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feolittaneoe at the risk of subeodlber unless madd by regeitered letter, ohoek,.or postal or ex press order, paWable to The Independent Pub. ishing Ooml uay A"Peraoa. desirlag the INDUPxIDnNx semred at their homes or place of business can order by postal card or through telephone No. 100. Please report cases of irregular delivery promptly. Advertisements, to insure prompt insertion, should be handed in before 8 p. m. Rejected communications not returnable un less postage is enolosed. TERMS OF SUBSORIPTION. DY MAIL. Daily [including Sunday] per year.......... $10 0 Daily [Inclading Sunday] six months...... 5 00 Daily [inoluding Sunday] three months.... 2 50 Daily [excluding Sundayl per year......... 9 00 Daily [excluding Sunday] per month...... ?5 Sunday only [in advance] per year......... 2 50 Weekly [in advance only] per year......... 00 Daily by carrier, per week, [iaess isseasl.. 2S HELENA, MONT, APRIL 18,1892. Wg'Montanians abroad will always Ind Ton DAILY INDEOePrENTD on file at their favorite hotels: Fifth Avenue and Metropolitan. New York; West, Minneapolis: Baldwin and Palace, Ban Francisco; McDermott. Butte: Leland Hotel. Springfield. Ill. THE WEATHER. Reported for THE INDEP.INDNT daily by B. J. Glass. United States observer. 1:00 a. m. 8:00 m. Barometer.............. . 29.88 6:2.005 laemperature ...............e4.0 41.0 Wind.................... e w- S -- 11 Temperature at noon, 40.0. Maximum temperature. 44.0. Minimum temperature. 34.0. Forecast: Shoowers; stationary temperature. HELENA. Mont.. April 17, 1892. MAIN street mud again recalls the matter of street paving. FRIENDS of Gen. Charles S. Warren are wondering where he comes in on the deal. IT is hoped that the Butte city cam paign will be finished before *te fall election. Tar. bomb thrower in Europe is even more common than a sea beach mosquito in August. McKINLEY wonld rather be a live gov ernor of Ohio than a dead candidate for president. SENATOR MATT QUAY is the Franken stein that haunts President Harrison's dreams these days. THE Butte papers have quite ex hausted the language of flowers in their search for complimentary titles. To-MORRow will be Arbor day. Plant a tree, a vine or a rose bush and beau tify your home and the city alike. THE INDEPENDENT'S offer of fifty free silver dollars for the best batting record in the Helena team is causing a polish ing of favorite willows. THE anti-Harrison republicans in Montana are smiling just now, but matters may look different when the absent government officers return. THE fact that there are more than fifty applicants for positions on the Hel ena team would indicate that ball players wish to be on the winning side. THaER will be 220 delegates to the re publican state convention at Missoula. The delegations from different counties will be large enough to include all sore heads. THE excitement seen in the rush for claims in the newly opened Minnesota reservations is an indication of the rush of voters to elect Grover Cleveland next fall. MR. MERRILL'BS statement that he be lieves there will be no free coinage while Harrison is president practically settles the controversy between our quarrelling contemporaries. WHILE Uncle Jerry Rusk's Easter weather for Helena was not up to the standard, his negligence will be over looked. Every day of the year thus far has been a poem. Tas.deoline in the prices of wools has been decidedly less in this than in any other country in the world, and if this isn't due to protection, pray, to what is it due? -Butte Inter Mountain. 1F you mean that the decline is due to protection you are right. "IF the silver mine owners want, free coinage they should restrict their (out put until, it rises to a higher price than gold," says the Birmingham Age-Herald. THE present silver law has restricted the output to the point where owners have been forced to close mills. ONE of the curious laws of China re quires that when a bank fails the officers lose their heads. As a consequence there have been no bank failures in that country in 900 years. While this pun ishment is rather severe on the officers, there are several hundred thousand peo ple who wish such a law had been adopted at the first session of congress in this country. HON. WILLIAM H. CLALLETT'S bill of expenses against the government in his contest for an Idaho senatorship is an interesting document. As presented to the senate it includes expenses to the amount of 89,253(.77. Among the items is $2,500 "to be paid to himself for pro fessional services rendered the state of Idaho in prosecuting its claims to be represented by its contestant during 1891, and particularly from December, 1891, to March 4, 1892." It appears that Mr. Claggett proposae to have some compensation for his in. ability to secure the glory of a seat it the United States senate. CONGRESSMIAN JERIRY SIMPSON's speede on the tariff last Monday was a genu ine surprise to the people who re garded him as nothing more than a po litical accident. Among several naili driven by him was the following "After all this gush over the laborer cannot one of you tell me what natioi in Europe you want to protect the laborer against? Well, gentlemen, i you were frank you would say Gres Britain. Is not that right? Grea Britain is the nation that you fear. Bul gentlemen, the facts are against yor The cheap labor of Eu.rope is not in a Great Britain. The highest wages paid 11 in lirope to-day are paid in Great r Britain, the nation that comes nearest 1 to free trade. Oh, no; if you woere not consotenceless hypocrites, trying to im pose on the laborers of the country, , you would any that you want protection v from China." n It is quite evident that the protec- i tionist who tackles Mr. Simpson will i find something of a Tartar. A SU4UESTION RENEWED. O It was suggested some time ago that an invitation to visit this city be sent by the Board of Trade to the National Edi, torial association, which will meat in San Francisco next month. No action having been taken at the last meeting t of the board it may be well to renew the a suggestion. s The membership of this association 6 is represented in every part of the coun try. The yearly convention brings sev eral hundred editors, with their wives, sons and daughters in attendance and is a an important event. The city fortunate t enough to secure the gathering is not e only talked about by the delegates but a described in several hundred news- t papers. As the majority of members are interested in newspapers in villages t or smaller cities large space is given to the description of their vacation. Thus it 0 happens that their words of praise e reach a vast army of readers, among ii whom are many considering the advisa- r bility of moving to the great west. e Very well. Now, it is estimated that V one-half the editors who will meet in d San Francisco will return over the northern route to their homes. In this N event why should they not be invited to 9 stop off a day in Helena, see the most a prosperous city of the Rockies, see its i fine hotels, its big natatorium, its fine f buildings, its superb advantages for lo- a cation. It is possible that the visitors would be pleased to hold the convention t of 1893 in this city. It will cost nothing I to send the invitation and it will be a r, pleasure to entertain the guests, and e meanwhile no one knowvs how many o benefits would result if the invitation is I accepted. it WEAK BLUFFING. q The Helena Journal's attempt to - show President Harrison's friendship for free coinage is quite as ludicrous as the efforts of Mr. J. R. DeLamar in T the same direction. Mr. DeLamar, who is now pretty well known in the east as I the great social leader of the Rooky a mountains, recently returned to Boise t City and told the mine owners that he i had a quiet "tip" that Harrison would v sign a free coinage bill after his re-elec- c tion. He was on the inside and knew what he was talking about, etc. Just how far this bluff will go toward secur- L ing a Harrison delegation from Idaho is c not known, but the Journal evidently s thinks the scheme will work in Mon- a tana. t To go back a few months, it will be t remembered that THE INDEPENDENT asked, demanded, begged and pleaded for the Journal's opinion as to the presi dent's action if a free coinage bill were ever placed before him for signature. a Not an answer could be had. Our con- I temporary was as silenton the subject as Z the yawning depths of the Prickly Pear canyon. It would not say whether the president would or he wouldn't, though it is as close to his ear as any news paper in the country. But times have changed since the s Bland bill died. Now that there is no 1 possibility of free coinage legislation in E the present congress the Journal boldly swaggers to the front with the startling news that Harrison is for free coinage. It even makes a pretty show of indigna tion when a contrary opinion is ven tured. However, it is not believed that all the people in Idaho and Montana can be fooled by Mr. De Lamar and the Helena Journal. These artists should first practice on the marines. A HIGH-ILOOD)ED EMPEIOR, The high-sounding title of "minister plenipotentiary and envoy extraordin ary" is a magnificent appendix to the ambitious diplomat's name in all coun tries except China. In the eyes of the 1 ruler of that empire, the foreign repre sentative is apparently of no more im portance than a dog catcher. Within the past few weeks a diffi culty has arisen between the foreign ministers at Pekin and the court officers, over the manner in which the former should be received at the palace. The ministers, evitldently thinking their dignity in danger, held a meeting and proposed a compromise. While not exactly willing to kiss the royal toe, they consented to attend the emnperor's receptions when invited, providing he would re ceive them at the palace in 1893. Tlhe memorandum of their proceedings corn mencing as follows, was presented to the president of the Chinese foreign oflice: "Whereats, The sovereigns of the western states are the equals of his imperial majesty." flaving read thus far the Chinaman flung back the docu ment andt ended the discussion. The presumption of these foreign slaves in thinking their rulers equal to the nine-hundredlth son of the moon Swas deservedly rebuked. Fortunately, Sthe United States ihas no minister to tChina, and consequently no refloection Swas attached to the dignity of Presi Sdent llarrison. If BIlair had been thero ,the president of the foreign oflice would have been talked into a comatose con a dition or another ultimatum would have - been mailed from the White house. Amoriesn Admliration for Europe. We have long deferred to Europe in many Sways, and oar satirists and critics have soonrged ms:cilessly what they branded as our servility. "Is the Hudson not broadly mnagnificent enough, O recreant American, i that you must prattle of the ithine? is the a --the-tbo-capitol at Albany or at Wash : ington so insiunificant that you cannot r, forget a crumbliug coliseum or luined S'Parthenoni? Are not $2,000,000 for street Scleaning tn New York enough, that the if stroeets of Berlin or Glasgow muist be it thrown in our faces? The Camragna, the Vale of Enuna, Olympus, Hymtths, what Sare they to the prairies of Illinoin and the t, farther west, to the valley of Wyoming, to . I the IRocky mountains?" So frowns indig hant patriotism, speaking With firm-let lipsa and so the aiRhtingale of the'boerds reproves us for saoming ourt ow cbtidren whom Europe has not yet orowAid 'Wlth laurel. But may not something be eaid of Eiropl? Although it be a country no longer young, is it so hopelessly senile that its approval is worthless? Because wears the child of the morning, with a boundless estate of the future, do we know everything so much mnore fully and wisely that wd justly laugh at an older wisdom? Is it weakness that stirs desire in the heart of the young painter of the prairie to see the miracles of Raphael, of Titian, of Correggio? Is it servility that draws the American sculptor to situdy the marbles of Angelo and Phidias? Is it mis. trust of his own land and its genius that sends the architect to the schools of Paris, the physician to Germany, the artificer to the countries that sent wonders of delicate art to the Philidelphia exhibition? Is it the shallow love of an echo that will not let the scholar rest until he comes face to face with the great masters of human lore, and treads the great libraries, their workshops? Is it slavishness or loyalty of the soul which makes the land of Chaucer and Shakespeare, of Burns and Scott, enchanted ground to the native of a continent which only be cause it is of recent civilization is not yet steeped in the soft air of glorious tradi tion? Would not our melodious monitor agree that it is because other and smaller coun tries are so sincerely devoted to the main tenance of lyric art, so versed in it, so edu cated by taste and long training and experience, that their opinion is the opin ion of knowledge, and therefore that their praise signifies what the verdict of less experience and training does not signify? Would not and should not the word of Linneus command for a botanist a confi dence which the diploma of many an ex cellent American college could not secure? When the audiences that made the fame of Thalberg, of Chopin, of Liszt, of Rubin stein, salute Paderewski, may we not listen with just prepossession? It is a familiar phrase of Cicero, laudari a laund ateo. Approbation from Sir Hubert Stan ley is praise indeed, says our later version. Is the case fully stated when it is said that we applaud because Europe applauds? Is it not rather because we find that En rope justly applauded? Its applause prop. erly bespeaks our attention; but, in fact, our applause does not follow ex officio, like Diggory's laugh the squire's familiar jest; it follows our own perception of desert-a perception undoubtedly and properly quickened and guided by larger experience. -From Editor's Easy Chair, by George William Curtis, in Harper's Magazine for March. The Stockaded Forts in the Fur Country. The stockaded forts were nearly all alike. The stockade was of timber, of about such a height that a man might look over it on tiptoe. It had towers at the corners, and York Fort had a great "lookout" tower within the enclosure. Within the barri cade were the comp any's stores, making al together such a picture as New York pre sented when the Dutch founded it and called it New Amsterdam, except that we had a church and a stadt house in our en closure. The Hudson Bay buildings were sometimes arranged in a hollow square and sometimes in the shape of a letter H, with the factor's house connecting the two other parts of the character. The factor's house was the best dwelling, but there were many smaller ones for the laborers, mechanics, hunters, and other norL-commissioned men. A long, low, whitewashed log house was apt to be the clerks' house, and other large buildings were the stores where merchan dise was kept, the fur houses where the furs, skins and pelts were stored, and the Indian trading house, in which all the bar tering was done. A powder house, ice house, oil house and either a stable or a boat house for canoes completed the post. All the houses had double doors and windows, and wherever the men lived there was a tremendous stove set up to battle with the cold. The abode of jollity was the clerks' house, or bachelors' quarters. Each man had a little bedroom containing his chest, a chair, and a bed, with the walls covered with pic tures cut from illustrated papers or not, according to each man's taste. The big room or hall, where all met in the, long nights and on off days, was as bare as a bald pate so far as its whitewashed or timbered walls went, but the table in the middle was littered with pipes, tobacco, papers, books, and pens and ink, and all around stood (or rested on hooks overhead) guns, foils, and fihirin'g-rods. On Wednesdays and Satur days there was no work in at least one big factory. Breakfast was served at nine o'clock, dinner at one o'clock, and tea at six o'clock. The food varied in different places. All over the prairie and plains great stores of pemmican was kept, and men grew to like it very much, though it was nothing but dried buf falo beef pounded and mixed with melted fat. But where they had pemmican they also enjoyed buffalo hunch in the season, and that was the greatest delicacy, except moose mulile (the nose of the moose), in all the territory. In the woods and lake coun 3 try there were venison and moose as well as bearer-which is very good sating-and I many sorts of birds, but in that region dried Sfish (salmon in the west, and lake trout or whitefish nearer the bay) was the staple. The young follow, hunted and fished and smoked and drank and listened tothesonge of the voyageurs and the yamns of the "breeds" and Indians. For the rest there was plenty of work to do.-From "Talking Musquash," by Julian .alph, in Harper's SMagazine for Marsoh, 'Forged to Get Pension Mokey. W.aKBE.S.euE, Pa., April 17.-Government officials have arrested George Billings, alias Lewis van Houghton, and Enmma Bolton, his sister, for committing forgeries in or der to obtain pursion mronry. They admit seventeen forgeries, amounting to thon sands of dollars. 0 Try a Cup, Free. Call at Ii. M. Parchen's and try a cup of SRex beef tea, free. ([OOD bread makes the hi.umblest meal acceptable, while the most 17 luxlrious table ,i not even tolerable without it. To always in sure such bread 00: n-thibnf but the BRAND OF IHARI) WHEAT PATENT FLOUR Manufactured by the' North Dakota Milling Company at Grand Forks, N. D. See that a flc simile of the above is on each sack. MING'S OPERA HOUSE J. C. REMINGTON, Manager, SSATURDAY, APRIL 23, IENGAEMENT EXTRAOftDINARYI preliminary Jubilee to the Great Columbian MEx poaltlon of 18111. tlrot contlneintal tour ever made by the famous national U. S. MARINE BAND, Of Washington, D. C., "The President's aand," now en tour by pseiole pr nueslon of the president. lthe pride of the navy department. The Greatest Military Band in the World, rHNPTIIIP STOT~AE DlEVuiioian-ln-ChCeA of JIOeH rnlet t OU, B i the navy antd army of the United ntates will posttivuly tir'ct the Fiitt lnstrumontalistet. Every member of the bond will be on the stage. Also at each and every pyr formnance will apt ear the Iwerloes American Prima Donna, MLLE. MARIE DECCA. "Decoa's singlng approaches the marvelous." New lork Iun. lneatlonal Musiocal Event of the Year. The sale of seats will begin Friday Morning, April 22, at Pope O'ConDr's D ru . Manager. MR. D. BLAKELY, Manager, THE GODES. Political, Penal, Civil, Civil Procedure Complete Sets For Sale at This OfeIe. $10 PER SET. 3,000 Quartz Lodes Were located under the United States mining laws in Jefferson county, Montana, in the past two years (370 in January, 18192. If you want to reach the prospectors and miners who discov ered and located these mines, ADVERTISE IN THE AGE, BOULDER, MONTANA. The Leading Paper in the County. If yon want to keep postvd concerning thl mininm interests, subscribe for THlE AGE. Only $2 a year. THIE AGE has the largest ciroulation in the county of any p;per published. Bond for sample copy. RANCHOF 2,00 ACRES Well improved and thoroughly irri gated, on fine range. A GREAT BARGAIN. W. E. Cox, Gold Block. GEO . HIL. WALTER ING. HILL & KINGr Have a fine lot of DRY YELLOW PINE WOOD For eale cheatp in any quantity. Also sawed and slit wood on hand. rders solicited. E. L. Wright agent, room 1 Bail.y Block. Tel ephoneo No. 238. SAPPHIRES FOR SALE AT A BARGAIN. 4.000 -Carats M ana Sapphires--4,000 A rare chance for any person wishing to procure these beautiful gems. On exhibition at the office of D. A. Richardson, Mining Broker, Granite Block. FLATIEAD LAKE. Flathead Transportation and Flathead Navigation Co, The boats are now running, making daily trips from Demers ville to foot of lake and return, connecting with stages at foot of 'lake (except Sundays.) .IEADQUARTERS FOR Montana Sapphires, 0 and Souvenir Spoons. C, B. JACQUEMIN & CO., Jewelers and Silversmiths. -DIAT.LIS tIN Diamonds. Watches, Clocks, Jew elry. and Silverware. Fancy Articles, Umbrellas. Canes, Etc., Etc., PIANOS Of the Best Makes Only. JEWELRY MADE TO ORDER, ENGRAVING, WATCH REPAIRING, GOOD WORK ONLY. E EHAS PROVEN TO BED The Cheapest, Most Durable AND Economical IRRIGATION PUMP In the market. Give it a trial. It is no experiment. All pumps put in under guarantee. THE NEW PULSOMETER Is a double acting pump without any mechanical ap. pliances to absorb power, or get out of order. AU work. tog parts are interchangeable and can be replaced when worn, without skilled labor or mcohine shop. It is automatic in its operation. No machinery or engine required to run it, only a steam pip. from boiler to pump. The pressure of steam forces hoe waler above tihe pump, dce to the peesure in the boiler. The sup. tion is obtained without the expense of steam by means Write for circulars, price lists ota vacuum formed by the condensation of the oteaoq after it has been utilized to elevate the water above th and testimonials to pump. A. M. Holter Hardware Company, Helena, Mont., Dealers in Hardware, Tools, Machlnery, En.ines, Bollers, Pumps sad Mining Supplies. Capital paid in $5,000,000. Assets over $23,000,004 For absolute security and for prompt payment of losses insure with THE GUARDIAN ASSURANCE CO. OF LONDON. L. F. LAGROIX, AGENT, HEM"EN9 a. 1LONT.A.N.B S0 0 0 " 0 6 0 0 S 0 0 __ 0 Wholesale __--=-- and . Retail. Wall Paper. VTe are now prepared to supply dealers with wall paper in any quantity at factory prices with freight added. Samples sent on application. We are also prepared to do paper hanging, fresco painting, wall tinting and interior painting at low prices on short notice. We are prepared to give our patrons correct taste and exact workmanship, O. J. HOLMBES, 26 N. Main Street. Joorm Mouldings=- -W irxdov) Shades.