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RImittances at the risk of sebacriber unlie made by re4i.."li lbttet, check, or postal or .e ptesi orier, gayable to The lladependelt Pub. ishing Company. WaPersons desiring the INDPiENDINT served at their homes or pladet o botalme can order by postal carde or threh telephone No. 180. Ploas rep$rt casee 0E irregular delivery promptly. Adveortisements, to ilrsiae prompt inaerties. should he handed in before 8 p. m. iejected communications not returnable un lees postage is eaneleoeel. TE1RMS OF SU.iSOKIPT ION. BY MAlT,. Daily [nol' adIng anuday] per year.......... $10 00 Daily |including SundayJ sai months...... 5 00 Daily [i lading nSunday] three months.... 2 10 Daily [e.L ludtcin Gandeyl per yer......... 09 0 Dally excrlading Sunday] per month...... 75 eunday only in advanoel per year......... 2 50 Weekly Yin advance only] per year....... 2 0 Daily by carrier, per w eek. re ra islue e].. M , HELENA, MONT, MARCHI 14,1892. laemontatniens abroad will always find Tx. DAILY INDDDAper.NrT on 1ile at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue .ndl lNetropolitau. New York; Weat, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, Can Francisco McDermoett, Butte: Leland Hotel, BSringfield. Il1. TH0E WlVEATHeitK. Reported for ToE INDiPE~,NDENT daily by E ,T. Class, United States observer. 6:00 a.m. 6:00 p n. Barometer.................. . 12.06 10.221 Tompneratur ................ 2. \Yind ................. ....... w- S n.- 10 Weather ............... cloudy. cloudy Minimum temperature, 20.5. Maximum temperatotnre. 40.0. 'Temperature at noon, 15.0. Forecast: Iight snow or rain; cooler. HIaLNA. Mont., March 1.. 1089. GENERAL, NO.AN_ ' attention is called to the emall sized gloves used in the Herald-Journal bout. IT is feared that President Harrison's Chilian war record will arouse no great enthusiasm until he settles with Salis bury. UNTILr the controversy between the United States and Great Britain is settled the seal will have a breathing spell. UNCLE SA~ is too experienced and possesses too much native shrewdness to place his head in the British lion's mouth. THE ANACONDA STANDARD grudgingly concedes that Helena has a pull in the department of the interior. Well, it's a pleasant thing to have, isn't it? CONGRESSMAN DANIEL N. LOCKWOOD, of Buffalo, predicts that the next demo cratic national platform will have a free silver plank. No better material can be found. THE Chicago Inter-Ocean is pleased to define Quay as the Grant of repub lican politics. A difference, however, is that Quay's Appomattox was "cop pared." THE difference between the sand bag and the Toledo blade as weapons of repartee is strikingly apparent in the .discussion between our contemporaries irross the way. ;IF young Mr. Sherman Hoar does not atop his hopeless fight against free coin age the public will conclude that he is not much of an improvement over his senatorial unole. THE JOURNAL thinks that time will demonstrate the wisdom of its opposi tion to free silver coinage, but before that time arrives even grandfather's hat will be forgotten." THa regimental band from Fort Helena has not yet announced the programme for the opening of its capitol building in this city, but it will be one of the joyous melodies. SENATOR HILT, will soon start on a hunt for delegates through the southern statee. The results are likely to prove less satisfactory than the bag of game captured by ex-President Cleveland in Louisiana. IN a vague and uncertain way the name of Warner Miller once more ap pears in eastern political gossip. Per haps Mr. Miller would like to be the vice-presidential candidate on the re publican ticket. . OUR republican contemporaries on the Puget sound once showed local patriot ism by favoring in a mild way the can didacy of General Alger. Now that the general is actually laboring under the hallucination that he is a candidate, the esteemed contemporaries are on thile fence. I'r is announced that Woods, England's public executioner who has jerked two hundred unfortunates into the un known, will deliver in this country a series of lectures on capital punishment. Is the good old lyceum to fall into the dime nuiseumi decay of the modern stage? By hlie shades of Wendell Philips, John 13. Gough and Josiah (il bert HIlland, we arise to protest against this sacriligous invasion of classic lields. 'I'HAT the heavy domocratic losses in February township elections of New York and later in municipal elections, is the direct result of bad democratic mian agement cannot be doubted. The cma chine-lmade state convention created serious dissensions in party ranks which apparently can only be healed I,y the choice of an outside candidate at ('li cago. But a natural result of this war fare is the general sentiment that the delegation of New York state should take a back seat, in the national con vention. TiE young kaiser and the czar have boon indulging in a bit of long range repartee. "I will. pulverize Russia," observed the kaiser at the Brandenburg banquet. "Tell your emperor that when he wants to begin pulverizing 1 will throw half a million men across the border with the greatest of pleasure," said the czar to the German minister at St. Petersburg. It is feared that both monarchs have been reading certain interesting tole graphic communications between Sir Charles Mitchell and Col. Sullivan. MONTANA should emulate Colorado's interest in the development of agrliul tural re . During the winter the farmers of that state have mtat for in struction apd profit at farmer's insti tutes. Within a short time a beet sugar convention will be held in Denver, when the results of experiments will be made known and plans for increasing the in dustry will be formed, Montana has all the natural resources for agrioulture found in Colorado, but her citizenis are much slower in bringing the attention of prospective settlers to the advantages of locating in this state. "ELvrnopEAN investors have returned to us in the past fourteen months over one hundred millions of our securities," Sitys the latest circular of the banking house of Henry Clews & Co., of Wall street. Our people receive and pay for all that can be returned at the same rate. The above mentioned banking firm, than whom there is no better authority on American tinance, thinks this the de plorable result of what it is pleased to term the silver craze and mania. They think that the more immediate reason these securities are returned is that European investors wish to avoid the chance of being paid in a depreciated currency which they think will occur when the free coinage bill is made a law. It seems to us a significant fact that our bankers and financiers, their snonometallic talk to the contrary not withstanding, are quite ready to buy back these securities at their market rates. They are either satisfied that the president will veto the Bland bill, or they are not afraid of the so called de preciated currency. and certainly they should know as much about the matter as their friends across the seas. ANSWE RS TO INQUIRIES. The following communication has been received: To the Editor of THE INNDPENDENT: In commenting upon the situation in Iowa you speak with approval of the action of the republican members of the legislature of that state in voting with the democrats to pass the Gatch local option bill, and en deavor to make a point on the fact that liquor is sold in spite of the law, and the tate receives no revenue from it. I would like to ask a few questions and would be glad to receive straightforward and nn equivocal answers to them. Is the saloon right or w: ong? Do you believe it is right to license a wrong? Do you respect a man or party that will go before the people and fight a camonaign on a platform that declares for the main tenance and inforeement of certain laws end after election betrays the trust placed in them by deliberately going over to the enemy and helping to repeal the very laws that they promised to defend? If-you do approve of snuch action, how do you justify it? Very truly yours, WARREN DECAMP. It may be said first that by no fair con struction could the editorial in question be made to appear as approving the ac tion of the republican members of the Iowa legislature in joining with the democrats to pass the Gatch law. It was the purpose to show by recent results that prohibttion in Iowa had proved a failure; that the prohibitory law had been repealed because the people demanded it. Now as to Mr. DeCamp's interroga tories. He asks us to determine whether the saloon is right or wrong. Mr. De Camp must decide this matter accord ing to his convictions. It is a matter of opinion entirely. Many intelligent men regard the saloon as an evil; others quite as intelligent do not look at it in that way. It is certainly unfair to say that all liquor drinking is wrong and a straight and steadfast line cannot be drawn between the right and wrong sides. The saloon is the disbursing agent for liquor as the grocery is for groceries. The law with few exceptions from the time of the public house at the Tres Via under Julius Ciasar's reign, has permit ted the saloon to exist and has protected it. It may therefore be said that in a legal sense the saloon is right. Mr. 1)o Camp may think that horse racing is a sin, that Dr. Briggs is a heretic, that dancing is an offense against morality. It is not our province to establish a code of moral ethics or to determine with absolute infallibility whether he is right or wrong; neither is this divine privilege accorded to him. iEvery man has his standard of morality by which he is governed. 'Tlhis he may change accord ing to conditions, but under no condi tions are his fellow men bound to accept his ultlimatum. We therefore reply to Mr. 1)eCamp that so long as the law recognizes the right of the saloon it is right ii the only code that all citizens are bould to obey. Each may satisfy himself as to the mroral side of the mat ter and it is no man's privilege to dictate a code of morals to another. lie asks if we believe it right to license a wrong. The answer to this reverts to the previous topic. \WTen the people declare that cert'ain transgessions are wrong it is assiuredly w:rorn to license ithem. 1ur or Smith or iJoties may think it wrong to license the saloon. If your fellow neighbors are in the major ity and think otherwise their opinior.s should prevail. Thisn, we belie1e, a tihe highest principle of govPrnment. ConcerniriK t ]ie finll interrogatory this moust be said; that a candidate nominated by his follow citizens and pledging himrself to perform ,.,rtain alts detlmanded Iy a .iinvetto l t ioul,.I l.p his word or resign frosmt ofi,,. it is possible to ftany conditions whret,, to( prevent, a grave social or nat ional crisi, he would be right in vatling Ingtait bin pledge. A ilou.sand things to juitstiry such action . t lioht uott,'r afttlr a convtt tion and eloction. VWe do not bolieve\ such condittions exitoed with certain lowat legislatord who were squarely pledged to stay with prohibitin, who votedl gainst anti-prohi iltto y leigintlation and who reversed their ction at tihe mandates of Clarkson and oLthr ipliti cians. It was contotmptiblo treoaUhory to thbt trusts placed in their hands by their constituedlts. P'rtallri Fire nlu Southll Dakota. HotoN. S. I., March 1:.---A prairie fire - twelve miles south of here bti destroyed the houses of Win. Mills end Win. Eye. A large amount of grain and farm machinery was burned. lRev. Gregory I. Bedell, Episoopal bishop of the diocese of Ohio,is dead. JOTTINGS ABOUT TOWN. The United States eiteult ind distriot courts meet on March 21. Tilekte for "My Geraldine" ate newe'` sale as Pope & O'Conno'e., The democratic ward primaries will be held two weeks from to~day. The trial of the Penrose cas hbes been set for April 4 at Deer Lodge. . Stuart tRobson will be the next attraetioau at Ming's after Bobby Gaylor. John Wick bataed three wild geese while on a hunting trip in the valley on Saturday. 'he fhrnitu:e and muesl house of A. P. Curtin & Co. have opened a branch itfGreat Falls, Re.t. W. 8. Bell, of Helena, oceaplfd the palpit of the Cingregational church atMie soula yesterday. The regular monthly inspection of the county jail was made Saturday by Sheriff Jefferia and his deputies. A club is being formed at Deer Lodge which will be modelled much after the plan of the Montana olub, of this city. Bobby Gaylor and his company are the next attraction at Ming's oerna house. The engagement begines next Wednesday evenp ing. The Ladies' Sewing Circle of congrega tion Emaun-El will meet at 2:30 p. nm, to day at the residence of Mrs. H. Genzberger, 219 Sixth avenue. The report of the First National bank of Helena at the close of business on Manrh 1 shows $2,048.475l.40 represented by demand certificates of deposit. Bishop Brewer will make his annual visit to Buzeman to-morrow. He will preach and administer confirmation in St. James church on Tuesday evening. A Japanese wedding entertainment is to be given this evening at Adams' hall in the Sixth ward for the banflit of the Oakes Street M. E, church. Admission 25 cents. There will be a meeting of the school trustees thin afternoon, when it is expected that satisfactory arrangements willbe made for the speedy completion of the new high school building. The first annual ball of Mount Helena lodge No. 423. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, will be given on March 17 at Electrio hall. The Elite orchestra will fur nish the music. It seems that Helena is not going to have a monopoly of precious stone finds. Gal latin county claims to have as valuable stones within its limits as are found any where within the state. A very enjoyable time was had last night at Temple Emanu-El, the occasion being the celebration of the advent of Purim, a Hebrew holiday which precedes the Pass over season four weeks. There will be considerable criminal bus ineas before the district- court this week, among which is. the. state against Doe Seeley, Woods and Sandy. Lane, crowing out of a card game with a greenhorn from Wisconsin. W. F. Parker, formerly of Helena, and a law student of Col. Sanders, has formed a law partnership with Geo. W. Taylor, of Great Falls, ex-counly attorney of Cascade and a student with Warren Tools some years ago. 1 he county commissioners will resume their session this morning. There is con siderable business before the board which is being transacted by Commissioners Knight and Burns, Commissioner Edger ton being in'the east. At a social entertainment in Billings lately $14.25 was raised for the relief of the Russian peasants and the amount for warded to Gov. Tools. who will Lend it to the relief committee.. This is the second cont. ibution received. While in Dakota and Minnesota blizzards are slaying people, derailing trains and making havoc generally, in Helena, Mon tana, March 12, boys gathered in bloom the flower known as windflower, or scientific ally called Auemone patens, var Nuttalliana. Hugh Kirkendall, of Helena, the Great Northern contractor, is in Spokane again. He reports that he has 400 men at work on his contract along the Columbia river and that inside of ten days he will have 1,000. At this rate his work will be done in quick aider. Ed Morris, charged with selling liquor to Indians, was examined befora United States Commissioner Logan, at Missoula, Saturday, and bound over to the federal Brand jury in the sum of $200. He was brought to Helena yesterday by United States Marshal Furay. A wife beater was arrested yesterday. He is Mike Flaveon who runs a lodging house on Rodney street. " Flaven was locked up on complaint of his wife. The police any that he was arrested once before for mis treating her. Usually in such cases as this a fine of $50 and costs is imposed. Helena was visited by a light fall of snow last night. Old-timers say the pres ent winter is very similar to that or 1867-8. There was no snow of any consequence in the valleys that winter from Ch. istmas un til the first week in April, when about ten inches fell, but which soon disappeared. Some good sized trout are brought to Helena from adjacent streams, but none so lar g as the nineteen-pounder caught at White Fish lake in the Flathead country by Charley Christiansen. The trout was of the salmon species and sent to A. J. Davis, of Butte, as a sample of what may be done by a man who studiously pursues the trout in his native lair. H. O. Willard, the successful candidate at the Helena examination for the West Point cadetship finished his supplementary examination at Fort Keogh last week. The result cannot yet be known, as his exami nation papers must first be passed on by officials at Washington. It is quite likely, however, that the returns will prove that hd meets the requirements in all particu lars. Dr. D. B. Vermilys, of Great Falls, has just returned from Dwight, where he met quits a large number of people from Helena and other cities in Montana, many of whom had been drinking for twenty or thirty years and had been all completely cured of the habit, He saysve that he is not at all ashamed of having been at Dwight as a" patient. After several days in the company of the patients there one gets over such feelings. A Big Ranllroad Deal. ATLANTA, Ga., March 13.-it is said here on undoubted authority, that a deal has been perfected by which the Baltimore &c Ohio secures control of all the Richmond Terminal properties, the Richmond and I):an illo system, with its leased lines, and the East 'I enullrsseei etem. John lsnman i is said to bhare engineered the rmatter. The liealltimor ,; Oho lits be.tn baying the stock of thse systems and it is slaid the last purchnse, made on iSaturday, places in its hands the whole system. The Jersey Cen- tral and the heading were included in the deal. A SUGGESTION " O~RSanta Claus. % iCt rs 'I" - If, howevcer, Kris Krin 0' ' ;gle should, on account 9 of your many iniquities, give you the "'go by," . - you had better take a few "hard iron dollars" and buy a sack for yourself. Al Your Grocer for It. A G .OD TrHIrf. A Ready teference Chart and MaIp at Nominal Cota Tnn lNsxrDemDNr has received from Mesras. 1t. A. Luke & Co.., of Helena, Steely's great double historlinl political .art and United States map combined," presented with the oompllments :of iqe "Old Jhenix" insurance com pany, of Brooklyn. There is a great deal of political and historical infor mation in a very concise and compre hensive form to -be had from this ,aluable chart and map. It is highly recommended by many eminent politicians and historians, and every man who takes a lively interest in the affairs of his country Should have a map in his office or library as a ready refer ence. Messre. R. A. Luke & Co., will fur nisa these maps at a nominal coat, Just enough to covetr cost of paokie and ex pressage. As shown by its last sworn state ment the Phenix has a oase paid up capital of $1.000,000, assets of over $5,000,000 and a ahrplus to policy holders of over $1 500,000 anldhas paid in losses over $8i),0~,00. It is represented on the Pacific coast by Messrs. Brown, Craig & Co., of San Fran cisco, enrl I agents, and Messrs. it. A. Luke & Co., resident agents at Helena, Montana. Democratic Primaries and Convention, The democrats of the several wards of the city of Helena are requested to meet on Monday evening, March 28, at 8 o'clock, at the following places: First ward-City hall. Second ward-Hendricks club rooms, Third ward-Payne's hotel. Fourth ward-Gerhauser's. Fifth ward-School house. Sixth ward-Hose house. Seventh wlard-Hose house. The meeting is called for the purpose of nominating candidates for aldermen and the selection of ten delegates and ten al ternates to attend the democratic city convention which said convention is hereby called for Thursday evening, March 31, at 8 o'clock, at Electric hall. JAMES SULLIVAN, Ohairman. DAVID MAnce, secretary. Samuel K. Davis' Spectlt. INVESTMENT STOCKS. 3-,000 West Iron Mountain-only twenty four hours option for a good investl.ent. 500 and 500 Ion Mountain at 85 cents. This stock will undoubtedly pay :nother dividend this month. 400 and 700 Helena & Victor. Purchasers of this stock will now get in at the bottom. 100 and 325 Bald Butte. The only lot in the market-can expect regular dividends. 500 Combination, Philipsburg $1.25. A eafe investmellt. 1.000 Poorman (Ctmur d'Alene) 95 cents. These are all good pui chases. Roome 26 and 27, Bailey blork. THE GODES. Political, Penal, Civil, Civil Procedure Complete Sets For Sale at This Otfice. $10 PER SET. FLATBEAD LIAKE. Flathead Transportation and Flathead Navigation Co, The boats are now running, making daily trips from Demers ville to foot of lake and return, connecting with stages at foot of lake (except Sundays.) F. M. SHAW & CO. Expert Aoornntants and Bookkeepers. The above film straighten out old books which have fallen into arrears, render halance sheets, open new ledgers. ae., with rapidity and absolute aecaracy. Will also instruct in the latest and most approved practioal methods of bookkeepi-ig. Charges reasonable. Address all correoondontr IF. H. Shaw a Co., P. 0. box 49:. Helhna, Mlont. RANCH OF 2,000 EARES W 'ell improved and thnronlghly irri gated, on fine range. A (_I4REAT i3AitG-AIN. W. E. Cox, Gold Block. -===HAS PROVEN TO BEE The Cheapest, 1Most Durable 4 .; Economical IRRIfATION IPUMP In thbe inhar t. Give it a tiala. It is no ry retanuer All pumps put in under guarantee. THE NEW PULSOMETER in a doubles ating pump witheut any maehauleal ao plianerse to abseorb power, pr gaet out of order. All work. lna narte aoto ha tiable and can he repleed whoa Worh, without askilet labor or maochine hap, It Is automatic io Its operation. No maclinery aor englne required to run iin only a steam pipe tron boller to oum Tuhe ptseeure of steam foree tIhe teatmr above t_ _ pa uwp, due to the pteeeure hac the boiler, The swU lon is obtanie~ without the expense of stea by means Write for eirculars, price lists of a vacuum formed by the cond.sation or the tean after It has been utlized to elevate the water above the THE GUARDIAN ASSURANCE COpum A, F. HoltAr HardXare Company, -lonl, Meont., Dearlr. in flardware, Toolsy,MloLlety, Eat[Ingo, Dolley, Pumpe anE A.ing SaBONllT.l A. - CaPitalpaid in $5,000,000. ssets over $23,000,000. For absolute security and for prompt paymunt of losses insure with THE GUARDIAN ASSURANCE CO0 OF LQNDON. L. F. LA6ROIX, AGENT, Furniture and Garpets. Shades, Lace Office AND AND Chenille Curtains. School Furnituro J. R. SANFORD, Nos. 112 and 114, Broadway, Helena. Helena Lumber Company AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED GALT COAL e--ALSO DEALERS IN----e Hough and inishing Lumber, Shingles, Laths, loors, Sash and Lumber, Telephone. 14, City Offices Room 8, Thompson Block, Main Street, Op.a.eit*e3urand Central Hotel, Wholesale - and .-_ ..- Retail. Wall Paper. We are now prepared to supply dealers with wall paper in any quantity at factory prices with freight added. Samples sent on application. We are also prepared to do paper hanging, fresco painting, wall tinting and interior painting at low prices on short notice. We are prepared to give our patrons correct taste and exact workmanship. 0. J. HOLMES., 26 N. Main Street. Joorn Mouldings.=- Windovw Shades.