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The Helena independent. (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, November 11, 1891, Morning, Image 1

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orth lain Street.
Helena's cry is-"We need a pay
111 Manufacturing is what we
uire." Well, we have insti
uted the pioneer Shirt Factory
f Montana. We have an ex
rienced corps of operators,
ho live in houses, eat gro
eries, patronize meat shops and
aakeries; wear dry goods and
hoes, and we call on landlords,
cars, butchers, bakers, dry goods
nd shoemen, and in fact all who
interested in Helena's pros
rity, to have a dozen or a half
ozen shirts made, and keep these
perators busy and encourage one
f the pioneer industries of the
Everybody with the perceptive
bilities of a two-year-old will rec
gnise the fact that there are two
rnds of clothing business. One is
e noisy and sensational, while
e other is the conservative and
eritorious. One deals in the
ham and showy style of the 'cir
us' outfit; the other gives thought
o the exact style and satisfaction
f the customer. One will tell how
hey sell goods for less than cost,
e other argues on the best. quali
y, and endeavors to persuade the
ublio that in the genuine is the
atisfaction. One deals in sidewalk
licitation, button - holing the
asser-by, while the' other, relying
n the merit of his goods and the
orrect principles of the day,
ekes his general appeal in the
egitimate manner and does the
alance of his business inside his
It is a sad commentary on the
ondition of business to think that
eChatham street style of business
still in vogue in the city of Hele
a and that it meets with any pat
nage whatever.
We will this week, to dwell on
the merits of some lines of Over
coats-this 'week in store; and
while we affirm not one is sold at
less than cost,' there is not one that
a merchant in the city of Helena
can or will meet in the prices we
all the run of men's sizes from
3 to 44, in several shades; but the
ne on which we build great hopes
o being rapid sellers is the seal
rown-one at $15 and one at $18,
xactly the same quality as the
oods we sold last year at $20 anz
24. We caught a great drive in
see goods, and our customers are
'in with it."
he bottle green is a nobby thinS
nd we have it in popular price, as
ell as the finest grade. We prob
ably show as many lines as any
two houses in the oity, and there
fore it is extremely difficult to come
into our store and ask for anything
in the regular line and not find a
full assortment.
We show undoubtedly the finest
line of Overcoats in the city, how
ever do not confine our attention
to the more costly goods, but give
equal attention to the popular
lines, ranging from $12 to $18.
We only ask comparison of
prices quoted by competitors with
prices we name. Call on every
elothier in town, then see what we
offer. We don't say: "We do as
well;" but we say, "We do bet.
We show a nice assortment of Fur
rrimmed Astrachans, Storm Coats
end Dress Coats, in fact, whatever
lees to make an assortment com
hortli Main Street.
Two Very Important Provinces Re
fuse to Remain Under a
Have Declared Their Independence
and Will Bet Up Republi
can Governments.
reeling in Brashl That Da Fonsee. UHu
Violated the Constitution-A Clash
of Arms Inevitable.
LoDnoN, Nov. 10.-A dispatch received to
night from Pernambu45 brings further
alarming intelligence regarding the condi
tion of affairs in Brazil. There is no doubi
the situation arising out of the assumptior
of dictatorial powers by the late presideni
of the republic, Deodora Da Fonseca, is
rapidly approaching the point where a re.
sort to arms will be necessary to establish
the position of dictator. Dispatches of
yesterday showed that there was a feelins
of discontent prevailing everywhere
throughout Brrzil, Republicans see in
this last move of Da Fonseca an at
tempt to override the authority vested
in him by the constitution. So stroni
has the opposition to Da Fonseca grown
that yesterday it was announced the im
portant province of Rio Grande do Sul had
declared independence. The dispatch just
received shows that steps will have to be
immediately taken to prevent, if possible,
the disintegration of the republic. The
province of Grao Pare has followed the ex
ample set by Rio Grande do bul and to-day
declared independence. Grao Para is one
of the most important provinces in Brazil.
The independence movement will probably
be followed by similar deelaration
by the province of Bahia. Dietator
Foneosa is moving rapidly to suppress
these attempts to set up separate govern
ments, and has ordered a war ship to pro
ceed with~ut delay to Rio do Sul, to take
such action as may be necessary to prevent
the province authorities from carrying the
declaratioa of independenee into effect. It
behooves him to move with alacrity for
already a man has been named in connec
tion with the contemplated presidency of
the province. He is Silvence Martinez,
who, during the last revolution, was ban
ished from the county. He afterwards was
allowed to return. Silvence Martinez with
out doubt possesses greater political influ
ence than any other man in the province.
It is.cnly with difficulty that Brazil news
is secured unjless it is favorable to the dic
tator. It id affirmed that the manager of
the London and Brazilian bank in Rio
Janeiro took refuge at the English consu
late against official peseoution for hi.
alleged efforts to lower rates of exchange.
President Fonseca has published
a decree making expulsion the penalty for
resisting the diotatorship. Only a portion
of the navy favors Fonseca. Admiral
Mell, a strong republican, has protested
against any change in the form of govern
ment. All attempts to hold meetings are
frustrated. The dhambers were dissolved
forcibly. It is alleged that President Da
Fonsecs intends to reduce the number of
deputies to 180. Exchange is falling in Rio
de Janeiro.
Irresistible Fury of the Storm-Extent
Becoming Kuewn.
CALouTA, Nov. 10.-Farther details re
garding the cyclone which passed over this
part of India on Monday of last week show
that the damage was very extensive. Be
sides the loss of seven lives occasioned by
the sinking of the India governmment's
steamer Enterprise, which foundered at the
Andaman islands, and the killing of sixty
convicts, there has no doubt been a large
loss of life at other places along the coast.
Advises from various parts of the Orisua
province in Bengal state that the cyclone
passed over that section of the country
and did great damage. It cleared a path
through forests, uprooting gigantic trees
and hurling them aside as though they were
reeds. No house could stand the terrible
energy of the gale, and every dwelling or
structure within the path of the evelone
was either sweam from its foundation or
turned over. The wind also did much dam
age below Calcutta.
The city is situated on the east bank of
the Hoogly river, the western branch of
the Ganges, The Hoogly river empties into
the bay of Bengal. A large number of ves
sels were at anchor off the mouth of the
Hoogly river, and in such a position that
when the gale suddenly burst it was im
roseible to save many of them. Numbers
dragged their anchors and were carried
ashore, and others were damaged by the
pounding received from the enormous sea
which accompanied the storm. No eati
mate can as yet be made as to the total loss
Df life, but it will be very large.
Extravagances of De Mores.
PAgs. Nov. 10.-The Duo do Vallom
brossa has brought action before the first
chamber of the civil court, in which he
asks that his son, the Marquis do Mores, be
placed under control of a conseil judiciare;
that is to say, his property shall be put in
the hands of a trustee to .prevent him from
squandering it. The petition is joined in
by Marquise do Morea, who, by the way, is
an Ameriocan, and who was Miss Hoffman,
of New York. She asks for the separation
of her personal estate, amounting to 50,000
francs a year, from that of her husband,
which, though originally amounting to 500,
000 francs. has been greatl7 reduced by tho
payment of his debts, Th petition outs
forth the various ways in which Mores dis
sipated his fortune. In 1889 he undertook
an exploring journey to Tonkin, with a
view of establishing a railway through the
French possessions. During the same year
and in 1890 he undertook a political cam
paign in which a great deal of money was
spent without any other result than to in
volve the marquis in an nasnosessfl and
costly lawsuit. The case was heard to-day
by the court, which will not render a de
cision untillnext week.
Severe Weather in Europe.
LONDON, ]Nov. 10.-Winter is commencing
with unusual severity in eastern Europe.
There has been a black frost in southern
Russia, which It is feared will ruin the
winter crope. All the mouatains in Greece
are covered with snow and severe frosts
have cocrsed.
A dispatch from Adria, on the Mediter
ranean in Andalusic, states that the town is
threatened with a geat disaster through
the heavy rains and inoeceant gales pro.
vailing in that vicinity, Much damage has
already been done in the surrounding coun
The Wasting Failue.
BT. PaEmReRMUa, Nov. 10,-The note of
men rendered desperate by hunger are in
creasing in Russia. Hundreds of men em
ployed on the railways in Kanowas and
Voroness have plndered the freight traine
and maraude the country in gangs, lack
isfarmong n mansiuol The mortsilty
children from typhus fever an
baner is frightful A woman at Gheal
killed p three children and hanged
herself on the refusal of a rich neighbor to
lend them money to prevent their starving.
Royal Silver Weddlag,
By. Pyrnasassu, Nov. 10.-The czar cele
brated his silver wedding yesterday at Liv
idia in an entremely quiet manner, the oc
easion being marked by no state festivities
of any description. The event occasioned
much hearty comment and congratulation
throughout the empire. In the largest cit
ies the day was celebrated by many ban.
quote and in the evening by a number of
Sire in the Barracks.
PAans, Nov. 10.-Dire ba9 out to-day in
the military barracks n, in the de
partment of 8aone-et- d two thous
and rifles were rend irely useless
and a large quantity iiitary stores
Oiut Comparatively oew Preight Cars
Equipped With Them.
New Yoanx, Nov. 10.-The committee ap.
pointed by she last national cont'ention of
railroad commissioners to secure congres
stonal action looking to uniformity of
safety appliances for railroad cars met
this morning, four members being present.
There was a large attendance of railway
men from all parts of the country. Chair
man Crocker opened the proceedings by
reading replies which the committee had
received from companies representing 125,
000 miles of railroad concerning the kind of
automatic couplers and brakes used on
freight cars. They fix the total number of
freight cars in the United States at 978,000,
of which number only 129,800 was shown to
be equipped with automatic car couplers.
Chairman Croaker said that in the opin
ion of the committe imperative action
should be taken by congress to hasten and
insure the equipment of freight care
throughout the country with uniform auto
matie couplers and brakes. In coup
ling or uncoupling cars there were killed
during the year ended June 80, 1889, over
800, while 6,757 were injured. During the
following year 860 were killed and 7,841 in
jured. Col. Haines, president of the
American Railroad association, reminded
the committee that the association
was now engaged in making the master car
builders' coupler, the vertical hook, the
standard codpler throughout the system,
that type having been agreed upon as best.
Baines said there were 1,200,000 freight
cars in the country, only 200,000 of which
are equipped with automatic couplers. The
cost of equipping the other 1.000,000 would
be $25,000,000, and Ave years' time at least
would be required. The aggregate cost of
fitting up cars with airbrakes the country
over would be $50,000,000. These things
must be considered.
Arlon, a Two-Tear-Old, Trots a Mile
in 2:10%.
STOCKTON, Cal., Nov. 10.-Palo Alto made
a race against his record, 2:08%, to-day, but
broke twice and made the mile in 2:104.
Arnon, the world's best two-ye r-old, made
a wonderful mile. Golingagaianthisresord,
2:14K, he trotted a mile without a skip in
Old turfmen say Arion's performance
was wonderful. This oolt, which is one of
Electioneer's, came to the Stockton a few
weeks ago with a race record of 2:21, and
at the first attempt reduced his mark to
2:15%, beating the world's two-year-old
record, 2:18. then held by Sunol. Marvin
drove Arlon again, reducing his record to
2:14%, which all horsemen said would
never be equaled unless Arion himself
could beat the mark. To-day, driven by
Marvin, and aecompanied by a runner,
Arion.made a mile in 2:10%. It was the
greatest race against time ever seen on any
track, for it was a square and fair trot from
start to inish. Everybody gave Marvin
credit for his training and handling of the
greatest colt on earth.
Late this afternoon Marvin trotted Palo
Alto a second time. The horse was not dis
tressed by the irit fast work and the see
ond go was a wonderful mile. The stallion
started at a terride gait with a runner be
side him. He made the quarter in :31%,
the half in 1:03%, then slowed up a little.
reaching the three-quarter post in 1:36%,
and fnished without a skip in 2:09%, only
a quarter of a second behind his beat mark
and half a second behind the world's record
held by Allerton.
Beuniugs Races.
WAnnioTON, Nov. 10.-Five and one-half
furleags-Lost Star won, Umpire Kelly sec
ond, Baccarat third. Time. 1:10%.
Six furlongs-Holmdel Colt won, Dara
second, Ninonu third. Time. 1:17.
Six and one-half furlongs -Watterson
won, Cerebus second, Noonday third.
Time, 1:21%.
Six furlongs-Basteed won, George W.
second, Pliny third. Time, 1:15.
Mile and one-half- Larohmont won,
Martohoyte second, Count Dudley third.
Time, 2:40;x.
Nashville Races.
NAsavILLz. Nov. 10.-Mile and seventy
yards-Capt. Jack won, Consignee, second,
John Morris, third. Time, 1:55.
Mile-Ruth won, First Lap second,
Grandpa third. Time, 1:49.
Handicap, thirteen-sixteenths of a mile
Ed Shelby won, Juliua Sax, second, Blaze
Duke third. Time, 1:29.
Handicap, mile and 100yarda-Hydy won.
lioka second, Dollikens third. Time, 1:57.
Five furlongs-Sam Farmer won, Buck
hound second, F. G. Murphy third. Time,
Chicago Races.
CHICAoo, Nov. 10.-Six furlong s-Kanga
roo won. Forest Belle second, Yucatan
third. Time, 1:21%.
Five furlongs-Spectator won, J. B.
Fraud second, McDearmon third. Time,
Mile-Norwood won, Unlucky second,
One Time third. Time, 1:5614,
Six furlongas-Blue Banner won, Jonnie
9. second, Big Casino third. Time, 1:25.
Five furlongs-Miss Patton won, Fred
Knox second, Intruder third. Time, 1:06Y.
Made Poiuts Against Time.
INDEPENDENCz, Iowa, Nov. 10.-Several
food points against time were recorded here
uo-day. To boat 2:19%, Idolf trotted in
1.19%4. Allerton was sent a fast mile, mak
ung the first half in 1:04i and the last in
1:07. Track and day were against him.
Cuomng or the mlissard.
MINNAvouLs, Nov. 10.-Soecials to the
rribune from point. in North Dakota show
ghat there is a general snow storm in the
state, Blamnrtk said that at 8:t10 to-night
bhe wind was blowing tifty miles an hour
tad a blizzard prevailing. Devils Lake re
iorted that snow fell all afternoon and that
he prospeet were good for a blizzard at
tight. At Dickinson snow had been fall
ng since noon and the temperature was at
he freezing point.
Duck Hunters Drowned.
VanMILow.LO, . D., Nov. 10.-Yesterday
afternoon while thre men were out on the
iver duck hunting, their boat sank with
hem. H. Sibert and John Brinkman died
oon after being taken from the water.
L'he third man was tahed. They were all
onahierably wider the lailaonce of liquor.
The Combination is Quite Euphon
ious and Falls Trippingly
From the Tongue.
Congressman Springer Bays the
Latter's !lleotion Puts Him
Right In IAn.
Illinois Is Counted Doubtful, With Strong
Democratic i5tUastions-A Big
Corn Crop.
Wesrnnoroxr, Nov. 10.-"Illinois is now a
doabtful state with a probability that she
will go into the democratie column." Thus
spoke Representative William M. Springer
as he sat in the library of his home which
overlooks the capitol. He was just back
from six weekseof the hardest campaigning
he had over done in his life and was now
ready to take of his coat for the speaker
ship struggle.
"I base my view on the fact thatlowa has
given snab a large democratio majority.
Like cause. produce like effects. Iowa is
alongside Illinois and the two states have
tendenoies and interest in common, so that
I construe the democratic tendency in Iowa
to indicate a similar tendency in Illinois,
which is sure to find expression at the next
election. I spent six weeks in Iowa during
the hottest period of the campaign and
covered 2,700 miles.
"It gave me an opportunity to get at the
tendepey of the people and I am convinced
that the prohibition question had very little
to do with Gov. Boise' election. Wherever
I went the people insisted on hearing the
tariff question discussed and not prohibi
tion. The democrate got their full gains
on prohibition prior to the last election, so
that their large gains last Tuesday must be
attributed to the feeling in the rural dis
tricts in favor of a reduction of the tariff.
The rural districts of Illinois are affected
in the same way as those in Iowa, and it
certainly makes Illinois a doubtful state
with a leaning toward the democratic side.
"The election of Gov. Boies puts him in
line for the second place on the presiden
tial ticket. Cleveland and Boies sounds
very well, and I have met with many demo
orate through the east who are talking of
this combination. Iowa is now entitled to
more consideration by the democrats as a
doubtful state than Indiana. Iowa gave
9,000 majority for Boies, while Indiana gave
2,Q00 majority for Harrison. Under those
cirduspstances Iowa is more of a doubtful
state than Indiana and deserves more at
tention than Indiana in looking for presi
dential timber. At one time I feared that
Mr. Cleveland's anti-silver expression
miigbtfjojure.his chances for renomination,
but-thi prominence he. took jn the Flower
campaign in New York has brought about
a general feeling among democrats that Mr.
Cleveland will be the nominee."
Mr. Springer is not conducting a brass
band speakerehip fight. He is making no
claims and has not as yet determined on
his plan of campaign. Mr. Springer ex
pects that an effort will be made to drag
the World's fair into the speakership con
test. The New York Sun has been harping
on his opposition to the centennial loan,
and has endeavored to show that Mr.
Springer could not stultify himself by sup
porting a loan to the Chicago exposition.
Mr. Springer declines to state what his
position is on the loan question, as he says
he has come to no positive conclusion and
his views might be used by other speaker
ship candidates as a club against him.
One of the Largest in Volume-Average
About Twenty-Six Bushels.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.-Statistical return,
to the department of agriculture for No
vember make the corn crop one of the
largest in volume, with the rate of yield
slightly above an average of twenty-six
bushels per acre. The condition has not
been very high at any period of its growth,
but it has been quite uniform, with no
record of more than 10 oer cent of disabil
ities from all causes. Planting was irregu
lar and late in many places, growth tardy
and uneven, and fears of drought or floods
or frosts were very generally felt in the
latter part of the season. Storms in some
sections threatened loso, which was minim
ized. Drought in others checked growth,
which was stimulated again by opportune
seasons of moisture. Frosts made an early
threat of disaster and then delayed appear
atce through the entire month of Septem
ber, which was warm and forced the drying
out of soft corn and the shrivelling of im
mature growths. The result is well
ripened crops, somewhat variable in qual
ity, with a moderate proportion of chalfy,
unfilled and immature growth. The east
ern and western ends of the belt, Ohio and
Iowa-Nebraska, gave somewhat better
yields than Indiana, Illinois or Missouri
and Kansas. Lower levels of the great
corn belt suffered more from thethreatened
drought than higher elevations.
The highest rate of yield as estimated ap
pears in New England, from thirty-five to
forty bushels per acre, and in the surplus
corn states the figures are: Ohio 33.7, In
diana 82.0, Illinois 81.2, lowa 30.7, Missouri
29.0, Kansas 26.7, Nebraska 31.3.
Frost in August wrought some injury in
the northwest: In Minnesota the yield is
2(.3, in North Dakota 27.2. Both drought
and frost conspired to reduce the yield in
South Dakota to twenty-two bushels. Much
of the crop is yet In the shook and the con
dition and rate of yield may be somewhat
better known after garnering and market
ine, yet it is evident that the product will
not make less than thirty-one bushels per
unit of population.
The October condition of potatoes has
only boon equalled once since 1880, and the
average yield, according to these prelimi
nary estimates, has not been surpassed in
ten years. It averages'3.9 bushels per aore.
Hay has made nearly an average yield and
is of medium quality. The tobacco product
is above the average.
The Bering Sea Dispute In a Fair Way of
WAostNoiow, Nov. 10.-The public was
taken into the confidence of the diplomatic
branch of the government this afternoon in
the continuation of the hearing in the Say
ward ones, and the first annonnonieent
made that the prolonged diplomatic cor
respondence between Suoretary Blaine and
Lord Salisbury had resulted in an agree
ment by which, with the consent of the son
ate, the pending dim ute over seal fisheries
in 13ering sea would be definitely settled.
Holicitor General 'laft, who was adrdresing
the court, made the first intimation. He
stopped at this point and when Justice
Gray desired some more explicit
statement as to whether an agree
menut upon arbitration had been
actually reached, the sollcitor-general has
itated to reply and intimated that perhaps
he had revealed more than he, not being a
cabinet offeer and belg authorized to
speak only on legal questions, should have
done. Therespon Attorney-General Miller
himself iaterposed and not only eubstan
tiated all the solioitor-general had said. but
went farther and announced that the gov
ernment had effected the agreement. This
was practically the first announcement
made as to the rogress of Bering ea go
tiatious since hie last correspondence was
made public showing a difference of opinion
between the two governments as to the
points of arbitration. It was surprising
that the news should first come out in an
argument in court, and the attorney-general
was asked after adjournment if he would
throw some light on the subject.
"It is true an agreement on arbitration
has been reached," he said. "Yes," he
added, "the matter has been settled be
tween the two governments, that is, subject
to ratificatioa by the senate."
"What are the points of arbitration?"
"I cannot say any more than I said in
court. Why don't you go to the state de
partment? Yes, you can state as a fact that
an agreement has been concluded."
Solicitor General Taft was next seen, but
would only confirm what the attorney gen
eral had said. "In the last corre
spondenee, you know," he said, "there was
simply a diference between the two govern.
ments as to points of arbitration. Well,
correspondence since then has resulted in
a treaty which now only needs to be ratified
by the senate."
Operations of th tints of the United
States Last Year.
WAsRINoTONc, Nov. 10.-Director of the
Mint Leach has submitted to the secretary
of the treasury a report of the operations
of the mints and assay offices for the last
fiscal year. The value of gold deposited
was $59,025,678, against $49,228,828 for the
preceding year. Deposits and purchases of
silver aggregated 71,849,668. standard
ounces of coining silver, valued at $83,880,
154, against $48,568,135 for the preceding
year, an increase of $40,065,019. [he coin
age executed at the mints wasthe largest in
the history of the mint, aegregating $119,
547,877. The mines of the United 8tates
yielded during the last year precious met
als as follows: Gold, commsrcisl value,
$32,855,500; silver, commercial vs Iu, $57,
225,000. lhe produce of gold and silver in
the world during the last c lendar year
was: Gold, $1U6,009,000; silver, $134,886.
000, commercial value. The coinage of
gold $149.118.959, of silver $181,980,621.
The director estimates the stock of metallic
money in the United States on Nov. 1 at
Cases Postponed.
WAsmNoroN, Nov. 10.-The United States
supreme court has postponed until Nov. 30
the argument in the three cases involving
the constitutionality of the McKinley tariff
act and also the case in which the act pro
vides for the classification of worsteds,
which is attacked on the ground that the
speaker had no right to count a quorum in
passing this bill.
High Velocity of the Wind on Monday
Evening, Followed by Snow.
Signal Officer E. J. Glass, in charge of
the Helena station, says the high wind in
Helena on Monday evening was of a cy
clonic character. According to his record
at 6:25 it attained a velooity of sixty miles
an hour, but this was only for a minute.
The average velocity from six to nine p. m.
was thirty-six miles an hour. After that it.
dropped down until at 10 it was blowing at
the rate of eighteen miles an hour. The
snow fall which followed only amounted to
.26 of an inch, while the lowest tempera
ture was twenty-four above. The coldest
so far this season, except last night, was on
Oct. 2, when it dropped to nineteen above.
Last night at about the supper hour the
mercury stood at 15.7.
Talking of the state weather service, Mr.
Glass said he had already a number of sta
tions on which he could count, but he was
anxious to cover the whole field. There is
some difficulty in getting volunteer observ
ers, as those latter are asked to buy their
own instruments, which cost about $20.
He suggests that those who would be bene
fited by the reports and city councils or
county commissioners might all chip in and
buy the instruments for the volunteer ob
server. The stations at which arrangements
have been made, or where observers are
now stationed are Miles City, Fort Buford,
Fort Assinaboine, Fort Custer, Poplar
River, Castle, Choteau, Coster, Deer Lodge,
Fort Missoula, Fort Shaw, Glendive and
Martioedale. Mr. Glass has been in the
service for ten years, his last station being
at Cairo, Ill. He made the first weather
map published by that station, and is
anxious to publish one for Montana. He
has made application to the chief signal
officer at Washington to do so, and if the
Helena Board of Trade will take the matter
up Mr. Glass believes his request will be
granted. He considers the Helena climate
as something phenomenal, and believes that
i; a daily map were issued, showing offi
cially just how pleasant the winters are
here, it would be a great benefit to the
Parting Worids of a Man Who Could Not
Beat the Bank.
BUrTE, Nov. 10.-[Special.]-Six miles
beyond Silver Bow in the most desolate
part of Silver Bow canyon, the body of a
man was found to-day swinging from the
limb of a Ar tree. The body had evidently
beenAesre a week or ten days, and has been
noticed since Sunday by trainmen of the
Montana Union railway, who thought it a
dummy. This morning Conductor Stark
and Trainm an Garvin went for a closer in
spection of the strange object and were
horrified to fnd it a dead body, partially
eaten by magpies. The ears were eaten off,
the eyes were pocked out and the hands
were eaten away, while the face was
black. The man was evidently
a Swede, well dressed, apparently 27 years
old. A letter in Swedish was found in his
pocket, addressed to no one and signed with
no name. In it he sayb that after twenty
seven years of life he has found nothing in
life worth living for, and has concluded
that death is better than life, as being re
lief from a world of misery. He justifies
himself in his course by a number of argu
ments, mentioning among other things
that he had lost $400 at the faro table. Lie
concludes: "Farewell, miserable world!"
The only clue to his name are the initials
"F. 1'." on his shirt front.
One More Unfortunate.
MXCsouLA, Nov. 10.-tspecial.]-Gypsy
Brooks, a member of the demi-monde, well
known in Helena and Butte, in some man
ner last night took an overdose of mor
phine, and notwithstanding the efforts of
four physicians, she died from its effects.
The evidence at the coroner's inquest do
veloped that for some timq she had been
drinking heavily and that" she took the
morphine as the usual remedy in such oaes
among her cloes. The verdict of the jury
was in accordance with the above facts.
Indloted at olehe City.
BoBsa CITY, idaho, Nov. 10.-The United
States grand jury to-day indicted Annie
Campbell, the woman arrested at Sand
Point, Idaho, a few days ago for passing
counterfeit money. It il thought she is
one of a large band of counterfetters oper
sting in Montana and western states.
National Conventions Representingu
the Two Classes Are Now
in Session.
Opening Proceedings of the S. of
L. Annual Meeting at
Toledo, Ohio.
Favorable Reports From Offeers sa4
Committees-The Farmers' Congress
in Session at Medalas, ao,
Totano, 0., Nov. 10.-The Knights of
Labor convention met this morning. Gen
eral Master Workman Powderly was re
ceived with rounds of cheers. General See.
rotary -Treasurer Hayes' report showed
that, though expenditures of the past year
were swelled by several extraordinary out
lays, the revenues were sufflent to nseet
all demands. He hopes the Oder may bare
a respite from strikes and labor troubles,
so the general officers can attend to the ed
ucational work. The total annual receipts 2
were $90,085, expenditures $102,474; balance
on hand at the beginning of the year 18kL
658; balance now in the treasury. 61(,285,
The general executive committee's report
states that there is a growing feeling in
England and other countries. in
favor of autonomy and recom
mends that this should be granted.
A number of letters were read from the
order in South Africa and New Zealand,
where it is growing rapidly. The board
has prepared a full statement of the dif
culty with the government bureau of en
graving and printing at Washington,
which will be distributed to delegates. The
board complains that labels of the order
are counterfeited systematically and as the
law affords no sufficient protection, asks the
appointment of a special committee to de
vise means of remedy. The report con
gratulates the order on a membership of
270,000, but cautions against reckless ad
missions of members. This evening a for
ma 1 reception was given the general officers
and delegates at Memorial hall. The ad
dress of welcome was delivered by Mayor
Emmick and responded to by Powderly.
In Session at Sedalla-Two Causes of De
SEDALIA, ]o., Nov. 10.-The eleventh an
anal session of the Farmers' congress began
a three days' convention here this morning
with 275 delegates and a large numbr of
visitors in attendance. Thirty states and
territories are represented. Wood's opera
house, where the congress is held, was elab.
oratey decorated with farm. prodents.. T4
welcoming addresses were delivered by
Gov. Francis, Mayor Carroll, of Sedalia,
and Frank B. Meyer, president of the Se
dalia Commercial olub. They were re
sponded to by Hon. A. W. Smith, of Kan
sas, Col. Daniel Needhim, of New England.
and B. T. T. Clayton, of Iowa, secretary of
the Farmers' congress.
In the absence of President Kalb, of Ala.
bama, who was unavoidably absent, Vice
President Smith. of Kansas, presided.
Gov. Francis, in his address of welcome,
said that class legislation had been one po.
tent cause of the depression of the agricul
tural interest. This depression had been
of long continuance and it was time now
that the farmer was given recognition in
the councils of the nation. There were two
great questions, the proper solution of
which would tend to ameliorate the farm
ers' condition. One was the improvement
of the great water courses, which would
farnish cheap transportation for farm pro
ducts. The Missouri river could be im
proved at a cost of $20,000,000, a sum small
compared with expenditures of the billion
dollar congress. The other question was
the improvement of country roads, which
would furnish good transportation for
small farmers to the nearest markets.
Vice-President Smith, in his response.
agreed with the governor that the great
water courses should be improved, both in
the interest of the farmer, manufacturer
and merchant. Twenty million dollars was
a small amount to be devoted to the im
provement of a big river like the Missouri.
He was not alarmed, he said, at any billion
dollar congress. He thanked God be lived
in a country where the appropriation of a 2
billion dollars by one congress would not
bankrupt the treasury. The agricultural
interest was the greatest interest of the na
l ion and legislation should take it more in
to account than it does.
Those on the Belt Line Declare a Itrlke
5'robable Consequences.
ST. Louts, Nov. 10.-The engineerseand
firemen of the Belt line have just declared
a strike. This will probably spread to
other lines. as Mr. Arthur has stated that
no freight will be handled by the brother
hood going to the Belt line or to Wiggins'
ferry. There are but fifty-two engineers
and firemen in the employ of the Wiggins
company, and a strike of them alone would
not amount to much, but the Belt line han
dies nearly all frieght sent over eastern
roads for this city, and a tie-up of the Belt
line would leave an immense amount of
freight consigned to St. Louis and seriously
affect the trade of this city. Then, too, if
the men on other roads refused to haul oars
consigned to or from the Wiggins ferry, as
Chief Arthur says they will, the roads are
very apt to attempt to force them, and if
they do, a strike on the big western roads
would result. The strike has been ordered
for noon to-morrow.
The World's W. C. T. U.
BosvoN, Nov. 10.-The first of the pre
liminary meetings of the dual convention
of the World's and the National Woman's
Christian Temperance unions, which opens
Friday, was held to-day by the executive
committee of the World's Woman's Chris
tian Temperance union. Miss Willard ooc
topied the chair. Representatives and
delegates are present from every quarter of
the globe. 'ie executive business in
cludes plans of work fur the coming year
in all parts of the world. Variousdelegates
gave interesting reports of the temperance
movement in foreign lands. It was voted
that the name of the organization should
be The World's Woman's Christian Teme
perance Union.
Dishonest Undertaker.
CmIcAoo. Nov. 10.-A general digging up
of corpses interred by a leading undertaker
is expected as the result of an arrest made
to-day. The prisoner was Undertaker X.
F. Rodgers. He is accused of systematically
burying two corpses to a coffin. Rodgers
held a contract to inter deceased inmates
of the public institution for dependent
children and it is alleged that he saved hib
self expense by hiding little bodies one at *
time in the costly linings of massive uase
kets provided for wealthy customer An
instance brought to light a fortolg tago.
was declared by Rogers to be merel ev1i
dence of a plot by lecharged smplq yt
ruin him.

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