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Esmtltapossat the rlik of smbeorlber unlaes made by r.iteeaed letterk,heck. or postal or eax prias order, a0y1al to The Independent Pub `lhig domurey. lgi"Persas destripr the INDn1Z>aI served at thlir:hoinea or place of baluttaimaa o.rdr by postal card or through telephone No.' 10. Pleas report cases ef irreglar delivery promptly. Advertiisments, to insure prompt insertioa, ohold bhe handed is lbeore 8 p. m. Mlteted communicatipn not returnable an loss postage is enaoloed. TERMS OF 5UIrSWRIPTION. BY MAIL. Dolly ineludians Sunday] per year ......... $0 00 Daily [lncluding Sunday] six months...... 00 Daily (including SuadayJ three months.,.. 2 50 Daily l[exoltding Senday per year......... 00 Dally olclding Sudayl] 8er month...... 75 Sauday only lin advancel per year......... 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year........ 200 sOily by carrier, per week, I[even iusuel.. " 5 HELENA, MONT, MARCH 12,1892. W-.Montanianm abroad will always mnd Thn DAILY 1DPaerr nNT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Mletropolitan. New York: West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, Ban Francisco; McDermott, Butte: I.land Hotel. Boringleld, Ill. THE TVEATHEIt. Reported for THax INDEPENDENT daily by E. J. Class, United States observer. 6:0 a. m. 6:00&. m. Barometer.................. 250 9 0 ,9,37 T mperature................ 49.0 62.0 Wind.......... ........ nw-- P ow--lO Minimum temperature. 40.7. Maximum teomperatnure. 67.0. Forecast: k air; slight changen in tnmpera tore. HsI.ONA* Mont., March 11, 1819. THa only explanation for the low price of bar silver is the general belief that the president will veto the Bland bill. A DELIGHT'FUI drive will be along the Grand boulevard to the new military post. It should We ready for travel by June, 1893. THE name of the republican candidate for mayor in Seattle was Leary and he was feeling that way after the returns Tuesday evening. GN. ALiR.'.3 insistence that he is still a candidate is not surprising. The New York Sun's wpposition is sufficient encouragement for any aspirant. OFFICES in the new government build ing in Helena will be occupied by dem ocrats, though it is decidedly uncertain who will have the appointing power. A MAN who will "open a political meeting with a corkscrew and close it with prayer," fills all the requirements in the Journal's node of republicanism. THE democrats in Seattle made a sweeping victory, electing every man on the ticket from the mayor down. The democrats of Helena must do the same. THE Now Jersey senate has officially endorsed the movement to close the World's fair on Sunday. Coming from New Jersey this must be regarded as a joke. APPFARAINCF.S would indicate that' Russell B. Harrison and Col. Eliot F. Shepard had formed a close corporation to secure the renomination of President Harrison. THE Journal's confidence in Presi dent Harrison's renomination leads us to suggest a new cattle speculation for the prince. He should take that car load of steers bet. Ex-GOVERNOR THAYER announces that he will reopen his contest for the gubernatorial chair of Nebraska. Isn't it time the state militia were called out to suppress this man? THE delegate who asked, in the Indi ana state convention, "What has Presi dent Harrison done?" was greeted with a shower of hisses. At the same time, it was a very sensible question. IT would be unkind to say that Clark son's eulogy of Quay was prompted by selfish motives, but the near approach to the Minneapolis convention could be offered in support of that charge. IT is noticed that Lord Salisbury's ultimatum concerning the seal fisheries fails to arouse the bellicose blood of the Chilian war htowlers. John Bull and Genor Chili are quite different fellows. THE tariff debate continues f the house but before the month is over the Bland bill will ie on the programme for a three days' discussion. Then the silver-tongued orators will be heard from. PRESTDENT HARRISON se0ured the del egation from Irniana, but lost the friendship of Dudiey. When the voting time arrives the blsocks-of-five man will stand off several conventions of dele gates. MArrTF.nS have Come to a pretty pass when a Montana republican cannot de clare against Harrison without being ridiculed and roasted in the Daily liur- rison. Isn't this so, Mr. W. Gould Smith? THE Portland Orgonian is mistaken in believing that the tariff will be side tracked by silver as an issue in the coiing campaign. Both will be kept prom inently before the people until after the election. A sor.,r-ios of the air ship problem will be welcome indeod. Although Hel ena people are enjoying June weather they have been waiting; two days for the eastern mail to be pulled out of a Da kota snow bank. THE blizzard at Washington took the form of a violent wind storm and several people were blown down in the street and injured. As there is no news conl corning Senator Petfer it may be con eluded that lie remained in his apart menoots during the blow. TEI INDEPENDENT will learn with regret that Gen. Clarkson has announced that he is not a candidate for president. Better try some one else, so as to keep your hand in.-Jon: nnl. All right. We nominate Russell 13. on the platform of ancestry. AtcconmIsN; to the census the pro duction of hemp in 1889 was 11,511 tons. While there are no statistics as to the disposal it may be assumed that the greater part was used in Arkansas, Texas and other states within Judge Lynch's'juriediotion. Tax Journal defines lon. W. Gould Smith, of Ohoteau, as "the distinguished apple eater of the Piegan country." While unable to detect either the seri ousness or the jocularity of the charge, we feel assured that Mr. Smith is a man of sound sense and unusual intelligence. He may eat apples, but he is placing himself where he will not be forced to eat crow. TIEi.E is some anxiety in Uncle Jerry Rusk's department over the outbreak in Great Britain of what is known as the foot and mouth disease. As the young German emperor has recently recovered from a critical attack, it is possible that the epidemic started from h's house hold. Precautionary measures should be observed at all American seaports to prevent a spread to this country. It is a disease frequently occurring during a political campaign, but heretofore has never been tainted with the foreign im portation, if we except'the famous letter of Lord Sackville-West. GERMAAsY is filled with thousands of men asking for bread. The dispatches yesterday told of great meetings at Leipsic, at Cologne and in smaller man ufacturing towns where masses of work ing men assembled to ask relief for their starving families. While the young German emperor is not to blame for the destitution which results from natural causes it would be surprising, indeed, if these starving people did not resent his autocratic speeches and his attitude of indifference. There is no more loyal subject in all Europe than the German laborer or peasant. He believes in his king and the righteousness of his gov ernment until the last proof is offered that he is wrong; and then, like the sol dier that he is, he fights for his rights. The student of social science has, within the last month's history of Germany, found many reasons for believing that a great political reform is firmly rooted in that country. THE PRESIDENT AGAINST IT. Senator 'Teller's letter to one of his Colorado constituents defining his posi tion with refter::ce to presidential can Lidates is a timely document and con tains many good points. He refutes the charle that he opposes President Harri son's reu:omiuation for personal reasons but places his opposition on broader and higher grounds. He says: "I am opposed to Mr. Harrison because I do not agree with him on his financial policy as applied to silver. I cannot see how Colorado' republicans can consis tently support him for the nomination unless they agree with him on his policy concerning silver. If he is nominated and elected there will be no valuable silver legislation during the next fdur yeoars. lIe will not sign a free coinage bill, nor will he sign one for the coinage of the American product, and I fear he will be indifferent as to an international conference, and if we secure one, and an agreement as to the use of silver, we will still be threatened with a veto if it, does not suit his financial views." Are not these reasons quite sufficient for like opposition from Montana re nublicans who are loyal to the state? It must certainly be conceded that Senator Teller's knowledge of President Harrison's views on silver is accurate and reliable, and his colleague, Senator Wolcott, is also quite as enthusiastic and determined in his opposition to the president. Senator Teller's plan is to send an uninstructed delegation to Min. neapolis which will insist on the nomi nation of a free silver candidate and the placing of a free silver plank in the plat forml. That President Harrison is deter mined to defeat the free coinage of silver is evident from the opinions of republican leaders who are fighting for the metal. Under these circumstances we believe it will be an exceedingly diT flcult matter for even a politician of Mr. Carter's shrewdness and diplomacy to secure a Harrison delegation from this state. In the event of the president's veto of the Bland bill it ought to be next to impossible. How the "400" Originated. It is not generally known that the expres sion, "The Four Hundred," originated with Mrs. Astor, says "Cholly Knickerbocker," in the New York Recorder. It has been generally attributed to Ward McAllister, but it leally happened in this way: "How many invitations have you sent out for your reception, Mrs. Astor?" asked Ward McAllister on an oceasion that be longs to history. "About two thousand," was the prompt rejoinder. "Your parlors will be overcrowded, I fear," rema:ked the ceif-constituted dio tatr'. "Oh, no," said Mrs. Astor. "I have found that it does not matter how many invitations ace sent out, or how numerous are the acceutances, just 400 couples come, and no more." "Is it always so?" asked Mac, deeply in terested. "Always. There are only 400 of us !" This is the tune story of the origin of the term Four Hundred. Mrs. Astor coined the idea and her companion circulated it. Mc Allister told me this incident himself a few nights ago. It differs materially from the story originally given oat, and is another st;aw showing that Mac is getting sick of his fad. Sparrow liotnities in l Clicago. All through the winter the city of Chicago has beent paying a bounty to the small boy of that municipality for the scalps of the I:nglish sparrow, which had become an in tolerable nuisance. The announcement is now made that no mlore sparrow bounty will be paid until next December. In the pa.et three months, with a prize of two cents on tht- head of each bird, just 20.00 I iscalps have been submitted, making the total receipts of sparrow slayers $4100. 'The sparrow clerk reports this amoualt divided among 213 boys. Here, then, says the Chi clagao HIt old, is the summing up of the first season of ei;,ar.luw law: Two hundred and fifteen target guns, .t an average cost of $3 each, $I1 : ammunition for same, $G".i0O; doctor bills tor little girls wounded by mis take, $43ll: total expense, $1,l139.50. From which deduct $400--total receipts-and it will be seen the sparrow law is worth $739.50 to the fathers of Chicago, and not a noticeably bad thine for the sparrow. ABOUT PEOPLOSI Ring Humbert, pt Italy, l an amatsnia cook e9 no mqan skill. Thi s .arpis of Autstie'sl name ihWkq4 traveling, is that of Elisabeth Richleo.a, She once had a favorite lady's maid of that name. M. De Leseaps, of Panama canal fame, Is falling in health very rapidly, and the .4n nouncement of his early death would noti be a publie surprise. Leland Stanford is the richest man in the senate or house. but he doesn't think asb much of his wealth as Senator Pefter does of his own whiskers. Leslie Stephen, in a letter to the London 'rimes, proposes a fund to erect to the memory of James Russell Lowell a moanu moent, to be placed in Westminster abbey. Mr. Lowell was one of the most popular ministers ever sent to No court of St. James. Rev. C. S. Percival, an Episcopal chap lain at the soldiers' home in Marshalltowa, Is., is about to publish a volume of poems. He is a distant relative of James G. Perci val, the New England poet, who died in Wisconsin some years ago, and has written much verse of a high order, George R. Sims, the poet and dramatist, is credited with a remarkable perfot manes in verse making. He took his seat at his desk an hour and a half before his paper was to go to press and produced a column and a half of rhyming theatrical criticism without delaying the issue of the paper a, minute. Dr. Dawson Burn, the English physician who annually promulgates a letter on drink consumption in Great Britain, says the yearly expenditure per head of that pope. lation, counting children, is 70 shillings, and that figures show a growth in the drink habit, but at a slower rate than form orly. The late Mr. Spurgeon used frequently to visit Monaco, but he refrained from enter ing the beautiful gardens attached to the gambling hell there, not because he feared he should arouse any scandal thereby, but for the reason that he thought his presence would set a bad example. And though he did not attend the theater he advised young men to go if they felt like going. Sarah Bernhardt is thus severply criti cised by Tourgenieff, the great Russian novelist: ".he is gifted by nature with a beautiful voice, and has studied at a good school, but she is without real feeling and without the artistic temperament. Her walk is like that of a hen; she is a mimic; the motions she makes with her hands, I must confess, are piquant, but her whole acting is redolent of the boulevard." Gen. O. O. Howard is preparing to write a life of President Zachary Taylor, and has been at work for nearly a year gathering material therefor. Recently he was in Louisville, where he went to consult Gen. Thomas Taylor regarding the disputed date of "Old Rougnh and Ready's" marriage. He found the court record fixing the date of the ceremony June 10. 1810, and found also the log house on the bank of Harrod's creek, where the ceremony was performed. Chairman Springer's Workshop. Chairman Springer, whose illness has given his friends so much alarm, is one of the hardest working men in congress, writes Frank Carpenter in the New York World. It has been his custom to rise at seven o'clock in the morning, and after a light breakfast, to work in his library three or four hours before the meeting of the house. Throughout the season ha is actively employed either on the floor or in the committee room, and after the adjourn ment he goes home and maps out his even ing's task. His library is the workshop of a practical man. It is a large room on the second floor of his unpretentious residence, at 43 B street, directly opposite the Capital park, and it is finishes in simple taste, but with an eye to comfort. A desk al most as large as a committee room table occupies the middle of the room and is flanked by smaller tables loaded down with documents of all sorts, rolls of man uscripts and piles of personal letters. On the shelves that line the walls are thousands of valuable reports upon indus trial and economical topics published by the United States and foreien governments, and in one large case is a complete file of the Congressional Record, which frequently enables Mr. Springer to rake up forgotten utterances of incautious members who may attack him on the floor. Mr. Springer has nearly every tariff publication issued from the American press and 'his collection of statistics, both American and European, is declared by experts to be one of the most valuable in the country. With all his work he manages to find time to take excellent care of his big con stituency, a task which has been somewhat simplified of late owing to the additional prestige which he enjoys as chairman of the ways and means committee. Next to the speaker he is the most influential man in the house, and as such is rarely denied a reasonable request of any sort. Shel Stole to Pay Debts. It has transpired in London that Mrs. Osborne stole her friend's $2,500 jewals because she was heavily in debt to various dressmakers, modiates and lingeres, who threatened to begin legal proceedings against her. A lawsuit in her eyes involved irremediable disgrace. On the impulse of the moment, and blind to the logical and inevitable consequences of the crime, she stole Mrs. Hargreaves' pearls while staying at her friend's country houne and then raised on thorn a aum of money, which she forthwith paid in part to her lingere. She was not a poor girl, for she had an allow ance of some $3,000 or $4,000 a year pin money. But in her purchases of articles de toilette she, like most other women, es pecially In Europe, where larger and longer credits and given by trades people than here, ordered and bought things without an instant's thought of that dread settling day.-New York Press. .o Will Trscot. SAN ANroNJo, Tex., MarOch l.-A United States marshal has arrived here., with eight prisoners, Mexicans, arreAted' on corn plaint of Capt. Hourke,''ho oharle them with violation of the I nitoiO Stat('t nou trality laws. The marshal asserts that nearly all of the principal followers of (arza. including the leader himself, will I probably be under arrest within the next few days. 'rTle Trust to )lisaxlves, NeIw YoUK, March 11.--. '1'. (I. Dodd, solicitor for the Standard Oil coinilny, stated this afteonoon that it was the inten I lion of the concern to dissolve at the uom ing meeting and not to reorganize in any way. The stock hold by trustees will be returned to various comnpalius and the affairs of the trust wound uo,. IEarly 'Thursda.y mIl:ning, two west bound freight traine ctlliited near Acton, Ind. lThe engine of thle rear train was wrecked and Conductor McGill and Br.keman Myers instantly killedl. Iloys will b lry th eir elarblrs sri 'TiI leo lilve, wher~ it full a ivtr teur rtellit .al l uan .lu ul. tio ti'lro h Ilulllve for bird 'ea5su. ull linue just reeciueki QBOMB TaHIOWERWS MTwM3. One of whom Wae ttmeeti-V*5'Iit of the Voraeer's , err, S.Nw Yont, Maroh L-- be conoaoner to. day began an inveltigation into the ause of death of Norton and Norororethe men killed in the dynamite explodon inR lisell age's office Dec. 4 last. The only taett mony of interest was that of War. 1. Laid low, who claims that Sage placed him be tween the bomb thrower and himself. Laidlow was most seriously injured a.d wounded, and isanow dinR Sage for a heavy amount of damages tor placing hbn in ewn1 danger. Russell Sge was next on tha stand. He contradicted Latidiow'a staIte meat that he grasped his hand at the time of the explosion. Laidlow, he said, was at the other end of the long table, against whioh he was leaning, and the door was be tween them. The jury brought in a verdict that Henry L. Noroioss came to his death by the explosion of combustile dropped by himself, and also finding that enjamin Norton came to his death at the same time, and place, by the same explosion. The jury recommended that the legllelature pass a law immediately. making it an offense pun ishable by imprisonment, for any person to carry an object whatsoever capable destroy ing life and property without proper au thority. World's Fair Matters. CmoAno, March 1l.-The invitation to the World's fair board of control' and the director general to hold a meeting of the boand at San Francisco at an early date, to-day, for reasons of impracticability, was declined. Miss Wait, of San Francisco. has undertaken the furnishing of the south room, adjoining the main reception room, of the Woman's building. The entire room will be furnished in the famous California redwood. The redwood lumbermen of San Francisco will contribute the finishing of the room. Miss Wait also otfers columns of pure tine white marble, and a single col umn gracefully curved of California's translucent onyx. West Virginia 'lumber dealers, throug.h Miss Jackson, lady man ager, have agreed to finish the opposite room facing California's. The donors pre fer to combine all their native woods rather than only one variety; Mrs. S. 8. Thackel ton, honorary presidant of the' California, Salt Lake City and Manhattan Ceramic clubs, is being warmly urged for the office of curator of the China painting depart ment of the exposition. Perspicacity Wanting. iATunvaM, Idaho, March 11.-In the su perior court of Idaho a motion was made to-day by Attorney Knight, of Spokane, to set aside the following verdict because of its ambiguity: State of Idaho vs. Frank F. Williams. We the gury having found the defendant guilty of conducting a crap without a license contrary to law, five for guilty, one for not guilty. JUar. Evidence in Justification. DunrUQUE, Iowa, March 11,-Letters re ceived from Lieut. Hetherington confirm the published accounts of the killing of Robinson, and say Hetherington has ample proof of justification of the shooting. It is alleged that there is evidence that Robin son had arranged an elopement with Mrs. Hetherington. 1 1 you will always have light spongy DIAMOND FLOUR O - THE ODES A Holiday Suggestion. And a very valuable suggestion it is for you, too, for by following it you will always have light spongy bread. The DIAMOND FLOUR Is made only from the very best of Hard Wheat and there is no better in t .e world Ask your grocer for it. THE CODES. Political, Penal, Civil, Civil Procedure Complete Sets For Sale at This Ollice. $10 PER SET. C. B. LEBKIUIER, Second Floor, Herald Building, B LANK To BOOKS FATILY RULED AND PRINTED. RANCH OF 2000 ACRES Well impuroved and ibrorenlaily irrl gated, on fin. range. iA U RtE;AT I3AUGA.IG N. W. E. Cox, Gold Block. ... .,...HAS PROVIN TO #E. The oChea1est SMost Durable IRRfGATIION PHMIP 1n the market, Givo it a trial. ft i* nso xiatabnen. ae pumps pug In nda lpe gwntfee. THE NEW PULSOMETER Tia double acting pump wtlthoU, pY sechnial am eliances to absorb power, orca t nt o oar. All work Inr pats are interchangeable anti can be replaced when W rn, wIthout skilled labor or nmohinc sbop. It is automttio in itt operation. No machinery or eginms reayUired to rtI Ite ouly a'stesms pipe from bolu t to pomp The pressure of team forces .b wet abse tie ump, dio to the pieceure in the olier. 'Lise es- . tionis obalned withot tith exp.hs of steam by means Write for eirOula, frioe lits of vaouum formed by tie condenatlon oft att ea reo c tr e sl i alet ater it bas boen utilized to elevate the water albovethe und tetllmonials to Bdm, A. I. Holter Hardware Company, Helena, Mont., Dealers In Hardware, 'oeels, lhttahlery, Englnes, Bolters, Puimpe tsad Mining fuppiles. Capital paid in $S,Ob,O00.d. Assets over $23,000,00o For absolute security and for prompt payment of losses insure with THE GUARDIAN ASSURANCE CO.: OF LONDON. L. P. IAGROIXK AEGENT, IE2JE3N. MONTANA. Furriture and Carpets. Shades, Lace ffice AND AND Chenille Curtain, School Furniture., J. R. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114, Broadway, Helena. Helena Eumber Company AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED GALT COAL e--ALSO DEALERS IN----e Rough and Finishing Lumber, Shingles, Laths, Doors, Sash and Lumber, Telephone 14. City Offices Room 8, Thompson Bleak, Main Street~ Opposite Grand Central HoteL WALL PAPER This space is reseraed for 0. J. Holmes, vWho vWill open the most complete DecoratiVe establish ment .in the West at 26 North Jvlain Street, in a fevc days. ROOM MOULDING. WINDOW SHADES.