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/emit mees at the risk of subscriber malms made by regiatered letter, check, or postal or ox po order. payable to The Independent Pub les~iug Cueusaay. WwPisseas desiring the IaNrawUnOliF served at their homes or place of business can order by postal card or through telephone No. 100 Please report cases of irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insere prompt insertlon, should be handed in before 8 p. as. Rejected commsnisations not returnable on .ess pestage is saulesod. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. BT MAIL. Daily rtaclding Sunday] per year..........$10 00 Daily [huoluding Sunday] six months...... 5 00 Dally [ticluding Sunday] three months.... 2 50 Daily [excluding Sunday] per year......... 9 00 Daily ]excluding tunday] per month....., 75 Sunday only [in advance) per year......... 2 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 2 00 Daily by carrier, per week. [sesen issues].. 2 HELENA, MONT., J]ULY 15. 1891. H,1Montanianu abroad will always find Tnu DAIYr INDePrEPENT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metrnpolitvn. New York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, San Francisco; McDermott, iutte; Leland Hotel, Springfield. Ill. THRECHILD GARDEN. When in 1840 Frederick Froebel opened his first kindergarten in the lit tle town of Blankeuburg, lie did not ex pect that in fifty years it would be one of the greatest educational forces, not only in his own land but in the new country to which he looked with long ing eyes. His own life when a child was one of hardship and privation, and when he had reached man's estate it was largely the remembrance of what was lacking in his own childhood that fur nished the ideas for the foundation of his system. Ite realized, also, that to make good men and good women, it was necessary to begin the work early in life, and that it must be done in such a way that the little ones would delight in it. His motto was Love. He conceived the idea of developing the child in its three fold nature- -as a child of God, a child of man and a child of nature, and on these lines he built. To Miss Peabody, of New York, and Miss Susie Blow, of St. Louis, is due in a large degree the establishment of kin dergartens in the United States. Miss Blow, a lady of wealth, went to 'Ger many, spent a number of years study ing the system, and returning to her home, at her own expense opened in St. Louis schools for the training of teach ers and for the instruction of children. In a little while the advantages of the kindergarten were recognized by the St. Louis school board, and it was made a feature of the public schools. Now thousands of scholars, ranging in age from four to six, attend them, and in a number of instances entire buildings are devoted to this branch of school work. From St. Louis the work extended to Chicago and in that city there is a strong effort being made to have it be come part of the public school system. Then it spread east and west, and to day hundreds of thousands of children in America are wiser and happier for the work done by Miss Blow, Notwithstanding the growth of kinder gartens in Americo, among many people of liberal education, including bishops, clergymen, lawyers and doctors, there is gross ignorance concerning it. Those who have given it but a passing glance will assert with all positiveness that the kindergarten is a place to which moth ers can send their children when they become troublesome; that in them all the children do is to play, and while a kindergarten does no harm, there are no particular advantages derived from it. Nothing could be farther astray than such assertions, and those who make their do so because of lack of knowledge. Every game played, every song sung, every pl t cle of work per formed has a direct bearing on the world in which we live, and the duties and'responsibilities of the present and future. In many respects Froebel': les sons have been changed, so that they will be more closely in touch with our itt titions. American kindergit 'n teachers of experience have so far fortified thimselves, that whether in geometry, tt may or nuttir.mi history, they staml ever ready to prove the ef ficieicy of their system liy pitting the six years old child, who has been under their instruction for a couple of years, against the high school scholars. But the kiniergait n hits beciiit cc pecially popular from the fait t'it it prenares the miinil of th, chii ho i re ceive and assitiltt i ih'' isitru' tions given in the more advanc d grades. This is why it has teen so generally adopted in the public schools iiof the larger cites, tuth east and wie. t in Montana, at-in, it is taking a firm hii l. The diitie utt Las hIten, in many m' csis, to secure ti trciughly I rained t It ers as the aimiutnd is gir.t 'rt nin the sop ply, and the east atys more fir this class than tie vest semis t, think they ire wttth. hit tie chial oo the kiter arit -ii is Ievoi-tnin deem Goi f more ;u , preciated in this stt(i vi l t re long ,t tc'ehers i-ill find hter a ce-y ititng t.11H.al. 5iL (0111' IN aid, that i\Xyosuing, iiiit irati', iiontana, Idaho and u tah shoutl first a comii natiiin through their Woridii fair coin imissi tmer, ;stIt ii tttli-o itn-i i d itt igreeics l1 Thnticttsi v 1as ito tie e- tout aril rlhar ter of ai building worthy of these states, its cost and the prop), tio. which i-it sttMi stir. \ ,t not this in the' tog riut ci iiore liii N facttiry ti all 'tiiiiirmtet thaitii t o. struct hive titlvittual sat it tittitiimgs ti, see, iiigiti iitt It, wirtlty of mire then e liesaitg glaiiite fritti the vicitttrs who hiat cimut ti st'i the sights anti Its iiistriicted by Ititiii The suggestion awittiis careful constid eratitmn. Inudiemie UlIuit, Michigan anti Wisconsin are already talking ttf a aiimi lar coalition, Their petople rectgis -i the fact that miany mif thi- ttid.r antI esat thier states will spare nit lains tutu con sider no txltence in the emideeavr ito have their state builttiigs imiarvels of ir chiltectural taste end bs'auty. The 'irti nary visitor to itn txpioaitioni, if not guided by self-interest or ptrovious knowledge, is strongly affect id by, ex ternal appearances. Hie will naturally suppose that the gems of the exposition are contained in the ilnest caskets. It is impossible for him, with the time at his disposal, t son everything, or even all that he would like to see. The am bitious buildings will attract his eye, and the others will be consigned more or less reluctantly to neglect. To us the question of coalition seems largely one of expense. The people of Montana, like those of every state in the union, are wise enough to see in the exposition the chance of the century for advertising the resources of their state. We are convinced that in Montana capi tal can find a vastly urotitable Held for investment, and we know that the pos sibilities of the state are still in their infancy. But we are not content with knowing it. We want outsiders to know it, and the resulting advantages will be both theirs and ours. Chicago gives us the opportunity, and we are keenly anxious to make the most of it. Under these circumstances, we believe that it would be a great mistake to merge our individuality in those of other states, if it can possibly be avoided. Montana alone is far more emphatic than Mon tana, a single member of a group. A Montana building will attract more at tention to Montana than any coalition building scheme could possibly do. Ex pense, of course, must out a large figure in any sound decision on such a matter as this, but it ought to be within the limits of Montanian ingenuity to devise some building so unique as to compel attraction, even though its cost does not rival that of the Eittel tower. If our state appropriation ties us down to an erection that we should not care to pho tograph, and if the combined ingenuity of our citizens cannot atone for the brev ity of our purse, coalition is probably our only resource. But, if we are to reap the advantages the exposition should bring us in its train, the state of Montana should have an exposition building of its own. Tur merchants of Omaha have ac cepted the invitation to visit Montana and promise to be with us before the summer is over. The commercial inter ests of Montana and Nebraska, joined together for a common purpose, will accomplish whatever they under take. Let the "plan of campaign" be speedily arranged and then all work to gether for the rapid building of a rail road between the capital of Montana and the commercial metropolis of Ne braska. NEw POtRY city is niaking a doter muned move to establish cheap lodging houses for women, and seems likely to succeed. They will be run, not on a philanthropic but on a purely business basis. For from 15 to 30 cents a woman can obtain in one of them a decent and private lodging for the night, and for ten cents more can get her breakfast in the morning. '[hle plan should com mand success. Decent surroundings are a grand help to morality. TuH story of Lieut. Brett's bravery and cool-headedness in a hostile Indian camp, published elsewhere, will un doubtedly stand that young oflicer in: good stead in the future. The lieuten ant has many friends in Montana who will rejoice in his escape and take pride in the way he conducted himself in a trying situation. A PIAGUE of locusts or grasshoppers is among the things which the farmer of I the middle west has reason to fear this year. There is not much danger from that source in Montana, however. Should eastern Colorado, Kansas or even Dakota be devastated the pests cannot get far into Montana, the snow-capped ranges acting as an impassable barrier. IT is reported that a mine of moor schaum has been discovered near Silver (City, Now Mexico. Experts pronounce it the genuine article It is the first discovery of incerschauin in this coun try. Is it in the wind to raise the duty on the imported article? Ior a time, the British cruiser ililik will probably be the fastest war ship ailoat. lut this country has a dark horse in the Pirate that will haul down the British colors. Sure thing. Vi it x with military iiists and labor saving oevices on our new cruisers, the sailors are iltually enifering for want of exercise alnd crying for dumb-bells, clubs asid six i glo"-. N RiF' I Chll tament of the Brit isl hois, of c iaunous, prohibiting the om ployi nt of children uiler eleven yearsi of ago, amfeiteilsl,0 lit little workers. Tilime is a propoial to transfer oil iimied iong'rixioial eliitions to the iel hunal of the circuit cnurt judgiss. Who is goim.g to lpoiit the jliiisi I w 1 iters of mi rlr sslsouipl:ui thiit they Lave to i i'y from twenty cinti i to one doliir per iay to the proliiitors for hei prlvilgii of sime.in' SI i ot, openii ti I raci'l I( tw'i''i S .\ilb will ievonth ; l'enues.lF5 woubl he app~recinted by the driivers of nervous Iiilml . liii p.a. l :-Jixmes I ate i~roliit,tig, the orliploymnict of rhiblrien under thir ticin. 'Tlhat guos the hiritisherx iii biette r. A v mx largo iris ill Now Jersoy is ilivvoteil to grape gro wiug, wil Ili. ii dimltri is ixtnihung -vcry y Dr. T'ii New York Siin tI ikls that Iiir tugall, inmagnificant a:; it is, '!;II give iii. rope a great deal of Iroll i, Foii t ou nid won iii mire emiployei in the vanc s ioviriment departm wiiile sit Was abinton. li e l)rSl tatillllliier. liuitos, hens., huly'l4.-I 'rsons arriving heri from eastern ('iloradm bring thi in formation that the grassbopuers there arne nlt the red legied variety which devasted lansns in INi7, and are not destructiv-. A private disnaitchi from (iiirdci City, Kans., says grasshupiuers in Findliy and heurny counties ate doing coisulisid ble daiage to gardens and orhuards. Small grain is too far advanoed to ho greatly injured. LOCAL ETCH1N(18. The editorial rooms of Tua luD55'aDaNT are now on the second floor of the building, in the rooms formerly oacupied by the Hendricks club. The move gives a decided advantage to gentiomen in wrath who want to whale the blankety, blank blank who wrote that article. Heretofore a man in the most furious frame of mind, after climbing the stairs to the eyrie in which the staff of the paper was perched, was in snch a state of breathlessness that he could roar scarce ly as vooiferously as a young dove, and was so wilted that he could but gasp a request to be thrown into a chair. Generally, after the good otices of the staff had been exert ed to bring him to, the irate visitor was so sensible of the kindness shown that he would compliment the weather and the paper and go hence, thanking his lucky. stars that he could still breathe. All this is now changed. The editorial rooms are easy of access, light and comfortable in all respects, and all friends and the members of the committee on the suppression of news will be cordially entertained when the staff is at leisure. The working boors of the staff are from two p. m. to 3:30 a. m. Froze-to-Death suggests some odd names under which the rivers of this country may flourish. Starved-to-Death is a small stream in the eastern part of the state, flowing into the Yellowstone. An Indian was found by his tribe on its banks dead from starvation, hence the appella tion. Hanging Woman's creek and Swimming Woman both perpetuate some incident in the lives of two squaws. Stink ing Water is so called from the odor that rises from the river, the water being heav ily charged with sulphur. In the bed of Gold creek was found float gold, thus the name was given to the little creek. Deer Lodge river derives its name from the val ley through which it flows, which was called by the Snake Indians "ilhe white-tailed deer's lodge" from the fact of the deer be ing plentiful in that vicinity. Soap creek from the saponaceous feeling of its waters. Lone tree floor tno single large tree stand ing on its banks. Most of these names are of Indian oririn and were given by them to the early settlers, hence have been per petuated. An event of unusual importance will oc cur next Saturday evening in Salvation army circles, being the first wedding in Helena of two members of the army. The ceremony will take place at the barracks on Park avenue. Adjt. Thomas, who plays a concertina and leads the street paradesawill pronounce the happy couple man and wife. There will be teis bridesmaids, all members of the army, dressed in white. At seven in the evening the army will form on Park avenue, at the barracks, and march to the head of Main street, preceded by the army brass band. Upon returning . to the bar racks the bride and gr.oom will take part in the prayer services, when will follow the event of the evening. Adjt. Thomas very much desired to have the wedding come ofi when Gen. and Mrs. Booth were here, but their time was so limited that it was found impossible. The parties to the contract are William Hunt and Miss Helma Peter son. A small admission fee will be charged at the barracks Saturday evening. Lawrence Daly, the well-known theatri cal man, is the owner of a fine Russian boar hound named Nero. On Monday Mr. Daly walked into The Helena for lunch. and Nero followed him. "Go lie down." said Mr. Daly, tapping Nero gently once or twice with his cane. Nero did as com manded, and Mr. Daly, after standing his cane in a corner with about a dozen others, went into the dining room. While he was eating, Nero walked up to the stack of canes, scouted the one belonging to his master, took it in his mouth and hid it be hind the office counter. The hotel clerk saw the transaction and told Mr. Daly of it, and the cane was recovered, much to the disgust of Nero. The lawn party at the residence of Mrs. A. M. Holter, Monday evening, was a great - success. There was a great deal of party, and not much of it on the lawn. The cool evening made the parlors comfortable. Dancing, strawberries, ice cream and cake were the chief attractions for the younger people, and conversation engagod the eld ers. One lady was so startled by the cool ness of the ice cream that she forgot for a moment her natural dignity, and "good heav-" was out before she knew it. What could she mean? luildere' and Manufacturere' Exchange. 'Ihe regular monthly meeting of the exchange will be held Thursday evening, July It. There will le an election of a trensnrer to serve the unexpired terd of W. H1. ()rr, re signed, and oithe till nose of imr;.ortr-iice. INc. 'iTC.i:AiiMN, President. WILL I. Jose,. Hebreetary. Dime and nick!o Ianks at Thre lieu lHie, t3c. tiny on' o thoie- Whitney haby caeririgee at Tnh l,, Ilive and Save 7;i, per c of. iya fw noire lift. MONEY AT FIVE PER ('ENT. (rnde 'tarn's Ielimeily for Harl Timoes (er All ('nunerS. Money loaned at five per cent, in any aoninent, from , cents to a27,15i0), oi i orsonal securitn,at the old and reliabln loan oflice of Uncle Saut. Of Doctor Haight, rooms 210 and 311 lower building. 'I't parties hiving $I,$O) or ovner to build ii good house with, I will nell ii lot ot either II liedale, Ilhaice or Itrinniway. within live blocks of the court hou si, cud give tt-itm three viars btfiorn they hlive Iii t re--ct -Ii -t lot. latte ,. .t iiiitl i-i t l At. (r ent. irice of lot-, i;'i ,111)) i rr yt,'itt, ac coeditin to locatiini i. r.l ites-, (h--n'il Ii "]t iii I, tI. I.ýeI~itrLodge\o -:, .1) .0 . 1 }}ý,, AF I.ýI" v11 1,."3 11ej Thill .11 t1 roe. liailiy ir1.e--, t., iii i. S iiTON. n.-. .-. N.Ii 11 **RESvl'RA 1' I~N`,r~ut Ii `.~ Mil 'III' si 11 X - 1. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c Ir:trý r~ il',lrirý" iiie i--r ii I~A [A.RAN OPIEN I)\Y AM) NI(4TM. Me Is Sent Out at All Hout. 3 First-Glass Dinners For $1. CO.MMUTATION TICKETS , $:,.10 fur . LAY IMAM) *7.00 1.EIRt WiEEit, S ALLACE & THORNBURGH, "EEa-zze 340Xe Sale REAL ESTATE Of every description and located in all parts of the City. Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in RESIDENCE PROPERTY Are on their lists. Cliy Also CIan Oller Soffe Chioice tflifflpoved Properties at M1ost Attractive Prices, They are Sole Agents for *" LENOX TDDITION, * Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. ALLACE & THORNBURGH Denver Block, - Broadway and Warren Streets. JACQUE~IN&CO WATGHJVIAKERS, JEWELERS, - SLVEJ SMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS WATCHES. SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repniring, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tona Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SP1TECIALTY ! CALL ANP EXAMI1NE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I an, (,r1ard to make loans promptly on l t'IIOVi;l) i'itOPERilTY IN '1LE IT'i tF it ENA, AND ItANt'IIES IN MONTANA. No Itolays. Fun,,o Always on lined. torre.pon ,. 4,olicitel. - - Ii. B3. iPAIAIEl.. - - aloom 1:. Merehanto National Biauk Building. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. J. McCONNELL, Architect and Superintendent. Beomas 86 and 37, third floor Montana National Bank tuilding. Prompt~attoution given to orders from clients at hom,,, r atrýad. ty ,tairt attontion to tni ato I holtpit r twin tht patronae, of old alieots and wri' the, contidenco of any and all who ntpnfleo:,iomj 0,,' loop tiatity aonarotitrmet sad ]tane Intuil. anil alt~otfiuiatiooar goittr out f.I btidinge of an duaint ti031o0 t.'tW shortta.3 no itie. RANCH OF 2,000ACRE 'Intl improvl and thoroughly irrigated, on Itn, rang,,. A (ItiR AT JAItUAIN! W. E. COX. GOLD BLOCK 0 OUJR o Senmi-Anuual1 Ulearaime Sale A PRONOUNCED SUCCESS:. The first week of our Clearance Sale has been a decided success. To furth er stimulate the sale now going on, we have concluded on a further REiTiI9N OF 10 PER CENT. on the already cut prices on our suits for. Men, Boy's and Children. We want to clean house and the goods MUST GO. This sale will last during the remain der of this month. By August 1 our Fall Goods will commence to arrive. Come soon for JULY'S GOOD BARGAINS. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haber dashers.