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The Helena independent. (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, November 18, 1891, Morning, Image 1

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$$~N U MwrAqA~Wt0 M~trnQ~ OVZMeR 8~ 891PRIC fl~ QIW?
North Maier Street.
el ena'e cry is--'"We need a pay
',Ct Manufacturing is what we
euire." Well,'- we have .insti'
ated the pioneea Shirt Factory
#, Montanan .We 'have an ° ej
erienoed corps of operators,
ho live ii houses; eat " gro
ries, patronize meat shops and
bakeries; wear dry goods and
shoes, and we call on landlords,
rocers, butchers, bakers, dry goods
nd shoemen, and in fact all who
re interested in Helena's pros
erity, to have a dozen or a half
omen shirts made, and keep these
perators busy and encourage one
f the pioneer industries of the
Everybody with the perceptive
bilities of a two-year-old will rec
gnize the fact that there are two
nds of clothing business. One is
the noisy and sensational, while
he other is the conservative and
eritorious. One deals in the
haln and showy style of the 'cir
us' outfit; the other gives thought
the exact style and satisfaction
f the customer. One will tell how
hey sell goods for' less than cost,
e other argues on the best quali.
y, and endeavors to persuade the
ublic that in the genuine is the
atisfaction. One deals, in sidewalk
olicitation, button - holing the
asser-by, while the other, relying
the;merit of his goods and tbe
eorrect rinciples of the day,
ekes his general appeal in the
egitimnate ~ianner and does the
alance of his business inside his
It is a sad commentary oi' the
ondition of business to think that
heChatham street style of business
s still in vogue in the city of Hele
a and that it meets with any pat
onage whatever. 0
We will this week to dwell on
he merits of some lines of Over
oats-this week in store; and
hile we affirm not one is sold at
ess than cost, there is not one that
merchant in the city of Helena
an or will meet in the prices we
all the run of men's sizes from
3 to 44, in several shades; but the
ne on which we build great hopes a
• being rapid sellers is the seal a
,rown-one at $15 and one at $18,
xactly the same quality as the
oods we sold last year at $20 ana
24. We caught a great drive in
hess goods, and our customers are
in with it."
he bottle green is a nobby thins a
nd we have it in popular price, as
ell as the finest grade. We prob
bly show as many lines as any S
wo houses in the city, and there- v
re it is extremely difficult to come
to our store and ask for anything a
n the regular line and not find a
ull assortment.
We show undoubtedly the finest
mne of Overcoats in the city, how
ver do not confine our attention v
o the more costly goods, but give a
qual attention to the popular
aes, ranging from $12 to $18.
We only ask comparison of
rices quoted by competitors with t;
rices we name. Call on every o
lothier in town, then see what we a
fer. We don't say: "We do as e
ell;" but we say, "We do bet.
e show a nice assortment of Fur- f,
rimmed Astrachans, Storm Coats
d Dress Costs, in fact, whatever
oes to make an assortment com. b
orth Main Street.
Bralilian Troop~ Are Marohlng to
S Meet the "Forces of the
S 'Diotator.
That Young Republio Tdow In the
Smein? of Robellhon and
'A sesatioonal Cable Escapes the olueveil*
lance of uosee's Censor-Chillan
Gowgevanees Set forth.
LOXwox, N y. 17.-The Exchange Tele
graph compaty gives publicity to sensa
tiopal iews fro.t Rio de Janeiro, .Io ex
planatien Is given as to how the nvws was
allowed tobe cabled, and as it is known
that the government has taken complete
control of the cables to-day's ditpatches
are not accepted here as certbein to be accu
rate. The Exchange company's advises re
port complete prostration of the postal ser
vice. It is supposed that this refers to the
general postal service of the republic,
though lt may mean that of the capital.
At the same time the government has put a
stop to the transmission of all press dies
patches by telegraph lines to various cities
of the country. This step is interpreted as
meaning that opposition to the dictator's
rule is growing in provincial centers. In
Rio de Janeiro it is declared that a practi
cal state of siege exists. The city is in the
hands and at the mercy of the dictator's
soldiers. Most stringent measures have
been adopted to vrrevent diporder or
organized opposition to the present regime.
If the report proves to be founded on fact,
it would seem clear that a very large ele
ment in the capital is opposed to the dicta
torship and is only prevented by the strong
hand of the military from asserting itself.
As all papers which refused to support the
dictator have been suppressed, the opposi
tion has no public mouthpiece. News re
ceived at Rio Janeiro, according to the Ex
change Telegraph company's advices, from
the state of Rio Grandes do Sul, is of an
important caracter. These dispatches re
port that the forces of the party of seces
sion are already in the field and parohing
to meet the army of the central govern
ment. The armies are not far separated
and a decisive battle may be expected with
in a short period. Previous advices declare
the army of the seceeders to be 80,000 in
ncnibr. "How numerous the dictator's
forceq ireis-not known.
The -Exchenge company's advices also
give sensational news from Para, It is as
serted that the principal naval and military
oafers stationed in the state of Para, after
jicussion, decided in favor of a declara
n oef in ependence from the Brazilian
union by- that -state; This a~ep~ement in
Para in favor of secession is cbnsidered so
formidable at the capital, according to the
Exchange' company's dispatch, that it is
believed the government of the dictator
will be unable to cope with it. With two
of the most important states of the union
one at4tte extreme south and the other on
the Amazon-in secession, and with threat
ening dissatisfaction in other states, and
with even her capital in a state of siege,
the outlook for Fonseca is not particularly
t Chilltan Estimate of the Copduct of the
a United States.
S SAN Fa.wcreco, Nov. 17.-A special letter
from Valparaiso, under date of Oct. 7, says
there is a general feeling that Chili has
been injured by the United States and that
n the proceedings of the latter government,
a in relation to Chilian affairs, have been, to
a say the least, very injudicious. The letter
adds that irritation has been increased by
the report that the orniser San Francisco
has been ordered to sustain Minister Egan
a in the position which he has taken in re.
B gard to refugees. The letter continues:
"The Herald, of Oct. 5, says the following
a persons are under the protection
a of the Atperican legation, corh
prising the fatal number thirteen:
A. Catapos, Juan E. Mackenna,
Guillermo Mackenna, Gen. Gana Carrera,
Adolphe Ibarrez, liecardo, Vicuna. Vevalro,
o and ilve.others of minor importance. The
a correspondent claims that the contention
is made that it seems strange that they
should have been received; that the United
f States flag should be used to protect the
most cruel criminals who have committed
barbarous crimes eanal to those of pirates
on the high seas, and who now claim politics
as a screen to hide their iniquities." He
adds: "Rumors are in circulation that the
Chilian government has sent the United
States minister at Washington a special
t messenger with dispatches, who will arrive
there in November. and that an intimation
has been made in friendly terms that the
1 withdrawal of Mr. Egan from Santiago
would be agreeable to the Chilian govern
Give of Their Abundance.
ST. PETracsnvUR, Nov. 17.-Reports from
the famine stricken districts of the empire
continue to show the despair and suffering
entailed upon the poorer classes by the
scarcity of food. The government is doing
everything within its power to help the
sufferers. As already stated the czar made a
large donation from his private purse in
addition to turning over the sums of motley
presented to him upon the occasion of his
silver wedding. The czarina, too, has given
freely and other members of the imperial
family have helped to swell the fund for
the relief of the poor. The soldiers of the
Odessa garrison have voluntarily asked
that the daily broad rations issued to them
be reduced one-third for the benefit of the
starving people in the famine stricken dis
tricts. '1he sacrifice for the starving is
general ardeng all classes, and often takes
novel forms.
Will Go After the Paper.
VISNNA, Nov. 17.--In the lower house of
thb reichests to-day several questions were
asked by members regarding the panic t
which prevailed on the bourse Saturday
last, and as to the course the gdvernment
proposed to follow in connection with
stories circulated regarding the emperor's
alleged utterances on the political outlook
It Europe, which, as reported by the
T'1ageblatt, on Saturday, led to the panic.
Count von 'lafe, prime minister, replied
that the matter had been placed in the
hands of the public prosecutor and that
offalicial was taking preliminary steps to
prosecute the authors of the alarming re.
ports which had such a bad effect upon the t
The ouosier Abroad. '
CITY or Maxtro, Nov. 17,-Gov, Hovey, a
of Indiana, during his stay here had a 4
wordy war with C. A. Dougherty, charge /
d' affairs of the Unlted States legation, be. -
cause he imagined he was not receiving
the attention that his position as governor w
of Indiana should command. On the r- (
rival here of the governor'a party, M it
An answer Was reeived urng Mr. Do
r.ty' bsoenee fromtbhe ofloe, and l !f.
0 O But.ter ostiled Gov. Hovey oftieap i
Pio n 'he governor treated him ve17,
shabbily, believing that Mr, Jougho t
should have acquainted him of the appoint.
went is person. The appointment was not
kept. but Mr. Dougherty made another for
the following Monday, when the governor
and bhi party were roeived " by the pres..
dent. One of the absurd things conneated
with the governor's visit to the capital was
that his staff roamed about the city in theirl
uniforms durig his stay here. Theyo were
the subject of keen sarcasm from all classed
especially from the Americans here.
An Army of Strikers.
PArns. Nov. 17.-The miner's' troubles
continue to spread. The men still remain
ing faithful to their employers are not in
an enviable position. Patrols of strikers
have caused riots and officers have been nm
jured. At Lieven troops are on duty to
preserve order. There are now only 1,000'
miners at work in Ple de Calal. The total
a number of strikers is 88,400.
a Orders Declined.
LoDooN, Noy. 17.-The British merchants:
are receiving many Brazilian orders fr
machinery, apparatus, etc,., for developing
the Brazilian industries; but they have de-'
aB ined all of them at present, fearing a fur
ther fall in the rate of exchange,.although
the Brazilians offer to deposit in the Bank
of England an ample amount of paper our
renoy as security.
Election Results.
COartNrrNA. Nov. 17.-Elections for mem
bers of the etorthing have just beenheld.
Figures now at hand show large gains for
the radical left, wl)lch advocates the ap
po ntment of separate foreign ministers for
S weden and Norway.
Fronted by War.
. Eiq Da JANEIRO, Nov. 17.-Fonsea0 has
issued a decree authorizing a special credit
of 18,000,000 milreis, to be expended for
war material.
i- Exciting Adventure or a Pedestrian in
e- Butte-Shot Twice.
BUTTE, Nov. 17.-[Special.]-Fred M.
m Baierlin, an employe of the Parrott reduc
In tion works, had a thrilling.experience with
e- a highwayman shortly before nine opylock
s- to-night. Baierlin had been up tows and.
1g was on his way home. He was fol..ijjg
n- the Mercurystreet electric line and Iwhen
ad some distance east of Arizona street, Where
h- the track curves toward Park, street, he no
re ticed a man who was walking behind him
m suddenly quicken his steps and pass him.
After the man had passed him a few feet he
so quickly turned and pointing a pistol at
'e Baierlin ordered him to hold up his hands.
r Instead of complying with the order, Baler
. lin reached for the fellow and oaaget hold
in of him wii one ndaD, whiw ) th:. i
6i other hbedrew an ordinary cilaspeknitf.pf
so hisJpookeaoand,attempted to open it. The
is footpad struggled to free himself, but was
ur unable to break Baierlin's hold and then
ro deliberately fired two.shots at him. The
- first shot struck Baierlin on the left side of
the head, a little above and to the front of
Id the left temple inflicting a slight flesh
e, wound. The second shot was more effec
ly tive, striking Baierlin in the right breast, a
few inches below the shoulder. The shots
caused Baierlin to release his hold on the
road, agent, who then started to run and
6 disappeared in the directionr of the old
placer diggings to the south. Baierlin is
ir seriously injured. The highwayman has
not been found.
Unexplained Absence of F. HI. Jeffry From
o Missoula.
r MssourLA, Nov. 17.- [Special.] -About
y the 20th of last month F. M. Jeffry, whose
n business is enlarging photographs, left his
horse and buggy at Ferguson's livery stable
and took the train up the Bitter Root val
ley. Mr. Ferguson understood that he
would be gone but a few days, but the horse
and buggy are still in the stable and
nothing has ..ean heard of Jeffry, which
adds another to the mysterious disappear
ances from this place during the past year.
Mr. Jeffry is a man of small statuwe, light
complexion and light moustache.
i Charles Oliphant, while carrying coal up
a stairway this afternoon, bursted a vari.
oose vein, and lost so much blood that he
had to be taken into Bishop & Warden's
store and a physician summoned.
Jew Jake's Victims.
GasAT FALLS, Nov. li.-[Special.]-The
I men shot by Jew Jake are doing as well as
can be expected. Joe Lessard is now con
sidered out of immediate danger by the at
tending physicians, although the bullet has
not yet been found. Marshal Treat's con
dition is more serious, and grave doubts
are entertained for his recovery. A high
fever set in late last night and continued
until this afternoon at two o'clock, when it
abated somewhat. No further effort was
made to probe his wound to-day.
itustled on the Rane,.
Gan.T FALLS, Nov. 17.-[Special.]-Itobt.
English, awell known rancher of Kibbey,
was brought in under arrest to-day, charged
with catching range horses and using them
for work. He plead not guilty and his ex
amination was set for to-morrow before
Judge Race. He will also be prosecuted for
unlawful conversion of property.
Launching or the Whaleback.
WEST Surxatoa, Wis., Nov. 17.- The new
steel whaleback vessel No. 117, was launched
to-day. The 117 is the largest vessel ever t
launched by the American Steel Barge com- a
pany, beinr 1100 feet in length, 83 foot beam, I
and 22 feet in depth. Yesterday 'afternoon I
the American Steel Barge oflicials, includ- t
ing Joseph Colby, Colgate Hoyt, and other 1
prominent men, aceompanied by Captain +
M1Dougall, left for the l'acillo coast on a
special train. It is their intention to com
plete arrangements while there for starting
the town rf Everett, on P1aget Sound. A
small branch of the barge building con- t
corn will be stasted in connection wi t the a
Wholesale Grocery House Burned.
ST. Pur,, Nov. 18.-At midnight fire
broke out in Griggs, Cooper & Co's whole
sale grocery establishment on East Third
street, in the heart of the wholesale dis
trict. The building was soon doomed, and i
all efforts of the firemen were made to-save t
atdolnnlu bulldings. The fire was not a
unsder control at 1-80 s. pn. Grige, Cooper t
& Co.'s stock, valued at over $80,000, is a
total loss. Fully insured. p
The fire also aittacked the wholesale hard- t
were building of Farwell, Qsmun, Kirk & t
Co., just east of Griggg, Cooper & o,.'s and v
it will probably be a to lI lose. 1!
Trusts, TOarM, Transportation, the
Farmer's Worst Enemies and
S Thh1r Defense,.
The Billin Dollar Congress and
s Robber Tariff Vigorously De
nounoed at Indianapolis.
44dresses ot,.BF. Tillmanand L. L, Polk
400.000 People in Co-Operation--The
Non-'artisan Alliance.
ImDIANAJP'oIs Noyv, 17.--The supreme
odcitl of the -1armers' alliance met with
1~D !trlj all of the 1I20 delegates, and 500
I l`gtators, in attendance. J. F. Tillman,
eaoretary of the alliance executive commit
i respond~le to an address of welcome.
`tOr thrnking the people of Indianapolis
ort their warm welcome and paying a trib
`t to President Harrison, he said: "It is
the farming and laboring people who feed
the world ,who,fought the battles of this
country, and to whose energy apd patriot
ism this great and glorious land of ours is
indebted for its richest blessings, liberty
and peace. It is not out mission to tear
down not destroy our honestly conducted
industries, but to overthrow all illegitimate
obmbinations and monopolies that tend to
destroy the very spirit and intent of the
cosaitstitiop, '.We are not here as politi
ciang, seeking 4o disrupt partisan political
. .p , or to pmat ote the fortunes of any
i.il aspiratt, nor are we here in the
eft of gny ,third party, for by our very
organic teaohingsdwe have the right to vote
with whatever political party we may think
will best advance good government."
R.He called attention to the last billion
dollar congress and criticized its expendi
tures, which, he said, were more.than spent
by all congreseds the first seventy-two
years of this government. This, he said,
is more than $8 for every man woman and
child in the United States, to support the
national government, not including other
St*tes levied. Then he said: "How long
wr6ld they endure it if collected dreotlv
from them instead- of indirectly, as it is
now collected, through our tariff? Say
Swhl you please about- the tariff, but it
mu.; annd' shall come down to a reasonable
baai-of taxatitdoa-td these reckless expen
ditures by congress sust be stopped, or we
will continue to raape the personnel of
every congress. Yet 'this is not all, nor is
itit the bottom of that which brought
about the uprising of the. people
in Sall' parts of, this great coun
iry. I can .b.st' illustrate it by
hefi e three Ta, thes first, litter of three
word. 'Thesae ulrds are 'Transportation,
Tarfa t,' .er.. is the trouble. 'and
therea ee shitoh are the first letters
f4hr , h.' Change; (OCtxtrol,'
abuQe us so, much about. I will now tell
you What this oath is,--it is to crush trust.
change tariff, and control transportation."
He thanked God for the Farmers' alli
ance and all kindred organizations, and
then proceeded: "We are are going to suno
ceed in our work to obtain a large circulat
ing medium. We must have more currency
fec- - - -
it; a
n is
tile 1
he I. 1. TILLMAN.
ae and will have it. The farmers of the north c
nd who wore the blue have taken the southern
iclI farmer who wore the grey by the hand and c
ar said to him, 'We have never asked you to
surrender to king monopoly and
ir. partial legislation, but only to pre
qht serve a union alike good for all,' °
and not a brave southern farmer ever sur
up rendered to such circumstances. Though I
defeated, it was but to save the union, and
the chivalry of the entire south to-day is
he determined to preserve the union and con- t
n's stitution at all hazards, and the reselt is
that strife and partisan prejudice are buried
far downward. The Farmers' alliance
means the greatest good for the greatest
number, and is determined to have justice
,he for all and especial favors to none. It
as numbers in co-operation nearly 400,000, and
-. will be held intact as a non-partisan organ
ization. Members of all political parties
may join the organization and it never be
'55 come a third party. There is big political
n- significance in it, but not party politics." N
hts tillman's preference to a non-pamrtisan e
gh alliance caused something of a sensation o
Sand was received with about equal evidence re
ed of approval and disapproval. Gen. J. BI. o
mit Weaver, of Iowa, was called for, and made IA
ras a speech on the general situation which was II
received with enthusiasm. He was fol- ri
lowed by Congressman Jerry Simpson, of w
Kansas, in the senea strain. President a
Willets, of the Kansas alliance, spoke p
h., briefly. ol
At two o'clock the alliance went into execu- ti
' tive session at the board of trade, and the
National F. M. II. A at the court house.
im The open meetings to-day were a dis.
ix- appointment to the alliance leaders and
ire particularly to the third party men, The S
or attendance has not been as large as ex- U
pected, nor the enthusiasm so great. Con. c
flicts of opinion have urison on important
subjects which threaten seriously to inter
fere with the work. While the attendance ol
is small the flght for and against the third I1
party movement is none the less bitter. The oc
sessions of the F. M. B. A. and the alliance
rer this afternoon were secret, but it is under- as
s- stood that the issue was squarely joined in t
I, each and the result in caclt case a drawn in
an battle. Nothing but the final vote can de
I- termine the relative strength of the factions. in
er At the open meeting to-night the attend- th
In ance was less than 1,)000. President Polk ,
a delivered his annual address. wl
n- W. T. McAllister, of Canton, Miss., chair- wi
ag man of the national executive committee of
A the sntisbtreaneury alliance, heads a com
a- mittee to induce the alliance to steer clear
he of the tubtreasury scheme and the third
party idea.
Ahtract ofa His Annual Address- Non
Polltiotl Character. be
S ImANAtcIotSL, Nov. 17.-President Polk hi
in his address romindedl the representa- da
e tive that upon no body, has greater repon- so
at ulbilities rested than on. this, saine the cotn-. o
a tinental congress of 17711, for their strug- b"
Sggles for righti were, no more just than this
to-day against inequalities which threaten o'
to undermine the libertles of the people,
d What are the alleged griovanoene? From
18.0 to 1810 farm values Inoeasd 101 ab
per ha~trct I o to B896, only nine per
.nt. '.e Msarvelte wealth of t.hye country
i toreasedl froi 170 to 8i80over 45 per cent.
The ncrops of 1884 brought less than two per
cent more than crops in 1860. The crops of
18967, though less than half as tlarge as those
of 1887, brought $79,0oo.000 more.
Two-thirds of the country's wealth is not
Iseeed for taxation. Yet the farmer
possessing only '2l per cent., Iays 80
,.er cent, of the tares. With modern
facilities of transportation and improved
machinery, the farmer finds aimself conm
Felled to sell produce at prices barely cover
r incost. Farm mortgages are frightfully
large. In owa the mortgage inudebtedness
is 104 per canita; in Kansas, $165; in llt
note, $100, and everywhere the farmer is
overburdened with debt. 'Therefore the
farmer is now appealing to the supreme
tribunal of public opinion, and asks a Just
decision through the ballot box,
Polk then took up the demands of the
farmers, on which he spoke at great length.
The subtreasury idea, he said has grown
until it is the sentiment of toe order in
thirty-four states. The constitution de
clares that congress slmil have the power to
ie regulate commerce, among others. Money,
th transportation and the transmission of in
00 telligence are essential elements in com
merce. Does congress regulate these? Or
' ganized capital has demanded of Oongress
t and obtained contwol of the volume of the
o. currency. This has resulted in the fear
lis ful augmentation of a centralized
3- money power, to the impoverishment and
It . r. POLK.
1, robbery of honest industry. The supreme
d question before the people is financial re
Sform. The two great partleshave evidently
r sounded a truce and, as in the past, this
g question will be regarded as neutral ground
between them. In this crisis it is the duty
isof every true member of the alliance to
y stand firmly by our prihoiples and to de
it mand of all aspirants for our suffrages an
Ie unequivocal definition of their position on
i. this great principle.
Polk said the growth of the organization
,f was very encouraging. The reoominenda
a tion was made that a conference be had
it withthhe Reform Press association to dis
le ds the most available means-of dissemnin
a. ting reform literature. A pozerful ari
y iliary force in the service of reform litersa
te ture is found in a well regulated lecture
a, system. The demand for speakers is do
d great that it is impossible to supply it, The
rs speaker closed with remarks upon the none
, political alliance. He said the organiza
h o t'in must be kept free frprp ertrisglnsaegt}ý
r ewitth"afiypirty. "It wOild titelerly fatii 1
1I ,its high purposes if degraded into a mere
t party machine, manipulated by desigfing
;m en. When it shall fail to elevate its mem
i- bership above the arrogant domination of
d party mandate the hour for decay, disso
|. lution, death, will have come."
K. of L. Adjourn.
ToLEDno, Ohio, Nov. 17.-The Knights of
Labor general assembly finally completed
its work this evening. During the day a
number of matters were discussed. The
committee on legislation recommended
that the general executive board should use
every effort in agitation in favor of the en
forcement of laws under which, if carried
out, the charter of the New York Central
would be forfeited. It was resolved to pe
tition congress to put finished, morocco on
the free list as one means of reaching the
Morocco Manufacturers t ust, which, it was
said, had combined to destroy the organi
zation of workingmen in their employ. A
resolution was passed sustaining Powderly
in all his dealings with the order and
"against the unwarranted attacks of Fred
Turner, of Philadelphia."
Episcopal (oangressc
WASumNOrow, Nov. 17. *- The Episcopal
congress convened here to-day. Seryices
were held at Epiphany church, Which was
crowded. Communion was held. Rt. Rev.
Phillip Brooks, bishop of Massachusetts,
delivering the communion address. At the
conclusion of the religious exercises, ex-
Senator Edmunds, presiding officer, doj
livered an address in which it was stated
many important topics were to be discussed
during the meeting, and the hope expressed
that the cause of religion would be ad
vanced thereby." Memorial services were
held, the secretary, Rev. Wilder, delivering
an address in memory .f those who have
died since last meeting. In the evening
theism and evolution were discussed and
several papers read.
W. C. T. U. Ofltcers.
BosroN, Nov. 17.-At to-day's sesaion of
the W. C. T. U. a number of reports were
elstened to. Miss Frances Willard was re
elected president, receiving 838 votes out
of 390. Mrs. Mary Woodbridge was elected
recording secretary, Mrs. Caroline E. Buell.
of Chicago, corresponding secretary, and
Miss Esther Pugh, of Chicago, treasurer.
In the afternoon a number of interesting
reports on different varieties of missionary
work were listened to. The president's
prize banner was presented to the state of
M1aine. The banner given to the banner
state of the nation of the juvenile associa
tion went to Iowa.
The lBell Telephone Patent.
WAsUarNrooN, Nov. 17.-To-day the United
States patent ofllce issued a patent to Emile
Berliner, assignee to the lBell Telephone
company, for a combined telegraph and
telephone which has been pending in the
oliceo since June 4, 1877. It is understood
that the Bell company believes this patent
covers the features necessary to the practi
cal use of the telephones. The inventors
do not take that view of the patent. They
think that when Bell's Baslie atent expires
in Maroh, 1898, that they will be able to
produce a practical telepone that will not
infringe on Berliner's patent. The issue of
this patent is the second steop taken by
Commissioner Simons and possibly the last
which it will be necessary to take to practi
cally dispose of the long esxistig tangle
of telephone litigation in the patent onice.
Tile ('lhI Wave.
Curcaoo, Nov. 17.--Reports from various
portions of the country show that the cold
wave is general and unusually severe for
this seas on, St. Paul reports the mercury
below zero to.night. Huron, S. D., eight
below; Biiemarck, N. D., ten below; Aber
doc.U, 8. )., twelve below. Varleus points
in Iowa report the mercury at a-ro and
some as low as four below. Wisconsin
points report the mercury at rero. A Pitts
burg, Pa., dispatch says the cold wave
reached there this afternoon, the mercury
dropping to twenty--one above at six
o'clock and still falling. In Chicago the
maximum temperature for the day was
eighteen above and at midnight only twelve
This Administration Is Irrevoodtbly
Committed Against the Free
Coinage of Silver.
Secretary Foster Addresses the
New York Chamber of Com
merce at a Banquet.
IThe Chief Obstacle to an International
Agreement Upon a Jtatlo Between
Gold and silvqy.
New Yotx, Nov. 17.-A distinguished as
semblage gathered to.night at the one hun
dred and twonty-tbhird annual dinner of the
chamber of commerce of the state of New
York. Among the many prominente guests
were Senator Hiscook, Chauncey M. Depew,
Gen. Schofield, Gen. Howard, Secretary
Foster, Director of the Mint Leech, Honr
Carl fchburz, Rev. Dr. Briggs, the earl of
Aberdeen. Less than one year ago leers
tary Windom was struck down in the same
banqueting hall and before the feast was
done he was dead. Many times the tragedy
was referred to to-night. President Harri
son, Secretary Bllaine, Secretary Trapy,
Secretary Proctor, Postmaster-General
Wanamaker and ex-President Cleveland
were among the many who sent regrets.
Secretary Foster made the speech of the
evening, his subject being, "To maintain
the parity between gold and silver
is the fixed policy of this govern
ment." In the course of his remarks
he referred to the gloomy predictions made
fifteen years ago by people of the west over
the proposed large coinage of silver dollars.
"So. now," said he, "men whose intelligence
and patriotism can not be questioned, and
whose purposes are most exalted,, are
moved to indulge in gloomy forebodinag
over the present outlook and propose to re.
peal the act of July 14. 1890, hoping thereby
to ureservo the unarity."
ihis Mr. Foster said that in his opinion, with
and all of our power we could not maintaitt the.
uty parity of the two metals if the policy of the
free coinage of silver prevailed. He tl
an firmly of the opinion that the parity
on can be maintained under the present,
on policy. We produce annually about $10,-.
on 000,000 of gold. The present indications
da- are that the balance of trade with foreign
had nations for the next two years, and for it
is- longer period if the present tariff law is
un- maintained, will requirequire gold shipments to.
ux- the United States to pay balances in out
l't' favor. Under the present policy we by
e 4,0,000 ounces of silver per month, puaying
for it in the new treasury notes. UadeOv:
rhoe suh conditions the work of maicirtltt
con .the parity will not be a strain uen
i55 the resources of the country, ýliýt
re seems'to be quite improbable, except i
ing event of. extraordinary contingecesn
)m- abroad, the strain would come, but even
of then my faith in our resources is such as to
5o- compel me to believe that wewouldweather
the storm and preserve the parity. T£he
shipplent of more than $70,000,000 of our
gold to Europb without rmbarraesment to
us, is only an Illustration of the marvelous
ofinancial strength of this country.
ted Under free coinage, silver would take the
y a place of gold in settling these balances. If
bhe the price of silver advanced from $1 to
dad $1.29 per ounce, all the silver in the world
for sale would be attracted to this country.
use To maintain the parity under such condi
e- tions would be a task requiring more than
led immense resources, and the exercise of un.
Iral usual power to the last degree, could supply.
Pe- But, with 4.500,.)00 ounces of silver pur
0n chased at gold value each month, the task
the would be easy. The practical question for
was you, gentlemen, to consider is
ant- which of the two policies you will prefer.
A Believing the good sense of the business
trly world must, in the near future, be brought
rd into harmony with us on the proposition
ed that gold alone is too narrow a base upon
which to build the world's financial struc
ture, 1 have much hope that the best judg
ment of all concerned will agree to the bet
pal ter and more extended use of siler,
to be followed by inteona
ea tional agreements by which the
rsg parity of the two metals, upon an accepted
sv. ratio. may be maintained. One of the
to, hindrances to an early agreement is the be
he lief in Europe that free coinage is to be
the policy of this country. In such event
they know their silver will come to us and
our gold go to them. Convince Europe that
led we will not permit ourselves to do anything
ad that will impair our ability to preserve the
- parity and an obstacle to the agreement so
re much desired if removed.
td That City Will Pay Itallroatd Expenses of
All Delegates.
CArc.to. Nov. 17.-M. HI. De Young, pro
prietor of the San Francisco Chronicle, who
of arrived in the city to-day, said, in an inter
tre view with a reporter: "The business men of
re- San Francisco have authorized to me to
ut make any promises to the national commit.
ed tee I may see lit, pledging theeeirlves to
carry out those promises if the convention
r. be iven our cty. We have already agreed
to pay the railroad expenses of all delegates
F" to the coast and return. Wewill do a great
ty deal more which I don't care to make pub
Of lie yet. San Francisco," continued Mr.
,.r Do Young, "has no candidate to force on
the convention in case she secures it, but
there is one thing the coast will expect
of the next administration, whether it be
republican or democratic-a place in the
cabinet. The reason is purely a business
ad one, entirely apart froni politics. The en
ile tire coast suffers from lack of acquaint
ance with its needs. There are
ne a thousand thiugs of vital
d itmportance comluercially to the coast,
he upon which no one in the east, no matter
od how well informed, can properly give ad
nt vice to the president. Among manty such
Squestions are the desert not, Bering sea
fisheries. Hawaiian and Australian trade
re and communication, and our coast de
fy tenses. Few realize the exact nature of the
es latter. In their present condition a few
to Chilian ships could blow lan Francisco to
t pieces."
SThe $50 Rsate,
i- BAN I"uANo.tw, Nov. 17.--When a dil.
Is patch was r~eived yesterday from bt,
a, Louis, announcing that the' transcontinen
tal association refused to grant a $10 rate
for delegates to the republican convention,
is if held in San Francisco, which rate hah:
id been guaranteed by the Southern Paclfic
company to the committee of business men
Swho had goe to Washington to lay oi; 7:
ry Franciscaos offer before te national oamli-..
it tmitteees of the respective partIes, Vice- -
r- [President Stubbin, of the onatheis P.A ..
is citc, said: "Our guarantee for a t$10 oe.1:
d holds good."
- | Palo Alto. ICag of stalltoun,
SI S'ooftroec, Cal.. Nov. 17.-Palo Also wtll
'Y retire from the turf tomorrow. the king of
stallions. He made a mile today witb. M
eschip in 9,0)(k, He wao ap i {
running mate. Quartersr 'l
1m08it thr-arqarter, 1ti0j,

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