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seadCby aaleCte ~it*Qt 02. islile (lemuanly. WlyP nroaa deeinega the month eS5 served Dally [Including Sendayl three months.... 9 60 Daily [excluding Su.dayi vear ....... 9 V Daily lexludiRg Uundayl per month . se Bunday only [in advan.oel per year..... . 2 It Weekly [in advance onlyl ser year . 5 00 Daily by carrier, por wak. iarn esoes.. 01 HELENA, MONT., NOV. 17. 1891. $;!"Montanians abroad will always find Tan DAnIr InsNI)KW.)rr on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avoenue and Metropolital. N. Ben Franoisoo: MeDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Springfeld. Ill. MUATl HALAd D says: The er..... e after is republican." Undoubtedly. It will be full of them. And the Montana state stealers will preside at the fire. place.in a r........ UoLY rumors of fraud in the Indian agencies coma from several lquarters and congress could not do a better work this winter than ordering a thorough overhauling of the affaire of the Indian burkau. Turn on the light! THE Boston Herald wants to have in struction in typewriting introduced in the pubic schools. A very foolish sug gestion. What the public schools most need all over the country is an unload ing. Too much is attesmpted to be taught in them now. ITagenc is to be regretted that Henry Vil lard could not return by way of Helena to tell of the great things he has in store for Montana--greater, he says, than any new railroad enterprise. It is a good guess that it was more irrigation thut Mr. Villard meant, and we are as sured that he intends to do for the state even more than he promises. WRILE Chictgo ostensibly is not mak ing a push for the republican national conveo uld not return be surprising if she got it. With a four-cornered fight between Cincinnati, San heranisco, Min neapoe foand New York the committee may compromise on Chicago as the eastest way out of their difficulty. And it unquestionably is the best convention city in the world so far as publi coare as evieience is concerned.omises. GENERAL Chicago ostensibly is ARREN, memk-ber ing a push for the republican national committee for Montana, proposes to vote for Min neapolis a a plce for holding the na tional convention of his party. In the he reflects the sentiments of the people of Montaquestiona, we are sure. The rest conventiof the country has not yet aroused to the importance the great northwest is as suming in national affairs, and a big ote for Minneapolises is a good way of showing it. THE state democratic central commit tee has just issued a neat and handy little book entitled "The Tariff and the Silver Dollar," designed to present the tariff and slver question in a simple and attractive form by means of a series of questions and answers, which may be readily comprehended by those who have been unable to give either of these questions a thorough study. It is a book hatmshould be in the hands of every voter, young or old, who desires to cast his ballot intelligently. Hon. T. E. Col line, book Great Faills, chairman of the the comlittee, will be glad to mail cop-the tiesa free to any person seing himple a posd tal card. IT was a queer thing for the attorney general of the United States to be the first to announce the understanding be tween the United States and Great Britain in the Bering sea matter. Usage and etiquette both demanded that the secretary of state should promulgate this news, but Mr. Miller, evidently with an understanding with his old partner in the White house, rushed into the su preme court where the Bering sea case was on trial and broke the news. The motive for this action was apparent when the superserviceable administra tion organs all came out simultaneously with praise for President Hlarrison for his able diplomacy in settling the con troversy. The Blaine organs are having their inning now and are showing that the secretary of state is really entitled to all the credit for the adjustment, he having completed the negotiations with England while the president was on hii junketing tour across the continent last spring. If Brother Blaine wants to keep his laurels he will have to put them in a safe deposit vault under a time lock, that will not open until after the adjournment of the national repub lican convention. THR people of Montana will heartily co-operate with Messrs. Altonbrand, Ruppert and their associates, who are establishing a colony of Holland farners in the Gallatin valley for the purpose of extending the cultivation of barley in that wonderful agricultural region. The first of the colonists, seventeen families, averaging four persons each, of thrifty and well-to-do settlers, will arrive at Manhattan about the middle of next month. These will be establinhoed in comfortable winter quarters provided by the company, and in the early spring about thirty more families will join them. It is expected that by another summer 10,000 acres will be sown in barley and the great industry, which is destined to add so much to Montana's wealth and development, will be fairly under way. The Manhattan enterprise if successful, and failure is an imipossi- bility, will be the means of bringing hundreds of other colonists to our rich valleys where farming can be carried on under more profitable conditions than in any other state of the Union. A hearty welcome to the progressive New York strong1-i Aeta u i the 4c : ·t*ý 'tho devorai le islature of Miohi of -ttal trid aey .t wiltl se.t .. hi oallinr $6pidar atttrtib ,' oral discontent wlth thhe present aob electoral system. The Pioneer PFera believes that the popular vote of the country should have admething to do with determining the proportion of electors of each party. It says: "If it were not for the imbecility of the pre vailing law, which says that the entire vote of New York State, enough to give the majority to one side opthe other as a rule, shall be cast in conformity with the majority of the popular vote, that is to say that 1,000 majority in the state, or 500 or fifty, shall determine the filling of the presidency, even against an im mense popular majority on the other side in the rest of the country, we should not hear of anybody proposing to use the Michigan idea instead. If the plan so often urged were adopted, and the electoral vote of each state, just as it stands, were divided between op posing candidates, in exactly the propor tion of the popular vote cast for each in that state, we should have a method so just and so satisfactory that there would in future be no chance for a Michigan plan, and no agitation for eleo. tion of a chief magistrate by direct pop ular vote. The consideration of this de sirable reform, which must be agreed'to by both parties and be made universal in its application in order to insure fair ness, should be begun soon and seri ously." We quite concur in this opinion. It would result as a rule in a majority of the voters of the land securing a presi dent of their choice. Tilden and Hancock, and Cleveland, in 1884 and 1888, re ceived the votes of a 2najority of the American electors, yet in 1876, 1880 and 1888 the minority candidates were sueo cessful. By all means let the constitu tion be changed if necessary, or our laws so amended that the will of the people will have the fullest and fairest expres sion. I The Diana of the Tower. Now that the gilders have clothed the Diana on the tower of Madison Square gar den with a suit of gold, and the unseemly awathings of canvas have been removed, it is possible to judge of the artistic value of the statue. Certainly the architects and the soulptor are bold men to make so much of a weather vane, for the art in it is likely to be ignored because it is merely a weathercock and because it flies so high above our heads. There is something un dignified about a weatheroook, moreover, turning restlessly as it does, and damned forever by the various proverbial expres sions to which it gives point. This has not restrained these courageous persons from presenting New York with a vane before which all other weathercocks pale and dwindle. The brazen lady who skips about on the roof of the dogana at Venice is not so shapely as the New York Diana, nor does she explain herself so well against the sky. She is not easily understood at first; indeed, she apvears to be a somnambulist who has awaked in broad daylight without so much as a shift to hide her, and is snatching fran ticallv at a sheet which the wind has filled like a sail and is about to carry off. The nude lady of the dogana is not in a hurry, and therefore she suits perfectly the atmos phere of Venice. Our Diana, on the other hand, is a true American; for she is in such haste that even while taking aim she can not stop, but must risk a miss for the pleas ure of being on the move. Forever seeming to fly past the tower, with one toe just graz ing the gilded ball, she also swings con stantly this way and that in a way that Di ana herself might not approve. If we suppose that the Venetian workman intended a sarcasm at the expense of wo man with his ever-changing damsel; if the vane on the dogana means donna a mobile. may we also suppose that our Diana sym bolizes women of a different sort, vet equally changeable of mood? The dogana of Venice displays a copper Venus; the pleasure palace of New York a virgin hunt ress. The one is a type of passive women who are content to be loved; the other those whose active nature seeks occasions to pierce men with the shafts of ridicule. The Venetian vane represents the woman of the old times; the New York vane is based on the women of the New World, Only in one point has Mr, St. Gaudens be lied his country women. The drapery of his Diana, such as it is, could not assume a stiff, cast-iron outline like the handle of a teapot or the loop of a pretzel. 'The sooner this defect is mended the better. The nudity of the Diana by Mr. St. Ganu dens might not suggest itself as nakedness to ordidary minds were not Philadelphia always with us to reprove, exhort, and, by example, teach. Morality, personal and political, is at a great height in Philade - phia, so that none need feel surprise to learn that our Diana is considered a sign of "the depraved artistic taste of New York," because she is clad "very much eH Mr. Keats depicted her in his poem." that is to say, as she showed herself to Endym ion. But that is a mistake on the part of Philadelphians, who gladly spring to the attack of New York. Neither in look nor in drapery is there a suggestion of Diana's one frailty; she is all severity and lively grace; from the expression of her counten ance it is plain that she is bent on striking some came more detestable than stag or shaggy bear. Her every gesture testifies that she is on the track of Act;,,on, a pru rient creature who peeped at the goddess and her nymphs. AcLtwon to-day would live in Philadelphia.-New York 'limus. Wiomeln In Trouosers. Anglo-Saxon men and women of the tenth century were clothed similarly, and tih Itonuan costume, of which no oine can be a greater admirer than ailpreciative Charles Dudley Warner, is externally ,almest iden ticale for both sexes. )Dr. lHamnmond vre scribes trousers for all women who do ma0n ual labor, except such as is strictly confined to the hands, lie thinks sowing iimachines should never be worked by womnon iii skirts and he reserves gowns for the drawing-roomn and ball-room, relegating saleswonoen, physicians, surgeons and nurses in hospitals to trousers, giving as one argament that "flowing drapery worn by the woman phy sician and nurse is more apt to absorb con tegion than the closely fitting trousers of man, and hence renders them carriers of disease from house to house or from person to person." There are trousers and trousers. 'lThe trousers of Europe and America are neither useful nor ornamental. They are an ex crescence, and the sooner men return to the breeches of their forefathers the better. e Howevyer, ilua why ri: empitre? tar tet : t! healthtal and cbr* S thau* whioh the lovely Empresp J zmade as famlliUa? ": I this, a fa the ola perfect d Sof notet Greece--the wast line low the bosom, few elkrts are n a hoopl nd bustles are ioaesible. t-tin wol W*tole not abeolutei in teir l st.isnee to PAris dremats lej it 'they tletlhi tlshemselvee and to call their bodes theft own, they gwould met in council and make their own fletns. Until publio schoola and private sem aise turn out self-helpful, able-bodied individ unals, instead of rickety parrots stuffed with book-learning, the reign of common aense will be postponed. Bister einners, what are you giaR to do about it?-Kate Field's Washington. PADDY SLAVIN'S PEN. Probably More Powerful Than His flkes -A Letter. LoDON, Nov. li.-Frank P. Slavinbhas written a letter to the sporting world, at which the following is a copy: I leard iluat John L. Sullivan has again returnsed to America and made statements that he is willing to arrange a match with meforol0, 000 a side and the championship In June, 1892. Why doesn't the American cha.pion put it off until 1891? He might juit as well, for I do not believe SBllinan has any idea of meeting me in the prize ring, and I don't believe he ever had any intention of doing so. I have been nearly three years endeyok4 ing to arrange a match with this g.eat pugilist whom theAmerican public believe to be a marvel, bur he avoids the issue with lame promisee and excuses. Sullivan's last statement that he would arrange a match in June, to fight in the fall of next year, is only another of his ex cuses to make the public believe he is going to fight when he is not. In November, 1892, nullivan will probably have anqher excuse, perhaps, that he has retired from the ring. This excuse he made when I challenged him in 1889, over two years ago. The American public should be proud of a champion like Sullivan. He wins the championship in 1882, doesn't fight again until 1888. He falls to defeat Charley Mitchell, who was not champion at the time, but had the reverse end of the argu ment. In 1889 he fights for the Police Gazette championship belt and $20,000, and it takes him seventy rounds to defeat Jake Killain when the latter was sick. I beat Kilrain easily inside of ten rounds, and just when I expect to arrange a match with Sullivan, after waiting nearly three years, he desires to postpone the match for another year. Yon cannot make a champion or any one else fight if he refuses to do so, but why do the American press and sporting men of America uphold such a faint-hearted cham pion? I traveled all the way from Austra lia to America to meet Sullivan at a game he professed to be a kingpin at. I was sat isfied to meet him on his own soil and for the Police-Gazette championship Belt and the championship of the world. I asked no advantage. and was satisfied if he defeated me to shake him by the hand and acknowledge him the better man. He states to my face that he has retired, but he will arrange a match when he returns from Australia. Now he has returned. One day he says he will fight; the next day he changes his mind. I intend to make one more trip to Amer ica, and on my arrival he will either be compelled to arrange a match or make him self look ridiculous in the eyes of theseport ing public. I want no favors but fair play, and will arrange a match for. 10,000 a side, the Po lice Gazette belt, and agree to fight in the California Athletic club or the Pacific club for the largest purse offered. Every true American sportsman will al low that my terms are fair. If Sullivan won't fight I will meet any pugilist who disputes my claim to the Po lice Gazette championship belt, which I hold and intend to defend against all com ers who will put up £1,000. I have been asked to go to San Francisco to meet Cor bett in the California Athletic club. Of : course, it would only be a week or two 1 training and a few hard punches, for I should, no doubt, win. but there is no glory to be gained fighting Corbett, and II do not intend to allow him to make the the loser's portion of a purse after all his gasconade. Sullivan is a great pugilist, and he is the only barrier that stands between me and the championship of the world. I would sooner allow him the credit of defeating me-of course, I do not admit that he can do so, but right the contrary-but I would sooner take chances of defeat by Sullivan than bother with the pillow-pusher, Cor bett. FRANK P. SLarIN. Bidding for Big Sluggers. BOsTON, Nov. 16.-The National Sporting club, of London, through its American agent, Capt. Cook, of Boston, has offered a $10,000 purse and $50Q for expenses to Peter Jackson to fight Slavin, but the fight must come off during derby week in June. Jack son will probably accept the latter condi tion, as the others are acceptable to him. The California club is desirous of having the fight in this country and offers a purse of $12,000, of which $10,000 goes to the winner and $2,000 to the loser. Bragging Jim Corbett. CurcAGo, Nov. 16.-Jim Corbett, heavy weight pugilist, who has a standing chal lenge to the world for $5,000 a side, is in the city. In an interview concerning the proposed match with Peter Maher, he said: "Maher has put up $1,000 forfeit. I have put up $5,000. le asks till Dec. 15 to put up the tull amount on his side. I have no confidence in Maher, and believe he ismak ing a bluff to alvertise himself. I do not think he has the courage to meet me." lDid Not Touch the Mark. STOCKTON, Nov. 1l.-The weather was fine to-day and Marvin started, his horses, but did not lower their recordS. Palo Alto trotted a mile in 2:10%, one second slower than his record. He made a fine race, but broke twice, which lost the mark he was sent for. liis quarters were :321.5,1:04, 1:37%, 2:10%. Marvin maly start him again to-morrow. Bell Bird, the yearling, was sent against her mark of 2:20;i, but broke four times and only made 2:32. Fausta, a Sidney yearling, trotted in 2:40. Vinter Racing. CricAno, Nov. 16,-Mile and one-eighth, hurdle--Bob Thomas won, Winston see ond, Speculator third. Time, 2:28. Six furlonge-J. J. won, (lunshot second, Whittier third. Time, 1:251%. Six furlongs--Kismet won,Jim Dunn sec oud, Itouser third,. Time, 1:25f%. mx furlongs-Notua won, Itay S. second, .Jimn Muzhy third. Time, 1:24%. Mlilo--lighland won, Sir Boys second. 'Lime, 2:00.... Nashvill Itaces. NAnvlnura, Nov. 16.--Six furlon cs-Jack Starr won, Maud B second, Lady BJlaok burns third. Time, 1:10. One third of a mil--Irmland won, J. T. second, Marietta tht d. 'I mle. 1:25. i'ix furlonrt--'T'oan Elliott won, Spring away suecond, Julimm, Max thi. I. 'l'nime, l:1%. One mile--aPut limg won, Qu(lUnie 'Trow bridge second, Velshti third Tlime. 1:48, Five furloug--lluckhound wn,,. Zuotein second, Critic third. '1 ime, 1:01: . Dipll,llllll Isuelld for Variousl Rllums CrNCINNAI Nr . v. .--lr. 1. W. Van Vlock, president of tlth "Medical Uuiver sity of ()hio," was arrested yesterday for issuing bIm,mus diplomas. The "university" has n, buildi"ng and no lectures are given, but Van Vleck issued diplomas to practtice mediciuo for various amounts fromi $500 down to a few dollars. HEL.1A JEJ'` Because Helena is a live town. money for' their inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor. Think of the vast sums re. tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel Because Helena is the tempo. ena has no great future in store ,for her. a rary capital of Montana. be the Rather, take advantage of your Because I-elenwill be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union, position to reap some of the pro.. Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportupities. We believe in Helena as acity, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money mnaking city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A..personql in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and properties. . Wallace & Thornburgh,. **•*DENVER BUILDING,I ** Broadw~ay and Warren Sts., J-llena, Montana RANCH OF 2,000 ACIRES Well improved and thoroughly ir rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. CITY AUCTIONEERS. Household Goods. Horses and Cattle will be sold at public auction at low commiescns. Also auction aalea will be conducted every evening at our place of business, 102 Soutt Main strt, eaorner Wall. Sstreet OLCBERG & RECHNITZ, Auctioneers. JACQUEMIN & CO. Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stock. No. 27 Main Street. Helena. $500 Reward FOR THE DISCOVERY OF BODY OF JOHN M'PHEE, Lost in the mountains in Deer L. die County west of Riminl and south of Ellrston. ,ir. MPhee w ab hut 5 fatr. It Inches In hoeiht, andl weIhd shout Il0 onudl e e he blue oyes, brown hair, e reoduh brownl full beard trimmed medium clue, anr a soar on the right temple, wae last e mn W.ieneday at lrnoun, tttptombsor 10, sheut three nmiles east of the )t. tario uline. lie had l Ovn l.s's and wore m aotk suit or caothes dark prluSg owroost aud darCL spri fiat. i.e carrmed a usold hanting cDe watch withI ris name eugracF on ths Inside case. ,ddr.s.f ifortnlatit to The tirand Itepublt 1linnlnr Co.. Relolan Mont. In e OlE 4eRltelStH Bc atrs Co.,, " tOeO LIlOl.hIOQ A lnftLA. We Have Them OVERGOATS. Now is the time to buy that useful article. You can't buy cheaper later in the season, and you may as well have the full benefit of its use. We have them in CHINCILLA, MONTAGNAC, KERSEY, BEA. VER,. MELTON, and other modern fabrics, made up in ULSTER, BOX .and CLOSE-FITTING SACKS, for Regular, Stout and Tall Jlen. Our line of Mink, Parisian Lamb, Seal, Astrachan and other Fur Coats, is larger than ever. We bought before the recent odvance and will sell accordingly. We have not forgotten the "Little Men" this season, and are showing elegant lines in Boys' and Children's Overcoats. Every desirable quality and style from the cheapest to the most elegant. SSUITS! For Men, Youths, Boys and Children. It is an acknowledged fact that we have the finest and most fashionable line of Suits ever shipped to Montana, in design, quality and workmanship. Many lines were sold out and had to be duplicated. This fact speaks for itself. Come and convince yourselves. Our goods will do the talking. Our customers know this to be a fact. Our store is filled from basement to fourth floor with all the latest novelties. ELEVATOR TO ALL FLOORS. Plenty of Light; no Dark Corners. All Conveniences for Shoppers -GANS & KLEIN.* Leading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashers.