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Zemittanoce at the risk of msubsriber unless ade h. registeed letter, check, or postal or ex. pose"eoder, payable to The Independent Pub Ireeadesirlrng the IND!PzEDINT served at their Ihmeb or place of buasines can order by postal cah4 o th u h telephone N 100. Plese report cae at irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insare prompt laserteon, eaold be handed in before p. a. Bejected ommentenlatlens not retrnable an lme postage is enolosed. TIraLs OF SUB8CRIPITION. BY MAIrL Dally [lalading Sanday] per year.......... $10 00 Daily [including Sunday] six months...... 5 00 Daily tinoludg 8unday] three months... 2 50 Daily [excluding Snday] per year......... 9 0 Daily [exoludiag Sundap] per month...... 75 Sunday only [in advancel per year......... 21) Weekly 'in advance only]per year......... 00 Doily by carrier, per week. leaven eissue].. ,2 HELENA. MONT., JULY 18. 1891. W'nheatnane abroad will always find Tim DAILY 1NDlrrxNDNT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, New York: West, Minneapolis Baldwin and Palace, San Francisco: McDermott, Butte; Leland Notel, Bprlnaeld. Ill. ORACKEDI) CHINA. There's something rotten in the state of China, and there has been for a long time. The congested condition of the population, combined with the scarcity of food in many of the provinces, per petually fans the flame of popular dis content. Insurrection has become a chronic disease of the empire. Forty years ago the Pai-ping rebellion arose from the very same causes that are operating to-day. Tens of thousands of Chinamen flocked around the banner of revolt. They overran the fairest pro vinoes of the empire ..anl for thirteen I years held the resources of ollicialdom at t bay. Indeed, it was not until Gordon I was invested with the control of the campaign that the Chinese authorities e were enabled to regain some measure of i composure and finally to beat down the 1 rebellion under their feet. The griev- i ances of the insurrection of forty years I ago are as rank as ever they were. Not t a year passes but in one province or i another numbers of the native popula- I tion perish of famine. Crop failures, s inundations, the wretched system of transportation in vogue, and the gulf that separates the governors from the governed are only a few of the many t causes that might be alleged for this miserable state of affairs. It is not thlt the masses have any distinct conception r of the incapacity of their rulers. In deed, the peo lo have not yet attained d to any distinct idea of what the func tions of a government should be. Their revolts are the objectless swellings and mutterings of a sea of popular discon- a tent rather than resolute endeavors to substitute the new form of government for the old. Loyalty and disloyalty are equally unknown. The Chinese forces n flatly refused to fight the English in '38 and the French in '82, but several con turies have gone by since there was any a clean out rebellion against the imperial e dynasty. The time is out of joint, but 0 the Chinese people are as hazy as the prince of Denmark ever was as to how t they shall set it right. The insurgent%, who are at present it plundering a section of the empire, are probably in an equally vague condition of mind. They are conscious of their d wrongs and sufferings. Their discon tent demands some victims. Who they may be is a matter of little importance. Some one ought to suffer, and they are willing to exercise a wide liberality of judgment.. And this is just where their action involves American interests. It is not that they are robbing and niassa- s cring their own countrymen. That is a ; misfortune we might manage to console 1 ourselves for, and leave to the discrotion I1 of the constituted authorities of the em- i pire. But the rebels are not content to e stop there. Foreigners and mission aries are their special detestation. Itare stop tnere. I'orelgners and mission aries are their special detestation. Rave prejudice is strong among the ignorant population of China, as indleed it l everywhere in the same class. The carefully tended homes of American missionaries are in striking contrast with the wretchedness of their own surroundings, and with the usual in stincts of a mob, they are eager to plun der and murder those who are better situated than themselves. China and Japan are well stocked with American missionaries. In the singlo pirovice of (hiih-li, therei are said to be no less than lifly-two. Their citi zenship entitles them to the protection of this country. Erperienco ought to have taught us what to expect from the government authorities at Peking. They will express the profoundest regrets. T ny will pay and pay largely for the S : !ccled of their mobre. lIt resolute tr 'sr ent of the national sore is a more h ict course of action than they could ev ' ,e expected to oe guilty of. We n ,1 a ministor to (Chino, need him Cs p i:dly at the pre:,t time. Blair has u"awn hi's salatry long -noiu;ih. Boe jicuin Ilharri.son would show ,uno, etis dumu in atowelung i - hnred.tl to tILe ill. torests of our citizens in tio flowery kingdom. f'ii inl,,irtant dii.erng for 0 renomuoniati un cau ;stand by for a while mnd if the boy cannet Io truberd toi keep hin mouth closed for a iil!uilo \ilihe father's back is turned, he had better ba muzzled this hot weather. SHIAKI, IEA &TT, F:. When the friends of Seattl fC, oud that it was not possible 1i s(-cure the ametinr of the National E'!reational assoi:!tiori for that city tihey loyally stood by the northwest andi votedrtr for .a:uslea, decidrineg the contest in our fa 'oic. 'JThe geerosity of t:ie ,un ni[ city is recognized in this state, ad whlen oplportanity to reciprocair is offered lHlona will demonstrate her apprecia tion. Many olf the teachers ind tour ists who will be drawn hero by the meeting nexot year will continue their trip on to the coast and will learn for themselves the truth of the mearvolous idvelopment of our sister Washington and of its wonderful cities, of Seattle the mnst wonderful. ".'-_LUY.T . Z - --- - "---'L_"'Y. So:s yrears ago thel legislature of the then Corrntory of Montana passed a bunelty law ws-hilh, before its repeal, took e.nmething !ike $1oIJ.( X) out of the state kteaurj. Iho itsture of the law which c cost the most was that relating to gophers. California is now having a somewhat similar experience, owing to a bounty law pasaed by the last legisla ture. In that state the scalp of a coyote is worth five dollars, and the coyote in dustry promises to become one of the most flourishing. The first quarterly returns are Just coming into the state comptroller's office, and eleven counties present claims aggregating $10,890. The certificates are made out to individual slayers, and the employment of a "co yote clerk" has become a necessity. Forty-three counties have yet to be heard from. Coyote farms are reported as having been established in the south ern desert, while the Indians have formed hunting expeditions. It bids fair to beat Montana's gopher record. Tn.aRaE was general rejoicing yesterday over the great victory achieved by the Helena delegation to Toronto in secur ing the meeting of the National Educn tional association in this city next year. And as the magnitude of the event be came fully understood the rejoicing be came all the more intense. The victory was a famous one and will prove of more lasting benefit than any other event in the history of the state. Two national conventions already booked for next year, and more in sight. The meet ing of the supreme lodge A. O. U. W. will bring a thousand strangers to Hel ena who will put in from one to two weeks in the state. The teachers' con vention will bring from six to eight thousand more who will stay as long. Next year will be a great one for Mon- a tana. NEXT Monday the county commis sioners meet as a board of equalization, and the prospect is that they will be kept busy hearing the protests of a good many large property owners. In sev eral instances that have come to our notice assessments for this year are from 50 to 100 per cent. higher than they were last year. The meeting of the commissioners next Monday will be f the only opportunity any persons dissat- r isfied will have of asking that the figures s be changed. All persons interested e should govern themselves accordingly. J. A. McK~miiTr, editor of the Jour- f nal, will appear before Judge MclIat- t ton, in Butte, this morning, in response d to a summons citing him to show cause why he should not be adjudged guilty of I contempt of that court. Mr. Boos and Mr. Bowie wore permitted to send affi davits, in which they denied either '1 knowledge or responibility for the of- e fending publication. It is said that Mr. p McKnight acknowledges the authorship b and responsibility. A BosroN statistician has been exam ining the records of hundreds of ready made clothing establishments in this country. The average height of the New Englander he finds to be five feet eight and one-half inches; that of the south erner, five feet ten. The average weight of the American citizen varies from 155 to 160 pounds. Both average height and weight have perceptibly increased since the war. The size of grandfather's hat is next in order. A s'rIT is pending to decide who in vented the carbon filament for the incan descent light. The decision did involve $2,000,000, but the proposal to substi tute a practically indestructible block of carbon for the filament naturally al ters the stat of affairs. Inventors can not afford to rest on their oars. SecnE1Anyv PROCTORr declares that de sertions from the army are less now than at any time since the close of the war. 'the percentage for the present year is iwwn to six. Recent improvements in the soldier's condition are already taking ieffct. A B.trrTisH government report dis putes the theory that la grippe is spread by atmospheric conditions, and asserts that it is propagated by personal con tact. A desert island has its advan tages. Fonl several years an English proprie tor of 8,000 acres has been in the habit of sharing profits with his farm labor ers. lie seoures steady and satisfactory workers. FAtM lands form 29 per cent of the entire acreage of this country. The farmers' share of protection can be ex pressed in fractional parts. Tnz congratulations of Butte are acknowledged in advance. THIS IS FUN. Hound asleep--the man who snores. Puck. A fellow who always walks when he goes to cee hi.; Girl is apt to becIome beau-legged. --Iuffalo Ixpres-. 13ntley (in history examnination)--They say that his o:y repeats itself. Ah! if it would but repeat itself to mie. We are ;eorming more and more con vinced every day tlhat Ipeole do lnot like p-one bone publicu womon.--Atchison Globe. A-'That wasn't nice of you to refuse me thie It1 I wanted to borrow; one friend should always help another. il-Yes; but you always want to be thle other.-life. Mims Ann 'leak--1)o you believe that the hair grows after one hes died? Edg..ly - 1)Oh, I don't know. I have knowln womenlll to grow after their haet,'a dyed.-- Brooklyn L|f". Fho--I notice that you are always glanc ing at the clock. lie Good gracious? You don't suspect for a oIlllent that I ill weary of your companv? ;she--No, but I suspect you have pawned your watch. - Humorist. Honley--Smith and Jonos each called the other a liar. Ilive they given each oth:er satisfaction vet? l)gby-- Yes. lhenley-- With lists or pistols? I)Shgb--No; they left it to. a cilnlanittwe of two of Jones' friends and two of Hulith's. to sa who wi.s the liarn, and the r"uonlnlttlo was evenly divided. life. Pretty cirl lat summer hotell-Who is that handsome t: auger at the next table? Favorite waiter-I- don't know, mls;s: oInei country gawk. I s'pose. Ift: don't know nothina' 'hout fahil'n bl*. life. "Indeno! Why do you think so?" "ile as utlon' therU starvin', instoad of feein' a waiter aln' gettln' soxmethin' to eat." - itNW 'u . Weekly. BIG IND LITTLE FISHa The Finest Display Ever Made Will a Be at the World's Big Fair. An Immense Aquarium for the Denizens of Salt and Fresh Watera How sea Water Will De ecarred--Moa tang's Flany ]leantles Should Be in the Swim. COmCoo, Jaly 17.-The fish exhibit at the World's Columbian exposition is to be a wonderful one, and not the least interest ing portion of it, naturally, will be the aquarial or live fish display. This will be contained in a circular building, 185 feet in diameter, standing near one extremity of the main fisheries building, and in a great curved corridor connecting the two. In the center of the cieular building will be a rotunda sixty feet in diameter, in the middle of which will be a basin or pool about twenty-six feet wide from which will arise a towering mass of ricks covered with moss and lichens, From olefts and crevices in the rooks crystal streams of water will gush and drop to the massesof reeds, rushes, and ornamental semi-aquatic plants in the basin below. In this pool gorgeous gold fishes, golden ides, golden tench, and other fishes will disport. From the rotun da one side of the larger series of aqua ria may te viewed. These will be ten in number and will have a capacity of 7,000 to 27,000 gallons of water. Passing out of the rotunda by the en trances a great corridor or gallery is reached where on one hand can be viewed the opposite side of the series of great tanks and on the other a line of tanks somewhat smaller, ranging from 750tol,500 gallons each in caeacity. The corridor or gallery is about fifteen feet wide. The en tire length of the glass fronts of the aquaria will be about 575 feet or over 3,000 square feet of surface. They will make a pano rama never before seen in any exhibition, and will rival the great permanent aqua riums of the world not only in size but in all other respects. The total water capacity of the aquaria, exclusive of reservoirs, will be 18,725 cubic feet, or 140,000 gallons. 'this will weigh 1,192.425 pounds, or almost 600 tons. Of this amount about 40,000 gallons will be devoted to the marine exhibit. In the en tire salt water circulation, including reser voirs, there will be about 80,000 gallons. The pumping and distributing plant for the marine acquaria will be constructed of vul canite. The pumps will be in duplicate and each have a capacity of 3,000 gallons per hour. The supply of sea water will be secured by evaporating the necessary quantity at the Woods Hall station of the United States Fish commission to about one-fifth its bulk, thus reducing both quantity and weight for transportation about80per cent. The fresh water required to restore it to its proper density will be supplied from Lake Michigan. In transporting the marine fishes to Chiongo from the coast there will also be an addition of probably 8,000 gal lons of pure sea water to the supply on each trip. FAIR NOTES. Mloney Appropriated by Foreign Coun trlFn-Soue Features. Thus far an aggregate of $2,695,000 has been appropriated by twenty-nine states ror representation at the World's fair. Twenty-four foreign nations have now flacially accepted the invitation to partici )ate in the exposition. Russia, Turkey, )enmark, Persia and Egypt are among the ecent acquisitions. The Catholics have chosen a committee o supervise the making of a national Cath clic educational exhibit at the exposition. Iany prominent Catholics are much inter. asted in the enterprise. The American Society of Wood Engrav ire, which had a splendid exhibit at the Paris exposition, and carried off all the ionors in its line there, has decided to rake a similar showing of its work at Chi 'agro in 1893. Minister Phelps has hopes of inducing Baron Krupp to exhibit some of his im mense guns at the exposition. Baron Krupp aesitates, for, he says, it will cost him .i250 100 to make an exhibit creditable to his es tablishment. The lumbermen of Washington have uromised to contribute all the material aecessary for the construction of the build ng of that state at the exposition, and the !orthern Pacific has agreed to transport he exhibit free of charge. Thus Washing on can expend upon its exhibit the entire 1100,000, which was appropriated. The Kansas World's fair managers offers urizos of $10 each for the best samples if wheat, oats, roe, and other grains and reasses, to be put in bundles eight inches .n diameter, each contestant furnishing two bundles. Half of the samples received will be entered for premiums at the exposi ion, and thi others to be used in decor sting the Kansas state building at the fair. H. C. Payne, special commissioner to bexico, says that country will probably ap propriate at the start $750,000 for the rep resentation at the expiosition, and that it will most likely increase the amount to $2,000,0ti0 later on. Mexico voted $400,000 it the at nrt for the Paris exo sition, and ;pent $1,:100,000 before it got through. reant enthusiasm is manifested over the thicago exposition, and Meoxio will cor :ainly excel all previous efforts. Wild Women of the Woods. MINNI.APOrsTH, July 17.-About 100 miles southwest of this city, on the outskirts of he thick pine forestsof Snake river, is Pine 'ity, a place of but a few hundred peonle. the other day a fishing party from that place returned from the woods bringing with them a wild woman and her 16-year aId daughter. The daughter tells a story of Terrible sutffring and privation. hhe says the husband and fathter of the family was 'nten by wolve4, while intoxicated, last March. Sincet hat time they had had no food. Thii young children died of starva tion end were cookekd and ellten one by one by the mother tnile oldest daughter. The nother's mind finally gave way and she is aow a raviig manioe. Mult Agaiost Grace & Co. NEW YOlrcl. July 17.-Guillomo Bogardus of litan, P'eru, has filed complaint against William It. G(race &c (Co. lHe savs the lirm engag-ed to collect a preferred chlii against the 'eruvian government for £19,1h00. He was unable to get an aoconutilg from them, so hle sold the claiml to thnll for half value. lie lIhas receiivedl only 1,i1s) from ttlhe and Jlhs been unable to collect the baltlnco due. r .ela ('ilie, Ilthe only first-iiss restant I'ls ii She l ie(., Ialics' a'l c!iillrc- ' fut blac-k holi at l'ho lieu i,it ecll vccai saul ic, Dlliclc, and I' .e If thel, guo I Ieolphc of Monlltan would use Iras (,ffic aiid teai; and iiore cluol thecy voull enjoyi b, tier h ai;:!lt. Cofft,e iiil tLu twt. ol V ha lltin.la ,ts, hie-s h 'o'mna it ..tat iN, imr ciivi n) i ,H ix-oiln -ly rllcutrctiul , al, Is knowin to be, it i.e-.t lnervet tCcci. \.ti. I,,o t:.n's Ct o,' a c- n , n r, C Is, nIo, r e.il hliv the1 hli.hest Ituedl:c:l atilhoitlicrt, lbout Ino iis andcthod icintr.. ('Call ait itII under ,1, d storens Ir;ltay nud . I lirday anld oet it delicious cupl free of chalrge. liit Ic, C(ai ..'. Co., i". K. 'I'toI NEaI l. ('0., A. It. (irls'E (GiiucEcsr Co., Cagn. l.e.usiN. WALLACE &l THORNBURQ, REAL ESTATE Of every description and located in' all Darts of the City. Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in RESIDENCE PROPERTY Are on their lists. rhey Also Can Offer Some Choice Unimproved Properties at Most Attractive Prices They are Sole Agents for *1. LENOX TDDITION, I.* Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. WALLACE & THORNBURGH )enver Block, - - Broadway and Warren Streets. JACQUEMIN &"CO. WATGHJVIAKERS, JEWELERS, - SILVEJSMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manutactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL iND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I am propared to make loans promptly on IMPROVED PIIUPEIITY IN IllE CITY OF HIIELENA. AND BANCIIES IN MONTANA. No Delays. Fnnds Always on lHand. (,orrespon'!ence Solicited. - - TTI. 13. I'A 'EILM i. - iloom 1I. Merchants National Ilank Building. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. N J. McCONNELL, Architect and Superintendent, 3 taom. 6 and 7,. third floor Montana National lank Building. FromptSatnntion given to ordars from n lienta at home ur rbrau L IBy trict attention to Ileli. aeOn I hope, to retain lIe patronaug, of old clients and mornt the contidenre of any and all who may oesnloy2 me is my 'nparity ea arhll)et and tpesriarntrnlu, ot, the 'ulst. notion o! ibildlin?.. I'lana. .deta.ls ant rpel..ie.atiouo gotteU ont for blldi.na ot uany deritl.ion on t.a shlortest no RANCH f 2000. AoS. \eoll inmproved and thoroughly irrigated, on hlue raSg. A GiREAT IIAILGAIN! W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK SOUB . emi-Anlnual Clearance Sale A PRONOUNCED SUCCESS: The first week of our Clearance Sale has been a decided success. To furth er stimulate the sale now going on, we have concluded on a further RED NCTION OF 10 PER CENT. on the already cut prices on our suits for Men,. Boy's and Children. We want to clean house and the goods MUST GO. This sale will last during the remain der of this month. By August 1 our Fall Goods will commence to arrive. Come soon for JULi'S GREAT BARGAINS. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haber dashers.