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Chitn of the Chinese to th* Di.
oovery of the MagneUi beetdle. Polarity 6f the Needle Known in the Fourth Contury Before Christ. Development of the Compass From the Old Nativity raper--iest Use on Ronem hip. A contributor to the North China Herald, of Shanghi, discusses in a learned article the claim of the Chinese to the discovery of the magnetic needle. He says the Chinese have great tracts of ironstone and of these no small portion is magnetic. Every woman uses a needle, and those of iron supplanted those of stone commonly used before the time of Ch'in Shih-Huang, or about twenty cne censuries ago. When a needle hap pened to be made of magnetic iron, its peculiar properties might have been re vealed by its accidental fall into water, say with a splint of wood attached. It doubt. less came to be known in some such way that needles made of certain kinds of iron were magnetic. The great producing center of magnetic iron is T'sezhou, in southern Chihli. This city was early called the City of Mercy, and the magnetic stone coming from there was known as the stone of T'szohou, and so t'asshih came to be the ordinary name for a magnet. Later the Chinese came to speak of the City of the Magnet, instead of call ing it the City of Mercy. The earliest author who mentions the ".south pointing needle," livedin the fourth century B. C., and there can be no doabt but that the polarity of the, needle was known at that time, though when, where and by whom first discovered is not now known. It was, however, not turned to practical ase until the Tsat dynasty, when landscapes began to be studied by the pro fessors of geomancy. The belief was gen eral then that this needle had magical pow ers. Kwo Pu, the founder of this system of geomanoy, died A. D. 324, and it was not until four centuries later that the peculiar compass used in this art began to assume its present form. The geomancer's compass of the eighth century *as made of hard wood, about one foot wide, and had in its center a small well in which a magnetized needle floated in water. On the compass were inscribed several coneentric circles which em braced the twelve double hours, the ten denary symbols, eight diagrams and other marks. The compass was ased it preparing a geomantio report of any spot where a house or tomb was to be constructed, so that the construction might not be an un lucky site or planned in an unlucky man ner. At the same time there was living a Chinese who had studied Hindoo astrono my, and was the imperial astronomer, and also a Buddhist priest. He noticed that the needle did not point exactly north, and that there was a variation of two degrees and ninety-fve minutes. This variation went on increasing till a century later-that is, till the ninth century. A professor of geomancy then added a new circle to the compass. On this improved compass the first of the twelve hours begins on the new circle at seven and one-half degrees east of north. The eo rpass, it will be observed, grew out of the old astrological report or nativ ity paper, calculated from the position of the stars, and prepared in the Han dynasty by astrologers as the regular part of social life, especially when marriages were about to be solemnized. Some of the old astro nomical circle. are preserved in the new geomentic chart. This, was the compases used when Shenkwa wrote on the south pointing needle in the 11th century. 'This author mentions that any iron needle so quires polarity by rubbing it on a piece of lodestone. He alludes to the variation as a fact which he himself had observed, and speaks of the goathpointing needle as an implement used by the professors of geo mnancy. By them it was employed in the torm of a float unon water. After this, in 1I1, an ambassador to Coren describes the use of the floating needle on board the ship in which he made the voyage. This is the Arst instance, the earliest by more than a esatury, of the use of the mariner's com SAss on board ship, found as yet in any book. native or foreign. The existence of the book in which it is recorded settles the question of the first use of the mariner's compass at sea in favor of the Chinese. At that time the needle floated on water, sup ported on a piece of wood, but in the Ming dynasty some Japanese junks engaged in piracy were captured by the Chinese, and the compass in use on board was found to have the needle dry and raised on a pivot, while still pointing southward. The Japanese had learned from the Portuguese navigators to make a compass of this kind, and probably the needles they used were brought from Europe. From this time the Chinese adopted the principle of a pivot, and made their compasses without a well of water in the middle to float the needle in. Charts were probably used of a very rough kind, but how far is not known. What is known is that the junk master was aware of the direction in which the needle must point to reach the port to which he was going. In the Bung dynasty, embrac ing part of the 10th as well as the 11th, 12th. and part of the 13th centuries, Chi nese junks went to Persia and India. The Arabs trading to China direetly would learn at that time the use of the compass, and would apply it on board their dhows. From them the Europeans learned of this useful invention. The credit of the discovery, both of the polarity of a magnetized needle and its suitability for use by mariners at sea, mast, therefore, according to the writer, be given to the Chinese, says Nature, in commenting on the article. It is China also that has the credit of having first no ticed that any iron needle may be polarized by rabbing it with a magnet. In the 13th centary the Arabs used a floating Compass on their dhows. The needle wos made to float on the water by attaching it croreswise to a cornatiek or splinter of wood. A mag net applied to it drew it into a north and south direction. They would use western notation to rmark the quarters and interme diate points on the horizon. When therefore the mariner's compass was adopted from them, the Chinese twenty-four points were not communicated. In the European com pass the notation of thirty-two points is western, and rests on the winds and the sun. In the Chinese primitive mariner's compass the notation is that of the profes sors of geomaney5 and rests on the old astrological division of the horizon into twelve double hours. From the Arab ac count we learn, what the Chinese accounts do not tell us, thet the Chinese floated the needle by inserting it in a splinter of wood. Are You lnffering From back ache, inflammation of the blad der, Arlek dust deposit or stone in the blad. ,r is fact any derangement of the ys er arinery organs? If thusafflicted dongs less timre and wastemoney on worth. lep liuimerete and worse plasters, but strike at t4h seat of the diserse at once by uisig the greatestaf all k awes remedies, the cel. ebrated Oregon Kidney Ter.. Pirteant to take, purely vegetable. Satisfeetion every time. lIyv~ltiiia. That nightmare of man's existence which makes food a mickery and banishes derp from weary eyes, readily yields to the po tent influence of the celebrated inaliseh Dandelion Tonic. It tones sp the digestive orges, restores the appetite, makes as similation of food possible and invigorates the whole system. All druggists sell it at $1 per bottle. Vi, >StOZ 101t#I5@' ýac N ismeiR0 J ftor t th mi.e e3'.4vertnsgVs All ,D. 8 . Baile x,1d ºl r iIt T ea nioniwneht, C( 1 Davst M a Drown, JHems iogwnr, Wem o Bu lltt ugene B. !larkaJim4 los a Carusr, Jcohn Chipenietý etqos F. Charles, Dr. A. ChEaorie. WaLk Clark, F. H. Clausens, A~uguta Cornes John C. Compton, t , Coex, W1. A. Croaker, Jas, H. Cunningham, C. J. Davis, M. Decatur, Hsury H. Eager, Emerson *Edwards, Dr. F. Bi. Egan, Dr. W. Ls. Fully, W. W. Finney, B. H. Fowler, Dr. Allen Frendenberg, S. Gunnello. Michael Geo. 1-., Box 628 Gerber iEdward F. Glibs, C. S. Glass, ,tohn Griffin. George W. Hall, Clnbb Hall, Noury 1, Hamilton, Adam Hansen, J. B. a Harrison, Joseph Harrington, Wesley t Heap, Samuel D. Heater, Austin Heath, Cyrus H. Hillstead, Thos.O.(2) e Henry, S. E. * Hemmann, Hermann Henton, C. H. a Hilger, William H. Hobbs, Dennis I Holm, Martin Honne. Lon a Howard, Caty Kaufman, Johan Keifert, Edward Keeney, Luther Hehlo, James Kernan. J. J. Kruger, W. H. Kumlin, Richard a Laughlin, U. L. (3) Lewis .& Clarke Liljedahl. John E. Lundeen, Henry Manddin Joseph Matsh, George P. r Mlo hienry Merriman, Patrjek Miller.ddie Morris, Marvin º Montana Invest. Co. Mont. State Lottery Morrell, Geo, T. Murphy, John 1. McCaffrey, John McClare, Samuel MoKay A. H. MeLeod, J. G. MouMeein, J. Neal, O. L. New York Dye WorksNelson, A. G. I Nelson, David Nay, John E. Nilson, G. F. Norton, Henry D. O'Brien, Stephen Offard, Johnney O'Grady, James Patterson, Robert Peet, E. W. Perkins, G. L. Peters, Otto Patterson, O. W. Peterson, John W. Porter, W. G. Rand, John Raynor, J. C. Rector, J. E. Reeves, A. J. Rice, Frank Rieder, John Rideout, Willmot Riklr, K. HRos, Petrs Robertson, Jno. J. i Rodda, G. Soarborough, M. A. Schmitiger, Peter Simington, J. Slater, A. E. Stefani, Pasquino Stein, Robert Stoneberg, Gust. G. Street, Frank Sutidberg, P. Swails, H. F. Swanton, P. J. Sweitzer, H. F. Taylor, George Thoren, C. A. Weinliardt, H. Wenstrom, A. E. Wiedel, E. Worthington, Thos. Wood, C. E. S. Zeirman, J. H. Zindel, C. H. (2ý LADIES' LIST. Argall, Miss Minnie Banpehaup, Miss M. Brewer, Miss Linna ]iokey, Miss Minnie Carter, Mrs. Ellen L. Chambers, Mrs. Win. Conklin, Maud Fichmon, Jessie Flemmiag, Miss - Hall, Mrs. J. (2) Heavner, Mrs. H. M. Hutchison, Miss H. Kleinen, Mrs. A. Lawrence, Estella Lynch, Miss M. J. Miokleson, Miss A. T. Miller, Mrs. H. A. Megn, Mrs. Tilde McCallum, Mrs. P. MoHale, Miss Ella Nugent, Mary J. Petetseeu, Miss Lena Pierce, Mrs. V. Puoill, tdrs. Ellen Robinson, Miss A. S. Reynolds, Mrs. F. B. Rollins, Mise Estella Taylor, Miss Nora (4) Tuttle. Miss Della Strube, Mrs. L. Sweitzer, Mrs. Homer Warner, Mrs. M. E. T. B. CLawEXLL, P. M. For any cuse of nervousness, sleepleossnes, weak etonrarh, indigestion, ,iyspupsia, try r. arter's Little Nerve Pills. itoliuf is sure. 'The only ervemcclicino for thu prico in miar ket. ES ght, A LOVELY WOMAN ovror op of bar, " 1oearan @4e' and b.y oane'es& i Rso1.ast es tmafd oob k, en ad, ig andtyo lr lt o L o re - csm pictor ~em de fnd o a ofee for @sn. GAtarr spprimedyte r non Drkl b aarlly ltno aver , is ne conly tahapei'lt b e r. a terre Gotinanoitt srae' Sa ma basly deaw mbtha' #l ta~ el cnn I arl olve a *ýartHo, ili ig.- fo pll urf Ttler..*t*ioea 1 Fi n Mfdia( ps.... Difc.. etryoit l Tat - - tsso we, a - isator 004e0 dunzto, , lla~e lida kalll allmoata. L llno onaly, eaitf ait. ir4lug roei yoor a Ls usitio fyeoed ifz to lisp yrirs p daz's. a on/ waotes allr th odiy funetou. tIsth ol ier, bloos ad iuti r st asl by dof usia, nils apo. fe gtty NW thtt th1ses e -c pl ek ea willf, do alhe t is rsozm*sastss to, or money paid for It e astae r oLsapl reuat. A seali op plu troblnomuroble eo eld` ren"rtof Catrh Iow thse oea, av. (Jmns nthe t arofriatcor of Dar.e aelua (eorris site oedy. sonl foe cent blol ad pro te i lr the fuifywtns .s f . It ro tine only l eteod - od been rea o o lg that itt admfor G o t et hbe reqatdof oostef oou tded. tTsOCHOrbtl reE0 s ouffered orNNoA Helen, oyee tt,,lt llfep J O that I toN.Secrtaryd ltyesdltl Catarr hs alll the jtfaeddb the on tih t gproiant~or of Dr. il drgloras" Likywe tou.a iovsh o ii enly th folrwasth yol Notie glccdInthueorl Judg tratibl d wihb~eens grnf l or aoy dwo reke tdItwa otou off1lied the rl~orfuoaeneo four4 Y ht thla spr1,rr tSdisrt ook ll a yaýou tare'. fsrrdteo give pyser po delsy; the/ kwatts reourd toy nafsf Mulra fuoloo; aond he pasred pt~tlan swt. Tat ty staldMlf tfhoe of eae at a su kes 1 f~~ y ~~des tCall timel doslt ws S te ut ofelt e c$1 O peerl,. Nitroied w stity betev n ra 1, li ore an ded rnthloetroio of tie clots or Jtar Is eas doan't Ihot proldc loated, I iau ryibit thou rewt ilorcedtoeragyve t eitr, wtta hisofotorsosiha wafter hou l t-at po etisa o fton utaslolt,, iii t cats wuatiouiso t ae. br at tuo law ,,lw of .. ste dsaste. at isue oiy of he the sto aili lit tins fulr itsn6 toogreeetaso of Ithu 1olnere soe d for nit.pe Notie'is hoyt by 25, r byiia501.ige, d mdeniolorator of tr,e si~totoro Jeo'1,. leeesle,d tot'l~lt~lle t cr Mgi oan ltl Nfro--lhaing ANNclam Itao niiogefttto tchoki, itoicir our tl teontis afll thio tirt pubilictiso pion of wlill be held tot e rae of tie hobo~. at ito law oteoi toof J. l. ii elotn . ing thse it of I rstoe far th Pine being0 othe are nei the te-aseeotion ofauothr busaoeeas o Delen,[ Mont, , 179t. Itlt MERC ANTS L Ootohe* 1, 08~l r eeoliets soti ox;i.sa 1O. treoveie'tat to Nor. 5. z~ sit .semi datea will visit Releaaehoh mouta theacofter. The Oldest, Vst Becocieful, sand .O* leliable Baa Nrenolsco Speclalists. Ut eoans and Physiciaas, Who have the majority of Patients under tree meat in San Fraseleoo and on the Paollo Coast for the following diseases, are now in the city. All requiring Export Medical or Sugical Serviosc can be treated by the great Pacils' Coast Doctors, now in Butte City, without; having to visit Ban Francisco. Entrance to Liebig World Dispensary, 8 East Broadway, corner Male Street. 1Drs. Liobig A Ce. ore regular gredatlats in medlicine~s asuargory mads aissll papt ttioaors autherised by the states of MissourlCaelitornasi and Mentana to treat all ehronte, nerveu and private diseases lwh ter ca nosdbyimprunse, moess or coo l oion tmisa weakness, eight lolses. eexprles os sf esaeewerj n etwass i [log ofnarveterse], Boo, ote as oi ture l cerae lYrable adcas anbssa or mIasy refunded. Charges low. te tr a s of cawse cured. All meriiseas ars especially orparsd fe oath individeal caos at laboratory.le, aonjrions or poisonous compounds sled No time loot from businoss. Pati gto 1*t a distaece treated by mail and express. 7edaoies seat pmery re from gaze er break e 1an uiseases Df Ith bloos, In heart s oo nomy one system, as well as liver. kidntey and gravoi complaints. rheumatism, paralysis and all other chronic Aliceasee. Writs for illustrated pasere on Deformitiee, Club Pest. Curvature of the Spie. Piles, Tumors, Ceacer, C atarrh. Bronositis, iaoIlat.ioe, Electric. Blade, ye Iar Ainand Bleed and alidesg cal operatises. Dieeoesw of women a specialty. Book on die oases fren. The only reliable Medical sad Surgical Insti tute making a specialty of private dieeases. All bloodd~iesease suessefully treated. Syphi litic Poisens renmoved frees the eyetem without mercury. Now reetorative treatmenut for lose of Vital Fewer, Poisons unable to visit ae may he treated at haome bdy rorrespondenue. All corn municatioans conlidntial. Medicinss or Iustru mania sent by sail or exprees securely pecked. One personal interview preferred. Call andt ssu eslt as, or ustn histery of your case eand we will seed ia plain wrapper our book free explaltnen why thosesands cannot he cured ef i'rivats, Spe cial and Nerveous tiseeaosn, Seminal Weaknese, Spermatoirma. impotency, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, Gluat. yaricolsiss etc. Drs. Lishig A; cs. are the only qualfiesd or ro sposeiblal spascialiets left in Mtontana since the now medical law. Office hour. frem9tots~and 7to t p. mn.;or by Agency fsr Dr. Liebig's Invigorator at Room. 1. East Broadway. Butte. -HELENA 4EIICAL AND SURGICAL INSTITUTE 847.-49,-51,-63, N. Ewing St.. HELENA, MONTANA. DISEASES OF WOMEN A SPECIALTY. Also teparate departments for all Chroni die Ottree of th sexes. Patisata ha. all i. facili Lit Qf a es-iptal sad yet enjoy the esetforts auAkm ha-ike rarregadisg. of a 'wd-ell qip ýed Vh tcU tanoe s a t ptstty, Tuekinsh, X ioal otrio Baths, perfoet Dr. 0. H. DOGGE, Propr., Helena. Mont. ORE FORTY YEARS 3M. WaE. HALL'S BALSAM FOR TEE LUHGS AIe S "Of f I LA *RIWP3 ,' a.Um lr T .&j $ Kites P ?E 0W A~.'?7 SR ENFLy EEZS ,A.V 1* coa O ali tONHCE - BP 1 V!atY, PVA! TEE sIrTI. N* ItEA*tV S?1TING O 0 ELOO, and all diseases of the TRIOAT, CREST and LUNGS --Leading to CONSUMPTION. DR. WE. HALL'S BALSAtI contains no opiul, morph ALe, nor spy delerleua drug. IO soothea and heaats the Membrane of the Lunge, inSlamd bty. peiascen by diseeC., and prevent. Right sweats ai a tightness cors the ghost, It s pieaaaGet to taste Be ure and -a for D. WM1. UALL'Ii 3AIL Ak., and take no other. Traser eRplwed by f. M. Parches t Co.. PRICE a 5e., S Ox., $1.00. DIu.utW WatALL CO., NEW YORK. Sold by H. H. Parch,. & Co., Helena, Mont, THE GREAT NORITERN Railw'ay Line. I Great Northern Railway, I EasernRaiwayofMinnesota, Wismr ad SouxFalls Railway, Duluh, Wtertwn &Pacific fly, STHE GREAT TIIR0UIGH SYSTEM! A selid through train of Sleopers, Dininl Car. Day Coaches and Free Colonial Sleepers to Ieinaeapelia, St. Pont, Du luth, West Superior and flour City. Clore connections for Chrcsgu, New York, Roston and all Eastern Cities. Until further notice Trains will run av follows tActvc J ALL TRAINS DAILY DEPAZL 11:00 a. m . Atlanti Exprees.s. 111:10 a. ir . 2:40 p. m I o . Prpt.t ExrcaEN... 6:45 p. on. 6:0 . u. _ sinus h1 Rai L.,eal 8:401 a. m. Sitleopiac car hewths, tickets. time, tables etc., at Mep..t sod City Ticket Office. Ito. 8. ~Nerth main Street. C. 01.f k'zv a, City Tieket Agent. it. I1L xLANG (LE.tP. &T. AgI.K. C. Wy. AE .titCi iiti l ýln; !U111 AREi INVITED for the c,onstr:.'ti,, of to CwUoCode appuroac, to, the asol, eot of tie cow br ll,;o ccroc.s tie roeth fark of l une ricer moar P.u 0:u du;its: for con atructito en ea~btoot,:eut ci fileto :1CcPlat,, to procent. t1.0 river I "om changing it-: channcit, so 1,,i~yt pines iced :te"ltioiti:,ne on tile tn thisoledie a, and t.' sin a Io p ni utile, at Aucoustis, Side to hto adudruesse to il:, nle:.iegln, d; to he re ceived until 12, I:oun, I, liiol. r I,10,1 ltit:I tyt re. served to iejrcit roty ("all ite Sty order of tiet t.:ofntp .j1. t'tt:t)llfIr1 Ifelena, Macit.. tary. 17. 19. I~uunty CtarkI. LTiroK Ri~t,Dlib;l', i.1l.17l1'N 'I I lI~tANNU1Al. mtoeting rit tv 'Ii.rltiiciur,ir of tie hfour bou~in e e ,ioactino, 4l lt,' Epic ii, l.oo'lico of thoetIeo.s 1,l.viuiero~.. Oiii::llincl. lieulvd::tn aenepacy. tieleas, gleat.. o.ý TEesday. Out. ii. 1R5l, at three o,'clock P. mn, for the turneer of olectin hoar a hnr c troreri- fer tthe onvetec year, and the transaction of suct o~hor illoicees so ay properly seine beotel itit. Heea 0ot. C. It. ALeLEN, Secretary. Heea SMn. ept. 2D, l0i1. NrI1IWPMi Setw . souI Garrison, H lin., Butte 'Cit Rbxaman, LlvingstOna Billingsl _ Miles City,, and Glendlve And all points EAST ard WEST. There is nothing better thanthe sorvice en The Dining Car Line. Through Pullman Bleoping Care and Furniehed Tourist. &)lceper Daily between points in MONTANA and ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS & CICAGO. Pacifo Coast Tratas Passing through Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana. Idaho, Oregon and Washington, carry complete equipment. of RULLMAN PALACE SLEEPING CARS. FIRST & SECOND CLASS COACHES PULLMAN TOURISTS AND FREE COLONIAL SLEEPERS ,& ELEGANT DINING CARS. THROUGH TICKETS are sold at ael coupon ocees of the Itorthern Pacifc R. R. to points North, East. South and West ia the United States and Canada. TIME SCHEDULU. In effect on and after September 10,1891. TRAINS ARIIVY AT WEULUIA. We1 ~ a e1 weto nd . 1:81 p.ma N4. 5, Loga sd H elena Passenger. coonsof at Logan with train Ito. Lalo Prose we a~nd ....... r No. 8, His and at prcess l2:20 p, m Sa. 5, viiis passengr .......11:10'a en No. 10 . co Iq e n.. 6:80 p. a N4. 101, 10k eq1zir, Eondaye, Wed. N:.0a.ke an r .......... 5:00 V. m passenger.............................10:35. am TRAINS DEPART FROM RELUNA. No.1, Facle a west bound.h 1:5 . m No. 2, Atlantia Mr . . east bound... :80p. m No., S. 1 lena Mid Lotn passenger. connecting with train rt. 4 at Logan. Atlantic expCrese, c at bound. 4:40 p No. 5, MiEaonl and GUtie Express..... 7:10 a. m No., aryili passenger . :4.. m. :o a N.9 vlaaceopemodation.5... :10 p am No.1b1 Riinimiel, Mondays, Wed nead a nd ridas ............ .8:11 a. m5 Passenger.........................58:10 p. m For rats., maps, tnime tabiss or opeoilsitnfor matlon, apply to any agent of the N orthsern Pa clllR.Roro - CHAS. 5. FEE, A. IS. EDGAR. Genul Pass. A T. AgL. General Ageant, ST. PAUL MiRN Cor. M(ajn & Grsnd ste., Helens. kfont. TO CHICAGO IN LESS THAN 14 HOURS -via tuh- NORTAHESTERN LINE C. ST. P. If. & 0. Ry. C, & N.-W. ty. The Shortest and Best Line From St. Paul to Chicago, Sioux City and Omaha. The only line running all its Passenger Trains in less than 14 hours betwssn at Pawl and Chi cago, and while this time is quick, trains do net have to run at as high rate of sle?4 to make their time as en other lines, because thbs line is shorter than any sthsr line. The Pullman and Wagner * esstbalsd Limit ed,'. leaving Olt. Paul at 7:58 P. M., makes the trip to Chicago In 114 hours. returning in 15 hours and he mienstes. The Daylight Express." leaving St. Pant at 7:45 A. hi.. nia}cos the trip to Chicago in lit hours and tO minutes, returning i 1i hours and 45, minutes. Thieds is the only line by which onunection. are assore in Chicago witb all inst line trains from Chic go to lbs east and south in the mrning and at night. Close connrel ions are mode at St. Paul with Northern Pacific and Gireat Northernutrains. For rates, maps, soldersr eta, ap pl to General W. T TIADALB, GnrlPasseniger Agent. St. Paul, Mine. llEALTll IS 1!EALTII .Dr. . C. West's Nferve and Brain Treatment. a giarntosed srpecifo for Hysteria. Dit ase. arnvuleus. Fits n Ner-rus esrpigia, Headache Nervosa Prostration raised by the use of alcohos or tebacce. Wakefulness. Metal Depeso SofItening of the brain, resulting in pfiety saor leading to misery. decay and eatkinmture Old Age. Biaenness, Less of Pewer in either so I rnvolantray Losses sad SteraOstorrhua cans by ever-exrtlon ef the bran selt-abuse or over indulgence. Each box contains a month'. treat meat. 51.110 a box, or six bones for $5.00 semit by mail prepnid en receipt of price. WyE GUARANTEE SIX BOTTLES To cure any ease. With each order received by us for siz boxes. accoispasied by $5.00. we will send the purchaser our written guarantee to re. fund the money if the treatment dews net effect a sure. Guarantees leoiied sonly ýbyy H. M. Parchesn & Co., druggists. sole sgente, Helena, Mont. $500 REWARD. We will pay the ab1ve reward for any se of Liver Complaint. Dh spepsia, Sick Headache. In. digestion. Constipation ar Oosllveynee we cannot curs with West's Vegstable Liver Pills, when the directions are strictly complied with they are purely Vegeisbisanud never fail to give ealisfac ties. Sugar coated. large boxes, reataining A t0 Pills., 25 seats. Beware sf counterfeit.s ad Imitations. '!i'h genuine manulfactured onlyY by Tan J0HN. C. Weav ComwAxy, Chicago, ill. Soldt by H. B. Paruhen & Co., druggists,_Helena. r TN THNDISTRICT COURT OP THE STATE Of -oflstannsin and for the county of Lewie a and Clarke. In the matter of the esinte of Nector S. Nor. ton, deceased. Order to show cause why order of sale of real es tate should net he insoe. F'. W. Ellis, te administrator of the estate of Heeter I. Rorton, dHoased, having tiled his pe titionherein praying for an order oitsal of theL personal and nil lthe real estate. hf said decedent., for the purposes tioroto set forth. it Is therstoro ordered by the judge of 'aaid court, that all peresen interested in this estate of sal4>} deceived, oppoea betere the said district - eoidrt on Wedonsetiy. the 11th day of September, 151tH. aIlt 10ut-lock in ths Icreneca of said day, at thes cocct roo,.. o! said dilstrict ceact, at the cosrt house in lthe raid coenty of Lewis and Clarke. to ahow .sues why on order should net be granted to thissaid P. W. Elite. as adnisnistra tar to sell the real estate of the said deceased which shill hbs necessary. An ht oyofthis so-dot- be published at leat o" amee fo frsoicreessive wseke in Tbe Helena Daily lsdeseiOent, a newep.per printed and published in said coonty ef Lewis sand Clarke. HOIIACH A. BUCK. Dated August 11. 1111. Judge. A.I0T * ----Dealer In MARBbE Is. GRANITE f c r MONUMENTS Headstones. a " iCLXOA. - - Mont 1. TL. SMITH, a J*Freight aid Transfer I~l giZLUMA, MONTANA. All kinde of inecehandlso and other freight.: Ieluding ares, preimpily transferred froni the a apet. Orders will receive prompt attention. lfman-At J. Flfelsleg's Stoic and at the Depse.. GAIL, B MLLER &UNZIGKE a *2h91dsez'u oa Gen.ez'al- - *MININC AND MILLING MACHINERY, Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelting and Concentrating Plants, Hoisting and Pumping Works, Cars, Cages, Skips, Ore tuck eta and Water Buckets, Self-Oiling Car Wheels, Corlies Engines, Compound and Condensing En gines and Tramways. -:SOLE AGENTS FOR THE WORTHINGTON PUMPS Western Representative, Office and Works, * MENNO UNZICKER, Hawthorne Ave. and Willow St., No. 4 North Main St.. Helena. CHICAGO, ILL P iffrCalls, Slain8, Lace ad l ol 01 1 Unlessa Wel Paper OFFICE & 80HOOL A T' Furnitur Nos. 112 and 114, 1 A fl,SANFO , * Broadway, Helena PROFESSIONAL CARDS. R G. DAVIES, Attorney at Law. 1oam 5, Ashby Black, Helena, Mont. R. F. C. LAWYER, Physician and Surgeon. SPEwALTrus-Eye, Ear and Throat. Ofice: 100). Broadway. CARPENTER & CAVANAUGH. (D. B. Carpenter, M. J. Cavanaugh.) Attorneys at Law. Rooms 9 and 10, Bailey Block. DRU. B. HARRIS. Office Holter Bleek. Residence 821 8th ave. ASBURN K. BABSOUR, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Masonic Temple, Helena, Mont. 4ASSENA BILLARD. Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Will practice in all courts of record in the state. Oi1.. in Gold Bllck, Helena, Mont. SIZE1R & KEERL, Civil and Mining Engineers. U. S. Deputy Mineral Sarveyors. Mineral pat Intl icured, Rtooms 12-18, Atlas Building, Rel. R. M. ROCKMAN, Physician, Surgeon, Accoocher, Ocullet, Aurist. Member of San Francisco Medical Society, O n? Nevada State Mediral Society. Office on amin street. over Steinrmets Jewelry Bltre MINNEAPOLIS ANDST. LOUIS RT. " *AND THE* . Famous AIbeLea Route. 2 Through Trains Daily From St. Paul and Minneapolis TO CHICAGO. Withoat changefoncigwt h Fast Trains aoalLne a h EAST and SOUTHEAST The direct and only line running Through Care between MINNEAPOLIS AND DES MQINES, IOWA, via Albert Lea and Fort Dodge, Solid through Trains between MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. LOUIS and the principalcities of the Missiasippi and contering in Union Depots for all points Sooth and Southwest. Many hours saved, and the only lice running two trains daily to lanses City,h Lavenworth. Atchison, making ceonnsotion wit the Union 1Io rlifl ansi Atchison, To peka A Santa Fe ralwayts. Close cenasotions made In Union Depot with all trains of the S~t. Patui, Mianseapois & Manitoba, Northern Pacifa, Si. Panl A Duluth railways. from and to all points North and Northwest. -REMhMBEII -- The trains of the Micneapolis & St. Louis Rail ways are composed of ocifortable Day Coaches, magnificent Pullman Sleeping Care, Horton Rte shining (Thair Cars, and our justly e~lebrate i -PALACE DINING CARS. FREE ! FREE ! 1180 lb.. of Baggagss checked free. Fare always es low se the lowest. For time tables, through tickets etc., call upon the nearest ticket agent or writs to C. H. PRlATT, General Passengerand Ticket Ag., Minneapolis. Second Floor Hlerald Bildinl, BLANK BOOKS 4 Tb Order +e BOOKS NEATLY RULED and PRIMTEI. NOTIC(E--NOTIC IS 1HEREBY GIVEN THIAT the hoard of World's Fair Man agrs for the slate or hlouts um will recei ve con. sf rtilvn designs fur a building for cthe Mtats otf Montana at the World s folumbian Exposition and will pay thoresor a price of tou hundred (to20) dollars, for the design selected, and sone hundred 151011) doilars for the start host, in point of e~xcellence, thte question of selection anl rejectiont to be tie cidedhby the commicttee on hitildliugeand groculds at the meeting of its u,~d board to ho held at lisioen, Mont., Nov.., 181, Designs soulsd eo drawn to 0epeigth (iii) Inch scale, fisnishted with ten in ink and be forea tbuilding ito oast. tnot mtorn thtan fifteen thtousand (Sir, 1000) dollars comtpletedi (In vita's or in part of hiontane material) audto rentals a raception hail, foutr parlors. two stltoes, sod a hall for then Hipayo ontatma prcdutcts. 'Itie around to he oo~upiyd is soveaty-five (711) feet In widthL and two hunedced (085) feet long. The architect whose design is selected will re rcisc regnlar fees for plans, specifications and letait drawing~s.to. .taay Antlrrae atl commnmiecationsto.O.lasy sacretary, aistens, Mont.WM.IC OD Executive Volaoner.. SUMMONS-I d HE uIRIC~T COURT OP the irs Judcia disricofthe. state of Montana. in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. Id. M. Brandeoae an4 E. N. Brandegee part. ners l tWtdoind and ar ero dol ani t inan tm busrnets under the firm name ad style oo Brandegee Bies , pt-no tidee, vs William L . 6beel, saeetor of the last will and testament of hry Ain Rtoert, de ceased, HLartha 'Taylor Feckert Schwabe. lied A. hchwao., Henry (tebnerdt and Edward Wagitoer defendonts-Ameaded summons. The state of Montana sends gcrdetinrtothe above named defendants. You are hereby oc lrod to appear in an action brongst against youry the above named plaintlif in the stitrict court of the kirkt undiciat district of the state of Montana, in and for the oeunty of Lawis and Clarke, and to answer the complaint filed therein, within ten days (exclusive of the day of service) after the service on you of this summon i served within this county; or. if served out of this county, but within. this district. within twenty days; otherwiso within forty days, or Judgment by default wilt be taken arainstyos. accordin to the prayer of said complatnt. The seuh actione a brought to obtain a de cree of tids court ferthe foreclosere of two sce tain mortgages described in the said complaint and executed by the said William 1. Steele se the oeecutor of the last wilt and testament of Mary Ann Eckert. deceased, Martha" Taylor lf ckprt Schwahe and Fred A, Schwabs, on the listda of August, 1889, the property embraced in anc affected by said mortgages ceing all these certain lots, pieces or parcels of land situaie, lying and being in the lownaito of the city of Helena, ide chs counety of Lewis and Clarke, then territory', new state of Montana, bounded and particulary described as follows, to-wit: Lets numbered one, two, four, fourteen and fifteen, in block number coven; lot nunmber two in block number twenty-six, and let number four in block nun; ber twenty-seven; as said lots and blocks are numberesd, deesiuated and desrribed on the platt of saisd towneite on file in the office of the county recorder of said county of Lewis and Clarke. Sid iots numAbered one and two, in bleck num ber seven, having, subsequent to the execution of said mortgages, been released from the lien of said mertgagee by the plaintiffs. Eacsh of said mortgagee having besn made to secure the pay ment of a certain prouuiasory note dated Aug. 21, 1889, made by said William L. ýltesle as such executor, and Martha Taylor Eckert klchwabe and Fredi A. Scohwabe each of said motes being for the sum of three thousand dellere, and each being payable in gold, or its sequivalent, on the hlat day of Annat, 1892, to the oeder of said H: M. aud H. N. Ileandegeo, with inteteset thesesin at the rate of ten per cent. per annums. interest pay able seuui-anncualy, and each of said mortgages provided thsat in easee of defanlt in the payment of interestas in ouch note and mortgage pro vided, the whole of the }principal and interest should become, at the option of the mortgsgeee, payable whsother the cams should at toch tsme ho by the terms thereof due and payable or not; and default having been made in the payment of the lntecset of said notes and each of them, and said nostee and each of them having become by reason of such default payable, aned the amount due upon esaid noiese and mortgagee in tse aggregate at the time of the commencement of this action being tbs sum of six thonoand dollars principal, together with interest thereon at the rats of ten per cent per anneim ftom the 2ist day of August, 18i0, and the esu of slxty-five dollars paid for insurance as authorized by said moetgagee to gether with interest on the sum of eixty-Svc dot eas at thes rate of ten per cent. peor annum from the 15th hay of January, 1891; that the psremises conveyed by said mortgages may be sold, save and except said lots nombered one and two, in block number seven, orb as aforesaid released from the lien of said mssrteagee,and Ithe proceeds of the sae thereof applied to the psymeest of said mortgages and "promisaory notes, with interest thereon at the rate of ten psr cent. per annumn as aforesaid, and five hundred dollars counnei fees and costs of soil. And In case such pro ceeds are net sufficient to pay the same, then to obtain execution against said de-fendante, Martha Tayler Ecakert Schwabe, Fred A. Stchwahe, and the estate of the said Mary Ann IEckert, do' ceased, for thse balance remaining due; end also that the said defendants, and all persons claism leg by. threugh or untlor them or either of them, nsay be barred and foreclosed of all right, claim. lien, equity of redemption end interoetin end to said mortgaged psremisees, save end xoceelse re leased as aforceaid; and also that any and all claims of the said defendants. Henry Isiebisarsit sand Edward Wagnser. in and to said, premiees, if any claims they have, be ad 'edged and decreed to be subsequent and cuberdlteats to the lien of said mertgages; curl for general relief. And you are hereby nottfied that if you fail to appear and answer the acid comiplaint, as above requeired. the said plaintiff will apply to the court fssr the rolief deman;ded In said complaint. Given nuder my hand and tuc seal of the dis trict court of the .biret Isidicial dietrict of the s'ats of Noatana. in and for the cihnty of Lewis and h:arks, this twelfth day of September. in the year of our Lord', one thousand eigtuthundredl and ninety-one. Wea] y H. R. Tontroreao Deputy Clerk, MAOSearA BuLLORD. Attorney foe Plaintiff. THE CHICAGO,, __ IMILWAUKEE & ST. PAUL R'Y.= Is the Fast Mail Short Line from St. Paul and Minneapolis via La Grose and Milwan kee to Chicago and all points in the East ern States and Canada. It is the only line under one management between St. Paul and Chicago, and it is the Finest Equipped Railway in the Northwe at. It is the only line running Pullman Drawing-room Sleep. ing care with luxurious smoking-rooms, and the finest dining-cars in the world, via the famous "River Bank Route." along the shores of Lake Pepin and the beautiful Mississippi river to Milwaukee and Chica. go. Its trains connect with those of the Northern lines in the Grand Union depot at St. Paul. No change of care of any class between ft. Paul and Chicago. For through tickets, time tables, and full Information, apply to any coupon ticket agent in the northwest.