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heitoeas at the risk of seuberiber anlese msde bp .etestaed Itter, cheek, or peptal or e plms order, payable to The independent Pub Wbbe Oemaear Wlms"em delrbhg the lsouPuflllrT'erred at their homes or place of businesl au order by postal card or throuah telephone No. 190. Plee report cases of irreular delivery promptly. Advertleements, to lasue prompt insertioe. should be handed in before 8 p. m. lejected communications not returnable un less poeste is enclosed. T TEMSI Of I SUICIIrTION. Daily inoaladilo upd9y per year......+....10 00 Daily lincludlng S.acay]six montahs..... 5 00 Daily [includilng Sodayl'three month.... 2 0 Daily lexcluding Sunday] per year........ 900 Daily Iexcluding BSndayl per mouth..... 75 Sunday only lin advance] per year....... .. 20 Weekly [in advance only. per year.....,... 2 03 Daily by carrier, per wee. leaven isoue l.. 5 hIELENA, MONT., AUG. 15. 1891. F."Montaaniana abroad will alwry.fand TRa DAILY IND.PrNODE.T on ile at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York: West. M(nneapolls: ,Baldwin and Palace, Isan" ranciace; McDermott, Batt,; .eland Hotel, Iipr:agi.ld. Ill. Is the esteemed Journal quite sure that it isn't B. Harrison who is sick? THE People's party in Ohio expects to poll 70,000 votes this year. If it gets one-third of that figure McKinley will be beaten out of sight. THE honest farmer will bear watch ing like other people when he is in office. The late state agent of the alliance ex change in Georgia is $40,000 short in his accounts. WE still believe that President Harri son will be renominated, but he will have to fight for it. Even the Montana delegation will be against him unless he fixes things. MONTANA only needed warm weather and cloudless skies to completely round out a season of marvelous prosperity. and these we now have. What more could we ask? THE artesian well fund nears comple tion. Hurry it up. Every day is prec ious. Think of the millions of wealth the finding of water would bring to the Prickly Pear valley. IT would be to the credit of some men to have Quay, Dudley & Co. against I them, but it is not Mr. Harrison's virtue so much as his ingratitude that makes him the target of their opposition. THE St. Louis newspapers seem to be proud of the fact that it is as hot in their city as it is in Chicago. It is a wonder they don't insist that Chicago c ought to be hotter because it is bigger. r Ex-SENATOR INGALLS' new lecture is c entitled "Eli and Dennis." We do not know what it is about but suppose it is t autobiographical in its nature. Eli i probably refers to Peffer, who got there, and Dennis is the other name for r John J. t THE Tacoma Globe claims for that city the smallest death rate of any city in the United States. For the month of June the mortality was 6.50 in a thou sand. The death rate in Helena for the same month was 1.30. Give us some more comparisons. WHAT are you going to exhibit at the state fair? This is a great year for Montana and a most favorable time for a display of our products. Not enough attention is paid by our people to this matter. Why not have an exhibition worthy of the state? ARirONA is meeting the same form of opposition to her ambition for statehood that Montana experienced. The Globe Democrat coolly notifies her that she will be kept out "until there shall cease to be any reasonable room for doubt as to the ability of her republicans to beat her democrats in every contest." That. is grand and lofty statesmanship for you. THE farmers around Norfolk, Neb., have contracted to plant twenty-two hundred acres of land in sugar beets and a plant for the minufacture of sugar to cost 8500,000 will be erected this fall. It will run clay and night and employ 250 hands. The output of the factory will be forty tons of sugar per day for the hundred days that it will be kept in operation. When is Montana going into this industry? Isn't it about time to start? Two years ago the republican bosses were trying to convince the cattle men of Montana that they were in favor of restoring the duty on hides. Now these same politicians are loudly proclaiming the virtues of reciprocity with South America because we shall continue to get hides from that country duty free. What do our stookgrowere think of such humbuggery? And if free hides have been such a boon to our people will some of the republican organs tell us why we should not get the same beneiit from free wool? THn Minimeapolis Journal remarks, "The administration and Prince Russell seem to be giving themselves altogether too much anxiety about Commissioner Carter. The whole force of the adrminia tration is apparently at work preparing a soft cushion for Carter to repose upon. Now, Carter is a very clever fellow but why should lhe be the object of such fond regard above his fellows?" If you knew the number of Blaine men to toh acre in Montana you would be fond of 0 rter, too, that is if you wanted to see Harrison reaouminated. Co.aun.IIS.r::ua on the fact that San Diego rins raised $200,000 for the pur pose of establishing an iron foundry in that city, the San Francisco Chronicle wants to know how the democratic free traders who subscribed to the fund can consistently opl:pose the protective ,ol icy. Probably it has never occurred to to the Chroniole that there are Ameri can viti;ers with sutlicient pride and confidence in themselves to believe that they can take care of their own business and compete with the world without be ing coddled and fed out of the govern ment crib. At least there are plenty of democrats in Montana who have such , faith in their own ability and the re r- sources of the land they live in. Tim, St. Louis Globe Democrat says, ,y "The people are getting more sugar for e a dollar than they ever got before and it is very easy for them to see that they owe this blessing to the republican party." The trouble is the American people look this gift animal in the mouth and discover that they are taxed $15, 000,000 a year to pay bounties to the Louisiana sugar men. The tax is simply shifted from sugar to other nec o essaries of life. The people do not for- Sget that the generous congress which gave them free sugar also voted away a billion dollars of their money. Tue National Provisioner, a trade newspaper, estimates that the new tariff on tin plate will add $10,000,000 to the cost of canned meats, lard, milk, fruits, and vegetables this yoear. As it will be at least five years under the most favor able conditions before American tin will supplant thi e elsh article the consum ers of the United States will have paid S$50,000,00) to the tin plate combine before they get any return. And yet the farmers and wage earners of Ohio are asked to honor the man who takes this money from their pockets to subsi dize a few factories. SENATOR KENNA, of West Virginia, who will visit Helena next month, is an advocate of free coinage who believes in keeping tariff reform to the front, as the issue in next year's campaign. In a recent letter he writes: "It is little short of mockery to quibble about the : form of our currency, when people are robbed and plundered daily of nearly all t they have got. Let silver be coined; r coin it free, but never for a moment for get that neither silver, gold, nor green backs, nor all combined, can bring and maintain prosperity for a people whose earnings are exhausted by merciless b taxation and reckless extravagance." This is about. the line of campaign followed by Gov. Campbell in Ohio. e LEADING southern journals generally ii approve the Iowa speech of Mr. Mills, it of Texas. in which that gentleman de- a clared the fight of 1892 must be on the one issue of 1888. The Memphis Ap peal-Avalancho says: h The first business of the democratic party p is to secure a reform of the tariff. If all tl members of the party cannet agree upon tc the free coinage of silver, they can at least ti agree upon that. Victory is certain if tariff Of reform be the issue and the battle cry. The democrats of the New England and the middle states can unite cordially with those w of the far west in attacking the tariff-fed ci monopolists. It is always well to do one hi thing at a time, and to do that thing thor oughly. It would be eminently wise, as a st business proposition, flat to restore trade at to its natural channels, and. the true opera- i tion of the laws of supply and demand do having been reached, then to diseuss the tic inflation or increase of the circulatine Pc medium. We might then be able to determine whether the "per capita" should be $50 or $100. The Farm ers' alliance is in favor of a Nc reform of the tariff, and its members should sea bend every energy to achieve it. The fe' farmers need more markets: with them that ca is the primal consideration. They wish wi to be free to sell their products any where. to. and to compete with the farmers of every In other country. They should recognize that " a disciplined host of about 5,000,000 voters, i constituting the membership of the demo- ti, cratic patry, is pledged to curtail the tariff, os to stop the scandal of government gratni ties, to put an end to class legislation, to so administer the government that there shall be equal and exact justice for all and no exclusive privileges to none. Why should th the farmer bother his head with the sub- if treasury and the government land-loan e' ideas when his first business in hand is to co break down the monopoly power by open- wi ing the marketsof the world to American ne producers. Therefore we say it is a duty fo the farmers owe themselves and the demo- so cratic party owes the people to begin by c overthrowing the robbr tariff. 'rho busybody is a very idle verson.-Gal veston News. Wise men hesitate-only fools are cer tain.-Te~as Siftings. Consistency is a jewel. It is not fash ionable to wear much jewelry.-Dallas News. We could all be great men if we could be measured by the great things we intend to do to-morrow.-Atchison Globe. If portraits count for anything, Colum bus was as numerous as his first landing place.-Augusta (Ga.. Chronicle. "I am lord of the foul and the bruter" might have been written of the prize-fight reforee, but it wasn't. - Indianapolis Journal. Isn't the story about Sarah Bernhardt having been born in America a little lilk, the divine Sarah herself-too thin.-Wash ington Post. A farmer of Pittsfield, Mich., when asked what flavor he wanted his Eoda water, le plied, "Onion, please." He was in earnest, too. -Detroit News. "You niodn't qrirn t j1our iio.utlih o wid,, " The dant ist remarkl d; "I shall r'and olutsire." f'etroil Pr',,o 're," First Statesman-How is the oflioial in vestigation into those boodle charges cor, ing on? Second Statesman---Splendidly, splendidly. We've succeeded in not finding out a thing.--New York Weekly. Lady (at hos"e race) -Don't you think it is oruel to race horses that way this hout weatlher? Horseman --nce 'em how, mum? "Making them go so fast." 'Why, sium, the faster they go the quiicker they get through."---Good News. The 1Lov. Mr. Merritt. a Sedalia colored preacher, is blelssed with a flow of language, but he occasionally gets beyond his depth. Reeently, in 'tdjusting a little hueiueas dif ference of twenty-tive cents, he said: "I didn't mention the matter to make an in terruption and I bi, a it won't cause any calamity."--Kansna City Star There was a fire in a store in a small town in New Jersey-or it may have been in Connectiont- -end a New York reporter was sent to write it up. its asked a promi- nent citizen of the place if the flre was the work of an incendiary. "Dunno," said the I prominent citizen; "it might be, but my opinion is it was sot."--Men's Outfitter. 5)esmoecratie P'rismary. The First ward democratic primary, for placing in nomination a candidatr for al derman, will be held this evening it the International hotel, at eight p. m. sharp. At THE WORLD ON WHEELS. - RushIlag hk (freat >iarthe# abeny Mee t. arvest Exceatleal Conszma FALLs, Ana. 14.--Lplcial.) Night and day shifts are being worked by * the Great Northern contractors, and the r road is now progressing better than at any t time sines it was commencod. Rossn y green's tannel, in Bad Itook canyon, three n miles from here, ia nearing completion, and n the forces working from each side met on the 10th. Walsh and Nugent have wagered $$00 that daylight will show through their tunnel by Aug. 15. The firt train crossed 0 the Big Medicine bridge on the 8th, and the bridge crews have been moved to Big river, where everything is ready for the 900 feet of -- Howetruss. This bridge, with trstleap 4 proaches, will be 1,100 feet long and 116 a feet high in the center. Porter Bros., who have charge of all the bridge work, say they will keep up with the graders. If they do, it will let trains into McCarthyville Sept. 1. e Munson's contract has been finished in the canyon and his outfit has moved to the 3 prairie work two miles from Columbia Falls. South Dakota Assessment. 1 The state board of equalization has made the assessment for the coming year upon railroads in South Dakota. The North western system of 917 miles is assessed at $3,449 per mile; the Milwaukee system, 1,091 miles, at $3,451; Burlington & Mis souri River. 155 miles, at $2,200; the Great Northern, ninety-nine miles, at $3.400; the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern, seven miles, at $3,100; other roads average from $2,000 to $6,000 per mile. The total assessed valuation of railroads in the state is $8,870,187. The same proportionate increase of as sesment was made on railroads as upon property in the state. The Northern and Milwaukee systems were increased over Iest year about $500 per mile. The American Express company is assessed at $35,000; Adams, $13,500; Wells-Fargo company, $10,000; United States, $2,500. A levy of 32,11 mills was made on the assessed value of telegraph, telephone, express and sleep ing car companies. The board will notify the companies of any increase, and will meet to give a hearing to any one who wants to make complaint on the Y2th of this month. Great Northern Harvest Excursion. The Great Northern will run two more harvest excursions to points in Northern Minnesota, North Dakota and Montana. The dates of the excursions are August 25 and September 29. The same line has sev eral special agents at work in Canada dis tributing emigration literature among the ieople. The Canadians form very desirable " immigrants, and the Great Northern will induce as many of them as possible to settle along their lines. A Royal Pass. Monday and Tuesday next at the opera house. The advent of a new star in a new play should be hailed with pleasure by our theater-going public, which, however, loyal to old and favorite attractions must some time long for something that has not been seen before. Such an opportunity is offered them im the advent of Mr. Geo. C. Staley, the German dialect comedian, in his play "A Royal Pass." Mr. Staley comes to us with the highest recommendations from cities where he has already established himself as a favorite. He is said to possess a sweet singing voice and great dramatic ability united with a pleasing and magnetic stage presence. His support is admirable and his play an interesting one, containing many new and catchy songs and a great deal of delightful comedy. "A Royal Pass" is guaranteed a high class produc tion in every way. Seats will be on sale at Pope & O'Connor's this morning. It Was There or Thereabouts. Conductor George Woldridge, of the Northern Pacific, was running the second section of the westbound passenger train a few nights ago. When passing through the cars, which were filled with immigrants, he was stopped by one of them with the ques tion: "Is Portland, Oregon, in Washinrg ton territory?" "No," replied the con dluctor, absent-mindedly, "it's in Utah." "Then I guess I'm on the wrong train,' ex claimed the passenger excitedly. "Oh, no"' said Woldridge, grasping the situa tion, "you're all right. Sit still and you'll get there." Incorporations and Notaries. The lowest estimate places the number of notaries in Montana at one thousand and the number of incorporated companies at fifteep hundred, and these numbers are every day increasing. Every incorporated company is required by law to have a seal, as well as every notary public. C. E, Kemp, whose office is on Park avenue, has made nearly one thousand seals during the last four years. There is no need of any one sending east for a seal, as you can oet just as good at home. See his "ad." in another column. Arbitration or Nothing. The school trustees have modified the proposition of the committee in charge of the bill of tihe contractors for extras on the new high school. It has been decided by the board to have the matter submitted to arbitration. If the contractors refuse to accede to this they will have to nue. WVhere Is WVm. Cushin? Win. Cushin, who was last heard from at Bonner, Mont., last year, is wanted by his relatives. He is 48 years old. is five feet in height and weighs 110 pounds. Any in formation leading to a discovery of his present whereabouts will be gratefully re ceived by addressing MARTIN CUSHINe I'lattsenouth, Neb. Now on the Street. The mineral water wagon, containing water fromn the famontu l,isnoer springs, will be oil the streets to-day and every day t herenfter and will be furnished at.ive cents per gallon. 'Ihos,. desiring water left at their homes will please leave their orders at the ineral Spring hotel at the old Inter national Site. The State Fair. The railroads have made a half-rate fare from all towns in the state to lelena during fair week. No better time or opportunity could be selected for paying the C'apital city a visit. I(emrnmber the dates. 'I'h,, Mon tana Statr fair opens Saturday, August 22. (let your exhlilta ready. A Greal Snap). Everyone seems to be offering bargains nowadays, but of all the snaps now being thrown open is the stock of dry goods, clothing and gents' furnishing goods by M. oIaner, in the Novelty block ion Main street. You can get dry goods at your own price. This Week Speorlid. Straw hats in endless variety at t3c, flow ers in wreaths and sprays, Nlo and Itlc, at iI. 'Tonn's. ank ilain Whi' l at Heli,, i,, Ili,,. hrc, i leelu an Viae e., ., l ir No. :t;7 Notih Manle ctrt,. tlto , luiliieia f-'rirl u,'',,I''r ,i,", ly J. A. I .uyigtrty. wlir'm. Ire wi,,iIl o, ilees " t'i, bl his old frienrdr aud pat ruln.. lelant Heotel, ('lle1a.." American and European plan; lias re cently added one hundred new flreproof rooms overlooking the lake and pare. WARtKN I'. lVr n AN, Proprietor, (ioloT'le, It. Iliv,, for bhlby rarriaegt ai;d rat i,::' itr cint. iuhetil of a.i a fitm i, stalllettt i'lae htllttoo. ln't This (:heap ? Go to Oppenheimer & Aech, International hotel blu, and try a bottle of porter at 15 cents. bhe -WALLACE& THORNBURGH, on 'IREAL ESTATE J Of every description and located in all parts of the City. de h at Some Exceptionally Good Bargains in toRESIDENCE PROPERTY Are on their lists. it to Fhey Also Can Offer Some Choice Unimproved Properties at Most Attractive Prices If They are Sole Agents for el LENOX TDDITION, *It Which is now conceded by all to be without a rival among the Additions to Helena for Residence Purposes. WALLACE & THORNBURGH Denver Block, - Broadway and Warren Streets. J$CQUEMIN& CO. WATGHJVIAKERS, . JEWELERS, - SILVE)SMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew elry a SPECIALTY' ! CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. 1 am prepared to make loans promptly on IMPROVED PIOP(ERIIITY IN lHIE CITY OF IIELE.NA, AND RANCHIIE IN MONTANA. No Delays. Funds Always on Hand. ((Crrospon en'.o .licitod. -- II. 1. PAIlMER, - - Room 15, Merchants National Ilauk Building. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. PATENTS. United States and Foreign Pat ents obtainodi :Iand any informration given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Alttorney at Law, Pittsburglh lock, Helena, Mont. RANCH OF 2,00ACmRES. Well improvel and thoroughly Irrigated, on fine range. A (1REAT IBAIRGAIN! W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK OUR NEW FALL GOODS ARRIVE DAILY! WE MUST MAKE ROOM FOR THEM! Until September 1, we will allow 20 PER CENT, DISCOUNT On Lightweight Clothing. You know what that means!!! $25 SUITS, NOW $20 $20 SUITS, NOW $16 $15 SUITS, NOW $12 $10 SUITS, NOW $ 8 A Big Cut in Underwear! WATCH OUR WINDOW DISPLAY. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haber dashers.