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Spmiltteanes at the risk of sabscriber unless bes made by registered letter, check, or postal or ex- yet press order, payable to The Independent Pub- the lbhing Company. T"rPereona desiring the IBcaI'ranDan served at their homes or place of buaeness caa order by an( pe.sRal car or thitogh ~eolPhone No, 100. Pleas e report cases of irregultr delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insure prompt insertion, should be handed in before 8 p. m, ( IRejected communitsAtidns not returnable nn iwe postage is enclosed. TERMS OF SUBSORIPTION. get tY MAIL, bel Dailly [inclnding inndayF per year.......... $10 00 re Daily [including Sunday] six months...... 5 00 T Daily [includisg Sunday] three months.... 2 50 Daily [excluding Sunday] Jper year........ 00ti Daily [excluding Stndarl per month...... 75 ser Sunday onal lin advanOer per year......... 1 50 pro Weekly [in advance only per year......... 2 rib Daily by carrio, per week, lseven issues, 5 rib __________ chc HELENA, MONT, FEB. 12, 1892. to -- itut ---llI. (ilMontanians abroad will always find Tua DAILY INDEPEND.ENT on lile at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and .Metropolitan, New York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, 1 Ban Francisco; MlcDermott, Butte; Leland Hotel, bet Siiringfield. Ill. 1ap ran THE WVEATHE. By Reported for T tNDnP:ENDOENT daily by E. J. W1i Glass, United States observer.0 m. 8:00 p. n. t Barometer ... ... 9 2 °0.00 T e m p e r a tu rn e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2... . . . . l n.s ind .... ...... .. ... w-lS sw- leg' Mlnimnm temparahtre, 3U... tail Maximum temperature. 40.0. Forecast: Fair: slightehangeo in temperature, the IiLLENA. Mont.. Feb. 11. 1892. oil WHAT is the city attorney here for? per as I TaE McNally incident is but one of mel several signs of weakness in the present our city government. hol01 ---- -- lint THE republican papers of Montana suie will be short of silver ammunition in his the coming campaign. arg if A NxEW arrival is the Marysville Moun if taineer. Itis a bright, newsy, well edited tu and good looking newspaper. no} Bar silver wrs worth 89?, yesterday. say Republican editors are invited 5to ex- " plain the steady decline, if they can. Mr. - cia IT is hardly probable that Mir. Blaine lo]l will remain in the public service now the that he has retired from. the presiden- be : tial race. suil Si.AvTO HILL appears satisfied with cha Albany as a fishing ground. But he 1 may catch a "Tartar" before the fishing thii season is over. bra of I THE council'should have something cit, to say when the next city ofticer applys luc for the services of the city attorney. He t i is a city officer. jus A MONTANA federal judge decides that pa0 beer is not an intoxicating liquor. It is If i probably not in Montana.-New York R.e- th corder. cit That depends. ithi TaE gubernatorial bootr? of Lieut.- aw Gov. Rickards is now only awaiting tot the official endorseio'nt of the Butte m, Inter Mountain. th fla TraE ranks of po itical back numbers ha include all classes. Mr. Blaine has vol- is. untarily joined tiose who have been forced into the list. bil S -- to, THE esteemed Journal may not be al- me together satisfied with the Bland bill ex but it will admit that it is far better oc0 than the present silver law. DESPITErr apparent differences in the democracy of New York state it is safe to predict that that commonwealth will ex be democratic in November. _ pe FORTUNATELY Montana will not fall to into the clutches of the new coal trust. pi She has enough good coal within her th boundaries to supply the United States. th atof JoHN SuIEP.RMAN'S opinion that Harri- lil son cannot carry Ohio is significant. p, Among other things it may mean Mc- tr Kinley's candidacy for the presidency. er WHAT do you think of the city paying o0 a lawyer's bill of $150 when the city has ti a salaried attorney? This inquiry is di addressed to you, Messors. Taxpayers. b ONE of Harrigan's popular songs a few years ago was "McNally's Row of rn Flats.." Helna just now furnishes Mc Nally and the city council contributes c the "flats." T'rFE: city attorney thought he had no right to defendt McNally buit the council thought the city should pay his at torney's bill. The city has lost $150 by tlhe transaction. I W~'itu.i are the Alger, the (Iresha iti the Lincoln republicains of Montanai The Harrison men are likely to have matters their own way if the h'opIposi tion" does not ,soon organize. Orto eveninig toniteir porary otill clings to the belief that BItlaine wvill accept, the republican nomination. Hlis "loreonce letter in 1888 should be evidence that when he declines hie manslti usiness. \Yennsiistvi was an exicedingly chilly day for Spanish anarchists. I"our were garroted in public:. 'lThe anarchist is an unwelcome citizoen in monarchy and re, public alike, Roid lthe more brains and nerve he is possessed cf the quicker he reatches the gallown-s. Tirn ; mayyr, who halis attended council meetings with noticoaible regularity, was not present iwhen the McNally claim was allowed. It IS therefore presumed that he is not in syupathy with such action and will not ibe slow in express ing his views to the aldermen at an early date. Joniw Jay KNox, the great financier who recently died, came from a groeat family. In central New York the Knoxs have existed for generations and with few exceptions the men have been readers in business and in the pIrofes sions. Rev. John Knox, the father of John Jay, was a famous preacher of the old Presbyterian school. One of his sons, Henry M. Knox, is the present bank examiner of Minnesota and one of thile authorities on finance in this coun try. Rev. Charles E. Knox, another son, is a distnguished Presbyterian divine anud Is at present a leading oeadl date for the vacant presilency of :Hatm ilton college. Rev, George W. Knox has o been a missionary to Japan for many years and has. distinguished himself in thi the literature relating to that country. E All were graduates of "Old Hamilton"' RlK and have. done muah in maintaning. b the hol0raible'faie of that college. Ell GovruNoa Tootea's proclamation ask- o p ing the aid of Montanians for the relief . of starving peasants should receive a "81 generous response. lie is quite right in M believing that the citizons of the state d are ready to relieve the wants of others. imp This has been demonstrated many times. The Russian famine grows more he serious from day to day and unless J prompt measures are employed the ter- amt rible scourge will be almost beyond adi check. It is time for every Montanian I the to contribute something to the relief yet and the work should be done promptly. wa -ler MO1RE EX P.LANATIONS NEEDED. WI If the HIelena Journal cannot devise a the bettor defense for the city council than ate appeared- in yesterday's paper it should the remain quiet and thus avoid ridicule str, By turning to its files of last August it 18 189 will find that the council passed a reso- the lution abolishing theo office of building bra inspector. This may or may not have No: legally abolished the office. It was oer- the tainly the senseof the council and it fur- awr ther measures were not taken the coun- cot oil was certainly guilty of great negli- Sta gence. But this is not the point so far ."y as the proceedings of the last council Lo: meeting are concerned. According to fre in our contentpory, City Attorney Craven i' holds that it did not come within his \ye line of duty to defend a.city officer when rot sued for alleged negligence of duty in air his official capacity. For the sake of argument this is admitted. Now, then, wil if the city attorney was right why 80C under tbesun did the city assume it to alt be its duty to pay Mr. McNally's attor ney's bill? The Journal explains it by bin 5aff; saying: wiu "As the suit of Mr. Merritt involved only teImi Mr. McNally and his sureties, the city o ti'- me tials probably thought the municipality te lucky to escanpe being sued itself, and paid pea the $450 for expenses because it would not WI be fair for the inspector to be put to ex- era pense to defend himself against nujust suits brought upon him while in the dis- j '1 charge of his duties." the Nonsense! If the city council did not H think it fair for this expense to be hal brought upon McNally in the discharge ing of his official duties, why did not the 'J city attorney defend him? What has oi luck got to do with the matter anyhow? the It is a matter of right or wrong and Cr< justice or injustice to our taxpayers who the pay the money for the city's expenses. 1 If it is not right for McNally to employ the the city attorney why is it right for the tar city council to pay a lawyer's bill like Sol this for one of its officers, why'not do zol away with the office of city attorney al- 30 together? As THE 1NDEI'EDENT re--p marked the other morning, one of twoi Ca things is true; the city attorney should yet hiav defeihded :MoNally or he soauld rol have paid his own attorney's bill. There of is no getting around this. of The taxpayers have paid pretty liberal t bills in past years for the welfare of this of town, but they like to know where the pu money goes and they do not enjoy an Sc exhibition of such bad work ashas lately Be occurred. sti HARD TO GET RID OF. In the February number of the Forum ex-Senator Edmunds contributes an in- bh teresting and scholarly article on the perils of our national elections. The a text is suggested by that portion of tb President Harrison's message calling a the attention of congress to the evils of p the gerrymander. Senator Edmunds of after commenting on the evils that are likely to follow the apparent success of politicians in dividing congressional diE tricts to suit their purposes, makes sev eral suggestions. It is quite certain that in the choice of congressmen the min ority selects' thb majority of representa tives in several states. The gerryman 3 der fromt early days has been recognized e by pooliticians as a legitimate political manoeuver it not justifiable in the proper sense of the word. It has been I resorted to first by one party and then by _ another as state admilnistrations have changed. IlThe president was doubtless prompted to call special attention to the subject because the gerrymander has 0 become far mnore colemon within the i last few years, and lhas been used with more iunscrupulous audacity as politics lhavue b3come more bitter. Mr. Ed nundd s s quite right in saying: "When the continued increase and diffusion of these practices of chicanery in politics Sshall have poisoned thie communities of the majority, or evein a less number of Ithe state, there will be an end of tihe liberties of the pieople both in legal and umoral sense; for the idea of true liberty is absolutely opposed to that of fraud Sand injustice, as i that,, truth is to false ithood.'" liut Senator IEdmonds' pes siuistic view of the futlure may be, per halps, ouv'rdrawn. WP think that politic Iv ians in tie days of Jackson and Henry re ('lay were as bad acs thliose of tie present Sd day, though not so imany in number. Mr. ldmiunds, as a reimedy, suggests id that conigres shlould control tihe div ision of districts, and "Adjust their re lat(ie p,l ulations uponI coosideriatons ofi' geograpily and arithmetic solely. il taces uiid creeds anid tril-tiles muitst 1)U is absolutely ignored." ut wouldt stiuch aI in remedy be elffoctive? Is it not reason ed able to think thait the domnanut party ch in congress wiould quiite am roidily be s- controlled by partisanship in the crlea an tion of congressional districts as the lIgislatures of the several differoent states? Congresus ine never yet been icr credited with intre loluitcnl msorality sit than other election bodies. O(n the con0 le trary, the congress of tihe tUnited States nd is the hotloed of political scliminers of the on entire country. If congrcssilonal die os- tri.ts were ildlo oi thlce proper lines of of geography and airithmetic it woull still the be necessiary to clanige the lione aifter his every colsue. 'Thlmo would tliei arise nt thie usuaiil purtisan controversies willh of the result that, as now, the party in un- peower would hlave its own wray. We her can really see no hope of such Utopian 'ian changes until Utolia itself ih reached. SJnd TTNC Asa0,T TOr bling oaee thiste orll ,-e Thae ( insqps nwillh bedip d this eveninO at Assmb alls . Samuel 0. Hudson has located ihe MSa. Rie lode in Little orlek diltribt., The'new poatoffll hOlethe Sixth We;d will be rgdy orbaqlineg o Mqnday. lima l 111 be a sgotllg of the x3. & l. O. E lko bl evening at 7:) o''elobk-ss-ur , Tlt.el3.aidof T'rde uieet tonight. &tt :O o'clook end a general attendance Il.ech.ed. Bobby Gpylor with his new cored, MSport McAlioter," is booked for Min~'s eroh 15 andI,.6. The executive committee of the, Hen dricke democratic club will meet this even ing at the club rooms, W, A. ChOasmap has 0onveyed to Georgo G. bymes, of Denver, a tract of land near the Montana Central depot. Jolni Couplanul, a native of Grst BBjtain, and Samuel Weinstein, of Germany, were admitted to citizonehip yesterday. Latest advices from Washington are to the effect that Commodore Power, while yet very weak, is improving and is in a fair way to recovery. President Hill and Chief Engineer. Beek ler. of the Groeat Northern, are in Spokane. While there they will definitely decide on the entrance to that city. The proprietor of the Broadway gcerooy store says the mud on the south side of that thoroughfare, between Davis and Chaucer streets, is over bhoetope deep. The earnings of the Great Northern for 1891 were $5,80o9,00, a million in excess of the previous year. The ,Montana Central branch is the best paying feeder the Great Northern has. Tna IND.rrNDcrT is the lowest bidder for the state public printing, and has been awarded the contract. The C. K. Wells company secured the contract for furnishing stationery supplies. Boys and girls, don't you want to Attend "Yo Hatchet PartieY" All members of the Loyal 'Tiemperance Legion will be admitted free. Come to their meeting this afternoon in the Denver block. The steam motor made its final trip Wednesday evening. Iesidents along the route are contermplating holding Thanks giving cervices. The electric cars are run ning very satisfactorily. The West Point cadetship examination will probably be finished to-day and as soon as the averages can be computed the name of the successful candidate and his alternate will be made known. "Ye Hatchet Partie," on Washington's birthday. promises to be quite n successful affair. The numerous "Hatchet" family 1will appear in costume, as well as those temperance soldiers, the Loyal legion. Ad mission, 25i; children, 10c. Agent Edgar. of theNorthern Pacific, was tu ned out of his den yesterday by the car penters, who are remodeling the office. When the repairs are completed the North ern Pacitic will have in Helena one- of the finest offices in the northwest. The Helena gentlemen who went over to Whiteeaulphur Springs Tuesday got out cf the snow blockade yesterday. They are expected home to-day or to-morrow. Mr. Holter, who did not go farther than the half-way house, returned Wednesday even ing. The Sons of Veterans will give a social supper and dance this evening at the hall on Perk avenue. The principal feature of the evening will be an address by Rev. Dr. Crooker. The occasion is the commemora tion of Lincoln's birthday, and friends of the order are invited.. A congress composed of cattlemen from the states of Colorado, Nevada, Idaho, Mon tana, Washington, Utah, Wyoming. Cali fornia, Oregon. Texas, Kansas, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ari zona, Indian Territory and Oklahoma, has been called to meet at Ogden April 29 and 30 next. Miss Mabel Caeedy, a sister of H. J. Casedy, of the district court.,has signed a year's engagement with the Carleton Opera company as anderstudy for primprdouna roles. Next fall she will take the.'position of Clara Lane. Miss Casedy is a resident of San Francisco and was the soprano in the Synagogue. The Montana Herald Publishing company, of Great Falls, has been incorpoiated.'o publish a newspaper and do a general trift ing business. The incorporators are A. F. Schmitz, William. Albrecht, Augustus Bareuther and Charles W. Bresler; capital stock, $10,000. The,papes will be printed in German, and democratic in politics. 1OTICE TO CREDITORBI-E rTATE OF JOHI IMcPbee, deco red. iNotice is hereby given by the undorsigner. Agnes McPhee. adminitra, trix of the estate of John McP'hee, do eased, ts the creditors of, sdt all perseon havirg claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them wi.h the necessary vouchrer. within fort months afrel the first publlcation of .his notice, to the said administratrix at Rooms 209, 210 ard 2!1 tiranits block, Helena, Montana, the eams being thL place for tho transaction of the business of said estate in the countsy of Lewis and Clarke. AGN]NE MrPHEE, Administratrix of the Estate of John Mol'hee deceases. dDated December 29th, 1851. • . PATENTS. • United States and Foreign Pat. 1 ents obtained and any information S EDWARD C. RUSSELL, a Attorney at Law. I Pittsburgh Block. Helena, Mont. S rr. '- E 'ILLLS, SNurseryman and SLandscape Gardener a eHotel Park Nursery, Helena., Mont Y IT TLERý TIHE CouFRT - 7 An analysis of the celebrated I)iamond Birand of Hard Wheat I'atent Flour shows it to be richer in phosphates and in all of the elements which go to Wmake up a pure flour than any other in the market. Therefore, may it please the court, I ask that this Jury may be compelled to eat a barrel of this flour before deciding upon this case, in which case they will unquestionably have some brain material in their stomach, even if they have none in their heada. . d. NEWAN S SIGNEE. BOOs ANS OES. Less Than Half Price. BOOTS AND SMOES Even if not an actual present necessity, purchases at the prices we now offer become a paying investment. Come and see what a really nice store we have and the standard Footwear we offer at half price, Power Building, Under American National Bank, Sixth Ave, and Main St, THE GODES. Political, Penal, Civil, Civil Procedure Complete Sets For Sale at This Ofce. $10 PER SET. RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly lrri gated, on fine range. A GRICAT .BARGAIN. W. E. Cox, Gold Block. --o Wm - $500 REWARD covery of Fcveyd o John M cPhee the body of Lost in the mountains in Deer Lodge county, west of Rimini and south of Elliston. Mr. MoPhee was about .' feet 11 inches in height and weighedt about 180 pounde. He had blue oye, brown hair, a reddish rown full beard trimmed medium close, and a Ecar on the right temple. Was last seen Wcdnesday afternoon, tept. 30, about three miles east of the Ontario mine. fe had on glasses and wore a dirk unit. of clothee, dark spring overcoat and dark spring *hat. tIe carried a gold hunting case watch with his name engraved on the insido rcae. 'Th above reward will be offerd for a period of thirly tIaye fromnt this date only. All iewajds pretionsly offered are this tay cacoled. Addrees intorma tion to 'the Grand Republic Mining Co., Helena, Montana. T'r.E GRAND REPUBLIC MINING CO. C.vrstoLIC KNIGHTS OF AMERICA. IDated at Helena, Mont., this 13th day of Janu ary, A. D. 1802. We are making a Specialty OF CUTTING MONITAN SAPPBIES, D. DESOLA, MENDES & CO. Cutters of Diamonds and Precious Stonos. 51 and 53 Maidlen Lane, New York. Hermr-afl- Ba-uer, r Manufaoturer of Coats, Robes and Mats. Also Tanner of all kinds of Hides and Fare. Repairing and (Cltning of Fur Goods. I18 North eain Street. - Helena. Montaun. IRRIGATING PUlPS. The Pnlsometer Steam Irrigating PumN Has been awarded the prizes at all recent trials, notably at the North western Industrial .Exposition at Spokane Falls, Wash. It is the most economical and practical Pump to handle large volumes of water now in the market. These machines are rapidly growing in favor with Irri gating Engineers. We will furnish catalogues and list of testimonials on application. A.H M.olter Hardware Co. GENERAL HARDWARE AND MILLING SUPPLIES Mining Machinery, Engines, Pumps and Boilers, Tools, Mathematical and Surveying Instruments. W iLndsor Eouse. 111, 413, 415 AND 417, LOWER MAIN STREET, HELENA European and Amerioan plan. Excellent board and good accommodations. Pleasant rooms and steam heat. Modern conveniences. RATES: S1.25 TO $2 PER DAY. A. P. GINCHEREAU. Proeriekp. JUST ARRIVED. SPRING STYLES knex Hats. "---OF------- SEE OUR WINDOW DISPLAY. GANS & KLEIN.