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fstil derd or tbIoregh tslephone No. 00. Phls irst s - of tejpeladelivery proiaptb. aitlelutdins, to tasare proapt nsertion, 'rou bld bhaded to befln a4P. s. entwd oolM. uienatldefl not Retu.sblu pia lees psoetas is snolocd. TERM $ OF SUBSOCIPTION. * S AIL. Daily [inaludineg.Sndy] per ear .........810 00 Daily [including Sondayl] six months...... 5 00 bally fineluding Sunday] three months.... 250 Daily fezclUding Sanday] per year.....,... 9 00 Daily lexoluding Sundeyd per month...... 90 Sunday only lin advanoe] per year ....... 60 Weekly [in advrance only] per year......... 00 Dally by carrier, per week. Leeven issues.. 55 HELENA, MONT., OCT. 22, 189L CF'Mnotanians abroad will always nal Ten DAn.r i niniDatrr on file at their favorite hotels: Flth Avenue sad Metropolitan, New York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, Sen Francisco: McDermott, Buttoe Leland Hotel, Bprlngfield. Ill. CENSUS OF THEE RANGES. The latest bulletin from the census ofiooe contains statistics of the range cattle industry in the United States, prepared by Mortimer White head, special agent of the department, who has done his work with intelligence and skill. The superintendent of the bureau, in his report, explains that the data for this bulletin were obtained from reports by experienced stockmen and special agents, who personally via ited the ranges in all the states and ter ritories. After the special agents had begun their work it was foupd that in some cases the regular enumerators had made a partial enumeration of farm stook. This occurred through the diffi culty of exactly determining the border line between range stock and stoock on farms owned by farmers, who are con stantly extending their farm area. Again, large numbers of stock are, dur ing portions of the year, within farm inclosures and at other times on the ranges. Owing to this difficulty in ex actly defining the lines of farm and range stock, and to avoid duplications, only the stock known to be outside of that taken as farm stock is included in the tables of the bulletin. It is found that in June, 1890, there were upon the ranges 517,128 horses, 5,433 mules, 14,109 asses or burros, 6,828,182 cattle, 6,676,802 sheep and 17, 276 swine, with sales of horses in 1889 amounting to $1,418,205; of cattle, $17,913,712; of sheep, $2,669,063, and of swine, $27,132. The total number of men reported upon ranges in care of this stook is 15,390. The industry is found to be more generally prosperous at this time than for several years pre vious. Mr. Whitehead's enumeration was done by nine special agents, to one of whom was a igned the ranges of the western pa- of the Dakotas and Montana. The/work was undertaken in the summer and fall of 1890, when the range stdok industry was not so flourishing as it is at the present time. As compared with other states, Montana makes an excellent showing. Mr.White head says of it: The state of Montana was among the last to attract the attention and confidenoe of range stockmen on account of its cold win ters; but, following the large and profitable miding camps in 1881-'82, large herds of cattle from various states, but chiefly from Texas, were located in Montana and prep arations made for permanent stock ranch ing. In no other range section has the de velopment of southern-bred cattle been so marked and satisfactory. The upper AMis souri river and many of its tributaries drain the state, affording a well-distributed water supply, while the mountains, foothills, can yons and ravines furnish the needed natu ral protection from storms. The ordinary annual loss of live stock is less than six per cent., and many range men report leas than three per cent. The winter of 1886-'87 was an exception, and heavy losses occurred; but in the three succeeding years the stock interests of the state rapidly re cuperated, and Montana cattle have an ex cellent reputation in eastern markets. But little attention, comparatively, is given to rggular farming, and the ranges as a rule are.not fenced, the stock being held within the lines of a given location by a system of "line riding." The expense incident to holding a bullock one year is less than $1. and many thousands are held at that figure on contract. The enrollment of range stock in Montana in this investigation shows 750,619 head of cattle and 32,039 horses owned by individuals, firms or com. panies. Montana range horsemen are breeding heavy draught animals and secur ing a class of stock that is good for all purposes. But little attention is given to mules, only 141 being reported. Sheep men are securing a foothold in the eastern portion of the state, and during 1889-'90 large numbers of sheep have reached Montana from Oregon, Washing. ton, and other states. It is found that not only a superior grade of wool, but also an excellent grade of mutton, is produced in Montana, and considerable attention is be ing given to the breeding of Southdown, Leicester, and other, mutton-producing classes of sheep. Many cattle men are ex changing their herds of cattle for flocks of sheep, and eastern men are investing largely in the business. The number of sheep re ported from Montana was 493,870. and the amount of the wool clip was 2,841,916 pounds, The average weight of fleece is a fraction less than six pounds, although sheep men claim that this average is re duced by the presence of large number of sheep which came into the state after being sheared elsewhere, and that the true aver ago is about seven pounds. The range. stock industry of Montana can be reported as in a prosperous condition. THE vote in the city council in favor of opening Lawrence street will meet with general commendation. No im provement that could be undertaken would be a greater convenience and benefit to the public than the creation of this thoroughfare between the east and west sides of town. Push the ordi nance through and get the men and teams to work before winter comesl Labor needs employment and the work will put money in the channels of trade. Ovu farmers were told by the McKin leyites that the new wool schedules in the tariff bill were especially framed to 1 keep their wool clip fromn competition i with the foreign product. How the bill has really worked is thus told by the i61 good reaite to ooniiludi that, wh.lreW harm it may have done in other directions, the' famous MoKlnley talr huas largely stimulated the con uamption oCf Auatrallan woolI do th . Utnited Statea" Whith) d46thf otl protect except the manufaotur't? Tai Inter Mountain attempts to make light of Congressman-Ellet Dixon's protest against the tlh tax a year ago. The consumers of the United States have paid $8,000,000 in increased duty on imported tin plate since the Mc Kinley bill went into operation. Eight million dollars is not a very large sum divided among 04,000,000 of people, per haps, and to a billion-dollar congress it is nothing at all, but it was an aggrega tion of just such grabs that led to the most awful defeat any party ever re ceived. If the Inter Mountain is any index, its party is getting ready for an. other drubbing of the same sort. EvxaswaIas the secret ballot has been tried the result has been favorable to the democracy. This may have been acciden tal; or it may be aceeounted for by the fact that the political tide is running strongly toward a revival of Jeffersonian politics. Philadelphia Record. Yes, and that's why the republican bosses are filled with apprehension about Ohio. The men in protected industries who have had their wages out down are going to say something to Major McKin ley, with a lead pencil in the privacy of that little booth, a few days hence. We infer from its utterance yesterday that the Helena Journal is half inclined to favor the nomination of B. Harrison in 189`2. Until its discovery that the constitution requires the candidate to be thirty-five years of age it seemed to be wobbling in its support of the old man. BROADWAY ought, to be graded. The property-owners are disposed to do their share, we think, and the council is on the right track to secure the improve ment at less cost to the city than will be possible in the future. A MEXICAN gentleman tells a Chicago reporter that the Harrison administra tion is very popular in his country. Let B. H. thank God and take courage that the spot has been found at last. SEATTLE. Tacoma, Spokane and Walla Walls, will ask for public buildings from congress next winter. Helena pro poses to be on the list, this time, and don't you forget it! HELENA would have been glad to give a warm welcome to Henry Villard had his schedule given him a longer stay in the city and the time of his coming been definitely known. THE Burlington railroad may be in Helena in time to bring the teachers to the N. E. A. convention next June. It looks as though it were coming with a rush. THE old Bay state is going democratic this year unless the signs are wrong. The young men of Massachusetts have left the republican party. THose Ohio republicans who gave a "sheep roast" the other day had nerve. A.. 1annl fha r-ns}, a~n, nn f,hl_ fnrmnal THE WHOLE PRODUCT. Of a Tinplate Plant Sent to Harrison--He Took It. PrrTsnUIG, Oct. 21.-Last week W. O. Cronemeyer, of the United States iron and steel tinplate works at Demmler, Pa., sent President Harrison a box of tin manufac tured at the Demmler works. This morn ing Cronemeyer received the following let ter froni President Harrison, dated Wash ington, Oct. 19: "M ysDear Sir-I have your letter of Oct. 15, and also the box of bright tinplate which you sent as a specimen of the pro duct being turned out by the United States Iron and Tinplate company. I have no skill in determining the character of this work, but to the eye it seems to be emi nently satisfactory and I thank you for this evidence that a new industry has been eestablished in the United States. I cannot quite understand how any American can doubt that we have the mechanical skill and business sauacity to establish successfully heie the manufacture of tinplate. No other country certainly surpasses us in the in ventive genius of its citizens, or in the bus iness sagacity of its capitalists. "It is surprising to me that any patriotic American should approach this question with a desire to see this great and interest ing experiment fail, or with an unwilling ness to accept the evidences of its success. It will be a great step in the direction of commercial independence when we produce our own tinplate. It seems to me that nothing. unless it be a lack of faith in the maintenance of the present law. can thwart this desirable achievement. I can under stand, however, that success should be doubted, and our failure excepted with sat isfaction in Wales, but I cannot understand how any American can take that view of the question, or why he should always ap proach every evidence of the succesuful es tablishment of this industry in this coun try with a disposition to discredit and re gret it. If the great experimuent is to fail our own people should not add to the nior tification of failure the crime of rejoicing in it." Valley Forge Sold. VALL.rY Foaor, Pa.. Oct. 21.-The orig inal site of the old Valley Forge, which gave the name to this town and to the rev olutionary campaign ground that made the place famous, has just been sold to John Dunn. 'lhe tract transferred embrrco.s fifty-one acres, and, as the sale was per enimtory, it went for the low price of $10 per acre. It lies along the Valley Forge dam, and it was in the neighborhood that Gen. Washington's headquarters were es tablished during the memorable winter of 1777-78. The forge was first established in 1717. was destroyed by the British in 1777, and rebuilt in 1779. Here iron was forged for the implements of war used by Washington and the continental army. Opposed to the Variety Show. HIAWATHA, Ken., ()ct. 21.-Loading wo men of the city inaugurated a fight against a troupe of female variety performers. They celled upon tile council yesterday and asked them to prevolt the performance, but that body iefused to interfere. They then armed themselves with pitchforks and rakes, scraped the bills from the boards and satisfied themselves somewhat by declaring that men who attended the show should be social outcasts. Stage Rlobbers Active. REDDINn , Cal., Oct. 21.-Postmaster Hoe, of Milville, brought word this morning that the Redding and Alturas stage had been robbed by two masked men. The express box and mail brgs were rifled, but the loss is unknown. 'Iwo men have been arrested on suspicion of having robbed the llsdding and Weaverville stage yesterday. SHave you noticed ' oe t hning whit umn Al bI That stalwarte orm II w . : S MoQuacd's an old man now. a AI, me. I caanot beihiv this yout It as tono moh to belit . Id sooner think the autumn letvem a d quite forgot to leaveo g Or that the stately poplar bo`h ? Hadc cesed, perohauee, to b l . SThanbeliele unplieasnt rumoerd SMicQuai's an old man now. I cannot plature that mustache So handsome, so brunette Of any other color and twelve º Years of life I'd bat That Hunter is mistaken and I'd undertake to vow There's nothing in the story of MoQuaid's an old man now. "When Mount Helena tumbles down Or the Davis case is won Or tin plate talk is ended Or Slavin stops his tgn I'll then be willing to admit Providing there's no row There's something in the rumor of MoQuard's an old man now. "Let's irrigate," says the Butte Miner. Thanks. This is the sort of suggestion that one would expect from Butte. As John Maguire is in Idaho we will be obliged to dispense with the usual small bottle. Col. Reed, the esteemed editor of the esteemed Inter Mountain, thinks it is high time for the citizens of Helena to adopt measures to protect themselves from the policemen. The polleemen of Helena are all right. They have demonstrated their ability to protect the city and themselves at different times. Billy Kay, the well-known court interpre tar, dropped in our office yesterday to learn the latest society gossip from China. He was somewhat surprised when he was in formed by a Foo Chow exchange that five o'clock teas in that city are now served at a quarter after five. During his call Kay informed us that there is nothing new con cerning the proposed Irish invasion of China. He says there is no time on earth when a Chinaman cannot whip an Irish man. Mr. David G. Browne, of Fort Bention, is authority for the statement that Editor W. iI. Todd has disposed of his interest in the Fort Benton River Press and has re turned to his native state, Louisiana. The genial editor has hosts of Montana friends within and without the lines of journalism, who hope that the time is not distant when he will return to us. They earnestly hope he will appreciate the fact that the mor asses and bogs of Louisiana are tb the mountaips and altitudinous atmosphere of Montana as a justice's court suit is to the Davis will case. Henry Villard flashed into town last evening like an electric current and flashed out with quite the same speed. He did not even find time to drop into the office and return the little ten dollar note that he borrowed a few years ago to pay for the Mullan tunnel. Do not forget the coming benefit for Offi cer Grogan. It is unnecessary to rehlarse reasons why this brave guardsman of the public peace should have the biggest benefit ever given in this town. The story 1i of course familiar to all and we should how our appreciation of his good work 14 the purchase of a ticket. The entertain t, which is under the charge of capable people, will be worth more than the price. Charlie Sotero, the Greek nobleman who runs the peanut stand in front of the Atlas, pur chased a ticket and commented as follows: "I payee de mon too quick. DIe ones police whp hav goods nerve getta shot is de gooda man. I sella de barrel peanut to helps him." His Honor Mayor Klei.schmidt having shown himself an inventor of very unusual resources, we suggest that he study out some system to confine council discussions to actual business. Of course this would be rather tough on some of our city states men who are trying to break into the United States senate, but they must wait until their turns come. Manager Walker, of The Helena, is ex hibiting on his marble counter a potato oi abnormal development. Mr. Walker takes particular pride in showing this vegetable because it is largely the result of his own labor. Last year he inaugurated the habit of rising at five o'clock in the morning and putting in two hours of good solid work in the garden before breakfast. HIe planted this potato, hoed it and due it up last Mon day morning. He is as proud of it as Mc Kinley of his bill. Some time ago Toe INDEPENDENT called attention to the necessity of a reform school in this state. Attorney General Haskell, who is on the board of manage ment for state prisons, tells us that such an institution is very badly needed, though the board is doing all to make such a sub stitute as education and employment can provide in the penitentiary. It is pretty hard to send a boy of any age over the Srange, but it seems much worse when you think that he will be forced t3 associate with matured and hardened criminals who delight in bringing youngsters to their own level. The Society of the Framers of the Constitution, which will meet in this city next month, includes several members of the legislature and the occasion would be most opportune for discussion of this sub ject. An Unpopular Iteceiver. CORVALLIS. Ore., Oct. 21.-T. Eggenton Hogg, receiver of the Oregon Pacific rail road, appeared in the state circuit court to day to show cause why he should not be re moved. A petition was filed by the em ployes, who have claims Iaeinst the com pany amrouuti ng to near yIl100,000. The judge ordered the road to be sold assoon as proper advertisements can be made, and the pro ceeds applied to the payment of employese. The attorney for the bondholders an nounced that he would file a petition for the removal of RIeceiver Hogg, accompanied by an assurance that all operating expense. and wages due employes would be paid if the court apeointed a new receiver satis factory to the bondholders. The matter was continued till November. A Stampede was Started. YONrcwS, N. Y., Oct. 21.-There is much excitement in the city to-night over a run on the Yonkers Savings bank, made this afternoon. A report was started thr,t the bank was in financial trouble and a rush was made by many depositors, and, al.. though the officers promptly denied the re port, at least two thousand persons drew out deposits, amounting to about $200,000. Discharged Employee lnspected. ATorIesoN, Oct. 21.-T'Y e office of the Mis souri River Stone company was blown to pieces this morning with giant powder. Twenty men were working in a quarry near by and were covered with debris, but noons was serionely hurt. As theis was powder in the office t he explosion is supposed to be the work of d ischarged employes and a re ward has been offered, Will Pay Commlsslons. CirrAno, Oct 21.-A confldential circular has been issued to agents by General Agent McDonnell, the of New Ontario A Western Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- 2hlnk 0f the vast sums re tions. , ceived by Helena men as profits man dividends from these same Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road.center and bound to remain enterprises. so. aThen say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in -store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary f capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your lBecauSe Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it Is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and \sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. Wp also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. * Wallace & ThorRburgh,. **•*DENVER BUILDING,i... .Broadvway and Warren Sts., J-elena, Montana road, notifying them that commissions will be paid on all prepaid orders secured by them on trans-continental passenger busi ness. This has created much surprise. as the road is one of the trunk lines that signed the agreement to pay po commis sions itself and no no busainess with any road that does. What the board of rulings will do about it is now a question. Agent for the Northwest. BALTrzMoE, Oct. 21.-At the regular monthly meeting of the board of directors of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad it was an nounced that Emmons Blaine had been ap pointed general agent for Chicago and the northwest, with offioes at Chicago. Cyclonic Weather. NEW YonK. Oct. 21.-The Furnesia, from Glascow reports cyclonic weather. One cabin passenger had his skull fractured while the ship was lurching. Two in the steerage died and were buried at sea. RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly34r rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. • PATENTS. . United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law. Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont. JACQUEMIN & CO. Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. GANS & KLEIN Stanley says: "I owe my preservation of health while passing through the Dark Conti nent to the wearing of DR. JAEGER'S under vear." The manufacturers of the best goods throughout the world always seek out the best house in each city to sell their wares. The fambus DR. JAEGER came straight to us, and we control the sale of his pro ductions in this city. They have done more for health than any dozen other agencies ever known. In fact, in a changeful climate they are almost the only remedy to ward off disease. The new fall and winter weights for women, men and children are here in improved shapes; Keep healthy, wear wool next your body the year round. GANS & KLEIN, Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.