'Oii SAILE-IIOUSEIOLD FURNITURE S and fine family horse cheap; at 1i booth Rlaloleh trtoot. L'Olt SALE -SCHIOLARSIIP IN 'IlE 1ION tlena lHuiness ('ollgco 'all at this oflice. F(OR t -ALE --SC(HOLAIISItPl' IN TIlE IIEL ena liHsine-a ColleOe. Call at this office. i1ii SIALE;-A'T A IiIitAIN lFlITAUtIIANI' t do iuu o gl bulsinoes. Address iestanrant, Ithis clice. 1'Oil SALIE A NEW HOUSE OF1 SIX ROO1100MS, riantry and bath room, on ilowio street, No. 127. Also tle two adloiing lots of 42x100 feet Apply at said house. MI ISCEI.LANEIOUS. I)LAIN AND FANCY I)IDESSES MADE st lillh and neat by an eastern dito;smnaklr. 5311) ixtih at' . TAN \f'il A FIIIbT-('lASS iESPO)NSIlLE L party wishos to roet a nlcely furnihled house io good tlighborhlood, for the slutucer or longer. E':utotre at the lnd.pendltdt office. I)AIr'TNERI WANTED -FOR T'ilEt STATE OF Molllata -- , sell oe, of the beet inventions nlow on thie oinrkc(t. "aces gocd and profits larug. I'artnirll t control Ithe busiless of thli staut. Small capital r.equired. linst of rofer eons i givo ucnl rlequired. Addtress S. lock box 701, llccetea. Mont. LTA.N'rTD UNIIMPlOVEl I. iE&:NA :,- T(3 fur forty a'lue nea~rGretoat Lalls. Mathc.eon A Co. j41XcHlANEY WILL ItIIADE A NEW ElIGHIT rotict holeu-cc for ccnimplcrovedi clear loIs or creaue; ol will .11 llcc lcuiity for l,75tlI; ic lau(e in two yelars at cight pr cent. Adciroea Exchange, "VANTEDG ANY ONE llAVING A WEILL litted h.u=o of h o or six rooms, pleasantly liccattel. ci lino of gen main, eon hear of a Ipriclnl pIlyiccg cl ancrt:ifu ttinaniLt. Address B.. T,'AEN'.i) & ) OOD I'l CIiEIION B'TAiL T ion onc shares. IJquire at lndelpondent oullco. oI. ANI'EiI ) -'1111 ItEN UN-tIt FIVE years of ago It, Ioarid. 521 Sixth avennI. \V AN'I El -5.,S) YttUNG SHIEl' NEX ' BUM umor for I1hr.ee year. on sharoa; half wool acld incrcaso; parties have excperince, buildings, water atl ,Iayc. Address W II. bltadish, h.tuSat' Attornei li kolta, North Diakita. FOIr ltIl;N'T'-IVURNIIIED IROOIM. i'Ol1 Ii3 I'NT - TWO tIla TIIRiEE IO()OMH itleI toly furnished, for light huitkeepicIig. Ill lioll ins avonmn. I01l Il'NT-- I' -F Fill INIMIE ) IOOMS I for hiuciekie.Din .. at -' 5 Stats drilt. l oull IlENI' -lIc.lIN Iu. l ItlOtIUM. 4"9 1 orLair 4bnton avenue 1.Ol IENT-NI' 'LEAAN'T itU IT KOF ILO MM Sfor tao yoiiui g9,tI.l0 c or mani au I witfe; c-lo two sinogle roomis. in North Iieotoo ave. I'OJI IEN'-NICELY FUIINI-tIIED 111OOM. 417 Warren street. corneir hith avenue, 01'OR iENT--:OMFOIRTABLY I1 IINISiIED SI~ tmla at roaaonal ralis. flarruy block. lratil street. eat door liotel Helena. O 1 POCKT K NTANA A9N PROFESSIONAL CARDS. fL Q. DAVImS. Attomey at Iawt Room I AsLhbby block. selsan, Mont. , . C. LAWY.R. Physiian and Surgeam. SrOALas-Eye- , - a and Thrah OtffiB 1080 Broadway. KI.SLEY & BLA.IPOBA (J. W. Kinaler-Wm. M. Blaoklord) Attorneys at Law. Masonic Temple Building, Helena, Montana. ASHBURN K. BAROUr. Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Masonic Temple, Helena. Montan . MASSENA BULLARD. Attorney ani. Counsellor at Low. Will ractice in all rourts of record in the state. OfE e in Gold block, Helena, Montana. SIZER & KEERL, Civil rd r uc l EHnginsers. U .nt. Mineral Survy..eyhors. Mineral t" D . M. 1 ,CK _AN _ Physician. Surgeon, Accouoher, Oculist, Aurist Member of San Francisco Hrdical Society. elso Nevada State Medical Society. OlO on Main street, over Steinmetz Jewelry store. NOTICE TO CREDITOBS-IN THE DIS trict court of the First Judicial District of the State of Montana, in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. In the matter of the estate of William H. Gel a:er. deceased: Itolice is hereby given by the undersigned, ad dministratrix of the estate of William II. tebaner. deceased, to the creditors of, and all persons hav tug claims against the said decese.., to exhibit them with the necessary vouchers within ten months after the first pblication of this notice, to the said oaministratrix. at the law office of Massena Bullard, room 8, Gold block, Helena, Montana. the same being the place for the trane action of the buse.oes of said estate in the county of Lewis and Clarke. Dated at Helena Montana. June24 A. D. 1891. S'IFF LIBSA M. B V EIAUERO Admtnistratrix of the estate of William H. Gebaner. deceased NOTICE Oh ASSESSMENT -A CATArRAo vMining u on pany, located in Cataract Min ing district, Jefferson county, Montana. Notice is hereby given that a meeting of the trustees of said company, held on the 19th day of June. 18.11. an assessment of two cents per share, was levied upon the capital stock of said company, ayable on the i.0th day of July, 1891, to thesecretary of said ompany at hise office, No. 19 South Main street, in the city of Helena, Montana. Any stock upon which said assessment shall re roain unpaid on the 2eth day of July, 1891, shall be deolasel delinquent and shall be duly adver tised forr aleat public auction, and unless pay ment shall be made before will besold on the 8i0t day of July, 18g1. to pay the delinquent assessment together with the cost of advertising andexpenas of sale. JOHN L. KOONTZ, Sec. No. 19 South Main Street, Helena. Montana. S.IERIFF'S SALE - BY VIRTUE OF AN execution in my hands. issued out of the District Court of the First Judicial District of the state of Montana. in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke, in the suit of B. Harris against Charlos 13. Newherry and Alfred Bourk, duly at teated th 11th day of July, A. D.. 1891. I have levied upon all the right, title and interest of the said Cherles B. Newberry and Alfred Hourk, in and to the following described property, sit nated in Lewis andt Clarke county, state of Mon tanca, vie: Lot number one (I) in block number six hun dred and six (.01) of the Hoback and Cannon ad dition to the city of Helens. Also the cast thirty-live feet of lot number four teen (14) in block lettered "E" of the Blake ad dition to the city of Helena. Together with all and singular the tenements, hreditaments and appurtenances thereunto be h ning or in anywise appertaining. Notice is hereby given that on Saturday the lst day of August. A. D. 1891, at the hour of 12 o'clock M., of eaid day at the front door of the court-house in the city of Helena, 1 will sell all the right, title and interest of the said Charles B. Newberry and Alfred'Bourk, in-and to the said above described property, to the highest bidder for cash in hand. Given under my hand tis the 11th day of July, A. D. 1891. CHARLIS M. JIIFFERIS, Bheriff, IiAPR G. JOoNsON, Deputy Sheriff NOTICE TO CREDITO .S-ESTATE OF Eugene Hoerman, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned, ex ecuter and executrix of the estate of Eugene Iloerman, deceased to the creditors of. and all personse having claims against the said deceased. to exhibit them with the neorasary vouchers within ten months after the first publication of this notice, to the said executor and executrix, at telaw ohi cos of F. N. & S. H. Mcilntire, rooms 18 and 19 Gold block. Helena, the same being the place for the transaction of the bost ness of said estate NICHOLAS KESSLER, Executor. DOROTHEA HOEBMAN, Exooeutrix of the Estate of Eugene Hoerman, deceased. Dated Helena June 12. 189L NOTICE TO CREDITORS--IN THIE DISRICJ court of the First judicial district of the state of Montana. In and for the coon: of Lewis and Clarko. In the matter of the estateof George E. Staples. deceased. Sotic is hereby given by the undersigned, ad ministtrtrix of thI estatoe f George E. Staples, tdaioIe rd, to the credit or of, and all persons hBa ing claim.s againstl the sald deceaeed. to exhibit them with the necessary vouchers within four mnths after thle tirst publication of this notice. to the .iltd ldministratrix at her residonceiu MHryevile, Montans. the sani being the place for the transaction of the bunnees of said estate in the said county of Lewis and c'larke. HELENA STAPLELS. Adminletratrix of the estate of George If. Staple.s, l)eoatsed. M)abed Aprl H3. 1891. IIVIDErND NOTICE--AT A MiEsTING OF tilo eard of Directors of the Copper Bell Dllinin l company, hoil thios day, s dividend of thleA i;+ c,l.i nir eharo on tle outstandling Cal) iil stick of tih company was declared, payable at thel offioc f the ciompany July 20, 181o1. '1ul ranfhr books will o chsl'ld frot 4 o'clock i, tn. -turTliAy. July I13, until i o'clck0 a. m. Tuedlay, Jtly 21, 1891. 11. S. HOWELL, Secretary. lelelna. Mont., July 13, 1891. THE GREAT NORTHERN RailvJay Line. Montana Central Railway. Gre t Northern Railway, Eastern Ra:lway of Minnesota, Wilmar and Si'tux Falls Railway, Duluth, Watertown & Pacific Ry, -TIlE GREAT THROUGH SYSTEM1! A solid thronugh train of Slecert, Dining ('ar, IDay Coahee and Free Colonial Sleopers to tliaeaplls. Lt. Plunl. Da luth, Weat BuperIor anit Sioux City. ('tove .connections for Chicago, Now York, Beaten and all Eastarn Cties. Until further notice lTrains will run as follow.. oneeLr ALL TAINSl DAILY DEPART. 11 ,11 a. m. I ...Atlantie Epree... 1:10 a. o. 2::10 p. . Pacihn Exlrca.... 2:1 p. ni. 6:40 p. llsA Bute .oeal 8:40 a. m. tSleleping car be.b tikekots, time tables, etc., at lisep t and City Tic.t Otlics, No. i. North Iain strct. C. W, Prrra, City 'Ilokst Agent. 1I. 11. Lsoax. 0. .P. T. As4.. I. C. I . Meribhant National Bank t U rED STATE, PPZ QSSI O AARON HERHFIELD, - - .V.e aes O B1odat Directors. a A. . Davridson, Nwes l t Ma IL 1. BIerehfelj, A earon Heihd, J, Switeer. birat-ole OCity, County and State Secniltiss bought and sold. ExCohuge iMned on the principal oitia of the United State and Europe. Transfers of money made by telegraph. Interest allowed on time deposite. Collections promptly attended to. " Boxes for rent at reasonable prices in one o the best oo~structed fire and burglar proof .e de o e ulta in the oountry. Second National Bank•..* OF HELENA, MONT. PAID UP CAPITAL, - $75,000 SURPUS AND PROFITS, $25,000 A General Banking Business Transacted. E. D. EDGERTON, - President C. K. COLE, - - Vice Pleidiett GEORGE B. CHILD, - Cashier JOSEPH N. KENCK, - Aust. Cashier Board of Directors. . B. Sanford, C. G. Evans, I. W. Child, B. J. Jones, 0. C. Swallow, Chris Kenok, k. D. Edgerton, c. K. Cole, George B. Child. NO. 4408. J elena National Bank .... OF HELENA, MONT. CAPITAL, - - $500,000 Transacts a General Banking Busi ness. JOHN T. MURPHY, - President SHIRLEY C. ABHBY, - Vioe President FRANK BAIRD, - - Cashier Interest allowed on time deposits. Exchange iuoed on foreign countries. Transfer of money bi telegraph. First-class city, county and state secnrities bought and sold. Collections promptly attended to. Board of Directors. John T. Murphy. Shirley C. Ashby, P. W. McAdow, Frank Baird. (Chas. K. Wells, J. P. Woolman, E. U. Maclay, W. E. Cullen, Jno. S Mendenhall, Abner B. Clements; B. It. Ford. A. A. McDonald, J. P. Porter. F irst National Bank. .... OF HELENA, MONT. PAID UP CAPITAL, - $500,000 SURPLUS AND PROFITS, 700,000 Designated Depository of the Uni ted States. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits. General Banking Business Transasoted. Safety Deposit Boxes for Bent. Diretors. S. T. HAUSER, - - President E. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - Asst. Cashier GEO. H. HILL, - 2nd Aset. Cashier Granville Stuart, - Stockgrower Hon. T. C. Power, - - U. B. Senator J. C. Curtin, Clarke, Conrad & Curtin B. S. Hamilton, - - Capitalist 0. B. Allen, - Mining and Stookgrower Chas. K. Wells, - - - Merchant A. M. Helter. - A. M. Holter Hardware Co Associated Banks, Northwestern National Bank, - Great Fells First National Bank, - - Miseoula First National Bank. - - - Butts T he Thomas Cruse Savings BANK, OF HELENA. Incorporated Under the Laws of Montana, PAID IN CAPITAL, - $100,000 THOMAS CRUSE, - - President FRANK H. CRUSE, Vice President WM. J. COOKE, - Sec. and Asst. Treas W. J. SWEENEY. - - Treasurer Board of Trustees. Thomas Cruse, Frank H. Cruse, W. J. Cooke, John Fagan, W. J. Sweeney. *Allows 4 per cent. interest on Savings Deposi. compounded January and July. Transacts a general banking business. Draws exchange on the principal cities of the United heats and Europe. Deals in county and city bonds, and makes loans on real estate mortgages. Office hours from 10 a. m. to 4 p. m. Also on Baturday and Monday evenings from 7 to 8 o'clock. J ontana'National Bank. OF HELENA, MONT. UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY. Capital Paid In - $500,000 Surplus and Profits, - $200,000 Dlrectors. C. A. BROADWATER, - President L. 0. PHELPS. - - Vice President R. L. MaCULLOH, - - Cashier S. E. ATKINSON, - - Asst. Cashier A. Gi. Clarke. Herman Gans, IT. F. Gdlon. Peter laro,,n, C. W. Cannon. it. C. Wallaaes. David A. Cory. The American National... BANK, OF HELENA. CAPITAL. - - , $200,000 T. C. POWER, - President A. J. SELIGMAN, - Vice-President A. C. JOHNSON, - - Cashier OEO. F. COPE, - Assistant Cashier Directors. T. C. Power, A. J. feligman. A. C. Johns n, Richard Luckey, James Sullivan. Interest allowed on time deposits. Exchange issued on principal cities of the United slates, Canadaand Europe. Transfers of money made hr telegraph. Collections promptly attended tc. City, county and state secrlt ies bought and sold. J L. SMITH, J*Freiht and Transfer L 1o, J HELENA, MONTANA. All kinds of metehandise and other frribte. Inchltdiu ores, promptly transferred from the IspeAt. Orders will recive prompt attention. Drnca-At J. Feldberg's tituesand at the lDsaot.