Newspaper Page Text
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fstil derd or tbIoregh tslephone No. 00. Phls
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TERM $ OF SUBSOCIPTION.
* S AIL.
Daily [inaludineg.Sndy] per ear .........810 00
Daily [including Sondayl] six months...... 5 00
bally fineluding Sunday] three months.... 250
Daily fezclUding Sanday] per year.....,... 9 00
Daily lexoluding Sundeyd per month...... 90
Sunday only lin advanoe] per year ....... 60
Weekly [in advrance only] per year......... 00
Dally by carrier, per week. Leeven issues.. 55
HELENA, MONT., OCT. 22, 189L
CF'Mnotanians abroad will always nal Ten
DAn.r i niniDatrr on file at their favorite
hotels: Flth Avenue sad Metropolitan, New
York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace,
Sen Francisco: McDermott, Buttoe Leland Hotel,
CENSUS OF THEE RANGES.
The latest bulletin from the census
ofiooe contains statistics of the range
cattle industry in the United
States, prepared by Mortimer White
head, special agent of the department,
who has done his work with intelligence
and skill. The superintendent of the
bureau, in his report, explains that the
data for this bulletin were obtained
from reports by experienced stockmen
and special agents, who personally via
ited the ranges in all the states and ter
ritories. After the special agents had
begun their work it was foupd that in
some cases the regular enumerators had
made a partial enumeration of farm
stook. This occurred through the diffi
culty of exactly determining the border
line between range stock and stoock on
farms owned by farmers, who are con
stantly extending their farm area.
Again, large numbers of stock are, dur
ing portions of the year, within farm
inclosures and at other times on the
ranges. Owing to this difficulty in ex
actly defining the lines of farm and
range stock, and to avoid duplications,
only the stock known to be outside of
that taken as farm stock is included in
the tables of the bulletin.
It is found that in June, 1890, there
were upon the ranges 517,128 horses,
5,433 mules, 14,109 asses or burros,
6,828,182 cattle, 6,676,802 sheep and 17,
276 swine, with sales of horses in 1889
amounting to $1,418,205; of cattle,
$17,913,712; of sheep, $2,669,063, and of
swine, $27,132. The total number of
men reported upon ranges in care of
this stook is 15,390. The industry is
found to be more generally prosperous
at this time than for several years pre
Mr. Whitehead's enumeration was
done by nine special agents, to one of
whom was a igned the ranges of
the western pa- of the Dakotas and
Montana. The/work was undertaken
in the summer and fall of 1890, when
the range stdok industry was not so
flourishing as it is at the present time.
As compared with other states, Montana
makes an excellent showing. Mr.White
head says of it:
The state of Montana was among the last
to attract the attention and confidenoe of
range stockmen on account of its cold win
ters; but, following the large and profitable
miding camps in 1881-'82, large herds of
cattle from various states, but chiefly from
Texas, were located in Montana and prep
arations made for permanent stock ranch
ing. In no other range section has the de
velopment of southern-bred cattle been so
marked and satisfactory. The upper AMis
souri river and many of its tributaries drain
the state, affording a well-distributed water
supply, while the mountains, foothills, can
yons and ravines furnish the needed natu
ral protection from storms. The ordinary
annual loss of live stock is less than six per
cent., and many range men report leas
than three per cent. The winter of 1886-'87
was an exception, and heavy losses
occurred; but in the three succeeding years
the stock interests of the state rapidly re
cuperated, and Montana cattle have an ex
cellent reputation in eastern markets. But
little attention, comparatively, is given to
rggular farming, and the ranges as a rule
are.not fenced, the stock being held within
the lines of a given location by a system of
"line riding." The expense incident to
holding a bullock one year is less than $1.
and many thousands are held at that figure
on contract. The enrollment of range
stock in Montana in this investigation
shows 750,619 head of cattle and 32,039
horses owned by individuals, firms or com.
panies. Montana range horsemen are
breeding heavy draught animals and secur
ing a class of stock that is good for all
purposes. But little attention is given to
mules, only 141 being reported.
Sheep men are securing a foothold in the
eastern portion of the state, and during
1889-'90 large numbers of sheep have
reached Montana from Oregon, Washing.
ton, and other states. It is found that not
only a superior grade of wool, but also an
excellent grade of mutton, is produced in
Montana, and considerable attention is be
ing given to the breeding of Southdown,
Leicester, and other, mutton-producing
classes of sheep. Many cattle men are ex
changing their herds of cattle for flocks of
sheep, and eastern men are investing largely
in the business. The number of sheep re
ported from Montana was 493,870. and the
amount of the wool clip was 2,841,916
pounds, The average weight of fleece is a
fraction less than six pounds, although
sheep men claim that this average is re
duced by the presence of large number of
sheep which came into the state after being
sheared elsewhere, and that the true aver
ago is about seven pounds. The range.
stock industry of Montana can be reported
as in a prosperous condition.
THE vote in the city council in favor
of opening Lawrence street will meet
with general commendation. No im
provement that could be undertaken
would be a greater convenience and
benefit to the public than the creation
of this thoroughfare between the east
and west sides of town. Push the ordi
nance through and get the men and
teams to work before winter comesl
Labor needs employment and the work
will put money in the channels of trade.
Ovu farmers were told by the McKin
leyites that the new wool schedules in
the tariff bill were especially framed to
1 keep their wool clip fromn competition
i with the foreign product. How the bill
has really worked is thus told by the
i61 good reaite to ooniiludi that,
wh.lreW harm it may have done in
other directions, the' famous MoKlnley
talr huas largely stimulated the con
uamption oCf Auatrallan woolI do th .
Utnited Statea" Whith) d46thf otl
protect except the manufaotur't?
Tai Inter Mountain attempts to
make light of Congressman-Ellet
Dixon's protest against the tlh tax a
year ago. The consumers of the United
States have paid $8,000,000 in increased
duty on imported tin plate since the Mc
Kinley bill went into operation. Eight
million dollars is not a very large sum
divided among 04,000,000 of people, per
haps, and to a billion-dollar congress it
is nothing at all, but it was an aggrega
tion of just such grabs that led to the
most awful defeat any party ever re
ceived. If the Inter Mountain is any
index, its party is getting ready for an.
other drubbing of the same sort.
EvxaswaIas the secret ballot has been
tried the result has been favorable to the
democracy. This may have been acciden
tal; or it may be aceeounted for by the fact
that the political tide is running strongly
toward a revival of Jeffersonian politics.
Yes, and that's why the republican
bosses are filled with apprehension about
Ohio. The men in protected industries
who have had their wages out down are
going to say something to Major McKin
ley, with a lead pencil in the privacy of
that little booth, a few days hence.
We infer from its utterance yesterday
that the Helena Journal is half inclined
to favor the nomination of B. Harrison
in 189`2. Until its discovery that the
constitution requires the candidate to
be thirty-five years of age it seemed to
be wobbling in its support of the old
BROADWAY ought, to be graded. The
property-owners are disposed to do their
share, we think, and the council is on
the right track to secure the improve
ment at less cost to the city than will
be possible in the future.
A MEXICAN gentleman tells a Chicago
reporter that the Harrison administra
tion is very popular in his country. Let
B. H. thank God and take courage that
the spot has been found at last.
SEATTLE. Tacoma, Spokane and Walla
Walls, will ask for public buildings
from congress next winter. Helena pro
poses to be on the list, this time, and
don't you forget it!
HELENA would have been glad to give
a warm welcome to Henry Villard had
his schedule given him a longer stay in
the city and the time of his coming been
THE Burlington railroad may be in
Helena in time to bring the teachers to
the N. E. A. convention next June. It
looks as though it were coming with a
THE old Bay state is going democratic
this year unless the signs are wrong.
The young men of Massachusetts have
left the republican party.
THose Ohio republicans who gave a
"sheep roast" the other day had nerve.
A.. 1annl fha r-ns}, a~n, nn f,hl_ fnrmnal
THE WHOLE PRODUCT.
Of a Tinplate Plant Sent to Harrison--He
PrrTsnUIG, Oct. 21.-Last week W. O.
Cronemeyer, of the United States iron and
steel tinplate works at Demmler, Pa., sent
President Harrison a box of tin manufac
tured at the Demmler works. This morn
ing Cronemeyer received the following let
ter froni President Harrison, dated Wash
ington, Oct. 19:
"M ysDear Sir-I have your letter of Oct.
15, and also the box of bright tinplate
which you sent as a specimen of the pro
duct being turned out by the United States
Iron and Tinplate company. I have no
skill in determining the character of this
work, but to the eye it seems to be emi
nently satisfactory and I thank you for
this evidence that a new industry has been
eestablished in the United States. I cannot
quite understand how any American can
doubt that we have the mechanical skill and
business sauacity to establish successfully
heie the manufacture of tinplate. No other
country certainly surpasses us in the in
ventive genius of its citizens, or in the bus
iness sagacity of its capitalists.
"It is surprising to me that any patriotic
American should approach this question
with a desire to see this great and interest
ing experiment fail, or with an unwilling
ness to accept the evidences of its success.
It will be a great step in the direction of
commercial independence when we produce
our own tinplate. It seems to me that
nothing. unless it be a lack of faith in the
maintenance of the present law. can thwart
this desirable achievement. I can under
stand, however, that success should be
doubted, and our failure excepted with sat
isfaction in Wales, but I cannot understand
how any American can take that view of
the question, or why he should always ap
proach every evidence of the succesuful es
tablishment of this industry in this coun
try with a disposition to discredit and re
gret it. If the great experimuent is to fail
our own people should not add to the nior
tification of failure the crime of rejoicing
Valley Forge Sold.
VALL.rY Foaor, Pa.. Oct. 21.-The orig
inal site of the old Valley Forge, which
gave the name to this town and to the rev
olutionary campaign ground that made the
place famous, has just been sold to John
Dunn. 'lhe tract transferred embrrco.s
fifty-one acres, and, as the sale was per
enimtory, it went for the low price of $10
per acre. It lies along the Valley Forge
dam, and it was in the neighborhood that
Gen. Washington's headquarters were es
tablished during the memorable winter of
The forge was first established in 1717.
was destroyed by the British in 1777, and
rebuilt in 1779. Here iron was forged for
the implements of war used by Washington
and the continental army.
Opposed to the Variety Show.
HIAWATHA, Ken., ()ct. 21.-Loading wo
men of the city inaugurated a fight against
a troupe of female variety performers.
They celled upon tile council yesterday and
asked them to prevolt the performance,
but that body iefused to interfere. They
then armed themselves with pitchforks and
rakes, scraped the bills from the boards and
satisfied themselves somewhat by declaring
that men who attended the show should be
Stage Rlobbers Active.
REDDINn , Cal., Oct. 21.-Postmaster Hoe,
of Milville, brought word this morning that
the Redding and Alturas stage had been
robbed by two masked men. The express
box and mail brgs were rifled, but the loss
is unknown. 'Iwo men have been arrested
on suspicion of having robbed the llsdding
and Weaverville stage yesterday.
SHave you noticed
' oe t hning whit umn Al bI
That stalwarte orm II w . :
S MoQuacd's an old man now.
a AI, me. I caanot beihiv this yout
It as tono moh to belit .
Id sooner think the autumn letvem
a d quite forgot to leaveo
g Or that the stately poplar bo`h ?
Hadc cesed, perohauee, to b l .
SThanbeliele unplieasnt rumoerd
SMicQuai's an old man now.
I cannot plature that mustache
So handsome, so brunette
Of any other color and twelve
º Years of life I'd bat
That Hunter is mistaken and
I'd undertake to vow
There's nothing in the story of
MoQuaid's an old man now.
"When Mount Helena tumbles down
Or the Davis case is won
Or tin plate talk is ended
Or Slavin stops his tgn
I'll then be willing to admit
Providing there's no row
There's something in the rumor of
MoQuard's an old man now.
"Let's irrigate," says the Butte Miner.
Thanks. This is the sort of suggestion that
one would expect from Butte. As John
Maguire is in Idaho we will be obliged to
dispense with the usual small bottle.
Col. Reed, the esteemed editor of the
esteemed Inter Mountain, thinks it is high
time for the citizens of Helena to adopt
measures to protect themselves from the
policemen. The polleemen of Helena are
all right. They have demonstrated their
ability to protect the city and themselves at
Billy Kay, the well-known court interpre
tar, dropped in our office yesterday to learn
the latest society gossip from China. He
was somewhat surprised when he was in
formed by a Foo Chow exchange that five
o'clock teas in that city are now served at a
quarter after five. During his call Kay
informed us that there is nothing new con
cerning the proposed Irish invasion of
China. He says there is no time on earth
when a Chinaman cannot whip an Irish
Mr. David G. Browne, of Fort Bention,
is authority for the statement that Editor
W. iI. Todd has disposed of his interest in
the Fort Benton River Press and has re
turned to his native state, Louisiana. The
genial editor has hosts of Montana friends
within and without the lines of journalism,
who hope that the time is not distant when
he will return to us. They earnestly hope
he will appreciate the fact that the mor
asses and bogs of Louisiana are tb the
mountaips and altitudinous atmosphere of
Montana as a justice's court suit is to the
Davis will case.
Henry Villard flashed into town last
evening like an electric current and flashed
out with quite the same speed. He did not
even find time to drop into the office and
return the little ten dollar note that he
borrowed a few years ago to pay for the
Do not forget the coming benefit for Offi
cer Grogan. It is unnecessary to rehlarse
reasons why this brave guardsman of the
public peace should have the biggest benefit
ever given in this town. The story 1i of
course familiar to all and we should how
our appreciation of his good work 14 the
purchase of a ticket. The entertain t,
which is under the charge of capable people,
will be worth more than the price. Charlie
Sotero, the Greek nobleman who runs the
peanut stand in front of the Atlas, pur
chased a ticket and commented as follows:
"I payee de mon too quick. DIe ones police
whp hav goods nerve getta shot is de gooda
man. I sella de barrel peanut to helps
His Honor Mayor Klei.schmidt having
shown himself an inventor of very unusual
resources, we suggest that he study out
some system to confine council discussions
to actual business. Of course this would
be rather tough on some of our city states
men who are trying to break into the
United States senate, but they must wait
until their turns come.
Manager Walker, of The Helena, is ex
hibiting on his marble counter a potato oi
abnormal development. Mr. Walker takes
particular pride in showing this vegetable
because it is largely the result of his own
labor. Last year he inaugurated the habit
of rising at five o'clock in the morning and
putting in two hours of good solid work in
the garden before breakfast. HIe planted
this potato, hoed it and due it up last Mon
day morning. He is as proud of it as Mc
Kinley of his bill.
Some time ago Toe INDEPENDENT called
attention to the necessity of a reform
school in this state. Attorney General
Haskell, who is on the board of manage
ment for state prisons, tells us that such an
institution is very badly needed, though
the board is doing all to make such a sub
stitute as education and employment can
provide in the penitentiary. It is pretty
hard to send a boy of any age over the
Srange, but it seems much worse when you
think that he will be forced t3 associate
with matured and hardened criminals who
delight in bringing youngsters to their own
level. The Society of the Framers of the
Constitution, which will meet in this city
next month, includes several members of
the legislature and the occasion would be
most opportune for discussion of this sub
An Unpopular Iteceiver.
CORVALLIS. Ore., Oct. 21.-T. Eggenton
Hogg, receiver of the Oregon Pacific rail
road, appeared in the state circuit court to
day to show cause why he should not be re
moved. A petition was filed by the em
ployes, who have claims Iaeinst the com
pany amrouuti ng to near yIl100,000. The judge
ordered the road to be sold assoon as proper
advertisements can be made, and the pro
ceeds applied to the payment of employese.
The attorney for the bondholders an
nounced that he would file a petition for
the removal of RIeceiver Hogg, accompanied
by an assurance that all operating expense.
and wages due employes would be paid if
the court apeointed a new receiver satis
factory to the bondholders. The matter
was continued till November.
A Stampede was Started.
YONrcwS, N. Y., Oct. 21.-There is much
excitement in the city to-night over a run
on the Yonkers Savings bank, made this
afternoon. A report was started thr,t the
bank was in financial trouble and a rush
was made by many depositors, and, al..
though the officers promptly denied the re
port, at least two thousand persons drew
out deposits, amounting to about $200,000.
Discharged Employee lnspected.
ATorIesoN, Oct. 21.-T'Y e office of the Mis
souri River Stone company was blown to
pieces this morning with giant powder.
Twenty men were working in a quarry near
by and were covered with debris, but noons
was serionely hurt. As theis was powder
in the office t he explosion is supposed to be
the work of d ischarged employes and a re
ward has been offered,
Will Pay Commlsslons.
CirrAno, Oct 21.-A confldential circular
has been issued to agents by General Agent
McDonnell, the of New Ontario A Western
Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and
Because Helena is already a support.
business center of large propor- 2hlnk 0f the vast sums re
tions. , ceived by Helena men as profits
man dividends from these same
Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same
road.center and bound to remain enterprises.
so. aThen say, if you can, that Hel
ena has no great future in -store
Because Helena is the tempo- for her.
rary f capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your
lBecauSe Helena will be the opportunities and secure some
permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it Is still
of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in
one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro
Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful
progressive and thoroughly alive growth.
to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city,
Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and
the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making
city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We
material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and
steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We
gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and \sell Helena Real Estate
flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al
Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for
ing capital. every customer. A personal in
vestigation of the properties listed
Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. Wp also in
prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of
tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena
pendent upon Helena men and properties.
* Wallace & ThorRburgh,.
.Broadvway and Warren Sts., J-elena, Montana
road, notifying them that commissions will
be paid on all prepaid orders secured by
them on trans-continental passenger busi
ness. This has created much surprise. as
the road is one of the trunk lines that
signed the agreement to pay po commis
sions itself and no no busainess with any
road that does. What the board of rulings
will do about it is now a question.
Agent for the Northwest.
BALTrzMoE, Oct. 21.-At the regular
monthly meeting of the board of directors
of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad it was an
nounced that Emmons Blaine had been ap
pointed general agent for Chicago and the
northwest, with offioes at Chicago.
NEW YonK. Oct. 21.-The Furnesia, from
Glascow reports cyclonic weather. One
cabin passenger had his skull fractured
while the ship was lurching. Two in the
steerage died and were buried at sea.
RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES
Well improved and thoroughly34r
rigated, on fine range. A great
W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK.
• PATENTS. .
United States and Foreign Pat
ents obtained and any information
EDWARD C. RUSSELL,
Attorney at Law.
Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont.
JACQUEMIN & CO.
: Dealers in :
Complicated Watch Repairing,
Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu
factured to Order.
Call and Examine Our Stock. No.
27 Main Street, Helena.
GANS & KLEIN
"I owe my preservation of health
while passing through the Dark Conti
nent to the wearing of DR. JAEGER'S
The manufacturers of the best goods
throughout the world always seek out the
best house in each city to sell their wares.
The fambus DR. JAEGER came straight
to us, and we control the sale of his pro
ductions in this city.
They have done more for health than any
dozen other agencies ever known.
In fact, in a changeful climate they are
almost the only remedy to ward off disease.
The new fall and winter weights for women,
men and children are here in improved
shapes; Keep healthy, wear wool next
your body the year round.
GANS & KLEIN,
Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.