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Bemittances at the risk of subscriber onless made by registered letter, check, or postal or ex press order, payable to The Independent Pub oshing Company. 1S'Porseas desiring the .JNDPErDn NT served at their homes or place of business can order by postal card or through telephone No. 190. Plea.. report cshs of irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insure prompt insertion, should he handed in before 8 p. m. Rejected communications not returnable un less postage is enclesed. TERMS OF SuBSCRIPTION. nY MAI.. Daily [incledin. Sunday] per year..........1 10 00 Daily lincluding ilunday] six months...... 5 to Daily [including Sunday1 three months.... 2 50 Daily [excluding Sunday] per year......... 9 t ]aily [excluding Sunday] per month...... 5. Sunday only [in advancel per year..... ? 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year....... N9 tl Daily by carrier, per week. seaoven isues],. 5 HELENA, MONT, MARCH 13, 1892. P"'Montanians abroad will always find Tox DAILY IN.rtsrrtEtrNT on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avonue and Metropolitan. New York: West. Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, San Francisco; McDermott. Butte; Leland Hotel, Springfield. 111. THE WEATHER. Reported for Tes INDEPExDENT daily by B. J. Glass, United States observer. 6:00 a. m.. 6:00 . m. Barometer............ 0.0 . ~10.63 Temrneratur ................ 4a.0 0 I4 Minimum temperature, 43.0. Maximum temperature. 81. l. Forecast: Fair; olightly cooler. HII.CNA. Mont.. March 12, 18.9. POPE LEO SPEAKS. "Archbishop Ireland and His Calum niators." There stands the caption of a recent article published in the Moni teur di Roma, the oflioial, organ of the vatican. A more noteworthy document than this, it is safe to say, cannot be I found in the archives of the pontificate, pregnant as they are with expressions of opinion that have shaped the course of the world's history both temporal and spiritual. For Americans especially, its interest is supreme. Not only is the article, as its title infers, a stalwart and whole-hearted defense of the broad minded ecclesiastic from St. Paul, but it is a free expression of the papal policy towards the republic of the United States. The archbishop entered Rome, preceded and attended by a very cloud of accusing letters, anonymous and otherwise. He was a dangerous man, a man to whom the vital interests of the church in the great and growing north west could not safely be entrusted. His liberal views on the subjectof educaticn were notorious. His progressive ten dencies he did not even attempt to con ceal, anud his admiration for the free and enlightened institutions of this country were natters of common report. His opponents have their answer, and an answer inspired by Leo himself. The Monitour and the vatican roundly assert their adoption of the archbishop's views. "The ideal of this distinguished man has been to extend the influence of the church by taking advantage of the condition of the times, to follow Catholic traditions without fearing changes in form and situations, and to adapt the undying vitality of the Catholic faith to newly developed needs, to place religion above political parties, to unite instead of dividing, and to imbue the young American republic with Christian thought, as Pope Leo sought to imbue the republic of France. Archbishop Ireland belongs with his whole soul to the school of Pope Leo." A striking declaration, indeed. If the Catholic church has become, in matters political and educational, a very at tenuated shadow of its former self, the result is directly due to a continued policy, the very antipodes of that enun ciated in the archbishop's defense. The men who had dreamed to find in the present occupant of the papal chair the shadow of mediamval popes and in his words the ghostly echo of by-gone pre judices and retrogresions have found out their mistake. Enlightenment and broad judgment, a spirit of progress and intellectuality are stamped upon every word of the papal pronouncement. I'ope and archbishop are worthy to work to gether in offering to progress a glorious olive branch. (IGAR IETTE PIFFS. So far as our present knowledge goes, we have no reason to suspect that any motivn.a nthemr than t:hnAn n lannlal motives, other than those of a laudable tc nature, actuated the originators of a bill ti recently introduced by request in the p house of representatives and designed '1 to tax the cigarette out of existence. r' Laudable motives, of course, we mean from the promoters' point of view. At r first sight, we may as well confess, it looks otherwise, but appearances are proverbially deceptive. To the casual s observer, a first glance at the bill might j suggest the idea that it was a deep and I deadly conspiracy to grind cigarette manufacturers from the face of the c American earth., The dude might pro test that this latest attempt at paternal ism in government was destined to goad him to some other visible and outward t sign of his special infirmity. The bill is c hard upon the dude. There is no doubt I of it. Men are allowed to indulge in all manner of outward symbols of their sympathles and antipathies, and no one has a word of oppo sition to advance. They wear cam paign buttons, they don brilliant uni forms, and patriotism or some other t name throws its mantle over all. The dude has only his cigarette. It is the sign labial of hin craft, the one token of the allegiance he has sworn to mental vacuity and indolence. Must he and it be sacrificed to the whims of boarding house ladies, who object to the abiding nature of the cigarette's fragrance in their window curtains? But, when we read in the preamble of the bill that over two hundred cigarette smokers in this country alone have either died or gone mad within the year, all necessity for surmise and room for conjecture are gone. We know exactly where we stand. It is the old mistake of reasoning from insufficient proemises. The Scotchman who, in a fit of temper, dismissed an old retainer from service, because he had become an insupportable meddler in his master's affairs, was caught in the same trap. "If you don't know when you have a good servant, I know when I have a good master," and the servant remained. The particular assertion is probably true enough. Its veracity we have no reason and no desire to question. But the fact remains that we know either too much or too little. Two hundred "cigarottists" dead within a year? Very good, or very bad. It all depends on the point of view. But there are some scores of questions we should lhke to have answered in this connection. How many amateur performers on the cornet have gone to their last account within the same time? The conundrum is per feotly legitimate and analogous. The victims of the bill smoked cigarettes and died. The viotims of the cornet played that instrument and died. How many listeners, willing or unwilling, to the cornet tiends have passed away? HIow many men with red hair have joined the great majority in the last year? Hlow nmany that wear a monocle, their hair parted in the middle, and number six shoes? How many admirers of Benja min Ilarrison? How many frequenters of the Broadwater plunge? How nmany pillars of the Y. M. C. A.? How many women that are chaperoned by a pug dog with a string attachment? How many maidens who paint china? How many-but that's enough. Surely it is perfectly plain that any statement, such as the one we have quoted from the bill's preamble, is almost utterly valueless, when deprived of the possi bility of comparison. It is simply, an isolated assertion, good for its face value and nothing more. Certainly it is pos sible to rear a whole giddy mountain of inferences upon the foundation of one lonely, little fact, but architectural im agination of this kind does not lend sta bility and substance to the creation. It may be incidentally true that the two hundred feeble-minded ones, whose dirge has been sung, were smokers of cigarettes. A. woman wont to church and died immediately afterwards. Which was cause and which was result? Was either which or was which either? I)id these other poor creatures become insane because they smoked cigarettes, or did they smoke cigarettes because they were insane to begin with? The promoters of the bill are perfectly con vinced of the former. There are plenty of their fellow-citizens ready to declare their unswerving belief in the latter theory. But, even if we admit that there are cigarette smokers who have died or gone crazy, we are still face to face with the appalling fact that the still apparent'y sane, and, more wonder ful still, that the vast majority of the people who die every year have never had a cigarotto within their lips. "There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy." NOTES OF PROGRESS. I The mossback is almost a thing of the Spast. Walk up and down Main street, Ff'uller avenue, Park avenue, Sixth avenue, Broadway, or any other of the numerous important business streets of Helena, and one will see nothing but bright faces seem ingly imbued with the one all-absorbing idea--the greatness of Helena. It was only a few months ago that occasionally a man I would be met with who would propound the question, "What will make Helena the metropolis of the northwest?" Such men are now curiosities. At one time a few holders of Helena realty delighted in des crying its value. Men who had additions, parts of additions and numerous lots, their whole wealth concentrated in Helena,would darken the heavens with their forebodings 5 of disaster, picturing the beauties of a vil lage like Whatgo, its paved streets, its e trees, parks and general prosperity; hinting at a desire to sell their property here at cost, with interest added. Such men are now so scarce that the dry goods fraternity will gladly settle a pension upon them to pose Sas advertisements of their large stocks of e goods, now selling, at eastern prices with s freight added. Our crop of moss is fast losing its vitality. Irrigation will not savd d it. Bi-chloride of gold will not revive its l lost manhood. d Examine the list of subscribers to the CY astle railroad fund and note the long line e of merchants who have immortalized their - names by adldinug to the already large sum s their thousands. They fully realize the fact that making Helena the center of trade will add population to its precincts; that populatipu will bring prolits and that ap preciation of such results should be shown ' by a liberal donation to all publio move Y nments that will. in turn, bring prosperity le to the city. Such men should have epi I taphs inlaid in mosaic representing the a parti-colored nature of their public spirit. S'They now acknowledge the fact that the real estate imne are a direct benefit to them. Tlhe real estate men buy their goods. 'uThe real estate men bring to the city manufac tories: the manufactories employ labor: laborers purchase ready-made clothes, dry goods and groceries. Farewell, genus fos sil! May the soil on thy vertebra be re- ; juvenated in anticipation of a better cropl Helena is the railroad center, the politi cal center, the financial center, the trade center of the northwest. Helena will soon a have delivered within her limits in the neighborhood of 10,000 electric horse rower which, combined with the competi tive rates of railroads giving the city direct connection with the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic and Pacific seaboards, will tmake her the center of manufactories. Helena is a beautiful city, the social center of Montana. Her hotels are marvels in their line, her theatrical entertainments are first-class, constituting a standing invita tion to the monied classes of this region to bring their families here. Her schools are numerous and splendid: her churches rep resent many languages and forms. These conditions insure a rapid growth in popu iation and should impress upon the real es tate profession the necessity for concerted action in handling the influx. ()ptions and commissions should be regulated. Its memn bership should be limited to men of known integrity, excluding fakes who will un doultedly flock here with the crowd like a lot of long-haired orators. Such meu in jure a commrunity. Jealousy should be minimized between tLe various sections of the city. It is a notorious fact that many agents will underrate to the foreign custo muer of his brother agent the value of land offered, with the result that no land is sold and the stranger goes elsewhere, convinced that the real estate of Heolena really has no value, and that there is too much hair pull ing here. Such methods are contemptible and any agent guilty of it should be ostra cised by the decent element in the pro fession. t Notwithstanding the fact that great num I bers of expensive houses were constructed the past few years, those desiring to rent fAnd difficulty in securing what tliy Wilhb, This is decidedly a healthy condition .'of affairs There will undoubtedly be asrfge area covered With the better class of hniesi during 1892. The east and weat sides, and the valley, all 0 which points are con nected with the business center rt the city, are rapidly illing up, commandd l itews that are not surpassed in any city in the country. From theresidpnce locations in and on the hills the valley, with its vast er panse of fourteen miles in width annd six teA miles in length, dotted here and there by small farms, can be seen. In summer the ;iew is grand-here a feld of green, there.a patch of gold, the mountains of brown beyond, the sapphire sky above, with a variation of occasional silver-tipped clouds, presents a scene only a Divine hand could paint. No wonder houses in Helena are in demand, and no wonder the several additions commanding such scenery and possessing cheap rapid transit are risine in value. The valley is ore paring for its share of good things of 1892. Who that has taken a drive out the btubbs Ferry road, following the beautiful Prickly Fear as it winds its way to the Missouri river, thence to the Methodist col lege and back to the city on Montana ave nue, or the old Benton stage road, has not expressed a desire to locate on five or ten acres, plant trees and shrubery, lay out drives and walks and enjoy such delicacies as fresh egos and good butter, cream and cottage cheese. The building of the elec tric road to the Missouri river will un doubtedly increase the demand for valley homes, and make the hens strain to meet the demand for fruit. AMUSEMENTS. At Ming's opera house next Wednesday and Thursday there is a great treat in store for all who like to laugh, when Bobby Gay lor will appear in his great comedy success, "Sport McAllister, one of the 400." The comedy is said to be constructed for laugh ing purposes only and it has made a won derful record in every city in which it has been produced. Mr. Gaylor's tour this season has been one succession of triumphs, and it is said that he has cleared over $10,000 on his southern trip alone. All the leading cities of the east and south have seen "Sport McAllister," and Manager Brady has arranged to give the piece a long run in New York when the com pany returns from the coast in the spring. 'Thero is not a more original genius on the stage than Bobby Gaylor. His comicalities are entirely his own, and although many comedians try to give imi tations of him their attempts are a failure. His style and mannerism3 are so entirely different from all other comedians that itis utterly impossible to give anything like a correct imitation of him. His magnetism is wonderful and catches his audience the moment he appea:s before them. The company supporting Mr. Gaylor is spoken of in the highest terms of praise, and these is no doubt that the attraction will plty to crowded houses during its engagement here. A special matinee will be given on Thursday afternoon (St. Patrick's day) for the benefit of ladies and children. The musical numbers and specialties will so be arranged as to prove especially pleasing to them. I"My Geraldlne." The charming and romantic drama "My Geraldine" which will be given at St. Aloysins hall by the Helena Catholic Dramatic club on Thursday, March 17, will be handsomely staged, and the club has spared neither expense or labor to make this entertainment surpass anything they have previously attempted. The play is a very pleasing one, with plenty of sentiment to hold the attention and a happy vein of comedy running through it which illustrates the irresistable good nature of the Irish peasantry. The cast of characters is larger than in any of the plays yet put on by the club and includes a number oat new faces. The scenes are laid on the picturesque coast of I eland, and the cliffs of the Lisken Brae and the ruins of the Grey Nun's abbey are extremely realistic. Secure your tickets early, as Thursday being St. Patrick's day, all umay be sold in advance. The price of admission is only 50 cents. New Music at Jackson's Music Store. VOCAL, "My Maiy Green," H. Lamb. More pop ular than Annie Rooney. "Mother Is Waiting the Wanderer's Re turn," Julian Jordan. A song that will reach your heart. "Baby Swinaing," Rufus Garland. The sweetest lullaby ever written. 5PIANO. "Pretty Lips Polka," Tobaul. Q you hear it you'll want it. "iBaby Ruth Schottische," Mirault. Just received and promises to be popular. ",weet Memories Waltzes," by Ruafus Garland. The composer has just caught the right swing for a fine waltz. (Call and hear some of the latest pieces. We have also the best 10 cent music ever published. Nothing like it can be had in the city. Send for a catalogue. JA:CusON'as Muicss STORs. Picture frasis hsave taken a etlcidel drop in prices, if Th'lie lo l ive spec at sale can be takell as a critrion. If yi l hiavle lnot seirerd ally of their 75l frlrai's got tllheI before the entire lot is dslposed of. Locomlotive Firelmen's Ball. The first annual ball of Mount Helena lodge, No. 421, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, will be given March 17, at Elec tric hall. Music by Helena Elite orchestra. Supper will be served on the irlat floor by L. A. Htansonr. Tickets $1.50. To close out--Vle oftir Itallynoll's best reiahly meixrs (hIouse amnd vllhs sins llll at $1.2 r pi calhla, ransl white Irtlon paintls at $1. f20. 11. 51. .archien & Co. Why Use Poor Flour When You Can Buy I II FANCY PATEN-Tý For the sarne loney. Manufactured by the North Dakota Milling Company, at Grand Forks, N. D. Ask your Grocer for it. S..PORlT ,OF TnyE COND)ITION -OF TIHOE FIRST NATIONAL BANK, At Helena, in the State of Mon tana, at the Close of Business, Maroh 1, 1892. BESOUROEB. Loan ns d dliount ...........$,17,17 Overdrafa, SeeonrOd and unsecured.. 97,489 11 U. t. lbonde to eeoro elroulatlon.... U0,000 00 U. S. bonds to eoure deposits....... 100,000 00 Stocks, securities eto ................ 859,486 47 DuIo from approved re serve 1agol e ........... 112,778 88 Due from other National baLnkse .......... 47,88 5 Doe from state balos and bankers ............. 45,581 89 --$ 205,748 78 Banking house, furniture and fix ture ............................... 107,048 0 Other real estate and mortgagee oWn ed................................... ,000 00 (urrent expenses and taxes paid..... 28,160 81 LChecks and other cash items ....................$18,221 80 Uls of other uanks........ 17,011 03 Fraitional papir ourreony, nickels and cents........ : 6 75 Specie ......................101258 50 Legal tonder notes......... 50,000 00 - 8860,2608 11 RIedomption fund with U. 8. tress urer (5 per cent of circulatiou) ... 2,250 00 Duo from U. S. Treasurer, other than 5 per cent, redemption fund....... 1,710 00 Total ............................... $4,430,520 01 LIABILITIES. Capital stock paid in............ 00... ,000 00 Surplus fund ........................ 100.000 00 Undivided profits................... 0(8,5309 9 National bank notes outstanding.... 45,000 00 Indiviuial deposits sub jectt t cheeok............$738,200 49 Demand certifilcates of de posit ............... ...2.2,040,475 40 United States deposits.... 51124 09 D)eposits of U. 8. diabore ing officeors .............. 47,023 51 Duo to other National banks. .......... ..... 282,708 99 Due to state banks and bankers................. 58,367 24 ----$--- . 170,980 82 Total ................. ..... 4.4.0,520 91 State of Montana, County of Lewis and Clarke I, E.W. Knight, cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the above state mnot is true bo the best of my knowledgo and belief. E. W. KNIGHT, Caslhier. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 12th day of March, 1892. E. W. tNIIIHT JR, Notary Publio, CORRECaT--Attest: R. S. HAMILTON, A. Mt. IltL.Il, C. K. W,'EtLt. Diro tors. THE GODES. Political, Penal, Civil, Civil Procedure Complete Sets For Sale at This Oftke. $10 PER SET. FLATHEAD LAKE. Flathead Transportation and Flathead Navigation Co. The boats are now running, making daily trips from Demers ville to foot of lake and return, connecting with stages at foot of lake (except Sundays.) C. B, LEBKICHER, Second Floor, Herald Building, BLANK To OOKS Order BOOKS NEATLY RULED AND PRINTED, RANCH OF 2,000 ACRES Well Improved and thoroughly Irrl gated, on fine range. A GREAT BARGAIN.. W. E. Cox, Gold Block. -~-HAS PROVEN TO BED The Cheapest, 1Most Durable N.D Economical IRRIGA1'ION PU P In the market. Give it a trial. It Is no experiment. All pumps put in under guarantee. ,THE NEW 'PULSOMETER TS a double acting pump withont any meehac eal an. pliancee to absorb ower, or set but o order. All worn ibg part areintOr langtabie and can replacedwhi yorn, without skilled labor or maclAne ihop. It is automatio in Its operation. No machitery or nngine required to run It, on y a steam pipe from boiler to t r ump. The preeesqr of team frore. e water above the pump, de to the pteeemre in the holer. !l he auc o uairnlti price t tIon is obtained withont the expense of eteam by means Write for c ars, prIce lI of a vacuum formed by the condensation of the etetm and ttimonials to after it has been utilized to elevate the water above the andtetmonito pump. A. M, Holter Hardware Company, eltena, Mont., .Dealers I Mardware. Toots, Machinery, Engines, Boilers, Pumps and Milng Supplies. Capital paid in $5,000,000. Assets over $23,000,0040 For absolute security and for prompt payment of losses insure with THE GUARDIAN ASSURANCE CO. OF LONDON. L. P. LAGROIX. AGENT. . Hi'LENA, 2.ON'TA.NTA.ý Furniture and Garpets. Shades, Lace Office AND AND Chenille Curtains, School Furniture. J. R. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114, Broadway, Helena. Helena [umber Gompany AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED GALT COAL "--ALSO DEALERS IN--r Bough and inishing Lumber, Shingles, Laths, Doors, Sash and Lumber, Telephone is. City Office. Room 8, Thompson Bleack, Main Street, Opposite Grand Central HoteL Wholesale - and Retail. Wall Paper. We are now prepared to supply dealers with wall paper in any quantity at factory prices with freight added. Samples sent on application. We are also prepared to do paper hanging, fresco painting, wall tinting and interior painting at low prices on short notice. We are prepared to give our patrons correct taste and exact workmanship. ., J. HOLMES, 26 N. Main Street. Joom Mouldings.- Windov) Shades.