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ljog Company. 'Perona desring the IToaraosnYrr erved at their homes or place of businman ca order by postal oard or through telephone No. 1(). Please trport cases of irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insam prompt ineotilon. should be handed in before 8 p. m. Rejected communolatiOns not returnable nn less postane is euolosed. TERMS OF UBSCRIIPTION. IY MAIL. Daly [laoludlng Sudlayl per year.......... 10 00 Daily [including Sundayl six months...... l 00 Daily [including tanday] three months.... 2 50 Daily [excluding Sundayl per year......... 9 00 Daily lexcluding Kiandayj per month...... 75 Iunday only (in advance per year......... 50 Weekly lin advance only I per year....... 2 00 'Daily by carrier. per week. I saven dssues I.. HELENA, MONT., AUG. 14. 1891. p--wMontanians abroad will alway. find Tna DAILY INDtrrENNTsr on tile at their favorite hetols: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, New York; West. Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, (an Francisco: McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, tpringefeld. Ill. THE KNIFE FOR BLAINE. The Russell Harrison organ evidently has got its orders at last. Blaino is to be put out of the way. lie is either treacherous to his party or he is a sick man, and in either event he must. be set aside. It does not matter that neither Tracy, nor Wananmaker, nor Noble, nor Law Partner Miller is doing duty for McKinley in Ohio. The fact that Blaine is not there clearly indicates that he must be sick, or that he is not interested in McKinley's success. "If," says the organ, "he is basking in the sunshine of perfect health, friends of protection who recognize in that ques tion the chief issue of the next campaign have a right to inquire why the power ful influence of the Maine statesman is uot on duty as a factor in the great struggle for supremacy in Ohio. Upon the election of McKinley depends, to some extent, the vitality of an issue to which the republican party is irrevoca bly committed. Democracy is concen trating its energies in the Buckeye state. It is Blaine's opportunity to ex tend to the party the free will offering of his political genius that the great in dustrial issue, upon which the camp}ign of 1892 is to be fought, may be strength ened by a glorious triumph in Ohio. It Blaine is a well man his duty is plain." That Mr. Blaine strongly opposed the McKinley bill at its inception everybody knows. It was only after he had suc ceeded in hitching on to that measure his reciprocity scheme that he acqui esced in its passage, but his loyalty to his party was never before questioned. The sinister suggestion of the Russell Harrison organ that Mr. Blaine must do what no other member of the cabinet is doing or is asked to do--rush off to Ohio and take the stump for McKinley -will be well understood by Mr.Blaino's friends. It is the IIarrisonian way of attacking him in the rear. To make doubly sure of their victim the Harrisonians proceed togive him tte other alternative of confessing that he is a broken down man. "We don't be lieve he is treacherous," they say, "and ttherefore he must be sick." Or, as the Journal puts it, "it (the Journal) be lieves that his lack of interest in the Ohio campaign is due alone to his deli cate health, and we indulge the hope that Providence will deal kindly with the brilliant New Eaglander and revive the energies that have so long been ded icated to the advancement of the party to which he belongs, and which has pop ularized his name within its ranks. It is unjust to inflict upon his reputation the thought that he is sulking in his tent in the pride of his manhood when the skirmish lines of a mighty battle are being formed. Blaine is a sick man. When he recovers his health and strength and gives public evidence of his physical ability, and will shoulder the burden of a great campaign, it will be time for his admirers to advocate his claims." Was ever an attack on a public man more dastardly than this? We very much mistake the temper of Mr. Blaine's admirers if such tactics d ) not recoil on the heads of those who invented them. What is Benjamin IHarrison, lounging in his gift cottage at Cape May, doing for the republican cause in Ohio that his Montana organ should demand that his secretary of state should go forth to the rescue of McKinley or be pro nounced treacherous to the caue,. or a broken down invalid? Are we to infer that he too must tbe disloyal, if he isn't sick, because he does that which Blaine is doing? Well might the secretary of state say to hini: "Who art thou that judgest another?" or adjure him in the language of old leaak Walton: "If tihou be a severe, sour-conplexioned man, then I here disallow thee to be a com petent judge." C.ITrnMAN CLAaivaosN writes an article for the New York Recordctr, in whith he declares that the tide of ismmiigration from the city to the country has sit in. We would like to know where lie gots his authority for such a statement. Su perintendent Porter's ceasas figures certainly do not show it, and the re verse is true the world over. The con susof Groat Britain which has just been taken shows that even in the new Australian conmulnities the teidenny of population is to leave the country for the towns. Mr. Strangways, e.x-plre niier of Western Australia, who hasl been studying the causes of this move meat, accounts for the tendency city ward on the broad general theory that man in the colonies, as elsewhere, is ii gregarious animal. "Th nmen," he oib serves, "ruln after one another anl the women run after the men. Thi youllng of both sexes want society. 'T[hey walnt to see for theiuselves something of the pomps and vanities of this wicked world and are not content to be guided by the experience and opinions of their elders, many of whom had probhably, in their day, thoroughly enjoyed these amusements and excitements which they have renounced and denounced in their later lives." The samie causes hold good in the United States, but more than that, farm life in Amerloa has been rendered unp.tOable and almost unbearable by false economic theories, which have placed the whole burden of govcrnmenl on the bent backs of the farmers. Un. til the Clarksons and the Quays and their kind are ehminated from our poli ties, and our legislation is shaped in the interest of the farmer and wage earner Mr. Clarkson will not see any tide set ting from the city to the farm. Why should it, so long as farming is the most laborious and least profitable of human industries? So MAxRTEn have been the benefits from employing electric lights in the factories of Germany that it is proposed to make their use compulsory in all fac tories where artificial light is employed during working hours. Statistics show that in one large hosiery factory lighted by electricity only nine operatives out of 350 men and women employed, were ab sent through illness last year. Before the electric lights were introduced more than double that number were on the sick list. The inspector of factories in Great Britain has just made an interest ing report on this subject in which he shows that the difference in tempera ture in a wool combing factory, when lighted by electricity and gas respect ively, was ten degrees. The difference in temperature was marked by a cor responding improvement in the health of the hands and in every way conduced to the comfort and contentment of the workmen. The good results that have followed the introduction of electric lights will be small indeed when com pared with the benefits that will flow from the further employment of elec tricity in factories. And not in factor ier alone but. in the homes of the work ers, for already it has been demon strated that by transmission of power to the houses of artisans much of the work now done in large factories can be done at home. Already the electric motor is used to run sewing machines for the girls employed in glove making in their own homesandl better work is the re sult. When power is carried through wires to every part of a city and applied to manifold industries, the foul, ill-vent ilated and unwholosome factories will become almost a tiling of the past. Tim fact that Germany has continued to send knit fabrics to this country at the old prices in spite of the highly in creased duties or the McKinley law has caused some comment. The buyer for one of the largest importing houses in New York, who has just returned from Europe, tells a New York Times re porter the reason. "The Germans," lie says, "have met every increase caused by the McKinley bill by cheapening the products of their mills at the expense of the consumer. We get the stocking as before in appearance, but it is nothing but trash. Instead of the respectable two-thread yarns we were all so partic ular to got before, we now get a misera ble single thread that has hardly strength enough to hold together while it is run through the loom. Then they have cut down the cost in every other direction, too-in the wages, in the dye, finishing, sorting, labeling, boxing. They say to us: 'You say you can't increase your prices to consumers so as to cover the increase in the duty, yet you want the same article.' What are we to do? There is no domestic hosiery to take the place of the goods we have been import ing for over twenty years, and to bring in the same class of goods as before and expect to get from 30 to 50 per cont. more for them is out of the question." According to this gentleman the actual increase of duty under the McKinley tariff amounts to $1.75 upon a dozen stockings which the German manufac turer sells at home for $2.10. KENTL-CKY has developed a 19-year-old prodigy who is astonishing the natives by reading the secrets of the human mind. Will the young man kindly in form us when Henry Watterson is go ing to write another letter of political advice, and who will be its victim? THE JIAY'S TOPICS. Hoen. W. A. Clark is the best dressed mil lionaire in Montana though he is by no means a dude. lie wore the appearance of a clean cut business man of the world when he leaned over the desk and wrote his sig nature on Thie Helena's register last eve ning. A dark blue cutaway, closely but toned over a white vest, gray trousers, a jaunty straw hat and a silver-tooped cane, united to make a modest summer attire. Mr. Clark came over to meet the executive committee of the lioneer's asssociation of whi ch he is not only the president but one of its moat energetic and useful membeure. When asked about the late race meeting at Batt., Mr. Clark's (yes turned to the coiling. "'The attendance was large, the pon, selling was much heavier than ever but there was very bad work in the judge's stand," he replied. "I regret to say," he added, "that the entire meeting has ai very bad color so far as irhonest racing and honest decisions eo. I believe I am one of the last inc i to kick over a race when I amn interested but the ruling ofl of Faust in tise treoo for all i was so outrageously ulnfair that not only my protests followed btt all ePxopt those benefitted by the decsieoi were, trior ouihly indignant. I do not pretend to btI all authority on the tomhnrinrq of ra horse's gait, but "Faust's gait was never queetiorln.d until this race. A fter scoring and wrmnilg two heats the judges were naked to set him back on the ground that he was not trot ting fair. It arpe:nrs that they did not dis cover this before. 'IThln they did int d, clare pools off after this outrage iut Il: patently tlied to see tow ilnuch unfalrnrees would be tolerated. It was robbery and I fear has givesr the asscrrtiotin a blucrl eye from which they will be a long time ill re covering." Every man in Helena who has expressrd an opinion saysr it was the greatest swindle ever perpetrated on a rtace track. 'I'hr friends of the horse lost #15.,u)O0 by the de cision. The only protection for the public rests with the juridgis, and this evidently is poor protection in Butto. Mr. Clark's hores,, Major Wonder, Faust and Condee will be shipped from Jiitte to day to Chicago, wheol the Major will pace in the 2:15 class Wednesday, and the free for-all -aturday. C(ml!ee and Faust are not in flrst-elas, condition, but will be all right for the races at Independence, Terre Haute, Kansas City and other towns in the southwestern olrouit. Mr. Glak ro his i horses in Butte out of loyalty to, tLe wn and the association, but the ounfair ir~ t menat received will douhtless ohba l~ s policy in the future. Dr. C. K. Cole and Dr. . . L. Gillesple, of Butte, represented the medical profession 9 in the nusual after dinner gathering in The r Helena lobby last evening. Dr. Cole told some interesting features of the climate in Montana. Owing to the differenot in the atmospheric conditions the normal pulse here is from seventy-eight to eighty while at the sea level it is sixty.eight to seventy. The high altitude likewise developes an in creased lung expansion. This will be in a creased from one-fourth to one-third after a a four years' residence in this country. The I health in this belt is the best in any section of the country according to the best sta ; tisties. "There are many healthier places in the country than Butte," said Dr. Gillespie. "Just now typhoid fiver is appearing. This is because of the bad sanitary condi tions in and around Butte. In the 'winter pneumonia is the prevalent disease. The smoke does not cause the disease, but it produces a constant irritation and even congestion of the bronchial tubes. It thus paves the way, and a slight cold easily throws one into pneumonia." Fuller avenue should be visited by the street sprinkler. The dust there is deeper and more easily scattered than on any other street in the city. While there are no resi dences along the line it is a much traveled thoroughfare. Passengers to and from the Broadwater will greatly appreciate a little attention to this matter. TIHE SHERIDAN MONUMENT. A Generous Gift to the Fnnd From an Old J'rusnian Soldier. The suggestion in THE INDEPENDENT that many Montanians doubtless would like an opportunity to contribute toward the com pletion of the Sheridan monument fund has brought forth many inquiries as to whom contributions should be sent. While no definite action has been taken as yet it is probable that some of our Grand Army posts would receive and turn over any sunbscrip tions. Mr. L. Sutor, an old Prussian sol dier, who was a great admirer of the dash ing American officer, has sent to THE INDE PENDENT two handsome Montana sapphires of fine 'ustre with the following generous offer: To THE INDEPENDENT: Herewith I hand you two cut Montana sapphires which I wish to be given as a premium to the first Montanian who signs $25 towards the Sher idan Monument fund. L. SUTon. The stones are beauties and are worth the amount of the subscription. Who takes them? THE LOWEST DEATH RATE. Helena Had but 1.30 to the Thousand ill June. The board of health has prepared a mor tality table of the principal cities for June last, which shows the following death rate per 1,000: Nvw Yirk ................................. 25.10 (hicago ........................... ... ... 14.97 I'hiltadl.reia ................. ........ 1 791 Bro, klyn ...................... ...... . 23.18 St. Louis . .............................. 21.91 Bl ,ston ............ ...................... .... 19.25 altim er . . ..... ...................... 1 .l12 San ..........rnio ... . .. l iicinlnati . .................... ...... 21.2 ('livelail .... ............ . 10.17 New Orleans .......................Ju... 31r.76 I'ittcbargh .. .. . . ..8. . 18.0 Detr it . ............................ . 17. M lwaukee .......................... ......... 1e.16 Denver .................................. . 10. St. 'aul ........ . 12.1:3 i nea ils .................... ............ 8. 1 HILENA .... ........................... 1.30 ALL OVER A LAND DISPUTE. Edward Jourdan Charged With Drawing a Gun and a Knife. Edward Jourdan was arrested yesterday afternoon by Policeman Martin, and gave bail for his appearance to answer the charge of drawing a deadly weapon. The charge was made by Nicholas Dysingor and and W. S. Spalding. They had started to tear down the fence around a piece of prop erty on Ming street for the purpose of building a house. Jourdan, who disputes the ownership to the piece of ground, went there with a revolver and ordered D)ysinger to stop work. They desisted but would not leave the ground. Jourdan did not use the revolver, but drew a knife and threat ened to make things unpleasant. One of the men then went after a policeman while the other stlod off Jourdan until his part ner arrived with Maretin. The case will be heard later on. Where Is w.i. Cushnin? Wm. Cushin, who was last head from at Bonner, Mont., last year, is wtt-antd by his relatives. He is 48 years old. is five feet in height and weighs 110 pounds. Any in formation leading to a discovery of his piresent whereabouts will he gratefully re ceived by addressing MdAIRTIN CussnN t'lattsmouth, Neb. Now on the Street. The mineral water wagon, containing water from the famous Lissner springs, will be on the streets to-day and every day thereafter and will be furnished at live tents ior gallon. 'TIhose desiring water left at their homes will please leave their orders at the , ineral Spring hotel at the old Inter national site. Tihe State Fair. The railroads have made a half-rate fare from all towns in the state to Helena during fair week. No better time or opportunity could be selected for paying the ('anlital city a visit. Itelimembter the dates. 'iThe Mon tlna ,State fair opens Saturday, August 22. Giet your exhibits ready. i lrlla Illtulit rated. The Ilee Ilive has placed on sale beanuti ful illustrated pamphlets, containfig photo graphures of the principal buildings in and around the city, with full statistics of the resources, et,1. A splondid souvenir to send to friends living out of the state. Price 75 cents. A Great SNuip. Everyone seems to be offering bargains nowadays, but of all the snaps now being throrwn open is the stock of dry goods, clothing and genlts' furnishing goods by M. Isreller, in tihe Novelty block on Main st ri et. 'Iou can got dry goods at your own 'lit Week SNecial. Straw halists iI endless variety at .SIc, flow ers ii wreaths and sprays, l5c andt riot, at 11. I o ni's. dlin's l ight rl,ehs iin lfiryi Irob.i,,, irdl fronts iik i,'ai wist., 7:, at "1 I. I:, it,, . !h"1i Icllrinalc hats 1,,i.,o|. i,~ N. 1:17 North Wlain, t ti i ling f,,. .'rh' ,'i'r'.i,d'hy J. A. Iw t s wri ri,, h. r , iiii It I. ,lees d Lo .cs Ii, ,,i1 friao,, I, llil I ,r, . Lerltril hotel, ('hir'ago,. American anld I';llrllleuan ilt tn: has re cently addied oi hlllldred ow fireproof roomls overlookn tiihe lake Aelll piari . tA e .r IV. LElA I, I'roiprltor. Typeu riting. .ool I: Unictiy blocki. l,otoihl,, ore li i', fr b ay ,; ,r ir ,,a:s and l 'I Tbli, a i llells( I.n't This ('heap.? (Jo to Opplhtr imor &. Asch, Ill ernational hotel block, and try a bottle of porter pt 15 cents. WALLACE & THORNBURGH " ESa e ® or Sale REAL ESTAFTE Of every description and located in all parts of the City. Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in RESIDENCE PROPERTY Are on their lists. [hey Also Can Offer Some Choice Unimproved Properties at Iost Attractive Prices They are Sole Agents for * LENOX T:DDITION. * Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. WALLACE & THORNBURGH Denver Block, - Broadway and Warren Streets. JACQUEMIN& CO. WATGHJvAKERS, - JEWELERS, - SILVEJRSMITHS. - Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I am prepared to make loanv promptly on IMPROVED I'RlOIP':ITY IN IIIE CITY OF HIIEl:NA. AND RANCHES IN MONTANA. No Delayo. Funds Always on Hland. ('orreslpon Illm eo Holicited. --11. ]i. PAIIMlEft.- Room 15. Merchants National Uiauk Building. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. PATENTS. Unitned Stt tes arnd Foreign I'at eni t oubtat nled Fand any informlat.iont EDWA RD C. RUSSELL, Ah rorllney at. Law, PiLtt.lI urfh Ilalck, Helona, Mont. RAN CH or 2,000 ACRESI Wll improve. and thoroughly irrigated, on line rageo. A ;EICA'AT IBAItGAIN! W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK 20 PER CENT DISCOUNT Our summer stock must make room for new fall purchases. Until September 1 We will allow TWENTY PER CENT DISCOUNT On all summer clothing. Greater reductions on light weight underwear. Watch Our Window Display GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haber dashers.