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A sol*arlyr Diseussion of the Subs
:jet by Henry Cabot Lodge. i . W the Device of the Eleotorali College Came to Be: Selected. OnelDfliuolty In the Way of Its'Suooe-es STwelfth Amendment to the Von stltutlon. [Written for Tas HCLENA IND.e~PSWNT.1 The idea that written laws or. eopatita tions of governments are nnohaaginbland, unchangable is at least very old. The laws of the Medeu and Persians have begome,. indeed, a proverbial expression for immt tability. This notion undoubtedly oame from the time when men were largely' gov erned by anwriten oustoms, and'thusa.ame tolook upon the, laws out upon .toem~vor traped upon parchment s posse..ind g "a qutlity of permaneno. linknown before. This anoient theory is toois alaxed charts tea of written constttitoht bas had a ftreh lease of life in mod.h.u.ime's and': among E.glish speaking peopl0ibecagse the Brit ishaconstitutionAsich.h.. nxityer been re ddaedto the form of aisrttr or scae. Yet th theory although 9ld'4l in reality only suprficially true. Constitutional develop mint under a writen :senstitution,' wholly apart from the regularly provided method of amendment; is is possible and as' far reaching as the growth of an entire system of law from the interpretation of a single act of parliament like the statute of frauds or the statute of limitations. The written constitution is developed by interpretation and by facts just like the un written eonstitution. The only diference is that the.former developes within certain specified forms while the bther is wholly unrestraised except by habits and oustoms. The result is much the same in either case. In the hands of the English speaking peo plo with their genius for government and their distrust of ready-made systems any constitution whether it be a written charter or an unoodided body of laws and customs ii lure to be developed and adapted in the prooest~of time to fit the changing condi tions as well as the growth and needs of the people. This fact is well illustrated by the history of 'he constitution of the United States. It has been the chief merit of that great in strument that it has proved itself capable of development while at the same time it hhs held fast the fundamental principles os whioh it was based. Direct amendment of the constitation by its own machinery is now almost impossible, and yet, while it ever retains its vast and invaluable conserv ative influence, its wholesome development is always in progress. It has expanded here and restrained there and thus far, as a whole, has worked admirably and fulfilled its purposes with a success little dreamed of at the outset. Indeed, if the framers of the constitution could examine their work to-day they would probably be amazed at the manner in which it has met the needs of a great peopleby slowly broadening from urecedent to precedent under the interpre tations of courts and gradually conform ing, without distortion, to the logic of facts, In some directions the conititution has developed, in others it has remained un changed; while in others still it has ceased to be ptactically operative because although the form remained, the substance has been fonnd to be unfit for existing conditions. It is of a'provision of the last class, one of those clauses much valued by the framers, but long since abandoned except in name, that I wish to speak here. The two cent opposing forces in the con vention of 1887 were the national on the one side and the separatist or state-rights on the other. The compromises between these two for ces in the main formed the constitution. But there were also other strong currents of opinion in the conven tion which did not run at all on the same lines as the national and separatist theories, but which had, neverthe less, a profound influence upon the finl result. One of these was the deep seated jealousy of executive power. The executive power in all the colonies had rep resented England. Hence executive and outside power had become equivalent in the American mind and consequently were sub jects of suspicion and distrust and appeared to demand careful limitation. Another strong sentiment in the convention spring ing from the natural conversation of the race was against unchecked action any where. The new government was to be a republic and a democracy, but the framers felt that the :uling theory of checks and balances ought to be applied to the source of all power as in every other direction. The will of the people was to be supreme. but it was to be expressed in such a way as to secure deliberation and calm judg ment and to avoia all risks of rash or hasty decisions. This was the controlling idea of the plan Anally adopted for the choice of president and vice president. The best method of making this choice was the subject of long and axious discussion. Practically every body was against referring the choice or the chief magistrate to a direct vote of the reople. Only one state, in fact, voted for it. On the other hand, every state voted that the president should be elected by congress, which Gov. Morrfs opposed with far-seeing wisdom as opening the road to intrigue, corruption and cabal. This plan was finally adopted, however, and went to the committee of detail. Still it was not quite satisfactory, and for it was substituted the plan of electoral col leges, usunally attributed to Hamilton, which was adopted by the convention and ratified afterward by the statee. Thza new plan of electors was certainly ingenious and it also solved the difficulties of the convention. It did away with the direct popular vote and avoided at the same time the evils of a choice bycongrees. The eleo. torawere to be chosen in each state in num bers equal to the representatives and sena tors of the state in congress. On a given day all the electors chosen in all the states were to meet in college in each state and vote for president and vice-president. The person having the highest number of votes in all the elestoral colleges of all the states was to be president and the person having the next highest was to be vice-president. The theory was that the electors would be the ablest and besat men in each state, that they would meet in their several colleges and then, after due deliberation and dis ncussion, removed as they were from the heats of popular and party conflict, would choose the first citizen of the le publio to be its president. In theory the scheme was a beautiful and per feet one. There was only one difficulty about it. It would not work. Political parties aimed at the presidency and human nature is so constituted that men could not cease to be partisans beeause they were chosen presidential electors. At the first election Washington was made president by the general wish of the people. The electors oimply registered the public will. They exercised their own preference in re gard to vice-president and chose John Adams. At the next election the electors agiqin registered the popular will by voting for Washington as president but in regard to vice-president the failure of the elec toral system even at that early day was ap parent. Party lines were drawn, imper feotly but still distinctly. The federalist electors voted for Adams and the anti federalists for Clinton. The power of choice had practically gone from the eleo tors even then. The equal vote for Jefferson and Barr in 1800, and the struggle threatening civil war which followed, led to an amendment doing away with the provision giving the presidenoc to the person having the high set number of electoral votes, and the vice presideqcy to the person having the next n* he!In thirv m ane the erson yoe nt disetoat laoa d ho eldeIt. eThese adh s $are ti tion _ . ine anp manner the .e stopors obf dstri ks or in the legislatute itlilk ·All· thods haes been thed, but the ctlontry hal5nally settled down to the uniform prnacte of ahoosin the electors at large tior each sta te ly Michian has re turned to the district sastem in order that a erandy manner thto sere lohgresamen ofn dul might also soure electors for the the stem, ay dltho for new obets, will b, enedistricts or iente , as the lgoo sense oAl methode onr haves den ided, butin prathe countryha the votice of achoosing the electorstoral ollegt larto fepresant the majority vote of h st eo. hrn electors aret systamed in each state by the diffrrymaerent to partisecures and are voted for in blok. Tmhe also seoure electors oih their respective httes on a tiven dreturnd vote Theivoteadly acpted, coras thed and sent not the ountryl b mail, bt also, in acpordance with the old form, beach electorial meollege to con grep, where the votys are openad, counte. asnd deelared by the two honses. Thus the old forms survive neachanted' hut all the meaning except in one point has departed. Party convictions now select the diffepreidnt parties, and presidentsd for the bleotok. for whom we ore mserel machines respei er the expressed will df''the parte which nominate and elects them. The only tor have no power, As the, accordance in theor bond to do, they simply register in ngrss whtittioalere the forms thare opened, countedr and oritl which hby elected them. The tem which showed so quicklyve un that it would not work in the man oner mended by those who devised it seems to-day ents andmbr tonhe aselectl as meafor ninwhleom Bt it is well to rmachnes o'rmber that alexprethossughed it has failed of its riginal p andoe, it hs worthem. Thed perfectly well for a century and has pmroved entirely harmleas. In one sportant point, moreover, the elee toral college has a real and vital meaning. The peoplr have ought to vpoweote as they are lways haefor president and they simple-reident, by tatus. This is an important and neces constitutry applionalion or the will of thederal priniple, majnd orits prewhichserved by the eleted thollegem. The t the same time m which dihowedt vote of theat it weople for the chief magistrate in obtained b as well as it could be in any arrangement, or the eletorised long sines eased to coumbrous as etween th people and the presidency, end they really regster the popular will as dits oretginal ip the votes were given for presi dent and vice-president withobt anyy ter enion.cation of the federal principle, oNpy CAriot LODGE. Copyright. It Sheuli Be In Every ouse. J. B. Wilson, 871 Clay street, Sharpsbnrg, Pa., says he will not be without Dr. King's NeWi Discovery for consumption, coughs and colds, that it cured his wife who was threatened with pneumonia after an attack of "la grippe," when various other remidies end several physicians had done her no good. Robert Barber, of Cooksport. Pa. claims Dr. Kiag's New Discovery hat done him more good than anything he es. used for lung trouble. Nothing like it. Try it. Free trial bottles at R. S. Hale & Co's. druf store. Large bottles, 50 cents and $1. Excursion Bates East. The following low rates are in effect via the Northern Paciflo railroad: From Helena to St. Paul. Minneapolis, Duluth and West Superior and return, $60. Helena to St. Louis and return, $75. Helena to Chicago and return, $80. 'Ihese tiekets are limited to three months and can be made to return via any direct route. Remember that the Northern Pacific is the only line running solid veetibued trains through to Chicago without change of cars. A. D. EDGAR, Gen'l'Agent, Helena. Mont. CHAS. S. Fx~, G. P. & T. A., St. .Paul,ýMinn. Exeursion Iratas to Califorala. On the 15th of acch month the Northern Pauifie railroad will sell round trip tiekete to California roints as follow;: Helena to iSn Francisco and return, going via Portland and returning same way. $75. To dan Francisco. gbing via Portland and leturning via Ogden and bilver Bow, $90. To Los Angeles, going and returning via Portland, entering San Francisco in one direction either going or retarilng, $89. To Les Angelee, going via Portland and San Francisco and returning same route, $93. To Leo Angeles, going via Portland and San Francisco. returning via Saoramento and Ogdea, $99.53. Tiokete will be limited for sixty days for going passage, wits return at any time within the final limit of six months. A. D. EDoan. Gen. Agt., Helena, Mont. Cas. S. FPE, G. P. T. A., St. Pabnl, Minl CARTERS S ITTLE IVER PILLS. CURE Stck Headache r:l reli.v. all the troubles incl dent to a bi ious state of the system. such as Dizriness, Nausea. Drowsiucse. Drstree. aft'r eating, Pain in tihe Side. Ac. While tho.r most remarkable: uccess has been shown in curing Headache, yet CArTer s LrrrI'IE LIVER -::IS ure equally valuable in ('on;t lpation, citrilg rnd prevsoting this anoy ing cm},lair.. while tley also correct all disorders of the stomach. stinmulate the liver and regulate tio bewel Even if they only cured HEAD Ache they would be arlmost priceless to those who suffer from this distressing complaint: but fortunately their goodness does not end here, anti those wh o uce try them will find these little nush valuable in so maav ways that they will not be willing to do without them. but after all tick head ACHE is thebane of so many lives that here iswhere we make our great boast. Our pills cure It while others do not. CAarTsr' LIrrtr Livan PILLs are very small and very easy to take. One or two pills nakie a dose. They are strictly vegetable and do not gripe or purge, but by their gentle action L leane all who use them. In vials at 25 centes; re for $1. Sold everywhere, or sent by mail. OCAITE UZD.CINIO CO., New York MR Smal Doa M IN TIS ])I)TIIICT COU( T OF THIE FIRST iudicial district of the state of Montana, in and for the rounty of Lewis and Clarke. In the matter of the estate of Oliver (. Uandy, deceased-notieo for publication of time aIp pointed for proving will. etc. Purseant to an order of said court, made on the 23id day of Dec.mber, A. D., 1b91, notilooe is hereby given, that Monday, the fourth day of January, A. ~).. hS. at 1t o'clock a. m, of said day. andi the court room of departnment ou. 2. of said court, at the court housu in the city of 1oel ena, in said county, have been appointed as the time and place for proving the will of said Oliv0er I:. Bundy. deces.sod. and for hearing the apllication of tlhedina B. ttundy. for the is suanae to her of letters of administration with the will a.nexed, when ald whore any person in teremted may appear and contest the same. theaL I JOitN BEAN, Clerk. It. It. 'l iotPSO.'. Deputy Clerk. Datsd Decentbsr 3, Ibt. STOCKIIOLDERBS' MEETJINi-TII E ANN UAL maeeting of tho shareholders of thie National Loan and Savings Union for the election of of ticoro and directore will hoe hold at the plrinnipal othee of the anion, room 19. Merchlants National bank building, Helena. Montana. o thl;e second Haturday in January, 18111. being Jan 9, betweeno the hours of two and four o'cl,ck p. sm. VWM. F. WIIITAKI, LSecoretsry. Melena, Mont., Dec, 21. 1881. Both the method and resul i Syrup of Figs is taken; it isl and refreshing to the tasto, gently yet promptly on the K , Liver and Bowels, clellsesth temn effectually, dispels colds,' hed aches and fevers and cures habitial constipation permanently. For ale in 50 and $ bottles by all druggists. CALIFORNIA FIO SYRUP CO. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL4 LowSaVu.E. U. S.W VORr Nr.Y EMULSION Of Pure Cod Liver Oil and' HYPOPHOSPHITES of Lime and Soda is endorsed and prescribed by leading physioians because both the Cod Ziver Oil and Hypophospsites are the recognized agents in the cure of Cos.aisnaption. It is as palatable as milk. Scott's Emuisien is , ere:t is an wonuderfCl Flews Producer. It is the But Renedy for CONSUMPTION, Scrofula, Bronchitis, Wasting Dis eases, Chronic Coughs and Colds. Ask for Scott's Emulsion and take no other. Recently the following Notice appeared In the San Francisco Chronicle. Judge S- had been sick only about two weeks, and it was not until the last three or four days that the malady took a serious turn. At the begin ning of his illness he suffered from diabetes and stomach disorder. Later the kidneys refused to perform their functions and he passed quietly away. Thus ended the life of one of the most prominent men in Cali fornia." Like thousands of others his un timely death was the result ofneglecting early symptoms of kidney disease. S IF VOL t are troubled with diabetes, gravel, or any de rangement of the kidneys or urinary organs, don'rt delay proper treatment until you are forced to give up your daily duties; don't waste your money on worthless liniments itnd worse plasters, but strike at the seat o the disease at once by using the greatest of all known remedies, the celebrated Oregon Kid ney Tea. It hassaved the lives of thousands. WFy should it not cure you? Try it. Purely vegetable and pleasant to take. $1.00 a pack age, 6 for $5.00. NORTHERN PACIFIC Between Missoula. Garrison, Helena, Butte City, Bozeman, Livingston, Billings. Miles City, and Glendive And all points EAST and WEST. There is nothing better than the servioe on The Dining Car Line. Through Pullman Sleeping Cars and Furnished Tourists Sleepers Daily between points in MONTANA and ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS & CIIICAGO. Pacific Coast Trains Passing through Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. carry complete equipments of PULLMAN PALACE BLEEPING CARS. FIRST & SECOND CLASS COACHE&S PULLMAN TOURISTS AND FREE COLONIAL BLEEPERS & ELEGANT DINING CARS. THROUGH TICKETS are eld at all coupon offices of the Northern Pacific B. R. to points North, East. South and West in the United Etatea and Canada. TIMEI SCHEDULE. In effect on and after Sunday, Novemoer 1, 1801l TIAINB ARRTIVE AT nELENA. No. I. Pacific Mail. west bound ........ 2:01 p. m No.4. Atlantic mail, east bound........ 7:10 p. m No. 6, Missoula and Butte Exprese.....12:20 p, m No. 8, Marysville passenger .............11:2 a. m No. 10. Msryeville accommodation..... 6:30 p. m No. 10, timini mixed, Mondays, Wed nedays anid ' riday i.................... 5:00 p. s. No. 7, Wickes, Boulder and Elkhorn passenger.... .............. 11:55 a.' m TRAINS DhPART FROM HILENA. No. 1, Pacific Mail, west bound........ 2:20 p. m No. 4. Atlantic Mail. east bound..... 7:a, p. in No. 5, Missoala and Butte and Wallace Exptaos. .... .................. 7:30 a. m No.1, Atarysville passenger............. 7:45 a. in No. 9, Maysevilla accommodation....... 1:00 p. m 4o. 10ot, Rimlini mixed, Mondays, Wed nesdys and Fridays... ............ 8:15 a. m No. 2. Wickes, Bouldder and Elkhorn Passenger ............ ............. 2:15 p. m For rates, maps, tinlme tables or special bin;or mation, apply to any agent of the Northern Pa. cilc It. 1t.. or to CRAB. S. FEE, A. D. EDGAR, Gen'l Pasa & T. Agt., (onerrl Agent. ST. PAUL. MIN, CG:. e in & Grand als.. Helena. Mont. FOR FORTY TEARS DH. WM. HALL'S BALSAM FOR THE LUNOB Has been a never-failinl family remedy fot CIIUGtRi, COLI.Ls, CISNUMI'TOON. "'LA (RIi'PE," SOIl, THItiOAT_ lýOA.INIF. NESC-, I'NEUSIUOIA. ("ATAItRL . IN LIU INZA, ACUTE and CHILONIC BRONCHI. TI1-. A.TMIA. CO St4OPING COUUH (CRIOUP, PLEUhISY, PAIN IN THE SIDIý AND tKEACiT SPITT'INIG OF BLOOD, and all diseases of the THROAT, CHEST and LUNGS ---Leading to- . CONSUMPTION. DRI. WM. HALL'S BAISAM contains as opim,. morphine, nor any dlestarious drug. 0I bqsthes and Sels the Membrane of the Lc.gs, inflamed and plusoned by disease, and prevents night sweatl and tiahtn.ss aeros the cheat, It is peasaut to the tatse be sura e d ask for Di. WM. HALL'd BALSAkI and take no other. Trade saupplied by i. M. Parohen t Ce. Helena, Moat. PRICE 20o., B0o., $1.00. DR. WM. HALL CO., NEW YORK. feld by H. M. Parchen & Co., Helena. Mont. I Si th Ay__4 nd Main $tire t. WEARE AFTER YO, MONE. A$D .E PROPOSE TO GET I¶E By giving you moreb alue for your dollars than any one else. As proof of what we say we submit the foilowing: Pear's Soap, unscented...........s n4cdAn [n, t .Pear's Soap,scented..............2 LoQ ep Colgate's Cashmere Bouquet Toilet Soap.. ............... ....0 Ladies' heaeg .ig oa,... Dpt o Ladies' i lit Decorated English Por- $1 fga U.iderwear,: celaii Dinner Sets; o0 ,s., only _.... O y $" .25 uit Decorated English Por- Gent's Lam 's Wool Un er celain Tea Sets, 56 pieces, only wer __. iOnly $2.95 Suit Decorated Chamber $2 Sets, o pieces, ONLY 95 Bed Spreads of all kinds at - our usual bottom prices. Glass Sets, 4 pieces. will still bu balls of YCroohet Cotton or 100 yards One-Half Gallon Glass of Spool Silk. Pitcher, ONLY 30 c ..·.:·, a.-·.., High-footed Glass Bowl 0 Ba kry and1 I00nfectiaeiy De pt, zoPatterns Decorated Dinner Ware in openo TEN P stock. TEN '"'' "" zoo Patterns Chamber ,Set.. 50 Patterns Tea Sets. 5o Patterns Water Sets., M ixecl ancfv Do not forget that,we are thhe leaders in Tinware and House Furnishing Goods of . 00. every description. FORt. . iWm. Weinstein & Co. TN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE FIRST judicial district of the state of Montana, in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. In the matter of the estate end guardianship of Henry J. Cruttenden, Lanriston J. Crutten den, Sarah L. Cruttenden and Ruth Cruttenden. Order to show cause why order of sale of real estate should not be made. Viola L. Cruttenden, the duly appointed. qlualified and acting guardian of Henry J. Crut tenden, Lauriston J. Cruttenden. Sarah L. Crut tenden and Ruth Cruttenden, minor heirs of Jarious H. Cruttenden, deceased, having filed her tetition herein, praying for an order of sale of the real estate of said minor children for the purposes therein set forth. It is therefore ordered by the judge of said court that the next of kin of said minor chil dren and all persons interested in the estate of said minor children, appear before the said dis trict court on Saturday, the 23d day of January, 1892, at 10 o'clock a. m, of said day, at the court room of said d strict court at the court house in the city of Helena, county of Lewis and Clarke; to show cause why an order should not be granted to the said guardian to sell the real estate of said minor children at private sale. Andti that a copy of this order be published at least once a week for four successive weeks in the Daily Independent. a newspaper printed and published in the said county of Lewis and Clarke, state of Montana. HORACE R. BUCK. Judge of the district court of the First judicial district. Dated Dec. 19. 1891. SIlERIFF'S SALE-BY VIRTUE OF AN EX ecution in my hands, issued out of the district court of the First judicial district of the state of Montana, in and for tihe county of .Lewwis and Clarke, in the suit of G. C. Swallow. plaintiff against Eartha 'laylor Eckert Schwabe, defend ant, duly attested the 14th day of November, A. e. 1891, I have levied upon all the right, title and interest of the said Martha 'laylor Ieckert Schwabe, in and to the following described prop erty. situated in Lewis and Clarke county, state of Montana, viz: Lot number three (3). in block number twenty seven (27), of the original townsite of the city of Helena county and state aforesaid. Iogether with all and singular the tenements, heresiltanents and appurtenanocs thereunto be longing or in any wise appertaining. Notice is hereby given thaton Wednesday, the 6th day of January. A. D. 1892, at the hour of 12 o'clock noon, of said day, at the. front door of the court house, in the city of Helena, I will sell all the right, title and interest of the said Martha Taylor Eokert Schwabe. in and to the said above described property, to the higiet bidder for cash in baud. Giveus under my hIand this the 16th day of December. A. D. 18141. CHARLES M. JEFFERIS. Sheriff. yy RALPH G. JOHNSON. Deputy Sheriff NOTICE OF APPLICATION TO CUT TIM her. In accordance with tile provisions of section 8. roles and regulations prescribed by the honorable secretary of the interior. May 5, 1s91, the undersigned hereby gives notice that at the expiration of twenty-one days from tltefiret putb lication of this notice, it will apply to tie hon orable secretary of the interior, by its written application. for authority to cut and remove the merclhauntable saw logs. cousistinc of pine and fir timbher. o the following described public lands. to wit: Beginning at the forks of Cottonwood creek, which is a tributary of the soothi fork of the Musselshell river, thence running up the left or west, antd middle forks of said Cottonwood creek, and embracing the natural water shed of botllh. Said land emntraces what would he tp. 6 n. r. 10 e., if surveyed. All of said land is rough, rocky, nountainous and unturveyod, a'-,ld is soth of. end adjarcent to tp. 7 n.. r. 10 e. (surveyed). and s on the north slope of tihe Crazy llountains, in tlaghler county., state of Montana, and contains about three million :3,(t,0t0u) feet of merchant able pine and fir timbnr. SMIilt lltIeS1. SHREEP CO., By John M. Smith. president. SMITIi & BOUM, Attorneys fr Applicant, White Sulphur Springs,. Mont. NOTIC. TO CO-O*NE.tS--HELENA LEWIS Sacd Clarke comity, Montana, Nov. lt 1891. !os .lia Viblr, or to whom it may Concern: Yon are hereby notified that 1 have expended one thossand nine hundred (81.900) dollars, in labur and imprveomante upon the wert fifty feet of No. 3 Waest, and the oaut fifty feet of No. 4 West, on the Mclityrelodl in Owyhee mining district. Lewis and Clarke county. Mlontna. (sadl parcels of ground being hounded on the east bt lot 38 "t" and on the week by 8 "D". United States paNnt a onsaId M`idlatre lode) iu order to hold suail premises nd lthe pruplioas of section l4",. revised slatteL" of the United States. being the amount required to leO!dthe samefr rthe years. 18$. 1541, t17, 1870, 1377. 1878, 1875, 1980, 1081, 1882. 1881, 14, 1888,' 1886. 1887:l, 1888. 1868, le.0.1891. And if wtkin. ninLety days after this notice by publicatlon, you fail or ref..e to contribute youear proportion f snuch expenditure as a co-owner, joer interast in said claim will be the property of the subscriber na er section 'I,. JACOB tMHAVXm Dat of first publication Nov., 7. 181 BULLETIN - -._ --O.I T'E -- Wholesale Liquor House of I. L, Israel & Co. For the Month of January. POSITIVE CLOSING OUT SALE This is no advertising dodge, but I mean business, as prices quoted below will prove. All whiskies are quoted at Eastern prices and are subject to change monthly. Now is the chance for dealers to buy strictly pure whiskies (at Distillers' prices in large quantities) and save freight. Will sell in quantities to suit, frorr. one barrel to limit of stock. The following goods in stock: 15 bbls Old Crow, Spring '86............ $3.65 Gallon 20 " Hermitage, Spring '86........... 3.45 '35 " W. H. McBrayer, Spring '87...... 3.25 50 " Bond & Lillard, Spring '87 ....... 2.90 " 30 " James E. Pepper, Spring '87...... 3.10 25 " W. H. McBrayer, Fall '88......... 2.80 " io " Tea Kettle,.Spring '83 ........... 3.85 10 " Nelson, Spring '80o............... 475 5 " Monarch, '80................... 6.oo 5 " Gukenheimer Rye, Spring '87.... 3.50 15 '" Clifton Spring, Spring '89........ 1.90o 20 " Anderson ....................... 2.00 " U. S. Bonded Warehouse Certificate. Will sell only in 5-bbl. lots: 15O bbls W. H. McBrayer, Fall '88...... $I.25 gallon 25 " James E. Pepper, Spring '91.... .80 , 1oo " W. H. McBrayer, Spring '90o..... .go " 50 " Bond & Lillard, Spring 'go...... .80 50o " Mellwood, Spring '89............ .75 " Large Assortment of Case Goods, Consisting of Whiskies, Brandies, Gins, Wines, and all Cordials, Porter, Ale, etc., being the best brands of Im-[' ported Goods in the market, at specially low price. A Large Stock of Cigars Will be Sold at Factory Prices. An additional discount of 6 per cent. on cigars for Cash. Families Can Find the Finest Liquors in the City By the bottle or gallon, at very low prices. Orders by telephone promptly attended to. Telephone No. 122. I. L. ISRAEL & CO., No. 3 South Main Street.