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lItelrttanrse t the rilsk of subeorlber anterS !tat by rt;cA.*54 Ietter o.eek.. or peaStl 515 ilte Parese, pali..t teThe ldatspeauldt Pub •gieidK .Imtlpa"y. at ~ herk p..s oer plre 6ft bsintesu c order by postal ca rdi thr.ultI telephetsa Ne. 100. PIluts repert oasp at frcsateat dellvery promptly. AdvSrthlsi$iats, tos insart p'ompt lanertlon. sheold be hladed in rubere a p. ,. Iejested comtunications not retnrnable on ti s. Psata is enolased. TJ:R' lIt ftI St. Ni..il"l'TION. T M1'A1t.. Dally flneladinllg and.l per year..... . 51000 Daily Ilalating Sadsayi sir months...... it 00 ailt linclding Sundayl tire' moathl.... 2 00 lndly xclndilg Sinaday per yar......... 9 00 3nily l(xcludlag fasdayi per month...... 76 i:,lta wly aty in a rivans) per year......... 0O Weekly fin ad.ate oarly i rer year......... 2 00 Taily by carrier, per wer . :..ten tis.uel .. 1 ( HELENA, _MON'T., SISEPT. 12. 1891. f"Maontanlaun abrotad will always fiad THa ltls.r l]eneaxell tt.sl' oNi thei at their .faverite liot'el: lifth Avr s ..,ad .MetropolitIt, New York; West, Minntar,,i la. Bldwin an t 1'atlar, Iau Fr anciseo: McDarmotl, lintte; Ilanitlilotel. (.pr.ughfidd. Il. c T'rt demoorats of Helena have taken f hold in earnest to make the great demn- h ocratic meeting, in this city one week It from next Monday, a magnificent sue- Ul cess. The opera house has been en- ' gaged for tilo business meetings of the tt clubs in the afternoon of that day, and ft for the public sneaking in the evening. w MI. FAsse.r'r, the republican nominee IT for governor of New York, says that lie pt is determined that the campaign in that It state shall be absolutely and purely as c campaign of education. Mr. Fassett pe will find later on that the voters of New TI York are already educated past the la point where they look upon a party ki boss as desirable. But perhaps Ihe lit means it will be a campaign for the ed- g, ucation of Fassett, for which there is e, yet considerable room. gr WE are going to have it real live king de in America in 1813, if no bad luck be falls him. The future ruler of Servia, a if there is any Hervia two years hence, th will be with us. He will not. be here M until after March 1, of that year, so there can be no possible question of tl precedence between him anul our own Al prince, who will have laid down several I of his multifarious cares by that timte h th and will not even be able to borrow it revenue cutter to meet his royal nibs ga from Europe. Io A GuomrotA editor after years of ex- is perience sumns up his view of journal- ga ism in this statement: "The longer we run a newspaper and write about peo- mi pie the more we realize how impossible th it is to scratch every man on the right no spot." Commenting onl this opinion the to veteran editor of the New York Sun as gives his own theory in these words: M '"Don't scratch any of your readers, but Po let each of them scratch for himself of while you publhnk the news of the to wnrld and expound its philosophy." We bha would never have suspected that this hn ias Brother Dana's genial philosophy ea 0 journalism if he hadn't told us so. es, he Sun has dtone a good deal of pr' seratehing in its time and so far as our sit observation goes it has been pretty nui- tuil formly distributed among mankind and )PO tolerably deep. tmi itt o io~1, T. E. COLLINS, chairman of the wil mate democratic committee, in an- I b-uncing the meetings of the democ- is racy in Butte on Sept. 19, and in Hel- tri ena on Sept. 21, at which Congressman rar I"tnum, Senator Faulkner, ex-Congress- wa man McAdoo, Gov. Black and others lile will speak, suggests that so far as pos- tafl sible, democrats throughout the state vit will attend these meetings. We hope Th so, too. It would not be a bad idea for see tte clubs throughout the state, and pat democrats who are not members of her clubs, to take in the meetings in both it. places. The meeting in Butte falls on the Saturday night, and that in Holena rut on the following Monday. It will be sea easy to cover both points without much it, loss of time for business men. Let us have a great democratic jubilee and kindle the watchfires for 1892. Ir appears that the agitation in thr Paris tagainst the wearing of hats by ace ladies in the theaters did not have its bre origin with the suffering male public, was but with the enterprising hair dressers i of the gay metropolis. The hair dtress- thi ers, in a petition to the minister of tine me arte, askedl that in all theaters subsi- cra dized by the government the wearing of j 0n hats be prohibited ind tlha;t tile coiffeur at such untertainments he according to the fashion devised by the hair dressers i association. 'The cauise of this remark- ti able request lies in the fact that the ar trade in false hal:r htls greatly docreased, fea and the present fashiion of wear'ng hair ver in the (irnoian style thirottens still an further injury to the business. lThe u barbers are going too far. They aire aill right as to the lhat, ibut whenl it comes Pr to the head, thiore is tlhe rub. BIetter i stop with slhutting out tie airtificiatl ob fto structions to the stage aind let naturet ati and the ladies have their own sweet bhe will as to the rest. I edi Tilr: contract for the artesian well in Prickly Pear valley has been awarded and boring will begin as soon as the necessary machinery can be set in operation, which will be in a few weeks. T'he work can be done under cover and will proceed without hindrance from winter storms or frost. It, will not be many months before the question of al water supplly from this sorce has beeoon thoroughly tested. It is frequently asked how much lhind can be irrigated by an average flowing well. The Fort Worth Gazretlta gives the statement of Prof. Roynunoki, ari authorliy on the sub joect, whto .rys that water lilling a one inch pipe and floswing through it at the speed of four rniles anl hour would cover one acre of laur it 1 li de pth of ,one inch in twenty-foulr hours. i o rol. iot menu bfy this that tine watl.r iwould )be nonein:nm i.'m., ,, r '1 . ... ire r ire, bliut tid quatnt .-' v ' : in t- " licir ni,, if ri,t in ii:d ,irlica irritrccing ditrhs, to llmake fertil li. t' r: .. suirfaee for one weink. ,r Ili. a: t!e field into seven plate tl .l v atrrng each plat every twenty-four hours, a one-inch flow I would oomplstely irrlgate sIvn 60 Sof land A well of very moderate cawp I Ity, giving out a fou'inch stream, flo ex- lag tour miles an hour would cover sl °b teen acres to the depth of one int lDividing the land to bo irrigated in by seven portions and flooding one pa b Ieach day, a four inch flow of wat would easly' irrigate 118 acres. Ai that would be a very small well indee in- The latest artesian spouter struck South Dakota pours out 10,0.) galloi per minute. A four-inch stream shoo up seventy feet into the air and ti overflow runs olt in a mighty ourrec oo like a river. When completed it wi so be an eight-inch well from top to be 00 tom, and the quantity of watar that wi Sflow when the eonlargemen is made os almost inucalculable. That is the kin I of a well the Helena company propose to have just across the valley. A NOVELTY IN TRUST& ix The golden age of freakery is pa§i oe The lofty giant of the dime mluscete Sllmust consent to a relduction of Ilis one 1 exorbitant salary and face the pri.epe. of a narrower expenditure. His cigar will be Of cheap-er quciity than horeto n fore, his lady spouse wii: halie to dismis i- her second girl, and the youngsters wil k have less of the good things of life thai they have been accustomed to enj oy The consequential dwarf need not hope o to escape the influence of the genera tI freak catastrophe, and the coming day) will see him abate some considerable share of his disproportionate importance E There was a time when nmanagerial com e petition ran mad, when the Blaineos and t the IHarrisons of the dime show world g could afford to be careless of the pros pects of an immediate renomination. There was a time when the boarded lady could dictate her own terms to the kneeling, pleading caterers for the pub lic': morbid amusement, and when the great and only double-headed phenom enon could command a salary greater than that of the presi dent of this mighty republic. But these times are gone, and gone never to return. The cause is not far to seek. There are few of us mortals that can stand the flood-tide of success. More than any other influence, it saps our consideration for others and swells the sand-heap of our own importance. And the freaks are but mortals after all. In their day of power and notoriety they have lorded it over the men who gave them both. Now they are to ex perience a change of affairs. conducted on the well-known principle that what is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander. We need not tell any student of our modern life that it is a trust that has done this thing. The head and front of the new combine is the man who succeeded to Barnum's hippodrome. Utr.nr his astute leadership the National D'n:e Museum company hals been inccrpor porated. Back of the concern is a sum of $1,000,000. and things are henceforth to be run on a thoroughly business basis. To the scale of salaries, which has been adopted by mutual consent, each manager must rigidly adhere, and each stands pledged to purchase stock proportionate to the value of his mon strosities. New York has the good for tune to become the grand distributing point, for in that city all novelties will make their debut, and, until metropol itan curiosity is satiated, the provinces will have to bide their time. From the public point of view, there is one good thing about this novelty in tiusto. Not only a good thing, but a rare thing. It is perfectly straightfor ward in the statement of its aims. Un like most of its predecessors, it has no taffy for the public, and indulges in no cvinorings about benefits to consumers. The dime museum will be the dime mu seum still. The members of the com pacy are not in the business for their health, and they don't care who knows it. Money is what they are after, and they believe that, with a reduction in running expenses and with a reasonable scale for monstrosities, they can make it, and we suspect they are in the right. PEOPIE WE TALK ABOUT. Eatlo Star, a Buffalo Bill Indian, died at the Sheffield infirmary from having been thrown from his horse swerving in the arena against the railinv, and so badly breaking his log that he had lockjaw. He was a Brole a iox, aged 25. Oliver Wendell Holmhnes nters his eighty third year with his characteristic good hu mor and cheerfnlnoess. The genial "auto crat," who thought it "botter to be 70 years youns than 40 years old," has the same feel inas as to his eighties, except that a partial failure of his eyes causes him some trouble. Pope Leo XIII. is now in hisRIst year. hie eyes are still remarkably black and trilliant, but aside fromn this he has every Rapearance of an infirm old man. lis features are thin and sharp, his complexion very pale, and his hand trembles to such an extent that he is no longer able to write unaided. The present shah of Persia, recently re ported ill, us tieen one of thie most pro greeseivo monatrrc:l that the country ever had. )During his reign Teheran has changed from a dreary old town ccf 1)O,t)00 inhabit ants to a city of thrice that population, and been beautified with fine promenades, cle cant residences cnd handsomue public edific cs. l'he devotion of Miss Sllnnard nho ih.;i o eie ucvoaioo or ilai miepard, who laid d her jewelly on the "altar of the lord" at ao aratoga, was eurpaceed a short tiome ago 1 by the l)atchese E'uenie Litta Ilologuine in Milan. To exorasv her complete abtandon Inent of the pomp and vanitieg of thu world, the dnche.e sold her wondorfoul gnie for $600,0t() and gave the money to her priest, 0 with indtructiuon to cr:ot with it a hospital I for little children. i Ex-Senator 'T'lurman'n health ic failing Sfast. iHe has prosecuted hlin tudirn night, l and day to the utter neglect of hia physical *t welfare, and the result in a threatened eal f lapse of the bodily powers. 'IIIe nolntor still retainse his habit of daily routino ac quired during long realdece it. tte ca itl, and puaasee nearly all his time i: hi, library. He reads nntil the early I,.l of t.,e irot r ing, and does not rice frio ii< till it o. Mr. Iailey, of TIx;,, w; 1! Ite ti' eon e:t it roan to sit in tleo nlxt co .glre's. 11,, Ias o - Sder th irt, H, !td loSa , i eopin c,.att: ils t and lo .d I' l !: ,ru. tihe--war e1iStnwe n n. lieie i n oftli, d .,,d i t redictnd tlat L.e will mai.. ii' it iii ti,, lali, of ltc ie.c tioni at 'W.,, . 't:I,, When lie took ti.,, stua~'mp Ii T'..i lat year to farmrers uard to go fion town to town in their covered Y wagons and camp out so they might hear w Ilailey speak again and again. ores THU $RADOWORAl R,-j low- It is a s gare 6 noti that ourt aix. tu5 eatisoas, Schwab & Zimmermltan, . oli. mponded to a recent sugagetion of INasPZnmarr and stabllshed a aiusNmuam nt the First ward end of the cosmopolitan part hotel. For years both members of this te'r vopular firm have been colleotors of orulbs, tnd and it is but the right sense of public spirit oed. that the citizens of Helena should enjoy :in the first exhibition of their collection, fons Our attention was attracted yesterday rotS afternoon by the cries of an industrious t American as we were on the way to the In F teruational to learn the latest news of Call ut fornia from Col. George Carter. At the will entrance to the museum was one of Dr. sot- Foote's original hand-painted panoramas. will It dlListed a wild girl on a rope-covered , is, latform surrounded by eminent soient ind ieii of both worlds. Among the faces we noted Prof. Agasals, of Harvard college; Dr. Harvey, of Deer Lodge who discovered the circulation of blood and the ciroulation of money at the same time through the latter discovery has not been revealed; Sir M. E. Myendortf, F. Il. S., C. "' 0O. D. follow of the British institute of by. W( coperosity, Dr. Hugh McQuaid, professorof ltt toxiceoloy of the Montana university; der are beruhmte Dr. ltookmann clinical operator to- of the morgue, etc., etc., and others too ism nume:.us to mention. ill Bsleneath this portrait was another of the famed fortune teller of Madagascar, the an seve-trl daughter of the queen of the moon h' slid tie twelfth descendant of the seer of pe t'elvr eights as the professor at the door rl explained and added: "A woman, marvel ye one, mysterious and before whom all mod reo ern marvels disappear into the pale of medi e. ocity. Imported from Madagascar especi n- ally for Helena." We walked in and first discovered a Chi d naman grinding a lungless hand organ. When asked where he procured his musical s- education he answered, "Two an" halb a n. day," and when requested to play one of !d Mendelssohn's songs without words he to again replied: "No eabe sing." b. The wonderful Madagascar woman was 1e next reached. She was dressed in a short dress and American stockings and was in dustriously working on anembroidered cor ' set cover. "- "How's things in Madagascarl" called c. out a man. .d "Ki te kara tellee de fortune," she said, )t taking out a greasy pack of cards. Is "Talk Madagascar to us," shouted an other man. "Si wash to kee." "Say, Pete, she's a bleached out Chey enne," replied a cowboy to a friend. 3 I am inclined to doubt this theory as I stopped a moment and beard her humming y a new and pleasing Moorish air entitled: o "We had to lesae Ireland and mother because we were poor." d The wild girl was something of a disap l ointmetnt. She was tame enough to ask for a cigarette and pick her teeth. When Saskied how long she had been wild she an swered: "Since I have been under salary." Tihe fortune tell.,: said that the wild girl P was i)0 years old, but this figure was denied o by the latter, who said that professional I jealousy was really the roost disagreeable feature of the business after all. This was 1 all of the show except a bald headed ,i'nkey at the door, who was evidently the most intelligent actor in the cast except ° the Chin amen. a A nilllon Dollars. 1 The fifty-first congress made appropria tions agRRgregating $1,008,000,000, and did it f ever strika you what that much money meant in mrterial form? A dollar bill is seven and one-half inches long, a billion eight million of them would be 7,550,400,000 i~n)c. ~ ;r·r~·r·~~+~l .un ,40(00 *** ~I~ almost half way to the moon"' A band of dollar bills five times around the earth, or a belt of dollars fifteen inches wide clean around the equator; says the Detroit Free Press. A dollar bill contains 22,j square inches; 1,008,000,000 would contain 22,680,000,000 square inches or 3,616 square acres, and we then would have a carpet of dollar bills spreading over more than five square miles of territory. One hundred $1 bills may be squeezed into a space one inch high, a 1,000,000,000 of them would rise into a monument 160 miles above the surface of the earth. Counting $100 a minute, a bank clerk would renuire 1,680 working days of 10 hours each to count this money, rather a long time for somebody to wait on the out side of the counter for his 'cash. In silver dollars this amount would weigh 31,500 tons, that is to say, 1,575 carloads. An array of 441,000 men, each carrying 150 pounds, would be required to move the pile, and if the dollars were laid one upon the other, running eight to the inch, there would rise a monument of silver 1,9'7 miles high, some distance further up than is the Grant monument in New York. Paying $50 an acre for land this money would buy 100 201,000-acre forms, and pay ing the government price of $1.25 per acre it would buy five states the five of Texas and 25! the size of Michigan. It would pay the salary of the president of the United States for 20,160 years, that is to say, for the next 5,040 presidents, and it would be ample to meet the wages of the vice-presidents for 126,0(00 years, or the next :1.00 of therm. A private soldier in the regular army could be accommodated with pocket money ont of it for almost 6,400,000 years. It would furnish to a thirsty multitude 21,14.0,(K00,0(0 glasses of beer, say a little less than twenty each for every man, woman and child on earth. It would, if distributed, give every state in the union twenty-four new millionaires, and it would pay the salaries of two sena tors froum each state for 2.:(0) years. And lastly the whole sure wouldn't bary a single breath of life for a dying ieman, or do him a particle of good after the breath had left his bodv. 'rnt.n (:vernor Wis Alonr-. Govirnor Iloug, of Texas, was recently down on the gulf fishing. lie relates an in cident to a Fort Worth Gazette correspon dent thus: "I was sitting ill the boat one day," lie said, "just inside the entrance to the pass. when I felt a nibble. I jurked the line gently, when I knew I had hint. I be gaun to hinul ill a suocession of savage rushes, nrd all grrow still as the breast when the spirit hath flown. When the erld of the line came to the surface I found ia tankle of fish. I had first, hooked ia sippor, the mtpII)ter had been seized by a terrapin, which was unble to fronee itself. TIhe terra pIn had been runt through by a swordflssh, wL.iits wIas fastened by his long bldeo, and i stianagle had wrappI),l himserlf sleurtd the s-,idCJlsh and stillg himl to delthli. I sunp puse there nluA.t have hernl :14) pounds of inert on thre hook." Ask-,I if thl,:l wias nvi nll, Irt- ill the lIt, the governllor ralied that he wits I alone. lt811g for the Inteirtl. (niuA,,r,, Sl-pt. II, -;llt wits iouun to liv by i('' Iuntv Atit.,irv Wallrr e5eainst ', ililtsn C. 1t ,',p,, e i oo,,ltyv i s ite r, aturd i.si bh.silsri.hsn ts r,-evevr ' i" f I internsI whioh he allege,s hinipp received on rlloneys of thie vcolity lihrinlg his termr of ollice, and which he did inot account for. A Popular Inestment is HEIEJMA JEJL EST]TE! Because Hlelena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some. permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of valueb to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find, a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter, with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Moo- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. * Wallace & Tkorrburgh,. **.DENVER BUILDING,.... Broadv)ay and Warren Sts., J-lelena, Montana / ·---· WATGHJVIAKERS, JEWELERS, - SIVEyRSMITHS. Dealers in- DIAMONDS. WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget, Jew elry a SPECIALTY ! CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. Money to Loan. I am preparod to make loans promptly on IMPROVED PROPEITY IN '1I1 CITY OF HELENA, AND RANCHES IN MONTANA. No Delays. Funds Always oa Ian&d. Correspon lence Bolioited. - HI. B. PALM EU., - Boom 15, Merchants National Bank Building. MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED. PATENTS. United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law, PiLttburgh I3louk, Helena, Mont. RANCH W. 2.000 AoCRES Well Improvel and thoroughly Irrigated, on A GREAT BARGAIN! W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of - - - - - - - - Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The particular care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty of designs all guarantee the best value at no higher prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship. - - - - ........ Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goods is unexcelled, and we are showing all the Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: - - - - - - - Dr. Yaeger's Sanitary Wool en System Glothing, Knox World Jýenovned J-lats, Hanan.& Sons' Shoes. Send for catalogue of Dr. Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - - - - - - - - - Ist. FLOOR--Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR---3Boys' and Children's Suits and Overcoats. 3d. FLOOR---Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR-Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lighted business establishment in the northwest. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hlatters and Haberdashers.