Dec .- a a reaeat ad
Soeral lub of Kan
I ha engineer in
e t of the Missouri
a 4 7 ' $t . Louis,
i tof bcomplete Im
wly equal $5,000
like a large u, but
it is remembered that
co mef in.igle track
000 In the north
$48,143, and in the
rtt $8210 With such improve
Sr Mr. Yonge's estimate
s it will have carrying oapso
Itty js t'il*e track railroads..
r l ad atea of about ones-ifth
Srates. h ýis the experience
Ameloaun aterways of equal
i~. b re this result is the ob
e I mprovement convention
Dec. 1and 16. It is pro
h this m0ting shall take steps to
s the cmpltefatProvement of the en
SGoverors, senatoresand repre
esl tongreas, senators and repre
a state legislatures, mayors in
Ad cities, nd presidents of all com
odies, are invited to seats in the
n, besides which all commercial
are invited to appoint delegates. All
ld attend and make suor an expression
subject as will commandprompt and
eiit acion on the part of congress.
value of theb improvement of the
iari er is beat "illustrated by the
f s which show what effect it would have
tpon the grain-producing interests of the
bordaill states. While the yield of wheat
Ihaa been increasing annually for the past
wenty years, the foreign demand has fallen
from 188,000,00 bushels in 1880 to 46,000,
)Q00 behle in 1889. The American price
as declined from $1.81 per bur.el in 1873
gradlily and persxstently to 89 cents per
..ahel i1 1889. This state of facts in the
United States is closely connected with a
imtilar state of facts existing in Great
Britain. 'With a very 'slight decrease in
oe pdd proct in the past ten years there
is bete an increase in importation of 100
per Cent., and the price in the English mar
et has .f.allen steadily from fifty-seven
S~billis ee pence per quarter in 1975 to
thirty shillings eight pence per quarter in
188.. The change in the English market
price is the direct cause of the change in
the Amerioan market price. Our surplns is
sold: in the English market, and
the 'alue of our entire crop in the
hands of the producer is its value
in' the English market, less the
slost of carriage and handling: for the sur
~ple which we send abroad, however small,
xhs 'the price of the entire crop at home.
The deoreased value in the English market
and the deerease of American exportations
ie did to the Ierease of the Indian cropn rm
and toimportationsinto Great Britain from
mhdia sinte the opening of the Suez canal. exist
= wase about 1872 that thefirst experimental a sin
AsAhipments were made from India, but with com]
the opening of the Suez canal the importa- and
tiOns from that country increased so rapidly peop
that as early as 1886 the receipts therefrom Its
were over forty millions of bushels. These that
fasts show very clearly that it is the Indian dnce
wheat, with its cheap water transportation. ratre
that has depressed the English and rates
Anterican priesand is driyving the Americans duct
ht tof the English market. The girocm- grail
stases is beyondthecontrol of theAmerican hunt
people, and our only protection against it lakei
ies n the reduction of the cost of deliver- per
.nc American wheat in the Enclish market. whil
I'he prevailing rate on the Mississippi
river from St. Louis to New Orleans is about
S. i sents per bushel. With improvement of
the Missouri river the same rate can be
realized on that stream, which will make
the charge not to exceed eight cents per
bushel from Kansas City to New Orleans.
ten cents from Omaha, twelve cents from
Sioux City and Yankton, which would be a
great saving over the present rate of deliv
ering wheat from these points to New York.
The reduction in the cost of transportation
would be an enhancement in the value of
the wheat in the hands of farmers, and
would apply to the whole crop. Let any
one figure what this would amonnt to from
his own locality and he can readily see that
it means millions of dollars annually to the
farmers of the Missouri valley, which is
prosperity for all classes of business.
One reason for the improvement of the
Water ways of this country is that they are
necessary for the handling of the crops and
mining output. The experience Qf the past
few weeks has shown that all the railroads
in the coantry, using all of their cars, can
got move the crops of the Missouri valley
with reasonable promptitude. Every city
of any importance on the way from the
farms has been clamoring for cars and rail
ways have refused to accept grain, because
they must either do this or reject snore
profitable business. The fact is the rail
roads do not want this business when they
can get rid of it. In order to haul the
freight that went down the river from Ilt.
Louis last year, by rail, would require one
train of forty ears every fifteen minutes for
the entire year. Twenty-eight million tons
of freight by water alone, and with a com
paratively large amount this year, the roads
are short of cars as soon as the grain move
meat sets in. Without the relief by water
on the rivers, lakes and canals, they would
be utterly unable to handle the commerce
of this country with three times the equip
ment they now have. This is a good rea
son for increasing the number and captacity
of the water ways, including the Missouri
system from Montana to the gulf.
Water transportation has always been
conceded to be the best regulator of railway
charges; but the best statement of the case
. which has been made for a long time is the
call for a river improvement convention at
Kansas City on Dec. 15 and 16. This quotes
the general average of the rates of the
states bordering on the great lakes at .0790
S of a cent per ton per mile; while it is 1.0101
: cents in the northwestern and 1.3,0 in the
southwestern. The difference is entirely
due to the influence of the lakes, as is
shown in the testimony of Albert Fink be
fore the senate committee on interstate
commerce in 1885. When referring to the
method of snaktng rates in the lake states
said that "the rate botween Chicago and
ew York, which is generally detenmined
the gompeting water rates, is taken no
,e basis of the tariff. When thbi is estab
, a table which has been prepare.cd,
based upon the relative distances of other
points to point of destination of the freight.
the corresponding rate from other
citis the territory east of theMissiasippi
and north of Ohio." In other words,
Srailway rates in these states are propor
i d the rate along the lake shore,
ih i determined by water competition.
edvantage this is to the lake states is
w In the call to have amounted to f73,
B7.7 on the tonnage movement of 1890' as
ed with the rate in the northwestern
a d l$14,071,9413 as compared with
I tthe oauthwestern states,
Spovement of the Missouri river
pny water transportation in the
S sounthwestern states equal
, which will save to these
So go movement as that of
uriof ,17,43l,i7 and ;87,884,]10,
seiakin a total annual sa vinc
usness of $,318,77; besides
4d stimualte every line of
S into existence large
A s which do not now
FOR TME FIRST TIME IN HELENA
The People are offered Firstclass Goods for less money than Job Lots of Trash are offered
them by the Novelty Department Stores.,
WE ARE THE LEADERS IN
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, LAMPS, SILVERWARE
TINWARE, ETC., ETC.,
And will give goods away before allowing our lines to be substituted by trash which is kept only by people who are
always on the Hurrah and make 300 per cent. on goods that you think you are getting cheap, and you bet this is a fact,
regardless of any advertising scheme. We guarantee everything as represented and stand ready and willing to sell and
deliver the goods advertised below to the consumers only, as our competitors could save money by buying them.
Semi-Porcelain Dinner Set, $7.20--- Eight Open-Stock Patterns of Dinnerware to Select From, --- Decorated Chamber Sets, $2,60
This Cut Shows An © 1 Set Nickel Silver Teaspoons
leat Embossed Lmp Warranted to Wear Ten Years.
Firstclass in Every Particular. Lr I Y. 40, •.
o LY - _.40._ 1 Set Nickel Silver Tablespoons
I VWarranted to Wear Ten Years.
ALL LAMPS - ý " e ONLY 80c
SGreatly fRduced Prices . 2 Tinware at Cost.
F. EDWDS 19 South Main St.
exist. Thre saving on present business of
Ssingle year will more than pay for the
bomplete improvement of the entire river,
end give it over to the enjoyment of the
people for all time to come.
Its great advantage is shown in the fact
hat after water competition has so re
Inued the cost of railroad transit, water
ratee are still about half the prevailing
ates on such articles as constitute the pro.
oaotions of the country. For instance.
;rain costs but one mill and forty-five
hundreths of a mill per ton per mile on the
.akes and one and sixty hundreths of a mill
per ton per mile on the Mississippi river;
while the lowest rates which railroads make
is at least five mills ver ton per mile. The
improvement of the Missouri river as
proposed by the convention will make rates
equally as low, which will reduce the cost
of grain freights to from two to
four conta per bushel from all Missouri
river pointso to St. Louis. which added to
the rate of six cents per bushel now pro
vailing between that city and New Orleans,
would make rates of eight to ten cents per
bushel from Missouri river points to the
tide-water, as against the prevailing rate of
twenty-tive cents to New York. The differ
iarce would make the Missouri valley farm
ers rich, and give a creat impetus to every
class of business. Governors, senators and
representatives in congress, senators and
representatives in state legislatures, mrayors
of towns arid cities and proesidents of cocr
mercial bodies are entitled to seats in the
convention, besides which commercial
bodies are invited to appoint delegates.
Some people affect to doubt the feasibility
of so improving the waterways of the
United States that they will contain a uni
form depth of channel at low water. In
support of this proposition thev say that
the failure of the navigable capacity of the
Missouri river is due to natural causes, and
that all efforts to improve it have failed
heretofore. Congress is not inclined to ap
propriate large sums of money upon un
certainties and will not follow up one fail
ure with another.
This belief is too prevalent among the
people of the Missouri valley. .If they
know what is good for themselves, and it is
presumed they do, they will do what Con
gressman Tarsney and nine :of his collea
gues did recently-investigate. That the
re-establishment of commerce on the river
would be of immense value in the carriage
of celeals and the produce of mines, is in
disputable. That the river can be con
trolled is equally certair.
The cause of the so-called failures in the
river was cleverly outlined by Mr. Tarsney
in a recent address. "Instead of spending
the money according to the scientifle plans
of the engineers of the army, it Ihas been
spent according to the ecientilic plans of
nremhses of couarese." A cheel!ne has been
rlade and good resenlt are already appar
At an expense of $2,000,000 per year for
ten years, a system of p1ermeable dikes can
be put in the Messouri river from Sioux City
to the mouth, guarauteeing an average
depth of ei:lht feet at low water. The cost
of the imprrovements now being rmade is
about $5'2,000 permile, The esand depositod
in one arile of the river in rectifying the
clhannel and protecting cavinre bends
amounts to two and one-half million feet.
T'o collect this sand would coet $300,000.
The river can be made navigable for
about the sarce armount per mile that it
would cost to build one single track rail
rued. It will have the carrying capacity of
thirty such roads, and is besides free to
the peoplel1. Anybody can .se it whor wishes
to. It rarely is closed by ice now, and with
leeper water to float oilff broken floes, the
danger of gorges wounl be obviated to a
very great extent. With the river opened
crnd improved fully to New Orleans, the
closing of the northern likes could not be
used as un excuse for ilnmediate advance
of rates on grain for export. 'This ques
tion will be discussed at the coming con
vention at Kanras City, I)ec. 15 and 16.
A Muillion Friends.
A friend in need is a friend indeed, and
not less than one million people have found
just such a friend in Dr. King's New Dis
covery for consumption, coughs and colds.
If you have never used that great couch
medicine one trial will convince you that it
has wonderlul curative powers in all dis
eases of throat, chest and lungs. Each bot
tle is gucaranteed to do all that is claimred
or money will be refunded. Triral bottles
free at ii. S. Hale & Co's. drug store. Icarge
bottles, 500 and $1.
NEWS OF THE RAILWAYS.
uhlcago's Great Road, the Famous Maple
The Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City was
the first railroad in the country to issue
special transportation advertising for the
World's fair at Chicago. That is enterprise
and an illustration of the sort of manage
ment that within a few years has trans
formed the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas
City from a short and unimportant line,
with little to encoarage its continuanee, to
one of the most prominent and most popu
lar lines in the northwest. With its termi
nals in Chicago, Kansas City and St. Paul,
it unites the east, the northwest and the
southwest. The territory it embraces is
the garden spot of America. In it dwell
8,000,000 people whom this great road ao
commodates. The great states of Illinois,
Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri and Kansas are
tapped by its lines.
The general headquarters of the road is
at St. Paul, while the freight and pas
senger departments direct their business
from Chicago. In the latter city the com
pany's trains arrive at and depart f-om the
Grand Central passenger station, com
eleted at the beginning of the present year,
and acknowledged to be without a peer in
this country. The three main lines of the
road unite at Oelwein, in Northeastern
Iowa. Aside from these are several short
branches, all of importance, the longest
being from Sumner to Hampton. Iowa.
The latter state is divided nearly in halves
by the road, which crosses its very finest
portion. The milease is Missouri, Kansas
and Minnsota is comparatively small, but
in Illionois again increases, the northern
and most populous part of the Prairie
state reverberating to the thunder of its
Much of the success of the road is due to
the ability and energy of a railway man
well known to many in Rooheeter, W. It.
Busenbark, the traffic manager of the road.
In his intercourse with the patrons of the
road he has won thousands of friends for
himself and his company.
The equipment of the Chicago, St. Paul
& Kansas City is unexcelled by that of any
road in the country. Its vestibuled com
partment sleeping cars are modelsof lux
cry, comfort and convenienbe. No other
lines west of Chicago rans compartment
sleeping cars. The dining car service is
fally up to the requirements of the most
fastidious and luxury-loving of modern
travelers. In short the Chicago, St. Paul
& Kansas City is the best line between Chi
Sesago and St. Paul, Minneapolis and the
3 northwest, between Chicago and the prin
cipal points in Iowa, between Chicago and
F the southwest. Persons going from east
ern points to Chicago and beyond will do
well to bear these facts in mind.--lIochea
ter, N. Y., Democrat and Chronicle, Oct.
r 29, 1891.
\Wisdom's Violet Cream
SIs the most exquisite preparation in the
t world for eoftening and whitening tht.
hands and face. It is not only a subttitute
I for, but in every respect superior to glyc.r
ins, cold cream, vaseline, and like prepare
l tions. Trr it.
Excursiln Rates to California.
t On the 15th of each month the Northern
Pacifie railroad will sell roand trip ticketa
to California moints as follows:
i Helena to tan Francisco and return,
I going via Portland and returnin! same
i way, $75.
' To San Francisco, going via Portland
a an sreturning via Olgden and Silver Bow,
'iTo Los Angeles, going and returning via
Portland, entering SHn Francisco in one
direction either going or returning, $89.
To Los Angeles, going via Portland and
San Francisco and returning same route,
To Los Angeles, going via Portland and
sun Franoisco, returning via Sacramento
I and Ogden, $99.59.
i Tickets will be limited for sixty days for
going passage, with return at any time
within the final limit of six months.
A. D. EDnoa, (ien. Agt., Helena, Mont.
SCaas. I. FBx, G. P. Ac . A., St. Paul, Minn
Thousands of iuffering Women.
Delicate women who complain of tired
i feeling, pains in the back and loins, desire
to sleep, dizziness, painful or suppressed
menstruation, will find in Oregon Kidney
Tea a faithful friend. Itoan be relied utoc
in every instanoe to give immediate relief
from kidney and urinary troubles Thou.
sands of women are suffering every day
from some disorder of the kidneys or liver,
who might be permanently cured by using
Oregon Kidney Tea.
That nightmare of man's existence which
makes food a mockery and banishes sleep
from weary eyes, readily yields to the po
tent influence of the colebrated English
Dandelion Tonic. It tones no the digestive
organs, restores the appetite, makes as
similation of food possible and invigorates
the whole system. All druggists sell it at
$1 per bottle.
Rick Headlutta: :! roliovr all tlhe troubles ilnet
tiselt Hs or risuerst: of the astem. such s:
retlOarlkr.bte: t'tcest lua hl, bes shop;n In cuto;:
Trt- ..ho. v,, ('.t. ,.,t't I t.ITTre L 'VER ?
: ",wl 11",i,.utln.i h.:::tru ýll.ao y.,,.V,:,!:
Et it ii thiy o ? olyeeid
"-he the," wonuhl itho lhin:t |,rlechi to sbtrts
h, r f:',:. this d a.str':ainr ronril, tini'
ri; r or,"k:tely thir gooit does tt, t rnh
tr, , vlOr e tr tht , weto ,
lr":s" lttl h l i.ills ::a itabtl in s nmauy w ys that
theiy still oI ',I t...;int to do without themo
But after .. o1 :ck h.cad
Is the bar:ie of so matny lives that hero In where
we oak- our 'L atL boast. Our "ills cure it
while titters elo t.ot.
(,AR'rt.:s Tcrrt: E IVER PIltt.s are very small
and very tlsv to take. One or two pills inmake
a dose. 'Teyt are strictly vegetuthle and do
not gripe otr ptsige, ,otl; ty their gren t, action
pleaust all twh -.o theten In vialslL t P! eettst;
ive for $1. :ib: everywhere, or sellt by mail.
CA TEP lt EDCINE CO., Nil Trlt
hd 5 na e, %ad 1o,
Recently the follolowin Noice appeared in the
Nan Francsacoe Cltrosnicl.
* 'udge S- Ihad bcerl siick only about two
week;, ilad it was nit until tlte tt tllttre or
four days thalt the totntdy tol a ,iCnt fats trtl.
At the hrgititt ofhbl ilfrsti e t sumitht :I fronlt
diabhetes tnd t',tontnchl diSotdert. tater tht"
kidneys refused to perftormt their fitlctionsand
hre passed quietly away. Thus ended the life
of oe ofore the mnOstt pIroltinent 1I1 ill Call
firiliao" Like thou:tanlds of others his Out
timely death wait the result of ueglec ti.g early
synmptomrs ofkitdney diserae.
....A.. IF YOU - .....
are troulled with diabeter., gtever, or nt y die
rallgentlclltt of tte kidltrve or urillals' ltr or ,
doint't drlay proper tctrettcrnt utlil ylou are
forced to give llp yOtur daily duties; don,'t1
waste your money on woltllevrs lhtinirtts
and wolrst pl:stters, tut strike at the seat of
thetllmese at ol t" Iby tlsi thle greatlest ofrtlt
knlowll reulterlie, the c*l"'trated (rtrletl KidI
tey Te,. It I , tsavetd the tives of thllltlandtll
Why shouldll it ttnt rure yollt 'fry it. Pertl[y
vegetable and pleasant l o o take,. $1.00 a pack
age, 6 for $T.OO1.
H. M. PARCHEN & CO.
LEADING WHOLESALE AND) RETAIL
the Largest ,' i,,ý the Largest
Most Com- Most Com
Stock in IStock in
Montan a. Montana.
Buying in Large Quantities from First Hands we
offer Bargains in Goods that no other house can do.
THE LARGEST LINE OF THE
Leading Perfuies, Toilet Soaps, Toilet Articles
COMBS AND BRUSHES IN THE CITY.
We are Just Opening Our HOLIDAY GOODS on
which we offer Special Figurers to Cash Buyers.
PARCHEN'S CORNER, HELENA.
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