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The Helena independent. (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, September 22, 1891, Morning, Image 3

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

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Bloodhounds of the Ooean When the
Wild Alarms Sound for
Fully Five Hundred and Fifty Vesr
esl Rleady for Active
An Immens*awarm or Mserelhatmen That
Can Be Turned Into Commeree De
stroyers at Short Notice.
The immense navy of Great Britain con
slts of fully 550 vessels, and iadivided into
classes as follows: The turret ships num
ber fifteen, all of them over 9,000 tons dis
placement. They are covered with steel
armor varying from twelve to eighteen
inches in thickness. and are armed with
high-power guns of from twelve to sixteen
inches oaliber, and weighing from fifty to
100 tone, placed in the turrets. In addi
tion to these each ship carries a large num
ber of guns varying from six to nine inches
in caliber to be used as broadside gons,
while the bridges, tops of the turrets and
mastheads bristle with rapid-fire and ma
chine gunus. This class of vessels carry a
large amount of coal, and can remain at
sea for from twenty to thirty days without
coaling, and are able to steam from
twelve to sixteen knots an hour. The
turret rams are similar to the turret
ships, except that they are not so large,
having a displacement of 5,000 tons, and
are fitted with powerful rams. England
possesses four of this class, each covered
with armor a foot thick, and armed with
two twelve-inch guns and a powerful bat
tsrv of rapid fire and machine guns. These
vessels have a medium coal capacity and
can steam from fourteen to sixteen knots
an hour. In the barbette class are sixteen
of the largest warships afloat, six of them
having a tonnage of 10,000, and the other
ten being each of 14,000 tons displacement.
These vessels are the pride of England's
navy, and are claimed to be the best fight
ing ships afloat. This formidable squadron
carries no less than sixty-two guns, all of
1831-inch caliber, while in the secondary
battery there are a large number of cannon
varying from six to ten inches in caliber,
and no end of rapid fire and machine
p.ne. They are protected with steel armor
of great thickness, that around the vitals
of the ships being nearly twenty inches
thick. These vessels were designed to
keep the sea for a long time, and for this
reason have a very large coal capacity and
nearly all of them can steam eighteen
knots an hour.
The central battery class of ships num.
ber eleven and derive their name from the
fact that the heavy gu:. are curried in bat
teries placed amidships. Their displace
ment ranges from 5,000 to 9,000 tons, and
they are protected with armor ranging
from eight to twelve inches in thickness,
and are armed with 106 guns varying from
nine to twelve inchce caliber. These ships
carry a very large secondary battery, and
are well supplied with rapid-fire and ma
chino guns. They have a medium coal car
rying oaeacity, and can steam from twelve
to sixteen knots.
Each of the ships in the abovQ classes par
ries one or more fast steam launches,. de
signed to be used as torpedo boats and to
sot as guard boats in time of war. The
vessels are also fitted up with the most ap
proved appliances in the way of electric
search lights and torpedo nets, and carry a
large number of torpedoes for use in the
boats or to discharge from the ships them
There are six armored cruisers, ranging
from 5,000 to 8,000 tone displacement, spe
cially designed to cruise at sea. for a long
time, and have a large coal-carrying capao
ity. They are protected by armor from
ight to ten inches thick, and the six ships
carv twenty-eight guns, varying from
eight to ten inches in caliber, with a power
inl battery of six and eight-inch high
power guns. Rapid-fire and machine guns
are carried in the tops and on the bridges,
and the vessels have a speed of from four
teen to seventeen knots an hour. Electric
search lights and fast steam launches also
form part of their equipment, and they are
well supplied with torpedoes, both for ship
and boat use.
The seven vessels coPaprlsed in the belted
cruiser class were built expressly for fast
cruising, and are protected by a belt of
armor ten inches thickfrom stem to stern,
extending a short distance below the water
line. Each vessel carries two guns of nine
and a half inches caliber, weighing twenty
four tons, anda powerful secondary battery
of six-inch guns, besides an immense num
ber of rapid-fire and machine guns for use
in the tops, on the bridges and in the boats.
Each ship is fitted with four powerful elec
trio search lights and carries two fast steam
launches that can be used as torpedo boats.
These vessels are fitted with several torpedo
tubes for discharging torpedoes under water.
As the vessels were built for fast steaming,
they have powerful engines, capable of
driving them eighteen knots an hour with
out forced draught.
The eight broadside shins range from
6,000 to 10,000 tons, and are only plated
with armor about five inches thick. They
belong to the older class Of ships, and have
only a small coal-carrying capacity and a
speed of from twelve to fourteen knots an
hour. The eight vessels mount sixty-ive
guns of nine inches caliber, and are fitted
with a large number of smaller guns, both
rapid fire and machine. All carry search
lights and fast steam launches, and are'sta
tioned either in the East Indies or China.
Of coast defense ships England has thir
teen, ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 tons, They
are low speed ships, and can only steam
from eight to twelve knots an hour. ,They
are well protected with armor, varying
from eight to twelve inches in thickness,
and are armed with high-power guns,, ten
inches ealiber. The tuirteen ships carry
forty-six of these powerful guns and a few
machine and rapid-fire guns for close quar
ters. This class of guns was designed to
piotect the harbors of Great Britain, and
are scattered around in the principal sea
ports along the coast.
England possesses a fleet of dock-pro
tected cruisers that were especially designed
to destroy an enemy's commerce. The
thirty-five vessels comprising this fleet in
clude ten or twelve that can steam fully
twenty-two knots an hour, and all of them
can show a speed of over eighteen knots.
All have a very large coal capacity, and, if
necessary, could steam around the world
without stopping to coal. In most of this
class speed has been the principal object in
view, and to attain this they are fitted with
engines, some of them of 22,000 horse
power. In the place of two or three heavy
gnus, the ships are armed with guns of
tlom six to eight inch caliber, and the
thirty-five vessels carry 163 of these handy
weapons.' Their main reliance,
however, is the large number
of smaller guns carried, and each
ship has enough of these to crush in the
aide of nearly say vessel afloat if they were
all fired at once. As commerce-estroyers,
they stand far above anything flying the
flag of any other nation, as not half a
do:en ships afloat could escape them on aso
count of their great coal capacity. Every.
thing that science or long experience in the
art of building ocean cruisers could sug
gest has been incorporated in these famous
vessels. Electric witoes run to every part of
the ship, while their search-lights are the
most powerful afloat. Torpedoes and fast
steam launches form part of their equip
ment, and their crews are all picked men,
these vessels have been atly named "the
blood-hounds of the ocean."
Another class of cunisers and very similar
in design and build to those in the preced
ing class are what is known as partial-deck
protected crnisers. Forty-seven ships varr
ing from 2,000 to 4,500 tons, comprise this
class or fleet, and were also built to harass
and destroy the conmmece of an enemy,
and to act as blockade ships. While not so
..st as those in the preceding class, many
Som:rom sihtee: towway
quadall mo large coast espacty.
TO ll bullt of stal. bat oarny no
. in , 6ia. mosns ovw .00 uos,
tarn in this elate of Iblsh end all of tsm
arstpowerful sarhb ights and a large
numbor of torpedos,.
There are ten torpedo rams, all powerful
vessels of from 1,800 to 2,200 tons, wblob
can steam from eixteen to eighteen knots
an boar. While their principal means of
offense and defense is torpedoes and rams,
yet the ten vessels carry five guns eaeh oni
six or eight inch caliber, besidae a number
of rapid-fire and machine gone, and all car
rv lights and mines for destroying an ene
my's torpedoes.
Of iron and stIel vessels England po
sesses 1I5. carrying 862 gons, varying from
four to ten Inches in caliber. The ships
were designed for a wide range of service,
and are from 800 to 8,000 tons. Many of
these vessels are fitted with powerful en
gines, and are very fast. Most of the larger
ships in this class carry torpedoes and
search lights, and form a very important
part of the navy,
No country has paid more attention to
torpedoes and the various means of using
them, both to protect her many harbors
and also as a means of offense, than Eng
land, and the fact that she has a fleet of
more than 200 of these remarkable vessels
is not surprising. A large number of these
are first-blass sea-going boats, that not only
can work along the coast, but coss the
ocean to any part of the world, and are the
dread of large vessels whether armored or
not. Most of them, both large and small,
are painted a dull lead color, and, as they
sit very low in the water and slip along
without noise at a high rate of speed, they
are almost sure to get too close to an ene
my's ship for comfort, and a big ship has to
keep its search light going all the time to
detect their approach.
Seventeen vessels, of from 2.000 to 6,000
tons each, are used as troop-ships or trans
ports, and are designed to carry a large
number of troops, with the necessary stores
and baggage. They have good coa capao
ity, and steam from twelve to eighteen
knots an hour.
Besides the above list, which comprises
the navy proper, are a large number of iron
and wooden vessels used as surply and store
ships, and could also serve as transports for
t oops in time of war. In addition Eng
land can also draw on her splendid mer
chant marine for a class of vessels that
could, unaided by the regular war-ships.
sweep the commeroce of an enemy off the
Nine out of ten of the magnificent steam
ers crossing the 'Atlantic and running to
other parts of the world have been built
with a view of making cruisers of them in
time of war. The government has fur
nished part of the money to build them,and
government officers have supervised the
work of construction. Many of the steam
ers are fitted with magazines and have the
tracks and securing bolts already in them
while in the arsenals and various depots are
stored the guns needed to transform them
into armed cruisers, and the government
can at any time either charter or purchase
them outright. It would take but a very
short time to turn these vessels into ocean
cruisers that could either catch or escape
from any war vessel afloat.
647,-49,-51,-56, N. EwlVg St.,
.{`.- '. I'' TIT· ft
Also separate departments for all Chronic di
eses ot. oth seres. Patientq have all the facili
ties of a Hospital, and yet enjoy the comforts
sad mae-like sorrounctings .,f a well-equipprd
ptivte insutitutin. The isrtrlution is provided
wtth all moacern applianea's, such as E ectriOity
r'urkish, Medicral and Electrio l3aths, perfect
sanitary arrangrements etc.
For particular, address:
Dr. O. H. DOGGE, Propr.,
Helena. Mont.
nual meeting of the stockholders of the
Drum Lummon Mining Company will be held at
the office of William Atuth, roome 213, 214 and
215 Power building, Helena, Montana, on the
1t day of October, A. 1). 1891. at two o'clock
p. m., for the purpose of electing five trustees to
servo f.r the ensuing year, or ontil their sucr.s
sore are duly elected and qunalified, and for the
transaction of such other business as may properly
come before said meeting.
.The meeting heretofore called for the 19th day
of Feptember, A. I). 1891, having been adjourned
to the above named day and houer.
WAYt' PIEnICY. Secretary.
Dated Helena, Mont., Sept. i, 1891.
district court of the First judicial district of
the state of Montana, in and for the county of
Lewis and Clarke.
Inthe matter of the estatelof Margaret Ann
Lenoir. deceased.
Pursuant to an order of said court, made on
the lith day of Septemher. 8(i1. noti. ta I hereby
given, that Saturday, the 26th day of September,
18J1. at 10 o'clock a. a.. of sail d4y. at tie court
room of said court, at the court house in the
county of Lewis and Clarke, has been appointed
as thoe time andi lace for proving the wil of raid
Margaret Ann Leoacir. deceased, and for hearing
the application of ii. O. Lenolr for the issuance
to him of letters testamentary and of guardian
ship of Elizabeth and verniee Ltnoir minor iheire
of Margaret Ann Lenoir, when and where any
personinterested may appear and contest the
Dated, September 14th, 1891.
In accordace with the provisions of section
8, of the act of March o, 1e91. and under the
rules sad regulations of May 5, 1891. I, the
underaigned, hereby give notice that at the expi
ration of twenty-ene days from the first publica
tion of this notice. I will make written applica
lion to the honorable secretary of the interior for
authority tocut and remove all the merchantable
raw logs white and ed iplne, aon the following
The ltad being unsurveied, but commencing at
what will be the southwest corner of section 21,
township 12 north, of range No. 2 west, when
surveyed: rannlngothence east three milee, thence
north one mile, thenceaest three miles, thence
south one mite to playe of beginulng, cemprising
auctions 21, 2' and 2'. of the said township, and
containing nineteen hundred and twenty (1,920)
Said land having thereon about six hundred
thou.and feet of wlhite and red pioe in about
qual quantities. Said land beinn lon-mnoeral
rough and steep and not lit for agricultural pur
poases, and is located In the county of Meogher in
the state of Montana. CAS. COCHIAN.
Dated Ana. 4. 1891.
First publication Aug, L
the First Judicial district of lthe state of
Montana, in and for the county of Loewis an d
iureka Carlseon, plaintiff, vs. Albert Carlson,
The state of Montana sends greeting to the
above named defendant.
You are hereby renulred to appear in an action
brought against yuu by the above nlamed plaintiff
in tih district court of the Otret judicial district
of the state of Montana, in and for the county of
Lewis and Clarke, and to answer the compailnt
filed theorelo, within ten days (ezclusive of t b
day of servioo) after the service tn yo of this
summons, if served within thibs county; or. if
served out of this county, but within this district,
within twenty days: otherwise within forty days,
or judgment by default will be taken aialnstyou.
acelording to the prayer oa said complaint.
The said action s brought to tlroure from
'aid court a judgemnt and decree di.sulvingl tihe
bonds of matrimony existing between tic plaln
tilt and the defendant for the reaouson that
thie dtfendanut has wilfully a'd without cause
absented himuelf frot the platLtiff against her
will and without her consent for the Space of
more thau teo yeare immed.liately precellng the
commeucement of this attir n, all of wichlo ap.
pears mar, fully in the oontplalnt on file herein.
And yeo are haerseb notified that if you fail to
apipear and anslwer tihe ed complaln, as above
rreiired, the slaid plaintiff will apply to ltle
volvrt for lhe relief demanded i the l .Umpiliot.
Given under my hand andltnhe seal ut the tile
trictcourt of tie First judicial itetrlit ot theo
n'atl of Montana, in and fur the county of Lewis
suit 'larke. this eighth day oe iH'iottulier. in
tie year of our Lord. one thousand eight hundred
andtl nlnety-one.
Saat •o J)OHN IIEAN Clork,.
IdL.KcsosvLwa. Attornoe fur iiaintif.
'"irst National Bankk ...
PAID UP CAPITAL, - $500,000
Dbsignated Depository of the 'Uni
ted States.
Interest Allowed om Time Deposits.
General Eanking Bus!noe 'l'rnsacte J.
tafety Deposit Joxes for Rent.
S. T. HAUBER, - - President
E. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier
T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, - Asst. Cashier
GEO. H. HILL, - 2nd Asst. Cashier
Granvllo Stuart . - - tockgrower
Hon. T. C. Power, - - U. S. Senator
J, O. Curtin, - Clarke, Conrad & Curtin
ILi. . Hamilton, - - - Capitalist
O. B. Allen, - Mining and Stooksrower
Chas. K. Wells, - - - Merchant
A. . IIolter. - A. M. Holter Hardware Co
Associated Banks.
Northwestern National Bank, - Great Falls
Firlt National Bank, - - Miseosl
lrst National Bank. - - Butte
Second National Bank....
PAID UP CAPITAL, - $75,000
A General Banking Business
E. D. EDGERTON, - President
C. K. COLE. - - Vice President
GEORGE B. CHILD, - Cashier
JOSEPH N. KENCK, - Asst. Cashier
Board of Directors.
J. t. Sanford. C. G. Evans,
H. W. Child, s. J. Jones,
G. C. Swallow, Chris Kenok,
A. D. Edgerton, C. ChK. Cole,
George B. Child.
erchants National Bank
Paid in Capital, - $350,000
Surplus and Profits, - $ 90,000
L. H. HERSHFIELD, - - President
A. J. DAVIDSON, - - Vice President
S*oard of D)lrectoes.
Thomas CraPe,. M. Sande,
S. S. ilontlcy, A. K. ', esacott,
A. J. I)avideson, hoses Morris.
L. H. HershfioizJ, Aaron Ilershftield,
J. Switzer.
First-clnrs City, County and State Seaurities
bought and sold.
Exchange issued on the principal cities of the
United States and Europe. Transfers of money
made by telegraph.
Interest allowed on time deposits. Collections
promptly attcnded to.
Boxes for rent at reasonable prices in one of
the beat constructed fire and burglar proof a're
deposit vaults in the country.
he Thomas Cruse Savings
Incorporated Under the Laws of
PAID IN CAPITAL - $100,000.
THOMAS CRUSE, - - President
WM. J. CRUSE, Vice Prese, and Act. See
WM. J. SWEENEY, - - Treasurer
Themes Cruse, William J. Cruse,
John Fagan, William J. Sweeney
Allows 4 per cent, interest on Savings Deposits
compounded January and July.
Transacts a general banking business. Draws
exchange on the principal c.t:es of the United
itates and kurope.
Deals in county and city bonds, and makes
oana on real estate mortgages.
Offico hours from 10 o. m. to 4 p. m. Also on
Saturday and Monday evenings from 7 to
y ontana National Bank.
Capital Paid In . $500,000
Surplus and Profits, - $200,000
C. A. BROADWATER, - President
L. G. PHELPS, - - Vice President
R. L. McCULLOH, - Cashier
S. E. ATKINSON, - - Asst. Cashier
A. G. Clarke. Hermaei Gans.
11. F. (alan. Peter Lars,n.
C. W. Cannon, R. C. Wallaco,
IDavid A. Cory.
The American National...
CAPITAL. - $200,000
T. C. POWER, - - President
A. J. SELIGMAN, - Vice-President
A. C. JOHISON, . - Cashier
GEO. F. COPE, Assistant Cashier
T. C. Power, A. J. Selfgman,
A. 0. Johns n, Richard Lookey,
James Sullivan.
Interest allowed on time deposits. Exchange
issued on principal cities of the United States,
Canada and Europe. Transfers of money made
by tclegraph. Collections promptly attendod to.
City, county and state secourities bought and sold.
RailvJay Lire.
Montana Central Railway.
Great Northern Railway,
Eastern Railway of Minnesota,
Wilmar and Sioux Falls Railway,
Duluth, Watertown & Pacific Ry.
A solid through train of Sleepers, Dinini
Car. Day Coaohes and Free Colonist
Bloopers to lllnneapolis, St. Paul, Du
luth, West Superior and Slioux City.
Close connoetions for Chlcago, Noew
York, Boston and all Eustran Cities.
Until further notice Trains will run as follows
11:00 a. in-.. I tltte Expres... 1 11:10 a. m.
3:50 p. m . Paoltilo IEires,... 2 i:15 p. In.
&tO p. n_.J l.iena Butte Local I :0L a in.
Sleeping oar heats tickets tilte table .tr.
at elp,t and City Tickeot unio, .o. i, ourt
sain street.
1..8 We, Rkty. C .t B'o7"Am
iiontana's Big Bargain Establishment!
18 lbs. Sugar for $1.
3 Cakes Transparent Soap, 10e.
Grandpa's Wonder Soap, 2 Cakes. 256
Strictly fresh Eggs, per dozen, 20c.
10 lb. Can Pure Leaf Lard, $1.15.
Sugar Cured Ham, per lb. 12 1-2c.
Van Houten's Cocoa, 80c.
Finest Cream Candy, per lb. 25c.
3 lbs. Gloss or Corn Starch, 25c,
Baker's Chocolate, per lb. 40c.
Dr. Price's Vanilla, pint $1.65.
No Peddlers Employed.
Cor. Main Street and Sixth Avenue.
and Ranges.
Mine and
Mill Supplies.

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