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OUR NATIONAL LIBRARY.
Some Information About the jew Building, Which Is to Cost $6,000,000. It Will Before Long Contain the Largest Library in the World. Librarian Spofford Shows How Our Liter ary sten Are Increasing-He Dis. cusses the Copyright. [Written for the HELtNA INDEPENDENT.] HE GREAT AMERICAN BRAIN IS the most active brain in the world. The gray matter which lines our cranium seems to grow in power from year to year, and there are almost as many literary inventions as there are me ohanical ones. We are fast becoming a bookish nation, ab well as a working one, and the day will some when our national library of congress will surpass in size any of the other great libraries of the world. We have one of the finest librarians of the world in the Hon. Ainseworth R.Spofford, who for a quarter of a century has been dealing out books to the congressmen, soientists and literateurs who make Wash ington their headquarters. I called on Mr, Spofford yesterday and asked him to tell me the extent of the library and to hive me the condition of the copyright bill. ie talks most interestingly, and the revised result of his conversation is the folowing. Said he: "We have now in the National library very nearly 700,000 bound volumes and 200,000 pamphlets. This is an immense amountof literary matter, and we now rank as the sixth Creat library in the world. The five greater ones are the National library of Francs at Paris, the British mu seum library at London, the Royal library of Germany at Berlin, the Imperial library of Russia at St. Petersburg. The Paris library is the largest, containing 2,225,000 volumes. The British museum library ranks second, with 1,500,000 volumes. "These foreign libraries are much older than ours. The library of congress had a small beginning in the year 1800, when an approrriation of $3,000 was made to pur chase books for the use .of congress. The selections were limited to such works as were needed by the members for reference. As. a people we were then almost unknown in literature, There was evidently no thought of giving to thoe.library its present wide scope. Ad ditiens were made from time to time and the liblary gradually assumed a more ex tended range. "Besides copies of all books copyrighted and published in the United States, the li brary contains probably 200,000 foreign books which are procured~ by both purchase and exchange. About three-fourths of the whole number are of American and English issue. The remaining fourth represents all civilized nations of the world, with France and Germany in the lead. There are books in all the languages of Europe, and a lim ited number from Asia and other countries. Any foreigner visiting Washington and wishing to consult books in his mother tongue may find them here." "Does the library grow much from year to year?" "The yearly increase of books in the li brary is feom 15,000 to 20,000. In the notual number of volumes the increase is 10,000 to 12,000 greater, as the copyright law requires the filing of two copies of each publica tion. One copy is placed in the library and the other is deposited in the copyright arch ives. From 3,000 to 5,000 volumes, chiefly NEW CONGRESSIONAL . fit' A NEW CONGRESSIONAL LIBR(ARY. foreign, are added by purchase each year, and as many more by donation and de posit. "l'ell me something about copyrights." "The ii st copyright law," said Mr. .,of ford. "in the United States was passed in 1790. The • are books on our shelves besir ing that date. In these lnter days 'of m', k ing books there is no end.' but at that time the copvrig.,t business was not a hundredth part of what it is now. Last year the number of entries for copyright was 3G,225. Of these there were: Books. 14,783; neriodier (in round numbers), 7,000; musical aun dramatio compositions. 9,000; photographsa 2.000; engravings and chromos, 2,000. T'Ile remaining 3,000 em brace prints, cuts, designs, drawings, paint ings, maps and charts. Formerly business trademarks and labels were also issaned un der the copyright law, but in 1874 these were transferred to the patent ofilce. 'The issues of copyrights by the librarian of congi ese is now confined to literataure and art in their various branches. A copyright secures the author against pillage of the produet of his bain, as a patent dosa to the invento . The life of a copyright is twenty-eight years. At the expiration of that time it may be renewed for fourteen years more by the author, or by his heirs, if he be dead. It cannot be extended be yond forty-two years. There are very few publications the vitality of which is not ex hausted long before even the first limit is reached. The number of entries for copyrights ap proximately indicates the birth of new book. in each year. The entries are some what larger than the actual issue, for in many eases the enterprise ends with the copyright-the manuscript never goes into the hands of the printers. The gratifiua tioa of literary ambition is more or less ex pensive. To the publisher it is a simple, sordid question of dollars and aonts in whiqh sentiment is a secarcely appreciable factor. He will not publish a book unless he thinks he can snake money on it. It the author has means and faith enough in his work to assume the financial risks, he will, of course, have no dilficulty in getting his book into print. One whose reputation is assured as a successful caterer to the read ing taste of the peopile, in any department of literature, will always find a ready pub lisher. It is the ambitious novitiates in authorship who suffer freqent and grievous disappointment." "Are many books profitable?" "The judgment of the shrewd and experi enced publisher is often at fault. Not snore than 10oper cent of all the books published can be said to be even fairly successful, their issues not extending beyond one or two editions. Not one in a hundred secures a permanent place in standard lit erature. A few books which catch the popular fancy are profitable-usually much more to the publisher than to the author -and it is on these that money is made. Thousands of books never pay even the eoat of publication. 'This is parties larly true of the lighter elass. of fiction. Very few books of this kind exetse more than a passing interest, and this is as muhob as most of them deserve. Many are harm lesesl lrane; others are aotualy pernolous in their tendency and nfluence. It is us. fortunately true that the latts-, in lmany asnes find the larget number of readers. The literature of this and all other coon. tries is vitiated through the avarice of those who are quiok to publish anything thing that will sell. "The word 'book' is somewhat indefinite. Byron says: 'A book'/l a book, although there's nothlng In it,' If those were ex cluded which really have nothing in them the actual number would be greatly re duced. There are manoy deposited bore under the copyright law such as city di rectories, Sandsy chool asaing book, hlotel registers and other special and class publi cations which cannot properly be con sidered as books. They are books in a mechanical sense, and so they go upon our shelves or are stored away in our vaults. A man may eopyrightanything that he puts In print. Heis prone to error in supposing it to have such value as to render it liable to piracy. 'thousands of publioations, in cluding a ,nultitude of so-called books, would be equhlly safe from theft with or without the protection of a copyright. But the protection it given to all who want it or think they do." "Give me some idea of the pamphlets of the library," "As do the bound volumes in the library, the 100,000 pamphlets cover the widest pos sible range that the mind can conceive. They are upon every subject that has en tered into the mind of man. Naturally mouch of this class literature is ephemeral. having only a temporary or local interest. Many of these pamphlets, however, are of permanent historical, statistical or scien tific value. Those, as well as all bound books, are recorded in a manuscript cata logue classilled by topics and by au thors, so that anything called for may be readily found. Y!ears ago it was at tempted to keep up n piinted catalogue, but this proved imoracticable, by reason of the la go and constantly growing iperease of the library and the copyright business, andtheplan was aandoned. The manu seri, t catalogue is found sufficient for all practical needs. This kept closely up to date, all publications received each day be ing at once entere acoording to their proper classifcation. Th'le catalogue is somewhat ponderous with its 700,000 en tries, but so perfect is the system that there is little delay in finding whatever may be wanted." "How about newspapers?" 1 asked. "Besides complete issues of maegezinee and reviews of all kinds." replied the librarian, "there are in the library a large number of newspapers, including 16,000 bound volumes. Among them are many foreign news;apers. There are English papers running back more than two cen turies, and American papers from 100 to 140 years. It may be easily understood that these relies of the past bear little resemblance to the daily issue under the marvelous enter prise and development of to-day in the field of journalism. These old newspapers, in quaint typography, laded and yellow with age, have a value that goes beyond the mere gratification of curiosity. As a record of ourrent events In years long past, the writings and speeches and deeds of former generations, they are often sought by the students of history anud the anti quarian. Thees may be consulted in the library rooms, but under no circumstances are they permitted to be taken away. If lost or destroyed it would be impossible to replac sthem. "The library of congress is open to the people of Washington. Books may be drawn upon a deposit of money to cover their value, the money being returned when the drawer wishes to close the account. T'he books that may be taken out are the duplicate copies upon the shelves. Those in the archives are not disturbed there is no other library in Wash ington that is accessible to the general public. Each of the departments has a library for the use of its employee only. The loss of the books to the library of con gress in consequence of the circulating system is small and is made good from the money forfeited rn such cases. The re binding of booke when necessary Is done out of the library appropriations." "The library is now very much crowded, is it not?" "It may'be safely said that no branch or bureau of the government has such urgent need of more commodious quarters as the library. The space allotted to it in the capitol building was full fifteen years ago. Since then the alcoves and recesses have undergone a piocess of absolute cramming. B rery shelf was full lone ago, and in every corner upon the floor, lie great heaps of books, pamphlets and newspapers, for which no other place can be found. Eleven rooms elsewhere in the capitol are filled with the accumulation, and still the stream flows in day by day, in every week, month and year. "A new and adequate building should have been erected years ago. Congrees has Ione had the subjoOt under consideration, and it is a matter of congratulation that at last the project has crystallized into definite form, and the walls of the new national library building are slowly but surely rising. An entire aqua e, just east of the capitol, was bought for this purlose. Architects were sent to Europe to examine the great libia ri ,,in order that the best possible plan might hb perfected. As matured, it is be lieved to be second to none in the world. 'he building will cover three acres. It will be larger than the great state, army and navy building. Its estimated cost will be ji,01)0,000. It in the only struc ture vet undertaken by the government that will be built for a century. Not one of the present public buildinoe in Washington is even now suffloient to meet the needs of the vast and rapidly growing business of the country. The new library building will sullico for 15l years to come. When linished it will afford room for 4,000,000 volumes-nearly 50 per caent more than are now embraced in any library in the world." "When will it be finished?" "The building will not at once be com pleted according to the full project. The plan is such that part of it can now be carried out in the erection of an imposing and symmetrical edifice to which, fifty or 1100 years hence, additions may be made as needed, until the full plan is realized. Probably four years must elapse before any part of the building can be ready for oocu pancy. Until then the library must get on as best it can in its present strait and in its overcrowded rooms. "The new building will be characterized by stability as well as architectural beauty. The exterior will be of white granite, the interior of marble and iron. So far as the building is concerned it will be abso. Intely fireproof, h~ving nothing in its con strution that can burn. ()Only its eontents can be combustible, and ordinary care will nasure their preservatioun. We can hardly imagine that a IBritieb fleeL will anain sail Iup) the Potomac, as one did in 1814, and repeat the destruction that marked that calamitonus visitation. The burning of the teritol by the "red coats" destroyed the library, which then. contained 3,()10 vol umee. Congress at once set about the work of restorntion. In 1816 it purchased for 213,000 the private library of Thomans lJef ftreon, which contained ;,700 volumes. In 1851 there was a dinaetronu firo in the library which destroyed :11,000 of the 5t,000 volumes It then had. It require large ap proiriations to restore the lose. "During the sessions of congress the li I rary is often visited by senators and memn bohere of the house ia quest of facts and authority upon topls in which, for the time, they are partieularly interested. At any hour of the day you may see scores of men and women, of all ages, citizens of Washington and strungers, sitting at the tables readilng or oonnulting books of reference. No loud taking is pso mitted, and the stulent mayv pursue his ro anserhes unvexed. The library Is a mgont, growing andu valuable adjuuct to the,gov orninent, bilt It Is scarcely a thing to be roud of in its present state of unavoidn ble chaos. When housed lf Its new build ing it will be an honor to the lation." I)AVID WminseaoPu, Copyrllllht. Elecltrl Ititters. This remedy is beooming so well known and so popular as to need to spetial men tion. All who have used Electrio Bitters sing the same song of praise. A puirer medicine does not exist and ittsguaranteed to do all that is claimed. Electrio Bitters will cure all diseases of the liver and kid neys, will remove pimples, boils, salt rhomn and other affections caused by impure blood, will drive malaria from the system and prevent te well as cure all malarial levers. For cure of lnadache, constipation and indigestion try Elect it Bitters. En tire satisfaction guaranteed, or money re funded. Price, 50 cents and $1 per bottle at It. S. Hale & Co's. drug store. iExcursioia aloes Io (slifrorala. On the 15th of each month the Northern P'neilc railroad will sell round trip tickets to California foints as follows: Helena to San Francisco and return, go ing via Portland and returning same way, $75. ''o San Francisco, going via Portland and returning via Ogden and Silver Bow, $0o. To Los Angeles, going -and returning via Portland, entering San Francisco in one direction either uoing or returning, $89. To Los Angeles, going via Portland and San Francisco and returning same route, $958. To Los Angeles, going via Portland and San Francisco and returning via Sacra mento and Ogden, $99.50.. Tickets will be limited for sixty days for going pssage, with ieturn at any time within the final limit of six months. A. D. EDOaui, Gen. AgKtL.siPitna. Mont. CirAe, S. F~iE, G. P. & T. A., Ht.-Paul, Minn. COMING TO HELENA. OR. LIEBIG & CO,, **AT THE** New Merchants Hotel, March 1, 2, 3 and 4. AT BOULDER, March 5 and 6. AT PETERSON HOUSE, MARYS VILLE, Feb. 29 and March 12 and 13. AT MISSOULA, March 14 and 15. AT PHILIPSBURG, Kaiser House, March 16 and 17. AT ANACONDA, Commercial Ho tel, March 18. DR. A. C. STODDART, The oldest and most successful San Francisco Specialist, and no*r President of the Liebig World Dis pensary of Kansas City, Mo., San Francisco, Cal., and Butte City, Montana, will be at the NEW MEIIR1lANI'S HOTEL, RELEN, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, March 1, 2, 3 and 4. On account of enormous increase of practice can only stay at Helena four days-,March 1, 2, 3 and 4. All persons desiring to meet and consult, free, with the greatest Special-SLrgeon and Physician of our greatest cities, right here at Helena, should take advantage of this opportunity. No charge for remedies this trip, the object being to secure the rec ommendatian of all cured. Permanent Montana Offices: 8 EAST BROADWAY, BUTTE CITY, CALL OR WRITE. Recently the following Notice appeared In the San Francisco 'hronicle. "Judge 5- had been sick only about two weeks, and it \as not until the list three.or tour days that the malady took a serious turn. At the beginning of his illness lie suffered frost diabetes and stomnac disorder. Later the kidneys refused to peribtrm their fiurctions and he passed quietly away. Tihus ended the life of one of the most prominentt men in Cali fornia." Like tlhousanlds of others his un timely death was the result of neglecting early symptoms of kidney disease. - IF YOU . are trolllled with diabetes, grlavel, or asAy de rangemcnt ofthte kidineys ru" uriinaryorgans, dour't delay proper treatment until you are forced to g'ive ip your daily dluties do, ' waste your money ont worthless linioments anud worse plasters, but strike at the seat of tile disease at Ollre by 1SiIIu the greatest of all kntown remedies, tire cellirated Oregfon Kid lev Toa. It has savcet the lives ofthousands. W/y should it n1ot cure yoau? Try it. Prr'ely vegetable and pleasant to take. $1.00 a pack age, 6 for $5.00. 8UIMMONS-IN THEf DISTRICT COUIIT OF the Pirot judicinl districtof thle slate of Mon tnuai in and for the county or Lewis and Clarki. Lilly .'itcher, plaintiff, ye. Thomas A. Pitcher. defendant. 'I lie tate of Mlontana sends greeting to the above-named defetnoant: You are hereby required to appear in an action broalght against. ou by the abievo-named jIlaiu tifl in the duntrirt rourt, of tihe irol judioial distrisit of the stato of Montana, in and for the ollnly of Lewis and Startl:., and to answer thit comvplaint tiled therein. wit!hin tan days (.xelu-i aiv of tlhe day of servic a fter the service on you of tiast iumuone. if served within this roulu or, if served oiut of this otilLy, hbut witihtin tls district. withiu twenty (huy-: asotorwiei s witlln forty days. or jugtiernt iy default will bo tak*n raetuaiyou, according to tihe prayer of osid om-l Ilaint. iThe aid action ih broulght tho otintl a id toere of this court. dicsulviln the bondl of matrimont.y now existing bolweou said lIsinlift arnd defend ant, uponu the Frouttider rot foiith in thei ctomnlat It ln lls in tis action, tllol for generel rolietf. P'laintiff allgas iu lhr snid tlluplanitl an grollai ftor colh diver., lihat, Iela ., itle day It July. A. i.1.sent, thle Dle.udantl willfullty ;&m witaliyg cause dutLertld aind t tvtiladoiioil tlie ltuan tilt aui alventul indmslf iTroil plaintitt' againit, her will aud wvi omnt Ihi rconfiet, And ildearltl fIroeum thie amtst of Mo'ntaa witthott ntoltiii Iof llruintg tl neretio. Andt you ai ires y tt ite. lia tat If you frail to appea.r' a- alni swule thlhsid siotitolUptl. ait almvie requinrud, tie timid plaint ill will apply to theivtitr! for tie rolief duIomiudvv d in iher said vonlltldiult (liven un vtitt' Il.l-vldl nlhi tl .foil u e tl lh ii itrict court of tlbe Firsi idloial ditriut oif the stati if 'lutans. in and for the county of Ieowis aint ('larke. Ithis 5th tiy of anl-nary, in thieyar srf our Lord. oneo tilonsail eighilt Ilulndre ud soillfn vy two. ISLAI,. I Ottlitt HIbAN, Clerk. Ry1- Jt d. ('ASt R De)iputy (:lerk. bterlingul Mutllet ahttolnuio for ulaintilff. Prcieglt and T'ralslr Lille Ili I':,:s I: MON'TANA,.\ All kindtl of Inmerutaudlee alid itulitr frigtlu., Inludltlig ila ces., Itruottly transfarred from thel dolýet.. urnt-rle will reIvuleo pr.i'uiit ateittlotu O)ihe at J. ki'eldbar's Ltore and at Lke detot PACrIOC R.R. THE GREAT TRANSCONTINENTAL ROUTE, l'aeOes tlrnouth Wlnconain. Mlrinneota, North Dra. kotu, Menltoll. Montana. Idaho, Oreguo amnt Washington. THE DINING CAR LINE. Dininng Cars are rlun bItween (liloiio, lt. Paul, Minneaolln, W'ili poeg, H loeua, SutLJ. 'acomna Nolatle and I.'ortlalrl. PULLMAN 8LEEPING CAR ROUTE. Iullhian ,trvlou daily bIctween Chicago, Mt. Paul, Monlana. and tihe, a:ifil liorthwest; and bhtwenu lt. )'anl. Mlnnea,,lie anld Mini feotat, North Dakota and Manitoba point., THE POPULAR LINE. Daily Express Trains carry elegant Pollman leepiongl'ars, I)ning l'an Daay ta,uc:he, lull. mnio TouIrbt looJeord and ,Proe Colonlist Sleep. lug Cara. YELLOWSTONE PARK ROUTE The Northern Pacific i. R. Is the rail line to Yellowstone Park; the poIJoPlar line to t'alifor ila and Alaska; and its trains panse through the grandeet scenery of seoven tates. THROUGH TICKETS. Ara rold at all coupon nifices of the Northern Pacific Iailroad to points North, nast. Month and Weal, in the United States and Canada. TIME CHIED)ULE. In effect on and after January 20, 1892. TRAINH ARRIVE AT HELENA. No. 1. Pacific Mail. west ound ........ 4:30 p. mn No.4. Atlantic mail. east hound... .... 12:25 p min No. 11, Missoula, Butte and Wallace rx prs.... .................. ...10:00 p., m No. x, Marysville passenger. ............11:20 a. m No. 10. Marysville accommodation..... 6:15 p. m No. 102 timini mixed, Mondays, Wed edays and Lfrida................. 5:00 . No. 7, Wickes, Boulder and Elkiorn ptasenuer.............................. 7:00 p. min r'eIAIN r DEPART PROM H ELnXA. No. I, Pacitie Mail. west bound ........ 4:45 p. m No. 4, Ailantic Mail. east bound........12:40 p. m No. 5, Missoula, Butte and Wallace Ex pres .................................. 7:10a m No. 7. Marvysville passenger ............. 7:45 a. No. 1I, Marysville accommodation....... 3:00 p. mn No. t11, Iimini nmixed, Mondays, Wed nesdaye and Fridas ................. 8:15 a. m No. 8, Wickes, Boulder and Elkhorn Passenger ............................. 7:5 a. m For Iates, Maps, Time Tables or Special Information apply to Chas. . Fee, General PIlsenger a nd Ticket Agent, St. Paul, IllInn., or A.. D. "ED= A-.ZLR , General Agent of the Northern Pacific R. R., at HELENA. HONT. TIME TABLE TO CHICAGO. -THE NORTHWESTERN LINE, (C., ST. P., M. & O. RY.) This is the only line making connection at St. Paul with the tireat Northern Railway every day in the week for Chicaga;. Through time is a follows: Leave Butte, via Great Northern...... 7:30 a m Leave iHe eoa, via Great Northern..... 11:10 a in m Leave tireat. alls, via Great Northern 2:55 p m Arrive at Minot....................... 19:50 a m Arrive at '-rand Forks................. 0 pn m Arrive at St. Paul ....................... :55 a m Leave Butte, via NorthernPacific..... 7;00 p m Leave Helena. via Northern Pacific.... 7:35 p m Leave Bozeman, via Northern Pacific 11:40 p m Arrive at St. Pan....................... 5:50 pm Via "The Northwestern Line": Leave St. Paul............... 7:50 a m 6:O50 p min Arrive at Milwaukee......... 7:55p min 7:25 a m Arrive at Chicago............ m 3 0:30 pm :00 a m Securo your tickets over "The Northwestern Line." it is the short line both in time and distance to Chicago. T. W. TEASDALE, General Passenggr Agent. St. iPau EW SIOUX CITY ROUTE EAST. Passengers for the East from Helena and other western points will find the NEW ROUTE via SIOUX CITY and the ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R. not only desirable as to time and equipment, but one of the most attractive, passing through Sioux City, the only Corn Palace City of the world; Dubuque, the handsome Kt0r City of Iowa; Rockford, Illinois, a new manufac turing city, that has become a "world within itself," and Chicago. whose growth and enterprise is the wonder of the world. With elegant free Chair Cars, and Pull man Palace Sleeping Cars on every trairi between Sioux City and Chi cago, and with a close connection with the Union Pacific trains at Sioux City, the Illinois Central R. R. respectfully presents its claims for the new and every way desirable SIOUX CITY ROUTE. For folders and further particu lars call upon local ticket agent, or address the undersigned at MIanchester, Iowa. J. F. MERRY, Asst. General Passenger Agent. 8ýRI11ON8.-IN THE DIST'L'RICT COURTOb the .irst, judicial district of the state of Intto na. in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. tSocond National Bank of Helena. Montana. plaintiff, vs. James W. Conley. Catherine Con leay. 1orge F. Woolston and Mary 1. Wouolaton, defendants. I'ho state of Montana sends greeting to the above named defendants: aon are hereby required to appear in an action brotught egainst you by the above named ptaon titl iu tihodiatricn court of the 'irst judicial die triot of the state of Mtontana, in and for the county of Lewis and (t'lare, anti to answer the amendedl complaint ltied therein, within ten dysn texcltsive of tl.e day of service) after the crtvice on yon of thi suminous, if served within this oeulrt,; or. if served out of this county, but in this district, withini twenty daya: othorwise witlhin fotrlpdaye. or juidgmnot by default will be taken a ,intl you, according to the prayer of saidt complaxint. Thl eaid action ie brought to recover a judg meitt, in favor of the plaintiff and agatant the dtnfiantaul. James 1Y. t'unluy. ftr thie sum of "2S 341. with iliternet thereon at tlhe rate of 1o per cent per annum from the 24th day or April, l1114, spoln two certain cpromnliaory notes which were ntadei exvouteid aind delivered by the do ftldant, a attLes . tonley, to one it'ha. Gab i.hl fotr tie sum of $t ll.ii. cacti dated at. Hel ena. Montana. .ipril 2. 1, 88. anti bearing inter net at the rate of 10 aor cent per anuum: ond of wnit, acid notoe Is pajabla tisittee rtiithe frtnm thi date thereof, andi the other twelve uouuthe from the date thereof, whicth said notoe wotre stlitt uonlltly ansiuue,l, transferred yVel, tntd delivnered to tits pltitiuiff who is now tie legal ownrl anti holder of the csmc; also to rfe rotar a judgumnt in fiavor of the plaintifl and egaintil thle doendtidatt forcrlosing a certain Im lituage dated the 24th1 day of April, 1888. madte, exetltied aMi delivered bly ,laite W. tonley atid tatlterite ('onloy to t Sam. Gahisich, to so ure thi ltlayme.nt of the cald two notes of S,1t.ti eatic, which eaid tortusage wsa recorded tin tlo 5it 53 of the county clerk anti roctirder of It.wis and t (lrke coUItty, Montana. April 2$t. 1st8, In bhiok of mortgages, palge 1:. For It.e dicttitiloun of propert.ry in l tokitgag te refrosie is mund to thet comlnainl il saidt act iot. Antl tou are helebt\ totilio.t that if ,ou fail to appear and en-w, r the saul conlmplaint, as aboee rt kiired, theo aidplaintif will entr your dulfault, take ttdgnutunt agayintt l .Ian t'e. t'uouly for thi um n oIf $2104. with inlerest Lat 0 pet' ceot per ottlllintl froIt Alpril 4. 188e anti for ttrVls of wit. And will apply nto the court for thu relief dematnded It the complainul. .ii\teu untider ity hltd atlli the stoll of thI die.s triet court of the I iret judicial district of thse ettahe of Montana, in anti for them untv of Lowis anti t'lathe. thise Stt day of Ieirsnub,wr, in the year of onr Iford one thousand eight hundred ard ninaiet- ne [orAl.. I JOlHN titAN, Clerk. thy I. It.. Teu euto.u, Deputy ('lerk. CCtiNNulaa t& 'LtAYtItrOt. ilaiatiff's Alttrneys. OUR TWENTY-SEVENTH YEAR OF CONTINUOUS BUSINESS, Glarke, Gorrad & Gurtir, - THE LEADING DEALERS IN STOVES AND RANGES. -We offeor a very complete line of all kinds of HEATING AND COOtINO cRN AY STOVES, R SAN"es For either Wood or Coal and at SPt; .r prices that will astonish every. 'AORLD body. Come and see us. OJer one ' I. I IILUoN AGENCY FOR - Golden Sunshine Steel Ralnes, i ,i Acorn Line of Heaters and Cooks, • SUPERIOR STOVES AND RANGES. 42 and 44 South Main Street. Telephone 90. CALIFORNIA FRUIT FARM A Home That Cannot be Duplicated lin California. THE THOMAS CREEK IRRIGATION & IMPROVEMENT CO. For the first time to-day place their lands before the public. They are situated in the heart of the beautiful Sacramento Valley, the finest location in the State of California, the natural home of thy vine, fruit and nuts. No finer oranges are grown in the state than with us. It is absolutely healthy. Our lands are all first-class dark sediment land, all under a high state of cultivation, and. under an irrigation ditch. Upon these lands we can show you the largest fig tree in the United States, nearly four feet through, and this last year raised over three tons of figs. The title is United States patent. For a limited time we make the followving phenomenal offer: 5 ACRES $200, PAYABLE $2.50 A WEEK. 10 ACRES $400, PAYABLE $5.00 A WEEK. 20 ACRES $800, PAYABLE $10.00 A WEEK. 40 ACRES $1600, PAYABLE $20.00 A WEEK. No payment required down, no interest, and no taxes on deferred payments; or will sell one-third cash and balance in one and two years at 8 per cent. on deferred payments, if desired. Immediate pos session given. In case purchasers desire, we will put it into any kind of fruits or vines desired and care for it until in full bearing at actual cost. Call or send immediately for maps and full information. Western Land Go., 630 MARKET STREET, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Or A. J. HAMMANS, RED BLUFF, GAL. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . BULLETIN -OF THE Wholesale Liquor House of I. L, Israel & Co. For the Month of February. POSITIVE CLOSING OUT SALE. This is no advertising dodge, but I mean business, as prices quoted below will prove. All whiskies are quoted at Eastern prices and are subject to change monthly. Now is the chance for dealers to buy strictly pure whiskies (at Distillers' prices in large quantities) and save freight. Will sell in quantities to suit, from one barrel to limit of stock. The following goods in stock: 12 bbls Old Crow, Spring '86............ $3.65 Gallon 15 " Hermitage, Spring '86........... 3.50 30 " W.H. Mcl3rayer, Spring '87...... 3.25 " 48 " Bond & Lillard, Spring '87....... 3.0o " 25 " James E. Pepper, Spring '87...... 3.25 " 20 " W. H. McBrayer, Fall 'S8........ 2.75 " 8 " Tea Kettle, Spring '83........... 4.00oo Ib " Nelson, Spring 'So.............. 4.50 , 5 " Monarch, Spring 'So........... 6.0o "' 5 " Gukenheimer Rye, Spring '87.... 3.75 5 '" Clifton Spring, Spring '89........ 1.90o , 20 " Anderson, Spring '9o.......... . 2.00o Free Bonded Warehouse, Lawrencebu'rg, Kentucky, 50 bbls. W. II. McBrayer, Fall 'SS........ $2.4o Gallon Will sell only in 5-bbl lots. Delivered with U. S. gauger cer tificate, free of all charges, in Lawrenceburg, Ky. U, S. Bonded Warehouse, Lawrenceburg, Kentucky, Will sell only in 5-bbl. lots: 25 bbls James E. Pepper, Spring 'g1...... Soc Gallon zoo " W. II. Mclirayer, Fall 'go...... 90c " 50 " Bond & Lillard, Spring 'go....... 8oc " 45 l Mellwood, Spring '9go............ 75c , LARGE ASSORTMENT OF CASE GOODS, Consisting :f Whiskio., Brandies, Gins, Wines, and all Cordials. Porter, Alo, tc., being the best brands of Imported Goods in the market, at "pecially low prices. A LARGE STOCK OF CIGARS. W ill be sold at. Factory Prices. An additional discount of live per cent. FAl11 I IES CAN FIND THE FINEST IIQUORS in the city by the bottle or gallon, at very low prices. Orders by Tole. ,honne promptly attended to. Telephone No. 122. I. L. ISRAEL & G . I No. A I