Newspaper Page Text
Dec .- a a reaeat ad Soeral lub of Kan I ha engineer in e t of the Missouri a 4 7 ' $t . Louis, i tof bcomplete Im wly equal $5,000 like a large u, but it is remembered that co mef in.igle track 000 In the north $48,143, and in the rtt $8210 With such improve Sr Mr. Yonge's estimate s it will have carrying oapso Itty js t'il*e track railroads.. r l ad atea of about ones-ifth Srates. h ýis the experience Ameloaun aterways of equal i~. b re this result is the ob e I mprovement convention Dec. 1and 16. It is pro h this m0ting shall take steps to s the cmpltefatProvement of the en SGoverors, senatoresand repre esl tongreas, senators and repre a state legislatures, mayors in Ad cities, nd presidents of all com odies, are invited to seats in the n, besides which all commercial are invited to appoint delegates. All ld attend and make suor an expression subject as will commandprompt and eiit acion on the part of congress. value of theb improvement of the iari er is beat "illustrated by the f s which show what effect it would have tpon the grain-producing interests of the bordaill states. While the yield of wheat Ihaa been increasing annually for the past wenty years, the foreign demand has fallen from 188,000,00 bushels in 1880 to 46,000, )Q00 behle in 1889. The American price as declined from $1.81 per bur.el in 1873 gradlily and persxstently to 89 cents per ..ahel i1 1889. This state of facts in the United States is closely connected with a imtilar state of facts existing in Great Britain. 'With a very 'slight decrease in oe pdd proct in the past ten years there is bete an increase in importation of 100 per Cent., and the price in the English mar et has .f.allen steadily from fifty-seven S~billis ee pence per quarter in 1975 to thirty shillings eight pence per quarter in 188.. The change in the English market price is the direct cause of the change in the Amerioan market price. Our surplns is sold: in the English market, and the 'alue of our entire crop in the hands of the producer is its value in' the English market, less the slost of carriage and handling: for the sur ~ple which we send abroad, however small, xhs 'the price of the entire crop at home. The deoreased value in the English market and the deerease of American exportations ie did to the Ierease of the Indian cropn rm and toimportationsinto Great Britain from mhdia sinte the opening of the Suez canal. exist = wase about 1872 that thefirst experimental a sin AsAhipments were made from India, but with com] the opening of the Suez canal the importa- and tiOns from that country increased so rapidly peop that as early as 1886 the receipts therefrom Its were over forty millions of bushels. These that fasts show very clearly that it is the Indian dnce wheat, with its cheap water transportation. ratre that has depressed the English and rates Anterican priesand is driyving the Americans duct ht tof the English market. The girocm- grail stases is beyondthecontrol of theAmerican hunt people, and our only protection against it lakei ies n the reduction of the cost of deliver- per .nc American wheat in the Enclish market. whil I'he prevailing rate on the Mississippi river from St. Louis to New Orleans is about S. i sents per bushel. With improvement of the Missouri river the same rate can be realized on that stream, which will make the charge not to exceed eight cents per bushel from Kansas City to New Orleans. ten cents from Omaha, twelve cents from Sioux City and Yankton, which would be a great saving over the present rate of deliv ering wheat from these points to New York. The reduction in the cost of transportation would be an enhancement in the value of the wheat in the hands of farmers, and would apply to the whole crop. Let any one figure what this would amonnt to from his own locality and he can readily see that it means millions of dollars annually to the farmers of the Missouri valley, which is prosperity for all classes of business. One reason for the improvement of the Water ways of this country is that they are necessary for the handling of the crops and mining output. The experience Qf the past few weeks has shown that all the railroads in the coantry, using all of their cars, can got move the crops of the Missouri valley with reasonable promptitude. Every city of any importance on the way from the farms has been clamoring for cars and rail ways have refused to accept grain, because they must either do this or reject snore profitable business. The fact is the rail roads do not want this business when they can get rid of it. In order to haul the freight that went down the river from Ilt. Louis last year, by rail, would require one train of forty ears every fifteen minutes for the entire year. Twenty-eight million tons of freight by water alone, and with a com paratively large amount this year, the roads are short of cars as soon as the grain move meat sets in. Without the relief by water on the rivers, lakes and canals, they would be utterly unable to handle the commerce of this country with three times the equip ment they now have. This is a good rea son for increasing the number and captacity of the water ways, including the Missouri system from Montana to the gulf. Water transportation has always been conceded to be the best regulator of railway charges; but the best statement of the case . which has been made for a long time is the call for a river improvement convention at Kansas City on Dec. 15 and 16. This quotes the general average of the rates of the states bordering on the great lakes at .0790 S of a cent per ton per mile; while it is 1.0101 : cents in the northwestern and 1.3,0 in the southwestern. The difference is entirely due to the influence of the lakes, as is shown in the testimony of Albert Fink be fore the senate committee on interstate commerce in 1885. When referring to the method of snaktng rates in the lake states said that "the rate botween Chicago and ew York, which is generally detenmined the gompeting water rates, is taken no ,e basis of the tariff. When thbi is estab , a table which has been prepare.cd, based upon the relative distances of other points to point of destination of the freight. the corresponding rate from other citis the territory east of theMissiasippi and north of Ohio." In other words, Srailway rates in these states are propor i d the rate along the lake shore, ih i determined by water competition. edvantage this is to the lake states is w In the call to have amounted to f73, B7.7 on the tonnage movement of 1890' as ed with the rate in the northwestern a d l$14,071,9413 as compared with I tthe oauthwestern states, Spovement of the Missouri river pny water transportation in the S sounthwestern states equal , which will save to these So go movement as that of uriof ,17,43l,i7 and ;87,884,]10, seiakin a total annual sa vinc usness of $,318,77; besides 4d stimualte every line of S into existence large A s which do not now FOR TME FIRST TIME IN HELENA The People are offered Firstclass Goods for less money than Job Lots of Trash are offered them by the Novelty Department Stores., WE ARE THE LEADERS IN CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, LAMPS, SILVERWARE TINWARE, ETC., ETC., And will give goods away before allowing our lines to be substituted by trash which is kept only by people who are always on the Hurrah and make 300 per cent. on goods that you think you are getting cheap, and you bet this is a fact, regardless of any advertising scheme. We guarantee everything as represented and stand ready and willing to sell and deliver the goods advertised below to the consumers only, as our competitors could save money by buying them. Semi-Porcelain Dinner Set, $7.20--- Eight Open-Stock Patterns of Dinnerware to Select From, --- Decorated Chamber Sets, $2,60 This Cut Shows An © 1 Set Nickel Silver Teaspoons leat Embossed Lmp Warranted to Wear Ten Years. Firstclass in Every Particular. Lr I Y. 40, •. o LY - _.40._ 1 Set Nickel Silver Tablespoons I VWarranted to Wear Ten Years. ALL LAMPS - ý " e ONLY 80c SGreatly fRduced Prices . 2 Tinware at Cost. F. EDWDS 19 South Main St. exist. Thre saving on present business of Ssingle year will more than pay for the bomplete improvement of the entire river, end give it over to the enjoyment of the people for all time to come. Its great advantage is shown in the fact hat after water competition has so re Inued the cost of railroad transit, water ratee are still about half the prevailing ates on such articles as constitute the pro. oaotions of the country. For instance. ;rain costs but one mill and forty-five hundreths of a mill per ton per mile on the .akes and one and sixty hundreths of a mill per ton per mile on the Mississippi river; while the lowest rates which railroads make is at least five mills ver ton per mile. The improvement of the Missouri river as proposed by the convention will make rates equally as low, which will reduce the cost of grain freights to from two to four conta per bushel from all Missouri river pointso to St. Louis. which added to the rate of six cents per bushel now pro vailing between that city and New Orleans, would make rates of eight to ten cents per bushel from Missouri river points to the tide-water, as against the prevailing rate of twenty-tive cents to New York. The differ iarce would make the Missouri valley farm ers rich, and give a creat impetus to every class of business. Governors, senators and representatives in congress, senators and representatives in state legislatures, mrayors of towns arid cities and proesidents of cocr mercial bodies are entitled to seats in the convention, besides which commercial bodies are invited to appoint delegates. Some people affect to doubt the feasibility of so improving the waterways of the United States that they will contain a uni form depth of channel at low water. In support of this proposition thev say that the failure of the navigable capacity of the Missouri river is due to natural causes, and that all efforts to improve it have failed heretofore. Congress is not inclined to ap propriate large sums of money upon un certainties and will not follow up one fail ure with another. This belief is too prevalent among the people of the Missouri valley. .If they know what is good for themselves, and it is presumed they do, they will do what Con gressman Tarsney and nine :of his collea gues did recently-investigate. That the re-establishment of commerce on the river would be of immense value in the carriage of celeals and the produce of mines, is in disputable. That the river can be con trolled is equally certair. The cause of the so-called failures in the river was cleverly outlined by Mr. Tarsney in a recent address. "Instead of spending the money according to the scientifle plans of the engineers of the army, it Ihas been spent according to the ecientilic plans of nremhses of couarese." A cheel!ne has been rlade and good resenlt are already appar ent. At an expense of $2,000,000 per year for ten years, a system of p1ermeable dikes can be put in the Messouri river from Sioux City to the mouth, guarauteeing an average depth of ei:lht feet at low water. The cost of the imprrovements now being rmade is about $5'2,000 permile, The esand depositod in one arile of the river in rectifying the clhannel and protecting cavinre bends amounts to two and one-half million feet. T'o collect this sand would coet $300,000. The river can be made navigable for about the sarce armount per mile that it would cost to build one single track rail rued. It will have the carrying capacity of thirty such roads, and is besides free to the peoplel1. Anybody can .se it whor wishes to. It rarely is closed by ice now, and with leeper water to float oilff broken floes, the danger of gorges wounl be obviated to a very great extent. With the river opened crnd improved fully to New Orleans, the closing of the northern likes could not be used as un excuse for ilnmediate advance of rates on grain for export. 'This ques tion will be discussed at the coming con vention at Kanras City, I)ec. 15 and 16. A Muillion Friends. A friend in need is a friend indeed, and not less than one million people have found just such a friend in Dr. King's New Dis covery for consumption, coughs and colds. If you have never used that great couch medicine one trial will convince you that it has wonderlul curative powers in all dis eases of throat, chest and lungs. Each bot tle is gucaranteed to do all that is claimred or money will be refunded. Triral bottles free at ii. S. Hale & Co's. drug store. Icarge bottles, 500 and $1. NEWS OF THE RAILWAYS. uhlcago's Great Road, the Famous Maple Leaf Line. The Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City was the first railroad in the country to issue special transportation advertising for the World's fair at Chicago. That is enterprise and an illustration of the sort of manage ment that within a few years has trans formed the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City from a short and unimportant line, with little to encoarage its continuanee, to one of the most prominent and most popu lar lines in the northwest. With its termi nals in Chicago, Kansas City and St. Paul, it unites the east, the northwest and the southwest. The territory it embraces is the garden spot of America. In it dwell 8,000,000 people whom this great road ao commodates. The great states of Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri and Kansas are tapped by its lines. The general headquarters of the road is at St. Paul, while the freight and pas senger departments direct their business from Chicago. In the latter city the com pany's trains arrive at and depart f-om the Grand Central passenger station, com eleted at the beginning of the present year, and acknowledged to be without a peer in this country. The three main lines of the road unite at Oelwein, in Northeastern Iowa. Aside from these are several short branches, all of importance, the longest being from Sumner to Hampton. Iowa. The latter state is divided nearly in halves by the road, which crosses its very finest portion. The milease is Missouri, Kansas and Minnsota is comparatively small, but in Illionois again increases, the northern and most populous part of the Prairie state reverberating to the thunder of its train:s. Much of the success of the road is due to the ability and energy of a railway man well known to many in Rooheeter, W. It. Busenbark, the traffic manager of the road. In his intercourse with the patrons of the road he has won thousands of friends for himself and his company. The equipment of the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City is unexcelled by that of any road in the country. Its vestibuled com partment sleeping cars are modelsof lux cry, comfort and convenienbe. No other lines west of Chicago rans compartment sleeping cars. The dining car service is fally up to the requirements of the most fastidious and luxury-loving of modern travelers. In short the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City is the best line between Chi Sesago and St. Paul, Minneapolis and the 3 northwest, between Chicago and the prin cipal points in Iowa, between Chicago and F the southwest. Persons going from east ern points to Chicago and beyond will do well to bear these facts in mind.--lIochea ter, N. Y., Democrat and Chronicle, Oct. r 29, 1891. \Wisdom's Violet Cream SIs the most exquisite preparation in the t world for eoftening and whitening tht. hands and face. It is not only a subttitute I for, but in every respect superior to glyc.r ins, cold cream, vaseline, and like prepare l tions. Trr it. Excursiln Rates to California. t On the 15th of each month the Northern Pacifie railroad will sell roand trip ticketa to California moints as follows: i Helena to tan Francisco and return, I going via Portland and returnin! same i way, $75. ' To San Francisco, going via Portland a an sreturning via Olgden and Silver Bow, 'iTo Los Angeles, going and returning via Portland, entering SHn Francisco in one direction either going or returning, $89. To Los Angeles, going via Portland and San Francisco and returning same route, To Los Angeles, going via Portland and sun Franoisco, returning via Sacramento I and Ogden, $99.59. i Tickets will be limited for sixty days for going passage, with return at any time within the final limit of six months. A. D. EDnoa, (ien. Agt., Helena, Mont. SCaas. I. FBx, G. P. Ac . A., St. Paul, Minn Thousands of iuffering Women. Delicate women who complain of tired i feeling, pains in the back and loins, desire to sleep, dizziness, painful or suppressed menstruation, will find in Oregon Kidney Tea a faithful friend. Itoan be relied utoc in every instanoe to give immediate relief from kidney and urinary troubles Thou. sands of women are suffering every day from some disorder of the kidneys or liver, who might be permanently cured by using Oregon Kidney Tea. Dyspepsia. That nightmare of man's existence which makes food a mockery and banishes sleep from weary eyes, readily yields to the po tent influence of the colebrated English Dandelion Tonic. It tones no the digestive organs, restores the appetite, makes as similation of food possible and invigorates the whole system. All druggists sell it at $1 per bottle. Rick Headlutta: :! roliovr all tlhe troubles ilnet tiselt Hs or risuerst: of the astem. such s: retlOarlkr.bte: t'tcest lua hl, bes shop;n In cuto;: Trt- ..ho. v,, ('.t. ,.,t't I t.ITTre L 'VER ? : ",wl 11",i,.utln.i h.:::tru ýll.ao y.,,.V,:,!: Et it ii thiy o ? olyeeid "-he the," wonuhl itho lhin:t |,rlechi to sbtrts h, r f:',:. this d a.str':ainr ronril, tini' ri; r or,"k:tely thir gooit does tt, t rnh tr, , vlOr e tr tht , weto , lr":s" lttl h l i.ills ::a itabtl in s nmauy w ys that theiy still oI ',I t...;int to do without themo But after .. o1 :ck h.cad ACHN Is the bar:ie of so matny lives that hero In where we oak- our 'L atL boast. Our "ills cure it while titters elo t.ot. (,AR'rt.:s Tcrrt: E IVER PIltt.s are very small and very tlsv to take. One or two pills inmake a dose. 'Teyt are strictly vegetuthle and do not gripe otr ptsige, ,otl; ty their gren t, action pleaust all twh -.o theten In vialslL t P! eettst; ive for $1. :ib: everywhere, or sellt by mail. CA TEP lt EDCINE CO., Nil Trlt hd 5 na e, %ad 1o, ............................ Recently the follolowin Noice appeared in the Nan Francsacoe Cltrosnicl. * 'udge S- Ihad bcerl siick only about two week;, ilad it was nit until tlte tt tllttre or four days thalt the totntdy tol a ,iCnt fats trtl. At the hrgititt ofhbl ilfrsti e t sumitht :I fronlt diabhetes tnd t',tontnchl diSotdert. tater tht" kidneys refused to perftormt their fitlctionsand hre passed quietly away. Thus ended the life of oe ofore the mnOstt pIroltinent 1I1 ill Call firiliao" Like thou:tanlds of others his Out timely death wait the result of ueglec ti.g early synmptomrs ofkitdney diserae. ....A.. IF YOU - ..... are troulled with diabeter., gtever, or nt y die rallgentlclltt of tte kidltrve or urillals' ltr or , doint't drlay proper tctrettcrnt utlil ylou are forced to give llp yOtur daily duties; don,'t1 waste your money on woltllevrs lhtinirtts and wolrst pl:stters, tut strike at the seat of thetllmese at ol t" Iby tlsi thle greatlest ofrtlt knlowll reulterlie, the c*l"'trated (rtrletl KidI tey Te,. It I , tsavetd the tives of thllltlandtll Why shouldll it ttnt rure yollt 'fry it. Pertl[y vegetable and pleasant l o o take,. $1.00 a pack age, 6 for $T.OO1. H. M. PARCHEN & CO. LEADING WHOLESALE AND) RETAIL DRUGGISTS Carry Carry the Largest ,' i,,ý the Largest and and Most Com- Most Com plete plete Stock in IStock in Montan a. Montana. Buying in Large Quantities from First Hands we offer Bargains in Goods that no other house can do. THE LARGEST LINE OF THE Leading Perfuies, Toilet Soaps, Toilet Articles COMBS AND BRUSHES IN THE CITY. We are Just Opening Our HOLIDAY GOODS on which we offer Special Figurers to Cash Buyers. PARCHEN'S CORNER, HELENA.