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VOLXX ..NO EEAM AN HAYMRNMR 25
Vol.XXX11«"N, B0" HLENA. MONTANA; FRIDbAY MORNING, .MARCH 26, ~1892, PRICES FIVE CENTS G ANS& - ITLEIN. ON MARCH 25TH, 1826, the great tragedian, EDMUND KEAN, made his last appearance in this country. He was the first foreign actor of high theatrical rank who sought footlight successes in the New World and the public favor- he enjoyed was unwavering and generous. Our New Line of Boy's and Children's Summer Suits Have Arrived See Our Window Bisplay. G ANS& -tl-EI R IN HONOR -" MR, REID, Complimentary Farewell Banquet to the United States Minister to France. Toasts to Two Presidents, and Two National Aire Played by the Bandc Many Flattering Things Mld of the ler vices of the BSrillient Now York Journalist.' PARta, March 2s.--A faihwell banquet given by the Amejioan colony to Mr. Reid, retiring United States minister, took place this evening at Hotel Continental. The guests included the most prominent mem bers of the American colony and many famous Frenchmen, among them several members of the cabinet. The music was furnished by a band of the National guard. Mr. John Harjes, toast-master, began the speechmaking by proposing the health of President Harrison. "Hail Co lumbia" by the band followed. Then came the toast to "The President of the French Republic." This toast was fol owed by the playing of "Marseilles." In proposing the health of the guest of the evening, Mr. Harjes reviewed the great work accomplished during Reid's minis tership and continued, saying: "In wish ing you, on the eve of your de parture, an affectionate farrewell, per mit me to add that in returning to your health we hope, on your onward march of usefulness, our country may trust you with new honors and further distinctions." Mr. Harjes then requested Gan. King, consul general, to read an address dedicated to the honored guest. The address reviewed Mr. Rteiu's diplomatic career at length and eulogized his services in the most felicitous language. Reid responded in feeling and grateful language for the honor done him. He said he went abroad with the idea of taking a vacation, but now, after three years of hard work, he was going back to New York to get that vacation. Speaking of what had been accomplished by him he said if there has been any success it is largely due to the clear, positive and persistent policy of the home administration. Foreign Minis ter Ribot responded to the toast, "The Two Republics" and in the course of his re marks, referring to the McKinley law, said if the United States grants any concessions they will be met here with equal conces sions, even to the point of free trade. Col. Stuart Taylor, of San Francisco, Senator Jules Simon, and M. Tiard also spoke. WEARING OF THE GREEN. The Shamrock Offended a Hasty Officer of the BIrltish Army. LoNDoN. March 24.-In the commons to day Secretary Stanhope explained the mat ter of the punishment of soldiers at Alder shot for wearing the sharmrock on St. Pat rick's day. It appeared that a private named O'Grady had a shamrock on. It didn't occur to the officer that it was St. Patrick's day and he ordered O'Grady to remove the emblem. O'Grady, in a most insubordinate manner replied: "I won't." [Cheers from Irish members.] He was sentenced to forty-eight hours at hard labor, not for wearing the shamrock, said Mr. Stanhope, but for his reply to the officer. The house, the secretary added, would agree that the punishment was jus tified. [Cries of "no" from Irish members.] Patrick C. O'Brien. Parnellite, will introduce a bill entitling Irish, Eng lish and Scotch soldiers to wear national emblems respectively on Nt. Patrick's, St. Geoige'e and St. Andrew's day. Nolan, McCarthy and Sexton brought up the shamrock incident again to-night: Bal four said the last thing the government wanted to do was to wound the sentiments of Irish soldiers. The officer forgot abhout St. Patrick's day. McNeill regretted that Stanhope had forced discussion instead of admitting, re Balfour did, that the officer committed an indiscretion. He hoped Stanhope would now say no black mark would be recorded against O'Grady. Stan hope thereupon promised that the sentence would not be recorded. THE ROAD NOT BOUND. If the Arbitrators Find for Them, Well and Good. MoirREAL, March 24.-Vice-President Shaughnessy, of the Canadian Pacific, made a statement that "everything is quiet and running smoothly to-day. I antici pate," he said, "that the committee of five engineers who are to settle the points on which the trainmen and company differed will come to an arrangement agreeable to both sides, though the company is not committed to their desision. The basis proposed is that all men who have been discharged and who have gone on a strike, and any employe who has been discharged for refusing to take the placeof any striker, or who has voted to strike, be reinstated without prejudice. If it can be shown to the committee of engineers who have medi ated between the company and trainmen that any of the strikers committed assault upon any of the officials of the road, he is to be dismissed. I have no doubt that this will be agreed to and then the strike will be at an end." The German Cabinet. BERLIN:a, March 24.-The emperor has ac cepted the resignation of Count von Zed litz Tuschler, Prussian minister of ecolesi astical affairs, public elucation and med ical affairs, and it is reported that Dr. Bosse. secretary of state and minister of justice, will succeed him, and that Herr von Puttkamer will succeed .Dr. Bosse. Herr Balleetran, leader of tLe center party. has gone to Aubsrtulstock to see the em peror, by special request. Thie Heichsanzeigor, official organ of the government, announces that Chancellor von Caprivi has been relieved of the presi dency of the Prussian ministry, but retains the positiou of l'russian minister of for eign affairs. (ount von Elilcnbarg, grand marshal of the court, succeeds Caprivi as president. (i reat Northern Ilouds. New Yolnu, March 24.-'l1Ie Great North eru company has sent circulars to pre ferred stockholders offering the privilege of subscribing to the ext-ent of 75 per cent of their holdings to $15,000.000 of now four per cent collateral trust bonds secured by Manitoba Pacific extension bonds. The proceeds of these bonds will be used to complete the Pacillu extension from bpok ano to Pu!let sound. F'or t Coallng Staltion. New YouK, March 24.--Trhe Hrald has a San Diego, Cal., dispatch indicating that the Mexican International company is really comlzposed of British capitalists who are using the company as a clouak to secure the harbor of San Quentin, Lowet Califol nil, for a coaling station for lEngland be tween the Nicaragua canal and her posses salon on the north Pacillo coast. HIUJIINDERS IN ]ELENA. A Few of the Thigs Terrorilleg the wK.W Abiding Chlnalmen. Helena has a large Chinese population, it has been popularly supposed, however, that the Chinese colony was entirely free from that element which has made China town in tan Francisco and other large cities on the coast the scene of rapine and murder. That illuston has been dispelled, and if the people who have business in Chinatown should see a Mongolian sus pended by the neck from some projection or lying on his back with a lot of knives sticking into him, some morning early, it will bea sure sign that the great order of highbinders is abort one member. There are highbinders here, but they are in a big minority, and the law abiding element among the Chinese have served notice on the members of the order that their exactions and outrages must stop or they will be stopped in a way that will "bring some of them up standing" or "hanging." Some three or four representatives of the hlghbinders' or ganization on the coast arrived here some months ago. and at once began a system' of extortion on the wealthy Chinamen of Hel enr. Their demanrds were limited to same sufficient to keep them in food, opium and gambling money. Knowing the revengeful and relentless character of the highbinders the Chinamen generally acceded to the de mends of the extortionists rather than pre cipitate any trouble. Emboldened by their success the hichbinders sent word to their friends in San Francisco and Portland that they had struck a "soft thing." The con sequence wars that about two weeks ago there were three or four fresh arrivals. The newcomers were evidently in higher stand ing among the highbmnders than their predecessors. The first . arrivals were simply of the blackmailers' degree. The last comers were of the higher order, thugs and murderers. They began with a throat to kidnap a Chinese woman, the wife of one Al ''u. the latter heard of it, and took extra precautions to protect his wife. After hanging around the house for several nights. and seeing no opportunity to carry their threats into exe cution, the highbinders apparently gave up their design. A few nights ago Ah Tu was alarmed by cries of "fire" from some Chi naman on the outside of his house. Rush ing out he found that tile steps and the 1 wood work of his dwelling had been satu rated with coal oil, and a lot of paper soaked with the same stuff. and the whole mass set on fire. Seeing several men running away he chased them and caught one of them. The follow struggled and got away, and the frightened Ah Tu, suspecting that his absence from the house might give the kidnappers the wished-for opportunity, ran back just in time to frighten one oc them away. The fire was extinguished by some neighbors without turning in an alarm. No complaint was made to the po lice, as the law-observing Chinamen are prepared totake the matter into their own hands if any more outrages take place. Some very heavy demands have been made on the wealthy Chinamen, and the whole class are up in arms against the highbin ders. THE R NEIHART BRANCH. Train Service Will BeI Resumed at Once The Difficulty Settled. GREAT FALLS. March 24.-[Special.] Final settlement has been reached in the difficulty between the Great Northern rail road and Neihart. A syndicate of Neibart gentlemen purchased several lots facing on Madison avenue, where the railroad wishes to g6Opaid the owners of the lied Bird'and Nellie L. mines $6,000, and deeded to the railroad company a strip of forty feet run ning through both claims for $4,000. The city council also vacates forty feet on Mad ison avenue. This gives the railroad all they require. 'Train service will be re sumed at once. The Party Lines. BILLINGS, March 24.--[Special.]-For the first time in the history of this city the city elections are to be run on a party basis. The democracy met Tuesday evening in convention and pat the following excellent ticket in the field: Mayor, Harry K. Fish; clerk, G. A. Lane; treasurer, W. B. George; marshal. B. Schneider; aldermen, J. W. Vaughan. W. H. Heffner and A. J. Gils dorf. A central committee was appointed with B. W. Toole as chairman. The republioan convention was held to night and placed in nomination the follow ing: C. A. Dewar, mayor; H. F. Clement, clerk; W. H. Donvan, treasurer; J. C. Rinehart, marshal; for aldermen, L. Whit ney, W. F. LeRoy and Silas B. Sawyer. Missoula Notes. MrssouLA, March 24.-[Special.]-The board of trade met to-night. Richard Marsh, who has been absent visiting the mines tributary to Missoula, made a report favorable to the establishment of a smelter at this point. A communication was re oeived from Chas. S. Fee relative to the special train to Missoula for the use of delegates to the A. O. U. W. convention at Helena. The republican club held a meeting to night and called for a convention Saturday night for the purpose of selecting a candi date for alderman in the Third ward to re place Chas. Johnson, declared ineligible, Died of Exposure. DEE. LODGE, March 24.-ISpecial.] - A sheep herder by the name of Israel Bjork was found dead to-day on the hills about seven miles east of this place. He had been dead about two months. A coroner's jury found that he had come to his death by exposure. On a Tour of Inspection. K..tiSPlLtr., March 24.-LSpecial.]-Gen - oral Manager A. L. Mohler, Chief Engineer Miller, of St. Paul, and Engineer F. 11. Beckler, of Helena, of the Great Northern railway, arrived in Kaliapell this evening in a private our on a tour of inspection. A Nulsanelnc tLao It lupprless,d. To 'lC"k INDEPr:Nult NT: While vyou are agitating municipal elforms, there is one you might add to your alradtly lon list. and that is the abuatelent of the chioken nuisance. Chickens running st larae are a peat in any neighborhood, and Iartitu larly whore grase and trees and shrubbery are. 1 arn trying to start a lawn, and have al ready expended over $A0 in the llot, Ie sides mny own work. My neighbor's ohickone scratch up and eat the seed as fast as 1 can sow it. At the city ,sari chal's ofllc, 1 ali itlforlnerl that tihe au thorities can do nothinlg, as titer is no law against eiockenla rununlg at atrgo. Anit alderman tells rue trat there is suchll ea or dilnance alid tlhat le has to keep Iris chickens ii an elnlosure. \Vho is right? Now, a word to the city authorities. If you wantt the citizeoa to beaultify youi ri city by sowing Itlwta tti lan pllntling t rtlos and elrublry, pass aI ordilnalte compennlllin ipeople to coupt their clitikelte, or if t herte Is already stac an ordia nitce, tie thaint it is on forced. JlAn. WV. EA,'rtN., No, 10t; Atta Streel. The reicharlth tihb approved th exitrna grant of 2,500,00x) marks for the Gorluat exhibit at the World's fair. NO VOTE ON BLAND'S BILL Valiant Fight by the Democratic Friends of theFree Coinage of Silver. Solid and Effective Republican Phalanx in Opposition to the Bill. Reinforced by Nome Gold-Bug Democrats These Republicans Prevent thle Pas sage of the Bill. WAsrIINrTOw, March 24.--The galleries were again packed when the silver debate Was resumed and there was a very large attendance on the part of the members. Bland announced that he would postpone his motion for the previous question till five o'clock, to give an opportunity for a greater debate. Williams (111.), a democratic member of the coinag6 committee, opened the debate in favor of the'bill. Williams elicited much applause when he exclaimed: "The unit of value is a creature of the law, and the power of declaring what shall constitute the unit of value in the United States is vested in con gross alone." He.: criticised the administration for working against the bill, and predicted that if the measure passed the house the admin 'istratlon would exert all its mighty infln ence to force gold to a premium, creating a trepidation to prevent like action by the senate. In a sharp passage at erme, which now ensued' between Wike (Ill.), and Wil liams, the latter maintained that the silver coin'of Europe is already at par with gold, and that the United States is capable of taking care of the bullion yet uncoined, | Cochran (N. Y.) a well-known Tammany leader, oi:ened for the oprposition to the bill, which he vigorously attacked. He nevertheless complimented Chairman Bland's report and declared that he had no patience with Mr. Harter, who had said: "I credit him (Bland) with gross ignorance as the only excuse for his attitude." Cochran said while disputing the con clusions of 43land, he desired also to dis pute the' statement of Harter. If there had been ignorance displayed upon the floor, it had not been by the gentleman from Missouri, This thrust at Harter was greeted by applause. Cochran was fol lowed by Cummings (N. Y.) who said his coinstituents were opposed to the bill, and he would therefore vote against it. Ding ley (Maine) also spoke in opposition to the bill, saying that its effect would be to give silver mine owners of this nation twenty one millions annually more than they are now receiving for their product. In addition to this our mints would be flooded by silver imported from abroad. Hatch (Mo.) made a strong party speech in favor of the bill, announcing that he was in favor of making the bill a matter of party fealty. He told Williams (Mass.) that he did not know the first principle of democracy, and when Willhams asked if he was reading him out of the party Hatch re torted t'ht Williams said the time was .omiii e lbh t rl nootatic party would Ihave to thoose between detocrats of Noew York and the alliance of the south. He (Hatch) was willing to make the choice if necessary, and.would swap thebarefooted sthtesman from Ktansas (Simpson) for the gentleman from Massachusetts, and if an other swap were wanted he would take in the erring young democrat from Georgia (Watson) and throw over another Massa chusetts mugwump. The speech created almost a sensation. Loud (Cal.) said the first and most potent reason why he should vote against the bill was that in the platform of the republican party there was engrafted a plank against the free coinage of silver. Further, in the laws of his state, in the obligations of most every country, and in all " notes and contracts there were provisions making them payable in gold. To assume that the people of California were in favor of the free coinage of silver would be to assert that they were living lies. He remembered when, as a mechanio, he had to take his $100 a month in silver and exchange it at a loss of $6 before paying the butcher and baker. Bartine (Nev.), leader of the republican free coinage men, made an able and com prehensive speech reviewing the fiscal policy of this country and Europe on the silver question during the past century, and combating the arguments against free silver. The ruling classes in eastern cities, whose wealth had been piled mountain high by special legislation, were swelling into a white heat of indignation at the thought that silver miners would realize an en hanced price through free coinage. The only men in Nevada ever called by the name of money kings were engaged in pro ducing more gold than silver. It was these infamous miners, who had furnished the country over $400,000,000 in coin with which to pay the national debt and the balance of trade. The farmers have more at stake ini this question than the silver miner. The great bulk of wheat sold in the European nia-ket is sold in competition with silver-using countries and upon a silver basis. It is perfectly plain, said iBaRtine, that the Indian producer hats the advantege over the American producer in the English market. Both sell at the same p ice. 'The Indian takes his silver home, whiere it is just as good and effective money ire it ever wie. The American can obtain the same aimount of silver, but if he brings it to Amnerica he anusa:ains a loss of I30 per cent in conver ting it into our stand arid corn. Bartinr did not poetnd to be lieve tlrhat cverything abiormal in the social anid indurstial conditions of the dairy dry hasr resulted f oum silver demonet ization. Never did hie clani that its re lmonaetizrtion wollld corvert the American corltinent into ar terrerrtrial ipaDerise aend till the land with Eutopilrn bliss. but be did boliete its gKneral resulis woueld be all inr the line of benelticenoe; tlat it wouli aencourage enterprise iand lead to thIe more oven distribution of wealth. E. '. 'rTaylor (Ohio inr the courso of hiis speechO exproesed surpIrirue that Hlattch had declared the repearl of 187i the greartest ir fainly of the cenltury. aid tihat it was doneU by a republican congro.r and ai repubhlicrn president. ltth knew thati not a sinr!lI dieirol'at voted agailsit thie nuastri:e ill the Hseuato, that rl'llrmln arnd ilayord voltrii for it, and the only votes cast agaiillst it wero by rerpublicuns. Castle (Minn.) rnd Erglish (N. J.) op pos,,d the bill. 'Iavyhor ( Ill. I had read an prinoposd Hubstituto intrndoI. to Iidlrulo tuie pi.nding hill. S'wout (Idu.) favored free coinnge. Smnith 111.) deprecated the r'oUsidoriatolln of trhl icairsure flroi a pallrty' standpoint, rtnd said hle hounld vote against tiho ai. Butler (Iowa) closed the debate by saying wheil the ract of 1873 had bIrought Ifarmersln into a condition of aerltl'eliug the gIottiotunirn from Illinui (tIl'aylor) r mil lio:inelu, nroseo tllnd with a cort.eal su)bti tute added itnsult to injury antl mookod the tarnwertl ii thui' uuiarllt. (ON T1IIE ('AJLL Nl).tU. 1l`iabl lIlipnrltlona or tlht, K1ilt After Maid Ililiudthen dQInfided the Irevious aluol t(oh. BIurrow. moved to Iay the pending hill on the table end the cleric celled tho roll on baa motion. IExcitemacent wes in toens as the call progressed. When the clerk completed the rocunitulatian the speaker rose to announce the result, but before doing so directed the clerk to call his name and then availed himself of his right and cast his vote in the negative, amid deafening applause of the advocates of the measure. Bland, not aware that the speaker's vote had saved his measure from immediate annihilation, changed his vote from negative to affirma tive in order to have an opportunity to move reconsideration, but being advised in a moment that the motion was defeated by a tie vote again changed to negative. En. loe (Tenn.) suddenly strode into the house and said he desired to have his vote re corded, but the speaker refused, Enloo having been absent at a session of the pen sion investigating committee. Herbert (Ala.), who had also been absent, failed to got his vote recorded. The motion was lost by a tie vote, 148 to 148. Outhwaite (Ohio) at once moved to ad journ. Lost, ninety-nine to 1B., Johnson (Ohio) moved to reconsider the vote by which the house refused to table the bill, and Bland moved to lay Johnson's motion on the table, The motion to table the me. tion to reconsider was rejected, 145, to 1411, and the antis applauded with vigor. 'the speaker stated that the vote recurred on the motion to reconsider, and Reed sprangy to his feet and demanded the yeas andi nauy, and the roll wascalled. The speaker, without ordering a recapitulation, an-' nounced that the motion to reconsider was defeated by a vote of 148 to 148. Cochran demanded a. recapitulation of the vote. The speaker stated that the demand came too late. Confusion was then redoubled and the speaker compelled to call in the services of the sergeant-at-arms to restore order. Finally the vote was recapitulated. by unanimous consent and was announced. yeas 150, nays 148, and the result was loudly applauded by the anti-silverites. The question then was on the motion to lay the pending bill on the table and after a scene of wild disorder the vote was an nounced, nays 148, yeas 145; so the house refused to lay the bill on the table. The chair announced that the question recurred to Bland's motion for the previous question on the bill and amendments. A motion to adjourn was lost eighty to 202. Mbotions to adjourn, to take a recess, to adjourn till Saturday and to adjourn till Monday were all voted down and then Bland. stating that it was evident that no fair vote could be taken to-night, moved an adjournment, which motion carried at 12:83. The silver bill now goes on the cal endar, but it is probable the committee on rules will at an early day, report a resolu tion for further consideration. MIARSHUTS, THE CAD. A Rejected Suitor Bushes Into Print About the Womanll. SAN FaANorsco, March 24.-Relatives and friends of George Baldwin and his wife. Anita, are making efforts to find the pres ent whereabouts of the pair. It is stated the runaways took a train for the north and are now enjoying their honeymoon in a town in the picturesque part of Siskiyou county, where they will remain until the end of the week and will then return to this city and endeavor to secure forgiveness. Edward Marshuts, who arrived in this city from New York about September of last year, has given publication to a story in which he claims that he has been bhadly treated by Anita. He declares that she fell violently in love with him and went so far as to propose to him and he accepted. "Lucky" Baldwin became aware of the sentimental feeling which Anita felt for Marshuts and informed the young man that he would make him a subject for bur ial if he persisted in annoying his daugh taer. Soon after Mr. Baldwin and Anita came to California. Marshuts shortly followed and made his presence known by sending letters to the girl. These missives were un answered for a long time, but finally Bald win wrote the following to Marshnts: "Sir:-You must not write or speak to my daughter any more or annoy her in any way or I will attend to you to a certainty." To this Marshnts replied: "E. J. Baldwin -It would afford me the greatest pleasure to do so." Intimate friends of Anita say she was never in love with Marshuts anidwas much annoyed by his attentions. THE SCHOOL EXHIBIT. It Will Open In the Kleinschnmidt Build ing To-Night. The display of work done by the pupils of the public schools of Helena, will open in the Kleinschmidt building, Sixth ave nue and Warren street, to-night. Some of the work will be in position this afternoon, but it will be evening before the teachers will be able to arrange the exhibit so that it will show to the best advantage. The work to be shown will include that of all departments, from the primary grades to the high school. One of the things that the Helena school children have most reason to be proud of is their peninanship. Some of it is said to be equal to engraving. Par ents and guardians, as well as all others in terested in the education of the young, should visit the exhibit. It will be con tinued as long as it is thought necessary. A RICII COUNTRY. That About Avon Proves WVlhat it Is Cap able of Doing. S. 0. Birdseye, of Avon, in response to an inquiry, has sent to the secretary of the Board of Trade some statistics showing the shipments from that station in 1891. They included seventy-one cars of lumber. twenty-five of cattle, twenty-nine of wood, five of wool, one of grain, live of ore and nine of sundries, making a total of 145 cars. There was driven out of the valley within forty-five miles from Avon, cattle which would have loaded 10)l cars. There are fow in that valley (Nevada) 2,000 tons of ore that would be shipped if there were rail road facilities. From 3,000 to 500(0) cate would be loaded with quartz, hay, lumber, cattle and produce the first year of the completion of a railroad through the val ley. Crtushed Itllnd l ackesled tudiles. AMts'rttuatst, March 24.-A terrific explo sion of benzine, which caused the destruc tion of four houses by fire, killed five per sons and injured twenty, uocurred on the liuisargraoht canal yesterday. Seven of ithe injuretd arc in a critical conditioll. The explIston.l resetmbled an otn:thquake. All clocks woVro stopped ttll d windows shat - tered. l'th' work of ditging out the bodies of tihe victiums wa begun tls soon0 as the fir.- was elxtlUIgtllshd and is still being l prosecutced. ihe crushed and blackened Iretulllllls eight persons have been takeni froem the ruins. A number of persons are still imislllg and it is feared that as the work in the Iurned buildings proceeds tile death list will be greatly increased. SPARKS FIOM T1111E W IIKES. The republican statc convention of South l)akota instructed delegates for H.tarrison. iThe T11exas senate has decided that tariff reform is the perttmanent issue of the demo. crartl party. IThe demueratic delegation from North Ih)kota goos to ChlliOago uninstructed, but friendly to Cleveland. Senuational disclosures ate being made in the Paige bank failure, at Painesville, Ohio. Forgery has been discovered. Major Yocum, of Hastings, Nob., who killed Myron Van Fleet for slandering his daughter. has been convicted of man slaughter. HIS REPLY TO SALISBURY President Harrison Insists on the * Protection of Seal Herds Dur ing Arbitration. Grounds on Which a Renewal of the Modus Vivendi Is Demanded. Ineonsidtency of the British Premier Clearly Shown by the Reply-The Arbitration Treaty. WAsrnglroNr, March 24.-The correspond ence received yesterday from the president relative to Bering sea was made publio. The first communicatiop is from Sir Julian Pauneefote to Mr. Wharton, under date of March 19, stating that he had received re ply from Lord Salisbury, which again points out that information in possession fo her majesty's government does not lead them to believe another year's suspension of sealing is necessary to prevent undue diminution of seal herds. His lordship, however, proceeded to observe that beyond this question it is considered by the govern ment of the United States that they have a right to be protected from lois they may incur from free sealing this year, in the event of their claim being uphold by arbitra tore. He states that her majesty's government does not dispute that after ratification of the convention there would be some foun dation for this contention, but adds that the prohibition of all sealers is the remedy for this effect; that British soalent excluded from Bering sea would have undoubted grounds of complaint if British claims are upheld by the arbitrators. Moreover, there is no security that arbitration would be concluded before the sealing season of 1893, and serious damage would be caused the industry by the suspension of sealing for so long a period. In view of all the above considerations, it appears to her majesty's government that it would be more equitable to provide that sealers in Bering sea shall give security for satisfying any damages the arbitrators may adjudge. Under date of March 22, Mr. Wharton re plied as follows: "I am directed by the president that your note of the 19th inst. has had his immediate attention in view of what he deems the extreme urgency and gravity of the matter. Urgency grows out of the fact that further protection made by any modus would be ineffectual to protect the interests of the United btates and give Canadian sealers practical immunity. It is known to this covernment that sealers have hastened their departure to escape notice of a possible modus, and every day almbet adds to the fleet that must he overhauled at sea. Already forty-seven Candian vessels 'have cleared for the sealing grounds, as against thirty-one 'at the same date last year, and are engaged in following no and destroying seal herds. These vessels will, If not stopped and torneu back at the pespes, go into Bering sea and pur sue to the very shores of our islands the slaughter- of mother -sea.le, seeking their accustomed rookeries to be delivered of their young. This is a crime against nature. This government expects to show, if the arbitration proceeds, that female seals constitute the larger portion of the chtch of pelagic sealers. That, in view of this serious and confident contention of this government, his lordship should as sume that another year's suspension of such sealing is not necessery, 'To prevent undue diminution of seal herus' and should insist that, pending aH bitration, it shall go on precisely as if no at bitration had been agreed upon, is as surprising as it is disap pointing. if her majesty's government so little respect the claim and contentions of this government as to be willing for a sin gle season, to disregard them, the presi dent cannot understand why Lord Salisbury should have proposed and agreed to give to those claims the dignity and standing which reference to a high court of arbitration implies. From the moment arbitration was agreed upon neither party was at liberty to disregard tile contentions of the other. It must be assumed that the sincere purpose of the two governments was to promote peace and good will, but if pending arbitration either deals with the subject of it solely upon the basis of its own contention, and in ut ter disregard of the claims of the other, this friendly end is not only not ittained, but a new sense of injury and injustice is added, even if it should be found possible to proceed with an arbitration under such conditions. For it must not be forgotten that if her imajesty's government proceeds droting this sealing season upon the basis of its contention as to the rights of Cinun dian sealers. no choice is left this govern ment but to proceed upon the basis of its contident contention tht pelagic sealing in Bering sea is an infraction of its jurisdic tion and property rithts. "His lordship will hardly fail to sed this. Herein, in the opinion of the president, consists the gravity of the situation, and he is not willing to be found in any degree responsible for results that may follow in sistence by either government during this season upon extreme lights claimed by it. In his opinion it would discredit in the eyes of the world the two great govern ments involved if the paltry protits of a single season should be allowed to thwart or even disturb iiun honorable ind friendly adjustment of their differences so nearly conoluded; but, if his lordship shall adhere to his refusal to unite witih us ill prompt and effective measures to stop pelagic seal ing, and shall insist upon free sealinig for British subjects. the question as it affects thils goveiniment is no longer one of pecuni iry loss or glnI, but of honor and self respect. This governlment, notwithstanding its right to take seats u1pon Pribyloffislands is undisputed and wholly uninvolved ill airbitration, has proposed to take no profit from the island catch, but ihmit the taking of seals to tin necessities of the natives of those islands, and it cannot consent that, withlout indemnlity or without contest the rights of BIritish subjects to catch ssale in liering sea shall be exercised pending arbi "Tile president finds it diilloult to believe that Lord Salisbury is serious in proposing that this govier'nUueniit Bhall itake separate bonds ftlut the owners of about JI0) (ountldiitl sealing vessels to iudeumnfy it for iijury they may severally inflict upon our turisdictinOl or property, and mutst declinu to discuss tile sugges tion, which ounly his respect for Lord Silisbury and hi belitef thalt his lord ship ha duo aHl)preiatio of the gravity of tils dieoussioil ena'ible him to treat withl s. riousnesas. \Ve should doubtless lhae to uransu end captitle upon the se nIiany of tht (, niers of those vessels to secure the bonds sugngested, antd ias i codition is to be tu tl tliiy shlli pay 'any dInumgso whioh ailbiLtrators inaiiy adjule,' while the treaty gives t;,o arbitrators is n 'owor tii adjudge any danlgee, lithe trldllnction would be without risk to tleil sntld of no value to us. Tlli gioveruluoint llnioit consent to have what it believes its rights destroyed or hni. paired, pending deteruitnation by n agrieed tribunal, however adequate thle security of. Iered. "tlloferencer in my lust iste to the inoon. sistency of her majesty's government in denying responsibility for the aots of Canladin sealers was not intended to sug gest willinguess on our prt u4nder lty eoi.