1 abd ,trClvtk County's TSMh,
sip. A4lJoun Ai0er Inter.,
twia oa.it Cost of 84uoaes
c lls Attention to the Ast ofthe i.eel
lature Providlng for Compulsoiry
be County Teachers' istitute, of Lewis
d Clarke. closed yesterday, after an in
ting apd very profitable sessin. Or
ography was the fetet subject ypsterdky,
Let the roll sall. It was handed in a
etieal manner by Mi.t Frano Magness.
* suggested as supplementary to the par.
it of this branch a thorough aoquaint
e with Webster's key to the unabridged
otionary. Miss Friendlioh assisted Miss
egress with a paper which was highly ap.
eolated. In thq spirited discussion which
lowed Miss Hopper strongly advocated
a syntlietio system as an aid in this
snob. Mrs. Avery, Miss Turnley, Miss
athias, Mts. De Camp, Mit. Young, Mite
sob and others also took part in th6 dis
mion. The Model TeaPher waspresented
a masterly style by Miss Friendlioh, In
e discussien some lofty ideals of this
e charrater were presented by Mre,
ung, Miss Magness and Mr. Merritt,
ing to the 'on-appearane of IL G.
helps, who was down on the programme
r a diseussion on Business Arithmetic
d Short Methods, the subject was omit
The afternoon session was devoted to the
seial branches. A brief and practical
per on drawing wan given by Miss Gets.
r. Merritt contineed the subject by some
marks on the importance of mechaniscal
awing in the sohbols. Excellent pap.re
this subject were read. Mr. Harsh
ing absent, his place was supplied by
rf. Engelhorn, who gave his opinions re
rding the necessity of teaching riting
rough all the grade*. A recess followed,
ring whioh the teachers were delightfully
tertaiaed by Madame Medini singing
o beautiful selections. She afterwards
ve a short talk on music in the publio
heols. She told the teachers that she be
eyed it could be successfully pursued, but
o study of music should be obligatory in
e high school. This closed the regular
rogramme of the institute. Trustee
nthrie made a short speech, the loevity of
hich was forgiven, as his remarks were
ighly comforting to the teachers assem
led. Trustee Langhorne followied the
aurs be usually pursues during a session
f the trustees. He was brief, byt to the
int. and his words were welcome. Much
edit is due Miss Turnley county superin
ndent, for the admirable way in which
is condueted the sessions, in which she
as ably assisted by the secretary, Miss
The session of the teachers' institute
losed last evening with a most interesting
ad instructive address by State SBperin
ndent Ganneon. It was greatly appre
lated by all present. Prof. Gannon said:
"We have a difficult problem to present
-night in the subject to which we invite
our attention for a few moments, but can
e show this to you in such a manner that
change for the better may be inaugurated,
" shall feel that we have been amply re
aid in the awakened interest which the
There is an old but true saying, that
show me the school and I will read the
uture of your people," whioh has more of
uth in it than we are willing to admit,
ud, to the casual observer, the people of
ontana are doing all that will tend to ele
ate their children which lies in their
ower. But bear with us, and let as look
tthe matter of school expenditures and
ce whether the amounts so generously con
ributed are acoomplishing the purposes in
ended, and if not, to place ourselves in line
ith the most advanced of the progressive
tates of the union.
The people of Lewis and Clarke county
hould know the conditions under which
heir money is being expended by their
ublic servants, but believe that many of
hem do not, hence, it falls to our lot to
oint out, so far as it lies in our power,
hat which we think to be wrong, but in the
oat kindly spirit, as the same conditions
xist in every county and district through
ut the state in a greater or less degree.
The cost of sustaining our schools is one
high demands the attention of all, and
or the purpose of comparison, if you
lease, let us call your attention to the two
,rineipal districts in this county, that is,
hoas which paid the largest amounts for
ohool purposes for the year ending Aug.
1 1890, and having the greatest number of
ohool children within their boundaries.
irst, would be Helena district No. 1, and
rom the report of ydur county superm
endent for the foregoing time, we learn that
here were 2,624 children in the district be
ween five and 21 years of age, from this let
s deduct 324, for those married, and others
ttending school away from home,
his will leave 2,800 that should
ave been in school. The
otal amount paid for school purposes, ex. I
lusive of bonds issued, was $52,286.80.
ad the whole number of children been in
ttendance the cost per capita would hive
sen but $22.78. From the source above
tated, your enrollment was 1,600, and on
his you paid $82.74 for each child, but tak.
og the average daily attendance, which
as 1,012, as a base, and this we think is
e correct one, we find that the cost has
•creased to $51.66 per capita. That is,
ith 68 per cent. only of enrollment in
verags daily attendance, the cost has been
sised $18.92 for each child. Let us sum
arizo: for $52,286.80 paid for school pur
ones, 2,800 should have been schooled, at a
ot f $22.73 each, but actual cost on
verage daily attendance was $51.66.
Second upon the list is Belmont, or
arysville. Here the cost total was $8,
28.28; total number of children be
ween five and 21, 289. On
his the district paid $15.515 per
apita, but the enrollment was 217,
ith per capita at $17.18, while the average
aily attendance was but 182, only 60 per
cent. of enrollment, and on this the cost
was raised to $28.24, This, of course, does
not have the appearance of a paying pro
position, and the question will be asked,
who is responsible for it?. An examination
of the statute reveals the fact that there I
are three classes named, district boards of I
trustees, parents and taxpayers, in whose o
hands the whole matter lies. In section
1921, Montana school law, trustees are I
Rivpn unquestioned authority to compel the
ittendance of children at school for twelve
weeks each year, and six weeks of that time I
to be consecutive, with provisos, which do
not materially change the statement.
Parents have been honored by the legisla.
ture in section 1922, and we cannot under
stand why it is that they will permit their 4
Children to stay at home for one, two or
three days in a week, and in some cases for
weeks together, permitting them to roam
the streets, leatniug those lessons and
acquiring habits which in time to come will
bring sorrow and shame to father and
The taxpayer in section 1928 has a rem
edy, should he choose to use it-and we
most heartily pray that the day may speed
ily come when he will exercise his rights in
the premises-which would result in a
larSely inoreased attendance in our public
In school laws from nearly every state in
the union, recesived at the olfe which we
have the honor to represent, we find com
paliory education acts, which, in the main,
tirs similar to our own, and from the re
ports from state superlntendents we gather
an almost unbroksn line of testlmony in
favor bf snch laws. In addition to this,
the United States commisslonter of edues
tion, with all the most prominent men and
wonmen in the country engaged in educa
tional work,' all speak without reserve and
fora rigid enforcedient of these laws.
Jut there are other factors in the field
which must not be overlookod, and thos
of tit s hool tieny, a
sa t Teah hem that
f b 1.1l1*.
as. mensl t fnheat weane
meanta nlhat imes a pt at tho oonstuwho
trin Amoersoan ides, Amerino history and
patriotia tta oaugh or childfrn show
esentodil by itymbol the most betutiful
that the oan esine uo Tea h them that eery
our a means all that our fathers means
n the Reolutionay wa; tnot it means all or
that she declarational of independencery-libert
meoant; tht it mweao all that b.rthe ontit
tida meant. Teach the that our flag car
rise Amerioan ideas American history and
American feeling. Toema them that every
color means liberty, every thread means
liberty not lawiessnes, not license, but or
through law, an laws for liberty. f
AN IAST SIDE WEDDING.
Samuel l. Henry and Luln U. Miller
United In Marriage.
The residence of Mr. and Mrs. William
Woodesok, No. '886 North Davis street, was
the scene of a quiet marriage last evening.
1Rev, B. W. Oaks performed the ceremony,
whlah united Samftl E. Henry, headwaiter
Al "a*e Hqlesa. an Mis Lubl M. Millri.
The witisises were Alonzo Leatherberry
and Miss Wilson. After the few friends
present had finished their cohgratulations
thebride was supised with the presenta
tion of a fine gold watch and chain by the
yonug men who have long been associates
of the groom. Mr. Leatherberry intro
dueed Mr. Woodson, who presented the
Jewel in the following language.
"Mrs. Lalu M. Henry: Allow me in the
name of the friends here assembled to pre
sent your ladyship with this small trophy
as a token of their lasting esteem. The soi
ence of language has never been equal to
the emotions of the heart, but for want of
better neanse we are compelled to use it to
express our hatred; our friendship, our joys,
our sorrows and our love; it should be ee
pecially gratifying to you as the free choioe
of a man whom we all honor and respect,
to see that by this small token that we, his
friends, deolare .for you that friendship
which some here have given to him since
childhood, and united by the most sacred
bond which heaven holds dear to the chil
dren of men, in after years it may somes
times be pleasant to look at this trophy and
know that you were started together on your
new voyage of life by the best wishes of
stalwart friends whose good will was guar
anteed to you eveni beyond the grave. And
npw to you, sir, what can we say? Long
trusted and true friend that you have been,
we would be loth to give you up to any
other than her whom youn have chosen. As
it is, we know that you do not like us less but
have learned to love her more. May the
ehanges and inteSohanges throoah which
you are to pass only make that love more
sacred and thes pleasures more blispful,
and if time decree that your peaceful abode
shall be disturbed by little jewels more noisy
and precious than this,' we hope that for
tune will not be slow in wreathing your
brow with laurels of prosperity and plenty,
while she, your wife, is wreathed in flowers
of peace, and when old age steals upon you
we hope you will be able to look back over
a well-spent life, and one in which the best
wishes of bour friends have been more than
realized. And now having said enough in
eaur effort to express those feelings which
no one has ever yet.enpressed, we conclude.
in the language of the poet:
"May earth's choicest bleesings
Illuminate thy way,
And Heaven's purest sunshine
Grow brighter each day.
May pleasures moat blissful
And joy wrsathe thy brow.
And friends ever love thee
As we love thee now."
Mr.' Henry responded with deep, friendly
feeling for his old associates. Presenta
tions were also made by Mr. Miles A. York,
the Herena hotel and Geo. M. Lee.
Mr. Woodson's presentation speech was
made in the name of the following friends
of Mr. and Mrs. Henry:
Alonzo Leatherberry, Jos. L. Vass, Joshua
Lewis, William Johnson, A. M. Daily. Thos.
Brown. Lewis Williams, J. W. Taylor, H.
T, McFarland, Nesbitt Frazier, James D.
Pernell, Miles A. York. Harry King, Samuel
J. Wright, Geo. E. Irvin, Charley Reed,
George H. Woodson.
Miss M. F. Grogan is now prepared to deall
kinds of writing at her office, 108 Granite block
Mineral baths at Mineral Springs Hotel
only 25 eeants..
Go to Th Beeaive for wedding presents and
A Tourist Dies in Helene.
Frederick Greenild, a German appar
ently about 40 years old, died in the tour
ist car of the east-bound express as the
train was approacohing Helena last evening.
The cause of his death was unknown thoue h
eight bottles of whisky which he had with'
him may have had something tq do with it.
He had a trunk, a few letters in his pocket,
one of which was from his brother in Madi
son, Wis., and about $6 in money. Dr.
Rockman telegraphed the news tp his
brother and took charge of the body. He
will hold an inquest this morning. "
Thanksgiving dinner at the Misses
Nagle's Merchants hotel dining room, only
The display of holiday novelties in Butcher &
Bradley's window, is the finest ever seen in
Notie to Patrons.
From and after the last day of November
we will discontine running our wagons.
Fresh cream can .always be had at 303
Batter delivered to .regular customers
Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Orders for ice cream promptly filled and
Hiss Mary E. Jackman gives private
lessons in shorthaLnd. Room 15 Bailey
Do not tail to see the large line of holiday
goods at The Bee Hive,
. .............-r-- - --..... .---r--
Licenses were issued yesterday to the fol
lowing. all of HAlena: William C. Smith,
aged 22, Goldie M. Manning, aged 19; Sam
nel E,. Henry, dged 30, Lulu M. Miller, aged
20; Arthliq Schimpf, aged 21, Bertha bee
Iemomber that The Bee Hlve is headquarters
for all kinds of holiday goods.
Hasn opened a hay, grain, feed, produce and
commission business on corner Main street
and Eighth avenue, Give him a call.
Tlhe Weekly ln 1lepentdent, I pages to
Jan. 1, 1803, for *1.
Go to Butcher & Bradley's for noions, hoslery
anderwear and corsets. We lead in low prices.
- I Powder
Ied in Millions o rHomes--o Years the st.a
KIN PIR AND CIDER.
Thanksglving Eve Entertainment
Given by the Helena Board
Oity Attoraiy Or&Ve Explains
How Pumpiklns Grow in
Music and Dancing in the Lebby and
Several Toastse rom aGood
Pumpkin pie and older were served with
out stint at the Board of Trade rooms last
evening. Somebody said 270 pies had been
pr6pared, but there most have been more.
One barrel of older was emptied before the
entertainment was half over and the second
barrel was rolled in while John W. Eddy
was delivering his poem on the Bonanza
state to a crowd out in the lobby. The
rooms and the three galleries of the lobby
were crowded with members of the board
and hbeir guests for nearly three
hours and the supply of pie
and older was not exhausted. The seats at
the long table were kept filled. As soonas
a chair was given up a dozen people were
ready to take it. The pies were well cooked
and served on small wooden platters.
Large new tin pans, heaped with popcorn,
were placed at intervals on the table near
large piles of doughnuts. Those who did
not drink cider were given lil the rich milk
they could drink. The only thing lacking
to round-of the entertainment was the
presence of the Custer county
ranchmen who raised the pumpkins.
They were remembered, however, by City
Attorney Craven, who landed the fertile
land of Custer county to the skies. He
gave the history of the pumnkin from the
dawn of history down to the present day.
The further he got away from the past the
bagger grew the pumpkins, until he reasohed
the ranchman who went to sleep with a
pumpkin seed in his pocket one warm day
in eastern Montana. The seed fell out of
hi pocket and are* so fast that he was
awakened by the vine dragging him over
At 10 e'clock enough space was cleared in
the lobby to furnish room for the dancers.
Excellerit musio was furnished by the
Helena Elite orchestra. At this time the
crowd became so large that Chief Justice
Blake, who was toast-master, decided to
give up the toasts, but a little later on they
were given. Goy. Toole was down on the
programme to respond to Irrigation. He
was in Bozeman yesterday. and could
not get back in time to be
present. The governor sent a telegram
expressing his regrets. Col. Sanders was
also expected to speak, but had to leave last
night for Washington. Rev.-F. D. Kelsey,
So, D., pastor of the Congregational church
was the first to speak. His toast was the
American Thanksgiving. All the ladies ap
planded when he said he had two things to
be thankful for-orthodox theology and a
first-class wife. Mr. Eddy's poem "Bonanza
Sitate" was a gem. Ex-Chief Justice
McConnell poked some fun nt
the Helena Board of Trade when
he was introduced by President Par
chebn. Then he told what a powerful
organization it was in advancing the pros
perity not only of the city but the entire
state. The judge was in excellent spirits
and said in spite of his gray hairs there
beat beneath his breast a heart as youthful
as any in the company. When he spoke
about the minerals of Montana and the
lavish hand nature had displayed here the
lobby was filled with applause. "The
Ladies" was the last toast. Hon. E. W.
Knight responded. He said he thought it
was a joke at first when he had been
asked to speak, for he had been responding
to the toast for twenty years. Practico has
made him perfect. Bright eyes and beauty
surrounded him and looked down at him
through the white electric light slashed
with red, white and blue streamers
swung from the gallery rails. He
drew a touching picture of the'influence of
women in the progress of the race to'high
ideals. When the applause died out Presi
dent Parchen thanked. the large coompany
for its presence and said there was still
more pie left.
The lies were made from the mammoth
pumpkins sent to Helena last summer from
Custer county and placed on exhibition at
the Montana state fair. After the fair they
were taken to the Board of 'Irade rooms,
where they covered a large stand extending
across the room. Some were as large as
Thanksgiving dinner at the Missen
Nagle's Merchants hotel dining room, only
A line stock of dry goods and fancy goods
to be sold at 50 cents on the dollar at 121
Broadway, In Denver block.
Sam'I K. Davis' Special
10,000 Jersey Blue, good purchase.
10,000 Iron Mountain, A 1 stock.
10,000 Copper Bell (bargain).
10,000 0. R. N., (bargain).
1,000 Bald Butte. 100 to 250, (sate invest
500 Helena & Victor (safe investment).
1,600 Poorman, (Ocenr d'Alene), (safe in
5.000 Cumberland, (safe investment).
8,000 California, (sate investment).
Any one of the above are purchases at the
prices offered. bmaller lots can be had
at low rates.
S Rooms 26 and 27, Bailey Block.
The Bee Hive has a large stock of sleds,
wagons, children's desks, furniture, doll eabe,
Hay, grain, feed and fuel delivered
promptly at lowest market rates by Her
ert Nicholson & Co., Ltd., corner Park
avenue and Edwarde street. Telephone
It Is Approaching.
Nothing adds so much to a well set
Thanksgiving dinner as having the same
served out of sparkling, rainbow-hued, out
crystal and sterling silverware, especially
in a silver state. C. B. Jaoquemin & Co.
are receiving their now and elegant goods in
these lines. Don't fail to go and look at
F'rosh lot of New York Counts, In shell, at the
Kid body, Frenoh limb, bisaue jointed, rubber,
rag aend stagted dolis of all kinds at The uie
Give Him a Call.
G. H. Taylor. on Broadway, suceessor to
H. Whitehead, deals in all kinds of house
hold furniture, new and second hand goods.
Parties having household goods for sale
will do well to give him a cell. Parties out
of town desiring cheap furniture should
call on him when in the city. All kinds of
Christmas goods now open at The ee Hive.
To malke ýQopn for our Chr~ttmas
Stock we shall offer special bar
gains in every department for the
next ten days,
Our special' sale of Plush Coats,
Jackets and Newmarkets will be
continued for another week at the
iame liberal reductions.
In our Dress Goods depn.rtmornt
we are offering all Pattern Dresses
at about half price.
We have just received in our
Domestic department a very beau
tiful line of Silk Comfortables,
which we offerat attractive prices.
They would make a nice Xmas
Our Fur department Is complete.
See out special prices on Muffs,
Boas, Collars and Capes.
. KNIT GOODS AND MITTENS-
Our assortment in these goods is
so large we have not space to de
soribe the different qualities, but
we would call special notice to our
new line of Silk Mittens for Misses
In Hosiery and Underwear our
lines were never as complete. A
full assortment of the celebrated
Munsing Underwear constantly
kbpt in stock, both in Silk and
Store open until 8:30 p, m.
Raleigh & Clarke.
Leaders of Low Prices.
25 per cent less than eastern prices,
All sizes and lengths in stock.
ROBES, RUGS, CAPS, ETC.
MEN'S FUR GOATS,
GLOVES AND CAPS,
HOUSEKEEPERS! ' SERVANTSI
Washing made easy. No boiling of
clothes or soaking over night necessary.
No scrubbboard needed. You need not
bend over tub and get a lame back, or in
hale odor of seap ends. No odor of wash
ing, from efects of boiling clothes, through
the heouse. You can wash your Laces.
Flannels, Linens, Blankets-in fact, every
thing, and make like new without wear or
tear on cloth. Thework that takes you one
half day to do you can.now do in one hour.
We Let You Try a Machinel
by taking it home. If it does not do all we
claim, you need not keep it or pay for it.
A child ten years old can do the family
washing as easy as a grown person. Call
and see the
RNw Era Washing Machines,
that revolutionize the metho4 of washing
clothes. The apparatus weighs only eight
pounds. We invite country people as well
as city folks to call and see the machinen
STURROCK & BROWN, Agts.
FOR SALE AT 4 BARGAIN.
4,80 -Carat Montana Sapphires-.4,000
A rare chance for any person
wishing to procure these beautitl I
gems. On exhibition at the ofhlce
of D. A. Richardson, Mining Broker,
We are making a Specialty
D. DESOLA, MENDES & CO.
Cutters of Diamonds and Precions Etones,
51 and b8 Maiden Lane, New York.
To Those Who Wish to Know
More About Numbers.
Mr. E. W. Roblas. is now prepared to give
private instruetloas I thiL new sytenm of om
putnlug by comparisos. Persons ofr liated ed
ueatlon who har but little time to devote to
study will Sad the system invaluable as it enabaes
them to aOquin, the greetet pousible amount of
prartloable informatlon in the least eposasil,
time: simollity, aoeuracy and brevity are tie
leadiing featuce of the work. For artliculare,
reference, terms, cell on
MR., ROBINS. AT 843, 11 AVE.
T. 0. POWER & 60.,
-JOBBERS AND DALERBS IN·
Minig and FarM a M i
STEAM BOILERS; PUMPS AND HOISTS,
Wire IEoist;ing Rope, 1ito .
Wagons--Ouatz, Lumber and Farm--Wagons
Fence Wire, Wind Mills and Pumps.
50 DIFFERENT STYLES OF VEHICLES.
In order to make room for Winter GCoods will close out Vehicles
at. an advance of 10 per cent. above cost, Call and so3 for yourself
4I.DONOGHUE & M'CARTHY,.l*
PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS.
Sanitary Work a Specialty, - Jobhing Prolntly Attended To
TELEPHONE No. 89. No. 34 PARK AVENUE.
To Be Closed Out by Jan. 1
Owing to our most extensive and widespread wholesale
business, which for the past few years has grown to such an
extent, we are now compelled to give up our retail depart
ment and wish to do so in the shortest time possible.
Our kind friends and patrons, who have traded with us
'r for so many years will do well to take advantage of the bar
gains we have to offer in CLOTHING, GENT'S FURNISH
ING GOODS, HATS, CAPS, Etc., as we must and will olose
out our Retail Stock by Jan. 1,1892.
Greenhood, Bohm & Co.
KCHICAGO IRON WORKS'
GAIL, BUMILLER & UNZICKER
: -Builders of G-e.neral- -
MIlNINC AND MILLING MACHINERY,*
Gold Mills, Wet and Dry Crushing Silver Mills,
Smelting and Concentrating Plants, Hoisting and
Pumping Works, Cars, Cages, Skips, Ore Buck.
ets and Water Buckets, Self-Oiling Car Wheels
Corliss Engines, Compound and Condensing En
gines and Tramways.
.:SOLE AGENTS FOR THE WORTHINGTON PUMPS:
Western Representative, Office and Works
MENNO UNZICKER, Hawthorne Ave. and Willow St.,
No. 4 North Main St., Helena. CHICAGO, ILL
Wall Paper OFFICE &
AT COST! Furniture
TI Close Ont.
Nos. 112 and 114,. J, R. SANFORO." Broadway. Helene
FOWLES' CASH STORE[
FOWLES' - CASH- STORE,
rho Lcadingy MiliLe'ry, Notion and Fancy Dry Gooda Ho.se in thiib .
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