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se t the isk of sabeoriber unlees b regites d fletter, cheok, or postal or ex payable to The independent Pub rPerao desiring the INDurUwaDrM served ethir home or place of blainee can order by natd or through telephone No. 100. Pleas eoase.of irregular delivery promptly. d4ertleomezts, to Insurea prompt Ineettlon. au be handed in before 8 p. as. ,;Rl5ected communications not returnable en. Spostage ais enclosed. TEEMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. B Y MAIT. Daily inludlng Sunday] per year.......... $10 00 Daily [including Sunday] six months...... 5 00 Daily [including Snndayl three months.... 2 5 Daily [exclding Sunday] per year......... 00 Daily Lexcluding Sunday] per month...... 75 BSunday only [in advancol per year......... 2. Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 00 Daily by carrier, per weook, Leeaven isanesl.. 2 HELENA, MONT., OCT. 8. 1891. 'P"Montanlans abroad will always find Txn DALY lNDrPE.naDNT on file at their favorite hotel.: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan, New York; West, Minneapolis: IBaldwin and Palaen, Sn Franciseo: McDermott, Butto: Leland Hotel, SprintelId. Iii. IT is reported that the remnants o the republican state committee in see sion at an early hour yesterday morn ing appointed the Helena Journal th ofilcial tariff liar for next year's cam paign. THnx New York Press publishes as cartoon a representation of a barrel an a bung starter, which it suggests as design for a democratic campaign badge To make it a republican emblem a Fas sett would have to be attached to the bung-hole. BALMACEDA, BOULANGER, PARNELL Three remarkable and sensational char acters of out time. The greatest o these, and the most worthy in his aims was the Irish leader. Yet his cares was practically at an end before deati overtook him and the cause he chain pioned will be aided rather than re tarded by his demise. TaosE industries of our country to which we give little thought or discus sion, make some surprising showings ir the census returns. Census bulletin 101 is devoted to the nurseries of the Unitec states. The capital invested in this in dustry, it appears, is over $52,000,000 and nearly 50,000 men and women are employed. The total valuation of nure· 'ery products, at market rates, is upward of $100,000,000. -:IN the death of Moses J. Liddell, late associate justice of the supreme court of Montana, the bar of the state losoE one of its ablest members and the corn madpwealth one of its best citizens. Al though a resident of the state but a sIhort time he won a deservedly high place in the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens who sincerely mourn the untimely departure of a courteous, honorable and manly man. R EPUBLICAN organs that are singing pmans of triumph over the reduction of duty, and consequent cheapening of cost, on sugar, should hold a caucus with the organs that insist that the McKinley bill does not increase prices to the American consumer and endeavor to agree upon some plausible proposi tion to put before the people. It is really straining credulity to ask us to believe that putting on a duty and tak ing off a duty accomplish exactly the same thing. 'q3x Buffalo Commercial has discov qgd a fatal objection to tRoswell P. PJower's election as governor of New ,York. He has never served a day in the state legislature, it says. -There was once a citizen of Buffalo, of the name of Grover Cleveland, who had never served a.day in the state legislature either. IIe was elected governor of the state, how ever, and the way he probed into legis lative corruption and vetoed jobs will not be forgotten in that state for many a year. As the New York legislature has been constituted in recent years, it is probably fortunate for Mr. Flower's rep utation that he has not served in that body. His opponent finds a legislative record a mighty hard thing to ex plain and make presentable to the vot ers of the state. PARNELL'S death did not come soon enough for his fame, but it will be the popular verdict that it occurred oppor tunely for Ireland, whoae cause was re tarded in these latter days by his un wise attempt to maintain a leadership that so many, even of his countrymen, thought he had justly forfeited. His tory will accord him high place for the ability, persistency and courage with which he battled for the rights of a peo pie. Neither social scandal nor personal shortcomings will detract from his re markable merits as a patriotic political leader who performed great service to mankind. But he had ceased to be a hero, his usefulness was past, and it is not unkind to say that in his death new and greater opportunity is opened for the people whom he loved and served. SHoULD bi-chloride of gold come into general use as a cure for drink some nice legal questions probably would be raised. Police magistrates now sentence men to close confinement, or hard labor, to break them of the liquor habit, but' would the courts have a right to anni hilate a man's appetite, once for all, by sentencing him to undergo the bi chloride treatment? Or would the vic tim have a right to protest that his ap etite was his own and he ihad a right o take it away with him unimpaired fter the expiration of his sentence? nd the feollows , ho drink to drown sheir orrows and forget their cares, ould they be sentenced to a treatment hat would clear the cobwebs from their rainsand put lhem in a condition .here they would feel all the burdens hey seek to shliirk? We have compul ory vaccination and school attendance awe. Shall we have compulsory bi bloride treatuent? THE Washingtou corresponiidents are ard pressed for sensations when they eek to prove there is danger the organ ationof congrese wil be delayed ow aIg to the fact that there are so mia oandidatee for the speakership, Thel is not the slightest possibility of such deadlock. The democratio caucus wl speedily decide between the four or flt candidates of that party, in accordane with long established precedent, an the man the caucus selects Will be eleol ed immediately. The talk of the Farm ers' alliance contingent embarassing th organization of the house is moonabhln That party has only nineteen member .of the house all told, and it all of them should stand out, or act with the repub licans, the democrats would still have I big majority. There are 225 straigh democrats in the house and 167 mem bers constitute a majority of that body It would take fifty eight bolting demo crats to defeat the action of their partJ caucus. No sane man believes thai many democrats would withdraw fron the organization of their party for and purpose whatsoever. THI lukewarmness of a large part oi the press of California toward the greal university that Leland Stanford has founded, with the greatest endowmenl ever given to an educational institution, is a curious exhibition of littleness, While the multiplicity of small colleges, with inadequate equipment, is a thing to be regretted, the multiplication of great universities, with ample endow ment, cannot be objected toon any valid grounds. As Senator Stanford said in his speech at the opening of the univer sity at Palo Alto the other day, there cannot be such a thing as too much ed ucation. There is a place for the Stan ford university, even in California, where a state university is already in exist ence. Before the echoes of newspaper criticism have died away comes the, an nouncement that the state institution has opened its doors for the new year with nearly one thousand students and the largest freshman class ever known in its history. At the same time the Stanford university, only fifty miles dis tant, begins its career with ovnr four hundred students. It is a safe predic tion that both of California's universi ties will be benefited by the impetus given to learning by Stanford's gift of $20,000,000 to the cause of education. The creation of great universities in America has upset all the traditions. Those who contend that historic associ ations and ivy-grown walls are necessary to the true university are confronted by the fact that the greatest university in this country'to-day, Johns Hopkins, is only fifteen years old, while Cornell, an other young giant. is but a few years its senior. These two institutions have revolutionized Harvard and Yale and Princeton by their influence, and ele vated the standards of colleges every where. Both were very vigorously as sailed when they were founded and the same cry went up that has greeted Sen ator Stanford's ears, that the money spent on new schools should have been given to old institutions. But the best thing that ever happened to the old col leges was the founding of new ones like those we have named. The time for starting poor and feeble colleges in this country has passed, but there is always room for rich ones and there cannot be too many of them. CROSS-CUT'S. "Do you suppose that George could be base enough to marry me for money?" "How much have you got?"-Life. Madison Square-They say that one-half of the world doesn't know how the other half lives. Morrison Essex-The man who wrote that never lived in a small town. Puck. Plumduff-Has that charming widow any property? Ketchum-Yes, considerable. Plumduff--Real estate or personal? Ketch umn-Personal. She has six childrqn.--Bos ton Courier. Miss Coquette-Have you a match? Mr. Flint-No! Miss C.-What shall we do? Mr. F.-Let's make one! Miss O.-And in that case you would be the stick, I sup pose?-Life. Teacher-Try to remember this: Milton, the poet, was blind, Do you think von can remember it? "Yes, ma'm." "Now, what was Milton's groat misfortune?" "He was a poet."-American Grocer. "What do you think of this 'gold cure' for drunkenness?" "It may be all right, but gold would never cure me. There is nothing sobers me up so quick as being dead broke.-New York Press. "Chappie told me he thought you lacked repose," said Maude. "Well, it was his fault," retorted Estelle. "If Chappie would go homue at a reasonable hour I'd get the repose I need"--New York Herald. An Atchison girl recently broke her en gagemient. "I met you on the street the other day," she wrote, "and my heart did not flutter. I did not have any carious sen sation where my heart is supposed to be. I did not blush and I did not become uncon scious of the existing of every one on the street but you. These are the symptoms described by novels. I haven't got them, so I know I am not in love with you. Good bye." PEOPL'E OF NOTE Gen. Low Wallace has just secured pat ents on a fishing rod and a rail coupler for railways. Mary Lowell Putnam, sister of James Russell Lowell, is the only surviving meom ber of the poet's generation in the Lowell family. Her eighty-first birthday occurs in December. Oscar Wilde mourns the loss of his cloth ing, which has been stolen by vandal burg lars. It should be said in their defense that they worked in the dark and could not see what they were taking. Notwithstanding the cares of offile and the disquietude caused by nihilist plotters, the czar of Russia has kept his interest in and increased the fine collections of bird's eggs and stamps which he began as a boy. Michael Davitt is on hlis way back to Ire land anter a five months' rest in California, where he went to recuperate his shattered health. Though his vacation has benefited him greatly he is far from being a picture of health. Thomas Bailey Aldrich, the famous Bos ton poet, has just returned from a journey to Europe. lie is a rather short, thick-sot man with a leorine head, covered with short, curly locks, a handsome face with regular features and a sensitive mouth, which is not concealed by the brownish gray mustache. Even those pnssers-by who did not know that thae ran wlrs T'homnsas Bailey Aldrich could not fail to be struck by the dignity- of his carriage and by the refinement and strength of his face. The Kinlln uft Ate M.-Ie ac nteape eslaestee nUee. Wannaa, Ida.. Oot., Oct. ,-rSp5Ol. The coroner's jury impanlded to paMi the killing of David Grant by ObarlI Stowe, at Gem, the porning of the pd I returned a verdict "that death rnlSM1 foom wounds Infilrted by a miner'ei 9 t stick In the hands of Stowe, and the was not jlstidabil." Grant was a shift baes at the l emmlbi He had discharged Stowe the previ.* night, and Stowe returning next morniqg a quarrel resulted. A school district has been organised a' the bristling little town of Gem. Ther. art about fifty children of sohool a s. Post master J. J. Ullman, rustling Pat Mahc ney and . Ri. Williams are the board 01 trustees. A good supply of furniture and apparatus is en route from an eastern mean ufactory, and school will be opened at al early day. T. Henry Bnsey, the merchantof Ward. ner junction is completing a building neal the Union Pacifico depot, twenty-fiVe by sixty feet, two stories high. He will, re move his stock in a few days, and will nu doubt find purchasers for all the goods he offers them. George MoKinnis. the genial democratic landlord of the MoKinnis house, on the south side of the track, has a large, com. fortable tavern, and he knows just how to run it. Charles Rice supplies the meals, the dining room being presided over by his estimable wite. Sutherland & Cougriff have recently moved their stock of general merchandise from Wardner Junction to a neat new house near the Hotel McKinnis, and are doing a Rood business. Sinclair O'Rourke & Co. carry a large stock of hay, grain and vegetables also near the MoKain house. Mike Sinolair be ing in sole charge of the business it will go Ekllison Sinclair, at Kellogg, supplythe refreshments. Jim Ellison, being a Ken tuckian, takes especial pride in supplying a democratio article that will tickle their, palates and remind them where they found it; and what Charlie Sinolair does not know about cigars need not be sought for. The expression on his face as he rolls one of his favorites in his mouth and puffs the blue smoke reminds one of Josh Whitoomb's countenance in his favorite role. Spokane announces with great noise that the freedom of that city will be tendered to the people of the Coeur d'Alene country next week, and a free excursion on the Union Pacific road will be tendered. This no doubt is being done in the hope of checkmating the growing sentiment and warm feeling here for Montana. If Mon tana business people work this country they .will find it to be easy to control a good business. Spokane has reaped a good har vest here. The development of the lead ore bodies here was the element that brought that oity from a struggling village to its present position. Her people in many instances have not appreciated the import ance of our trade, and they will find it neo essary to do lively rustling to retain their lead. They at least will have to be content with a division of it with Montana towns. DELMONICO'S. From a Coffee Room to a World Famous Restaurant. Who has not heard of "Delmonico's," New York? No name is more familiar te epicures than Delmonico, and yet few peo pie know anything about the original Del monicos, of whom there were three brothers -John, Lorenzo and Pierre. The rea founder of the name was John, the young. eat and most energetic of the three, says a Saratoga correspondent of the Troy Times. He was the first who came to New Yorkcend he sent out for the other two. John orig inally began his career as a trader between Havre and Havana. He made a little money and went to New York, dreaming, probably, as little of his future success as did A, T. Stewart when he first landed from Ireland. John started a little bakery and did fairly well-so well that he thought that with the aid of his brothers he could do better. So he wrote to his elder brothers to come over the Atlantic. This was quite a venture some journey, especially for two Swiss peasant lads, for such they were. But they had faith in John, in fortune and in each other, so over they came-by sail ship of course. The first Delmonico building was a com bined bakery, bar, coffee room and restan rant. The bakery was run upon the 'pon honor plan recently adopted at some lunch counters in New York-that is, no watch was kept on customers, who helped them selves to pies, tarts, turnovers and cakes, and their word was taken as to the amount they consumed. ' he coffee was always good and the meals well cooked and served, and the prices were reasonable. A cup of fresh coffee and some delicious lolls and butter could be had for a shilling, and a cutlet only cost a shilling more. A regular dinner, with wine, could be enjoyed, with fin service, for a dollar-fully equal to a $3 Delmonico dinner now. A good Havana cigar cost but four cents-such as costs 20 cents to-day. The house of Delmonioo prospered from the first, and by and by a second generation Dame on the carpet and took part in the thriving concern. John, the founder of the house, took life easily toward the end, doing the marketing only, while his broth ers played dominoes and smoked cigar ettes. None of the Delmonicos, either the brothers, nephews or descendants, have been educated men. Theoriginal Delmoni cos were decidedly uncultured. They spoke, in the latter part of their lives, three languages-English, French and Italian but all three imperfectly. Nor were any of the Delmonicos good business men, in the American sense of that term. This may seems strange, considering their success, but it is a fact. None of them were keen r shrewd. None of them drove bargains. They attended strictly to one line of du. ties, treated everybody well, sold good arti ale% and so got rich, and their fame es res taurateurs filled not only New York, not )nly America, but Europe. It is not gener ally known, but ola timers will still remain.m ber that the Delmonicos once kept a sum ner garden in what is now East New York. Attached to this garden was a vegetable and dairy farm, which teas free to the guests -a pleasant privilege in warm weather. ihere were various attractions, such as a )and of music and a ten-pin alley. There was also an open space for target shooting rnd for athletic games-these were the cappy days before base ball. This Del monico summer garden was a great resort for all the foreign residents in New York, partionlarly on Sundays, when all the Ger man, French, Italian and Spanish notables :ould be seen there enjoying themselves. (Growing Rich While Others Starve. ST. rETE.raanRao, Oct. 7.-The newspapers of St. Pe'tersburg denounce the conduct of merchants and members of the nobility for seeking profit from their stores of corn while the poor peasants are starving. They make a strong appeal to the government to revoke the edict prohibiting the export if rye and substitute therefore a heavy tag cn the exportation of all cereals. Reporte from the Bcaku district and elsewhere are to the effect that thousands of persons are lying from starvation. Excarsion IRates to California. On the 15th of each month the Northern Pacific railroad will sell round trip tickets .o California points as follows: lielena to Stan Francisco and return, Ging via Portland and returning same way, $75. " 'To San Francisco, going via Portland and returning via Ogden and silver 11ow, To Los Angeles, going and returning via Portland, entering Han Francisco in one direction either going or returning, $8i9. To Los Angeles, going via Portland and taan Francisco and returnine same route, To Los Angeles, going via Portlandl and "an F ancisco, returning via Sacramento end Ogden, $99!).f). Tickets will be limited for sixty days for miting passage, with return at any time within the final linit of six monttns. A. I). Eirci, OeUr. Agt.. IIHelena, Mont. Cln.A. S. Fre, (f. I'. . '1. A., St. 'Paul, Minn. lThe largeet ino cf (cc1 1 ever rr,wu in Iluena ?au Ite reol at 'Thlle lit hlivo. 'I hi lirn, icmports re Iresi of thei midptdle mr:. lherefore IrS lower iric. tlhua their competitors. A Popular Investment is HELEJ1A JEtb ESJT\TEI -WHY ? Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re. tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. S Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thu3 be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro. Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the. money making city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties 'listed Look at the many. great enter- with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de-. town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. " Wallace & Thorrburgh,. **•.DENVER BUILDING,i... Broadvvay and Warren Sts., J-lelena, Montana JACQUEMIN & CO. Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly ir rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. " * PATENTS. * United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law. Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont. OTICI TO CO-OWNRB--TO HENRI C. Willad, ou are herey notified that I have expended one hundred do lara in labor and improvesments noon the ]lipuesot QLuarta Lode ituýlo; in ftempope Mining district, Lewi end Clarrke onoaty state of hootunas, Ia order to hold said raemiees under the provisions of section .4, reised statutes of the United States, beTin the mount required to hold the asae for the year sndina December l,. 15') : cad if within ninety sa after this notice of phublication, you fall or reface to contribute jour proportion of such ex peaditure, as o-owner, your lntorest hIn the aid a8im v3iih beonme the prot erty ed the subsoriber usesr said section 2824. PArRICK MoDONALA .ls publlation J1u I. l1L )IiOPrOAL5- N4tAL) lt USI AIRE INVITED i- for the constructi,,n of a w.odn approach to 'ho emt end of the now bridge acroac the sonth Fork of utn river near Augousta; alno for oun. treoting an embankment at the ameo place to reveont the river from changing its channell, sc tording to i,lea and poecifiaotions on tiln it hilso llce, aodl Alo to the post oftic at Angusta. Hidi to be addressed to the undoersined; to he re. elved until I2, noon. October 10, 191. lilht ro trved to reject any or all bids. Bl order of the board. J. S. TOOKEi,. Helena, Mont.. Sept. 17.8L Count c GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of . Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The particular care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty of designs all guarantee the best value at no higher prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship. - - . . . . . Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goods is unexcelled, and we are showing all the Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: - - Dr. Yaeger's Sanitary Wool en Systern Glothing, Knox World Jenowvvned Jlats, Hanan & Sons' Shoes. Send for catalogue of Dr. Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - - - . . . . . . Ist. FLOOR-Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR--Boy*' and Children's Suits and Overcoats. 3d. FLOOR--Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR--Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lightec. business establishment in the northwest. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.