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Pliaksa the tak of sabamtber aalea ee by l teteed letter. ,eheek or petal oe.f pr..e *r4d, dpa.ble to The Independent nb. Ihin* Company. 0r*Persons deeriet the IxnarmanuaN ,ered at their homes or place of businen aCa oder by postal card or through telephone No. 100. Please report oases of ifregular delivery promptly. Advertlisemerh , to insure prompt nsertien, Ihould be handed in before a p. m. Rejected communications not returnable un leos postae s encolosed. T31MtS OFr UaSCIRIPTION. BY MAIL. Daily [including Sundayl per year.......... 10 00 Daily lincluding Bondayl six months...... 5 00 Daily (including Sunday( three months..,. 250 Daily Iexclnding Sunday] per year......... 000 Da)ll [excluding Snnday] per month...... 75 Sunday oaly [in advance per year......... 250 Weekly tin advance only] per year......... 00 Daily by carrier, per week, [seven iussue.. HELENA, MONT., bOCT. 9, 1891. WAl 1ostanlans almrod will always find Tair DAILr IPNDrPxnl. FT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York; West, Minnaepoli: Baldwin and Palace. San Francisco; McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Bpringfield, Ill. PARNeLL Among the many changes that the whirligig of time brings to mortals, surely none was ever stranger than the surroundings of the death-bed of Charles Stewart Parnell. Only six short years ago he reigned supreme in the hearts of all his countrymen as their uncrowned king. He was wreathed with the laurels of successful constitutional agitation in the British house of commons. In the general election of the year he had prac tically swept the Irish constituencies for his nominees' With eighty-five de voted followers at his beck and call, he held the whip-hand of both the tradi tional parties of Great Britain and the balance of party power lay in his hand. Gladstone himself--whether actunated by sincere admiration or party interest, is of little importance--had become his practical supporter. The star of the Irish leader was at its zenith in the po litical heaven, and the hearts of the sons of Erin were throbbing with an ticipation of the mighty changes that seemed impending in the immediate fu ture. Three days ago he died, died, a discredited leader of a minority of the people:who had once been proud to claim him for their own, pursued even to the grave by the anathemas of the church of his countrymen. Into the events that led to this wonderful trans formation scene it is not necessary to enter. They are too well known, too unsavory to require repetition in these columns. Not even the grave, we be lieve, will entirely still the controversy whether or not social derelictions should necessitate political outlawry. One thing may be hoped. Parnell's death should restore among the Irish ranks the feeling of devotion and union that his sin destroyed. The men who would show their devotion to a dead leader by the maintenance of an alienation, whose causes died with the dead, are sacrific ing the truest and best interests of their country to a quixotic sense of high-flown sentiment. Let the dead bury its dead. Against any profound and thorough grasp of the dead man's leader ship, the absence of historical per spective is sure to weigh for the time. We ourselves of this generation have been too near the man, too intimately concerned in the clashing interests and fervid struggles that made the most of his political life to form a aolm and im partial judgment of his career. But in whatever niche in the temple of political fame our posterity may see fit to place the Irish leader, they will not fail to note the personality of the man. It was a strong, firm, resolute person ality. It was a personality that gave to Ireland the largest mnasure of re cent political success she has at tained. It was a personality that claimed as its right a single and unop posed leadership, and therein lay the secret of much of what Parnell accom plished. It is pitiful but true that too many of Ireland's patriotic efforts have been laid in ruins by the treachery of her own sons. United counsels and united plans have over and over again been marred by the presence of the one too many. Under Parnell's one-man leader ship, the possibility of betrayal was coen dered out of the question, and Ireland no longer had cause to blush for degen erate sons. A critic takes exception to the late leader's coolness, his frigidity, his non-excitability. Amidst the storm lest scenes of the stormiest settings of the house of commons, Parnell would sit as the genius of imperturbable destiny, and the behavior was everywhere char teristic of the man. In our ruind it would seem that this attitude of mind of his was a potent factor in Irish suc cess. The Celtic mind is prone to be hot and hasty. It has not the audacity of the politician nor the plotting careful ness of the professional agitator. It sees before it the object of its desires, and careless of means or possibilities it makes a dash for its attainment. The frame of mind is one that in war has produced some of the most heroic feats of arms, but one that in politics is very easily foiled. The mistake of acting first and repenting afterwards was one that Parnell was, seldom, if ever, guilty of making from a political standpoint. It will be well for Ireland and her hopes if the next leader of the Irish people will combine with the national enthusiasm and fire of his people some of the patient. waiting, calculating power of Charles Stewart Parnell. MISS WILLARD AGAINST IT. There is a disposition am -ig the lead ing prohibitionists to turn cild water on the Keceley cure for drunkenness. They apparently regard the discoverers of this cure as rivals in the field, which they claim exclusively their own. The latest manifestation of this feeling is a declaration from Miss Frances 1. WVil iard, in which she attacks the new method as a political schemeu to bury !the prohibition party. Miss Villard :does not discuss thle methods employed at Dwight, nor the results, nor is she prepared to pass judgment on the suc oess of the system. Apparently her :beatreason for opposing Dr. Keeley's u;te is that no legal measures are em Iployd $h the lnstitutiont The reason why so many prohibition lute are termed "oranks" is because they are so narrow and bigoted in their views of the great social evil that they are unwilling to concede any degree of benefit in methods suggested or used by others in bringing about temperance reform. This is not true of all prohlbi tionists, but of many and we fear that Miss Willard is fast climbing the avenue to this sort of distinction. She showed signs of such tendency several years ago when she used her influence against Francis Murphy. The Kepley cure has reached several degrees beyond the ordinary class of much advertised failures to cure the liquor and opium habits. The best phy sicians'who have visited the establish ment tell us that cures result, in at least 75 per cent. of the oases. The methods have been discussed in nearly all the newspapers in the country and by such periodicals as the North Ameri can Review. So far as we know Miss Frances E. Willard's opinions stand out against the favorable criticisms of all scientists and medical experts, who have made a study of the institution. We take it, that the prime object of prohibi tionists of all classes is the reform of the drunkard. Now then, if one method of bringing about this reform is far more spooessful than the others why should not all interested unite in en couraging this method? IN place of a fall election the citizens of the good town of San Francisco are enjoying a racy investigation of munioi pal and stato corruption. Political in vestigations are by no means new in San Francisco, but this differs in that facts are driven closer to the homes of the "boys." The courts and the Examiner have started a genuine stampede and bosses and henchmen are flying in all directions. THE republican state convention of Colorado called for the free and unlim ited coinage of silver. The Harrison view of the silver question does not pre vail with Colorado republicans. The views of Montana republicans will not be clearly defined until it is learned whether they will fall under the lash of Prince Russ or remain loyal to Montana interests. CORNELL University opened this year without the annual freshman-sophomore cane rush. It is true that there are certain elements of brutality in the cane rush but nevertheless it has been useful in reducing the swelling on many a freshman's head. THIS is regarded as an extremely im portant year in the political calendar and yet we hear nothing from Mr. Blaine on the stump. Possibly he intends to refrain from cheap and 'meaningless praise of the Harrison administration. THE Salt Lake Herald of last Sunday contains an editorial discussion on the anti-marrying clubs in Connecticut towns. Unless times have greatly changed such organizations would be rather unpopular in Salt Lake. THE republican howl against the Tam many tiger is louder this year than usual. As that animal dates his exis tence back to 1790 there are good reasons for believing that he will worry through the present campaign. WHAT is that imnortant business po sition in New York which ex-Speaker Reed is reported to have accepted? Is it the bouncership in a swell bar room? The Inter-Mountain says he is a born fighter. IT may be that Commissioner Raum is one of the best men in the world, but he has so much trouble to maintain his reputation that his nsefulness is practically destroyed. -Globe Democrat. What thinks the prince's paper about this matter? Ti}E future of base ball appears to be quite its uncertain as two years ago if the Chicago papers are to be believed. Nevertheless the game will probably ex ist until after the World's fair. Jiunv SrIrPsoE receives $50 a day for lecturing. This is certainly more profit able than farming under the iniquities of a manufacturer's tariff. Smcriln: is not a popular refuge for played-out politicians but it has certain advantages to those seeking permanent rotirement. Tims results of the Denver races show that the Montana trotter is fast coining to the front in the United States. Ilisgrac·eful Retreat. Deer Lodge Silver State: In a recent number the Helena INDeI'PENDENT gave a schedule of prices showing that in many instances American manufacturers charge the American wholesale buyers higher prices for their goods than they charge the foreign buyer at retail. The Helena Jour nal controverted the truth of this state ment and questioned the authenticity of the record from which Tur INDEPENDENT received the information. 'rTl INorPENDENT asserts that "the prices quoted to American and foreign consumers are certified as correct over the signatures of the protected firms charging them," and offers to substantiate the truth of the assertion by a wager of $1,0(X). In reply the Helena Journal beats a disgraceful re treat through a column and a half of stale, partisan ansd gratuitous statements, finally reaching the woods and panting under the shade of the trees. However unsavory it may be to the palate of our republican brethren, and incredible to the reader, the truth remains intact, that a farmer in Europe can buy at retail a plow cheaper than an American farmer can at wholesale. Class legislation and the high priests of protection are responsible for the infamy. Tralnmen's Conference Ended. GALnaenacn, Ill., Oct. 8.-The long con troversy in the convention of the Brother hood of Railway Trainmen ended this afternoon in the complete vindication of Grand Master Wilkinson and Grand Secre tary Shehan. In the matter of the dis charge of the old trustees the sustaining vote was 258 to 91. The old trustees said they accepted the decision of the conven tion in good faith and shook hands with the grand officers as evidence of restored harmony, while the convention applauded vigorously. Analysis ofW i New Tow, Oct, ý~= + 11 d a dispatch fromin o nd t tqat. of Parnell: "He looked 4l4-i ia fragile and in the eterr days collapse gave great obc.ern to hi But when they learned how and w h long absenoes from his plst, whloh hi ek lained on the store of 1ll 1 .lth feall suient. liuredlit asl to hisl. it. succeeded, and at lidel ceedi l i of it. The truth is that Parnell came a heremditary mad family, Where newriti ex 1tN in the blood. s It did in the earn of his faente, sdden eise of this kind is to looke for., rEvery d knows r e perisenc how he has ps.d to t 1ihe examinatIon an aparently healthy pt only to be hurledly summoned i the afternoon to see him dyin ftromlery or some cardiac affeotion When h i is of its balance the phbyIque is qualy out of poise. Parnell always led an ido lent life. He took very littlee lsse, Iot ing over his Auoqdale reserves only be o six days in a year. Hence, whe 'the schism came with the necessary streneous, constant exertion he was unable to stand it. He appeared before an audience at Oieps in Galway with his arm in a sling, this, later, as it seems, developed into pericar ditis. It is quite in keeping with the ab its of his life. No one knw he was tIll startled by the tidings of his death. Nt urally there were stories of sutide. There is, of course, a possibility that the intensity of rheumatic pains prompted him to the excessive use of aneesthetics; but there seems to be no other grounds for the rumors which were suggested. doubtless, by the coarse of Balmacede and Boulanger. "Prnell's death releases the Parli fund, which McClarthy will at ono_ apply to the succor of evicted tenants. I violate no confidence or canons of good taste in say ing that the leaders of the Irish party are fully prepared to find that this fund is much amller than Parnell represented it. and to discover claims against it which have hitherto been unheard of. He has been lavish in his promises to devise means to divide the bulk of this fund among his adherents. They find themselves now in a most deplorable state, without a leader, without a party, without mondy, and bit terly hated by every respectable element in Irish life. "Only a few of them will be allowed to return to the natiohalist fold. The others may desperately strive to rally the drege of Fenisnism; but the utmost they cando is to keep Ireland disturbed during the winter. Perhaps they will not even attempt to do that. I doubt if they will try to make a contest in either the Cork or Kilkenny vacancies. In fact, the faction flght in Ireland which yesterday was a pitiful yet exasperating affair, is to-day as dead as Julius Onsar." "Parnell Dead, Ireland Lives." Dweaim, Oct. 8.-The evening Press. Mc Carthyite organ, says: "The death of Par nell is a terrible lesson to those who thought that the Irish nation should take his life as a lease of Ireland's safety. They almost pretended that he was God-like and un dying. We cannot forget even at this mo ment how they calculated callously that the death of McCarthy would place Parnell in possession of the Paris funds. God bless the faithful people in possession of the Paris funds. God bless faithful people who did not fail to see that the nation a cause did not depend on the mortality of man. Parnell is dead and Ireland lives. If all the leaders of Ireland had passed away with him, Ireland's cause would yet be ful filled." ' Resolutions Passed. DnuLsN, Oct. 8.--At a meeting to-day of the corporation of the city of Dublin, reso lutions of regret at the death of Parnell were passed, and the lord mayor and mem bers of the corporation empowered to at tend the funeral in robes of state. At a meeting of the Parnellite party of West Clare a resolution calling on John Red mond to assume the leadership of the party was passed. Resolutions of deep regret at the death of Mr. Parnell were also unani mously adopted. Most stores .throughout the leading towns of Ireland are closed. Timothy Harrington and other prominent members of the Parnellite party refuse to discuss the political situation at present. The Cause of Death. LoDowN, Oct. 8.-It has been decided to hold a post-mortem examination of the body of Parnell, with the view of settling definitely the cause of death. A dispatch from Brighton says the doctors' certificate states that Parnell's death was caused by rheumatic fever, resulting in excessive tem perature and failure of the heart. It was decided at a family council held this afternoon that Parnell's remains shall be accorded a public funeral, and that the body be interred at Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland, where the dead leader was born. Mrs, Parnell's Condition. BaaronxoN, Oct. 8.-Mrs. Parnell is still prostrated with grief, and though weak and exhausted from long watching and the ter rible shock experienced, she positively re fuses to partake of any food or refreshment and will only see her daughter. A family council will be held to-day. and necessary arrangements for the funeral will be made after consultation with a committee of the Irish members of parliament who have been deputed to take part. THE RUNAWAY MADE HIM. Sam Jones WVould Be a Drayman Yet but for a "Frisky" Horse. Before Sam Jones went to preaching he ran a public dray in Cartersville, Ga., his native town. He was a familiar figure around the depot, and he at that time hauled all the drummers' trunks from the depot to the hotel. Many veteran drum mers yet remember Sam as a drayman. His outfit was a small rickety, rattling, ram shackling wagon and a sorrel horse that was old and experienced enough to have come down from the revolutionary war. 'This horse was a character in his way, and some people say he was the cause of Sam's reformation. He was as humble a horse as one would wish to see. He submitted to all Sam's cuffs and rebuffs without any protest other than mildly backing his flea-bitten oars. H@ had the air of one who was always deeply engaged in thought, and looked upon the frivolities of this life with su preme disdain. And then Sam's horse was extremely unsociable in his temperament. lie never cared to make any new acquain tances and seemed desirous of treading the wine press of sorrow alone. For many days he went on in the same quiet way, drawing Sam's rickety old dray with the sublimest fortitude. It was never necessary for Sam to tie thim when he left him, for he had such insurmountable constitutional ob jections to locomotion that there was little danger of his taking his departure. So Sam thought, and so it was for many, many years. But these things do not always remain the same, alas! One day SPam's horse was seen, to the extreme surprise of the Car tersevillians, tearing down Main street fol lowed by the dray, which was rolling about from one side to the other. Down the street he went like mad, and it seemed wonderful to those who knew him intimate ly that he could acquire sunobh speed. Sam who had left him for some purpose, stood watching his smad career eagerly. "He's decided to emigrate," Sam re marked, as the horse continried his wild flight. 'resently the horse swerved to the right and the wagon struck against a tree, and, with a crash, came to a standstill. The spectators all went down to survey the wreck. In was a complete one, indeed. S,am stood and looked at it silently for some moments in deep reflection. There was a pathos in his voice when he turned around end said: "I guese I'll have to find some other way to make a living." In a few weeks Sam left Cartereville and went down near Columbus. "'J'he next I heard or saw of Sam," con tinued the gentlemen who told the story, "he came back to Cartersville apd preached a sermon. I went to hear him and I never saw snah a complete change in a man." ?'plar't e HELEJ\A BEJ ESTIATE! Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Thmk of the vast sums re tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro. Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money mnaking city--depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and' steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital, every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the grea't northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. " Wallace & Tkornburgh,. **.*DENVER BUILDING,i... Broadw'ay and Warren Sts., J-lelena, Montana Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly ir rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. ** PATENTS. United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law. Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont. JoTClf TO C0-WNER--TO HENRY 0. Ton axe i herebx nlod thgt 1 hlave qapndo4 one hundred dollars in lbor and imprernsnts upoa_ tIhe inobss larts Lod situate in t l al i` trl, t, Lewis and Clark. c-uss , state .of enotena, it order to hold said ý u-dater the povisionr of sction 2824, --iN d statulte. of th Usited ltsto, being the -ameast required to hold the rsme tos the year =.lala Dootm. 81, 1 sa1;d if within nicety -a-s sate, this notice of poblisaten, you .il or o to5 your ropoionor o ou - -idltot' s oo-ownsr, routr tnt1a t t the odd "ý wtNi ii ome the propert of the subsrtibe PATRICK MoDONALD, FPait ,ibllestion July 2. 1891 -iOPOtALt1-BEAL~ED BIDS ARE INVITED for the construction of .a oodon approach to the east end of the new oridge cres. tue south ;ork of tn rIver nsr Ju. ale. for con strtwatins embankment at the same place to prevent the river from chanmling Its channell, ac cordin to pl"ans and spetlfloations on lln in this office, and also In the post orsco at Augusta, Bids to be addressed to the unader.ined; to bhe r aveld until 1. noon. Ootob.r 10,1Jil. Right r. -rsdr to re e;t sj h or all bids. B order oM t, boedt. J. TOOK . GANS & KLEIN. We are receiving daily new additions to our already attractive stock of - - - - - - - - Mens', Youths', Boys' and Children's Suits The particular care exercised in the se lection and manufacture of all Garments, the perfection of patterns and novelty of designs all guarantee the best value at no higher prices than are frequently asked for goods of inferior workmanship. - - - Our stock of Men's Furnishing Goods is unexcelled, and we are showing all the Latest Domestic and Imported Novelties. - - - - We are sole agents for the following well-known manufacturers: -. -------- Dr. Yaeger's Sanitary Wool en Systerr Glothing, Knox World Jenovwned J-lats, Hanan & Sons' Shoes. Send for cataloguie of Dr: Yaeger's goods. It will interest you. - - - - - - - - - ist. FLOOR-Men's Furnishing Goods, Hats and Shoes. 2nd. FLOOR-Boys' and Children's Suits and Overcoats. 3d. FLOOR--Men's Suits and Overcoats. 4th. FLOOR-Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Hose, Etc. Elevator to all four Floors. The best lightec. business establishment in the northwest. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.