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The Helena independent. (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, February 04, 1892, Morning, Image 6

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025308/1892-02-04/ed-1/seq-6/

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f y A MORTAR lUN.
beoription of the Pzionas of Put
ting Together an Engine
of War.
>'e The Method and Intent of the
Rtdman Cold Oore-Casting
System.
Ieoloira the Inside While the Outsilde Is
In a Liquid State--Cost of a
Mortar.
From four o'clock in the morning until
2:80 o'clock in the afternoon a workman
eat in a niche in the rear of the furnaao in
the foundry of the Seuth Boston ir.-i
works, and from time to time he pulled oun
a brisk in the furnace wall and gared at a
mass of iron which was slowly being fused.
uast twenty-two tonse of iron were in the
furnace. This iron in another form was to
be one of the new twenty-two inch rifle
mortrrre which are now being made for the
coast defense of the United States. The
fortifications, when complete, will require
more than 800 of these mortars, of which
but seventy-three are contracted for.
The South Boston iron works has a con
tract for forty-three and the Builders' iron
foundry of Providence a contract for thirty.
The Providence contractors have finished
casting, and are now assembling the mortars.
The. oston contractors cast the twenty-fifth
mortar- yesterday. In the workehoos are
the big mortars in every stage of comple
tion, from the rough casting down to the
nearly completed gun. The cost is $8,500
each. ,`f this the oanting cost $1.850, the
steel $3,,t00, and the assembling $3,550.
This is excu neive of the carriage.
The castinu, of the gun is an interesting
operation, says the Boston Post. Capt. A.
H. Russell, of the United States ordnance
department, euptrs'ises the work. In the
center of the foundry is a big pit about six
teen teet deep, which is ilned with brick. A
day or two previous to the carting a big
lask is lowered into the pit. Th.ie flask is
in six sections of iron, and is divided
once longitudinally and twice latert.lly. In
this flask, which is perforated with handreds
of small holes for the escape of th% gats, is a
lining nine inches thick of molding sand,
baked hard. The inner surface is toutted
with powdered plumbage or facing.
At the bottom of the pit under the cen
ter of the flask is an iron pot about six
teen inches in diameter, which contains a
layer of sand. The curvature of the pot
is followed in shape. Exactly in the center
of the flask is placed an arbor of cast iron.
which is wound with rope covered with
fine lay and baked. This arbor is hollow.
The arbor is fluted to allow the gases to
escape. The rope is gradually consumed in
the casting, and it is possible to withdraw
the arbor, leaving the eoating of clay in
the interior to protect the bore of the gun.
In the center of the arbor is placed an
iron sips, which extends nearly to the bot
tom. Such is, briefly, the method of cast
ing. At 2:50 yesterday afternoon the
neltes metal in the furnace was at the
proper consistency for casting. Bupt. Hunt
was in charge. He oast a final glance
around and ordered the men to "let her
come." Two men rammed bars of iron
into the top of the furnace and worked
them back and forth, and the metal flowed
forth in a thin stream down the troughs
iito the ladle and then to either side of the
Bask and dropped to the bottom.
There was a sizzling, snapping, and sput
* tering of the iron, and as it disappeared in
the mold there was a regular Fourth of July
display of stars and fireworks. The work
men carefully scraped the slag from the
metal and regulated the flow. In exactly
nine minutes the mold was full and the
big ladle was placed upright to hold the
excess of iron.
Over the end of the arbor wasthen.placed
a big tripod, which has a cap with screw
connection for base attachments. Then a
workman approached with a hose and
turned a stream of cold water into the
arbor. As the water reached the bottom
there was a report like a cannon, and all of
the sand and refuse in the arbor was blown
high in the air. The cap was placed on
the tripod and a hose attached to the pipe
on the arbor. Water at forty-three degrees
Fahrenheit was turned, on and soon filled
the arbor and flowed away in another pipe.
'This is the Rodman cold core-casting sys
tem.
The object is to cool the gnnrfrom the in
side and keep the outside as hot an possible
until the bore is cold. This oauses con
traction as the layers of iron cool, each lay
er being shrunk on to the other, until the
castina finally is gradually compressed by
a constant pressure from the material com
posiny it. The wobd and coal in the pit is
then fired, and soon the flask is surrounded
by a roaring hot fire, which tends to keep
the outside of the casting in a fluid state.
The first day the water flows into the arbor
at the rate of twenty one gallons a minute.
The water yesterday was 68 degrees in tem
pe. ature when it first came from the cast
jog.
This ,inerensed during the irst hour to
79 degrees. The temperature is iecorded
hourly after the first hour. At three o'clock
to-day the arbor will be removed and water
will be allowed to flow into the bore of the
gun. The temperature will then go up to
nearly if not quite, 210 degrees. The fires
in the pit will barn until tomorrow
morning, and then the flask will be allowed
to cool. From sixty to eighty hours are
necessary for casting. The flask is then
taken apart, the mold knocked to pieces,
and the rough gun taken out. During the
firat twenty-four hnurs the cast is watched
carefully. The shrinkage of metal is sup
plied in order that the upper and may not
be defective. Draughts of air that would
chill the cast are also guarded against.
When the gun is taken from the pit it is
carefully examined and then taken to the
machine shop to be turned and finished.
These mortars are hooped with steel rings
and rifled and assembled, and sent where
the government may direct. The object of
casting them in the manner described is to
secure a gun of greet .strength. In order
that the metal may thoroughly unite in the
mold and avoid flaws and babbles the fall
of the molten iron is frequently broken.
Bucklea's Asrnlc Salve.
The best salve in the world for auts,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheasm. fevrt
sores, totter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all skin euptieon, and sositively
cures piles or no pay required. It is gear
anteed togive perfeet satisfaction, or money
refunded. Price 25 cents per box. For
sale by R. L Hale & Co.
A Warning-Don't Use Big Words.
In promulgating esoteric cogitations or
articulating superficial sentimentalities
and philosophical or psychological obser
vations. beware of platitudinous ponder
osity. Let your statements possess a clari
fled conciseness, compacted comprehenei
bleness, coalescent consistency and a
concentrated cogency. Eschew all con
glomerations of flatulent garrulity, jejune
babblement and asinine affectations. In
tryiung to impress upon others the superior
ity of the Wisconsin Central lines, and why
you and so many others use this thorough
fare from St. Paul and Minneapolis and
Duluth and Ashland to Milwaukee, Chicago
and points east and south, it is not neces
sary to use jawbreakers. Let your extem
poraneous descantings and unpremeditated
expatiations have intelligibility and vera
eicas vivacity, without rhodomontade or
thrasonical bombast. Sedulounly avoid all
alrpolysyllabie profundity. psittaceous vao
alty, ventriloquial verbosity and vandilo
quoe.t vapidity, shun double eatendres,
prurient jaeosity and pestiferous profanity,
obscorent or apparent. In other words,
talk plainly, naturally, sensibly, and truth
fully say the Wiseonsin Central lines is the
reote, and that ends it.
rst National Bank*6:.
'OP HELENA, MONT.
PAID UP CAPITAL, . $500,O000
SURPLUS AND PROFITS, 700,00O
Designated Depository of tho t0
ted Stattes *
iaierest Allowed on Ti, Deposits.,
GeneraL Liakling lnea:ns Tranuacted.
Safety Deposit Boes for Rent.
Dlreateir,
8. T. HAUSER, - - President
E. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier
T. H. KLEINSgMIDT, - Asst. Cashier
OEO. H. HILI. - and Ant. Cashier
Granville Stuart, . - 8tockgrower
RHn. T. C. PoFwew - - U. 8. Senator
J. C. Curti. - Clarke, Conrad .& Curtin
L 8. Hamilton. - . - Capitalist
0. R. Allen, - Yining and Stoekgrower
CLas. K. Wels, - - - Merchant
A. M. RHelter. - A. V. Holter Hardware Co
Assaelated Banks.
NoethwesternNational Bank, - Great Falls
Viat Nattional Bank, - - Miaeosla
First Natsal Bank. - - Bnttie
'he Thomas Cruse Savings
j ANK OF HELENA.
Incorporated Under the Laws of
Montana.
PAID IN CAPITAL, - $100,000
THOMAS CRUS - President
FRANK K. CRUSE, - Vice-President
WH. J, COOK, - Aset. Treas. and Seoy
WM. J. SWEENEY. - Treasurer
Truetees.
Thomuas Crss. Prank R. CasM
Wm, J. Cook, Wm. J. Sweeney.
John Fagan.
Allows 4 per cent. interest on SavingsDeposite.
eompoundued January and July.
Transacts a general banking business. Draw
exchange on the principal cities of the United
Statre and Europe.
Deals in county and city bonds, and makes
loans on real estate mortgagee.
Ofice heaours from l0 a. m. to 4 p. m. Also on
Batb rday and Monday evenings from 7 to 8
J ontana National Bank •
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
Capital Paid In - $500,000
Surplus and Profits, - $200,000
Directors.
C. A. BROADWATER, . President
L. G. PHELPS. - - Vice President
1R L. McOULLOH, - - Cashier
A. L. SMITH, - - Ast. Cashier
A. G. Clarke Berman Geas,
H. F. Galen, Peter Larson,
C. W. Cannon, I C. Wallace.
David A. Cory.
econd National Bank ....
OF HELENA, MONT.
PAID UP CAPITAL, - $75,000
SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $25,000
A General Banking Business
Transacted.
E. D. EDGERTON, - President
C. K. COLE, Vice-President
GEORGE B. CHILD, - Cashier
JOSEPH N. KENOK, - Aset. Cashier
Board of Directors:
J. B. Sanford. C. G. Evans,
H. W. Child, H. J. Jones.
A. N. Spralt. Chris. Kenck,
E. D. Edgerton, C. K. Cole,
George B. Child.
erchants National Bank
OF HELENA, MONT.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
Paid in Capital, - $350,000
Surplus and Profits, - $ 90,000
L. H. HERSHFIELD, - - President
A. J. DAVIDSON, - - Vice President
AARON HERSBFIELD, - - Cashier
. * Board of Directoe,. .
Thomas Cruse, H. Sands,
I. S. Huntley, A. K. Prescott,
A. J. Davidson, Moses Morris.
L. H. Herehfield, Aaron Hershield.
J. Switzer.
First-class City, County and State Securities
beaght and sold.
Exchange issued on the principal cities of the
United States and Europe. Tra.sfers of money
made by telegraph.
Interest allowed on time deposits. Collections
promptly attended to.
Boxes for rent at reasonable prides in one of
the beet constrnetsd fire and burglar proof cafe
depoit vault, in the country.
NO. 440R.
H elena Nationnl Bank ....
OF HELENA, MONT.
CAPITAL, - - - $500,000
Transacts a General Banking Busi
ness.
JOHN T. MURPHY, - President
SHIRLEY C. AIIBY, - Vice President
FRANK BAIRD, - - - Cashier
Interest allowed on time deposits. Exchange
issued oe foreign countries.
Transfer of money by telegraph. First-class
city. county. aid state securlties bought and sold.
Collections promptly attended to.
Board of Directcrs.
John T. Murphy,
ShirleyC. Ashby, I'. W. McAdow,
:rank tuaird. (Chs. K. Wells,
J. P. Woolman, E. (.. Maclay,
W. E. Cullen, Jno. S. Mendenhall,
Abner B. Clementse, R S. Ford,
A. A. McDonald. J. P. Porter.
he American National...
BANK, OF HELENA.
CAPITAL. - $200,000
T. C. POWER, . President
A. J. SELIGMAN, - Vice-President
A. C. JOHNSON, - - Cashier
0EO. F. COPE, - Assistant Cashier
Directors.
T. C. Power, A. J. Seligman,
A. C. Johns a, Richard Locker,
James Sullivan.
Interest allowed on time deposits. Exchange
uaned on principal cities of the United States,
Caada and Enropo. Transfers of money made
by telegraph. Co!llctio.s promptly attended to.
City, county and state scrcrities bought and so:d,
lees No 1 Power Block. Postoffe Box 811.
mLzr.& IdUarl
Hf IS.a i . .g:ii: lr7~4~ii4~~~
·, ..-i "'
Z c- ~·..:·,?,;
1 ;i
·;i ··· i
THE NEW sORt1 DRHY 00bS STORI, `.
Main and Statetr.ut .
: Latest Goods From the East..
Stock Unsurpased in the Northw.at.
Costumee From Paris.
Every Department Complete in All Details,
e -
SANDS BROS.
Dealers in Dry Gooes, Crpsetse d F_ l ao
Goods.
iOWLES' CARH STORE.
Broadway. Opposite Independent Office.
The Leading Millinery, Notion and Fancy Dr,
Good Storem in the City.
CIROCKERY AND CHINA.
F. J. EDWARDS,
19 South Main Street.
Dealer in Fine China. Crockery aend Glasswae.
Silverware. Tinware. Lampe, ete.
FURS.
BABCOOK.
Main Street, foot of Broadway.
Coats. Jackets. Capes, Mffs.
Gentlemen's Fine Furnishing Goods.
INSURANCE,
THE GUARDIAN ASSURANCE COMPANY.
Of London.
L. F. Lacroix, Agent.
Capital paid in, 5.5000,000.
Assets over 23.,000.000
PAPER HANGERS AND DECORATORS.
0. J. HOLMES,
22 North Main Street.
Practical Interior Decorator in Fresco and Wall
Paper.
Leading Dealer in Paper Hangings and Room
Mouldings. Store. Office and Hourse Window
Shades, Curtain Poles, ete.
FREIGHT TRANSFER.
. L. SMITH.
Office at J. Feldberg's Store.
Main Street
And at the Depot.
SADDLE AND HARNESS MAKERS.
"W. NEILLIA
Stock Saddles, Stookmen's Equipments,
Harness of Every Description. eto.
17 North Main Street, Helena, Montana.
LEGAL BLANKS.
CRAIG & DAVIDSON.
Postotffi BHbx 777.
Complete Re Legal Blanks of every description
MINING MACHINERY.
CHICAGO IRON WORKS.
Meno Unzicker, Western Representative.
4 North Main Street.
Builders of General Mining and Milling
Machinery.
BLANK BOOKS.
C. B. LEBKICHEII,
Herald Building, Broadwy.
Blank Books made to order.
Books Ruled and Printed.
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW.
EDWARD C. RUSSELL.
Eittsburgh Blook.
Special Attention Paid to Patent Business.
PRODUCE AND FRESH FRlUITS.
LINDSAY & CO.
20 and 22 Edwards Street.
Wholesale and Retail Fruits and Produce.
CONFECTIONERS.
SALADE & IIEPPEIDIEZEL,
Practical Confectioners.
13 South Main Streit, Helena.
Make choice high grade goods only.
Orders for Cakes. loe Cream and Fruit Ices re
ceive our most prompt attention.
PIL'BIIhEllS AND GAS FITTEiRS.
D )NCGIIUE & McCAII'ITY.
E1 Park Avenue.
Plumbers and Gas Fitters.
Sanitary Work a Specialty.
Jobbing Promptly Attended to.
Telephone 89.
N ItEgILYM EN.
T. E. MILL.
Nureoryman and landscape Gardener.
Hotel Park Nursery.
Helena, Montana.
FURNITUZE D1 AIB LW,
ART UR ý. CURyIN, -
Th rading Furniture Htuensin 3sontaea.
Furniture, Carpet Wal aper, Hous Fur
IMusic Department complete in every detail
J. SANFORD. -
.Dealer is
furniture. Carpets, ShadeI, Lace an Chsl
Curtiu.
JEWELERS.
c B. JACQUEMIN Co.
Leading Jewelers and Silvermitha
Dealers in Diamonds Montana Sapphirhe ar.
nets and Other Precious toaes.
C Gl, nstand id n verare Pianos.
Clocks. Bronase, Art Goods. Vases.
HELENA JEWELRY CO.
Power Block, Sixth Avenue.
Fine Watches, Jewelry and Silverware.
Jewelry Manufacturina and Wateh Repairng
a Specialty.
COAL AND WOOD.
SAND COULEE COAL COMPP NY.
E. C. Perret, Agent.
Lump Coal. $5.25" Nut, .5L0 per ton by car and
4in small quantities; extra stove
coal. $V per ton.
Full Weight.
Telephone 101. Uptown OHoe in Motor Block,
Sixth Avenue.
HTELENA LUMBER COMPANY.
Agent for Galt Coal.
The Best Fuel in the Market.
ity Office. Boom 8. Thompson Bloek.
Telephone 14.
BROKERS.
H. B. PALMER,
Dealer in Investment Securities.
Money to Loan.
Purchases County. School and Municipal Bonds
and Warrants. Commercial Paper and
Mortgage Notes.
10 Edwards St., Merchants National Bank Bldg.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
L. ARNOLD,
124 South Main Street. opposite foot of Wood
Street, in keople's Loan Office.
Boot and Shoe Maker.
Repairs Neatly Mada
NEW ENGLAND SHOE STOR.,
11 South Main Street.
Full lines Men's, Ladies' and Children's Goods.
MINING AND FARM MACHINERY.
T C. POWER & CO..
Main Street and Helena Avenue.
Jobbers and Dealers in Mining and Farm
Machinery.
Steam Boilers Pumps and Hoists, Wire Hoisting
Rope. Quartz, Lumber and Parm Wagons.
Brown's Patent and Maine Bob Sleds.
GUN AND IAOCKSMITHS.
CHARLES T. MORRELL,
Practical Gan and Locksmith.
Manufacturer of and Dealer in Guns, Rifles and
Revolvere.
All kinds of Sporting Goods.
Silver. nickle and gold plating and oxidizing.
Guns made to order and repaired. Safe work,
look work and key fitting. ll kinds of repair
ing promptly done. 17 North Main street,
lHelena, Mont., opposite Grand Central Hotel.
MERCHANT TAILORS.
S FIINKELESTEIN,
The Bon Ton Tailor.
Fine line of Gents' Furnishing Goods. Suits
Made to Order.
Business Suits, $80 up. Pants. $8 up. Dress
nits, $35lup. Dress Pants, $ll up.
All work guarante3d and atisfaction assured.
1075. Main at., International Hotel Building.
GROCERS.
C REIBOLD & CO.
Staple and Fancy Grocers,
And Dealers in Hay and Grain.
No. 15 Bridge Street
Telephone No. 193.
Helena. Montana.
A R. GATES GROCERY CO.
Sole Helena Agents fee
Richmond Creamery Batter.
Telephone 19t
BACH, CORY & CO.
Sixth Avenue and Main Streets.
Wholesale and Retail Grooere.
The Largest and Best Stock Carried in the
State.
Fine Cigars and Candies,
BUTCHERS.
MABRES & FISHER,
110 Broadway. Helena, Montana.
Choice cuts of Fresh Meats. Lard and Sansage
always on hand.
T. L. MATTHEWS, -
Wholesale and Beiail Dealoers n Fresh Meats
Lard and i-aunage.
403 North Park.
BROADWAY MEAT 'MARKET.
Jehn J. Back. Proprletor.
Wholesale and Retail Doealr In Fresh Meats,
Poultry. ish and Game.
eleophone 191.
United. St gpetoi'ry,
T. 'I aildsa, Ptesl4ttid
. D.
Cnpitrlr $2001,000
G neor F. CoDe, as't Cashier
Interet Allowed on Time Deposits.
TE ROMAN ORCUS SvNas BANK.
Pa In C Pya3 1000,00.
. uA. t, Psenea rsedt. e
IL Cre, Vise President.
Wm. J. Coo, t Tre and Bec'y.
nr Per Cent. IntAerest on Savinegs Deposite.
Compounded July and Jnaury.
TOIRT OASAM C NATIONAL B SAN .
CPaintan , C 00.000.
United Btatas Depository.
T A. CBro ater, Prsident
PAn K.. Crlps, Vice President.
W.. C . weohnnn Cashier.
AeirgeF omi th ant Cashier.
TITRCHANT NATIONAL BANIL
Paid Up Capital, 580,00.
Snrplus and Profits, $900,000
United States Depository.
L . Herashfied President.
Fa i.P Dison. Vice President.
Ar. on Herh eld, Cashier.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL LIQUORS.
Established 1806.
I. MARKS,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers ine
Imported andDomu o Wines, Liquors, J igar
Bmokers' Articles.
No1 NorT NATIONAL BANtet le.ant
S pit GOODIND., ,000.
Surplus end Prof and Main Str0,000.
Wholesle Dealers in Wine, Liquors and Cisae
HOTELS.
HE BBIBTOL
Corner S, Main and State Streets,
. . el, Presideont.an
. a, Eectric Lisht, Steam Heat and Elevatot
ervice. Cashier.
Street Cas To and From All Depots Ever
Fitteen Minutes.
SFinlar Urquhart, Prop.
THE COB MOPOLITAN.
European Hote and Restaran.
Helena. Montana.
Room c. 75e and l Meals 2e..
Sample Rooms for Commeriai Travelers.
H. C. ainrard. Proprietor.
AEVIDERE HOUSE
511 and 51 North Main Street.
European Hotel and Restaurant. Rooms, 150,
750, $1, $1.a and Staostr day.
Smkelar mAri 2cles
elar me orhouren: aBrea rMta, 6 to a. ;
dinner. 11:0 a. m. to2 p aa: supper, 5:30 too9i
m. Meeais cooLed to order at all hotrs. o
rates b ee or onth Mrodern conveniences.
ICNERAL SRINGS HOTE
Mtarus Lisoner. Proprietor.
First Class n Everyn Respet.
Ratel $2 Per Dua and Upwards.
The Celebrated Mineral N pri Water Used
Exclaive .
-INDBOR HOUSE.
Uo1417 North Main Strt.
European and American Piana
Modern Conveniences.
S ata e $r25 to f 2.00 Per DayE
A. P. GinheUreau, Proprietor.
BOTTLING WORKS.
BELNA EOTmLIN. WOOKS,
n827-329 Water Street.
Meraritt & Co., Proprietors.
iannufactrere and Wholesale Dealers in Soda
Water, Root Beer, Giger Ale, rcel Tr Water.
Orders by mail receive prompt attention.
FANCY GOODS,
IHE BEE HIVE,
Maru GenbererPrr & Co.
11 North Main Street.
Fanoy Articles of every description. The larag
eat and mot complete Department
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.
CAP1TAL CITE MUSIC CO,
8e Ninth avnenue.
S elena, Montana.
BO EWERIES.
MVL LEALZ BORINGW WOE.
Of Milwankee
MilltCh Proprietor.
Wholesale Dealers in Milwaukee
LaSer HUer,
Hlolona, Montana
Hiller & Co., Proprletors.
OfieB 65 Nouth Main Street.
Established 1864
Brewens and bottler oo firet qualitny Ber.
Shipped to all railroad point. in Moatam
-,r~
n .t .tors . Slale o n4 $ aM.- Stok -
tlr Bre ull oe New Saood.
i5 p, lMain Btex^s.
Dealers in
Clothing, l othi and Shes, Hats pd Furlehb
Go'ods. oBloanket ndQuilts .
Dealers in Fine Neckwear. isdo t~ , ndrwer ar.
Fine Shirts Made (6Order,
n1M o BOSTON CLOTHING COMPran
9-25 South Main Stiedt.
Dealers in
Fine Clothing and Gentlemen's Furnishing
Goods,
Etook Large and Adapted t6 Everr Need.
J FELDBERG.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Deady Made Clothing and Gents' Furnishing
Goods.
TICKET BROKERS.
As GOLDBERG,
Cut Sate Railroad Ticket Offiee
65 South Main Street, Helena, Mont.
Tickets Bought, Sold and Exchanged.
Member Guarantee Ticket Brokers' Association.
LOAN OFFICES.
PEOPLES LOAN OFFICE.
124 South Main Street.
Money Advanced on All Personal Property.
Unredeemed Pledges, Consisting of Clothing,
Watches, Diamonds, Guns, Pistols, Eta.
For dale.
P. O. Box 595, Helena, Montana.
UNGCLESBAM'B LOAN OFFICE CO.
Corner Main and Wall Streets.
(Old First National Bank Building.)
Money Loaned at Low Rate of Interest on AL
Hinds of Collateral.
$1Q000 in Unredeemed Pledges For Sale.
Railroad Tickets Bought and Sold,
MARBLE WORKS.
lONTANA MARBLE WORKS,
Lower Main Street.
O. F. Smith. Proprietor.
Manufacturer of American and Italian Marble
Monuments.
Cemetery work executedin the neatest style.
PROFESSIONAL CARDS.
CBUTCHER & GARLAND.
(T. E. Crutcher, B. C. Garland)
Attorneys at Law.
Rooms 7 and 8, Bailey Block.
Minisa corporation and realestate law special.
.ee, Will practice in all the state courts, in the
United States supreme court and before all the
tppuartments in Washington city, in connection
vith Hon. A. H. Garland. late attorney general,
&BRBURN K. BABBOUR.
Attorney and Counsellor at I.a
Masonio Temple, Helena, Mont.
MASSENA BULLARD,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
Will practice In all courts of reeord in th
_lats. Office In Gold Block. Helena. Mont.
SIZEB & KEERL,
Civil and Mining En.tneers.
C. S. DeputyMineral Surveyors. MineralD a
nte Mecured. Rooms 12.-1, Atls Building, M.
ens, Mont.
DR. . ROCKMAN.
Physician. Surgeon, Acconcher, Oealst, Aursil
Member of San 1r.ncisco Medical Society.
lIsaO Nevada State Medical Society. Office eq
slain street. orver Steinruetz ewelry Store.
"Henry's Specifics"
THE RENOWNED ENGLISH REMEDY
INFALLIBLE CURE FOR
NERVOUS DEBILITY,
PREMATURE DECLINE,
BRAIN TROUBLE AND
ORGANIC WEAKNESS
No mat1lr from what canoe. Contains no min
orals. Price 1., Wholesale and retail druggists
upply the demand,
Depoitory for the United States and Canada:
13 East Thirtieth street. New York.
The Specific can be sent by mail sealed ona sa
ceipt of money.
: * ' A E.PRESCOff
--Dealer ia
MAftBLE
W * * AND *
GRANITE
MONUMENTS
* ,AND. a
SHeadstones.
SHELENa, - - ag
NOTICE TO CO-OWNENlS-HELENA, LEWIS
-and larkwt-munty, Montana, Nov. 7, 1821.
'o t lis ibiv, or to whom it may Concern:
You are hereby nutified that I have expended one
thoJusand nine hundred ($1,900) dollars, in labor
and improvemsnta upon the west fifty fet of
No. 8 %s.t, and the east fifty feet of No. 4 West,
on tke Mc lutyre lode in Owyhee mining distriot.
Lewis and (larke county. Montana, (esaid Dpareels
of cronud being bosnded, on the east hb lot 8
."t. and on the west bh118 "'D", United ltateo
peteuts on said Mcnltyre' .'-lo) in order to hold
sahl premises. under the provisions of section
211, revrised stattee of the Ulnited States. beilg
the emount reulited toLu hold the same for the
years. 817, 18R74. 1875. 1870. 1,77. 1878, 1879, 1880,
lI.,1 1881. 1883, 1881, 1881, 1888. 1887. 1888. 1889.
And it within neinety day after this notice by
pubtlcation. .no fall or rofuse to contribute yoes
proporttlon of esuh r.aeuditre as co-owner,
your interest in said claim will Ie the propertyt
f the subecriber under section f'811
JACOB SCUISAJ,
Dats of Scai publioatioa Nov. 7, 1.98.

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