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Daily flaoluding Sunday] per year.......... 10 00 Daily lincluding Sandayl six months...... 5 00 Daily lincluding Snndayl three months.... 2 50 Daily Iexcluding Sundayl per year. ....... 1 01 Daly I excluding Sunday I per month...... 75 8onday only [in advancel per year......... ? 50 Weekly [in advance only I per year......... 2 (k Daily by carrier, per week. ise.sn issuese . 5 HELENA, MONT., JULY 22. 1891. :, ' .Ians abroad will always find TH PI NI)ENT on tile at their favorite low, Avenue and hletropolitan. New York; \ .:-. i m1neaapolis: Baldwin and Palace. I an ... n : Me Dermott, Butte; ,eland llotel, i:r.n id Ili. INSUROENTS in the north of China are murdering foreigners. Where to Blair's successor? SAtesm:urv is flirting with female suf frage. If he should cease his attentions, the next general election may prove to be a gigantic breach of promise case. Sira G,:olt:E: Pow\rVl.t, British coummis sioner, struck home when he told indig nant Canadian sealers that the cessation of hunting was for their own best inter ests. FEAsTr days will no longer be allowed to interfere with work in the republic of Peru. It will come very hard on the Peruvians to work more than four days a week. Tte;: state legislature of Georgia has passed a bill disqualifying drunken doctors from practicing their profession. Who is to decide, the doctor or the legis lature? LowDno~ , which is nearly as populous as Ireland, has not half the membership in the house of commons. The conserv atives are out for a redistricting and hoping for the gain of several members. THE advocates of the "fig-leaf" in England have received a magistrate's order to destroy photographs of the works of Gerome and other great Erench artists. The national gallery remains open. WIHAT's this? Senator Carlisle, charged with the acceptance of a house from the Kentucky Lottery company, says the author of the false story was once president of a base ball club. Is it a strike or a foul? BOLIVIA recognizes the insurgents in Chili on the shaky ground that, when a republic is divided into two parties and both have recourse to arms, civil war re sults and both must be recognized as sovereign powers. Curious doctrine for a republic. It sounds like a thump of the kaiser's fist. T.Israe are the elements of a very pretty storm in Europe just at present. The Russians have a stronger military force on the international boundary than the Germans have, and both mean to be at the head of the poll. France is sulking at England's reception of the kaiser and indignant at the restrictions placed on her "drummers" in Alsace Lorraine. Russia is going to welcome a French fleet and the czar will visit Paris. Who will tread on the tail of my coat? M.INIcIPAI, corruption seems rampant in Denver. Rarely a day goes by that the papers do not chronicle the discov ery of some new source of wastefulness. The News of Saturday says: "The latest steals uncovered at the city hall consist of a $50 desk turned in at $255; common cots for the use of the firemen, eleven at $35 and eleven at $43 each, and pillows at $9 each. No wonder an in come of $1,000,0(1) a year would not pay the expenses of the Londoner city gov ernment." Tin; esteemed Standard feels moved to remark that the mineral land contro versy carried on so effusively by the Butte papers, is profitless. As the ques tion is for the courts to decide, without prejudice or favor, it seems to us that the conclusion of the Standard is emi nently wise. It cannot be that the es teemed Inter-Mountain has set itself to the task of expounding the law for thi benefit of learned judges or is engaged in an effort to work up a "prejudlice" that will prevent justice being dlone? QUAYv himself hath said it, tlhat he may resign as chief dispenser of the cor ruption fund of thlie republican national cornmittee. Dudley was discarded by Hlarrison afier heo Lad bought up In-. diana for him, and now if Quay should withdraw from the service the grandson would be hard pressed to find equally capable knaves to manage his r'ampaign, if Blaine should have been galtheredl to his fathers before the noinuating con vention meets next year. The substitiu tion of Hieadsman ('larksuon will hardly comlpensate for the loss of Quay anul Dudley. I tJir-ONi ir:Nr in thie deimocratio rankts in Ohio will be much easier healed than the opon war ibetween Shlerman iiand l'oraker, in tie republican party. 'lihe very Foraker has openly insulted Sena - tor S:;lherman and all his friends by ac cusing thiien of trying to force him "tf, definitely dolinu" his po >ution, and with endeavoring to make him "get ut t of sonie one else nsay," whic" h fhe cin temptuously refuises to hdo. Ie sPays iil effect that he is iooking for olliche for himself, and it matters not that hi, wouldu be a nonenttvy iii the plaieo on:uo lilledl by the statesman and finanwmlr, .John Sherman. Ito wants the place, and willi exert all the Imhchinatiuns in which ih has become skilled by a long course if evil training, to secure it. If McKiniley is elected governor in the ameantlino le will have no particular objection, but, that is McKinley's affair, and the major must look out for himself. As Foraker is the chief horn blower for Blaine in the Buckeye state, it is more than probable that he will meet with the active oppo sition of Harrison's secretary of the treasury, Charles Foster, as well as `hal of the Sherman following. The domea cratic kickers in Cincinnati will all be it line long before election day, and it may be that the normal republican majority in Ohio may be wiped out and Campbell elected governor and some good demo crat may go to the federal senate as the successor of Sherman. PRACTICAL. EDUCATION. The educational harvest of the year has beeni reaped and the fresh product of university education is eagerly await ing a favorable turn in the market to display the ripeness of its scholarship. The young medico has had his sheep skin wonderfully framed, and it stands out inl bold relief from the wall of the down town ollice which he has furnished with the assistance of contlding store keepers. In the breast of John China man, who calls for the doctor's weekly contribution to the wash-tub, it seems to excite a world of respectful interest, but the general public maintains an at titudo of galling indifference to the moed ical and surgical skill that has settled in its midst and that only awaits an oppor tunity to set Berlin and Edinburgh green with envy. While the future Koch waits impatiently for the coming rush of patients, lie solaces himself by carefully noting the growth of the shadow on his upper lip and the syste matic elongation of that hirsute diploma of ago and capability. In lucid inter vals, he wonders whore in the world the month's rent is going to come from, and varies the monotony of his idleness by marveling ait the gullibility of a public that persists in patronizing that old fogy Blank, whose knowledlgo of materia medica is coeval with that of Galen, and who is not even on bowing terms with the scoence of bacteriology. A budding lawyer has hung out his shingle next door, and when lie is not playing poker with the doctor he curses the ill-luck that condemns a future occupant of a seat on the supreme bench of the United States to the degradation of earning his broad and butter by collections. The embryo parson is filling the pulpits of plethoric clergymen who are disporting themselves in IEuropo, on the mountains or at the coast. His opportunities ren der him merciless. The mercury may register ninety in the shade, but a mis taken sense of the duty he owes to hu inanity and that humanity certainly owes to him leads him to ruin the di gestion of the occupants of the pews with the choicest and longest of his di vinity school discourses. On his hearers he lavishes all the wealth of his twenty odd years of wide experinco in a be nighted and sin-laden world, while he never fails to illumine them with his views of things in general from the cre ation to the clay of judgment. Meanwhile the time-soured editor fastens his fangs with fresh delight on the shrinking bodies of his latest victims. In fact, it is not too much to say that the immolation of the college graduate is for the editorial writer one of the great festivals of the year. He marks it with red ink in his calendar, and classes the opportunity with Wash ington's birthday, the Fourth of July. and other national celebrations. When the tariff questions run dry, when Robert Porter fails to make a new break in his census figures, when liudyards cease from Kipling and the FHaggards are at rest., the unfortunate college graduate is bound once more to the horns of the altar. fHe is eminently unpractical. IHe has wasted some of the best years of his life in the pursuit of knowledge that is of no earthly use to himself or the world at large. Compared with the self-taught man, he is a dead. weight, a nincompoop. Neither he nor his class has contributed a respectable total of men to the great lights of com merce, politics or even literature. lie may be able to play ball and he has a weakness for cigarettes, but the chief end of, and only hope for, the college graduate is to studiously forget what he has deliberately learned. Extremes are proverbially dangerous. Much of the abuse that is leveled at the college graduate and the system of which he is the finished product is anti- quated, out of date. It is not yielding the field to admit that the invective once had in it an important germ of truth. 'there was a time when tradition, like a (log, impeded the advance of our colleges and universities. A time-worn system was in vogue that pinned its faith to one hide-bound curriculum and attempted to turn out its graduates with the precision and the family re semblance of a pin making machine. Books were everything. Practice was nothing. But it is a most significant fact in the later history of our institu tions of learning that they have spared no lfuort to keep in touch with the prac ti.-al maturo of the Ameurican people. (Chicago has given us a curriculum which, followed out, might serve as a memorial of national progress. The Leland Stanford, r., university, in Cali foynia., proposes to work on similar lines. \ld the advance is not confined to the latest venturep. Conservative Imstitui tions lils Iarvard and Princeton ar, quick to follow the good example of their younger competitors. I'rincoton, for instance, supplements the teahlig, of geology in the classroom by extleudedl practi-cal instruction with Ick andl hamiIler. It sou)indls like a Ilrulsn tlhat geology, botany and similar studies ca n nout be learned or taught exhausti-e.ly in the claissroom alone, but the a ttemipt sted to be matil. This smirlllll, a nIIIn ber of l'rinceton stlldenlts Ier1th charge of two of their professors will visit western Montana, and hunt the festive fossil in his lair. We tare conti lent that their labors will be ,imutnently practical, and we shall watch with inter est the result of their discoveriee. Short 20.,000. 'Il n:sON, Ariz., July 21.--A court martial convened to-day to hear charges againeo First Lieutenant Kingsbury, of the Second cavalry. The charges are that Kilng.burv misapprcopriated $2J,003 received ifrom auction sales at the dranm utlemnuat of Fort Lowell. He pluaded guilty to the specifica tion. He says he gave satisfactory reports of the shortage. a AS IT SEEMS TO HER. I was shown a most dainty piece of hand iwork this week and one which showed the work of a true artist, although done by a youth of sixteen. In also it is extremely small, being but about five inches by three 1 inohes, but in artistic beauty large. It is an etching on glass and represents a most beautifully proportioned woman rtolining I on the banks of a stream amdog the reeds and rushes, with one foot dipping into the water. Clouds are floating in the distance, the brook flows along with a gentle ripple, and graceful reeds bend above her. One arm is thrown above her head while the other lies gracefully at her side. Agreat deal of ability is required to produce snoh a piece, as a single misstroke would destroy the whole from an artistic standpoint. The etching is done in glass, and the process is as follows: The glass is covered on the back with a coating of soap and then with a sharp instrument the subject in mind is sketched onithis prepared surface, then a solution of sulphuric acid is applied which eats into the glass in the lines made by the artist, after which the soap is re nmoved, and in turning the glass over you have the etching. The back of the glass is coated with mercury, thus bringing out the picture more distinctly. Looking over a Chicago paper yesterday I came across the following, which I thought good enough to be repeated. I quite agreed with the person writing it and could readily note the sarcasm found in each line: "Mr. Moody says that the rarest excuse for staying away from services he ever heard was that given by a Boston woman, who said she could not attend the Moody meetings because she had to remain at home to care for her pug dog. East and west there are not a few homes where the central shrine is dedicated to a canine of some species or other. Colonel George W. Bain, of Kentucky, exclaims against the same fallacious tendency of fashionable society upon seeing an elegantly dressed lady on one of the main boulevards of the city carrying and caressing a poodle dog. 'The same wo man,' he says, 'would not be caught carry ing her own baby in her arms down your fashionable avenue, and yet the highest type of creation is a true mother with a babe in her arms; and I believe it would be a blessing to our country if some avenging angel would go through the cities of the land and smite every English pug and poodle dog bought to take the place of a baby!' That sentiment was uttered before a Philadelphia audience and roundly ap plauded." There is a bare possibility that babies may supercede as fashionable pets the pam pered lap-dog. An English duchess has taken an odd and perhaps almost unao countable fancy to be very proud of her baby daughter. Whatever is English seems "to go," and why not thrs?" +** I went to a dry goods store recently and asked for three whalebones to put in a dress waist, and was not a little astonished when I asked the price to be told by the obliging clerk that it would be $1. I won dered at the rise in whalebone and thought that some Massachusetts firm had a corner in whales-for I remembered that not long ago our corsets were all ribbed with them and there was a time when they were used in hoop ski ts, when each maiden's stays could have told wondrous tales of how the dauntless sailor had thrown his harpoon into great leviathans and from the monsters so cured the sheetsof whalebone; of the suffer ings endured by these men, who risked their lives that women might be properly "staved." 1 discovered that the cause of the rise in whalebone is due to the fact that the whale tribe is fast being annihilated. The price of good bone has risen from a mere noth ing to $5 per pound. Fine whalebone is worth its weight in silver, and the price fluctuates worse than the stock market, owing to the fact that it is impossible to calculate upon a season's catch until the bone has actually been extracted. Horn is largely used in the place of whalebone now, but it is not nearly as good. because heat and cold cause it to break. This horn is made in France. and much of it is con tributed by the long-horned steers of our plains. The horn is shipped to France, there made into imitation whalebone, shipped back and sold to the Americans as real whalebone. A gentleman standing in front of one of our drug stores the other day was leisurely peeling a banana while opposite him on the curb was seated one of the rising genera tion in the shape of a small boy in a very ragged pair of trousers and a blouse waist. The small boy watched the process of peel ing attentively and a longing to possess a portion of the yellow fruit came into his mind. At length he asked for a bite. The man, thinking to put him off, told him it was half rotten. Nothing daunted the youth replied: "Well, give me the rotten half." A man came staggering down Main street on Saturday afternoon so full of fire-water that he could see two moons and several stars, although it was the middle of the day, and loading him by the hand was a little fellow not over five years of age and still wearing dresses. The child endeavored to propel his father through the crowd. dodging first the car, then a delivery wagon and lastly several women carrying large parasols. Once he stopped in despair, then gathering courage started again, in a du spairing tone exclaiming, "Come on, daddy, let's go homse to ma!" Sights like these are met with severy day in the crowded portions of the large cities, and even there we turn and cast a pitying glance at the poor chil - dren, Ibut here in our pretty town where thi-re are no dark alloys and tell story tenement houses, where the deepest de~l'edatiasi is not stamllped onm the faces of half tile Ipspulatlii. we do not look for sights like those. All day lIng on Sunday last might have been heard the stelady tap of th carl)ente(rs' I hrsuner as thliy nailed the hlth on the new school buildiungin Warren st re. t. 'ie con tractors were doubtless in the c('lrches, lis tening to a rousing soerlone the ten com Illnlldlellt', or at their homneq reading their daily paper lind the late-,t novel inder the shade of some tree in their leawn, ''hey no doubt !llought theiy e,,re obeying the cmnmundmeuts read by the preiacher. Surely they were "keep ing the Hatbbath holy;" but th'y forgot that it went farther tlhan themselves. It says: "Thou shalt not do niiv work, thou, nor the sou, nor thy iins ervant," etc. Yet theie were the men ermployed by themo and kept at work the entire seven slays of the week for fear their contract would not Ib, carried out as to the time of the completion of the building. Next winter the childlren who attend school in that building will listen to nu nmerous discourses 'on ethic's. Itlorallte, god IIness and suil, Ilike atlributei which the good I,oard of educationi will doorm it best they should be taught. Great crare will be taken not to mention the fact that the workmen on that building were not allowed their sabbaths but were kept constantly at work by their consolentious taskmasters. WALLACE & THORNBURGH, REAL ESTATE Of every description and located in all parts of the City. Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in RESIDENCE PROPERTY. Are on their lists. [hey Also Can Offer Some Choice Unimproved Properties at Most Attractive Prices They are Sole Agents for *" LENOX 7DDITION, .. Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. WALLACE & THORNBURGH Denver Block, - Broadway and Warren Streets. nS JAC UEMIN & CO. WATGHJVIAKERS, . JEWELERS, - SILVEJRSMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry' Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXBMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I am propared to make loans promptly on IMPI'IOVED PROI'PERTY IN IIlE CITY OF lIIIElNA, ,AND RIANCIIES IN MONTANA. No Delays. lnnds Always on lland. ('orrespon Ilo.ue Solicited. -- II. 13. 'AIAIER. - Room 15, Merchants National Bank Building. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. N. J. JVlcGOJ'NELL, Architect and Superintendent, Jt,oms. :tll, nlo 7, bird floor Mon tana hNatioznl lank lltldinlg. Prompt alttntion givn ito ordors from cllnllt, at bollu or abroad. Ity strirt atlltntiou to buhii nofe I hole to Ietl in the ll a ironat:e of old cl;e.it. aId Irlll,t t. oeuli .lenlc of anly awt l all wihlll n .oll ,:u y weI ill IIII.oy II jarit ae rttelll 1 . hIo. d IIuior" jiundetnl of It. .,,te.tretliot nof lttilntie a Pla.l ,, du'ails nod heritiathataollus glttnl o - t fIr tll:L iue of any -.fe.i.tion oi thr" shor st noti,. RANCH OF 2,0ooAcREas Wrt inproveJ and tholrougllry Irrigated, on line rang. A (IIA'I' IBARIGAIN! W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK Our Semni-p.ual CLEARANCE SALE A Pronounced Success. * ON ALL SUMMER CLOTHING Underwear "Boiled Down" to .8c. PER SUIT. JADDITIOJvPA BPRQPAINS FoM0 DAy TO DJy. STRAW HATS AT 50C. SUMMER GOODS MUST GO! Watch our "Ads." and Windows during the remainder of this month. AUG. 1 OUR FALL GOODS WILL ARRIVE, GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haber dashers.