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HELENA. · t 3 e ent cnt
VOL. X 201. HELENA. MONTANA. MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST t1, 1891 PRICE FIVE CENTW AUGHT BY THE ostmistreas A. D. Barnum, of Mann, and Son and Daughter, Arrested. Qlbarged With Rifling Valuable Mail Matter Passing Through That Ofoe. A Clever Plece of Detective Work Per oermed by Inspector Sackett, of the Helena Division. GanAT FALLS, Aug. 80.-[Special.]-Post ofsee Inspector Sackett and Deputy Mar shal Terhune came in from the Belt moun taine last night with three prisoners, Mrs. A. D. Barnum, Ed F. Barnum and Mund Barnum, her son and her daughter, charged with robbing the mail at Mann postofiee, this county. Mrs. Basnum is the post anistress a)Mann. and the son and daughter acted as assistants. For several months complaints have been made against this offce, but no action was taken in the mat tsr until a few days ago, when Inspector Backett was put on the trail and arrested them. On Thursday last two decoy letters and three packages of merchandise were sent from the Armington postoffice. The letters were registered, one containing a two-dollar certificate, and the other two dollars is silver. Both were marked, so as to be easily identified. There was also a letter containing money and not regis tered. The letters went to Mann and were forwarded from there. When they reached Kibbey, six miles beyond, they were examined and it was found that the ehvrlopes had been very skillfully opened and the money oexraeted. One of the pack ages was also missing. No trace has been found of the letter which was not registered and neither was the missing merchandise discovered. The inspector and the deputy marshal left Great Falls Friday night and arrived at Mann early Saturday morning. A rigid search of the postoffice was made. A part of the $2 in silver and the $2 bill were found. The Barnums were then ar rested and brought to this city and taken before Commissioner Pomeroy. They waived preliminary examination. The calarge against Maud was withdrawn as she will be used as a witness, and the mother and sop gave bonds for their appearance at the aeit term of the United States court. The mall to Mann . is a daily oqe. When it reaches there ittsemaiseltwenty-four hours on alternate days, as the stage only leaves once in two days. Most of the losses reported have been letters and merchandise addressed to parties residing at Neihart, Barker, Mon aroa and other offiees between Mann and lifihines. a KALPIIPEL1. Squatters In Flathead Valley Filing on Their Landls-Other Matters. KALISPELL, Aug. 30.-[Special.]-Owing to the fact that four new townships in the valley have been put on the market a great many homestead and pre-emption filings are being sent into the land office daily. Within the past two weeks not less than onae hundred ilings hava been made by set tlers uien lands covered by the old Rooov its survey. Most of tlse people have been holding their ranches as "squatters" for five or six years. Kalispell is now the proud and happy possessor of a postoffice, postmaster, look pouch and all. Until re cently the mail was carried from Demers ville in an open pouch to this place. Contractor Riley, of the Great Northern, has just come in from a trip to McCarthy ville, and reports very rapid progress in construetion work. Mr. Riley is of the opinion that the whistle of the first loco motive will be heard in Kalispell long be fore snow flies, As a consequence of re newal of the faith in the early appearance of the Great Northern railroad, business of every kind is picking up rapidly, building especially verging almost on a boom. Another attempt was made to run the Chinese out of town recently, but the un dertakfng was an entire failure, and re sulted not only very disastrously, but igno miniously to at least one of the rioters. He undertook to run out the Celestial who manages the culinary department of the Pioneer hotel, but the proprietress,who is an old Roman herself, objected. The anti Chinese man insisted, and the result was that the old Roman floored him with a right-hander, and as he arose he was met with a left-bander which brought the blood. This ended the contest. Otte Ludermrn has been arrested for selling whisky to Fish Hawk, a Cayuse In dian. His hearing has been set for the 4th of September, by Syndey M. Logan, United States commissioner. This is the first ar rest made in the valley for an offense of this character. * Judge Galbraith's Daughter Married. DrLLON. Aug. 30.-[Special.]-Miss Ma tilda Galbraith was married to Nathan Spaulding, the Rev. S. D. Hooker officiat ing. The bride is the daughter of Hon. Thomas J. Galbraith, judge of the Fifth judicial district, and during her year's so joarn has become very popular in social circles. Mr. Bpaulding is a rising young attorney of Albany, N. Y. The wedding was very private, only members of the fainm ii, and a few intimate friend, being pres ent. The groomsmen were J. Comely Gal braith, brother of the bride, and Loren T. Jones. The bridesmaids were Miss Nan Galbraith and Mise Grace Lamont. Mr. and Mrs. Spaulding will reside in Albany. New York. A PIONIC AT CIISCOULA. Granite oiners Hav a Plenasant Day at the Gu(lder Clly. MrssonuL, Aug. 30.-[Special.--At 11:30 to-day the train loaded with 300 members of tire Granite Miners union, a number of ladies, and the Granite band, pulled up at Missoula. The Fort Missoula band and the various labor unions of the city were at the depot to give them I fitting reception. Sen ator Matte had been selected by the local unions to deliver to the visitors a speech of welcome, which he did from the baulouy of the Montana hotel in his most pleasing style. Ioud chees, were given for Granite and Missoula. after which. led by the Mis souls band, tire visitors marched ui/r the trumphal arch and hroueh the principal streets and then broke ranks for dinner at the various ho ls. In the afternoon at Higgins park a game was played between the Granite _- the Missoula team,. The score was issoula twenty-three, Granites three. After this came the various games. The tug of war was won by Granite, the 100 yards foot race, by J. H. Smith, of Missoula, the standing jump, by.Jack Hays, of Missoula; potting the stone, by Geo. MoLeod. of Granite. After the games there was dano. ing until eight p. m. and the distribution of the prizes, The Granite boys proved them. selves a very gentlemanly delegation and nothing occurred to mar the day's sport. At ten p. m. they again boarded the train well pleased with their picnic at Missoula. Bed Ldoge Notes. B.D Lonas, Aug 80.-LSpecial.]-The farmers appreciate the fine weather they are now having, as grain nutting has actively commenced. Rev. George Searle, pastor of the Congre gational church, preached his farewell ser mon to-day. H6 has received a call from Cooperstown, N. D. Miss Mary Matteson. of Grass Lake. Michigan, arrived on Saturday. She has been engaged as one of the teachers of the city schools for the ensuing term. Three Days and Nights in the Hills. RDn LODno, Aug. 80. [LSpecial.]-As a Mr. Petter. of Churohville, N. Y.. and Mr. Lakin, of this city were returning from the National park over the mountains they lost the trail about eight miles from here and were unable to make their way to Red Lotge until Friday morning. They were compelled to leave their horses and walk to the city after spending three days and nights in the mountains. A Big Stake to Play For, MrssouLA, Aug. 80.-[Special.]-Artioles of agreemeunt were signed to-day for a series of ball games, best two in three, be tween the Missoula and the Philipsburg teams. The stake is $1,000. The Last Ball on the Barker Branch. GexAT FALLe, Aug. 80.-[Special.]--The last rail on the Barker branch railroad was laid Saturday evening. Trains will be running regularly into the camp in a few days. A FOOL FOR LUCK. After Squandering Two Fortunes He Now Inherits a Third One. NEW YORK, Aug. 30,-Constantine Ashar gan, a young man who has been a million aire twice and is now clerking for $10 per week, is in luck again. A number of years ago he inherited a million dollars upon the death of his father, a wealthy manufacturer, of Athens, and proceded to out a large swath. By the time he was 25 years of age he was penniless. Shortly after his mother died, leaving him another million. By dil igent application he managed to squander this in eight years, when he came to this country, landing at San Francisco and beating his way to New York, where he has since resided. Now ai uncle in Alexandria han died and left him a third fortune. Consltantine says he will take care of this one. A Beautiful Pulse Reader. A beautiful witch, Miss Nina C. F. Ken nedy, who calls herself an "inspirational ist," has established herself in London, and is creating something of a sensation by the accuracy of what she terms "pulse read ing." Society ladies, old and young, and mon of all ages throng her rooms, which are luxuriantly fitted up. When the sum mons comes from her priaate room, the visitor, tumbling over a wee kitten, finds herself suddenly face to face with society's "fortune teller." It is a most fascinating vision that meets the eye. A tall gypsy faced girl, with soft brown eyes and a lu minous complexion, sits before the visitor at a small round table. She is clad in a silken gown of "Liberty" hue and make, and suggests a pretty debutante fresh from her mother's ca-e. The Plummers Make a Settlement. NEw YORK, Aug. 80.-A settlement of the affairs of John F. Plummer has been ef fected. His creditors and those of his brother, Albert T. Plummer, have fully dis charged them from all cl time, retaining, however, all claims against Wm. S. Dar ling, of the firm. The settlement was due in part to the belief of the creditors that Darling disposed of the greater part of the assets of the firm and also in consequence of the concession of certain claims against the assigned estate. The Treaty Not Rejected. WkAsmNoTON. Aug. 80.-It is stated on good authority that the reported rejection by the government of Venzuela of the re ciprocity treaty with the United States is incorrect. The treaty was not rejected but the government sent it back. asking that it be modified for the reason that the concese sions contemplated would decrease the na tional revenues 80 per cent. 'he Venzuelan government is willing to concede half that. A Storm on the Jersey Coast. AeSHnua PAnx. N. J., Aug. 80.-A severe northeast storm is raging along the New Jersey coast tonight. Much damage is be ing done. The surf is running twelve and fifteen feet high Several bad cuts have bhern made in Ocean Grove beach. At Long Branch the bath houses were under mined and ale topoling over, and the fish house of William Van Dyke, at the foot of North Bath avenne, Lone Branch, was en tirely undermined. Accident to an Excurslon Train. CHICAGoo, Aug. 80.-This morning a coal train on the New York, Lake Erie & West ern road, was in collision with an excur sion train on the Baltimore & Ohio at Lodi, Ohio. The rear oetd of th krxcursion train. containing twenty-eight passengers, was thrown from the track, teing totally de molshed. Four people were painfully'in jured. l'he others escaped with a bad shaking up. Judge Scholleld Dead, WAnlta, Pa., Aug. 30.-Judge G. W. Schofield died this morning of heart dis ease, aged 77. He was a member of the 88th, trth, 40th, 41st, 42d and 48d con greaeso, register of the treasury under Pres Ident Hayes, and was appointed judge ef the court of claims by President (arAeld, retiring last July. The Water FaIled and thie Fire Raged. WINNrEtrucA. Nev., Aug. 80.-Fire origin ated in the lower part of town this after noon and spread with great rapidity. The water works failed, every building in the the line of the tire was destroyed, in~;uding stoies, newspaper oflice and gasworks. The losses aggregate $60,000. Col. Thee. RL Bonner. TIr.au, Texas, Aug. 80.-Col. Thos. I.. Bonner, senior member of the banking house of Bonner A Bonner and one of the t'celverd of the International & Great Northern railway, died here this afternoon. THE SITUATION IN CHILI, The Congressional Party Is Now in Full Possession of Santiago. And all. -Report. Agree That Balmaceda Got a Bad Whipping. Oielal Dispatehes From Rear Admiral Brown and From the Friends of the Two Factions. WsasnaroTo , Aug. 80.-A dispatoh dated Valparaiso, August 29, has been received at the navy department from Rear Admiral Brown. It says: "The insurgents have possession of the city of Valparaiso, taken yesterday morning after a very sanguinary engagement. The government had the ad vantage of a good position, but badgeneral ship. The troops were disaffected. The insurgent ships were not present. The forts were not engaged. The Almirante Lynch and three second class torpedo boats were captured. The foreign admirals de manded a guarantee in protecting the lives and property or foreign subjects. I have a hundred men at the consulate. Many refugees are aboard. The provisional pres ident is here." The following dispatch was received this afternoop by Montt, one of the congres sional envoys: "Iquique, August 80. The junta of the congressional government is on route for Bantiago to-day. Errazariz." The dispatch from Admiral Brown to the navy department was the only information received here to-day by the government officials of the situation in Chili. Nothing further has been heard from the consul at Valparaiso since his dispatch announcing the surrender of that city to the insurgents. nor has anything been received from Min ister Egan at Santiago. It is believed by the officials of the state department, nothwith standing the dispatches to the contrary, that Santiago is still in the hands of Bal maceda. They base this opinion on the fact that the department has not been in formed by Egan of its capture. They say he would certainly have notified the depart ment that the city had been surrendered, as there is no interference with the cable line via BuenosAyres so far as the depart ment knows. It is reliably reported that the Chilian minister received word to-day that Balma ceda is still in possession of Santiago, and has not fled. The only news received here by the envoys of the congressional party, besides the dispatch from Iquique, was a message from Lima, stating that Santiago was in the hands of the congressional party and that they had established a temporary authority looking to the safety of persons and propelty, and that Balmaceda's where abouts were unknown.. SCENES OF DISORDER. The Mob Takes Possession of the Streets of Santiago. New YORK,. Aug. 80.-The Herald's cable advices dated Valoaraiso. Aug. 80, say the Chanaral regiment of the congressional army took formal posseassion of Santiago to-night, and practically the last act in the bloody drama of revo lution which has torn Chili to pieces for the past seven months was closed. The capital city was in the hands of a blood thirsty mob last night and while it was un able to satisfy its murderous instincts, it destroyed a vast amount of property. As soon as the news reached Santiago yes terday of the overwhelming defeat of the government the troops on the heights of Pacilla and the fall of Valparaiso, and the speople knew Balmaceda's power was gone, in their enmity to his government their burned the houses of prominent officials to the ground. The city was panic-stricken, business suepened and the people, outside of the mob, kept close to their houses. The police, Ste de partment and army was demoralized and made no attempt to maintain order. Balmaceda, when he heard of the fall of Valoaraiso. sent for General Baquedano. commander of the government tro3ps in Santiago, to meet him. A council of war was held at Valasquez, at which the situation was thoroughly canvassed and it was decided to surrender the capital. Baquedana was given charge of the city and authorized to arrange the terms of surrender. Word was sent Gen eral Canto that all the troops in Santiago had declared adhesion to the congressional party and that Santiago was at his diposal, The Chanaral regi ment was ordered to proceed to Santiago to assist the govern. ment troops in keeping order and prepare barracks for 2,000 additional troops. Accompanying the regiment was Senor Al timirano, who will for the present act as intandente of the capitol. B&lIn and Paris Rejoices. LoNDoN, Aug. 80.-The Berlan correspond ent of the Times says the British man-of war Espiegle consented to carry Balmace da's silver only after the American man-of war had declined a tempting offer to per, form the same service. The press of both Berlin and Paris rejoices at the fall of Bal maceda. The News Via Paris. PARns, Aug. 80.-The agents of the Chilian congresional party have received an official dispatch from Paris saying the congree sional party is in control of the canpital and Balmaceda fled Friday night, resigning in favor of Gen. Dauquedano. - WVant a Pince to Hide His Ship. BEaLIN, Aug. 80.--The commander of the Chilian orniser President Pinto has asked the German authorities for permission to dock his vessel at Kiel. Solved. "What is a skeleton? Can you tell me, children?" asked a reader of the Drawer of his Sunday school class. The infant claso looked troubled. Their ideas on the subject were of the most vague description, and, they seemed to thinik, hardly worth mentioning. The qucution passed down the class, almost to the very foot, meeting only a blank look or a shake of the head, until at last the esmallest tot of all ventured a reply: "'eathe, mith, it ith a man without any meat on it."--larper's. itusiless of the Banks. BOSTON. Aug. 9O.-Clearings of the banks of sixty cities In the United States and Canada last week were $l15,285,0000, a de crease of 8.0 per cent. from the correspond lung week of last year. Ea-C:ongressman Scott Sinking. Eamr, Pa., Aug. 80.--Ex-Congressman William L. Scott it said to be rapidly sink ing. His pysicians have decided to take him to Newport to-morrow. THE WORLD'S HARVEST. An atlmnate'lfad by the Hungarian Gov erament Shows a Deficit. VYs.a, Aug. 80.-The Hungarian gov. eminent has issued an estimate of the world's grain harvest, based on consular reports from all parts of the world. The yield of wheat is estimated from 725,000,000 to 786,000,000 heetolitres, and rye from 850, 000,000 to 860,000,000 heotolitres, being from 44,000,000 to 60,000,000 hectolitres below the average for wheat and from 90,000,. 400 to 100,000,000 hectolitres below the average for rye. Austria re quires to import from 10,000,000 to :13000,000 hsctolitres of wheat and 6,000,000 ofrye; Germacy 10,000,000 hectolitres of wheat and from 28,000,000 to 26,000,000 hektolitres of rye, and France 80,000,000 heotolitres of wheat. Hungary has a surplus of 12,000,000 to 18, 000,000 hectolitres of wheat, but of rye there is e large deficiency. In. Rusia the wheat surplus amounts to 16,500,000 heotolitres and the rye deficit amounts to from 40,000, 000 to 45,000.000 heetolitres. A Pacific Attitude Suggested. susa , Aug. 80.-The Servian government ha communicated with M. Ribot, the Frenob foreign minister, regarding the ao es diplomatic intervention between ularia and Servia. The Potte had pro tesd against Servia massing troops, os tenbly for maneuvers, on the Bulgarian fropiers. It Is reported that Ribot ad viso ier7sa to adopt a pacific attitude and t rainTrom any ^-ensive demonstra tost against Bulgaria. To Escape the Tariffs. PAjts, Aug. 80.-The journal of the cham ber of commerce states that the Belgian government will declare Antwerp and other Belgian ports free ports, aiming to make Belgium the warehouse of Europe. Many French and other European firms would not hesitate to transfer their bus iness to Belgium in order to escape the bur dens of the protective tariffs. The Austrian Empress Going Crazy. PAnas, Aug. 30.-A dispatch from Vienna says the Austrian empress shows symptoms of insanity. She is very eccentric, among 9ther things desiring bizarre costumes in which to appear in public. Medical ex perts called by the emperor pronounced the case a grave one, being associated with hereditary malady. LUCKY FOUR-LEAVED CLOVER. A Young Woman's Clever Acknowledg ment of a Wedding Invitation. Qhite a romantic little incident is related in Burlington, Vt., in connection with Har ry Le Grand Cannon's marriage. As was told in all the papers at the time, the young couple went at once to his father's beautiful place'in Burlingtn and gave a grand din ner to the prominent residents of that city, including Senator Edmunds and his daugh ter, ex-Minister and Mrs. Phelps, Dr. and Mrs. Seward Webb, and others equally well known. Now, there is in the post office in Burlington a young lady who has held an official position there for some years. Of cou se, she has seen a good deal of the Cannons, and, as she is both pretty and ncreeable, she made a good impression on them. But juge of her surprise when the great 'rrarriage feast". oesaofeo&.44t that she was one of the guests bidden to it. She had no wedding garment, and. as her salary mun~t support herself and her mother, she could not afford one. So she thought she would acknowledge the invitation by a wedding gift. Neither was she so foolish as to imagine that anything she could buy with her slen der purse would be suitable for the occa sion. So she conceived an original idea. She went out hunting four-leaved clovers. She found exactly twenty-four large and perfect ones. She tied these in two bunches with dainty white ribbon, and, inclosing them in a white box with a lit tie original verse befitting the occasion, sent them to the dinner instead of going in person. It was a nett and pretty thing to do, and young LeGrand Cannon, as well as his wife, were delighted. They wrote her a note of thanks as they were starting on their wed ding trip, and Mr. LeGrand Cannon, the elder, who usually holds himself quite above such folks, went and called upon the young lady, and before he left he told her that if anything happened to make her lose her position at the post-office he would use his influence to get her a better one. Who says there is no luck in a four leaved clover?-Boston Beacon. BABY'S LIFE SAVED. By the Swiftness of a Falthful Carrler Pigeon. An incident occurred recently in the fam ily of G. F. Marsh, dealer in Japanese curi osities at 625 Market street, San Francisco, and a member of the Pacific Coast Pigeon society, which proved to him in the most impressive manner the valuable services which may sometimes be rendered by the carrier pigeon, and probably explains some of his enthusiasm in that direction. His little baby boy was taken slightly sick with mostalarming symptomeof diphtheria. The mother, watching by the bedside of the lit tle one, dispatched a message tied on a car rier pigeon to her husband at his store on Market street. In the message she wrote the nature of the child's alarming illness, and made an urgent appeal for medicine to save its life. The bird was started from the home of the family, near the Cliff house, five miles from Mr. Marsh's Market street store. The bird flew swiftly to the store, where AMr. Marsh received it. He read the mes sage, called a doctor, explained the child's symptoms as his wife had detailed them in her message, and received the proper medi cine. Then tying the little vial containing the medicine to the tail of the pigeon, he let it go. The pigeon sped away through the air. straighlt for the Cliff. It mnade the distance, five miles, In ten minutes, a distance which would have required the doctor three-quar ters of an hour to come. in twenty minutes from the time the mothem's message was sent to her husband the baby was taking the medicine. Naturally enough. Mr. March is partial to pigeons, for he considers that he owes his baby's life to one. Lettlng rHmtln Have Ilis Own WIVay. 'T'he following incident occurred in a log school house in Chester county, Pa., nearly a century ago: Snmall Bmy (learning to spell)-"O-o-w." 'Teacher (an Irishmani-- Phat does that spell?" Stuaill Boy-"I don't know." 'T'oncher--''"Coo." Small Hoy--"('ol." 'I eacher-"Don:'t say coo; say coo." Small Boy-"Coao." ''Teacher--"l)on't say coo my way; say coo your own way."--Harper'a. Tlhe Chief mi them (Sanrg iscaped. Da SOlro, Miss., Aug.l30.-Marshal Wilkes and deputies, who followed the notorious IBob Simms and his gang of illicit distillers and murderers from Alabama, early this rimerniu captured eight of the gang near here. Stimms himself evaded capture. Uetvy Fire Loes. NSTroNA, Pa.. Aug. 80.-The bicarbonate department of the Pennsylvania Salt com p.uy was destroyed by lire this morning. Loss (100,000. MUST FIGHT OR RESIGN, The Unpleasant Situation~of Presi dent Polk, of the Farmers' Alliance. His Paper Makes a Bitter Attack on Two Demooratlo Editors. And Now They Propose That He Resort to the Code or Be Shamed Out of Sight. RALmoss, N. O., Aug. 80.-There is oven warfare between the democrats and the Farmers' alliance. In Polk's paper, the Progressive Farmer, of this week, there appears a out representing a confederate soldier on one side of the bloody chasm and a federal soldier on the other shaking hands across the chasm. In the centre are the words:"Peoples Party." Right under the confederate soldier are these words: "A solid South for fear of negro su premacy." Under the federal soldier are these words: "A solid North for fear of rebel brigadier roule." At the bottom of the out are thee words: "Anticipated twenty years ago by Horace Greeley. Taken op nowby the Farmers' alliance." Then fol lows a long extract from the speech of Polk at Ocala. The same issue of President Polk's paper makes a bitter attack on i Messrs. Ashe and Jernigan, editors of the News and Observer, and publishes a cirou lar letter sent out a year ago by Ashe, which stated that the News and Observer advoca. ted the sub-treasury bill. Polk then de L nounces Ashe and Jernigan as guilty of a t wilful attempt to deceive the farmers, be I cause the News and Observer holds the sub treasury bill to bi unconstitutional. He says that such conduct shows that Ashe and Jernigan are totally depraved and are unworthy of the confidence of any honest and respectable person. In reply Polk is denounced as a coward, a traitor to the democratic party, a failure and humbug as a farmer, as dishonest in his transactions with several individuals, and a "foather-leg" in every particulrr. J. L. Ramsay, an assistant editor of Polk's I paper, is also denounced as a vulear cow ard. Messrs. Ashe and Jernigan intend to i force Polk and ]Ramsay to resort to the code for satisfaction. If they fail they will try to break Polk down by making him I contemplible by holding him up every day as a "feather-leg," which is ,a miserable, abject coward, a pitiless scoundrel and a paltroon of the most disgusting character. No one believes that Polk will fight. Ashe 'and Jernigan believe in settling disputes according to the code. Ramsany is absent, and his friends say he will show fight as soon as he returns. Several offers to act as seconds have been made to both parties. PI olk has arrived here and he held a council with his friends. It is known that he was advised he must fight if he would maintain his position as the leader of the alliance. Itis said, confidentially, by his friends that Polk will challenge Ashe and Jernigan and will insist on a meeting, the fight to continue until one or both are disabled. Polk's friends here declare that if he backs down now he will be odious ever hereafter, and that the alliance will go to pieces. ALL THrINGS OPPOSITE. Remarkable Characteristics and Pecul iarities Seen in Australla. In the Antipodean wilds of Australia everything has some remarkable character istic peculiarity, says the St. Louis Repub lic. Instead of the leaves having their flat sides turned to the ground, they stand edgewise. The oppossum of America is the only species of paunched animal known in the world outside of Australia. On the Australian continent there are at least 110 species having that distinguishing pe culiarity. They have been arranged into five tribes, according to the food they eat. The root-eaters (wombats), the fruit-eaters (phalange:s). the grass eaters (kangaroos), the insect-eaters and the fish-eaters (native cats and rats). Of the wombats there are four species, all of which burrow in the ground. Two other very curious animals are found in Austra lia that are unknown in any other park of the world. These are the echidna and the ornithorhynchus. This latter is a species of beast shaped like a beaver, but having web feet and a bill like duck. Then there is a flying mouse, about half the size of our common mouse, and of a bright red color. It has a very long, furry tail, which is used as a rudder, and looks much like a feather when fully expanded. The trees are always in full leaf, but shed their bark every year, which fact alone would be suflicient to make the antipodean continent a wonder land. The leaves of nearly all the trees are highly aromatic, but the native flowere, though of most brilliant tint, have no fra grance whatever. Inu writing of the back wa d order of things in Australia, Mr. M. W. Ullathorno says: "Australia is the anti pode of the entire world. In that country a rising barometer indicates rain, and a fall ing barometer, fair weather. The swans are black and the engle white; the molbie evipa rous and has a duck's beak; the dogs have a wolf's head, a fox's tail, and never hat k. They also have a bird with a tongue like a broom, and a fish which has part to the body belonging to the genus Knig, and part to the genus Souale. Many winged serpents are found there and fish with large featherly wings. The emu is a bird as large as an os trich, but instead of feathers has hair. Oine bird has a note like a bell, another cries like a child, while a third laughs as though his sides would split." Hleartrending iteolliections. A Brooklyn furrier has a stuffed wildcat in his display window to attract attention, and the other forenoon a roughly-dressed old man was observed looking into the win dow and exhibiting great mental emotion. A clerk went out to aisk what was the mlut ter, and the man wiped his eyes on a very dilapidated handkerchief and replied: "'Souse me, but I couldn't help it. The minit 1 seen this wildcat I was all broke up." "What's the matter with the cat?" "I was a wildcat of just her sizo and look which tackled me and my brother Sam out in Wisconsin twenty-nine years ago. We was playin' euchre on a log back of the house when the cat jumped out of a tree on Samt's back. 'Souse my tears, but they will flow. Soenms as if I could hear Sae Ilollerin' now." "Well, what followed?" asked the clerk. "What follered? Why, that cat tore Sam into shoestrings in less'n three minits, and then clawed and hit me in sixty-seven dif ferent places afore the old uann come up with a ann. I don't like to cry here in public, but when my mind goes back to that awful day I feel like a baby!"-New York World. A Sister to iPresldett FIilllore. SAN FiANltasco, Aug. 30.--Mrs. Julia Fill more Harris, the last survivor of eight brothers and sisters, one of whom was Mil lard Fillmore, the thirteenth president of the United Staltes, died to-night at the res dence of her son, Charles Harris n this oily, aged 70. AN ACCOMPLISHED CRIMINAL. A Man Who Obtained a Pardon on lorged Letters. NArnvurLLi, Tenn., Aug. 80.--When the chief of police of Jersey City, N. J., wrote to Chief of Police Clack, of Nashville, a few days ago, annonnoing the arrest of Ed ward Btoddard, alias Wolf, alias Wood, and sent with it a photograph of the man in custody, he little knew what an impor tant arrest he had made. The police of Nashville and the governor of Tennessee have for months past been very anxious to learn something of the whereabouts of H. i. Davis, who, while serving out a term in the Tracy City branch prison for forgery committed in Tracy City, actually succeed ed in obtaining throuah forged letters a full pardon from Gov. Buchanan. As soon as the photograph of Stoddard, alias Wolfe, alias Wood, was shown at the main prison in this city, the officials recog ntzed it as the likeness of Davis. Wishing to seaure undoubted proof. Gov. Buchanan forwarded the photograph to Tracy City, and to-day received information that each of the guards, as well as many convicts, had readily idlentified it. The governor com municated with the chief of police of Jer say city, and will decide in a day or two as to the best plan for getting Davis within the jurlsdiction of the Tennesse authori ties, if sucb a thing is possible. Davis is one of the smartest convicts ever placed within the walls of a prison. Not long after his arrival in Tennessee-prob ably less than a year ago-he was arrested in Tipton county for forgery, and, being tried at Covington, was convicted and sen tenced to a long term in the penitentirry. He was brought to Nashville, and afterward taken to Tracy City, where he was put to work in a coal mine. A few months ago Gov. Buchanan received through the mnail a letter to which was attached the name N. W. Baptist, a prominent citizen of Coving ton. Mr. Tipton, a member of the house of representatives, also received a letter re questing him to see Gov. Buchanan in be half of Davis, who was represented to he a boy. To this letter the names of a number of citizens and the judges and jury who took part in the trial of Davis were ap pended. Gov. Buchanan considered the matter and sent Davis a pardon. Davis left the minewithout delay and sev eral days elapsed before Mr. Baptist, upon hearing from Gov. Buchanan of the pardon, hastened to Nashville and, after looking over the letters, stated every name thereon had been forged. Ever since that time until the present the police have been on the alert, but beyond learning that Davis been seen in SBringfleld, Mass.. and after wards in Montreal they knew nothing until they beard from Jersey City and saw the photograph. All doubt was removed by the letter from the 'Tracy City warden. The chief of police of Jersey City has been instauctod by the governor to hold Davis. Davis, it seems. has been engaged in questionable practices in a number of cities, but his work in 'Tennessee stamps him as a man of more than ordinary ability. There was a reward of $200 for his arrest. CHARGINGl THE PHONOGXRAPh. How Bands Play and Singers Sing Into the Funnel. "How do you manage to reproduce in strumental and vocal music?" asked a News reporter the other day of an agent of the New York Phonograph company whose nickle-in-the-slot machines are so numer. ous over town. "Well," he says, "that's what puzzles a' great many people. The general opinion ! that we go to the concert where a man plays or sings and catch him with a re ceiving phonograph on the flr so to speak. This would be polible, but under the very best conditions the results would be unsatisfactory. The receiving instrument would take in everything, even to the noise made by pec ple going in or out of the theater or concert room, and a number of tones both instru mental and socal would be lost." "The manner in which themuslorendered by our machines is obtained is this: At the head offices of the company, on Seventh avenue, there is a large room set apart, so arranged that no noise from the outside can be heard and the floor is protected so that even the sound of your feet walking over it cannot be audible. In this room there are half a dozen receiving telephones, each sup plied with a large mouth-piece, shaped very much the same as the big funnels you see in a wholesale liquor store, "Supposing the number is indhmental, as the one I'm putting in to-day, 'Parting Waltz,' played by members of Gilmore's band. Well, the principal members of the band stand in front of the funnel, so that the full volume of sound is delivered into them, and when it is a song by some favor. ite singer, he sings into the funnels in the same way. We do the rest. There is no reasonable limit to the number of times we can reproduce all over the world the effect of the playing or singing one time in our own ofice." "I suppose the artists who furnish you with the material to supply the phono graphs do not work for nothing?" "Certainly not. No one except a fool works for nothing in these days. They all get paid from $5 to $10 apiece for each per. forimunce. Some get a great deal more. Bandsmen and pianists get not lees than $5 each, and singers from $10 up. With the singer it depends upon how much of a name he has himself, and how popular his songs have become. We have vaid as high as $25 a song to some of them for sinning into the 'phone. When the airs are by a quartette a fixed sum is agreed upon for their render ing such airs in their repertoire as may be selected." "Is it difficult to induce musical people to give their services?" "Not when they are men. With women it is difioult. Very few lady vocslits of the class we aim to have like the publicity of getting their voices turned into a bar room by any fellow rich enough to drop his nickel in the slot. Men don't seem to care though." FELL FROM T'HE CAR. A i'llot ,on an Electric Motor Injurer, Early Sunday tMorning. Fred Smelzen, a pilot on one of the elec trio motors running on the line to the Broadwater, met with a painful accident at two o'clock yesterday morning. When the last car was returning from the Broad water hotel, near Kessler's switch, Mr. Smelzen exchanged places with the conduc tor, The trolley became disconnected with the overhead wire. While leaning over the rear rail of the car to adjust the trolley to the overhead wire he became dizzy, lost his balance and fell to the ground, injuring his head and right shoulder. le was picked up and brought to tcwn in a very weak con dition, having lost considerable blood. Dr. lHaight sewed up the cuts in his head and bandaged the shoulder, the olavioal and scapula being broken. Mr. Smelzen was resting easy in his room in the Wooldrldge house on Main street yesterday. He isa young ian who has been in the employ of the a.nmpany for some tihee. Owing to Mr. Suweizen's temperate habits and excellent phyvsique his physician says he will rapidly mend. JA Nice "Derangement of Epitaphs,' "What's in a name?" quoth Gentle Willi and sure enough, what is? A gentleman was passing along Park avenue, New York, and noticing a fin building which was new to him, In quired of a neighboring policeman what It was. "That," replied the intelligent omeer, with the pride of conscious superiority, "is the Prisbytartan Thayologieal 1'heayrer6'. Marerps's.