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The Helena independent. (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, August 04, 1891, Morning, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025308/1891-08-04/ed-1/seq-3/

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One.Half the Mileage of the World
Found in the United
Meohanioally They Are Also the
Very Beat That Can Be
Net Xuehl Apprlenaslen Is Felt Trom the
COosoltdbtlon of Lines Into
G Oreat Slylems.
The United States is distinctively the
country of railroads. Its lines, in fact,
comprise over one-half the total railroad
mileage of the world, says One. a Week.
According to the latest computation on the
subject the railways of the entire globe
measure five hundred and seventy thou
sand kllometers, or about three hundred
and fifty thousand miles. The United
States contributes to this total no less than
two hundred and fifty thousand kilometers,
or one hundred and sedventy-five thousand
miles. This enormous development of rail
road transportation and faoilities in onu
country is equally distinguished by the
practical inventions and improvements
which have accompanied it. The Inventive
genius of the American people has found a
Imitable field in this direction, and it is no
vain boast that mechanically the rail:oads
of the United States are the best in the
world. It is true that differences in the
density of population between the United
States and the countries of Europe,the longer
distances to be traversed by our trains, and
other circumstances, create a dissimilarity
in the problem to be met. The American
engineer and inventor, as well as the prac
tical railroad operator, have accordingly
solved them in an appropriate manner.
Consequently, though Europe has borrowed
many appliances and methods from Ameri
can railroads, it is seldom that the old
world furnishes us with innovations in con
nection with our transportation systems.
This applies more particularly in the
matter of mechanical development. It
must be admitted that, especially in the
last few years, European examples have
had more or less influence upon our rail
road legislation and our methods of man
agement. A number of measures, includ
ing the interstate commerce law and the
appointment of state railroad commission
ers. involving direct regulation of the rail
roads by the authorities, are ,founded on
European models. These measures
have already profoundly affected rail
road methods and management through
out the United States, and promise to
result is even more serious changes. It is
noticeable that the work of consolidating
the multitude of corporations which make
up our railroad system has been greatly ac
celerated. In fact it is the general belief
plfthose intimately conservaut with the
subject that the tinie is not far distant
when a few large concerns will absorb the
bulk of the railaond lines and virtually di
vide the transportation business of the
country among them. At the same time
the prospect fails to excite any real appre
hension. Subject as the railroads now are
tq regulation and supervision, the consoli
dation of separate lines cannot fail to in
duoe increased economy in operation, and
thereby facilitate the tendeney toward the
lowering of charges and fares, which is the
desideratum for the general public.
One of the most strliin- differences be
tween the railroads of the Ultited States
And those of Europe is found in the relative
rates charged for passenger travel and the
facilities afforded. It can be stated as a
general preposition that the freight rates
on our railroad lines are much lower than
the average rates in any country of Europe.
On the other hand, passenger fares in the
United States are higher in proportion than
the Euro-ean scale. It is true that, except
an Great Britain, the speed of the average
passenger train is much below that of even
the way trains on our principal lines. And
throughout Europe the railroads practice a
division of passenger accommodations into
classes which would not find acceptance by
the American people. Third-class fares tor
instance, in France and Germany are won
derfully low. But the accommodations,
little superior to those of an ordi
nary box-car provided with wooden
seats, would excite the scorn of any por
tion of our traveling public. It is, indeed,
the third-class rates of fare which reduce
the averages of European' railroad fa es.
Considering this fact. as well as the speed
at which the average American .passenger
train is run, the difference in price is ap
parently compensated for.
The attention of the public and of rail
road men alike has of late been directed to
a development in regard to railroad passen
ger fares in Europe. This is the so-called
Hungarian Zone system of fares. It is a
new idea which, put into force on the rail
road lines of Hungary soashort time ago as
in 1889, has already been adopted in Aus
tria and Belgium, and is under considera
tion and experiment in other European
countries. It consists, in brief, in a divi
sion of all the railroads of Hungary, radi
ating from Buda-Pesth, the capital, as a
center, into sections called zones. These
zones, which are about five miles in
length at flst, gradually inc-ease until
they are twenty to-twenty-five miles long on
the extreme borders of the country. Pas
senger rates from points within a given
zone to other points are made, not by the
actual distances, but by the number of
zones to be traversed, each fraction of a
none being ch:arged for as a full one. The
ysetem in effect produces a constantly dim
i.tishing rate per mile in proportion to the
distance traveled. The outeome in Hun
gary is recorded as being of the most satis
factory character. The decrease in the
average of passenger charges was 40 per
cent, but the total revenues of the railroads
from passenger traffic increased 17 per cent
and the number of passengers carried was
more than doubled.
Various propositions have been made to
introduce the zone system on American
railroads. To test it, however, would re
quire the voluntary action of the railroad
corporations, and as yet no definite steps
have been taken in this direction. At the
sanme time the public, particularly at the
west, regard the system with more or less
favor, and efforts are on foot to force the
zone system on the attention of railroad
managers. It is urgred that the division of
the railroads radiating from local centers
like Chicago. Kansas City, St. Paul and
other points into zones on the Hungarian
plan, and the regulation of fares on that
basis, would result in a substantial increase
of travel, to t he advantage of both the rail
roads and the public.
A Pileasing Tale of a Cowbnoy's Prowess
anti Presence of Mind.
Among the tales of the.round-up of cat;
tie west of the Missouri river that have
drifted into the border towns is one with a
flavor of romance, says a Chamberlain, S.
D., dispatch to the New York World.
When the cattle men had cleaned up the
reservation and closed the Cheyenne the
camp was visited one evening by a party
from a neighboring ranbch, one of whom
was a chbarmring young girl from the east.
Miss Lettie Barton. She was delighted at
the novelty of the scenes at camn, and
readily accepted an invitation from Alex.
Kenyou, one ,f the outfit, to take a canter
over the bluffs to the iiver.
They were nearingl the blaruffs when sud
denly a bieck steer rushed out froma alump
of bushes. The horse which the young lady
rode took fright, beeame numnlanageable
ind bounded sway toward the river. Ken
yon tried in vain to ovea, take her and grasp
the rein of her hotee. His borse's best
efforts could not bring him near enough to
sconmplish the feat. As tihe two horses
r ie d.hdup the blun a sheer precipice fringed
with tsrelto I appeared a few'rcd ahe
but Keinon, W ho had anelpsted the dan.
r,! qnq y lipsd in hise erse and swung
( ti tsati ; iaii odt 'iis held sent It, coil
hiob Apille about the shoulders of the
frightened girl. The cowboy's hoere reared
back he op ttlghtened and the girl was
ipA fromi thel saddle and drawn to the
allll ie prairie d. The girl, half
oe i e,.wa bornae back to camp b
her cavalier, who was prouder of his exploit
than the cowboy who beat the ateerroping
record last year. The riderless ho.se
plunged over the priclpioo and was killed.
Nery few persons seem to know there is a
perfectly easy and simple way to' remove
mildew steins from cotton and linen goods
says the New York Ledger, Most house
keepers use buttermilk, lemon juice, chlo
ride of lime and similar articles, placing
the discolored fabrics in the sun or on the
rass-plot. Such agencies however, are of
ittle value, and are likely to succeed only
when the stains are recent and not at all
Mildew may be completely removed with
out injuring the fabric, which will be all
the whiter and clearer for the process, To
ope pint of soft soap half a pint of water
and a teacupful of common salt. Beat this
together until thoroughly mixed, then rub
and squeeze the compound into the fibers
of the cloth, and spread upon the goods any
that remains. Place the article on the
grass in the sun, and with a sprinkler keep
it quite damp until all traces of mildew
have disappeared. Do not water too freely
as this would wash the preparation out of
the fabric before it could remove the
In very obstinate cases it may be neces
ary to o take up the article, wash it, and
make a second application. While it is
better to apply the bleaching preparation at
once, it has been found efficacious in stains
of long standing, even when the article has
been Washed repeatedly.
Excurslen rates to California.
On the 15th of each month the Northern
Pacific railroad will sell round-trip tickets
to California points as follows:
Helena to San Francisco and return, go
ing via Portland and returning same way,
To San Francisco, going via Portland and
returning via Ogden and Bilver Bow, $90.
To Los Angeles, going and returning via
Portland, entering ban Francisco in one
direction either going or returning, $89.
'lo Los Angeles, going via Portland and
San Francisco, and returning same route,
To Los Angeles, going via Portland and
San Francisco, returning via Sacramento
and Ogden, $99.50.
Tickets will be limited for sixty days for
going passage, with return at any time with
n the final limit of six months.
A. D. EvDGA, Gen. Agt.. Helena, Mont.
CnHs. S. FEE, G. P. & '. A., St. Paul, Minn.
Sick Headache and relieve all the troubles incl
dent to a blionus state of the vystem, such as
Dizziness, Nausea. Drowsiness, Distrea.s after
eating Pain in the Fide. &e. While theirmost
remarkable auccess has been shown in curing
Headache, yet CArTeP's LIrtrL. LIVER P:LTe
are equally valuable hI ('onrstapation, curing
and preventing this anln.,ing cannplalr., while
they also correct all disoirders of the stomach,
stimulate the liter er.d regulate the bowel'
Even if they only cured
Ache they would i[. alm.nt 'ricless to those
who suffer from this lc.triing complaint:
but fortnantely ithir 1c,,u-o.r does not end
here, and those who onc tryl them will find
these little hills v'l,:,thl, in l , many ways that
they will not be willing to-do without them
Sut after all sick head
is the bane of so many live that here is where
we make our great boast. Our pills cure it
while others do not.
CARTenR' L.rr.Tr LIVER Plr.ts are very small
and very easy to take. One or two pills make
a dose. They are strictly vegetable and do
not gripe or purge, but by their gentle action
please all who use thorn. In vials at 25 cents;
ve for $1. Sold everywhere, or sent by mail.
Through Trains Daily From St.
Paul and Minneapolls
Without change, conneeting with the Fast Trains
of all Imes for the
The Direct and Only Line rancing Through
Cars between
Minneapolis and Des Moines,
Iowa, via Albert Lea and Fort Dcdge.
.Solid Through Trains Between
and the principal cities of the Misesiippi, and
onneoting in Union Depots for ail
points Beath and Southwest.
Many hours arved, and the only line running
two trains Daily to NAKSS AB cITY LEAVIN
WORTH, ATCI ISON, mnking coaenetion with
the Union Pacifie and Atchison. Topeka & Santa
I. railways. Ciose connections mndo is Union
DIepot with all trains of the St. Paul. Minneapo
lis & Manitoba. Nortlhera 'Pacifio. St. Paul &
Duluth Railways, from ad to all pointl North
and Northwest.
The trains of the Minneapolis & Bt. Louis Rail
wars ere composed of Comfortable Day C'onscl .
Malgifccent Pullman ileeplng Cars, Iorton Be
clining Chair Cars, and our justly oelebrated
150 lbs, of Baggoeg checked FREE. Fare al
ways as low as the lowest. For 'rime Tables,
Through 'ticketr. etc., call upon the nearest
ticket agent or write to
sGeneral Paseonger and Ticket Agt.. Minneapolia.
If you want the best. They have been in the market thirteen years, and are
W. S. Conrad, St. Paul, Distributing Agent. S. Ottenberg & Bros., New York, the Makers.
.he Examiner and Contracting Senior Physioan
of the Celebrated and Renowned
Liebig World Dispensary,
Has Office and Private Rooms for
Free Gonsultation
Merchants Hotel, Helena,
August 1st to 7th.
Private Office: Room 15.
a. Oioe.s will be Crowded the Last Day.
Special Treatment for and Wonderful Cures
made of all
Sye, Ear, Nose, Throat. Blood and Skin, Liver
and Kidneys, Gleat, Stricture, Varioooele, Hydro
eele, Loss of Vitality, Seminal Wekness, Nerv
cnu Debility and Premature Decline in Young,
Middle Aged, or the Old. Brace-, Appliances,
Trusses, Elaetio Stockings for Varicocole condi
tions. Apparatus for all deformities made for
each and every case.
This will be a rare opportunity to consult the
sld deotor.
tun near what OF F
now Baker City, a CE TURY
become identified with the resources a nd n
development ofthat country. This man AGO
is no other than Mr. John Stewart, one of the
wealthiest and most influential citizens in the
county. In a recent letter he says: "I had been
suffering from pains in my back and general kid
ney complaint for some time, and had used many
remedies without any but temporary relief. The
pains in my back had become so severe thatI was
prevented from attending to my work and could
not move about without the use of a cane. Hear
ing, through a friend, of the wonderful cures ef
fected by Oregon Kidney Tea, I was induced to ttl
a box, and from that very first dose Ifound instad
relief, and before using half the contents of the
box the pains in my back entirely disappeared.
I have every faith in the virtues of the Oregon
Kidney Tea, and can conscientiously recommend
it to my friends. I would not be without it for
Oregon Kidney Tea cures backache, inconti
nence of urine, brick dust sediment, burning or
rci fulsesntsation wi:il: uri:nTe 'c. , nd all affec
Is the Fast Mail Short Line from St. Paul
and Minneapolis via La Crosse and Milwanu
kee to Chicago and all points in the East
ern States and Cangda. It is the only line
under one management between St. Paul
and Chicago, and is the Finest Equipped
Railway in the Northwest. It is the only
line running Pullman Drawing-room Sleep
mn oars with luxurious smoking-rooms, and
the finest dining-cars in the world, via the
famous "River Bank Route," along the
shores of Lake Pepin and the beautiful
Mississippi river to Milwaukee and Chica
go. Its trains connect with those of the
Northern lines in the Grand Union depot at
St. Paul. No change of cars of any clasp
between St. Paul and Chicago. For through
tickets, time tables, and full information,
apply to any coupon ticket agent in the
To Chicago in Less than 14 H1on0
--. VIA -
C. St P. I. & O. Ry. C. & N.-W, Ry.
The Shortest and Best Line From St. Paul
to Chicago, Sioux City and Omaha.
The only Line rumnning al. its Paseer LTrains
In less than 14 hours labetween St. Pal and Chi
tago and while this timel is quick, trains do not
have to ran at as high rate of speed to mans
their times as on other linoes, beause this lin Is
absorter than any otheN line
'lao PalUman and Wainer Vestibuled Limit
ed," ieavin St. Fal at 1:St P. M., makes the
trip to Crhicago in 111i hours, roturing in 1
hours and 2l minutes.
~'The Daylight Exnreee," leaving Nt, Paul at
7:45 A. M. makes the trip to Chicag;o ir, 11 hours
and 15 minutes, returning In 1 hour. and i
This Is the only line by which conneotiona are
assured in Chicago with all fast line trains from
Clhicago to the east and south in the morninl
and at night.
Close connections are made at St. Paul with
Northern Psefic and Oreat Northern trains,
For rates, mp1ps. foldere. etc.. apply to
C. F.. TINLING. General Agent.
Dailey Blocr, No. 18 N. Main St., htelena, Moot,
T. W. T,' sDAoA,T,
Ban. Pe. gent. lt. Paul. MiAn.
ilting between W. (. lI)ougiterly annI 1). W. An
drowe, untnnle tini' firrun nsl:o of W, (ii
D)outghnrty & Co. is thins day diesolved by mutiltti
oonnnnt. I'otlh Isartis' will act in tht settltnn:ut
of the business of tine leto firml.
W. (4. It)tUGlflhliTY
elelona Mont., June 20,l1WI.
26 Dozen Gloria Silk Umbrellas Sold in Ten Days!
Numerous customers have requested us to duplicate our grand
special drive in Gloria Silk Umbrellas, which has been the greatest
hit of the season. Ladies, we have done better---they are here; not
a small lot, but oceans of them.
Paragon Frames--Extra Fine Silver-Plated Handles,
6o doz. Ladies' Embroidered Pure Linen Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, $z per doz.
R - - 25 doz. Ladies' Black Opera and Colored Silk Vests, choice $R each - -
IL - - - - One lot Extra Length Ribbed Lisle Vests, 25c. each - - - -
ANew Lot of Si Blou.ses CAME TO- DAY A New Lot of Silk Blouses
Cor. Main and State Sts., Helena, Montana
r Ut A a n a DLT.Ts
"oftening or tt.e brain. te3ulting in inanity aind
lading to m.iry, ioc er and death. Premature
nvme; ntrany Lonsei anrd Ilpetr .orrhna canoed
by over-exertirI of tl.e branm. self-abusa or over
iodulgenco. Farh box coantains a eonth' treat
ment. i1,0 a box, or six boxes for $5.00, rsen
by mail prepaid on receipt of price.
To cure any cane. With each order received by
no fr six bo.na, accomnpanied by $5.00l, we witl
sond the purorhaer ain wrlttn guarantee to re-a
fund the money if the tre norr nt doe not effect a
rare. Guarcntees irsued ouly by it. it. loarh on
& Co., druggirti, oen agenta, r lir.oat, Mont.
$500 REWARD.
oWe will pay ther ohi reward for any case of
liver Complaint. Dr)tpepsia. Sick Iteadaohe, In
digeotien. (eonetirIation or Cotivetronl we cannot
curu with West'a Vegetable Liver hile, when the
direction'* are strictly cemplisrl with '1 hey are
turely Vegetable and never fail to give esaisfue
tto. Sugatr coated. I argo borxes, containing
to Pills, 25 cnits. iware of counterfeit anod
imnitation. The goenine anufotlrr inme only by
THE JOnr C. Wo T COMPANYo. Chicaor. It. Btold
by it. M. Parchen & Co., druggists, Hlelena.
Srcado Land company, room I, Power building.
Notice in hareby given that at a roegular
monthly meeting of tlre trjusteoes of
add comtany, held on the 8th day of
I ly, 91, hl.so eseossrnt of ton (101 cOlents
per sale wais levied nmon t r capital stock of the
ta- eale Land company, psyabtle on the 10toH dy
of August. 191, to it. lrownr, ecretiry of c-ail
iomrtany,. at thie rompn l n olice, rionl 1, Power
buhling, in thf city of Helenan, Mllrtana.
Airn stock nro'l which asseotrent s'tall remain
unpaid on the irnt tiay of e itermate. , 18.1, shat.
be drrmed do.lni.ent, anrd irultl be duly ariver
tisrd lor sale at public auction. and nltess pay
ment shall be made before, will tie scli on the
lot day of (tctobor, 1891, to pay drlinqrent assess.
moet. tegt'er with the cost of arlverining and
expenses of 1a0t. BM . BROWN,
Helena. Montana. July. 8 t1891.
rinistratoe. of the etate of lenjamte n i. BroIce,
dereared, to thJ creditors of, and all -crsons hav
ihg claims against tihe said r-cetr id to exhibit
thrn ,ith thre necesmsary vonrehIrt, within ter
months after the first p hbli-arion of this nitie,
to lt t aid adriniotratoroat ttie tio of \ illiamo
Hilut hil a Powerr block,} t.re rre bing the rla0e
for thlr transactIon of thi e busirelt orf Caid es:at-.,
at the city of Helena, in the county of Lewis aird
WM. MUlti.
tSAlt:Al J. IiRlltktl-.
Administrators of t.e oiltate of I enlamirin C.
i'rookr. deceased,
Itttarol Jrrlty i. A. it. 1t91.
Fast Trains with Pollman Vestbuled Drawi .
omn BSleepers Dining Cars and B osocbe o
latest design, between Chicago and Milwaukee
and St. Paul and Minneapolis.
Fast Trainswith Pullman Vestibuled Drawi n
Boom Sleepors, Dining Cars and Coaches of
latenstdesign, between Chicago and Milwaukw e
and AhManad and Duluth.
Through Pullman Vestibuled Drawing oosm
and Colonist Sleepers via fhe Northern PaRcfiy
Railroad betwer:n Chicago and Portland. Ore.
Convenient Trains to and from Eastern. West
ern. Northern and Central Wisconsin points. .
fording unelqualled servics to and from Waane.
shi, Fond du Lae, Oshkoeh, Eau Claire, Hunr!ey
Wis., and rosnwtod and Bessemer, Mich.
For ticket., sleeping-car res.rvation, time ta
bles and other information, apply to agents of
the line, or to ticket agents anywhere in the
United States or Canada.
S. r. Ainslio, Gen'i Manager, Milwaukee. Wi.
.. M. Hannaford, General Tratic Manager.
t t. Panul, Minn
U. C. Barlow, Traffic Manager, Milwaukee; W.bi
Louia E.o ktein, Lst, Gen 1 Pu'r Ag't..
Milwaiuke. Wi.
RailvJa' Line.
Montana Central Railway.
Gret Northern Railway,
Eastern Railway of Minnesota,
Wilmar and Sioux Falls Railway.
Duluth, Watertown & Pacific Ry.
A solid through train of Sleepers, Dining
('ar, Day Cuiches and Free Colonisd
Sleepers to Minueapolis. Pt P'ul, Du
lath, Weet Superior and Sioux City.
Clove connections for Chicago, New
York. Boston and all Eastern Cities.
Until further notice Trains will run as followa
11:00 a. m. ..Atlantic fExprvss... 111:10a. m,
2: p m. ai r .., :1 p. m.s P m
6:40 p. m. Ielena A Butto I oral I 8.0 t M.
Sileeping car berth tickets, time tables. .W..
at Dept and City Tieket Ofice,. No. 0. North
Main street.
t:. \W, Prrs. (City Ticket Agent.
If. H. LIANtLY. C. P. P '. Agt. M. C. ll'y.
Silroen that the ndersigned reeiveantsr by irtll sell
at decree made and entered intohe United statee
tireait court, of the Ninth Judicial circuit in and
"r the district of ontanacl. on Wednesday, Jly
.l the0, in which Gilehrist Brothers o Edpartare
That certainst railway kelenown Hot as therings lena, mel
oer Kailroad company, t al. defendants, will sell
at public auction, to the hiBhest bidder, on the
ist dan of September 1891.'at the north door of the
aohrt house, in the county of Lewis and Clarke,
eattof Montanio, at 1a o'clock m. ofcidty ,
with alri th lands, tenementeres and oheptredltent
s l suirt to the following described properto tof
Thalt certain riailway known as the Helenal Hot
uprinits and exmeltions of sa railroad commencing on the
b.ondary line between the Broadwater Hot
r binge Hotel property7- and the premises ofthr
pny appertaining to the running thence inian
eaterly direction to, adn ing thero othe city o
Hel,"ua. to the Northern Pacific depot Togethe
with all the lands, tenements and hereditrahcntas
ciquired or appropriated for cks right of way dof
rosaid railrotio and branche. And ell the eands, ste
mentri, warehous liberties, hop. machi franc house, ir
munities and exemptions of sid railroad corm
nit appertaining to the own, machinery, oining,
olerating, using sea enjoying the same; tougthr
with all the railroad tracks, right of way, depo
grounds, station ground and other lands, streo
tures, station honse, engine house, oar hono, fuo'
housel, warehouses. shops, machine houses, turn
tables, snperstructures, rolling stocks, cars fur
niture. tools, implement, machinery, ofr sti
railroad company, and all other property,real,
personal and mixed.
Written bids will also be received by the under
signed for said property, which said bids will be
oliend at the place and upon the day of sale and
openly read as the bids of parties making the
same. The sale shall be made subject to the ap
proval and confirmation of the above named
The property will not be sold for less than
$8.500, of whic'h sum at least $11,000 shallbe
paid in cash, anl the balance may be raid in eaz
anl nine monthb, secured by a mortgage lien
upon the property, or such other security as may
he approved by tlhe court; a:.i deferred paymeni
bearing interest at the rate of eight per cent pd
--n accordance with the provisions of section
8, rules and regulations prescribed b the honors'.
ble secretry of th interior, May , 1891, I, the un
deratined,hereby give notice that at the expiration
of twenty-one days from the first publIcation of
this notice, 1 wll make written aupplication to
the honorable secretary of the interior for asy
thorlty to cut and remove all the merchantable
saw-los pine, fir and tamaurack timber on the
ollowing described public land, to wit:
Being a certain pilce of unausnrveyd land lying
north of sections 19 and 0, tp. 11, n. r. 21 w. and
running north from said sections about onet and
one-half miles to base of mountalu, contaitning
about two thousand acres and having thereon
,000.000 feet of pine, fir and tamarack timber;
said land is rocky benches and not adapted to
a, riculture. anti located in Missoula county in
tae state of MontanUa.
WILLIAM THouPsore, Manager.
Fist publleation June 19. 128t1.
S-kDealor i
* -AND* *
- ,-ND.
ILawSA. - - Most.

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