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map . by reatabd latr. o oeo r ci - o to t. pss order, payabl tO he .eadeat b. WSaing Company. Po e o aho shi · ; ttp s NS tia patal and ae th.ir ik th , phen.e 1i0. loa "d$v,"t"·ai ea 'Is tl3PeoLfrt1i p n ettoa, sbheuld b kanded in beto.ne m. Bejected commenloatlons not returnable on. less p.oeta* Is onelosed. Tn*.rMi t . rt aas IPTION. T auAt.. Daily finoladiag Sunday] per year .......... l1 0 Daily [in0tlatig Sunday] six months...... ~ t Daily Lin.ludias Sundayl three aeaths.... 250 Dally [oeludintg Sunday] per year......... 00 Daily [excluding Sunday] per month...... 75 Sunday only ito advancl per Pyar....... 2 SP Woekly [in adv·ane only] per year........ 2 0 Daily by oarrier, per week. seve Issures],. 25 HELENA. MONT., NOV. 21 1891. STi"Montanians ahrsad will always and Tea DAI,r INDPPNNDENT Oun le at their hnaorite hotrdl: Fifth Avenua and Metropolitan. New York: West. Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, San Francisco: McDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, Springield. Ill. SUNDAY'S INDEPENDENT. A day's profitable enjoyment for five cents. That is cheap enough for this western country. To-morrow morning buy a copy of the biggest and best newspaper printed within a radius of one thousand miles of Helena. If you are a subscriber, and a family man, order an extra copy. Don't be selfish and keep your wife and children from the enjoy ment of all the good things of the paper until you have sated yourself. It will then be time for Sunday school and church, and as they attend regularly (do you?) a still further postponement of the chance to read Tni. SUNDAY INDE PENDENT is made. Just think of getting ninety-six columns of the best current reading matter of the day, sixteen pages, all for five cents! Poetry, fiction, Illustrated descriptive articles, current local and general news, gossip apd ad vertisements. Read every line on every page. Every column is printed for the profit and advantage of everybody. Helena people have much to be thankful for, including THE SUNDAY IY DEPENDENT, with its delightful Thanks giving story of "A Tempting Turkey." Send a paper and a nice fat turkey to some deserving poor family. "On the Turner Plantation," by Joel Chandler Harris. The first installment of this promising story of a boy's experi ence in the south during war times. That boy is now a man, and his charming writings are powerful magnets that draw the great heart of the north close to the great heart of the south. A chatty interview by Julian Haw thorne with President Harrison. No politics. Private glimpse of the routine life of the chief magistrate. "Seven Hundred College Girls." Pic. tures of all of them. There's a sight for you. Life at Wellesley. A picture taken by lightning. A study in flash-light photography. Unfashionable frocks are not worn by Helena ladies who read TIE SUNDAY INDEPENDENT articles by Helen Osborn. The men read them and know when their wives and sweethearts are up with the times. The ghastly instruments of torture from the Chamber of Horrors are illus. trated and described. Many shorter stories. "Speak Dis tinctly," tells how a child gave Philips Brooks a pointer that he profited by. "Two Gymnasts" illustrates the route of a big cat by little birds. Having read all the prize features of THE SUNDAY INDEPFNDOENT, including the reading notices and display adver tisements, if you think you have not had your money's worth, call at the editorial rooms and get an armful of exchanges. THE AIRSIY AND ITS POSTS. The report of the Hon. Redfield Proc tor, secretary of war, which is made, public to-day, is an interesting and comprehensive review of the status of our military establishment. Considera ble space is taken up with a discussion of coast defenses. The secretary says that the point has now been reached when by the continuance of the present annual appropriation the work can be carried on to a comparatively early com pletion. Four years, the board of ordi nance and fortification say, will see our coast line adeq uately protected. As a result of greater care in select ing recruits for the army the number of desertions in the past year has greatly diminished as compared with preceding years. The policy of going into rural communities for men and requiring ap plicants for enlistment to produce satis factory evidence of good moral character has worked well. It it a startling fact that from January 1, 1867, to June 30, 1891, the number of desertions from the army was 88,475, or four times the size of our present standing army. In 1889 the rate of desertion was 11.6 per cent., in 1890 nine per cent., and for the past year 6.1 per cent. During the twelve months ending Sept. 30 last, the rate was 5.8 per cent. The secretary believes that it is possible to reduce the number to two per cent. under the policy now being pursued. The secretary is very much pleased with the success of his scheme for en listing Indians as regular soldiers. Seven companies, three of cavalry and four of infantry, have been recruited to their full complement, and seven other comnpanies have been organized but are not yet tilled. Personal inspection of these Indian soldiers on his recent western trip convinces the eecretary that "In good conduct, drill and mili tary bearing, attention to duty, obser vance to courtesies, and care of horses, arms and equipment, clothing, barracks, mes rooms and kitchens, they are at perhap more "a- a ar prob1 " thna othcs whob hAyM- h long ezperienoe with the red may unit Idle di The secretary does not a8i..u. dlan outbreaks of last winter and thef oausem but refers to the report of Get Schofleld as to the operatlon of th army at Pine Ridge and elsewhere. Ond feature of the secretary's report which has especial interest for our peo pie, is that touching the abandonmen of small poets. Twenty-eight arm: posts have been abandoned since Juni 1, 1889, and ten or twelve more, in the secretary's opinion, can be given up at soon as provision is made for the looa tion of the troops at more central points. The secretary very strongly holds the opinion shared by so man" army officers that every argument is it: favor of big posts at railioad centers where the rapid movement of troops is possible. On this subject he says, "The troops should be assembled by regiments or at least battalions, in well built posts at strategic and convenient points ai rapidily as it can be done, consistently with adequate protection against posst ble Indian depredations. Even for this purpose it has been found by experience that troops stationed at convenient rail road centers are more available than these at posts nearer the scene of trou ble but not on the railway. Besides the economy of transportation, supplies, etc., a much greater per cent. of men is avail able for service from a large post than a small one. Fewer are employed outside of their legitimate military duties, and the discipline and drill of the command is improved." This is the whole argument in a nut shell, and in the interest of economy and public safety and military efficiency, congress cannot too soon provide for a great central post in Montana like those at Leavenworth, Denver and St. Paul. Tum news that the mining congress, 1,000 strong, which has been in session in Denver during the present week, will meet in Helena in July next, is good news indeed. It is a graceful tribute to Montana, the queen of the silver sister hood, and our people will show their ap preciation of the compliment by giving the visitors a right royal welcome. The thanks of our citizens will be heartily accorded to our Montana delegates, whose labors in our behalf have been crowned with such magnificent success. How fortunate is Helena to be free from the fretful jealousies and rivalries that beset the pathway of other cities! This is the way a Minneapolis newspa per gloats over the dreaded rival of that town at the head of the lakes: For five months now on Duluth is wrapped in its mantle of silence and ice. The frozen deep, stretching from its doors, chills the heart. Not until May does the town resume its business as a way station for Minneapolis wheat and flour. The con templation of the long period of masterly inactivity and repose is bad for the Duluth newspaper. Collections are slow; advertis ing has fallen off; news becomes a dreary repetition of incursionsof wandering bands of Eskimo, or of accounts of polar bear shooting. The head of the lakes has a cold in the head. How much better it is to rejoice in a neighbor's prosperity than in his adver sity! Our Minneapolis contemporary should take a few lessons in Christian journalism from the Butte Inter Moun tain. THE St. Louis Globe Democrat gives the fairest estimate as to presidential probabilities in 1892 that we have yet seen in a republican newspaper. Assum ing that Iowa, Massachusetts, Illinois, Wisconsin and New Hampshire, all rea sonably doubtful from a democratic point of view, give their electoral votes for the republican ticket, and adding these to the votes of the sure republican states, it figures out 210 votes for the republicans. To the democrats it gives 180 sure votes and leaves Indiana, Mon tana and New York, with fifty-four votes, in the doubtful column. It takes 22:1 votes to elect. The Globe-Democrat admits that its party is reduced to the forlorn hope of carrying either Indiana or New York. No wonder Mr. Blaine is willing that President Harrison should try it again. AGAIN the filial ingrate! Not since the Louisiana lottery affair, when son fought against father, have we had a more glaring instance of it than in the Helena Journal's warlike attitude toward the poor Chinese. I'rom first to last in the United States senate Benja min Harrison voted against every propo sition to exclude Chinese labor, whether by treaty or otherwise. And in an ad dress before a literary society in his own town lie declared that "the government has no more right to exclude the Chi nese than it has to forbid the coming of Irish and Germans." And now his only son declares that the Chinese must go, and that the wall must be built moun tain high against them alonig our northern frontier. Alas, alas! How sharper than a serpent's tooth, etc.! Wi-; beg to say to the esteemed Jour nal that Gov. IRussell is not our favorite candidate for presidont. lie is too young for one thing, and as Benjamin Harrison and himself stand on the same anti-silver pl'tform we fear the smaller man of the two, to wit, B. If., might be crowded off. Conosolono: PowEai's statement that Hauser, Broadwater and Clark talk for free coinage of silver at home and against it in theeeast is a- -well, a big mistake. The commodore was evidently thinking of himself. SENATOR Wohiu'oiT'T has again started on his congenial work of smashing the republican crockery. More power to him! The Depopulation ef France Franoe lost 81,572 inhabitants in 1190. Althoagh it has long been the fashion to speak of the population of France asdimin nalel 1 R U.. o oUw4 the 1 as. ot and to rdaohe prAt toyo a elass powner, K s ofg i At a legDsnalou Is Os, Of h etrue of his oountty iat a r oa0ording to hi, ina sate resatrntti e p temale labor, as wl us laOtd. ag}r 1e intimber of hoars worked bi waoC is, *s ase, most iuioa %,l i a.,b aieoft the foamnlyn tha u hilre owell-thad dsooite .y-oudo D i wa BEOPLE WE TALK AB Senator Plumb platrned' last win and spring for a European tour when inme should come; but at the last momnent he abandoned the project to "look efttr bi fenoes" in Kansas. Don Carlos, pretender to the thrboe of Spain, who is living at the present tl.e ih Venice, is said 'to be badly in geo d of money. He was obliged, according to re ports, to pawn his jewels a short time ago. The Rev. Mr. Mandell, of Cambridge, Mass., gives the poor and their children free rides in his carriage In six years he has given over 5,000 airings of this kind to those who would not otherwise enjoy such a thing. James Gordon Bennett, the elder, gave to the New York Fire department the fund whose interest buys the gold mdal whioch is awarded yearly for nots of heroiem. He gave it as a recognition of the good work of the firemen when his house burned down in 1869. The Archduchess Margaret of Austria, the emperor's niece, who has recentlf been dangerously ill, is a beautiful girl of 21, tall and slender, blue-eyed and light-haired and a clever artist, A few weeks ago she went to view the holy coat at 'reves, caught cold, and may die. Mr. Theodore Bent, who went to South Africa to ascertain if possible the rigin of the great stone ruins at Zimbabye, writes that he has not yet been able to discover any inscription, but he has found a debris of green pottery of Persian origin, and sculptured vases representing scenes of the chase. Thomas Bayley Potter, M. P., the author of the Cobden Club, that bugaboo of Ameri oan protectionists, is a stout, silver-haired patriareh, and lives near Midhuret, Sussex county. England. He was a life-long filend of Richard Cobden, and succeeded him in parliament at his death in 1865. At Mr. Potter's home, a quaint, dainty old house, his friend often worked, and in a little church not far away rest the remains of the political economist. LITERARY NOTES. The December Fornm will contain an ar ticle by Gov: Wm. E. Russell on the signifi cance of the demoeratic victory in Massa ohssetts and its bearings on next year's campaign. The same number will contain an artiole on "Degradation," by Pensions; "The Protest of Loyal Voluntiers," by Lient. Allen B. Foote, founder of the So oiety of Loyal Volunteeras; Sir Edwin Ar nold will have a description of a "Day With Lord Tennyson,"- describing the home life of the laureate, with many incidental oriticisms of his works. In the sume num ber Frederio Harrison will have a paper to show why the whole system of n.odern ed ucation is built on a wrong basis. The financial and international bearings of the Jewish perseention will be explained by M. Leroy-Beaulieu, the greatest living author ity on the subject. In the same number M. Camille Pelletan, a member of the French chamber of deputies, frankly explains the French feeling toward Germany, showing that at some time another confliot about Alsace-Lorraine is inevitable. THE MATTER SETTLED. A Faithful Wife Who Got Her Husband Out of a Scrape. B. D. Sprange, ex-baggage master of the Montana Central railway, who was arrested Thursday for taking funds belonging to the company, was released on his own recog nizance yesterday. The amount of his shortage, it will be remembered, was $129, which he was unable to raise himself, the failure to do which led to his arrest. After his wife left him at the city jnil on Thurs day night she started out to raise the money and succeeded in so doing before she went to bed. The mohey was handed to the proper officers of the road yesterday, and the consequence was the release of the ac cused man. The case will come up Wed nesday, when the charge will no doubt be dismissed. CRUSHED BY THE CARS. Fatal Accident In the Alta Montana Mine Near Wicks. John Esouler, a Jyinlander, working in the Alta Montana mine, near Wickes, met with an accident yesterday which resulted in his death. Esculer went to opeu the door leading from one of the workings into the main gal lery, when he stumbled and fell across the track. A oar loaded with four tons of ore was coming along at the time, and before the man could get up the wheels passed over him. His body about the Lips and his left arm were crushed to a pulp. Dr. Steele was summoned and went out from Helena, but before he reached the mine Esculer was dead. He was a manof 30 years and had a brother working in the same mine. The funeral will take place to-day at Jefferson City. Is the College Graduate an Autocrat? The position of woman in the different portions of the world was the subject a number of gentlemen were discussing at a St. Louis hotel the other evening 'il the hearing of a Globe-Democrat reporter. In China woman is bound to religionsly obey man's slightest requ-st. In Japan, it was asserted, it was somewhat better, though the influence of Counfucius was seen here, too. "I met a European lady lately," said W. F. Meyers, and the words she used were: 'America is the paradise for woman. Here all deference is paid to her sex. In England it is the habit for the husband to think that his wife is to consider him first and 'foe everything, including herself afterward. "Carrie, will you get my slippers?" "Carrie, will you make a brighter lire, or fetch my box of cigars?" But I will tell you," continued the speaker, "the women we have to be on our guard against in this country. They are the young ladies who become college grad untes. I have seen them even as mission aries, and they not only thought that they shbould take full part in the councils of the seliesh males, but that their opinion should control the notions of all. 1 am against higher education. I do not like to see a woman ready to discuss everything, from martial law to matrimony and from re creation to religion, and if I were advising my nearest friend who had a notion of en trring into the blissful state of the bene diet it would be this, beware of the collsge graduate." An Italian Defines Ilirting. An Italian author, Ernesto Zenauti, in an article entitled "Amerioenisimo Floren tinoe," in which he shows a remarkable ap preciation of the charms of the American girl, defines flirtation as "fascinating and delightful form of intima to friendship be tween beings of a differe nt sex, in which there is mnoch of tenderness, mu ch efeo-, tion, much coquetry, but in which there is not--must not be-a spark of real, true love. 'I he Italians," he adds, "whether from the influence of climate, temperament or education, cannot ilirt." HEUEJAA ...... Because Helena is a live town, money for their Inception and Because Helena is already a support. business center of large propor- Think of the vast sums re. tions. ceived by Helena men as profits Because Helena is now a rail- and dividends from these, same road center and bound to remain enterprises. so. Then say, if you can, that Hel ena has no great future in store Because Helena is the tempo- for her. rary capital of Montana. Rather, take advantage of your Because' Helena will be the opportunities and secure some permanent capital and metropolis 'Helena real estate while it is still of a state destined to become cheap and low, and thus be in one of the richest in the union, position to reap some of the pro Because Helena's citizens are fits from our city's wonderful progressive and thoroughly alive growth. to their opportunities. We believe in Helena as a city, Because they have resisted in her men, her enterprises, and the tempation to over-boom their above all, in the money making city-depending rather on solid qualities of her real estate. We material advancement, with back our faith by our deeds, and steady appreciation of values to invite you to do likewise. We gas-bag boasting and grossly in- buy and sell Helena Real Estate flated valuations on paper. of every description, and can al Look at Helena's great bank- ways find a good bargain for ing capital. every customer. A personal in vestigation of the properties listed Look at the many great enter- with us is invited. , We also in prises in every quarter of Mon- vite correspondence from out of tana and the great northwest de- town buyers in regard to Helena pendent upon Helena men and . properties. • Wallace & Thornburgh,. S***DENVER BUILDING,i... BroadvJay and Warren Sts., J-lelena, Montana RANCI OF 2,000 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly ir rigated, on fine range. A great bargain. W. E. COX, GOLD BLOCK. CITY AUCTIONEERS. Household Goods. borses and Cattle will be Aold at public auction at low eommisirn.na Also auction. saea will be conducted every eveninc at our place of business, 102 South ai ltestrOO, corner Wall. ai tr LCBER & RECHNITZ, Anotioneers. AC UEMIN & CO. Watchmakers, Jewelers, Silversmiths. : Dealers in : DIAMONDS, WATCHES, SILVERWARE, CUT CRYSTAL, FANCY GOODS. Complicated Watch Repairing, Artistic Engraving, Jewelry Manu. factured to Order. MONTANA SAPPHIRE and NUGGET JEWELRY A SPECIALTY. Call and Examine Our Stook. No. 27 Main Street, Helena. $500 Reward FOn aTHE DISCOVERY OF ]BODY OF JOHN M'PHEE, Lost In the mountains In UDer tcdte County wnet of Rimtln sad south of e llistun. Mr. McPhee was ab t 5 fret, 11 inahe in hight, sed owelghd about '100 pounde. tHe had blue *ee, brown hair, a rediah brown fuji beard trimmed mo.litm oluS, a.d a rsr up the right temple, was lat seen ýWednsday afternoon, September t, about three mlle" reat of the Ont toai mine. lie dad on leam and wore a dat ault of clothea.d1tk sprInt oveUrcoat tand dar spryin hat. .lie aerrid a sold hunltnlo case waltoh with his o n.S enlrave on tthe inlae rase. Addreas information to The Grand Republl allln (t.is, Helena, Mont. 'I1ta Ga*D Rgruet.lo Muntslt CO., CAniElO1O Acntsrr or Amaso.a. We Have The OVERGOATS. Now is the time to buy that useful article. You can't bu cheaper later in the season, and you may as well have the ful benefit of its use. We haQe them in CHINCILLA, MONTAGNAC, KERSEY, BEA VER, MELTON, and other modern fabrics, made up in ULSTER, BOX and CLOSE-FITTING SACKS, for Jegular, Stout and Tall JVlen Our line of Mink, Parisian Lamb, Seal, Astrachan and othe Fur Coats, is larger than ever. We bought before the recen odvance and will sell accordingly. We have not forgotten the "Little Men" this season, and ar showing elegant lines in Boys' and Children's Overcoats. Every desirable quality and style from the cheapest to the most elegant. F SUITS! For Men, Youths, Boys and Children. It is an acknowledge fact that we have the finest and most fashionable line of Suits evye shipped to Montana, in design, quality and workmanship. Man lines were sold out and had to be duplicated. This fact speaks fo itself. Come and convince yourselves. Our goods will do th talking. Our customers know this to be a fact. Our store i filled from basement to fourth floor with all the latest novelties. ELEVATOR TO ALL FLOORS. Plenty of Light; no Dark Corners. All Conveniences for Shopper *GANS & KLEIN. reading Clothiers, Hatters and Haberdashera.