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[alittoemoe at the risk of enb.orlber unles maded by retistered letter, cheek, or postal or ex prele order, payable to The Independent Pub. ishlin Comuany. WI"Persons desiring the INDe.rzoxTr ereaod at their homes or place of business can order by postal card or through telephone No. 100. Please report casems of irrogular deliwery promptly. Advertisements, to insure prompt insertion, should be handed in before 8 p. m. Bejected communications not returnable nn less postage is enoloeed. TERItM OF SUBSCRIPtITION. DY MAIl. Daily rincluding Sundayl per year......... .$10 00 Daily includinding Sundayl six months...... 500 Daily [including Sunday] three months.... 2 50 Daily lexcluding Sunday] per year........ 00 Daily [cxcludiug Sunday] per month ..... Sunday only lin advancl per year......... 2 50 Weekly lin advance only] per year........ 2 03 Daily by carrier, per week. lesre issuoe.. 15 HELENA, MONT., AUG. i. 1811. ET"Montaniane abroad will always find Tea DAILY INoePENDeNT on tile at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, New York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, tan Francisco; McDermott, Butto; Leland Hotel, tipringfield. Ill. THE reports of Noble's retirement from the cabinet are current again but seem to be premature. If the socond term scheme works all right the appearance of our own Carter at the head of the in terior department, just about the tihme campaign opens, may be looked for. AccoRt.Iso to the St. Paul Pioneer Press five members or President Hlarri son's cabinet, who were in ollice at the beginning of the year will be out by the time the year closes. \Vindom is dead, Noble anti Miller are said to be slated for places on the circuit bench, Wana maker is to re ire to attend ,o his bus iness affairs, and Blaine, by his physi cian's advice, will spend the winter in southern latitudes. Al! this is inter. esting if true, and it may be true. No strong attraction exists between Mr. Harrison and any of his advisors. EAS'r.tE republican organs announce that Senators Jones and Stewart of Ne vada, Teller and Welcott ol Colorado, and other republicans of the Rocky mountain region, will be kept out of Ohio during the present campaign be cause their proeence would embarasso the party in its crusade against thel free coinage of silver. Next year the re publican campaign managers will ap proach these same gentlemen with hats in their hands and tears in their eyes and beg them to save the party from t annihilation. -t...... I. h.. ,-:- r the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, which appears in another column, the people in the wide awake metropolis on Puget Sound are going to make a tremendous effort to take the National Educational Asssociation convention away from Helena. We do not believe they will succeed, but the Seattle men are hus tlers, as the Helena committee at Tor onto. found out, and it will not do for our people to go to sleep. The Seattle committee at Toronto offered to raise 825,000 for the entertainment of the visitors it they would go to their city, and they propose to renew this offer now. A Seattle delegation will proba bly meet the committee at Helena pro pared to increase this amount. Our I people have work cut out for them. WrAT a difference there is between the language of political diplomacy and the language of cold facts. It is well known that Harrison and Platt froze Collector Erhardt out of the New York custom house because he was too inde pendent to submit to dictation and in terference from republican politicians, yet the president in accepting the col lector's resignation said, that he held him "in the highest esteem and conli dence and had no other thought than that you would continue to discharge the duties of your office until the expi ration of its term." 'The New York Tr' bune, reflecting the sentiment of the party bosses in New York, blurted out the true opinion of Platt and company in characterizing the collector as "An odd combination of mugwump, pharisee and Tammany boss." IN the current number of tie North American Review, Francis li. Thurber gives some interesting facts regarding the progress of industrial and li:nancial co-operation in this country I hat are not generally known. Tiffany &. Company, the great New York jewelers, under their form as a stock company, in which many of the employes of the house are Imem hers, have had the greatest prosperity this house has ever known. L ;ast year the great wholesale dlry goods hou~se of H. B. ('lallii & (Company became a cor poration, and within a few months the big grocery lirim, of which Md r. Thurber himself is the head, foilowed suit. In all of these establish rmets the emrplo-es' have become large holders of stock and in one case, that of the 'Irow I)irectory printing colmpany, the employes have one of their number on the board of directors. WAi.i. street is hard to please. It is now growling becauise of the great roep prospect of the count ry. 1Bradstreet's financial article says that the prolbablil ity of enormous grain exports. in thi view of the brokers of the street, is ,!I' set by the prospective strainii to 5.lhiu-h the money iumrket may be suIbjec(:ted ill handling the crops. Iin lie London market they take a different view of, things. 'Thi'e un'cial 'ies foresees great purchases of American cereals by Europe and says "It is not often ithat the western farmller getls ucllih chance of putting dollars in his 1p,ucket as is afforded him just now. T'1u1 European demuand for grain promises Ito be Im, iore than usu:uly large, owing to lithe poor crops in Izran'ce and otiher countries." We are iu'inhued to ,cceptit the Londonl view of the situation as the true one. More money in: l1e west and less of it in Wail street woudli be a A olesolmes . condition of thnlgs, in pIte of 1he gloom, into wlhi-h :u-lh :a situation would p!ung;o the New York: Slr : exchabunge. T c'Ht: esteemed organl of 1the sun of hisii fathter entirely Iuisapptehoeuils 'i;i: I. - PENIs-ENT's view of Mr. Ilarrison as a candidate. I'nH.: NIsI.isul.NT regards Mr. Harrison as the very weakest can - didate the republicans could nominate next year, not even excepting Alger. Our remarks about the unwisdom of re nominating a president applied to both partles and to all ocoasions, and did not refer to Mr. Ilarrisoa's renomi nation alone. The average president spends his first term in scheming for a second. There have been mighty few exceptions to this rule and Mr. Harrison is not one of them. We believe the country would bhe a distinct gainer were there an unwritten law that no presi dent should hold two consecutive terms. Nor were our remarks covertly aimed at Mr. Cleveland. HIe is out of otflce and has exactly the same chance before the country as any other private citizen. There could be no objection to his nom ination in 1892 simply for the reason that he once held the office, although in 1888 there were many democrats who donted the expediency of renominating the incumbent of the offlice. ut the Journal was never more mistaken in its life if it supposes for a moment that the democrats regard Benjamin HIarrison as a hard man to beat. The nomination that would give them the most serious con corn would be that of James (. Blaine. Oc: Congregational friends, who have been struggling, thus far unsuccessfully, with a college location problem, will be interested in a symposium on the ques tion "Where should a college be lo cated" in the July number of the Chau tauquan. Opinions of educators are about evenly divided. President An gell of the University of Michigan, Pro fessor Seeley of Amherst, and I)r. Rog ors of the Northwestern University, be liove in the small towns. Professor Ioyeson of Columbia, Dr. Harper of the University of Chicago, and D)r. Adams, of Johns Hopkins, believe in city, sur roundings for an educational institu lion. The arguments are excellent on both sides and the preponderence is so slight that the questiod would be a dif ticult one for a jury to determine. Dr. Rogers insists that though very large resources have boon expended on col leges in New York, Philadelphia and Chicago they have been surpassed in numbers and influence by colleges of smaller means in country towns. To this point Dr. Harper retorts that "The greatest and most successful university, whether in the ancient or modern world, has been in or near great cities. Ath ans, Alexandria, Paris, Bologna, Prague, Berlin, Munich and Leipsic illustrate this fact. A great university cannot be sustained in a sheep pasture or in an candemic village. A great city is the proper base of support for a republic of science, literature d nd art." It is prob able that both sides to the controversy sre right. The small colleges should be n the country where the cost of living Sgqmall and the students can be so rluded from the world, but the great universities should be in the cities easy f access to libraries, art galleries, mu seums and historical collections. TiHE DAY'S TOPICS. and ii Clapham, of the United States fish commission, were at The Helena iist even ing. They have been traveling through western and southwostern Montana looking at desirable locations for a fish hatchery which the governmuent will establish either ill Wyoming or Montana. The o:ly section of Wyomlno in which it is possibleto locato e I a hatchery is in tkhe northern part of the I state which is yet to be visited. As this country is lacking in railway facilities the hatchery will in all probability be located in Montana. In the course of an interesting chat last evening Mr. Evermann said that the com mission would yet visit Neihart, the Yellow stone and Gallatin rivers and the Yellow stone park where they will inspect several thousand trout planted in the lakes there a few years ago. Yesterday they went out to the fine rancho of Mr. W. B. Childls at East Helena who a they found many of the conditions required for a successful hatch ory'. 'There is pure sod water with ground drainage flowing at 1,(000 gallons a minut . This can be doubled if necessary. 'The temperature 1 is forty degrees, which is about right. The fish could be easily tiansported by rail from this place. It is therefore quite pos stble that Helena maiv receive the location. I Mr. Everman is greatly pleased with Swan i I lake in the Flathead country, which will Ie I acresaiblh whhrn the Great Northern road is finiihed thrcughl that country. A dozen or more locations will be reported for the cul ture of eight species of trout, and frcru these tis commnrission:r will make a choice. 'Th name of J. il. Eddy, the alleged for.ser of the Davis will, was on 'ih lh i itle ina's register last evening. The signature was written by Clerk Tibbitte at Mr. EI:ddy's request. Just why this was reqaested i;I not known, as Mr. Eddy could mot rbe found later. Feveral preople front Ildon,, Iowa, who will testify in the Davis case, aire also, at The Hlclenar. a r It is probable that Sunday closing so far as :rslher shops are coic ,ruel will soon hie a tling of the past. liurnett', sihp Ihai withstood tire boycott, iand iI, is suii tlint o.( of tih oshops on upper Main ,itretet is oist1 on Sundary. 'lThe oI uriti"r- n BHarbers' union quietly sent out a doislega- . tion to learn if the boss barbers wohuld con sent to close at h o'clock each everling in stead of nrino mnd riun four hours onil .n: drv. This matter is now under discusioDin. It is likely that the offor will be accepted. Manager Srolomnri is making aIl eflurts to o:gauize a first-olass amnatour base ball: team in this city. 'lihi ctti/,"- s will hlave, Oplsortunltias to do thair part by patron izing the gaines. I met George M. ltiris. of illlinae, wtho hlai been irn liMell: s eural days rttendingl th muir einag or le r r lld'n. farr l:man'lurs, of ahich he is a mi.mb:r. M1:. lilay is tihe clerk of the dustrcct court of ' o ilowstine county. and ts one of lthe vei v ftw demio cr:ats iho canr carry that county. 11. says, thliat lllinris is not s. populalrr withl trrumpsi r as before the lynchlang of Ihie fellow wisho killed c'liancv. Mr. IlIays says the narm-, I - tlis Ivuehlrie are not lihkely to Iro urst lo; Ipubie. ,names (. Iiamaser, .'lei k of the court iof Custer counallty, ir arrnthir r astler Mont s.it tI democrat whose potpularity carries litri throu(ah thle political tide. li , isladi.r r bly adapt: I to the oilice of scr-cr,tarly of tie World's fair manage:, an ad will linsh watll a record of flying colrs. Thle melnbsers of thli canvassiilg commlllit tee were quite astonished to finod many peo- pie who knew absolutely nothing about the coming of the teachers' convention to Hel ena. They inquired as to the nature of the gathering, when it would take place, and finally some expreseed indignant asurprise that they should be called upon to lodge a few of the teachers. One prominnt' lady on the west side was not only foolishly in dignant but was discourteous enough to slam the door on the canvasser when he called. *** Editor Yerhes, of the Bozeman Ohroniole, tells me that the people of his town are not likely to repeat the Billings entertainment. Twice each week the boys meet and hunt out all the tramps in town. The visitors are ordered to move on, and they lose no time in acoepting the invitation. The tramps are thus given a chance for their lives while the citizens of the town are pro tected. "No, we will never have a railroad at White Sulphur Springs, and we don't want one. I think that the town is better off without a railroad," said Ben Gardner, the county assessor of Meagher ocunty. It seems pretty definitely settled that neither the springs nor Castle will have a road this year from all information I can gather from leading capitalists of these prosper onus towns. I met Frank B. Ross, one of the bright young men of Livingston. He superin tended the establishment of the electric liht system in that town and managed the concern for some time. Men acquainted with those matters tell me that it is one of the best plants in the northwestern coun try. Mr. Rose says that a road from Liv ingston to Cooke City will do more to help Livingston than all other projected enter prises combined. He believes that Cooke is the greatest of all mineral districts yet discovered. At The Helena I met Mr. O. H. P. Apple gate, of St. Louis. He sells books in rare and costly bindings and bound works of art. It is his flist visit to Helena, so he has not yet found the proportionof bibliograph ers to miners. In Butte he met Col. Ingersoll, who after admiring the more beautiful edi tions said, "I have the instincts of a prince with the pocketbook of a pauper." Perhaps the coldnel's pocketbook will be in a health ier condition after the Davis case is finished. The following communication, dated MIarysville and signed "Engineer," was re ceived yesterday at this office: "Alow me two qurect a Slite Mistake in the temp Suicide en Marysville Last Sunday nite the Engineer did not come Near Lous ing his Life ore did not Sink twice." The teacher's reception committee of which Governor Toole is the chairman, met yesterday at the Board of Trade rmoms. Details for the reception of the committee were arranged but will not be made public. 'he people of Seattle appear to be follow ing very closely on Helena's trail. They are making a canvass of their city to ascer tain how many teachers can be accommo dated and are plainly determined to secure the convention if possible. Our compli ments to the lovely city on the sound, but s Grimesy says: "You don't get it." It will be Helena. Thisky Untaxed and People Temperate. Chicago Globe: "We tax everything but whisky in my town, and there isn't a Irunkard in the place," said John Gansae, a iuest at the Tremont honse. "For goodness sake, tell me where you're ,om," said Clerk O'Briou. "Yes sir," went on Mr. Ganse, "there isn't drop of liquor that is taxed in Caithness, ile of Groat, off Scotland, and st:anaer sill, there ain't a saloon in the place. We nake our own whiskey there, and it's so heap by reason of there being no taxes or ."st:lctions on it that a saloon couldn't ,cll enough in i day to make it pay. Whis ev is etailed in the stores at r5 cents a iallon, and no less a qlllnttty is sold, and Ice peopl., come to town oftren and have heir jugs filled, and take them home and ave a drink whenever they please. 'lhe ,vhiskey is pure as it can be made, and I lover saw any one but a non-resident drunk here. The people look upon whisky about he same as Americana do cider, and never hbuse its use. This condition of things has xi.ted for over one hundred years, and is he result of some sort of an agreement nade Kith the islanders by the English government." Ri . . :rl, 1 ,l , W ow.....l.. Daniel McDonald, of Elliston, is in a room at the International hotel, suffeoing from a stroke of paralysis. HIe cannot speak or make a movement. Mr. Mcl)onald came fromn Elliston Tuesday. Ile reriotered in the evening, and went to be.l about oight o'clock in a ronoi of the annex to the ho tel. in the afternoon a lporte'r went Donald Ivino in the bed. Illo only evidences of life about himo wre his breatihing and wilda rolling of tir eyes. Phystri ns wvere with him until a lato hour last night, but his condition was the same nas when t t |ortir visited his Iore. Mi - IDonald is well known by Martin and A. M. Hloiter, of this city, who iminedil tely pro cured medical assiita0nce when nottiaed of the occurrence. McDonald is :5 yelln old, and is connected with a lumber company at Elliston. The l imlted Mail. The following is clipped from the New York Journal: "The Limited Mall seiored a hit. The roost fastidious lovers of sensa tlut:al 'i.d realistic drama have in this ln' a'll5 they can desire. 'IT'ho e mechltn 0 :l and scenic etllcts ar., striking pictures of tile r ill, and the detpariur ofl the litum ited iolil, the escape alll d lllt creck p rodce g: and effects. As for ti:e Il:+y. it aboundsti in fun, and there is ia tin;, of thi:it ho,ely pathros running thronhL it tlint Is ,lways .vwelcome d cll 0;ItI2Ive of rlt 1. t. 'Ihe wolloirrf lit Il' ehall ia eil eTts of "Tihe Lirm :ted Mail'' mke it one of, if not the strongest attractlion of its kind on the Anl Amateur )llmt. Se nmmbels of the Helelna l No. '!2, I. (). Si. 'I .. an tIm Juivi ills5 will t live' an o te a n . '.t .M mille n'.l.,ht It lt, r hall o l tllr!' avi ,il . 1 . ('Otn etII IullI ..111 the o(l'er2 til re wsil 'Ill bo otl',r ittt.it (on1 , al I ie m ('e'u ,ll f. ur, cake, ti,. e Iar,, In ll I:uilm f -'.r i. will be charlgel for t Irilas .lol, '1 h1e tlll ir islinvited to l'col:I arind hlai r; I t id, tr ..11 (1p,'niln. nl[t l. -I - l\ c rvali will leave: crnler llroadwx,v and anl Malin streets ait seven p. un. Friday ;rl..ing fIr tllhe openhl ball aLt ti l, Ailnan Ira il t Springt. Fare round trlne oimo dollar. Itr rri al. .1xrs. (GUodvear lIL. iilo' d Ied I rim 21" - llroadwe:ly to, 2i,5 lh're'li ...lt i'.n .tlert, theo first house oil Ilb rC.i.t ,I WaVirr, i. whirs shlo will till run'tl itir' t ti ki b n'i, I'r'. '" h'l ('eysele (2i,nel. 'I'lT ('ry .tdt rC,lt anitit w5;, cl i,, yes-a lt.'rday by 100e propruet,.', I. F. Schroadt, on acconnut of poor bulln! S. , ilre. I. ilh,, & (oi . The oldest ut+law!r of t he,", mim it. phy ol yours, u irgI.ns "l', rla lilot, inch W;lx in li6, tnt, but wl !oas, fu , bLtmanti to-oler WVhen the mI le'hl f i.. ýi,,phot, ill ('n - .tant-l wae Ibuilt, more thi: ,t thou ei:I y lrs y tc . th| sturn, s co brick were laid in mlortlar rill xedl with n lollllum of in ltk, land tht e iiiio rg htd been tragralrt with the o~lr ever siuco. SALLACE& THORNBUR H, "ESZ"e T ·om Vale REAL ESTATE. Of every description and located in all varts of the City. Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in RESIDENCE PROPERTY Are on their lists. 'hey Also Cia OIIr Some Choice Unimproved Properties at Most Attractive Prices, They are Sole Agents for *1. LENOX RDDITION, .*: Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. WALLACE & THORNBURGH )enver Block, - Broadway and Warren Streets.: JAU UEIN CO. WAC.GHJIAKERS, JEWELERS, - SILVEJRSMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXLMIIE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I amt prepiarrd to make loana promptly on IMI'I1OVI'D I'IO(l'alvITY IN "HE (''IT OF }IlI'NA, AND ftAN('IIES 1 MONTANA. No Dolayk . Ituntla 1lwayo on land. C'rre pr n ":.'o bolicitod. --H. H. I'A I ]lE,.- Room 15. M ret. hlit National la.ak IHuildn;g. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. PATENTS. Ur:.t-l 'It'.;: l F'ortirn Pot rl! t biaatUttLi I at a tlly, at L o'llutlii rt I 'Dv!A Ul I (C. iRU ;iiSF:L'L, A L.t r. y t I avw, Pil.L:,abru r l3uchI, li .ina, Mont. RANCH or 2.o ACRES, W1'll iutprovo.l and thultghly irrigatod, tl lino rau,-u. A (IHEA'I' BA IURAIN! W. E, COX, GOLD BLOCK TO MOTHERS Vacation Is Nearly Over, And no doubt you are preparing your boys for school. They will need some clothes and we wish to apprise you that our stock in that Line is very complete, and for the next THIRTY DAYS We will allow a Discount of i5 Per Cent From the very low prices they are now marked. We make this sacrifice to reduce stock, having placed very large orders and must make room for our fall shipments. If you don't need any suits for your boys now, it will pay you a handsome profit to an ticipate their wants, for they will need some later in the season. We also have a full line of Shoes, Hats, Waists, etc.. for the little men. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haber dashers.