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TaERM$ OF SU](BCRIPTION.
Daily [ncluding Sunday] per year..........10
Daily lincldilng Sunday] six months...... 5 00
Daily [including Sunday] three months.... 50
Daily [excluding Sundayl per year........ 900
Daily [eucluding Suaday4 per month...... 15
Sunday only [in advanol per year......... 2 50
Weekly [In advanc eonly per yar......... 00
Daily by carrier, per week. [..aen iusenl., U
HELENA, MONT., OCT. 23~ 1891.
IMontanians abroad will always find T1u
DAILY lDICPuaDxarr on de1 at their favorite
hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New
Yerk: WestA Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace,
.San Francisco: McDermott, Butts; Leland Hotel,
It is a terrible disease, this earth
hunger that is constantly gnawing at
the vitals of the great powers of Europe.
The citizens of our great republic enjoy
no greater boon than their freedom from
its ravages. Upon the unfortunate
peoples who are its victims it entails the
costliest sacrifices. It necessitates the
support of immense armaments both by
sea and land, it wrings their hard
earned money from the poor, and it
takes from civil life and its possibilitles
some of the best years of the youth of
the land. At present it is absorbing the
brightest political intellects of which
England and Russia can boast. Mate
and checkmate are the cries that are
constantly being exchanged over the
chess-board of empire. Attacks and
feints succeed each other with a rapidity
and change of base that prove almost
bewildering to the outsider. In Euro
pean politics England may still be said
to keep the lead of her old-time adver
sary. It is true that the government of
the czar achieved a brilliant triumph of
diplomacy when it secured from its
hereditary foe of Turkey even a limited
concession for the passage of its war
vessels through the Dardanelles. But
when Salisbury rose to the occasion and
occupied the island of Mitylene with
a naval force the countries once more
stood quits. Meanwhile, England seems
to have regained her wonted influence
at the sublime porte, and the sultan has
signified to Russia his disapproval of the
proposed passage through the Darda
nelles of a ship of war with the Grand
Duke George on board. If the porte, as
alleged, is preparing to fortify the Rus
sian entrance to the Bosphorus, we are
perfectly safe in assuming that England
is behind the sultan's movement, and is
desirous of proving to the czar the res
toration of her former prestige at the
"sick man's" court.
But while in Europe England is rest
ing safelyon the terrestrial end of the
political see-saw, Asia sees her high in
air and straining every nerve to regain
her lost position of equality. Thwarted
in Europe, Russia has resorted to one of
her favorite moves, and threatens Eng
lish interests in the east. Every ad
vance of Russia .towards the Indian
empire sends a thrill of suspicion and
alarm through England. For many a
year the English government has made
it its business to subsidize the ruler of
Afghanistan and maintain him as a
friendly buttress on the north against
Russian aggression. So far the policy
has met with a fair amount of success,
but the English are far from satisfied
with the safety of their buttress. On
its boundaries towards the north and
northwest Afghanistan is still a very
vague quantity, and the absence of defi
nite limitations in that direction has
given to Russia one more of the oppor
tunities she loves. A Russian force has
entered Pamis, and England and China
both are on the tiptoe of anxiety. The
strategio importance of the plateau is
considerable; its commercial or agricul
tural value, absolutely none. It is, in
fact, a kind of wart on the northern
brow of the Afghan empire, round which
the three political mosquitoes are
angrily buzzing. No better proof of the I
tyranny of this earth-hunger can be im
agined. Here is a portion of God's
earth that may embroil three empires in
war, and bring sorrow and suffering to
numerous homes. And for what? For
the roof of the world, as some one has
aptly styled it. For a country 10,000 or
12,000 feet above the level of the sea,
obliterated for the greater part of the
year beneath a shroud of snow, and ac
cessible for but a short period by passes
that teem with dangers. The citizens
of this great commonwealth have many
things to be thankful for. For none,
however, more than for this, that the
wisdom of Monroe shielded us forever
from the possibility of the mania that
makes the plateau of Patmis an object of
desire to any nation under heaven.
A STRANGE THEORY.
We had always understood that the
heads of the colored race were hard. Jr
fact, their impervious nature was a mat
ter of immemorial schoolboy tradition,
and formed the basis of one of our raci
est scholastic anecdotes. To our callow
minds there seemed a world of quiet
humor in the remark of the colored gen
t man, who was hit on the head by E
fl ling brick. Looking up to the care
less bricklayer, who was nervously an.
ticipating results, he remarked with the
utmost coolness that it was no fault of
his if the brick were broken. If there
was any thoughtlessness for the feel
ings of others in our appreciation of the
story, there was none in the spectators,
when the winter months came round
and we were up to our ears in mud and
football. What triumphs were not open
to a colored team on the foot ball field!
He would be a daring player indeed who
would venture to stop a colored rush by
a fair and square tackle above the waist.
How the colored head would crash into
his ribs and his wind! But maturer
consideration forced the belief that the
foot ball rules, to which we swore allegi
noce, had never been built for the use
at e allwed saelt r the trippla sor
the -haaa of sa opponent, and our
ooilentve wisdom resolved that onch an
abuse of nature's opportuatth. we
neither right notr permissible. t wau
be equal to holding our tonRues, when
the prof.ssor was out of the "hool
room. If the colored mal could att~pir
the vulnerable head of the white playSr,
surely the latter might be allowed to
retaliate on the tender shins of his
But the knowledge of colored anatomy
is extending. Head hard; shins tender;
these were the cardinal articles of our
former faith. But an assistant coroner
in Omaha has extended indefinitely the
impervious region of the colored man.
The discovery came about thus. A col
ored man had been residing in a public
rAsidence and at the public expense.
Some little difficulty he had had
induced him to accept for a time the
hospitality of his friend, the sheriff.
Late one evening a number of his fellow
citizens dropped in on his solitude and
invited him to come forth and discuss
his trouble with them. He had no
choice. He went. His visitors were not
gentle reasoners. In actual fact, they
clenched their arguments with injuries
that would have killed a white man. It
is true that the colored man is dead,
that his back bone is broken in three
places and that his body is a mass of
wounds. But he did not die of trifles
like these. The assistant coroner has
examined his heart and is satisfied that
he died of fright. We have no wish to
doubt the good faith of the oliotlal.
What he said, he said upon oath, and
we must presume that he believed his
own statement. But he has created a
terribly bad precedent in favor of Judge
Lynch and his escapades. There have
been many curiosities in the shape of
western jury verdicts. Men who formed
the central figures in necktie parties
have died before to-day of heart failure
and similar deadly infirmities. But the
assistant coroner of Omaha beats the
record in a canter. Back broken in
three places and dead of fright!
THE resignation of Dr. John Hall 1
from his connection with the affairs of
Union Theological seminary of New a
York was as indicative as it was bnex- i
pected. Our eastern contemporaries are 3
quite unanimous in thinking that Dr.
Hall's action means his belief, that Dr.
Briggs, while not altogether orthodox,
is not a heretic and should not be driven
from the church. Dr. Hall's position, in
the Presbyterian church is so command
ing and his influence so great as to give
reasons for believing that his late action
may result in practically ending the case
of the plaintiff against Dr. Briggs.
THE latest terpsichorean production
is known as the "jubilee." Candidates
of both parties in Ohio, Massachu- a
setts, New York and Iowa are busily
at work picking out the intricacies of
the various steps. As some will dance
and others pay for the music the affair
will in addition possess some of the I
interest attached to the new social
diversion known as the "guess" social.
QUEEN VIOTORIA proposes to run the t
domestic affairs of Windsor castle to
suit herself. In her old age she has
formed a sud den antipathy to tobacco
and has therefore ordered it prohibited
within the castle walls. This will come
rather hard on the prince and Batten- .
berg, but they are so pleasantly situated
in the way of sinecures that the depri
vation should not be very great. C
GOOD SHORT STORIES.
On a summer day, when the great heat
had caused a general thirst, a lion and a
bear came at the same moment to a spring
to drink, says the Texas Siftings. They
fiercely disputed which of them should drink
first, and were soon engaged in a quar,
in which one did not gain much advantage
over the other, while both suffered very
much. On their stopping to take breath
for a fiercer renewal of the strife, they saw
some crows on the fence waiting to feast on
the one that should fall first. They at once
made up their quarrel, saying: "It is better
for as to make friends than to become food
of the mugwumps and independents." The
beauty of the foregoing little fable is that
the reader, according to his politics, can
apply it to Blaine and Harrison or to Cleve
land and Hill.
A fine-looking old gentleman walked
down the aisle of the Star theater the other
evening. There was nothing in his appear
ance to indicate that he had led a pastoral
existence. In fact, he looked very much
otherwise, and might well have been set
down for a well-to-do retired busi
ness man. The usher led him to the
row in the orchestra in which his seat
was. "Third seat from the other end,"
said the usher, handing the old gentleman
his check. The seat was turned back, as
theater seats always are when not in use.
The old gentleman crawled over the feet of
the people sitting between him and his seat.
Then he sat down, not on his seat, but on
its upturned edge. He did not look com
fortable on his narrow perch. He was a
large man, and, sitting as he was, he loomed
up a full foot above those around him.
People began to snicker. They thought it
was funny. Just then the curtain went up.
A young woman was sitting right behind
the fine-looking old gentleman. She might
as well have sat behind a board fence, so
far as seeing the play went. She was equal
to the emergency, however. Leaning for.
ward, she touched the old gentleman on
the shoulder. "Excuse me." she said
sweetly, "would you please rise for a
moment." The old gentleman did so with
a gracious smile. The lady reached over
and shoved his seat down into its proper
position. "Thank you," she faintly mur
mured. The old gentleman said nothing,
but the tittering around him brought the
blood to his face. He seemed to wish that
the floor would open and bury him from
sight. It did not, so he sat down and at
tempted to lose himself in a study of his
Strange, isn't it, what yarns will be oir
culated about election time? asks the New
York Advertiser. A certain satesman, who
recently paid a visit to the executive at
Washington, and who is now stopping at
an uptown hotel, says that he was intro
duced to Baby McKee by Postmaster
Wanamaker. Master McKee hasn't
begun to'go out to school yet, but he has a
private tutor, who has explained to him all
about schools. I)ring this particular
sald Mr. Was
"'caseu it only Owie wr '
Late mi the nlterview "3eaht btli*
inquired whether the strange vie wh a
"A bachbelor" repeated the uible a,
surprised tone. "Why, what do yt hiow
about a bachelor?"
r"A bacelor," replied the preoeieuea
ehl, t i a man what has no Wtif. noar
wants no wie, -'or on't get no wieti seeP'
sad then be sipped away to tfondAehtl
Fits Hugh Oweey, the comedies, iteves
that the Amerlean policeman l a striking
national type, says the New York ommimer
clal Advertiser, and studies him aeudu-a
ounly-in an entirely amicable and unpro
ftesional way. teveral nights ago while he
was disoneuing life on the force with the
bould bhoy in blue who twirls a leoaset in
the neighborhood of Thirty-third streetand
Broadway, an over-ripe case of inlsbtety
hove in sight. After a series of emuolesful
endeavors to keep the pavement from ty
ing up and hitting him he elapsed a lamp.
post to his bosom and began to warble a
"bay cully," said the policeman, bearing
down upon him, "do you play checkekere?"
"Sheokere--y sh--outersite l"
"Den it's your move."
By the fitness of things the electrical ap.
peals ought to be brought before the cir
cuit court.--Baltimore American.. ,
There's a vast difference between wreck
less railroading and reckless railroading,
thanks to our hardy language.--Albany
There are a hundred good lessons you can
learn from the falling of the leaves. One
is that when you take a drop too inuch you
are likely to be picked up.-Baltimore
It is a well-established principle of eco
nomics that the young man who would get
up with the sun should not stay up later
than 10 o'clock with the daughter.-Lanoas.
Friend: And who is this beautiful silver
service from? Bride: That is from Put,
Asunder & Co., the celebrated divorce law
yers. They also sent their divorce circa
"Hullo, Gerty! You've got Fred's hat on
and his overcoat." "Yes. Don't you like
it?" "Well-it makes you look like a
young man, you know, and that's so effemi
,OFFICER GROGAN'S BENEFIT.
A Great Success and Will Net Him a Sub
The benefit tendered to Officer John J.
Grogan at Ming's opera house last night was
one of the most successful affairs of the kind
held in Helena. Every seat in the house was
taken. The receipts were $887, and as the
expenses are very light the wounded officer
will receive a substantial token from the
citizens of Helena of their appreciation of
his fidelity. Mr. Grogan's brother officers
are entitled to great credit for their efforts
in promoting the benefit. To the Helepa
Catholic Dramatic company too much
praise cannot be given. It was an
agreeable surprise to many to witness
the clever " work of the amatqgrs;
a stronger company composed' of
local talent has not been seen at Ming's.
It was the first time that this excellent
company appeared to such a large audience
which was composed largely'of veteran play
goers and whose praise is significant when
bestowed upon amateurs. Miss Bella Klei
made a charming Louise Falconer and
easily won her way to the hearts of the
audience. Her acting surpasses that of a
number of professionals who have been at
Ming's. J. M. Moriarity, R. J. Gallagher,
J. J. Wall, H. Lndoke, William Loftus M.
M. Donoghue, K. Beadle, Miss Mary
Beadle and Miss Annie Dunn, the
other members of the company,
came in, for their share of the
applause. Each role showed careful and
conscientious study. The musical part of
the entertainment was a splendid treat.
This feature was furnished by the Helena
Elite orchestra of sixteen pieces, under the
able management of Prof. J. H. Zimmer
man, who wields the baton with consum
mate skill. Just before the curtain raised
upon the closing act Chief Justice Blake
appeared on the stage and extended the
thanks of Officer Grogan to the people of
Helena, his fellow officers, the dramatic so
ciety, the orchestra, Manager John C. Rem
ington, and all who had so kindly contrib
uted to make the occasion a success.
Mrs. John J. Grogan desires to express
through THE INDEPENDENT thanks to many
friends for their kindness during her hus
band's sickness, especially to Marshal Sims
and members rf the police force, the Cath
olic Knights of America and the Helena
Catholic Literary society.
The New York Philharmonics are coming
and the tickets for sale by members of the
Y. M. C. A. are going very fast. The Phil
harmonies are undoubtedly the finest mu
sical organization in the country, and Miss
Marion Weed is indeed one of America's
finest singers. An eastern paper speaks in
the following highly complimentary terms
of this celebrated club:
The New York Philharmonic club visited
Albany last evening, and appeared at Twad
dle hall to give the first of the Young
Men's association entertainments for the
present season. The hall was completely
filled by an audience that was remarkable
for its size and culture, and especially for
its careful attention to the minutest details
of the beautiful music interpreted. No
one left the hall until the last bar was fin
ished, and a pin might have been heard to
drop during pianissimo passages. When
we add that the Philharmonic club far snr
passed our most sanguine expectations, it is
merely saying that the concert proved thor
onughly delighted in every respect. The
members of the clnub performed with such
universal excellence that it would be a dif
ficult and thnakless task to criticise or dis
criminate. The concerted selections were
given with perfect taste and finieh, and
with a volume actually surprising in such a
small orchestra. Indeed, it is not too much
to say that the same effect could not have
been attained by three pr four times the
number of indifferent artists. 'he Phil
barmonio completbly filled the hall.-Al
bany, N. Y., Journal.
The Daily Times, Bowling Green, Ky.,
tas the following: The Nose family, in
;heir comedy, "A Quick Match," at Potter's
)pera house last night, was something out
,f the ordinary course, and was the most
ielightful entertainment of the kind ever
iven in this city. 'I his is saying a good
leas when we consider the fact that the
lest shows that appear at Louisville and
Nashville are secured by the enterprising
managers of the Potter oper opera hous. The
tudience showed its appreciation by fre
quent and long-continued applause and
several members of the wonderfully gifted
family were called before the footlights for
the third and fourth time.
Uncle Tom's C(abin.
Monday evening Uncle 'lTomi's Cabin will
,pen at Ming's. The New Orleans Unole
rom's Cabin company comes well recom
mended by the plesr wherever they have
appeared. Hanlk Goodman, one of the
:elebrities of the cast, is known all over the
United Htates. No doubt Ming's will be
rowded during the engagement. A mati
nee will be given Tuesday afternoon.
Albpular LnvetalSent i
HEUEJNA JREAi ESTATE!
Because Helena is a live town. money for their inception and
Because Helena is already, a support.
business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re.
tions, ceived by Helena men as profits
Because Helena is now.a rail- and dividends from these -same
road center and bound to remain enterprises.
so. Then say, if you can, that itel
ena has no great future in store
Because Helena is the tempo- for her.
rary capitaf of Montana. f
Rather, take advantage of your
Because Helena will be the opportunities and secure some
permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still
of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in
one of the richest in the union. position to reap some of the pro.
Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful
progressive and thoroughly alive growth.
to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city,
Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and
the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making
city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We
material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and
steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We
gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate
flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al
Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for
ing oapital. every customer. A personal in
vestigation of the properties listed
Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. We also in
prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of
tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena
pendent upon Helena men and properties.
SWallace & Thorrburgh,.
Broadvvay and Warren Sts., Jlelena, Montana
RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES
Well improved and thoroughly ir
rigated, on fine range. A great
W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK.
S- PATENTS. .
United States and Foreign Pat
ents obtained and any information
EDWARD C. RUSSELL,
Attorney at Law.
Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont.
: Dealers in :
Complicated Watch Repairing,
Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu
factured to Order.
Call and Examine Our Stock. No.
27 Main Street, Helena.
EXECUTOs' HALE--IN TIiE DISTRICT
S court of the First judicial district of Monta
na, in and for 1,ewis and ( lark county.
Notice is hereby givr-n. that in pursuance ,of an
order of the district court of the 1irat judicial
diatrict of Montana, in and for Lewis and Clarke
county, made on the 11ith day of bte tember.
A. i). 181U. in the matter of the elstate of William
Kelly, deroaaad the uondersigned, eecutora of
the estate of said William Kelly deoeased, will
sell at private sale, to the highes bidder for cash,
on Monday. the 2d day of hovermor A. I). ttl1.
at 10 o'olock a. in.. at the otflt.e of the clerk of
the district court aforee d. at the court houer in
Helens, Montasn, the followlng deocrlbed min
ing property, Io-wit:
One-half (), Intrreet in the Railroad lode, one
half (4) interest in the Unirnillelode. and oeo
third (Hit interest in one hundred (100) feet of
the Mclatyre lode, all situata in Untooville,
al.e and t.(larke county, Montana; also one
sIxth (l-6) Interet in the ladtlltons claim and
one-aixth (1-6) interesort in tih Itigthland claim (an
oextension of the the (iladetne) situate on the
divide between Irwis and Clarke and Jeffaeton
healed bids will be received at the office of the
odrk of the district court aforesaid nopt said
Id day of Novembsr, i8. at tO a. m.
WILLIAM L. STEELE,
fiCIIA EL KILtY,.
GANS & KLEIN
"I owe my preservation of health
while passing through the Dark Conti
nent to the wearing of DR. JAEGER'S
The manufacturers of the best goods
throughout the world always seek out the
best house in each city to sell their wares.
The famous DR. JAEGER came straight
to us, and we control the sale of his pro.
ductions in this city.
They have done more for health than any
dozen other agencies ever known.
In fact, in a changeful climate they are
almost the only remedy to ward off disease.
The new fall and winter weights for women,
men and children are here in improved
shapes. Keep healthy, wear wool next
your body the year round.
GANS & KLEIN,
Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.