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Semtttx+.aes at the risk of .absoriber .nleg mii e b- netered letter, check, or ptal or ex. order, payable to The Independent Pub; Campny. P ro desiring the InrDUPaunar served it their homes or place of buslaes can order by postal eard or thre.uh telephone No. 100. Ples. reprtt oes of irnegular delivery promotly. dvortisemelts, to insare prompt insertion. ·hoald be uhaded in before 8 P. m. Rlteected commanloations not returnable an lees posta( is enolosed. TRRMS Or SUB5SRIPTION. BY MAIL. lAly [lneludian Sandayl per year......... 10 00 Daily [inclding Sunday] six months...... 5 00 Daily [nolading Sundayl three month..... 2 0 Daily [excluding Sunday per year......... 00 Daly [aecluding Sunday] per month...... 75 -aday oely [in advancel per year........ 25 Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 1 00 Daily by carrier, per week, Laeven isslaul.. 5 HELENA. MONT., JULY 14. 1891. W-Meatanas abroad will always ad Tna DAILYr laxPNDarr oen file at their favorite oetels: Fifth Aveaue and Metropolitan, New Fork; Weat, Miazeapolis: Baldwin and Palace, uam Francisco; MeBermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, $priugield. Il. DEATH ALONE,. A well known and careful corres pondent at Washington sums up a review of the political situation in the repub lican camp by the assertion that grim death alone oan prevent Blaine from re ceiving the republican nomination. He also says that the Blaine men, if the condition of the premier's health is such that he cannot hazard his life on the excitement of the campaign, will be transferred to Gen. Alger, who is sup posed to be all right as a presidential candidate. The correspondent says: "There has been a decided unification of sentiment among politicians as to the choice of the republican party for the next campaign. If James G. Blaine is anything like a robust man when the national convention meets he will be chosen leader. There is no doubt about this in the minds of men who make pol itics a study, All eyes are turned toward Bar Harbor. Every report rela tive to Blaine's health is read with avid ity. The friends of the man from Maine look upon the roseate side. They have no hesitancy in saying that he will be a vigorous man within the next year. It Is his political enemies who instigate the reports relative to his alleged precarious physical condition. "The uncertainty as to Blame's inten tions is at an end at last. He is not seeking the nomination but if he is named by the convention and his health permits him to make the campaign, he will accept the honor. There is no longer any doubt on this point. Sena tor Pettigrew, of South Dakota, has come out boldly and asserted this fact. Gen. Alger, of Michigan, has also very recently indicated his belief that Mr. Blaine will be the next republican can didate for president. It is pretty gen erally understood that Gen. Alger knows whereof he speaks. That there is an understanding between Blaine and Al ger is not doubted. By this compact the Alger wing of the party is to give Blaine all possible support at the con vention. But if Blaine is unable to make the race his lieutenauts are under instructions to manipulate every politi cal string in the interest of the Wolver ine statesman. In confirmation of this it is only necessary to refer to the re cent interview of Secretary Humphrey, of the National Republican league, in which he asserted that be found the political sentiment where he had been able to gather any information in favor of Blaine's nomination. It is well known to the politicians that Humphrey car ried out the desires of President Clark son when he caused this interview to be printed. Clarkson is the go-between in making this compact between Blaine and Alger. "The Harrison men fear Alger pretty nearly as badly as they do Blaine. If Blaine isn't able to accept the nomina tion he is strong enough to permit his political mantle to fall upon the shoul ders of Alger. This is why the friends of Harrison fear the Michigan states man at this time. "The most noticeable feature in con nection with the Blaine situation is the fact that many influential newspapers in the east have taken a decided stand. They have come out boldly for Blaine." SECRET EXECUTIONS. When the legislature of New York state passed a bill for the purpose of en suring greater secrecy at executions, it was proceeding on a well-recognized principle. FIrom every standpoint, the old system of public execution had proved itself a moral failure. For crim inal and spectator alike the holiday sur roundings robbed the last penalty of the law of a great many of the terrors which should accompany its legal fulfillment. General publicity made a hanging a thing familiar to the eyes of all who cared to see it, and stirred in many ntinds a vulgar and morbid curiosity that was entirely reprehensible. It is no light matter to take away from a fol- low creature the breath of human life, the one thing that can never be re stored. There are many wise and thoughtful men whose opposition to the infliction of the death penalty is out spoken and resolute. They refuse to press to this extreme the theory of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, and they urge that a deterrent offect, of which so much has been said, fails to achieve the end that is claimed for it. Unfortunately for the success of the cause they champion, statistics seem to prove infalteringly tlhat, wherever capi- tal punishment has been abolished, there has been an abnormal increase in murders and other crimes. Society must protect itself. Until some other effective penalty has been devised, the punishment by death must remain upon our statute books, to terrify those for whom no other punishment has ter rors. But, while the principle of privacy at executions is both right and lundable, the conflicting reports of the recent exe cutions at Sing Sing have stirred in the public mind a feeling of pained un."er tainty. The few witnesses who were present, wore sworn, it seems to secrecy. That, we believe, was a mistaken course. Their anot was not a criminal one. It was the solemn accomplishment of the law's demand. If, by any ohance, the condemned were compelled to suffer un necessary pain as a result of a procedure more or less experimental, the public of this country had a right to be informed. If the death penalty must be inflicted, the universal concensus of opinion do clares that it must be inflicted as pain lessly and as mercifully as possible. The public mind has not forgotten the terri ble bungling of a previous occasion, and it is prepared to do away with its posia. bility in the future. It is within the limits of probability that the warden, in his action, exceeded the powers that were conferred upon him by the passage of the act. But in any case the doubt that pervades public feeling is unfor tunate. People do not know what to believe. Electrocution was substituted for hanging simply because it was hoped it might accomplish the desired end in less barbarous fashion. If it fails to do so, no secret should be made of the fail ure. Legislatures are only human after all. Like their fellow mortals, they make mistakees. If, with the best inten tion, they have committed an error of judgment in the substitution of elec trocution, the public ought to know it. If they have not, the public would be glad to know it. A HoosIER editor, Scott Ray by name, and of Shelbyville. has been flying the name of Gov. Hill as his choice for the democratic presidential nomination for some time. Recently he went to New York and delivered himself to a re porter in the following words, to-wit: "I came east," he said, "from Shelby ville to see the governor as the author ized agent of Ex-Gov. Gray, of our state, to learn just where Mr. Hill stands on the presidential question. Mr. Hill told me he was 'in it' and would have the New York delegation beyond doubt. 'You may tell Gov. Gray,' the governor said, 'that he should see to it that the Ind:ana delegation are instructed for him. We will do the rest,' added the governor. "'What does that mean?' I asked. "'Why that means that the democratic ticket for 1892 will be Hill and Gray,' replied the governor." Mr. Ray added that his paper would have a big story on his return to Hoosierdom. The expectant world has its eyes rivetted on Shelbyville, Ind., I U. S. A. THE INDEPENDENT at once jumps to I the front as the great religious daily of the greater northwest. This morning I we lay before our readers a paper by I Dr. Schulman, in which he ably sets forth the position of the Israelite church with reference to some "Advanced Thoughts"; also, an article by a leading Unitarian of Helena in which is briefly I sketched the tenets of that denomina- 1 tion, and a short card from Dr. Swallow, taking exception to some statements in Mr. Mathias' scholarly paper published in THE INDEPENDENT Of Monday morn ing. The department of polemics is a feature in only the' very best of daily papers. WALES seems to occupy a divided po sition in the affections of his future subjects. On the occasion of the recent f royal pageant he was alternately cheered a and hooted by the masses along the route. Without exception the other royal personages were given the most i cordial greeting. THIR is how the McKinley bill works for the benefit of the consumer: PHILADELPIA, June 27, 1891.-Dear Sir: Owing to the increased duties on tin plates going into effect on July 1, 1891, we are obliged to withdraw all prices. Any in quiries or orders will receive our immediate attention. Signed, Merchant & Co. TsE date of the opening of the Mon tana State Fair association is August" 22, and August 29 is the closing day Persons intending to make exhibits should remember these dates. COPLEDr with the announcement that our exports of grain are falling off, comes the statement that Canada's ex port's are increasing. PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE. Senator Ingalls will put in a great deal of his time this summer delivering addresses on the social and political problems of the day. Mr. Abbott, the new premier of Canada, owns a beautiful estate at St. Anne's, about an hour's ride from Montreal, which is stocked with Guernsey cattle and Shropn shire sheep. Gilbert, the comic opera librettist, has been made a justice of the peace for the county of Middlesex, England, and will doubtless take due care to "make the pun ishment fit the crime." The sultan has prohibited Turkish ladies from going around the streets of Constan tinople in gorieous Parisian costumes. He has been warned what Worth dresses and ducks of bonnets cost. The condition of prince George, second son of the czar, according to late reports, is extremely discouraging. Ioth lungs are now said to be diseased. The young man's return to Ht. Petersburg has been postponed indefinitely. Mrs. Ida May Davis, who has been elected a member of the city school board of Ter re lfaute, is the first woman in the state of Indiana to hold such a position. Though still a young woviin, ohe has been a te.aher for ten years and is the author of consider able literary work. Charles Carroll, of California, was the richest man in America when the national constitution was signed. Ile was worth $.0,I00. It is plain he didn't want the earth, but that didn't stop him from help ing to take the best part of it--the 'United States-from England. Hipuolyte is about sixty years of age and coal black complexion. lie is the political idol of the pure blacks whose blood has not been contmininated by intermarriage with the creoles. lie is the son of a college pro fessor of Port an Prince, and is a man of considerable learning and cultivativation. Jamies Campbell, of Philadelphia, who was a member of Piresident 'ierce's oflicial family, in the oldest living cabinet officer in the country, Although close to the more than patriarchal age of fourscore years, he mayv be seen on tile streets almost daily exhibiting the elastic step that befits a semi centenarian. His interest in public affairs Sis unabated. THE TABLES WERE TUrMIJ. Regulators In Arkanaes Get WoeWs The They teae.t to Qlve. Nuwron, Mo., July 18.-A report comes from aerote the Arkansas line of a easd wherein a band of regulators got decidedly the worst of an attempt to reform one of theirnelabhbors, Charles Lawson has been living about eight miles from Newton. He was unfortunate enough to incur the ill-will of a member of the Black Oaps, by seleot in a piece of timber land thai had been occupied by that mem bher as a squatter. 'his squatter. James Daggett. had his full amount of land fron the government, but wished to hold a piece of timber for his brother. Lawson made his entry, and after a tedious contest sue ceeded in getting his patent. On June 2F Lawson received a letter warning him that he would be given forty-eight hours to gel away in, and if he was not gone then he would have to take the consequences. Lawson was not soared and went about his business. The night of the 80th, as he was entering his yard, having beenin town, he was suddenly confronted by about tea men, wearing black gown and having their heads obvered with black caps. He wae grasped and tied and the band started oil to the timber with him. Mis.a Lawson heard the disturbance, and quickly divined what was going on. She grasped her hus band's Winchester rifle and followed in the dusk until the band stopped and pro ceeded to strip the victim, prepara tory to administering the whipping. Just as the lash was raised to give the first blow a shot rang out and the whipper dropped. In quick succession came two more shots, and two more fell. The remainder of the Black Caps flied, panic-stricken, while the brave little woman pumped lead after them. While Mrs. Lawson was cutting her hus band's bonds the last two who fell crawled away in the darkness and escaped, but the whipper lay with a broken thigh. When his black raiment was stripped from him it was found that it was Daggett, and he was sent home by the man who was about to be his victim. When the matter became known the indignation of the neighbors was so great that they set in to hunt down the band, and succeeded in placing five of them in jail, where they now lie awaiting trial. THE OHIO DEMOCRATS. Campbell Will Be Renominated on the First lallot. CLEVELAND, July 13.-Delegates to the Ohio Democratic convention which meets Wednesday, are rapidly gathering here. Allen W. Thurman, son of the "Old Ro man," will be temporary chairman. It is conceded by all unprejudiced ones that Gov. Campbell will be renominated on the first ballot. His opponents are Lawrence L. Neal, of Chillicothe. and Virgil P. Kline, of Cleveland. Up to to-day Neal was the principal competitor, but in a few hours the Kline boomlet assumed proportions which makes him the only formidable opponent of Campbell. The logic of the situation has caused all the anti-Campbell men to combine under the battle cry of "Anything to beat CampbeLl." and the question was who was the most suitable candidate. To this question now there is little division of sentiment. It is understood the anti-Camp bellittes tried hard to create a break in the ranks of the enemy, but the chairman of the state central committee to-night be lieves Campbell will be nominated on the first ballot. The feeling against Campbell among the Hamilton county delegates is so strong that he is a very sanguine man in deed who would predict harmony in the convention. Gov. Campbell's friends are complaining of the circulation of a story to the effect that he contemplates declining the nomination after winning the fight, and that the Campbell men will then throw the nomination to McMahon, of Dayton. The story receives no general credence. The platform is the subject of much dis cussion. It has been decided that the party will stand by its position of a year ago on all the leading issues, commend the Campbell administration, denounce the republican national administration, de nounce the Fifty-first congress for extrava gance, denounce the McKinley tariff bill, and demand a reduction of tariff taxes. While the free coinage sentiment is strong, there is lively opposition to it, and many conservative democrats are urging that the financial question be not made an issue at all. DELAYS TO TRAVEL. The Northern Pacific Expects to Have Through Service To-day. For the past three days the west bound express from Helena on the Northern Pa cifio has been made up here. This was due to the large number of washouts along the line through North Dakota, caused by the unusually heavy rainfall. Trains out of St. Paul have been delayed at Mandan and a large number of passengers are reported storm bound there. The washouts are all small ones, though there are many of them, and a large force of men are at work re pairing damage. The east bound train which went through here Sunday night was delayed in North Dakota, but the company expects the one which left here last night to have an uninterrupted run to St. Paul. "The Waifs of New York." The company engaged to support Katie Emmett, in "The Waifs of New York," in eludes such well known artists as Amy Ames, who is recognized as the best and also the highest salaried artist in her line in the profession. Miss Ames will play the warm-hearted, impulsive Irish woman, Biddy MoShane, in the olay. Frank Rob erts, the clever leading man, who was last season with the "Still Alarm" company, will play Herbert Singleton. George W. Thompson, the clever German comedian, who made such a success last season in the part of the German saloonkeeper, will still be seen in the same part, as well as La Petite Lillian, the bright child actress, who played Little Gertie, the waif, with such tenderness and feeling. Geo. W. Mitchell, the well known heavy man, will play the villainous Italian. W. H. Murdoch, nephew of the veteran, James E. Murdoch, will play Harry. Gus lien nesvy, Judge Rogers. Elizabeth Garth will play the leading role of Alice, and Emma Hice, the German saloon keeper's daughter. This season Miss Emmett will introduce several new songs that have been specially written for her by Chav. Cooper and ar ranged by Chas. .E. Pratt. among which are "Don't Touch Baby's Grave," "Good bye Little One," and a new tropical song, "It's Funny, You Know, But It's T'Iue." Amy Ames will also introduce her clever specialties, which helped make her famous with Hoyt's "Tin Soldier" and "Natural Gas." Con T. Murphy, the aut 'or of "Ivy Leaf" and "Fairies' Well," has entirely re written the plap for Miss iEmmrett, and the performance will be under his stage direction. The scenery is all new, painted expressly for this production by John 0. Buss, the noted scenic artist of the IHay market theatre, Chicago, and is the most elaborate and complete ever gotten up for any milodraria. William Lalbb and Frank BisJhop have got up several new and novel mechanical devices for the railroad bridge scene, which shlow two trains croasing the llarlem railroad bridge, in opposite direo tions, at night. 'I he whole production will be given under the direction and esrsonsal attention of the well-known manager, Harry Williamns. MONEY AT FlVE PER ('EN'T. I ncle Ham's Rtemedy for Hard Times fcr All Comers. Money loaned at five per cent. in any amount, from 2L cents to $25,ix)i, on Cersonal security,at theold and reliable loan office of Uncle Sam. Office Of Doctor eaight, rooms 310 antd 311 P'ower building. Free Lots. To parties having $1,T.A) or over to build a good house with, I will sell a lot on nithius itillsdah., Chaucer or Broadway. witlhi live i blocks of the court house, and give them a three years before they have to pay ia cent on the lot. Interest only eight per cent. trice of lots, $800, $1,000 and $1,s00, no cording to locations. Address Owja,. Lolenbn P. O. WALLCE & THiORNBURB, ETa-rre 'Vor Sale REAL ESTATE Of every description and located in all parts of the City. Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in RESIDENCE PROPERTY Are on their lists. [hey Also Can Offer Some Choice Unimproved Properties at Most Attractive Prices, They are Sole Agents for ÷i. LENOX 7DDITION, 4. Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. WALLACE & THORNBURGH Denver Block, - Broadway and Warren Streets. JACQUEMIN & CO. WATGHJIAKERS, - " JEWELERS, - SILVEJSMITHS. - Dealers in - DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXBMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I am prepared to make loans promptly on IMPROVED I'ROPEIlTY IN IHE CITY OF HELENA, AND I RANCIIES IN MONTANA. No Delays. Funds Always on Hand. k ('orrospcn leneo Solicited. e - - II. I3. 'PA r,'IER. - - Room 15, Merohants Nat inal Bank Building. I MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. I, J. McCONNELL, Architect and Superintendent. Beams 76 and 87. third floor Montana National Bank Building. .1 Promptaltentlon given to orders from client. at home or abroad. By strict attention to bual amen 1 hope to retain the patronage of old clients and merit the confidence of any and all who may employ ue in my capacity nas rchitect and rntndetf the construction of buildings. f]an detaou i.n spelfiltlcatiu gotten out fee I.. a of any deariptien on the shortetal o , RANCH OF2.o000QACRE u Well improved and thoroughly irrigated, o. Sfine rango. A GREAT BARGAIN! W. E. COX. GOLD BLOCK SEMI-ANNUAL CLEARANCE SALE! In July and January every progressive house turns its attention to closing out odds and ends to make room for seasonable goods, and starts the advent of every new season with new goods. Following this principle we Will, during the MONTH OF JULY, have our regular semi-annual GLEARANGE SALE. We have done an enormous business this season, and are now desirous of selling out every light weight Suit, Summer Coats and Vests, Outing Shirts, Straw Hats, Summer Neckwear, in fact, everything appertaining to spring and summer wear, at greatly re duced prices. We Want to Glean House, And this is bargain month for you. Don't Forget Our Boys' and Children's Suits. Call early, you will find our stock in good shape, with many new and striking novelties. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hattrs and Haber dashers.