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1 abd ,trClvtk County's TSMh,
sip. A4lJoun Ai0er Inter., sting Sission. , Ganop twia oa.it Cost of 84uoaes lea Children. c lls Attention to the Ast ofthe i.eel lature Providlng for Compulsoiry EdlOatiloa. be County Teachers' istitute, of Lewis d Clarke. closed yesterday, after an in ting apd very profitable sessin. Or ography was the fetet subject ypsterdky, Let the roll sall. It was handed in a etieal manner by Mi.t Frano Magness. * suggested as supplementary to the par. it of this branch a thorough aoquaint e with Webster's key to the unabridged otionary. Miss Friendlioh assisted Miss egress with a paper which was highly ap. eolated. In thq spirited discussion which lowed Miss Hopper strongly advocated a syntlietio system as an aid in this snob. Mrs. Avery, Miss Turnley, Miss athias, Mts. De Camp, Mit. Young, Mite sob and others also took part in th6 dis mion. The Model TeaPher waspresented a masterly style by Miss Friendlioh, In e discussien some lofty ideals of this e charrater were presented by Mre, ung, Miss Magness and Mr. Merritt, ing to the 'on-appearane of IL G. helps, who was down on the programme r a diseussion on Business Arithmetic d Short Methods, the subject was omit d. The afternoon session was devoted to the seial branches. A brief and practical per on drawing wan given by Miss Gets. r. Merritt contineed the subject by some marks on the importance of mechaniscal awing in the sohbols. Excellent pap.re this subject were read. Mr. Harsh ing absent, his place was supplied by rf. Engelhorn, who gave his opinions re rding the necessity of teaching riting rough all the grade*. A recess followed, ring whioh the teachers were delightfully tertaiaed by Madame Medini singing o beautiful selections. She afterwards ve a short talk on music in the publio heols. She told the teachers that she be eyed it could be successfully pursued, but o study of music should be obligatory in e high school. This closed the regular rogramme of the institute. Trustee nthrie made a short speech, the loevity of hich was forgiven, as his remarks were ighly comforting to the teachers assem led. Trustee Langhorne followied the aurs be usually pursues during a session f the trustees. He was brief, byt to the int. and his words were welcome. Much edit is due Miss Turnley county superin ndent, for the admirable way in which is condueted the sessions, in which she as ably assisted by the secretary, Miss ommermeier. The session of the teachers' institute losed last evening with a most interesting ad instructive address by State SBperin ndent Ganneon. It was greatly appre lated by all present. Prof. Gannon said: "We have a difficult problem to present -night in the subject to which we invite our attention for a few moments, but can e show this to you in such a manner that change for the better may be inaugurated, " shall feel that we have been amply re aid in the awakened interest which the atter demands. There is an old but true saying, that show me the school and I will read the uture of your people," whioh has more of uth in it than we are willing to admit, ud, to the casual observer, the people of ontana are doing all that will tend to ele ate their children which lies in their ower. But bear with us, and let as look tthe matter of school expenditures and ce whether the amounts so generously con ributed are acoomplishing the purposes in ended, and if not, to place ourselves in line ith the most advanced of the progressive tates of the union. The people of Lewis and Clarke county hould know the conditions under which heir money is being expended by their ublic servants, but believe that many of hem do not, hence, it falls to our lot to oint out, so far as it lies in our power, hat which we think to be wrong, but in the oat kindly spirit, as the same conditions xist in every county and district through ut the state in a greater or less degree. The cost of sustaining our schools is one high demands the attention of all, and or the purpose of comparison, if you lease, let us call your attention to the two ,rineipal districts in this county, that is, hoas which paid the largest amounts for ohool purposes for the year ending Aug. 1 1890, and having the greatest number of ohool children within their boundaries. irst, would be Helena district No. 1, and rom the report of ydur county superm endent for the foregoing time, we learn that here were 2,624 children in the district be ween five and 21 years of age, from this let s deduct 324, for those married, and others ttending school away from home, his will leave 2,800 that should ave been in school. The otal amount paid for school purposes, ex. I lusive of bonds issued, was $52,286.80. ad the whole number of children been in ttendance the cost per capita would hive sen but $22.78. From the source above tated, your enrollment was 1,600, and on his you paid $82.74 for each child, but tak. og the average daily attendance, which as 1,012, as a base, and this we think is e correct one, we find that the cost has •creased to $51.66 per capita. That is, ith 68 per cent. only of enrollment in verags daily attendance, the cost has been sised $18.92 for each child. Let us sum arizo: for $52,286.80 paid for school pur ones, 2,800 should have been schooled, at a ot f $22.73 each, but actual cost on verage daily attendance was $51.66. Second upon the list is Belmont, or arysville. Here the cost total was $8, 28.28; total number of children be ween five and 21, 289. On his the district paid $15.515 per apita, but the enrollment was 217, ith per capita at $17.18, while the average aily attendance was but 182, only 60 per cent. of enrollment, and on this the cost was raised to $28.24, This, of course, does not have the appearance of a paying pro position, and the question will be asked, who is responsible for it?. An examination of the statute reveals the fact that there I are three classes named, district boards of I trustees, parents and taxpayers, in whose o hands the whole matter lies. In section 1921, Montana school law, trustees are I Rivpn unquestioned authority to compel the ittendance of children at school for twelve weeks each year, and six weeks of that time I to be consecutive, with provisos, which do not materially change the statement. Parents have been honored by the legisla. ture in section 1922, and we cannot under stand why it is that they will permit their 4 Children to stay at home for one, two or three days in a week, and in some cases for weeks together, permitting them to roam the streets, leatniug those lessons and acquiring habits which in time to come will bring sorrow and shame to father and mother. The taxpayer in section 1928 has a rem edy, should he choose to use it-and we most heartily pray that the day may speed ily come when he will exercise his rights in the premises-which would result in a larSely inoreased attendance in our public In school laws from nearly every state in the union, recesived at the olfe which we have the honor to represent, we find com paliory education acts, which, in the main, tirs similar to our own, and from the re ports from state superlntendents we gather an almost unbroksn line of testlmony in favor bf snch laws. In addition to this, the United States commisslonter of edues tion, with all the most prominent men and wonmen in the country engaged in educa tional work,' all speak without reserve and fora rigid enforcedient of these laws. Jut there are other factors in the field which must not be overlookod, and thos of tit s hool tieny, a sa t Teah hem that f b 1.1l1*. as. mensl t fnheat weane meanta nlhat imes a pt at tho oonstuwho trin Amoersoan ides, Amerino history and patriotia tta oaugh or childfrn show esentodil by itymbol the most betutiful that the oan esine uo Tea h them that eery our a means all that our fathers means n the Reolutionay wa; tnot it means all or that she declarational of independencery-libert meoant; tht it mweao all that b.rthe ontit tida meant. Teach the that our flag car rise Amerioan ideas American history and American feeling. Toema them that every color means liberty, every thread means liberty not lawiessnes, not license, but or constitutional liberty-liberty through law, an laws for liberty. f AN IAST SIDE WEDDING. Samuel l. Henry and Luln U. Miller United In Marriage. The residence of Mr. and Mrs. William Woodesok, No. '886 North Davis street, was the scene of a quiet marriage last evening. 1Rev, B. W. Oaks performed the ceremony, whlah united Samftl E. Henry, headwaiter Al "a*e Hqlesa. an Mis Lubl M. Millri. The witisises were Alonzo Leatherberry and Miss Wilson. After the few friends present had finished their cohgratulations thebride was supised with the presenta tion of a fine gold watch and chain by the yonug men who have long been associates of the groom. Mr. Leatherberry intro dueed Mr. Woodson, who presented the Jewel in the following language. "Mrs. Lalu M. Henry: Allow me in the name of the friends here assembled to pre sent your ladyship with this small trophy as a token of their lasting esteem. The soi ence of language has never been equal to the emotions of the heart, but for want of better neanse we are compelled to use it to express our hatred; our friendship, our joys, our sorrows and our love; it should be ee pecially gratifying to you as the free choioe of a man whom we all honor and respect, to see that by this small token that we, his friends, deolare .for you that friendship which some here have given to him since childhood, and united by the most sacred bond which heaven holds dear to the chil dren of men, in after years it may somes times be pleasant to look at this trophy and know that you were started together on your new voyage of life by the best wishes of stalwart friends whose good will was guar anteed to you eveni beyond the grave. And npw to you, sir, what can we say? Long trusted and true friend that you have been, we would be loth to give you up to any other than her whom youn have chosen. As it is, we know that you do not like us less but have learned to love her more. May the ehanges and inteSohanges throoah which you are to pass only make that love more sacred and thes pleasures more blispful, and if time decree that your peaceful abode shall be disturbed by little jewels more noisy and precious than this,' we hope that for tune will not be slow in wreathing your brow with laurels of prosperity and plenty, while she, your wife, is wreathed in flowers of peace, and when old age steals upon you we hope you will be able to look back over a well-spent life, and one in which the best wishes of bour friends have been more than realized. And now having said enough in eaur effort to express those feelings which no one has ever yet.enpressed, we conclude. in the language of the poet: "May earth's choicest bleesings Illuminate thy way, And Heaven's purest sunshine Grow brighter each day. May pleasures moat blissful And joy wrsathe thy brow. And friends ever love thee As we love thee now." Mr.' Henry responded with deep, friendly feeling for his old associates. Presenta tions were also made by Mr. Miles A. York, the Herena hotel and Geo. M. Lee. Mr. Woodson's presentation speech was made in the name of the following friends of Mr. and Mrs. Henry: Alonzo Leatherberry, Jos. L. Vass, Joshua Lewis, William Johnson, A. M. Daily. Thos. Brown. Lewis Williams, J. W. Taylor, H. T, McFarland, Nesbitt Frazier, James D. Pernell, Miles A. York. Harry King, Samuel J. Wright, Geo. E. Irvin, Charley Reed, George H. Woodson. Miss M. F. Grogan is now prepared to deall kinds of writing at her office, 108 Granite block Mineral baths at Mineral Springs Hotel only 25 eeants.. Go to Th Beeaive for wedding presents and holiday goods. A Tourist Dies in Helene. Frederick Greenild, a German appar ently about 40 years old, died in the tour ist car of the east-bound express as the train was approacohing Helena last evening. The cause of his death was unknown thoue h eight bottles of whisky which he had with' him may have had something tq do with it. He had a trunk, a few letters in his pocket, one of which was from his brother in Madi son, Wis., and about $6 in money. Dr. Rockman telegraphed the news tp his brother and took charge of the body. He will hold an inquest this morning. " Thanksgiving dinner at the Misses Nagle's Merchants hotel dining room, only 50 cents. The display of holiday novelties in Butcher & Bradley's window, is the finest ever seen in Helena. Notie to Patrons. From and after the last day of November we will discontine running our wagons. Fresh cream can .always be had at 303 Ewing street. Batter delivered to .regular customers Wednesdays and Saturdays. Orders for ice cream promptly filled and delivered. Hiss Mary E. Jackman gives private lessons in shorthaLnd. Room 15 Bailey block, Do not tail to see the large line of holiday goods at The Bee Hive, . .............-r-- - --..... .---r-- Marriage Licenses. Licenses were issued yesterday to the fol lowing. all of HAlena: William C. Smith, aged 22, Goldie M. Manning, aged 19; Sam nel E,. Henry, dged 30, Lulu M. Miller, aged 20; Arthliq Schimpf, aged 21, Bertha bee katz, 18. Iemomber that The Bee Hlve is headquarters for all kinds of holiday goods. Con Becker Hasn opened a hay, grain, feed, produce and commission business on corner Main street and Eighth avenue, Give him a call. Tlhe Weekly ln 1lepentdent, I pages to Jan. 1, 1803, for *1. Go to Butcher & Bradley's for noions, hoslery anderwear and corsets. We lead in low prices. R PRICE'S - I Powder Ied in Millions o rHomes--o Years the st.a KIN PIR AND CIDER. Thanksglving Eve Entertainment Given by the Helena Board ot Trade, Oity Attoraiy Or&Ve Explains How Pumpiklns Grow in SOuster County. Music and Dancing in the Lebby and Several Toastse rom aGood Speakers. Pumpkin pie and older were served with out stint at the Board of Trade rooms last evening. Somebody said 270 pies had been pr6pared, but there most have been more. One barrel of older was emptied before the entertainment was half over and the second barrel was rolled in while John W. Eddy was delivering his poem on the Bonanza state to a crowd out in the lobby. The rooms and the three galleries of the lobby were crowded with members of the board and hbeir guests for nearly three hours and the supply of pie and older was not exhausted. The seats at the long table were kept filled. As soonas a chair was given up a dozen people were ready to take it. The pies were well cooked and served on small wooden platters. Large new tin pans, heaped with popcorn, were placed at intervals on the table near large piles of doughnuts. Those who did not drink cider were given lil the rich milk they could drink. The only thing lacking to round-of the entertainment was the presence of the Custer county ranchmen who raised the pumpkins. They were remembered, however, by City Attorney Craven, who landed the fertile land of Custer county to the skies. He gave the history of the pumnkin from the dawn of history down to the present day. The further he got away from the past the bagger grew the pumpkins, until he reasohed the ranchman who went to sleep with a pumpkin seed in his pocket one warm day in eastern Montana. The seed fell out of hi pocket and are* so fast that he was awakened by the vine dragging him over the ground. At 10 e'clock enough space was cleared in the lobby to furnish room for the dancers. Excellerit musio was furnished by the Helena Elite orchestra. At this time the crowd became so large that Chief Justice Blake, who was toast-master, decided to give up the toasts, but a little later on they were given. Goy. Toole was down on the programme to respond to Irrigation. He was in Bozeman yesterday. and could not get back in time to be present. The governor sent a telegram expressing his regrets. Col. Sanders was also expected to speak, but had to leave last night for Washington. Rev.-F. D. Kelsey, So, D., pastor of the Congregational church was the first to speak. His toast was the American Thanksgiving. All the ladies ap planded when he said he had two things to be thankful for-orthodox theology and a first-class wife. Mr. Eddy's poem "Bonanza Sitate" was a gem. Ex-Chief Justice McConnell poked some fun nt the Helena Board of Trade when he was introduced by President Par chebn. Then he told what a powerful organization it was in advancing the pros perity not only of the city but the entire state. The judge was in excellent spirits and said in spite of his gray hairs there beat beneath his breast a heart as youthful as any in the company. When he spoke about the minerals of Montana and the lavish hand nature had displayed here the lobby was filled with applause. "The Ladies" was the last toast. Hon. E. W. Knight responded. He said he thought it was a joke at first when he had been asked to speak, for he had been responding to the toast for twenty years. Practico has made him perfect. Bright eyes and beauty surrounded him and looked down at him through the white electric light slashed with red, white and blue streamers swung from the gallery rails. He drew a touching picture of the'influence of women in the progress of the race to'high ideals. When the applause died out Presi dent Parchen thanked. the large coompany for its presence and said there was still more pie left. The lies were made from the mammoth pumpkins sent to Helena last summer from Custer county and placed on exhibition at the Montana state fair. After the fair they were taken to the Board of 'Irade rooms, where they covered a large stand extending across the room. Some were as large as washtubs. Thanksgiving dinner at the Missen Nagle's Merchants hotel dining room, only 50 cents. A line stock of dry goods and fancy goods to be sold at 50 cents on the dollar at 121 Broadway, In Denver block. Sam'I K. Davis' Special INVESTMENT STO0KS. 10,000 Jersey Blue, good purchase. 10,000 Iron Mountain, A 1 stock. 10,000 Copper Bell (bargain). 10,000 0. R. N., (bargain). 1,000 Bald Butte. 100 to 250, (sate invest mont). 500 Helena & Victor (safe investment). 1,600 Poorman, (Ocenr d'Alene), (safe in vestment). 5.000 Cumberland, (safe investment). 8,000 California, (sate investment). Any one of the above are purchases at the prices offered. bmaller lots can be had at low rates. S Rooms 26 and 27, Bailey Block. The Bee Hive has a large stock of sleds, wagons, children's desks, furniture, doll eabe, etc. Hay, grain, feed and fuel delivered promptly at lowest market rates by Her ert Nicholson & Co., Ltd., corner Park avenue and Edwarde street. Telephone It Is Approaching. Nothing adds so much to a well set Thanksgiving dinner as having the same served out of sparkling, rainbow-hued, out crystal and sterling silverware, especially in a silver state. C. B. Jaoquemin & Co. are receiving their now and elegant goods in these lines. Don't fail to go and look at them. F'rosh lot of New York Counts, In shell, at the Motor Oflice. Kid body, Frenoh limb, bisaue jointed, rubber, rag aend stagted dolis of all kinds at The uie Hive. Give Him a Call. G. H. Taylor. on Broadway, suceessor to H. Whitehead, deals in all kinds of house hold furniture, new and second hand goods. Parties having household goods for sale will do well to give him a cell. Parties out of town desiring cheap furniture should call on him when in the city. All kinds of furniture repaired. Christmas goods now open at The ee Hive. Raleigh Clarke. To malke ýQopn for our Chr~ttmas Stock we shall offer special bar gains in every department for the next ten days, Our special' sale of Plush Coats, Jackets and Newmarkets will be continued for another week at the iame liberal reductions. In our Dress Goods depn.rtmornt we are offering all Pattern Dresses at about half price. We have just received in our Domestic department a very beau tiful line of Silk Comfortables, which we offerat attractive prices. They would make a nice Xmas Gift. Our Fur department Is complete. See out special prices on Muffs, Boas, Collars and Capes. . KNIT GOODS AND MITTENS- Our assortment in these goods is so large we have not space to de soribe the different qualities, but we would call special notice to our new line of Silk Mittens for Misses and Ladies. In Hosiery and Underwear our lines were never as complete. A full assortment of the celebrated Munsing Underwear constantly kbpt in stock, both in Silk and Wool. Store open until 8:30 p, m. Raleigh & Clarke. Leaders of Low Prices. BABEOCPWS FUR STORE. SBEA.L OO.ATS 25 per cent less than eastern prices, All sizes and lengths in stock. C C Si ROBES, RUGS, CAPS, ETC. MEN'S FUR GOATS, GLOVES AND CAPS, Babcock's FUR STORE. HOUSEKEEPERS! ' SERVANTSI WASHWOMENI' *ATTENTION !!* Washing made easy. No boiling of clothes or soaking over night necessary. No scrubbboard needed. You need not bend over tub and get a lame back, or in hale odor of seap ends. No odor of wash ing, from efects of boiling clothes, through the heouse. You can wash your Laces. Flannels, Linens, Blankets-in fact, every thing, and make like new without wear or tear on cloth. Thework that takes you one half day to do you can.now do in one hour. We Let You Try a Machinel by taking it home. If it does not do all we claim, you need not keep it or pay for it. A child ten years old can do the family washing as easy as a grown person. Call and see the RNw Era Washing Machines, that revolutionize the metho4 of washing clothes. The apparatus weighs only eight pounds. We invite country people as well as city folks to call and see the machinen STURROCK & BROWN, Agts. SAPPHIRES FOR SALE AT 4 BARGAIN. 4,80 -Carat Montana Sapphires-.4,000 A rare chance for any person wishing to procure these beautitl I gems. On exhibition at the ofhlce of D. A. Richardson, Mining Broker, Granite Block. We are making a Specialty OF CUTTING MONTANA SAPPHIRES, D. DESOLA, MENDES & CO. Cutters of Diamonds and Precions Etones, 51 and b8 Maiden Lane, New York. To Those Who Wish to Know More About Numbers. Mr. E. W. Roblas. is now prepared to give private instruetloas I thiL new sytenm of om putnlug by comparisos. Persons ofr liated ed ueatlon who har but little time to devote to study will Sad the system invaluable as it enabaes them to aOquin, the greetet pousible amount of prartloable informatlon in the least eposasil, time: simollity, aoeuracy and brevity are tie leadiing featuce of the work. For artliculare, reference, terms, cell on MR., ROBINS. AT 843, 11 AVE. T. 0. POWER & 60., -JOBBERS AND DALERBS IN· Minig and FarM a M i STEAM BOILERS; PUMPS AND HOISTS, Wire IEoist;ing Rope, 1ito . Wagons--Ouatz, Lumber and Farm--Wagons Fence Wire, Wind Mills and Pumps. 50 DIFFERENT STYLES OF VEHICLES. In order to make room for Winter GCoods will close out Vehicles at. an advance of 10 per cent. above cost, Call and so3 for yourself 4I.DONOGHUE & M'CARTHY,.l* PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS. Sanitary Work a Specialty, - Jobhing Prolntly Attended To TELEPHONE No. 89. No. 34 PARK AVENUE. RETAIL BUSINESS To Be Closed Out by Jan. 1 Owing to our most extensive and widespread wholesale business, which for the past few years has grown to such an extent, we are now compelled to give up our retail depart ment and wish to do so in the shortest time possible. Our kind friends and patrons, who have traded with us 'r for so many years will do well to take advantage of the bar gains we have to offer in CLOTHING, GENT'S FURNISH ING GOODS, HATS, CAPS, Etc., as we must and will olose out our Retail Stock by Jan. 1,1892. Greenhood, Bohm & Co. KCHICAGO IRON WORKS' GAIL, BUMILLER & UNZICKER : -Builders of G-e.neral- - MIlNINC AND MILLING MACHINERY,* Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills, Smelting and Concentrating Plants, Hoisting and Pumping Works, Cars, Cages, Skips, Ore Buck. ets and Water Buckets, Self-Oiling Car Wheels Corliss Engines, Compound and Condensing En gines and Tramways. .:SOLE AGENTS FOR THE WORTHINGTON PUMPS: Western Representative, Office and Works MENNO UNZICKER, Hawthorne Ave. and Willow St., No. 4 North Main St., Helena. CHICAGO, ILL Wall Paper OFFICE & SCHOOL AT COST! Furniture TI Close Ont. Nos. 112 and 114,. J, R. SANFORO." Broadway. Helene FOWLES' CASH STORE[ Largest Stock. !DOLLS Lowest Prices. FOWLES' - CASH- STORE, rho Lcadingy MiliLe'ry, Notion and Fancy Dry Gooda Ho.se in thiib .