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WHERE THEY ALL GAMBLE
The Chinese Are the Most Inveterate Sports of the Whole Earth. Games Most in Popular Favor With Inhabitants of the Celestial Kingdom. The Law of the Laud Forbids Gambling OfiLolasl Are Human, and Flesh Is Corruptible. A Hong Kong correspondent of the Chi ago Inter Ocean says: The favorite recre ation of the Chinese Is gambling. They are passionately fond of games of chance of every description, and the most trifling thing Is frequently made the occasion of a bet. This passion is so deeply rooted that not only men and women of all ages and lasses, but young boys and girls are invet erate gamblers. Everywhere are to be found gambling houses, and they are filled with players from early morning till late at -ight. Even the fruit stands are used for gaming, and you seldom pass one without seeing children playing some trivial game of chance, in which the stakes consist of fruit. As in other countries, the laws of China forbid gambling. But corruptible officials permit it everywhere, and supposably share in the profits of gambling establishments. It would seem, therefore, that China is not altogether behind the times in some re spects. Many a high officer in this flowery kingdom is corrupt enough to allow a part of his official residence, usually a house of many rooms, to be turned into a gambling hell. For the most part, however, such places are found in the back streets and alleys, beeause merchants will not permit them to locate in the neighborhood of their own shops and stores. Not because the merchants condemn gambling, oh! no, in deedl but because they do not wish pros peotive purchasers to be stripped of theif money before they reach the shops and also because they fear that the poor wretches, who are turned penniless into the streets at night, might be the more tempted to break into the unguarded shops, if they found them right at hand. Some years ago all of the shopkeepers in one of the chief streets in Canton closed their doors and kept them closed until the governor general compelled the looal gov ernor, who permitted the gambling houses to flourish openly, to shut up all snob es tablishments in the neighborhood. In Eng Chon-fu the citizens petitioned the prefect to suppress the gambling-houses; the peti tioners were so numerous and influential that the request could not be denied. Yet the gamblers were allowed to establish themselves in boats on th6 river, where thev continued to do a thriving business. houses. The so-called "tankoon" consists of two rooms. In the first "china-tan" is played, a game similar to the "fan-tan" of the Chinese in America. It is played on a high table, in the center of which lies a square board, the sides of which are numbered from one to four. One acts as croupier; the second weighs and counts the stakes; the third simply watches the course of the play and pays the winner. The players arfange themselves about the table, and the croupier lays a handful of coprer coin before him, and instantly covers the little hean with a tin Lowl, so that the players can not count them. Now each gasester beta on how many pieces will be left after dividing the total number of coins in the pile by four. lie places his money on one side or another of the square board, according to his estimate of the remainder. After the bets are made the croupier re moves the cover, takes a little ivory wand. and counts the heap four pieces at a time. Take a player who had put his money on No. 1. If one coin remains he wins the amount of his stakes; if two or three are left he retains his money; if none are left over he loses his stake. In this game the bank has apparently no advantage when the same amount is bet on each number. Another game played on the same table is called "iNim." A player at "Nim" stands to win double his money, but has one chance only of getting back his stake and two of losing it. The name is played in a similar manner to,"'Ching-tan." If two "cash', rempin over after dividing the total number by four, those who played No. 4 receive double the amount of their stakes. A "fan" as played here (the same, I believe, as "fan-tan") the player wins a triple stake if he guesses the correct number, and loses on all the other numbers than his own. At "lok." another game of the same class, the player puts his money between two num bers, and wins if either corresponds to the number of coins left over; in any other case he loses. In the first room of the "tan koon," the stakes are small copper coins. The second room is for the more aristo cratic and wealthy players. The games are similar to those in the first room. The stakes are not placed on the table, for fear that some of the rabble from the other salooon, driven to desperation by losses, might be tempted to take the place by storm and make offi with the money on the board. Playinz cards are used to dis tinguish the players and the amounts of the stakes. Although for further p ecaution the proprietor enters in a books the bets, there are frequent disputes. A friend tells me that the only prize fight that he has seen in.China was between the prop, itor of one of these places and a drssatisled player, who thought that he had been cheated. In all games the bank has no advantage over the players. If the stakes are evenly distributed the honse wins nothing. The profits come from a commission deducted from the wi nnings. This is nusunally seven per cent. As the gambling houses are crowded daily the eat nings are therefore considerable but the greedy officials, who countenance such infractions of the law, are insatiable and come in for a large share. So far as the players are concerned, they are often ruined. Many a one not only loses his money, but his clothes. sometimes a man is turned out of a gambling house naked or merely wrapped in a piece of jute. Another class of gambling places is de voted to a game of riddles. The game is curious, and, so far as 1 know, this form of gambling is pecunliar to the Chinese. It is called "old I eople." By this term is signi fied n series of names, uuder which thirty six persons were formerly known. The names are divided into nine groups: 1. The names of four men who achieved the highest literary distinction, and who in former stages of existence were, respect ively a fish, a white goose, a white snail and a peacock. 2. The names of five military worthies who were once a worm, a rabbit, a pig, a tirer and a cow. 3. The names of seven successful mer chants who were formerly a dragon, a fly, a white dog, a white horse, cn elephant, a wildcat, and a was-p. 4. Four persons, who enjoyed on earth uninterrupted happiness, formerly a frog, an eagle, a monkey, and a dragon. 5. Four women; formerly a sparrow, a jewel, a white swallow, and a dove. ti. Five beugars; formerly a sea gull, a snake. a fish. a door, and a sheep. 7. Fontur Buddhist priests; formerly a turtle, a hen, an elk, a calf. 8 Two Tanist oriests; formerly a white hen, and a eat with yellow stripes. 9. A Buddhist's nun, who was once a fox. The game is played as follows: The own er of the gambling house engages the ser vices of a man who is very clever and Ingenious in constructing riddles, and he has to pay him a good stiff salary, for such talents are in great demand. ' he fellow has to devise innumerable riddles, for the place is open twice each day. Each riddle must relate to bne or another of the persons who are referred to in the albove list, in one or the other of their steps of existence. As soon as a riddle is written it is printed in thousands of conies often ones. The copies are sold. Not only does the prooprietr reelive a considerable in some from the sale of the riddles, hut the solutoli of the paslel brings. him still more. A purchaser, who thinks he has guessed the riddle, writes down his answer and the amount he is willing to back it with as a bet, and hands in the paper and stake to the master of aeremoplne at the time appointed for the drawing, as one might call it. After all the answers are re ceived and bete made the managers with draw to count the money and look over the answers. The riddle-maker selects the cor rest solutions, The prise, which is a con siderable amount usually, is divided among those who have hit upon the right interpretation. This species of gambling gives rise to many disputes and much dissatisfaction, but that it unavoid able. The amount df the bet is limited, and yet many persons. especially women, lose a a great deal at this game. Ladies of social standing do not appear at these gamblina houses, but they are represented by their servants and slaves. Another curious gambling device is called '!Tapakopoo." It shows what a strong and simple faith the people have in man's honesty. Indeed most of the gambling games of the Chinese furnish ample moans of cheating, but there is in reality very lit tle complaint on this score, considering the number of gambling dens. In "Tapakoo poo" one of the managers takes a strip of paper on which are written eighty charao ters, signifying, for example, the sun, moon, earth, stars, etc. He is carefully shut up for several hours in a room to which no one is allowed access. During this confinement he marks with red ink twenty of the characters on the strip. As soon as the door as opened the paper is put immediately into a box, whiohts looked. In the meantime a sim ilar list of characters has been struck off on a press and copies are sold. The buyer marks ten characters and hands in his copy at the appointed time, when all copies of competitors are compared in public with the original marked copy. You muss guess more than four characters right to win; if you get five you receive seven "cash;" if eight seven dollars; if ten, $15. One per son is permitted to buy as many as 800 copies of the characters, but he must mark the same ten letters in each. To judge from the number of copies sold every day the profits of the managers of this game must be immense. Women and children, as well as men, are devoted to this form of I lottery. The Chinese make a bet of everything. It I is a very common practice for the ownersof fruit stands to run a small gambling busi ness. One favorite scheme is to bet on the number of seeds in an orange. A passer-by I stops before a fruit stand and bets against the owner, who is the bank. The player picks out an orange; the amount of the i*t is fixed; the orange is out open and the seeds counted. I the man guesses right he I gets five times his stake and the orange be sides; if he loses, the stake goes totheshop keeper. In winter they gamble on the weight of fish and pieces of meat hanging in the shops. dnt time changes minds as well as man aers, though even now when making ehanges from one oircle to another, it often requires that adaptability which could be said found in one who has automatic man ners. However, such radical changes not only appear in drawing-room repartee, street dress, etc., among people, but also `.s the conveniences and lnxnries affordej mankind. Railroad travel is one instance. A few years ago, comparatively, one had to -onsnme much valuable time in an uncom. 9nrtable way to make what is now thought • othing of as a nglht's journey in a sleeper. The most modern equipment and trans eortation faoilities can be found on the mast trains of the Minneapolis & St. Louis railway to Chicago, ht. Louis, Hot Springs, Kansas City, eta, Inqaire of any agent of the company, or O. M. Pratt, general tiolot iad peasenger agent. Minneanolis. MinYa go confident are the manufacturers of Dr. I._g's Catarrh Retuody in their ability to curs Chronic Catarrh in the Head, no matter how bad or of how long standing, that they offer in good faith, the above reward, for a case which they cannot cure. SYMPTO;CS OF CATARRH. Headache, obstruction of nose, discbarge: falling into throat, sometimes profule, watery, and acrid, at others, thick, tenacious, muoous. purulent, bloody and putrid; eyes weak, ring. Ing in ears, deafness, ilffilculty of clearing throat, expectoration of offensivo matter breath offensive: smell and tasto impaired, and general debility. Only a few of these ymptornms likely to be present at once. Thou sands of cases result in consumption, and nl' ln the grave. smellBy its mild, soothing, antiseptic, cleansing catarrhal headnache Is relieved aund cured as if by magic. It removee offensive breath, loss or impairment of the sense of taste smell, or hearing, watering or weak eyes, and Impaired memory, when caused by the vio lence of Catarrh, as they all frequently are. Cold by druggists, at fifty cents. Manufact. ured by Wonr,D's DISpa.SARY MSDICAL As. soowaiON, 663 Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y. DR. PIERsE'S PELLETS t.'ey Gently Laxative, or Cr.thartic. according to siz of aose. ' By dr!inrista. 2s6 ents a vial Aor'S Go1deo rfenla ie SFor Femalo Ire,.. Itlrn; 110.Il ' Ieit S ion the tillltl .i . / Lu relieven sUPlr mounstruatiou. SUREI SAFE! CERTAI.i Don't be liltmlmtir-. Savo iTi ime., t,,t, audmoney;tae u i,;l ei. Sent to anm la-ire' ,res blr y eail , cr1 I alprice,>,_.,. Address, ThE APHIO PSr 's.i Cor';vý iold by R . IWale & (i.. arugglsts lbns. Mont. The elebrated French gure, warr",, d "APHRODITINE" -f. . ded Is Soon oN A POSITIVE OUARANTEk to cunre anllV fol a nl ervon us Sdisease, or lly dlisnr of the - gnus of elther w.ux whether ar SEFO Iaina rom the AFTER exceemlvu Ieue of Stllllullats, Tlobsa(co or i()lIm. or throlgh yotttullll adlscrcetloE, over iit0llfg T.Ec, Sc., snch as losEs e.Braiu Power, WaketOl. nets, Ilensring dWta 'lain ii tilhe Halck, SeInalll Weaknues, L)alel- a Nc vonus ProalltraUiii Neturl' lI Etnielols, leeuc.'.r1hica, lsalllres, Weak Meam: cry, I.on of Power Osad ltnpoeeyol, h 'ichl if o. slected often lad to prematureohl ienl ilsan. lty. PriieeS.Oea box. bxes for ..00 S.lt by mall ow receipt of price. A WliIT'I'ICN (PUARANTEIt lforetery S.lS order, to relusl the moaey if a Psrlsase,lnt iurs Is not eflheted. Tlioue.ansi ol testllionlals from old and youltng, of hbelth sexes, lermaneltly cured hr AiRaoolTINs. Clrculllar tlce. Alddress THE APHRO MEDICINE CO. wasr"aN saiANcI. n-v '' PORTLAND, OR .. ben IL L Zako a t.. d 9ql. bus'rkrr DRS. LIEBIG & CO. Will open obee at IERCHANTS -:- O TEL, t0g i, rsomrain to Aug. 7, 11g1, and on sanmim later will visit I elona each mouth thereafter. The Oldest, Most Successful, and Only Reliable San Francisco Specialists, Surgeons and Physicians, Who havethe majorltv of Patients under treat meat in San Franalsi o and on the Pacific Coast for the followiug diseases, are now in UItte City. Ul requiring expert medical or surgical mervies an be treated by the great Pacific Coast Doetors, now in Butte City, with out having to visit San Franoisco. Entrance to Liebig Vurld Dispensary, 8 Eas Broadway, orner Main Street. Drs. Liebi & Co. are regular graduatee in medicine auT surersy and eseciai pactitionere authorized by the states of Miouarl. Californi· and Montana to treatall chront, nervous and prirte diseases [whether caused by imprudencer, excossor conta.lonl, oeminal weakne s, night losaes, sexuel deb ity [loae of sexual lower1 nervous debility lose of nerve foree], disaasea of the blood leyphlise gonorrhoea, gleat and stric tore] curead. Curabl cues guarnteed or money refunded. Chartee low. Thousands of casew ured. All medicines are especiallyprepared for eah ,ndividual case at laboratory. No injurious or poisonoue compounds used No time lost from bueiness. Patients at a dictance treated by mais and express. Medieis sent everywhere trec from ga.e or breakage. In diseases of the blood, orain, heart and neors,. one eysten, as well as liver, kidney end gravel emplajints. rheumatism, paralysis and all other chrorsle diseases. Write for illustratd otl apers on Deformities, Club Feetl, Curvature of tke Sp.vne. Pile, Tumore, Cancer, Catarrh, Bronhetils, Inhalation, Eleetric , Magnetistm, Paralysis. lpilapsy, Kidney. ldder, Eye, "er, Skin and Blood and all urgl. pal opratLions. Dineames of women a specialty. Book on dis Ieesc free. 'lbh only reliable Medical and Surgical Inti. tute mnking a sl:e^ially of private diseases. All blooddaewaes .ruceosfully treated. Syphi. litie Poisons removed from the system without morcury. New restorative treatment for lose o Vit .1 l'ower. PI'rseus unable tovisit us may he treated at homs by correspondence. All com. muuications confidential. Medicines or Instre. menlts sent, by mail or expres securely parcked. One personanl interviow preferred. (Call and con uit us, or send history of your case and we will send in plain wrapper our book free explainine why ttous.and cannot be cured of Private. Ipe. caland Nervous diseases, Seminal Weakness, Spermatorroea. Impotency, Syphilis, Oonorrhcs, Gleat.Varicocles. etc. Drs. Liebig & Co, are the only qnalified or re. eponsible specialists left in Montana since the new medical law. Office hours fromi to 8 and 7 to 8 p. m.; or bi appointment in obscure or urgent oae., CONSULTATION FliE5. Agene3 for Dr. Liebig's Invigorator at Boon L ]rt Broadway. Butts. LINNEAFOLIS & ST. LOUIS * tRAILWAY, • -AND THE * FAMOUS ALBERT LEA ROUTE. Through Trains Daily From St. Paul and Minneapolls * . * * TO CHICAGO . * * * Without change, conneoing with the Fast Trains of all lines for the EAST AND SOUTHEAST. The Direct and Only Line running Through Cars between Minneapolis and Des Moines, Iowa, via Albert Lea and Fort Dcdge. Solid Through Trains Between MINNEAPOLIS and ST. LOUIS and the principa! cities of the Mireisippi, and connecting in Union Depnts for a.l points South and Southwest. Many Iours Fared, and the only line running two troains lail; to ItANSAS CITY, IJEAVt,. WOe;'tit, ATCHISON, moakilg connoetion with the Union fPacific and Atchiso. Topeka & Panta Fe railways. ClorFe connections mrnd in Union Depot with all trains of the St. Paul. Mlinneapo lie & Manitoba, Northern l'acific, St. Paul & Duluth Railwayt, frcm and to all points North and Northwest. REMEMBER! The traine of the Minneapolis i St. Louis Rail. ways are comtpocd of Comfortable Day Coaches. ltlerificont Pullman Sleepilng Cars, horton Be. olining Chair ('arn, and our justly celebrated PALACE DINING CAR . 150 lbs, of Itagega chocked FRIEE. Fare al ways as low as the lowest. For Time Tables, T'hrough 'icket, etc., call upon the nearest ticket agent or write to C. M. PRATT. General Passenger and Ticket Agt., Minneapolis, Ij?,(t'ElVER' 5AILE-NOTICC 1. IERlEBY ietar taint the unlwersigned receiver by virtue if a decree marie and entered in the rtnitei Statee 'ircait conrt, of the :vnth Jtudcial circut in and :'or the district of Momnana. c Wednesday, July i. 18:0. In which Gilhrisi t i'rothere & Edgarareo tlaintiffst against Helena, ]lot Springs and Sime' iot Ralilroad co rotiany. et al , clpefndants. will sell aIt iu.lic scO itoll. to the h'gltest bidder on tihe let day of Septtmbtr 189l. at the linrth door of tihe nourt lhonse. in the county tf Leowis anti Clarke. state of Montana, at 1 o'clock in.. of said day, all the right, title and interest of the parties in ,id suit to the following described property to. wit: 'Tht certain railway known as the Helena, Hot Sprine. antd Snelter railroato, commentcing on the boitndare linc between the Ilroadwat:r ilot crinc )hotlc proptray and the premises ofthe a:e iwight . Godell, running thence in an eartorly direction to, and through the city of lleutia. to tlhe Northern I'aci tiec ,pot. 'Togettr with all t he u lalle, tenemeolt and hereditaentet,. acquiled or approprihatsd for the ridelt if way ofa ii railroad and branchks. And all the ease tetIts. rights, liberties. privilegeR , franchise, im an itnitisa and exemptions of sairadtrilro d coc plan aptportaining to the ownii.g, maittiaicilig operating tusing anti en jying the same; togethor with all the railroad trKike, right of way, dolowct grounds, otation ground and other landt, etruc trtte, s:ation hause. engine louse, eor ihon ,. fitt housel, a. a shop,. machine hoaesa tttrn tattles. seperetrtc'ture, roiliong Locks, cara, fur niturti, tools. implement', maeloinly, of eaid railroa crl opa. and all other property.renal, peorsonal and mioel. W' ritten bids will also te received by the under signed for said Vpopirte. which cad bits will lie opened at the place and upon Ite day of sale anti openly read as the bids of parties making the eamo. The sale tshall Ie made subject to tho ap provci and contirmation of the abovers caled ccourt. The propertr will not be sold for less than f.wi,0ll), of .hlch m'c at, least $12,000 dial] be paidi in, ash, and the balance mays be aid in six arid sine months, securedi by a mortgage lieu tullton the property, or psuch tl thr acccleity as may he utprovIed by the court, all dttftr'red paymentst bearing Interest at the rate of eight per oeunt per annum. WILLIAM II. CrAIIRK. Iteceivor. New Sioux City Route. P'assengere for the East from Helena and other Western points will find the NEW ItOU'l'E via SIOUX CITY and the ILLI NOIS CENTRAL R. R. not only desirable as to time and equipment, but one of the most attractive, passing through Sionu City the only Corn Palace City of the worldi Dubuque, the handsome Key City of Iowa: Rockford, Illiaois, a new manufaoturing oity, that has beome a "world within it. sell," and Chicagol, whosa growth and en terprise is tihe wonder of the world. With elegantfroe Chalr Cars, and Pullmnn Pal sceSleeping Carl on every train between iioux OityJand Chioago, and with olose eon nertion with the UNION PACIFIC trains at Sioux City, the ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R,, respootfutly presents its claims for the new and every way desirable SIOUX CITY ROUTE. For folders and further particular. call upon local tiaket agent, or address the uny dearsiued at Manchester, Iowa. J. F. MERRIY, ss't. Gee Pas. Mt. •+: WM. WEINSTEIN & CO. +, FRUIT JARS FRUIT JARS PINTS, - - $1.25 FRUIT JARS FRUIT JARS QUARTS, - $1.50 FRUIT JARS FRIUT JARS FRUIT JARS HALF-GAL., $2.00 FRUIT JARS FRUIT JARS JELLY GLASSES, - 50C. •* WM. WEINSTEIN & CO. + THOS. GOFF, Hardware, Stoves and Ranges. Mine and Mill Supplies. 22 NORTH MAIN STREET.