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cat ti ric ak of s h ` Or sasn" vtr,tsoslaoe. o* e i4ro4gr, paable to t'he ýadSeiý ePatb ` Persous deiriag the II5aO OWDan wnsei It t hir homes or plaee of business cen odaer b; epostal card or through telephone No. 1.O Pleeat report eases of irreaular delivery pemiptly. Advertisemsnte, to insure prompt ln5tlon, shonld be h nded in before 8 p. m. Rtjelted mmunleotions not returnable nn less posts~ enclosed. TERMS OF SUBIOR1IPTION. lY MAIL. Daily rinoluding Sunday] per year.......... $10 0 Daily Iincluding nanday] six months...... i 00 Dail, l inclnilg Sunday l thre. months.... 2 0 Daely lexnudtiung unday] per year......... 00 Daily ircludin Sunday]l per month...... 75 So.n.ay only tin advancel per year......... 2 50 WeVkly lin advance only] per year........ 2 00 Taily by carrier, per week, Ls[sen inunel., 15 hI ELIENA MONT., SEPT. 25. 1801. $Pr M.oalnians abroad will always find Tap DAIiY INOrpe.Xi)rNT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, Now York; Went, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palacs, han Francisco: McDermeott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Springrtoll. Ill. WOOL AND S1IEEP. In his speech at Butte the other night Congrssoman Bynum is reported to have said, "The largest herds of sheep are being sold off; the farmer finds it unprofitablo industry to raise them." The Benton River Press, in commenting on this statement says: That may do to toll in Butte, but in Fort Benton we are not entirely prepared to accept it. When it is remembered that only the highest prices can induce our sheep men to part with their flocks: that nearly all the sheep sold here go to Dawson county and North Dakota to parties who wish to embark in the industry; that the price of Montana sheep is higher than it has been for years past, and that the demand for sheep is so great that 30,000 or 40,000 of them placed on the market would be quickly bought up by sheepmen in this vicinity alone; with these facts in mind wefeel unwilling to indorse the state ment of the learned gentleman from Indi ana. The Inter Mountain in calling atten tion to this comment of its democratic contemporary adds, "Perhaps the Miner or Standard or Independent would like to wrestle with the above." Why' cer tainly. Mr. Bynum was speaking of the wool industry of the entire country and not of Montana alone, and his statement was absolutely correct. In his speech in Spokane last night he spoke more explicitly on that point. He showed by the official statistics that not only had the price of domestic wool depreciated as the result of a high tariff, but that the number of sheep had diminished, while in free wool countries the number had remained stationary or increased. In 1867, when the duty was raised on wool the price went down. The duties were increased by the Mc Kinley bill and Ohio wool that sold last year for 34 cents a pound is now quoted at 29 and 31 cents. In 1884 there were 50,000,000 head of sheep in the United States; in 1886 tldis number had shrunk ly nearly 2,000,000, and on January 1, 1889, the total number in the entire country was a little over 39,000,000. How was it in other countries? In 1885 France had 22,600,000 sheep and in 1887 22.800,000, an increase of 200,000 head. Wool in France is duty free. In that country there are one hundred sheep to a square mile while under the highest protection ever known there are not fourteen sheep to the square mile in the United States, and the number is di minishing. The River Press and the Inter Mountain should know that the conditions of sheep growing are excepti onally favorable in Montana and Dakota, and that in the older settled states the industry is everywhere languishing. WOMEN'S WAGES. Among the economic and scientific gatherings of the year, the meetings of the British association have always occu pied an honorable place and commanded the tribute of respectful attention. Their good name has been well merited. The standard throughout has been uni formly high. In the first place, the as sociation has always been able to rally round its standard groups of highly distinguished men, men whose reputa tions as specialists are world-wide. With these intellectual suns shedding light in the firmament of the association's meetings, it is a natural consequence that many men of lesser effulgence are prompt to place themselves in position to take advantage of their rays. Again, the subjects under discussion have gen enrally been of pressing, and frequently of international, importance. 'The repu tation of the leaders in the various sec tions has always been a guarantee for original thinking and a promise of prac tical results. This year's convention does not seem to have been an exception to the general rule, but in the case of one discussion, at least, we must confess to a feeling of disappointment. When the association undertook to throw the light of its col lective wisdom upon the subjc.nt of the "alleged differences in the wages paid to men and women for s.ililair work," it entered upon a fruitful field. Tih sub ject is one of supreme importance to the world of labor, and it does not seem too much to expect from the association some valuable contributions to the liter ature of the grievance. IBut the verbal threshing was rich only in straw. The historian of the future will search In vain the records of the gathering for any practical outcome or even for valu able suggestions. The phrasing of the subject, to begin with, was ambiguous. Did the author ities of the association mean to cast any doubt upon the actual existence of a disproportion, where they spoke of the "alleged differences." (On the face of the subject heading, that would seem to have been their meaning. But, as notual fact, the difference in many occiupatios is matter belyond dispute. As type writers, teaclmr, clerks, wouilell habitu ally receive less than meon employed in the same occupations. If that was not the meaning inotended to be conveyed, we are forced to the belief that the in dividual who d'ow up the subject for discussion was already so far prejudiced in favor of the male sex that he be lieved that women were not capable of Sthe production of work of agrad6 iquit ilatt to that of men. Sit that were se, there is undoubted Something to be said in favor of hi. idea The less robust physique of ordikarj womanhood ots as a serious deterrent to free. competition with the labor of their male rivala But all is not said, when that is said. The opinion was freely expressed in the course of the discussion that the average of female work was not up to that of tlhe male. The difference was due not only to physical weakness, but to the temporary nature of a large number of female occupations. Once a priest, always a priest, is a favorite method of expressing the life-long haraoter of that profession. But if it were suggested that she who was once a typewriter, should remain a typewriter till her hair whitened and her teeth fell out, the individual in question would feel her personal charms insulted, and would point with satisfaction to the example of King Cophetua and many other em ployers of labor of later date. The hope of marriage in the future will always tend to a lowering of the performance of duties which are felt to be merely temporary. But we believe that for the existence of the difference there is a reason more valid than any yet suggested. It is the absence of combination in female labor, and we would add to that the narrow ness so far of the field of feminine occu pation. But both of these are evils that are in process of rapid melioration, and the women workers may confidently look forward to brighter times. Equiva lent pay for equivalent work is already the rule in the teaching profession in several of our own states. In literature and art the change is an accomplished fact. George Eliot did not owe her re muneration to her pseudonym, and Rosa Bonheur commanded her own price. The principle is one of pure and simple justice. Wherever women are doing exactly the same work with sudoess equal to that of their male competitors, it is the most ordinary fair play to render them equal compensation. SoasE of our republican contempora ries are very much worried because the New York democrats in their platform did not plunge into the presidential question and discuss national issues. The reason is very plain. The republi cans, or rather Boss Platt, for there is no republican party in New York out side of Boss Platt, forced the fighting on state issues. The brutal and un called for personal attack made by Platt upon Gov. Hill left the democrats no alternative but to accept the challenge. They made their own platform purely on state issues. The democratic position is clearly stated by Mr. Rosendale, the democratic nominee for attorney general, in these words: "Our platform as adopted by' the Saratoga convention takes pains to emphasize and make prominent the fact that this is a state campaign pure and simple. There is no national ticket in the field, no federal officers to be elected this fall, therefore the only question is what kind of an ad ministration shall we choose for the state." We make no doubt that Boss Platt wishes he had not forced his party upon this ground, for the affair~ f the state of New York, under the seven years of Gov. Hill's tenure of office, have been administered honestly, wisely and economically. Platt's bossism has re sulted in disaster after disaster to the republicans ever since he has been at the head of the machine, with the single exception of the presidential election of 1888, when Boss Quay bought the state with John Wanamaker's $400,000. Platt's man, Fassett, will be beaten anywhere from 20,000 to 40,000 votes this year. Couvr, paternalism in government go further than a recent enactment of the Maine legislature, which provides "that in case one or both eyes of an infant become reddened or inflamed within four weeks after birth it shall be the duty of the nurse or the person in charge of it to report the matter at once to a physician under penalty of fine or im prisonment not exceeding six months?" That is a law worthy the authorship of Dictator Reed. CHAIRMAN CONGER, of the republican state committee of Ohio, who is one of the largest employers of labor in the state, has just reduced the wages of his operatives ten per cent. This adds another weight to the load of tariff exp'anations under which poor McKin ley is staggering. Perhaps the reduc tion is a part of the conspiracy to defeat the young Napoleon. Conger is an en thusiastic Blaine man. To'.: completion of the great tunnel six thousand feet long between Sarnia, Unt., and Port Hluron, Michl., is a mar veloas triumph of engineering skill and brings Canada into still closer trade relations with the United States. A paseenger may now go from Chicago to Montreal by rail without changing cars as comfortably and speedily as he can travel between any two points in the United States. Tire denrmocratse of our sister state of Washington are having a grand rally of their clubs at Spokane this week. Wait till next year when the organization of our clubs in Montana is completed and you will see thgreatest political gather ing Montana has ever known. Sniriltuallstic Plhenomena. Mr. Slade, the medium who some years ago made quite a sensation in New York throueh his spiritualistic nmanifestations, will make his first appearance in this city Sunday night, Sept. L27th, at Ming's Opera house. All agree that this soance is extra ordinary to a decree remarkable, unexcelled by any ssance of tio kind before the public. blade leaves his audience free to draw their own Inlfrence as to the motive force of his manifestations, neither claiming, Ra somen do, to have the aid of supernatural powers, nor confeeslng that be is alone dependent upon his own exertions and dexterity. "If I do not have invisible aid, pray tell me how I do these tihingr?" A highly nervous, but bright. in telligent gentleman, he seems to be without powers to do one-half th| feats that are made a regular part of his seance. At the opera house Sunday night the skeptical may be presented with liberty to subject the gentleman to any reasonable test and free to detect what they can. A small admission fee will be charged to de fray exyenase. F " iot t`5 was eon. A. Uio d eoaty7 in the lr0t sat a looked legislature and, i Tone ilatefs, who in theu t1ryla' hcs a ti net popularity with d.oersta 4. publicans alike. An ezpereate tltte rn-seinator is not fond of dMiduit bºut which is nevertheless amust.g to ioaa* peo pie is his share in the famous esealep k'n ator Becker from the lend of his ealmtIe. It will he remembered that eket ·cWas returned to hostage one Saturday eienrlg after a most thrillling chase. He was safely lodged in the senate chamber where be re mained dumb as the proverbial oyster While bills were rushed through with lightning like speed under the authority of 'Ihomas B. Red Rickards. Becker completed the quorum according to the anoient palia mentary lawof Montana. Evert the sanoe tity of the Sabbath was profaned in the haste of these legislative servants"to do their duty" to their constituents. Unfortunately, however, the able lieutenant-governor for got to sign the bills in the presence of the senate and thus all legislation enacted up to adjournment was void. The next day wee Sunday and it snowed. The oversight was of course discovered the following morning, but matters could not be mended until Monday. The republican senators, however, thought it would be well to keep an eye on Becker, so they delegated tRuth ford and Babcock to be sociable with him daring the day and evening. Babcock is a good fellow, and Becker unsuspecting, thought he was sent out as an emissary of peace. At 10 o'clock in the evening they were seated in the lobby of The Helena and joking about the events of the Frasfew days. Finally Becker yawned and said he thought he would retire as he was very tired. Babcock was tired, too, so he said "good night" and went home smiling over the suc cess of his mission and never dreaming that all was not right. ,Becker went up stairs, slipped down the rear stairway, jumped in a hack and in a few minutes was at the Northern Pacifio depot. There he found an engine ajid caboose in waiting, and the next morning at dawn he was in Idaho. Isn't it a trifle curious that only one bid for paving Main street was presented to the city council? Contractors willing to do business with the city have not been lack ing in number heretofore. It ifes difficult for the average citizen of Helena to realize that the Minneapolis achools have been closed because of the ex cessive heat. John Magnire's friends in Helena hope be will make a financial success of the Bernhardt engagement in Butte. Many will go over to the camp Saturday to see the divine Sara wreathed about in Magumre's smiles. It seems odd to think of Bernhardt playing in Smoketown and not in Helena? What is the trouble? Is culture in Montana playing out or are the French woman's re presentatives too ignorant to find the true home of the effete intellect of the north west. We supposed that everyone knew Last Chance was the most refined gulch in Montana. The following telegram was received at the Journal office yestetday: "Start subscription list for Grant uvonn ment at once. No delay. This i, import ant. Have instructed Arkell to iame effect." R. .,H. We learn that a lodge of Highbinders will soon be started in Chinatown. China Tom and a few old-timers have applied to the grand lodge in San Francisco for a dispen sation and it is expected that Helena lodge, No. 145, will be instituted without delay. "There has been a great change come over the democracy since that time."-Last evening's Herald. Pwhat's that? Reinhardt Pruver, who has been the de fendant in a somewhat notorious case, dropped into THE INDEPENDENT office last evening. "Vas tie brinted in your baper?" he asked, holding out a clipping. "Yes, sir," replied the man at the desk. "Vell, ten, I vent you to return my goot name," requested Mr. Prover. "You can write a card if you care-" "Tam de card. I vant my good name re turned," said Mr. Prover with rising anger. "Don't you know that we keep everything we get here?" said the man. "Don't monkey mit me. I tell you tose," yelled Pruver. "Well, then, go down to the business office. If the manager can't return your name, perhaps he can give you another that will do just as well." "I ain't foolin mit tie matter von tam bit." "Fasten up your mouth and go down Al tairs," said the married man, giving him a safety pin. "It vill gost die gumpany ten t'ousand oilers," said Pruver, backing toward the oor, "and te Herald and Yurnal te same. tell you tose." "Good by." "I vill pe here some more," yelled Mr. Pruven as he meandered down the stairs. .. Ed Zimmerman was looking at the pie ture of the proposed Montana building at the World's fair, which is now on exhibi tion in the store window of Gans & Klein. It shows a square one-story structure in the mythological style of ancient Missouri and was reproduced from an old picture handied down for generations in the family of a well-known Montana Missourian. Near the building is a mountain surmounted by a shaft house. "That's first-rate," said Zimmerman, "first-rate. I am glad to know that the Major Budd will be seen at the fair." We call the attention of Alderman John W. Thompson to a news item on the first page, in which it appears that Mrs. Wool ridge slapped a man's jaw at Great Falls. l,unch from 12 to 0 p. in. at the IIulena Cafe. Now pictures at T'ho fIte live. Typewriting, roolm 15 Bailey block. A Now I'roprietor. The Bristol, formerly known as the Wooidridge house, situated at the corner of South Main and State streets, has been par. chased and thoroughly renovated by the jpopular and well-known caterer to the pub Iio comfort. Finily Urquhart, which is an assurance that the patrons and the public in general will recive the utmost courtesy and attention. ltoesonable rates to'tran Hstnt guests. hloomn by the day, week or month. Patronage solicited. IDrs. ~ssllg & Foaotel, itllsi, rolns 5i10 amd l511 fwer bi.,s 4 11th Iloor. fe.'t TI,, l lill ed Itis week on spoelal priccifort i nl irui a, llell aikiiis, of their own ie uorLtat ioi. Fanlcy tabls covers at Tthe I'e live in ch clnillo, plnsh, eilk, lilen, in tstl.ry velveo crash, ett., at inmport prices. Call and ase them. hA on anotlhoer page. A Popular Iiw tent s HELEJ1A JEJ\hl EST\ATE! Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a slpport. business center of large propor- Thmnk of the vast sums re tions. ceived by Helena ,men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these sanme road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. ·Then say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Because Helena will be the Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap somd of the pro. Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. ° We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag *boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. " Wallace & Thornburgh,. ***.DENVER BUILDING,.... BroadvJay and Warren Sts., Jielena, Montana JACQUEMIN& CO Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. - PATENTS. * United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law. Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont. RANCH OF 2,000ACRS Well improved and thoroughly ir rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. NOTICEH-TO WIHOM IT 1A CONCERN: Motioe is hereby given that in eacordance with the limitatione and conditions of the con tract between the Irjeitable Life Assuranoe eo iet of the city of New York. and 'Ihome H. iurke, dated March 9th, 1889, and all an p'emen tarO contracts thereto, the atgeT e of sa'd P'homN H. Burke, and he. co-partners ipof tErk. tun ter & Companyr, will trminate and be void from and after thirt, days from the 28th day of Au gý1t, 191l. After ratd dat', Mr. Dunan IHunter ,1U carry on the businessas geeneral.agnot. 11. B. HYDE, Preident. Dated this August 2th, 1891. NOTJE--TO WHOM II MAY CONCERN: Notice Ia herby. gv!en that the eoopartner shlp heretofore eistMing between Thomas H. hurke and Dunuac Hunter, under the firm name and style of "Burke HBunter & Conmpany," as .unt of the Equitable L.f Assuranne soiety of the ulty of New York. .. y mutual enndite olved, paid deoltinto tk la0 thirty daryy after tre 99th day of r sunt,10. 1 Mr, Duncan Hunter wii wid lthe busuese of the o-partuerehip. D'r .UidIAN I7jVTH Dated this th day of August, 18901., ama leased eo state that Mr. Thomas H. Batrke will eotl .s to he ssociated with Shis agency, alfsollo r. DU UCAN IIHUNTgE. Jirelaa, len( Auguet 29,15O9, GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of. - Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The particular care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty of. designs all guarantee the best value at no higher prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship. Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goods is unexcelled, and we are showing all the Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: - . ....... Dr. Yaeger's Sanitary Wool en,Systerm Glothing, Knox World Jenovwned flats, Hanan & Sons' Shoes. Send for catalogue of Dr. Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - - - - - - - - - ist. FLOOR--Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR--Boys' and Children's Suits and Overcoats. 3d. FLOOR--Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR-Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lightec, business establishment in the not thwest. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and IHaberdashers.