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oge i o r u i [inen e n ss e der by ndo ree preots ... 8 . 0b:i dnne betireo a . w. : :oationas apeot areta. mbl a. Tanas or vnaomaaItox. Daily [including Sandayl per yet......... $10 00 Daily inolading BSunday] asi months...... 00 Daily (including Sunday] three months.... 3 50 Daily lexoluding SBnnday per year........ 000 Daily [eucluding Sunday] per month...... 7 Sund.y only [in advance] per year......... 2 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year........ 3 00 Daily by carrier, per week. Lseven issueal.. . HELENA. MONT., OCT. 3. 1891. &W11 ontanians abroad will always fld Tre DAInT INDzsePixl "Irt on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York: West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, San Francisco: McDermott, Bltte; Lela. d Motel. Springfield. Ill. ONE IUNDRED MILES OF FOWER. If there is anybody who doubts whether electric power could be success fully transmitted from the Missouri river to Helena he will no longer be skeptical after reading of the practical demonstration that recently has been made at the great electrical exhibition in Frankfort, Germany. A correspondent of the New York Tribune, writing from that city, gives full details of the sue cessful attempt to convey the water power of the Neckar river at Lauffen, in WVurtemberg, over a wire to Frankfort, a distance of more than one hundred miles, and its successful utilization in the latter city. By way of comparison, he says, it is as if one had proposed to gather power from the Hudson river at Albany, transmit it by telegraph to New York and there set it to running ma chinery, making a turbine wheel at Albany run an engine in New York with only a telegraph wire connecting them. Yet that is practically what is being done at the Frankfort exhibition before the assembled electricians and mechani cal engineers of the world, who with one accord declare the experiment an un doubted success, the beginning of a new era in mechanical science. The motive power is supplied by a system of turbine wheels placed in the Neckar river, or in a raceway at theside of the river. They have a head of water of twelve or thir teen feet, which furnishes about 1,600 horse power of which only 9000 horse power is used. A turbine, having 300 horse power, making thirty revolutions in a minute, drives an electric dynamo at the rate of 150 revolutions a minute, and thus generates the power that is transmitted to Frankfort. 'The trans mission of the power and its reception at Frankfort are thus described: From the dynamo the current is conveyed by means of two brass wire ropes to the transforming machine, passing on the way through a switch-board and automatic pow er-regulator. The transformer, for perfect insulation, is placed in a tank of oil. It has a capacity of 200kilowatts. and it trans forms the compound low-pressure current, having a force of 15,000 volts at twelve or thirteen ampere. And this is the current 1 that is sent forth on the 100-mile journey to Frankfort. It traverses this distance by 1 way of three copper wires, each about four millimetres in thickness. These wires are not covered with any insulating sheath or coating, but are entirely bare. They are carried across the country like ordinary telegraph wires in America, strung along on poles twenty-five feet high and 125 feet t apart. The insulators by which the wires i are fastened to the poles are, however, of a v special kind. They are made of porcelain, c in the usual manner. But on the surface of such insulators moisture is apt to be condensed, thus greatly impairing their effioiency. To prevent this, each insulator v is providec with three troughs filled with oil, and thus no fraction of its usefulness is lost. U Thus the potent and mysterious fluid is a conveyed from Lauffen to Frankfort. Here b it is received by an oil transformer like that at Lauffen, and is turned into a low pressure current again, of about 100 volts. Then part of it goes to the electric lighting 0 apparatus, and furnishes the current for 0 1,200 incandescent lamps. The rest of it d goes to three motors and there takes the b form of mechanical energy. The largest of e: the three motors drivers a huge centrifugal ir pump, which supplies the stream for a wa- n terfall, some thirty odd feet high. The first question every practical man will ask is, what is the percentage of loss in transmitting this power one hundred a miles? Not quite twenty-live per cent. tj For every one hundred horse power of tI energy sent out from the works of Lauf- o fen, seventy-five horse power is deliv- g ered in Frankfort one hundred miles a away. This result has been attained e not once merely, but steadily for more t than two weeks, under the constant k working of the machinery. This is the a 'greatest triumph of electrical skill that iE has yet been achieved and it means a revolution in industrial conditions. It means the building up of manufacturing w industries at points scores of miles dis- o tant from water power and it means for c, inland centers like leolena, especially, I possibilities greater than the most sun- ti guine have dreamed of. b JOHN'S GRtEAT JtlDING ACT. d Honest John Wanamaker has been '.confronted with a serious difliculty, and it is connected with the Roason of the year. For different people different sea- T Iions have different meanings, bring dif ferent tidings. To hlonostJohn himself, the springtide is a season of great re- " joicing. Then spreadeth hIe himself over as mis bargain counter, sellth hle llis winter A foods at a tre-men-dous sarilice, an d Nelcometh his buyers from beyond the I1 mea. McKinley and protection for ye nmerican industries are very good thinge ei n themselves. John Wanuamaker will ,t ay his pious hand on his piollus heait and nake affidavit of that ,ame. iBuit when I he Ohio man is not on niardl, honest fr ohn putteth his tongue in that side of lis cheek whic:h is rommote frn.m the realm eo tl McKiuloy, and with a chrlickllo that is ma pm oS altogether saintly maIid thLt sivoreth Er ot of thie Sunday school, hie will admit, cc mith a well-knowni E.glish writer, that 'u hbey don't know everything down in Ju- d dee. Dame n tumor even asserts that lo mohn line been seen to wink jooosely, as iL warehouses swallowed up the foreign gi - ma J . 'jut in the great of b Sh 1aia l thire is. a eternal compn aatlbau sprlng. Hoe that sreelveth his good thbnpgi ust likewleO toemiv hi *evil thigse. TM tiaulyilluaed Itdlait qI .tm-dy maybe thU; aollege pr otq stat bigheiat resppearin on this e ilp r. the millionalre of the present .i l: - some future timhe Wear overalle 'aid in= joy the luxury of a clean shlrt but once a week. So the theosophits a eert and so Jdhn Wanamaker begins to believe. The pleasures of his springtime are bal anoed by the troubles of his fall. John's a pleasures and sorrows all come between the opening and the fading of the leaf. To the Montanian, the fall is one glad elysium of glorious days and pleasant nights, with kaleidoscopic visions of hunting and fishing shot here and there in the woof of his existence. To the re publican faithful, it is a sad and sorry time. It is the bleeding season. When we speak of the fall as a sanguinary epoch in the life of republicans, we would not be misunderstood. It is not to be inferred that the red corpusoes are being drained from the veins of the members of the grand old party. That they might submit to, it the operation were conducted within reasonable lim its. The center of disturbance is in the pocket, and the blood-letters are of their own house and their own faith. Sad, yet true. The eleemosynary hat is passing around for the benefit of McKinley to the obligato accompaniment of "The Campbells are Coming." Ohio ,depart mont clerks are being forced to hand over some of their hard-earned money for the benefit of the great high priest of protection. Pennsylvania postoffice employes-and this is where the knife reaches John's vitals-are being requisi tioned for campaign funds. They do not like it. Worse than that, the de mand is in direct violation of the wise I provisions of a law that vas placed upon our statute books by the Cleveland ad ministration. What shall a Sunday-school and post office superintendent do in such dire ex tremity? He may not cast reproach upon the congregation by violating the law of the land. He may not, worse still, allow the unoircumsized Philistines of democracy to triumph, and triumph o they will, if the boodle be not forthcom ing. It is easy to comprehend that for John Wanamaker this has been a troub- e lous time, a time of hesitation and heart e weariness. But the heart-searchings of the Sunday school superintendent have solved the difficulties of the postoffioe , boss. Now John exulteth. With the tl great psalmist of Israel he is ready to h cry that with the help of the Lord he o has jumped over a wall. He has offered ti to send his personal check for the whole Ii amount required from his department of the public service. The boodle is C sure and the law is intact. Think what a wall it was, think how neatly he has $ cleared it, and scorn not the opportuni ties of a Sunday school superintend MINNEAPoL.ts is making a strong ans determined effort to secure the holding of the republican national convention ii that city, and it looks, as though she might get the prize for the republioai leaders are greatly concerned about the electoral vote of Minnesota and the northwest. Thus far the citizens have subscribed $13,000 toward defraying thi expenses of the convention. An efforl will be made to increase the subscrip. to $100,000. Helena does not propose tc interfere with this arrangement. She would be glad to see her sister city sun ceed. For herself she will be content with securing the democratic conven tion next year. And a royal time we will give the delegates. Liberati and the great band he is gathering in Eu rope will be here at that time and the musical festival will be under way; and after the convention is done with its la bors the delegates will be taken on a grand excursion through the Yellow stone National park as the guests of our citizens. We do not want to discourage our Minneapolis friends, but the presi dential ticket nominated in Helena will be elected. No set of men under the exhilaration of our glorious ether, and inspired by the grand scenery of the eter nal Rockies, could fail to rise to the su preme occasion. THaE preacher who wrote the letter of sympathy to Deacon S. V. White, when that eminent Wall street operator failed the other day, must have a curious idea of things. Why a man who comes to grief from failing to corner the grain market, and loses $3,000,000, is any more entitled to commiseration than a man who drops his money on a game of po ker or a horse race, it is difficult for the average layman to discover. But such is human nature, oven in clergymen. TnH Butte Inter Mountain is greatly worried because the Massachusettsdem ocrats declared flatly against the free coinage of silver. It evidently fears that luine anrid Harrison, who have taken their stand on the same platform, will be crowded. It need not be apprehensive. There is only a small handful of such democrats. BOTHl LOSING MONEY. The Anaconda Owners and the Montana Union Railway. CrcAno, Oct. 2.-Mr. Marcus Daly, who enjoys the sobriiqut of "The Copper King," and who is one of the owners of the famous Anaconda copper mine, was at the Audi torium yesterday. "No matter how many dispatches have appeared in the papOrs about the reopening of the Anaconda min.e, you can say her me there is no truth what ever in the report," said Mr. Daly. "The status of the matter is prociselyv the uamue an it was two months ago. AIr. liaggin consider.d that the Montana Union railroad was charging exorbitant fright rates, and so he shut down the mine and had survove made for a road of hli own from Anlceonda to the mrine. 'I'hose surveys are still going on, and work on the railroad will soon begin. 'there has been no comnpromlise with the Montana Union so far i.e I know, nor is thelro likely to be any compromi!ie. You can also contradict for nee the story which has been circulated that the lwino was closed on account of ovarro, duction. '[hat is all nonsense. We are losing money anid the railroad is losing money on accoont of the fight, and the mine was only closed for the reason 1 have given." g at thte apiroehtmg ýi$ " #e n rqttretnaitt. bt aveterne It pad l un them ' ierment in ap pr ents hm oad e bed of Impeltilo ad fad which It v difficult to fumwiate. Knowilas-hat have this law in their favor ice in army and navy are constantly going n on the retired list with a view to searing pisces in the departments here or with oue toms or interal revenue officers, or in the consular or diplomatio service, and they have succeeded and are sueceeding re markably well. The public service is be inn gradually occupied by men who ouht either to be at to be at their posts in the army or nay a or simply serving on the retired list. The idea of a retired list is to care for those who have in any way beosome disabled in the line of duty. JIt, wis never contemplated as a sinecure or "soft snap" for designing men. The oper ation of this custom of getting upon the re tired list degrades the honorable ser vice of the army and navy, and makes it mipossible in many instances for deserving men, soldiers, to get appoint ments. It has been found that in a great many instances graduates of West Point or Annapolis have gone out on the frontier or to sea simply to make a record in the ser vice with the sole idea in view of applying for retirement at an early day, affecting disability, and that many of them work up credentials and recommendations to assist them in securing appointments in the civil service before they get upon the retired list. A general bill is to be introduced in eon gress covering these points, so as to make it impossible for a fraud to be practiced upon the retired list of the army and which will keep men out of 'the civil employment of the government till a given number of years have elapsed after going upon the re tired list. Some of them have shown vulgar haste to get into the civil service of the government after being placed upon the retired list. This question was agitated to a degree in the last congress, but, being a delicate subject, was not probed. One way around this fraud has been suggested, and that is to place the pension bureau under thq control of the war department, and when a man applies for retirement and it is found that he is not mush disabled, assign him as a clerk in the pension bureau. Then all of the men who are now clerks under the civil service and are drawing a salary on the retired list could be assigned to the pension bureau and their appointments un der the civil government cancelled. There is only one thing in the way of the transfer of the pension business to o the war depart meht and that is tue fact that nearly all of the work would be done by men on the re tired list and the active list and there would be an army of clerks thrown out of employment. surveying the later-Continental ..alway. WkSINGoroN, Oct. 2.-Commissioners ap pointed to represent the United States on he inter-continental railway commission iave submitted a report to Secretary Blaine f the progress made by the surveying par les in South and Central America on the ine proposed. The sum of $74,000 was Spent up to Aug. 1, 1891, there being a bal. inee of $64,000 for carrying on the work. Dhili and Columbia have paid their quota o the common fund. In Ecuador the sur ey indicates a cost for the road of about +32,000 per mile. THE FROZEN NORTH. Return of Government Offiioals aiWn Alaska. SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 2.-The revenuer it ter Rush arrived from Bering sea to-day bringing Special Agent Brown from the seal islands, Dr. Jaokson, government ed ucational agent, and the McGrath party which had been two years in upper Alask, surveying the United States boundary line Dr. Jackson reports that the government schools had a prosperous year. The in. troduction of Siberian reindeer intc Alaska promises to be succeseful, All British war vessels have left Bering sea, and the United States steamers Mohican and Thetis will leave in a shori time. The Bear will remain until Decem ber. A large number of sailing vessels were warned during the season. Mr. Moc Grath, of the boundary commission, re ports that all was accomplished that was expected. The camp of the McGrath party, which was established Aug. 19, 1889, was named Camp Davidson. It was on the Yukon river, about 1,200 miles from its mouth and exactly on the Alaskai: boun dary. There the exploring scientists made their headquarters until June 26 last. McGrath says the territory north of the camp is absolutely ,n impenetrable wilderness. During the winter of 1890 provisions ran very low at the camp, the supply steamer having been wreaked. McGrath pays high tribute to iteCCarthy and French, two of his men, who went that winter 600 miles down the Yukon no itevens' place and in February started io return. The cold was intense. They forced their way along the frozen river, the iourney taking seventy days, and finally reached camp with provisions. They had 0o cut off their boot legs to feed the dogs irawing sledges and had suffered great privation. The Scoundrelly Bankers. CLtARaFIED, Pa., Oct. 2.-President Dill, if the defunct Houtzdale and Clearfleld sanks, was arrested again to-night, mak ng the third time to-day. The last arrest vas made on a warrant sworn out in Hontz lale charging him with embezzling $85,000. re secured bail for the other charges, but las not been able to secure another dollar )ail and is now at his home close y guarded by officers. It is believed hat he will go to jail some time to-night, rut the officers say they will try and keep mim in the house until the arrival of United Staten District Attorney Lyon and United states Marshal Darrah to-morrow morning. When the news spread that Mr. Dill was arrested trouble with the depositors broke ,ut anew, and the excitement to-night is ilmost as great as when the banks urst failed. It was generally thought hat 1ro arrests would be made, at least until later on, and the bank examiner who is in charge of the (Clearfleld bank, and Receivers iByers and Dickey, of Hontzdale, were allowed to go quietly on with their work of investigating the books of the ranik, when they stumbled on the accounts rnd entries which caused their arrest. The Luns and Slaves are still wild over their loses and to-night late President Dill was orned in effigy. With Varying Bueeess. CAmoioo, Oct. 2.-Detectives here are on he lookout for A. M. Standiford, the ab condiug banker of Christman, Ill. In uIiry here heveloped the fact that for the ,iit two years he had heavy epeculationson l-e board of trade going on through the hristi~n bank with varying success. The rankers pretended that the trading orders ent by them were given in behalf of a s.n licate of depositors in the Christman bank, ut there is a suspicion that the Mtandi ords themselves were the real traders. I heir dealings were heavy, amounting ometimes to about a million bushels of rain per day. To Force Up the Pries. CurcAoo, Oct. 2.--The morning News says he rough draft of an article advising the armors of the country to hold their corn or higher prices has been made and is ex teated to appear in full in the next issue of be Farmers' Voioe. It advises the salo of nly so much of the crop as is actually ,,cessary for home con.sumption untilt the oleign demuand puts prices up, then to sell nly so much as is necessary to nupply the ermand, and again look up the cribs till rices go up again. 4 . Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re. tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all,in the money ,making city--depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We matedial advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real E-atate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and-the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. SWallace & Thornburgh,. ***"DENVER BUILDI'NG,.*. Broadv)ay and Warren Sts., J-lena, Montana JACQUE IN& CO. Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly ir. rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. Ming's Opera Housei 4 J. C. REMINGTON, MANAGER. > Threoe ights and Saturday lMatine. :!THRSDBAY, OCTOBER 1,': second Annual Tour of the itelging Favorites. GOODyEAR, ELITCH & SGJcILL JRVq'S ." MINSTRELS ** sad Royal Co(~ t First Part. Everything Now. Entirely New Frogramme. Newand MaNnifloeat Costumes. New aed Catehiag Mdoi.. New and Great Spsolaltie.s $14 fe00 ira Gor d rob d Draperies for A GIIAND COMPANY OF COMEDIANS., _saweo 'O,~tAone Wdn sday mornia atM d"l ',/OIBI" ingl store, GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of - Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The partlcuiai care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty oo designs all guarantee the best value at no higher, prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship.. -. . ... Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goods is unexcelled, and we are showing all the Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. 'We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: . ... Dr. Yaeger's Sanitary Wool en Sjsterm Glothing, Knox World JenoW)ned J-lats, Hanan & Sons' Shoes. Send for catalogue of Dr. Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - - - - sat. FLOOR--Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR--Boys' and Children's Suits apd Overcoats. 3d. FLOOR--Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR-Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lightec, brsiness establishment in the northwest. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.