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I THE INDEPENDENT
flamtitta.me at the risk fd smbeerlber sales maid by r.tistered letter, check, or petsal or e e order, payable to The Independot Pua. eitw f'oms any. Cw-r1 asons d~Ilrng the IevDeaeDaln esrv i at th~er ihom,,ae or place of business san order hy po i.;i card or t hronth telephone No. 100. Ploans orpert -ans of Ir.c.Slt r d.livi'ry promeptiy. Adv*lisit rment.. to insnra Irompt insoertion, sould IhI hand.ed in l.,ro 8 p. m. ltejci'd cninmmni'ations not retqraable un less p..ragis is enclosed. TEHlt1 OF St.BISCRIPTION. latily including Fnn dayl per t yi ar..........10 00 I)nily lincludin Sunday I six months...... 5 00 iailt lincluiing Miundayl thrie moethe.... 2 150 Jshiy Ij'clu.diig erd.ly ] lwr year. ....... 1 00 Ilil [iext'lud i g Sunday I per month...... Suuo ay on:ly lin alvanl e.I is ir ear......... I 50 \.e.rkLy [in a,.,,a ,., ou ly ' I or i year......... 2 . 0 laily Iby r:,r;ir, per week, IRa er' iisne, l.. HELENA, MONT.. SEPT. 22, 1891. ."aMontaniana abroat will always find Tnh .liY In.etrnensrur oU till at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. Now York: West, Minneapolis: ltedwi: and 'Patlna, 1an F'rrneisco: oMDermott, Butte; Leland lotel, Sprinofiel,. 111. MONTANA'S DEMOCRACY. The mooting of representative demo orate from every county in the state, in this city yesterday, for the purpose of perfecting an organization of democratic societies and securing representation in v the national association of democratic clubs, was a gratifying success from I every point of view. This is an off year in our politics. No general election is: to be held here this fall, and naturally many men, who are ordinarily interested in political contests feel like taking a r season of rest before entering upon the a great contest of next year. In spite of I this fact, however, every one of the six- 1 teen counties of the state had some of g its represenutative imen in yesterday's i councils, and the enthusiasm and ear- o neatness with which they entered upon ti the business that called them together 'I gave token of the deep interest that b they and their constituencies take in p the great questions that are now before c the American people. The work of organization was well and thoroughly done. The officers so P locted for the state association are men well fitted for thr'r posts. As Governor Black well saiu, toe societies are to form b the fighting contingent of the party, to I co-operate with national and state com mittees in support of democratic men it and democratic measures. The state I t organization has chosen officers worthy to lead fighting men. They are leaders who will not flinch from taking the head of the column and the brunt of ot the fighting at every point where the di enemy is to be attacked. in The constitution of the state society is a clear and unmistakable declara tion of principles. Like the other stato organizations its creed is crystalized in the declaration that "It will not pre scribe platforms; it will ratify thorn. It will not nominate candidates; it will support them. Its conventions are held after, not before, the nominating con ventions." It will be seen that there is no room here for factional contests, no possibility that the societies can be used in the in terests of this or that candidate, no danger that tile machinery will be per verted to uses not intended by the framers of the organization. The organization is one that every democrat, young or old, may join. No other test is required than subscription to the simple Jeffersonian principles of government. Here are the principles of each local club: To preserve the constitution of the United States, the autonomy of the states, local self-government, and freedom of elec tions; To resist revolutionary changes and the centralization of power; To oppose the imposition of taxes beyond the necessities of government economically administered; To promote economy In all branches of the public service; To oppose unnecessary commercial re strictions for the benefit of the few at the expense of the many; To oppose class leeisiation, which de spoils labor and builds up monopoly: To maintain invio:ate the fundamental principle of democracy--"Lquaityv before I the law;" and To co-operate with the regular organiza tion of the democratic party in support of democratic men and derocratic meoasures. A man who cannct subscribe to citch doctrine as that is not a democrat and the party does not want him. The local clubs also have a free coinage plank. In forming the democratic society of the state only the last of tihe above declarations is reiterated, it not brinig deemed necessary to repeat the creed of all the clubs. Of last night's glorious meeting, the stirring speechoes and entthu;iasum, our news columns tell the story. It was ta glorious day for Montana dloocracy, ad every rman loft last night's meeting a better democrat, with more conlidenco in his party's success and deterrinted to do his full share to bring it about. TirE San Iteracisc Clhroriicle is Ire ginning to sihow its anti liiarricon colors very plainly. In commnonting on the silver queotion it says with suome bitter fleSS: Tihe price of fine silver has declined abroad, and will follow suit in the United States. 'ITis was to have been expected. The attitude of President Harrison and the mugwump press has thoroughly convinced foreigners lithat we ae as far as over from free co!nru.., and the white metal sniflrs in conu,;r.urncer. A i-oltive movelnent in the dirlction of free coinauor would send up thie pried o tthe neighborhood of $1.20 an ounice. Now it is not improbable that it 'ill emg Lick to the point from which it started w'ihen bimtntlists believed the Unit:eii: Stna was going to remedy the out rage: ol 173. And with it the prices of cormmeditier. will be su:e to dcline also. 'lTihe Am( ricanes fermer is en joyirng a high deg'ee of priesprity this year owing to the muisforturnc of n nricult-iris;t in other coun tries. but ati ruon :.s averrge cropi ro ar ro duced throughoutt the vwtrli he will her-:in to experience ov r eakiua the pnlrching effects of the contuiacion chichl follows the apprecirti(in of the vaiiue of ,old. It will bo dilliiult to again win the California delegation from the lBlais idol. THE Minneapolis Joumnl says that if c Flower is elected in Now York, lie will be the fret Wall street lUtisealre the demounrats will have elected goveror. That is true, but the republicans hae Selected one Well street millonaire to h- that office, namely, Edwin 1). Morgan, and another great.Wall street operator, Alonzo B. Cornell, who has dropped mil e lions in the street in losing operations. And the present republican an andidate for governor made Iimself a millionaire by marryingt a spooulator's daughter. Ttt Sti Louis (Ilob-l)emoerat anxiously observes that "the Ohio re publicans should consider only one t aspect of the senatorial question during the pelnding campaign and that is the fact that, a republican legislature mnust be elected or Slhrman will be succeeded by a democrat" Blut there are two aspects of the senatorial situatio. and neither can hae ignored. One is the Foraker aspect, and the other the Sher man aspect. That is why it is extremely probable that Mr. Sherman's seat will be taken by a democrat. TIIE.E should be a full attendance at the Board of Tirade meeting to-night for the purpose of extending an Invitation to the executive committee to the irri gation congress to hold their next con vention in Montana. We are attempt ing the solution of the irrigation problem on a practical and gigantic scale, and I our arid lands are greater in area than those of any other state. By all means t I let a hearty invitation go out from our people to the congress to hold its next I session in this state. Ta'n New York Times is the embodi meat of mugwunmpery gone to seed. It t says it doesn't know "whether the comn- e munity would be better off with Mr. a SFlower as governor under the daily 1 guidance of some informed and discreet mentor, or with Mr. Fassett as governor i open not only to the advice but subject h to the direct command of Mr. Platt." 0 The Times seems to hbe fairly astride the barbed wire fence of politics, and its ii position promises to be extremely un comfortable. sc A CurmcA;o tirm one day last week im- o ported 2,700 boxes of tin plate from Wales and a New York firm received on vi the same day 1,500 boxes. What has I become of those American tin plate se works that the republican organs have F been building for the past year? isn't to it time the country was seeing some of as their product? - to Ir is to be regretted that our demo cratic visitors could not spend a week or more in Montana in order to visit other towns in the state and enkindle democratic enthusiasm. Their meetings sr in Butte and Helena have done great tb good, and it is a pity other cities in the do state could not feel the influences. w THE appointment of Gen. William Mahone, of Virginia, to succeed Judge Cooley on the interstate commerce com mission would be about as great a de scent as the president could make. A more conspicuously unfit person for the place could hardly be found. Titr. talk of Jores, of New York, as a formidable factor in the politics of that state comes from people a good ways from New York who don't know Jones. The only formidable thing about Jones is his mustache. WE hope a goodly number of Montana democrats will attend the great convo cation of democratic clubs in Spokane this week. Keep the ball rolling across the continent! A COIN NEARLY I.100l YEARS OLD. It Is a Shekel Strnck by the Hebrews to Comnmemnorate a Victory. There is in this city a relic of the days when the Hebrews were oppressed in Pales tine by the Romans, says the New York World. It is a shekel struck in the year 1;1 A. i).-nearly I,SI0 years ago-in hpnor of the taking of Jerostlem and other places from the Romans by the Hebrews under the leader Simon liar-Cochrbas, who was then proclaimed ruler of the Hebrews. The New York Coin and Stamp company is the owner of this interesting antilquity. Manager Proakey interpreted its curious characters and symbols. "On the obverse,"': he said, "is a conven tional representation of the beantifol gate of Siol:mon's temple. It is, perhaps, the only picture of that edifice extant. The Hebrew characters signify Simon or Sim eon. Above is ia star, alluding to Simon's /tinatue, lar-('ochebas, or Cochab, which signifies "the son of ia star." "'lhe reverse bears the inscription, 'Se nnd year of tilt dllveractce of Israel.' The two emblems are the othrog and lulab. The ethrog is a species of citron. The Inlntb, or bunch of pal~i-brurinches, in oldent times was used ill the temopl, in the house of prrryer when the Hallel psalmns were re jected.,l and was sulrlomn out of people's Ihanris in toe dray time. Aboult the base of the Iultb is a Ira ket. It is the golden biasket with which wealthy Israelites uned to adorn their lulab uinch as rich church goers now ornllaelet their prayer hIrooks. Of thei four or five coins like this now known nri two are exactly aliki. Per iaps i a sparate tire was need for each. No rsatisfactory explarnation of the fact has y t been offered. ''llis ;rekel was the last coin struck itby , he itc.r.a ii as an tion." ()n lookirig at the srlekl closely a series of half eifaced drevwies were found. "That's ranother charptir of the coin's his tory," Mlr. 'rosrkeyi rid. "'l'he.se coins were struck to cIarry the news of victory. liler is proof of the fact. Under tih palm branrnclt and Itibrrw letters you will fiud thSe dtvice of Antioch plainiy outlined. '. irhe Isrtarlrtes evidtntle had the molruy irt tlhrir posoersiol, but rer.oinrld it to sp)relad thll news. It, wcr-t rer,llcv the first typle of thnt newspaper, bearing tih tidiu;ts of victory and deliverance to the oI)pres-,,I.'" A Natural Nxzor Strop. 'Ihere are now blooming in St. Augustine sixteen plants of the agave Victoria regina species, or what is cornitonlev alled the aentury plant, SRlVa tlh Jacksonvilln, 1Fn., 'I iurlebs-l l. A trow l'eril', (icolllll run .ir t of the center p'll.t t,, tio Ii heiuht of sixty f.et, bat it is often rtle!in tln to fihIl rulblsh heap aH wortbll!le, for thl, Isietls that us it thing of briauty it haI no further chrlrrlt I for the r-ye. Yet iriia y Ithouin;tiLds f til shaving proptle of the oil v.orIli utilize tIhe shalt of tli plant. The,-y .mtkr serof it ai it rezr strop. W. ('I, iteli|, 5, tudtitor of thf West, (oast ruilway line, litre lid ot Une HU for limany years. and it shows not the sligh1t. est defect fromni use. 'iTe etrop iv mall(df, Iby trIkitti tihe abaft of the active and cuttiug it into li-l gth of twelve inthers; thoee are solit into four or as itnlllly "qluarter's" ail possiill, allowing to m 'ltch piece ia ufflic(ien(' fi tine pluli or heart of the stalk to pr'eosent a rrl firce of lut lees titan oile illnch onii wilch to strop the razor. The heart hmrd ens in time tid prrs nits a r ine. t'oft and naturally lubricated eurlace for stropping a riazir. Dea h of W1llilau l"errell. KAINAs CITY, Sept. 21.--William Ferrell, probably the most eminent moterologist in the world, died at Maywood, Kainss, last I'riday. DID ABE LINCOL.N UPLIT MIA ll An Indle. e o Demt ota .ee A. to her Pretty orry. Lincoln Oily, a small village in spenoer county, was for four years the tew of r, Abraham Lincoln's parents when he was growing up. It was there that his mother died in 1118. The log catin, the home of , the Lincolns, was of rough oak loge, about e lift on by twenty feet in sie, the crevices filled in with mud, the door of split slabe, with wooden hinges, and but one window with no glass, says a Martinville oorre atpoudent of the Indianapolis Journal. I here was no chimney, a large opening In tlhe roof being left for the smoke to escape. The roof was of split staves pegged down I by croas poles. The beds were a few blank lots on the dirt floor, while the table was r two split slabs set on skids. President Lincoln's father was a river man and w1 orked on flat boats on trips down the Ohio and Misiessippi to New Orleans, and was at hone only eart of the year. The Lincolns moved, tafter three or four years, to linois. The mother of Abraham Lin coln had previously died and was buried on a hill near this cabin. At the time he was 17 years old Lincoln 1 was an awkward, indolent, and apparently unambitious boy. There was nothing in his appearance that indicated more than ordinary intelligence. The stories of his great industry, and particularly of the im mense number of rails he split, are fiction. Hie did not split rails here. The Lincolns had no fences, and had no need of them then, as the country was an almost un broken wilderness. After Lincoln became president a thriving business was done in the manufacture of canes and various other articles from rails said to have been split by him. A log cabin said to be the original home of the Lincolns, was transported bodily to Illinois, when, in fact, the original cabin had been torn down and all traces of it destroyed years before. The burial ground on the hill was grown up with briars and bushes. The identity of the graves was lost. No one living can posi tively say which was the grave of Nancy Hanks Lincoln. One was selected which was supposed to be her grave, The Stude bakers, of South Bend, donated money to erect a plain slab and placed an iron fence about the lot. The much-heralded monu ment erected in memory of the mother of President Lincoln does not exist. Twenty-five years ago a company of Bos ton capitalists conceived the idea of build ing up a city on this historic spot. Five hundred acres of land, including the ground on which the Lincoln cabin stood and the graves on the hill, was laid out in lots, and an artificial lake was made. Maps and illustrated circulars were scattered broadcast throughout the United States. Auction sales were held and hundreds of lots were sold at high prices. Scores of cottages were built and most liberal inducements were offered to attract people. A large num ber of families moved there and the scheme promised to be a success, but sickness per vaded the town. No remunerative employ ment was provided for the citizens, conse quently in a few years the town was de serted and the enterprise proved a failure. For twenty years the town was virtually abandoned. The lots and cottages reverted to the company or or were sold for taxes, and the land was again on the market at $20 to $40 an acre. A IODEL'S STORY. Posing for One Dollar Per Hour-Now She Owns Her Own Home. "Artists like a slender model," said a re spectable young boarding house keeper in the South end to the writer recently. "They do not care for the large women, who appear well enough on the streets." The young woman who spoke is a widow, pretty, and rather attractive, with none of those easy manners which one is led to be lieve are the natural requisites for the mod els who pose for the artists. "You wonder how I came to be a model," she continued, "and you probably believe that the lives of all women who pose as studies must necessarily be open to.:oriti cism. No; this is entirely wrong. 'Some years ago I found myself in New York city with no money and a little child, my hus band having just died. "It was my ambition to give this child an education and a comfortable home. I found I could become an artists' model and earn $1 an hour, with no fear of lowering my moral character. The artists in New York, my experience has proven, are a quiet, dili gent set, and although frequently posing thirty hours in one week, I never had oon - sion to criticise the action of any of those who drew from me. For a long time I posed for a class consisting of an artist, his wife and eldest daughter. "Their treatment was always of the kindest. I would never pose for a large class, but I have heard many a model say that if she were to have her choice she would much prefer to stand before a class of illustrious male artists than women. "The women believe their models to be in a much lower sphere than themselves, and they do not hesitate to make the most cruel and unkind remarks. In New York, before artists in classes are allowed to sketch from the nude. they are obliged to pass a satisfactory examination in drawing from head and by other tests. In Boston. here, it is different. "I hear there is one class which any one may join to draw from the nude by paying 50 cents an hour. This mere perquisite can not fail to bring about a state of affairs Ihat ought to be prevented. Bloys and men enter the class with no knowledge of draw ing. In Boston, posing of men is the onue toin rather than women. Two years ago I posed at the Art Museum for a number of students in a competitive examination to sketch my back. "In Paris, I am aware, it is different. Artists do not hesitate to acknowledge the fact that they live with their models, and their life together ends with the finishing of the sketch or etching which may be the work of the painter. With the money I have earned in respectable posing I have been able to give my child an education. and this house, I am proud to say, is my own. If occasion should require, I would not hesitate in returning to New York to earn $30 a week as a model, but nothing would persuade me to employ myself the sarue way here among the Boston artists." B-oston Herald. Economy SnOi gars. A well known business man walked into a cigar store the other morning and took out two coins, says the Rochaster Democrat. )tne was a dollar and the other a half dollar. lIe laid them both down on the case and pointed to a box of inmported cigars, saying: "Give ue it dollar's worth of those." The clerk handed them out and the buyer laid ihe six that hi: vanted in a row along the case., 'hen he said to the clerk: "Give me bllf a dollar's worth of any gioo five-cent cigor." 'ie clerk did as lie was bid and the iveo -c:anters wore laid along in a row also. fIln acgllttllitn thenu took the row of im ported cigars and cut the ellde off of them all. ''Thfl hIe mixed the five--conterai and the twelnt-centor utip together iand put them all into his ,arpacious vo.t pockets, A friend who was statneing near, and who lad watched the Opor:ation with i good deal if curiosity, said: "Wherefore?" "Simply this, rmy boy," replied the man addressed. "1 Itl i'n i business where I have to give 'way a good many cigars. I am it maNl who likbr a arud cigar. I cannot alford to give warey the kind of ciears that I amt oh my eif, so I lbuy a day's supply tirnd cut the tads oif. 'I hlrl I buy some cheap ones. st lbou It, is n.ec,,sary for me to give away a iigar I pull out ta Iintldful and offer onei to Ib polreon, whoever lie may bh. le thinks h.ut the ones with the cnds cut llf I have htald in Iry loutlh, and tlakOr one of the hleap oUines, whlerel,y I save a giood many allitrs in the course of a year and also keep i.yself on good terms with the people to whom it is necessary to give cigars." A Manmoth IIorse. Valley City, N. I)., has, it is sotid, one of he IrIIst extrauodinary 'e::iilles of horse lu(h nr existenol,. lie is a sorrel, stands nily I hailnds, or si feeoot four inches from he, lflor no withers; his legs arc, thlree feet ic it'hts shiefor0 touching tihe itl,€ aind a muill brniricho carn asHily walk liuulllr him. A Ilimani six folt in hiigbtl rlanlt sel, rver hlis iack., eveenwhen ettutdiig in tiptoe. In eingtl he ie fully 13 feet or 17 feet from tip i nrres to tip of tail. When standing with lis head its ordinarily checkeld up a seven foit man, iy standing on tiptou, can jest ;outh tile base of his ear. A Popular Investment is S. HEILEJA JREfb ESTJ TE =._... _..WH Y ? _ _ Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel Because Helena is the tempo- ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city,' Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. * Wallace & Thorrburgk,. **.*DENVER BUILDING,i.*. Broadv)ay and Warren Sts., Helena, Montana JACQUEIN &CO. WATGHJVIAKERS, JEWELERS, - SILVEJRSMITHS. -Dealers in DIAMONDS, W:ATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manufactured to Order. Mon tana Sapphire and Nugget Jew. elry a SPECIALTY' ! CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, 27 Main Street. RANCH F _,000 ACRES. Well improved and thoroughly irrigated, on fina range. A GREAT BARGAIN! W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK PATENTS. United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law, Pittsburgl h Block, Helena, Mont. ALIAS PUIMONS--STATE OF IMONTANA, county of Lewis and ('la.ke, os. In Juotire'. court of Ilehrna township, before I. F. Woodman, just ice of the penc. Iee Edwarda, plaiutifl', vn. F. B. Q. Clothing Company. d',feadant. 'ile state of Montana to the above-named do fondant, greeting: You are horaily aulmoneri to be and appear before mn, It. . Woodman, a joutice of the peate in and for the county of LIrwie a.i Clarke, at my offie in Ielonc, within too date after the completion of the puob)litlion ,f Ibe publication of thin amu moa. to-wit., after OrtLober i. 1811. then acd there to Inake enlw.r Ito Ito comnpliatof l,,e 1dward., the cbove nameo- pliutiiff, tn a civil action to re cover he aumtl of righty-two and fifty ono toun drellthe dollur . righlten dollars fir wages dcu plalutllf from defcntaut': $itt0 hb:rthl, ytI.7. for iedal and it.'i7 fIr railway lirkel from (Chlclgo to IJelena , which d-frndaot agrerd to ftrolah laintiff end anfctrwards rtflrerd to do, and in do fadlt Ihrf d.ment will e rendured against ye., I!. H.I Q. ('lothmg ('otnpn, the above-uanad defendant, for Io oim of eighty-two and fiftly one-hnldredtha Idollars, and cosIt of ltilt in tlhd behalf expended. Given under ny hands tis 4th d9y ofl Beptom. bhr. A. D. 18111. D. F. WOODMAN Joustice of the Peace of Slad Township. '.[ney U. biairm, lintitlf'e Aturnar. GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of - - - Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The particular care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty of designs all guarantee the best value at no higher prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship. - - - Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goode is unexcelled, and we are showing all the Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: - - - - - Dr. Vaeger's Sanitary Wool er System Glothing, Knox World Jenov.)ned J-fats, Hartan & Sons' Shoes. • Send for catalogue of Dr. Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - Ist. FLOOR--Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR--Boys' and Children's Suits and Overcoats... 3d. FLOOR--Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR--Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lighte, business establishment in the noithwest. GANS a& KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, IHatters and IHaberdashers.