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tilts busbooms e its...[ tu.n 00 Eby ' oard* ie#h telegos~eNe. 160. -Peswe ca55s of itregalar delivey prepIpaih. 4 ,to eeiue to tansure prompt lawedtea. onl4 bhanded la baeret t p.m. Italeoted oommentenaioan not rEturosbie us Isp poe0t51 is enolosed. TERMS OF IUwSoIUPTION. Dally [inolsding Sundayl per year..........glS 00 Daily [including Sunday] six Nonths...... 5 00 Daily [including Snudayl three months.... 560 Daily [excluding Snndeyl per year......... 000 Daily [excluding SBndayj.per month...... 75 unnday only [in advancel per year......... 650 Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 3 00 Daily by carrier, per week. [saven issueas. . HELENA, MONT.. OCT. 2. 1891. P"Montniane abroad will always fund Tea DAILY INDUPI IDYNT on ile at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York; Wert. Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palaeo, Sian Francisco; McDermott, Butte. Leland Hotel, "Springfield. Ill. A NATIONAL CONVENTION HERB There is a very strong feeling through out the west and south, in both politi cal parties, that the time is coming when the national conventions should meet nearer the seat of political power. The republican leaders in the west, in response to this growing sentiment, are variously pressing the claims of Minne apolis, Omaha and Denver as suitable places for the meeting of their conven tion ip 1892. Simultaneously, far-seeing democrats of the west are discussing San Francisco and Tacoma as desirable points at which to hold the convention of their party. We believe that the time has come when the parties should cross the Mis Qissippi river to hold their conven tions. Whether it is wise to cross the ,continent to the Pacitic coast, at one "leap, may be questioned. We believe it would be wiser to stop midway between Ithe Mississippi and the Pacific at the ýfirst move. Believing that this will strike the members of the democratic attonal committee as the part of wis n Col. Broadwater, Gov. Hauser, and Sher leading citizens of Helena have de muned to invite the democratic con ention of 1892 to meet in this city. The gographical situation of Helena mid way between the Mississippi and the Pa ifio ocean, its accessibility by three groat transcontinental lines of railway, tits unsurpassed hotel accomniodations, Fits superb summer climate, the scenic attractions of the surrounding country, ,are all points in our favor that are pretty well known to the country. They will again be called to the attention of the national committee in extending an Invitation on behalf of our citizens to the next convention to meet here. Nor will that be all. Our public spirited cit izens will enter into an agreement to are~the finest auditorium in the coun try for convention purposes and will ontribute a fund of $100,000 toward de ?raying the expenses of the convention. Can any other city match this offer, r show the equal of these attractions? If so, it has not yet put in its offer. The citizens of Helena are in earnest. They propose to talk business to the na sional committee. The political reasons or holding the convention here are too ;pparent to need elaboration. ` Geo rraphically the argument in our favor is iv rwhelming. Financially Helena's of er will be unequaled. As to accommo- 1 tations for a multitude, no city of its E ize in the United States can offer more ir better. MUNICIPAL MISGOVERNMENT. President Eliot, of Harvard universi y, in discussing some of the phases of eunioipal misgovernment calls atten ion to one curious inconsistency in the dministration of city government un er a democracy. While aristocratic nd autocratre governments provide for be health and recreation of the masses y establishing parks, gardens, groves, auntains, and other attractions for the anjoyment of the populace, our city gov enments in thin country, although theo tically administerad by the people and ir the people, neglect all these things. ot only London, Vienna, Berlin and aris, but even the least progressive ties in Spain and Sicily, make better rovisions for the health and comfort of weir toiling denicens than the popular 3vernments, so-called, of the cities of ie United States. Mr. EIot thinks our people are singu. rly slow in grasping the idea of muni 'al government. Several of the naller cities of New England, he says, iae actually declined the gift of value .e tracts of land for park purposes, emingly on the mistaken theory that ablic parks are luxuries for the rich or .e idle instead of breathing places eded by the laborious and the poor. .contra-distinction from the adminis ation of municipal affairs Mr. Eliot tints out the fact that town govern ants in the United States have re. sined good down to the present day rough all the deterioration of city vernments. The reason for this dif -ence is that the beast man in a rural wa can serve the community as a cool trustee, a road commissioner, or other capacity without taking time )m his regular occupation or business. cities competent men will not leave sir regular occupations to devote their Lire time to the duties of munini l offices where the tenure is unoer i but always short, and where ces are held subject to the ups and ens of political parties, or at the ascure of a party boss. The result of s state of things is that the city, as a e, secures the services of only see , third or fourth rate servants, the it-fitted men preferring permanent upation in private stations. he remedy for this evil, in Mr. Eliot's blon, lies in the adoption of the policy Juooessfully employed by great busi houses and corporations. Tiho ke, trust companies, insurance coii ies, railroads, factories, and other in utions retain trusty managers and jed employes as long as possiblo. collection of taxes, the management ater supplies and drainage systems, - ihl 014ehei4a of .-t6~. and mmaw other matteai°..eall for thee gaipie rosful attention, latellil piet inaanu*ituat, and direction a the affairs of business corporations. They are not politioal queations at all and po litiolana should not be allowed to med. dle with-them. Given more permanent tenure of offiloe and freedom from politi. cal diotation, Mr. Eliot believes, and we think rightly, that muniolpal service would be made an attractive` career for intelligent and self-respecting young Americans. Once removed from politics city governments would perform the work they do in European munioipali ties-look after the interest and welfare of the whole people. A SQUARU BACK DOWN. At last the Helena Journal squarely backs down from its denial of Tm. IN DEPENDTNT'S statement that American manufacturers sell their goods cheaper to foreign retail buyers than to do meatic Wholesale purchasers. It quib bles through another column and a half of irrelevant matter but at the end it crawls into its hole and pulls the hole in after it, and there we propose to leave it. Yes, this is indeed a campaign of ed ucation, and the Journal has learned the first lesson-don't monkey with the buzz-saw of hard facts. 1Cot. THEtononE A. DonDG is a soldie1 whose standing cannot be questioned When he denounces our pension polio3 as wasteful and extravagant his words are worthy serious attention. In a re cent paper on the question of national defenses he says: The cost of complete coast defences and a navy, as planned by the fortification and policy boards, is all but $500,000,000. To spread this amount over fifteen years would make necessary an annual appropriation of $35,000,000. Add to this sum $3,000,000 for militia training, and we find that $380,000, 000 a year will be needed. There must also be a small appropriation for experiments. The rapid advance of scientifio discovery requires constant testing of new devices. But this is not large. We are spending vast sums on pensions, a disgraceful percentage which are unearned or fraudulent. As the pension laws now stand, $140,000,000 will be required for the single year 1891. Is it not wise to spend something on protection from possible, even if remote, national dis aster, than still greater sums on extensions of the pension system? Col. Dodge thus pictures what would follow a rupture with a country like Great Britain: In two weeks after a declaration of war, England could place fifty gunboats on the lakes and more than thirty armored vessels in the harbors of our leading cities, and could concentrate 75,000 regular troops in Canada, backed by a sturdy militia ready to march across our border; while in twice that tisiae part of her Asiatic squadron sail through the Golden Gate. Our lake frontier is a cobweb. No land defences of such towns as Chicago, situated on the shore itself, could save them from bomn bardment. The best army could not pro tect Chicago against a mediocre modern fleet. The shipping and commerce of the lake is attractive. The goods afloat and asbore suffice to pay a huge war indemnity. They are all at the mercy of an English flo tilla. Some people imagine that modern war has been humanized out of such meas ures as bombardment. But Paris was bombarded in 1870; so was Strasburg, and its beautiful cathedral spire was seriously injured. War has no msthetio maxims. The docupation of a seaport leaves no al ternative but submission and the payment of a heavy ransom-or bombardment. These be words of truth and soberness. Millions less for pensions, millions more for defenses will yet become a popular sentiment. IFa cheap coat, as B. Harrison says, implies a cheap man inside the coat, why doesn't it follow that cheap sugar implies a cheap man outside the augar? BOULANGER'S death was as thoatric and sensational as his life. He was a true Frenchman. THlE BOOK TABLE. Tnc WITCO or POAoUE.; A FANTASTIC TATLE. -By F. Marion Crawford. New York: Macmillan & Co. This volume, though primarily a fantas tic tale based on hypnotism, under the masterly hand of Marion Crawford, be comes, also, a fascinating love story. To those who are familiar with the author's fine descriptive style, his power to portray the most intense passions that dominate the human heart, and the artistic finish of all his work, it is not necessary to explain that he is never dependent upon the mysterious or fantastic to hold the interest of his readers. The witch of Prague is a young and beautiful woman, endowed with the power to hypnotize all with whom she comes in contact, with the exception of one little, old man. Hle is a strange, gnome like creature whose one ambition is to dis cover the secret of life, in order that he may find out how to "embalm himself while living." To this end he devotes all his great learning, and experiments regard less of the cost to his follow men. In tUnorna, the witch, be finds just the ally he needs, Together they succeed in causing an aged scholar to remain in a hypnotic lethargy for years; recalling him from time to time to question him of things in the past and future, and make him do whatever they think necessary to prolong his life. A young and vigorous man, whose blood has been drained to supply vitality to the "ancient sleeper" is made to believe that his weariness and loss of strength are caused by a long, fatiguing journey. The sane victim is made to suffer, while hyptonized, the tortures of a martyr. The author explains, in a foot note, that the most important situations in the story, have been taken from cases which hate come under medical observation within the past few years. The book abounds in fine metaphysical disauisitions. The plot, though simple, adds to the interest of the story. Through a series of strange circumstances, a young man called the Wanderer, loase all trace of the woman he loves, for years. In the course of his eager search for her he visits Prague and is con duated to the house of Unorna. She falls deeply in love with him, and the awful struggles between her better and evil na tures, when she discovers that her love is unrequited, form someof the strongest pas sages in the book. Again and again she determines not to use Ler strange power to win his love, beyond causing him to forget Beatrice. But, when she accidentally meets the latter she is swept away by her great passion cnd commands Beatrice to sleep and never wake again. Not satisfied with this, she conceives the hideous idea of mak iog her commit a crime whereby her soul Bqatueet found at aMort tme to ean e he'womanly nature .. . Woks the "Aneient se " en briftntrggle, Mtens to his trentt > btlng Beatsies to her lover. sJXiks. ov .asa WoiMa A Retaag Woman Msde oRe LAte Wi* K@orphbae at the erewlev Reuse. Rena Norman, a young colored woman, committed sunlide at the Crowley lodging house. 1830( South Main street, last night, by taking morphine. The woman came to Helena Wednesday night from Missoula and took a rear room at the lodging boos. She seemed to be despondent, and from the statements of the women who were present last night, when the coroner's Jury viewed the body, it was learned that the woman had for a lover the notorious Bob Anstln, of whom she was jealous. Austin is a colored man well known to the polle. Rena Norman came here last summer from Nashville, Tenn., and was an inmate of one of the houses on Clore street, where she first met Austin and became enamored of him. A short time after her arrival here John Frey, who was then on the police force, arrested the woman while she was drunk and disorderly. She told Frey after wards that it was the first time she had been arrested, and that previous to her ar rival in Helena she had been a respectable married woman and the mother of two children. She also told Frey that she loved Austin and supposed she would kill herself on Lie account some day. Frey said she was a woman of remarkable per sonal beauty, and had evidently been ao ocstomed to abetter life than the one she lived here. Since lasfr summer she has bean to Missoula anol Spokane. The woman must have taken the poison about ten o'clock as she was discovered shortly afterwards in her room breathing heavily. Dr. J. M. Reed and Dr.W. L.'Steele and several female friends of the woman labored with her until all hope of saving her life was gone. One of her friends said the woman was drunk when she took the dose of morphine. Bob Austin, the lover, was inconsolable and paced up and down the hall in front of the room while the jury were looking at the corpse. He refused to say anything about the affair. Coroner Rockman olaced Patrolman Van Asse in charge of the body with orders to keep every one from the room except the under taker and his assistants. The inquest will be held at the court house at one p. m. to day. AMUSEMENTS. The sudden change in the weather doubt less kept many people away from the opera house who would otherwise have been there to see the first minstrel performance of the season. As it was the gallery was filled. Goodyear, Elitch & Shilling's minstrels gave a very satisfactory entertainment, though the audience missed Charlie Good year and George Edwards, who were adver tised to appear. Goodyear was detained at Butte to testify in an examination and Ed wards is not with the show. The first part part of the programme was bright and at. tractive and was rendered with proper en ergy. The overture descriptive of a hunting scene was particularly "catchy." Schilling and Hall held the ends in good style. The voices in the quartette were good and the solos were well selected and well rendered. Symonds, Hughes and young Rastas furn ished the terpsichorean features in a pleas ing manner. The wing dancing of she boy was the best ever seen in Helena. Halt's banjo solos were as usual rendered fault lessly and the musketeers gave a pretty drill. The Arabs gave a really remarkable exhibition of equilibrium. The minstrels will play the remainder of the week at Mink's including a Saturday matinee. A WHITE BLANKET. It Cevers the Ground to the Depth of a Quarter Inch. The barometer at the weather offiloe yes terday said it was going to clear up in twenty-four hours. The weather around these parts yesterday strongly resembled a cold breath from Manitoba, and the keen north wind brought with it enough snow to let people think winter had come in earnest. This is evidently a mistake, and the chances are that the clear cool weather that is expected will be succeeded by the usual spell of fine weather, lasting until Christmas or even later. Sergeant Hobbs said it was due to snow and he so predicted, and for that reason it snowed. It would have been clearly wrong to have put the new bureau of the agricultural de partment to shame by not snowing. In the same way it is due to clear up. The Visit Postponed. Mr. W. J. Fuchs, secretary of the Com mercial club, yesterday received the follow ing telegram from B. D. H. Wheeler, vice president of the Omaha Board of Trade: "Circumstances have occurred here which prevent the visit to your city, as contem plated. Letter by mail explaining all." It was expected that the visitors would arrive in Helena this week. It is probable that the trip will be made later. The Best Drawbar. PHTLADELPHIA, Oct. 1.-The Switchmen's Mutual Aid association has concluded its business. It decided that a committee be appointed to represent the organization be fore the inter-state commerce railway com mission and aid them in their deliberations es to the character of drawbar best adapted for general use. The committee were di rected to recommend a uniform drawbar of the link and pin type. Full of Wrath. New Yoai, Oct. 1.-The Herald's Val paraiso, Chili, special says the papers are filled with bitter comments on the action of the British minister in connection with the shipment of silver by Balmaceda on the British steamer to Montevideo and thence to London. They demand full indemnity to Chili for silver valued at £135,000. This money is now held in the Bank of England. Anti-Silver Resolution. New YORK, Oct. 1.-The following resolu tion was adopted to-day by the chamber of commerce: "Resolved, That in the opinion of the chahmber of commerce of the state of New York, the existing law compelling the purchase by the government of 4.500,000 ounces of silver per month is against the publib welfare and should be repealed." Not Scared. SpoiANE, Wash., Oct. 1.-Army officers here attribute little imports one to the In dian scare in the Pen d'Oreille country. Indian Agent Cole has gone to the scene of reported trouble and Gen, Carlin will do nothing until he nears from Cole. This will not be before Friday or Saturday. Rival Organizations Merged Sr. Louis, Oct. 1.-In accordance with the action agreed upon at the national con vention of the Brotherhood of Telegraphers, that order and the Order of Railway Teleg raphers were last night merged into one, the books, etc., of the brotherhood being turned over to the other. Valicy table covers at The tles live In chenille, Pll-b, silk, linen, tapestry, velvet. crash, etc., at im~eprt prices. Call sad see them. Ad on soother page. Infants' emhrolilerse cashmere cloaks at The Biee hive for $Y.50; worth doable, Old Papers. Old papers for sale at this office at a low price. tirrst dlac oyster parlor, Motor Walting Itoo,,. ,hc ti O erarl 'j e ,rocJire than at ianardy tiimm n iiith city. .icucic'kil gloves in eveinii, sliadls worth $3 are being sold this wveee at, 'Iblis If I'f hisle for *HELIEJ4A JflttJLI ST/T.! Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel. e tena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will. be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro. Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money mcaking city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter. with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to*Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. " Wallace & Thornburgh,. ***.DENVER BUILDINGi*** Broadv'ay and Warren Sts., J-leAena, Montana JACQUEMIN & CO. Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. RANCH OF 2,000 ACMRS Well improved and thoroughly ir rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. (Ming's Opera House 4 J. 0, REMINGTON, MANAEGEIL Three Nights and Baturday Matinee, ::THiRSDAY, OCTOBER 1,: Second Annual Tour of the iteigning 1arorites. GOODyEAR, ELlTGH & SGJ-IILiI IJIq'S MINSTRELS ** and Royal Court First Part. Everything New. Entirely New Programme. New and Magnifioent Costumee. New and Catching Mauas. New and Great Spoolalties. 510,000 in aord a a Draperies for A GRAND COMPANY OF COMEDIANS. sale of seast oe as Wednesday morning at Cope A O'Coaeer adru store. GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of - - - - . . - - Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The particular care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty of designs all guarantee the best value at no higher prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship. - - - - _ _ - Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goods is unexcelled, and we are showing all the. Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. - - - - - We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: - - - - - . ... .. Dr. Yaeger's Sanitary Wool en Syster' Glothir g, Knox World Jenovdned Jlats, Hanan & Sons' Shoes. Send for catalogue of Dr. Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - - - - - -- - - - ist. FLOOR-Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR--Boys' and Children's Suits and Overcoats. 3d. FLOOR--Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR--Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lighten business establishment in the not thwest. GANS & KLEIN,. Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.