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VOL. XXXI.-NO 197. HELENA, MONTANA. THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 27, 1891 PRICE FIVE CENTS HARRIS EVERY COUNTER HARRIS Has become in the city of Helena We are just at this time selling and vicinity a household word. IS a Bargain Counter. c clothing cheaper than it has ever Everybody is acquainted with his been sold in Helena or vicinity. ways and means of doing business, - Our stock must be sold before and when he says a thing he sticks BOYS' COUNTER. CHILDREN'S COUNTER. Sept. 1, as we have made up our to it. He 43 Long Pants, Boys' Suits, fine Cassimere Corduroy Suits in all colors, everybody mind to go into our new quarters and Worsteds, formerly $10. NOW $12. knows what tney are. Worth $5. with a 0lean stock. The time 58 Boys' Cheviot and Cassimere Suits, Casmr Sut inW al$oor2n.pten25la.sok Tetm Plain and Fancy, all wool, formerly $15. Cassimere Suits in all colors and patterns. NOW $10. fast colors. Worth $6. - NOW $3.60. 27 all Wool, dark colors, heavy weights, Fine Worsted Suits in plain and fancy, all going, on or about September 1, to good value, formerly $10. - NOW $6.60. imported goods. Worth $10. - N $6 amost up, and we must get a move 64 good Union Suits in new patterns and -O $6 alos up-n emstgtamv move into new quarters. A store good wearing goods, formerly $7. - 3-Piece Short Pants Suits. We can show a' On us if we want to close Olt. We store- NOW 4, large line .--AT COST. nuifwwattclsot.W 28x107, everything new and hand- ...».*........ ..have put the knife into the profits somely fitted up, two floors and a A LARGE LINE OF BOYS' PANTS. Mother's Friend Shirt Waists. and have cut them entirely out, basement. On the rear part of the - --- -- - and we are satisfied to do that, second floor there is A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY! for if we are GOING GOING tb a D O N O TI IS S IF! * to close out that must be done. Look, for instance, at our cloth everything pertaining to furnish- UNDERWEAR. HOSIERY. ing: Suits that were sold for ing goods will be made to your ....».. . -...... .... , , $12.50 and $15 have now been order. White and negligee shirts, Fanrsey ariggan, - -75c Per Suit. Cotton Socks, Plain, Per Dozen, 2c. ut to $7.50 and $10, and goods Fancy Balbriggan, ~~~~$1.00 Per Suit. Cotton Socks, Fancy, Per Dozen, 5c u o$ .0 a d$0 n od night shirts, white and flannel French Balbriggan, $1.00. Per Suit. Rockford Socks, Pe: Pair, - 12 1.2c. formerly sold at $20 and above, Fancy All Wool, - . $1.50 Per Suit. British Hose, Per Pair, - - - 20c. neckwear and knit underwear. Natural Wool, - - $2.00 Per Suit. Fancy Cotton Socks, Per Pair, - 20c. have now been out, regardless of Egyptian Yarn, - - $2.25 Per Suit. Black Cotton Socks, Per Pair, - 20c. English Vicuna Yarn, - $3.00 Per Suit. Fancy Lisle Thread, Per Pair, - 25c. cost or value, argainsOin Odd Shits and Drawers Full Line of Merino ose. . do this it is necessary for us to $15. In furnishings we have done materially decrease present stock . the same. All of our $1 neckties so as to go into our new quarters C3 Buys a Fashionable Straw Hat! 25 now reduced to 60c., and our 75o. with an entirely new stock. A anA BUYS A DUCK HAT! ties to 400. We expect this will wor totews ssfiina do for us what the newspapers iforice cuth anye isufiiguent we d wil have done, and look for it to be if prices out any figure we will 4-Ply Linen Collars, - worth hundreds of dollars in adb ehave no stock at all when we 3 for 25c. NECKWEAR. vertising in our new E 4-Ply Linen Cuffs, oO.All our $1 Ties, Now 6Cc. Allr 75c. Ties; Now 40c One Price,StLoi $Square Dealing . 1 4 1. Main Street, THE STORY OF A SPY. Romantic Career of a Man Who Car ried Confederate Secrets to Washington. Exceedingly Clever Work That Extended Through Several Months of Strife. His Style of Patriotic Lying Was Sublime; It Amounted to Genius-Where abouts Unknown. F Charles A. Dana in the North American Review for August: Some time in F'eb ruary or March, 1864, a slender and prepos sesisag young fellow, between 22 and 26 ap parently, applied at the war department in Washington for employment as a spy within the oonfederate lines. The main body of the Army of Northern Virginia was then lying at Gordonsville, and the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac were at Cul pepper Court House.' General Grant had not yet come from the west to take com mand of the momentous eampaign which Anally opened with his movement into the Wilderness in the beginning of May. The young man who sought this terrible service was well dressed and intelligent, ,and professed to be animated by motives purely patriotic. He was a clerk in the treasury department or the interior depart ment, or possibly in one of the bureaus of the war department, I don't re member which. All that he asked was that he should have a horse and an order which would carry him safely through the federal lines; and in re turn he undertook to bring information from General Lee's army and from the government of the confederacy in Rich mond. He understood perfectly well the perilous nature of the enterprise he pro posed. Finding that the applicant bore a good character in the office where he was em ployed, it was determined to accept his pro posal. He was furnished with a horse, an order that would pass him through the un Ion lines, and also, I believe, with a moder ate sum of money; and then he departed. Two or three weeks later he reported at the war department. He had been in Gordons ville and Iticbmond; had obtained the eon Adence of the confederate authorities, and was the bearer of a letter from Mr. Jeffer snn Davis to Mr. Clement C. Clay, the agent of the confederate government in Canada, then known to be stationed at St. Cath erine's, not far from Niagara Falls. Mr. Clay had as his official associate Jacob Thompson, of MisesisalppI, who had been secretary of the interior in the cabinet of Presidens Buchanan, and, like Mr. Clay, had been serving the confederate govern ment ever since its organization. The letter from Mr. Davis the young man ex hibited, but only the outside of the en velope was examined. The address was in the handwriting of the confederate chief, and the statement of our yonog adventurer, that it was merely a letter of recommenda tion advising Messrs. Clay and Thompson that they might repose confidence in the bearer, since he was ardently devoted to the confederate cause and anxious to serve the great pupose that it had in view, appeared entirely probable; and the young man was allowed to proceed to Niacara Falls and Canada. He made some general report upon the condition of the rebel army at Gort onaville. but it was of no par ticular value, except that in its more interesting features it agreed with our information from other sources. He was not long in returning from St. Catherine's with a dispatch which was also allowed to pass unopened, upon his assur ance that it contained nothing of im portance. In this way he went back and forward from Richmond to St. Catherine's once or twice. We supplied him with money to a limited extent and also with one or two more horses. lie said that he got some money from the confederates, but had not thought it prudent to accept from them anything more than very small sums, since his professed zeal for the con federate cause forbade his receiving any thing for his traveling expenses beyond what was absolutely necessary. During the summer of 1864 the activity of Grant's campaign and the lighting which prevailed all along the line somewhat impeded our young man's expeditions, but did not stop them. All the dispatches, however, whether coming from Rich mond or from Canada, were regu larly brought to the war department, and were opened, and in every case a copy of them was kept. As it was necessary to break the seals and destroy the envelopes in opening them, there was some difficulty in sending them forward in what should appear to be the original wrappers. Coming from Canada, the paper employed was English, and there was a good deal of trouble in procuring paper of the same ap pearance. I remember also that one im portant dispatch, which was sealed with Mr. Clay's seal, had to be delayed somewhat while we had an imitation seal engraved; but these delays were easily accounted for at Richmond by the pretense that they had been caused by accidents apon the road, and by the necessity of avoiding the federal pickets. At any rate the confidence of the confederates in our agent and in theirs never seemed to be shaken by any of these occurrences. Finally our dispatch bearer reported one day at the war departmentwith a document which he said was of extraordinary conse quence. It was found to contain an no count of a scheme for setting Are to New York and Chicago by means of clock-work machines that were to t e placed in several of the large hotels and places of amuse ment, particularly in Barnum'e museum, in New York and to be set off simultaneously, so that the fire department in each place would be unable to attend to the great number of calls that would be made upon it on account of these confederate confla grations in so many different quarters, and thus these cities might be greatly damaged, or even deseroyed. This dispatch was duly sealed up again and was taken to Rich mond, and n confidential officer was at once sent to New York to waru General Dix, who was in command there, of the con federate project. The general was very unwilling to believe that any each design could be seriously enter tained, and Mr. John A. Kennedy, thensup erintendent of police, was equally incredu lous. But the secretary of war was per emptory in his orders, and when the day of the incendiary attempt arrived both the military and the police made every prepara tion to prevent the threatened catastrophe. The officer who came from Washington was lodged in the St. Nicholas hotel, one of the large establishments that were to be set on fire, and while he was washing his hands in the evening, preparatory to going to din ner, a file began burning in the room next to his. It was promptly put out and was found to be caused by a clock-work appara tus which had been left in that room by a lodger who had departed some hours before. In every instance these fires were extin g'iished without much damage and without exciting any considerable public attention, thanks to the precautions that had been taken in consequence of the warnings de rived from Mr. Clay's dispatch to Mr. Ben jamin in Richmond. The plan of setting fire to Chicago proved even more abortive; I do not remember that any report of act ual burning was received from there. Later in the fall, after the military oper ations had substantially terminated for the season, a dispatch was brought from Can ada, signed by Mr. Clay and addressed to Mr. Benjamin as secretary of state of the confederate government, conveying the in formation that a new and really formida ble military expedition against northern Vermont, particularly against Builington, if I am not mistaken, had been organized and fitted out in Canada, and would make its attack as soon as practicable. This was after the well known attempt upon St. Albans and Lake Champlain, and promised to be much more injurious. The dispatch reached Washington one Sunday morn and was brought to the war department as usual, but its importance in the eyes of the confederate agents had led to its being pre pared for transportation with uncommon care. It was placed between two thick nesses of the pair of re-enforced cavalry trousers which the messenger wore, and sewed up so that when he was mounted it was held between his thigh and the saddle. Having been carefully ripped out and opened, it was immediately carried to Mr. Stanton, who was confined to his home by a cold. He read it. "This is serious," he said. "Go over to the White house and ask the president to come here." Mr. Lin coln was found dressing to go to church, and he was soon driven to Mr. Stanton's house. After discussing the subject in every aspect and considerin,, thoroughly the probability that to keep the dispatch would put an end to communications by this channel, they determined that it must be kept. The conclusive reason for this step was that it established beyond question the fact that the confederates, while shel tering themselves behind the British gov ernment in Canada, had organized and fitted out a military expedition against the United States. But while the dispatch afforded evidence that could not be gain said, the more possession of it was not snf finient. It must be found in the possession of the confederate dispatch-bearer, and the circumstances attending its capture must be established in such a manner that the British foreign office would not be able to dipan ute the genuineness of the document. "We must have this paper for Seward," said Mr. Lincoln. "As for the young man, get him out of tue scrape, if you can." Accordiunly the paper was taken back to the war department and sewed up again in the trousers whence it had been taken three hours before. The bearef was instructed to start at dusk on the road which he usually took in pass tug through the linesr to be at a certain tavern outside of Alexaudriast nineo'cloek in the evening and to stop there to water his horse. Then information was sent through Major General Augur, command eat at Washington and the surrounding region, to General Wells, of New Ilamp shire, the military governor of Alex andria, directing him to be at this tavern at nine o'clock in the evening, and to arrest a confederate dispatch bearer concerning whom authentic infornin tion had been received at the war depart ment and whose description was furnished for Wells' guidance. He was to do him no injury, but to make Sure of his person and of all papers that he might have upon him, and to bring him under a sufficient guard directly to the war department, and Gen. Augur was directed to be present there in order to assist in the examination of the prisoner and to verify any dispatches that might be found. Accordingly, just before midnight a car riage drove up to the door of the war de partment with a soldier on the box and two soldiers on the front sent within, while the back seat was occupied by Gen. Wells and the prisoner. Of course no one but the two or tnree who had been in the secret was aware that this gentleman had walked quietly out of the war department only a few hours previously and that the paper which was the cause of the entire ceremony had been sewed up in his clothes just before his de parture. Gen. Wells reported that, while the prisoner had offered no resistance, he was very violent and outrageous in his language, and that he boasted fiercely of his devotion to the confederacy and his de testation of the union. During the exami nation which now followed he said nothing except to answer a few questions, but his bearing, patient, scornful, undaunted, was that of an incomparable actor. If Mr. Clay and Mr. Benjamin had been present, they would have been more than ever cer tain that he was one of their noblest young men. His hat, boots, and other articles of his clothing were taken off one by one. The hat and boots were first searched, and finally the dispatch was found in his trous era and taken out. Its nature and the methods of its capture were stated in a oiemoranduim which was drawn up on the spot and signed by Gen. Augur and Gen. Wells and one or two other olficers who were there for the purpose, and then the dispatch bearer himself was sent off to the old Capitol prison. The dispatch, with the documents of veri fication, was handed over to Mr. Seward for use in London, and a day or two after ward the warden of the old Capitol prison was dir'cted to give the dispatch-bearer an opportunity of escaping, with a proper show of attempted prevention. One afternoon he walked into my otlice. "Ah," said I, 'you have run away!" "Yes sir," he answered. "Did they shoot at you?" "'They did and din't hit moe, but I didn't think that would answer the purpose. So I shot myself through the arm." He showed me the wound. It was through the fleshy part of the forearm, and due care had been taken not to break any boues. A more de liberate and less dangerous wound could not be, and yet it did not look trivial. Ho was ordered to get away to Canada as promptly as possible, so that he muight ex plain the loss of his dispatch before it should become known there by any other insane. An advertisement offering $,0thX) for his recapture was at once ineerted in the New York Herald, the Pittsburg Jour. in! and the Chicago 't'ribune. No otte ever appeared to claim the reward, but in about a week the prisoner returned from Canada with nett dispatches that had been intrunt ed to hiu. They contained nothing of im portance, however. The wound in his arm had borne testimony iin his favor, and the fact that he had hurried through to St. Catherine's without having it dressed, was thought to afford conclusive evidence of his fidelity to the coifederate enuse. The war was soon eunded after this adven ture and, as his services had been of very great value. a new place, with the nasa' nses of lasting earployment, was found for the young oman in one of the bureaus of the war department. He did not remain there very long, however, and I don't know what has become of him. He was one of the clever est srreatures I ever saw. His style of patriotrr lying was sublime; it amounted to genius. Whalers Massacred. WASISNGTON, Aug. 26.-A catastrophe is reported by the treasury department front the Arctic regions, It is said the crews of two small steam whalers wintering near the mooth of the Mackenzie, about 500 miles east of Point Barrow, have been massacred by natives of that region. The steamers were the property of the Pacific Whaling Company and carried sixty men as crews. They were well armed, equipped and pro visioned. Heretofore the natives have been very friendly to the whites. Many pf them are well armed, having been supplied with rifles by trading vessels which have ex changed whisky and guns for furs. While it is a new thing for whalers to winter in the Arctic as far east as these two steamers have, white men have spent winters on shore with the natives and have lived with a good degree of comfort. Whaling crews encamped on land would not be under any 1 such strict discipline as might be enforced I on shipboard, and if their intercourse with the natives was offensive, they probably have been overpowered by superior num bers. Sufferings of Stuisslian Jews. LoNnoy, Aug. 2G.-The Pall Mall Gazette to-day eays the prince of Wales is taking great interest in the matter of the perseou tion of Jews in Russia and in the condition of immigrants of that nationality who are coming to England. Though he has not taken any direct measures to assist the seedy Jews, fearing that such action on his part would wound the feelings of the uce sians, he has indirectly given much aseist ance to the Auglo-Jewish committees. A London clergyman residing in the province of Kazan, Inesia, has written a letter to the Pall Mall Gazette, in which he gives a harrowing description of the sufferings of unfortunate peasants of that province, brought on by the failure of crops. A large number of them, he says, are in an abso lute state of starvation. Many in their ef forts to sustain life have been compelled to eat grass and leaves. There is much ex eiteiient throughout the province among the poorer class and an outbreak may occur at any time. Changes Urged by de Young. ChicAno, Aug. 26.-Changes were made to-day in the interior plans of the mann factutes building of the World's fair, which add ten acres to the floor of the building and give it forty acres available for exhibits and avenues, making the larg est exposition building ever constructed. Music hall and the shoe and leather build iug are forced out by the new arrange ment to other iarts of the gruund. The 'change was the result of the protest by Vice-President de Young, of the intional commission, who demonstrated that under the previous arrangement there would be barely room for foreign exhibits, thus completely shutting out Amuerican manufactures. The proposition of M. Eiffel, of Paris, to erect a tower at the ex position was to-day definitely rejected. An American company, headed by W. E. Hale, will, it is said, submit a more acceptable plan. Don't wager that ten 10-cent pieces weigh as touch as a silver dollar. They do not. The superintendent of the mint says they only weigh nine-tenths as much. ACHIEVED A COUP. The President of Nicaragua Turns thb Tables on His Opponents. MANAGUA, Nicaragua, Aug. 26.-Granada, on Sunday was the scene of a coupe do main by which President Roberts Sacasa tried tried to rid himself of his most prom inent opponents, and at the same time nip in the bud the possibility of growing revo lution. The gentlemen arrested include two ex-presidents of Nicaragua, and the editor and owner of the most important daily journal in the country. Granada Is practically in a state of siege, and troops here at the capital are confined to barracks. In addition the opposition to President Sacasa is growing daily and af fairs are assuming serious position. For years vigorous rivalry has existed between the progressionists, whose headquarters are at Granada, and the Catholic church party, whose strongholds are Leon and Managua. Granada for many terms past has furnished the country with the president but at last election Sacasa, a Leon man, was chosen president, the progressionists say, by undue means. He had previously been senator and on the mysterious death of President Carazo, two years ago, was chosen to fill out the unfinished term. This was not approved by the progression into and Sacasa became more unpopular as it became known that he, backed by the church party, was leaving no stone un turned to bring about his re-election. For some time it has been whispered that an attempt would be made to oust him, but the coup by himself was a complete sur prise. The gentlemen arrested are ex President Chamorro, ex-President Zavala, Don Aleelmo Hivas, editor of the leading newspaper of the country, Don En rique Guzeman, son of Gen. Guzeman, and Don J. 1). Itodrisuez. formerly attached to the legation at Washington. Their ar rest caused great excitement in Granada, and the prison was attacked. The exact number of casualties is not known, but it is reported that the chief ofilcer of police and at least six soldiers were killed and about fifty, citizens shot. The prisoners weire subsequently brought to Managua, where they were sentenced to be escorted across the frontier and ordered never to return to this country under penalty of death. Gran ada has been placed in a state of siege. As some of the prisoners belong to wealthy and important families in Nicaragua the matter caused excitement, and further trouble it expected. It is known that a number of other persons are under surveillance by Saceaa's spies. The p, esent political troubles do not affect the progress of work on the maritime canal, though Don Rodrigesz, one of the gentle men exiled, is known to be a bitter enemy of the American enterprise. This oppoat. tion is said to havQ grown from the snub bing which Rodriguez thought he received from the American secretary of state, while attached to the legation at Washing tiO. Pleasant Journeys. Pleasant journeys can always be had via the Wisconsin Central line. The employes are courteous and obliging, the sleeping and dining care and. day coaches are peers of any in the northwest. The leaving hours at principal terminal points are conven ient, and the depots are centrally located. Altogether it is the most desirable route iii either direction between St. Paul, Minnus apolis, Ashland and Duluth and Milwaukee and Chicago. Try it and be convinced. lBe aura and get prIces on all kiads at keelseg at its lies Hive haefrs making purhelssas.