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WUMPTIOUS LITTLE CHILI
'he People, Who ,Have Enjoybd EilghtyrOne Years of Self Government. A0tual mtrength of the Army and the Navy of the Republio. For Fifty Years There Was Peace. Then a Bevolution and Now a Poesl ble War. For a so-called peaceful republie little Chili has of late been cutting such a swath in the sea of revolutions which have char acterized the southern countries that a short review of her people and reseources is particularly interesting in connection with the defiant attitude the junta, the new gov ernment of that country, assumes toward the demand of the United States govern ment for protection of Americans in Val paraiso, says the Kansas City Evening Times. For fifty years Chili had enjoyed peace, and Balmaoeda, knowing theChilian citizens abhorrence of revolution, took advantage of it to abuse powers conferred upon him. According to the constitution of that republic the naval and land forces must be fixed by congress, and with out such a law they have no logal existence. Balmaoeda closed congress. The supreme court of the country was appealed to, but Balmaceda refused to recog nize its mandates, and imprisoned the offi eors of the army who would not lend their service to his cause. The officers of the navy lent their support to congress. All that they asked was that the presiding offi cers of the senate and house of deputies should establish themselves a board to act in conjunction with their command in all that was necessary to secure the triumph of the cause. In compliance, Senor Walde Silva, vice-president of the senate, and Senor Barros Laoo, president of the obham ber of deputies, came on board the fleet and established a provisional junta, to gether with Captain Montt. Then followed the struggle between the dictator and con gress, which ended in the overthrow of Balmaoeda. At the beginning of the struggle the junta could muster only 400 armed men, but to-day it possesses an army of more then 12,000 well equipped soldiers. Before the revolution the drmy had been reduced by a law passed in December, 1889. The total number of men under the colors could not exceed 5,885, distributed in two regiments of artillery, one battalion of sappers and miners, einht battalions of infantry, and three regiments of cavalry, plus one battalion of coast artillery of 560 men. The number of officers in active service was 943. Besides the regular army there is the guardia nacional seden taria, consisting of artillery, 8,970 men, and infantry, 42,120 men-making a total of 51,000 organized for mobilization when needed.. The Chilian navy has always been a matter of even more self-satisfactlon than the army. It consists of two ironclads, eaoh of 2.033 tons, a monitor of 1,130 tons, two corvettes of 1,101 tons, two gunboate of 660 and 755 tons, a oruiser of 3.000 tons. another of 485 tons, ten torpedo-boats of from forty to 400 horse power. An ironclad of 6,902 tons and two cruisers of 2,090 tons each were built in France, and two tor pedo boats in England last winter. The naval forces consisted in 1889 of 128 officers, 180 engineers, pursers, inspectors, and 1,285 sailors and men of the crews. There is an excellent naval college. All this may seem insignifioant in comparison with the great armed forces of Europe, but the Chilians are the Prussians of South America, and to them their navy seems to be the commencement of a mighty fature. The recent revolution in Chili is not the first. In 1810 Chili revolted from Spain, and a junta was formed with secret design to overthrow the northern country, and af ter a struggle of ten years a constitution was adopted. In 1833 the present constitu tion was promulgated. In 1864 Chili sympa thized with Peru in her struggle with Spain. In 1871 a treaty was effeeted, and since that time Chili has made great material and in tellectual progress. In the late war against Peru the Chilian soldery showed that they could fight like demons, anl kill and plunder with a savage ferocity. This war and its great prize, Tarafaos and Antofagasta, have made Chili wealthy. Education was the great hobby of Bal maceda, and 7,000,000 Chilian dollars were expended last year in the department of publie instruction. Santiago has eight daily four-page papers, which publish more than 30,000 copies daily. In Valparaiso four dailies are published. 'the demand for news is great, but never causes the editors to sacrifice a contemplat.ve cigarette. "Politics ishthe absorbing subject in Chili. The president is elected every five yeals by electors appointed directly by the provinces. He administers through six ministers chosen by himself, and a council of state composed of eleven members-six elected by congress and five appointed by the president. The council is not remunerated. The president appoints and removes at will the intendentes or governors of provinces. These latter at point sub-delegates, and so on down to the inspectors of districts. The municipal au thority is vested in city councils elected every three years, but their activity is lim ited. The judicial power is vested in mag istrates appointed under certain rules by the president, but they cannot be revoked without legal cause. The legislative power resides in a national congress elected di rectly by the departmuent in p:oportion of one deputy for every 30,000 inhabitants, and a senate whose members are elected by pop alar vote by the provinces at the rate of one senator for every three deputies, each sena tor remaining in service six years. During the last six administrations Chili has been an oligarchy. The outgoizmr pres ident has invariably named his successor. 'The great point at issue in Chili has been whether the president shall continue to wield the enormous power granted him or whether it shall be vested in the congress. Among South American republics Chili has the rare privilege of being not only solvent, but of having an excellent credit. Her credit stands on a level with France. Valparaiso is a business town; its streets are well filled with shops and the shops are in a minority compared with offices. banks. warehouses and mercantile establishments. Specimen Cases. S. H. Clifford, New Cassel, Wis., was troubled with neuralgia and rheumatism, his stomach was disordered, his liver was affected to an alarming degree, appetite fell away and be was terribly reduced in flesh and strength. Three bottles of Electric Bit ters cured him. Edward Shepherd. Harrisburg, Ill., had a running sore on his leg of eight years' standing. Used three bottles of lElectric Bitters and seven boxes of Bcklen's Arnica Salve and his leg is sound and well. Johbs Speaker, Catawba, Ohio, had five large fever sores on his leg, and doctors said he was incurable. One bottle of Electric Bit ters and one box of Bucklen's Arnica Salve cured him entirely. Sold by R. S. Hale & Co., druggists. Infants' all woeal hose, seamless, this week at The JJee Hive for 15e Tie Great Northern Leaves Helena at 11:10 a. m.-is the short fast line to the east. They run ilace. din ing and eleeping cars and free colonial sleepers. Excursion round-trip tickets on sale to important eastern cities every day this month; also cheap one-way tiokots. i'ieket office, No. 0 Main street. B. H. LANoa.ar, General Ticket Agent. HE COULDsw EAAR HIM .IN, But Major F.ray Bad Doubts About thes u, estin of galitQtietlon. John B. Furay was once a postolmie in spector, and o one oecasioni as sent down into Louisiana to take charge of an ofins from which the postmaster had decamped. A fight arose over the vacant position, says the Omaha World, during the progress of which Major Furay remained acting post master in the quagmires of Louisiana, de. voting all his spare time to shaking with the orthodox ague, and the longer the man stayed the more he shook, and the more he shook the more profane he waxed. He had been there three weeks or more when one morning, while the fog was arising from around the little postofoie, Inspector Furay sat astride a keg of buttermilk reading "Pilgrim's Progress." A tall, lean genus homo of the swamp entered. A solitary suspender band held up a pair of blue jeans pants, a white felt hat of doubtful age rested on the man's head, and his feet were encased in a pair of cowhides reddened by age,. "Howdy, pard," said the stranger, ad dressing the inspector, "be you the fed eral's agent?" "I am the postoffioe inspector," replied Major Foray, without looking up as he waded into "Paradise Itegained." "I am the new postmaster," said the stranger, tendering his commission. "Well, I'll be d-dl" was the only reply as the inspector dropped his book to the ground and eased at the visitor. "Yes, sir " continuedthestranger, squirt ing a mouthful of tobacco juice on the in spector's new trousers. "Yes, sir, and I've come to be qualified." Itlsin to his feet Foray sighed, inspected his visitor from head to foot, and ex claimed: "My friend, I am but human. I can only swear you in. All h--l coaldn't qualify you." Buoklea's Arale- Salve. The best salve in the world for outs, bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, faey. sores, totter, chapped hands, chilblains, corns and all akin eruptions, and positively enres piles or no pay required. It is guar anteed to give perfeet satisfaction, or money refunded. Price 25 enats per box. For sale by R. Hale L Co. A Warning-Don't Use Big Words. In promulgating esoteric cogitations or articulating superficial sentimentalities and philosophical or psychological obser vations, beware of platitudinous ponder I osity. Let your statements possess a clari fled conciseness, compacted comprehensi bleness, coalescent censistency and a concentrated cogency. Eschew all con glomerations of flatulent garrulity, jejune babblement and asinine affectations. In trylng to impress upon others the superior ity of the Wisconsin Central lines, and why you and so many gthers use this thorough fare from St. Paul and Minneapolis and Duluth and Ashland to Milwaukee, Chicago and points east and south, it is not neces sary to use jawbreakers. Let your extem poraneous descantings and unpremeditated expatiations have intelligibility and vera Scioes vivacity, without rhodomontade or thrasonical bombast. Sedcloculy avoid all all polysyllabic profundity, psittaceous vac uity, ventriloquial verbosity and vandilo e quent vapidity, shun double eatendres, prurient jucosity and pestiferous profanity, obscurent or apparent. In other words, talk plainly, naturally, sensibly, and truth j fully say the Wisconsin Central lines is the a route, and that ends it. Opportunity. Master of human destiny am I, Fame, love and fortune on my footsteps wait, Cities and fields I walk. I penetrate ' Dieserts and seas remote, and passing by Hovel and mart and palace, soon or late I knock unbidden once at every gate. If sleeping, wake;. if feasting rise before I turn away. It is the hour of state And they who follow me reach every state Mortals desire, ansi conquer every foe Save death; but those who doubt or hesi tate Condemned to failure, penury and woe Seek me in vain and uselessly implore; I answer not, and 1 return no more. JNo. J. INGALLS. But fail ye not in this respect, Seize every opportunity to travel Over the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway. This is the advice of GEO. H. HEAFFORD. General Passenger Agent, Chicago, Ill. Will positively cure sick headache and prevent its return. Carter's Little Liver Pills. 'rhis is nottalk. but truth. One pill a doee. Seead vertisement. Small pill. Small dose. Small price. Dyspepsia. That nightmare of man's existence which makes food a mockery and banishes sleep from weary eyes. readily yields to the po tent inlnence of the celebrated English Dandelion Tonic. It tones no the digestive organs, restores the appetite, makes as similation of food possible and invigerates the whole system. All dnpgists sell it at $1 per bottle. "Coming to Helena." DR. LIEBIG & CO. AT THE NEW SMERCHANTS HOTEL Feb. 1, 2, 3 and 4. AT BOULDE1, Feb. 5 and 6. 2LT BUTTE, Feb. 7 to 12. AlT VMISSOUýLA, Feb. 13 and 14. DR.. A. C. STO DDART, The oldest and most successful San Francisco Specialist and now President or the Liobii World Dispensary Of Kansas City, Mo., and San Francisco, Cal., will be at the NEW VMERCBANTS HOTEL, HELENA, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, Feb. 1, 2, 3 and 4. On account of enormous increase in practice can only stay at Helena four days-Feb. 1, 2, 3 and 4. All persons desiring to meet and consult, free, with the greatest Special Surgeon and Physician of our greatest cities right here at Helena, should take advantage of this opportunity. Remember, Dr. A. C. Stoddart, the Pioneer Specialist, IS COMING PERSONALLY. No charge for remedies this trip, the object being to secure the rec ommendation of all cured. THE REPS7RT ON THE EXAMINATION OF THE New York Life Insurance Gompany BY TI-IE New York State Superintendent of Insurance PUBLISHED JANUARY 22, 1892, Assets, June 30, 189I, Per Superintendent's Report, $ 20,7 Io,690 Assets January I, 189I, Per Company's Re port, $ I5,947,809 Surplus June 30, I89I, Per Superintendent's Report, $14,0o8,675 Surplus January I, I891, Per Company's Re port, $14,898,450 The above surplus as shown by the Superintendent's report is larger than that of any other purely mutual life insurance company in the world. E. SHARPE, Resident Manager, Bailey Block, Helena, Montana. E. B. SNIFFEN, Agency Birector, St. Paul, Minneapolis, Helena. GOOD AGENTS WANTED ON LIBERAL CONTRACTS. ' be lomost t elofva pe r got aa."n AND ACTION IN TNE WORLD. A sample copy with illustrated prospeotpes will be sent for 2 cents. The Forum' is the most instruotive, the most timely, the largest and the handsomest of the reviews. The three great groups of subjects of the .omiye will be ..narially and Instreuc I Political bubjeets growing oat of the Presidential Campaign. . !I. Financial Disturbances heret and abroad. Ill, Theologlcal Unrest-with all the social questions suggested by these groups of great topics, There is no other way whereby one may get the ripest lisformatlon about the great prob leme of t time within so narrow a compass for so email a sum--short studies of areat , en jeots by more than a hundred of the for.osm men and women of the world; because there s only one American periodical for which all the great leaders of opinio and of thought writea and that is Tin 'on0Ue, The DeeeElir lumaber for example. con thtins: Degradation by Penses ones-ite Pro test of Loyal Volunteers by Lisut. Allen t. Footes Founder of the Society of Loyal Volun teers; Thd meanIng of the Demnocratie Vieo tory on M eassahusetth, by Gev. Win. E. Russell; French seeloug Towards Ger many-Another Conflict about Alsace Lorraine Inevitable by Camille Pelletan, Member of the French Chamber of Deputies; Should the olIver Law of 1890 ie iRe pealed? by Jacob H. Nehif, one of the most. sucresful and influential bankers in New York; Ie ltodern I(itnstlon a Failure? by Fred erie Harrison, the greoat Engliseh essayest; Uin regulated Competition Solf-destructive, by Aidece F. Valker, Chairman of the Western Traf.ic Association; iVotunen's Clubs--The Volunme and tie aluse or Their Work, by Alice H. Rlhine; A' I)ay withll Lord Tenny son, by Sir Edwin Arnold. And five 'other articles. There are now in progress discussions of Our Pension System; Prison Management; iTO Trainipg of Preachers; The Louisiana Lottory; The Next Step in the Tariff Afitation; Are Modern Educational Methods a Failure? 50 Cents a Copy. $5 a Year. THE FORUM, UNION SQUARE. NEW YOns. SUMMONS-IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF. J the First judicial district of the state of Mon tans, in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. Robert C. Scott, pilaintiff, vs. Margaret Scott, defendant. The state of Montana sends greeting to the abovo-nanrmed defeondart: You are hereby required to appear in an action brorught against yon by tihe above-named plain tifft in the dretrict court of tihe Firet judicial district of the state of Montana, in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke, and to answer the complanint tiled therein, within ten days (exelu sive of the day of service) after the service on soa of this rsemmons. if served within this county; or, if served out of this county but within this distric.t, within twenty days; otherwise within forty days, or judgment by (tefault will be takes asainst you, according to the prayer of said com plain. 'lhe sarrid action is brooght to, obtain a decree dissolving tihe bonds of matrimony now existing between said prlainliff and defend ant, on tihe grounds or adultery by said defend ant witr on Jarrmes Allen, at tie house of said doefedant in t e city of Calgary, district of Al berta, tiominion of Canada, anl on the further ground that since their said marriage the said do fendant has trerater ptliintiff in a cruel and in hun mr meanner. all of whicll more fully appealrs in the complaint on file in said above entilled couirt. And you are hereby notiiie.l that if you fail to appetar and answer thie rsaid complaint, as abovo recruired. the said plaintliff will alpply to tihe tourt for the relict dmardcded in said oomplaint: niven rnder mry hlm.rnd and tre Foelof therdistrict court t of tie First idicial district rf tihe tat ..of l,Mntana. in and for tihr couty of lewis and Clarke, this 11th day of Janrary. in theyear of our Lord, one thonsadr eight hundred and ninety two. S sEZIA. I JOHN BEAN, Clerk. W. N. FL.Trc.n , Attorney for Plantiff. FOE FORTY YEARS DH. WH. HALL'S BALSAM FOR THE LUNGS IBe been a never-failing famil emledy foet COUGHS, COLDS, CON6UMrT ON, "LA GRIPPE," SORE THROAT, HOARSE. NESS, PNEUOI[NIA, CATARRH. INFLU ENZA, ACUTE and CHRONIC BRONCHI TI-, ASTHMA. WHOOPING COUGH CROUP, PLEUSISY, PAIN IN THE SID[ AND BREANT SPITTIN!G OF BLOOD, and all diseases of the TRROAT, CHEST and LUNG$ -Leading to- CONSUMP TION. DB. WM. HALL'S BALSAM contains ne opium, morphine, nor any deleterious drug. It -uothee and hsals the Membrane of the Lungs. inflamed and poisoned by disease, and prevents night sweats and tightness across the ohest, It' is pleasant to the taste. Be sure ad aek for D. WM. HALL'L8 BALSA, and take no other. Trade supplied by 1. M. Parchen Co.q Helena., Mont. PRICE 25c., 50c., $1.00. DR. WiM. HALL CO., NEW YORK. Seld by H. M. Parchen & Co.. Helena, Mont. THE CHICAGO,G -MILWAUKEE & ST. PAUL R'Y. Is the Fast Mail Short Line from St. Paul and Minnoapolisvia La Crosse and Milwau kee to Chicago and all points in the East. ern Etates and Canada. It is the only line under one management between St. Paul sad Chicago, and It is the Finest Equipped Railway in the Northwe st. It is the only line running Pullman Drawing-room Sleep ing cars with luxurious smoking-rooms, and the finest dining-oars in the world, via the famous "River Bank Route," along the shores of Lake Pepin and the beautiful Mississippi river to Milwaukee and Chioa go. Its trains connect with those of the Northern lines in the Grand Union depot at St. Paul. No change of cars of any clas between St. Paul and Chicago. For through tickets, time tables, and full information, apply to any coupon ticket agent in the northwest. • * PATENTS. - United States and Foreign Pat ents obtained and any information given. EDWARD C. RUSSELL, Attorney at Law. Pitteburgh Block. Helena, Mont. ASESSMENT NOTICE-OFFICE OF CAts I cale Land Company. room I, Power build n tl.e is hereby given that at a Lgular sn,,nthlr meeting of the trustlar ot thle Cascade Land Co. hold on the 11thday of leeoamtolr, lIe. an assoesamot of twenty t20) cents per ihtac wee levied popn tle capital etoek el said stacrite Land company,. payable on M le 10th day of January. 182. to . Brown. secretary oft said rompany, at the rVompany's cellce, room 1, Power building, in tihe city of IHlouena, Miontana. Any stocrk upon which assenment shalld remain onpald on the 10th day of Febrnary. 1182. 5" all be deemed delinquent and shall, . duly sdvu"r tised for sale at public auction1 and unless pay ment shall tue usle ufore, wilt bIt, solo on the 10th day of tarcis, 11. 2. to pay dtelinluoent es esesment, together with costs oft advortislng and Sexpense of sale OW, Secretary.ul. Dated Dec. 10. 191. Helemna MIto.