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HOW TO GET A DIlORCE,
States in Which a Decree Can Be Obtained With Little Trouble. The Varying Terms of Residence Before a Suit Can Be Instituted. Grounds for Divorce Are Defined by the Statutes of the Different States Specimen Complaints. [Written for Tar HELEnan INDOaPErUNT.l INCE IT 1S IM possible in many IýjHO states to procure S WFT 4 divorces except for very grave reasons, it be /comes necessary for those who can no longer live together to seek those states where the least amount of time and the slightest causes will gain the desired de cree. All the states and territories except Geor gia, Louisiana and Delaware specify the necessary length of time during which the plaintiff must have lived in the state in order to be able to bring an action for di vorce. This period varies fromninety days for Dakota to five years for Massachusetts. Time, in these days, often means a great deal of money, and that is why Dakota di vorces occupy so much attention at pres ent, and it is solely for this reason that she has the advantage ever a number of other states and territories. A six months' residence will entitle the plaintiff to sue for a divorce in Arizona, Idaho, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and Wyoming. A large number of states fix the term at one year. The best of these are Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Oregon. Rhode Island, Washington and Wisconsin. Many of these states make the threat that the de eree shall be invalid if the plaintiff removes there simply for the purpose of getting a divorce, but the state pays no further at tention to him after the decree unless there is a vituperative defendant to follow him up. Even then it is difficult to get positive proof that he or she went to a certain state for the sole purpose of obtaining a divorce, since there are so many causes constantly coming up which lead to a change of mind. The successful plaintiff may move back be cause he could not dispose ,of his eastern business as he fancied, or the enterprise for which he left his native state may have failed to materialize, or parents may be sick and send for him to return. A fertile mind might be impelled to come baok for a myriad of excellent reasons. When the plaintiff has selected the local ity which suits him best. he must not for get to take with him sufficient proof of his allegations to entitle him to a divorce un der the laws of that particular state. This evidence may consist of his own sworn statements, together with the depositions of some other witnesses, if they cannot at tend the trial in person. In Dakota the following reasons are deemed sufficient ground for divorce: Mar tail infidelity-which will secure absolate divorce in every state and territory except South Carolina, where divorce is not al lowed for any reason-excessive cruelty, willful desertion and neglect for one year, and I abitual intemperance. This is certainly a pretty good bill of fare to choose from, and a person has no busi ness to want a divorce unless some one of these causes can be shown. If the plaintiff starts for Dakota in the spring or early summer, a ninety days' residence will not prove unpleasant. In the autumn and winter six months elsewhere may offer more attractions. The glorious climate of California is excellent alike for the body and for divorce. Abso SI AS HE TELLS IT. lute separation is granted there for one year's willful desertion, neglect, and for habitual intemperance. Extreme cruelty is also a cause, but the others are easier to prove. The courts of Arizona grant a divorce for six months' intentional abandonment, for cruel treatment, babitual intemperance and negleet on the part of the husband to pro vide the necessaries of life for his wife. In Idaho a plaintiff may secure a divorce for extreme cruelty, desertion, negluct and Intemperance continuing for one year. In Nebraska the sufficient causes for judi cial separation are desertion for two years, habitual drunkenness, extreme cruelty and failure to provide for wife. Nevada severe the marriaae tie for one year's desertion, for gross drunkenneses, if contracted since marriage, for extreme cruelty, and for a year's noeglect on the part of the husband to provide for his wife. New Mexico dissolves thie marital part nerehip for cruel treatment, abandonment, habitual drunkenness and husband's failure to urovide. The courts of Texas give a divorce for such ill-treatment as renders married life unbearable, and for three years' desertion. The laws of Wyoming declare a sever ance of the conjugal relation for one years' willful desertion, for extreme crnelty, hab itual drunkenness, husband's neglect to provide for one year, and for any tre :t ment by the one whichl renders the life of the other intolerable. The above mentioned states and terri tories exhaust the list of those allowing a plaintiff to commence noaction after nasi months' residence, Of course, when plain tiff remove to a distant state they always want an absolute divorce, not a limited one, which is a separation from bed and board only. It is well to note that Arizona. Cali fornia. Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and Wyoming never grant a limited divorce. After their decree, the parties may marry a new love. Among the states requiring one vear's residence on the part of the plaintiff there may be mentioned as the best Wasbinhton, Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Illinois, Kan p Missouri, Wiscqin and Rhode Is O these, Washingto0 may be regarded as the banner state for the sensible view her courtstake of divorce. ufollcient calae are cruel treatment, personal iniquities, habitual drunkenness, refusal to provide, one year's abandonment, and any other canse peeming sufficilent to the court, and when the court is satisfied that the parties can no longer live together. Of course, where the judge is given so much latituae, it would be well to ascertain his peculiarit ties before bringing suit, to ind out whether he has been accustomed to grant diorces for slight causes. Some judges are always dead set against divorce, while others favor them. Colorado and Montana both grant divorces for one year's drunkenness or de sertion and extreme cruelty. The causes in Oregon are cruel and inhuman treat muent, personal indignities rendering life a burden, and gross drunkenness contracted since marriage. In Illinois it is necessary for the plaintiff to show the existence of extreme and repeated cruelty, two years' deseetion, or habitual drunkenness for a like period of time. The laws of Kansas give a divorce for habitual drunkenness, ono year's abandonment, extreme cruelty, fraud in the marriage contract and gross neglect of duty. Missouri will grant sep trations fer indignities rendering the lifeof the other intolerable and for a year's deser lion or dunkeuness. Wisconsin has excel lent laws, for they dissolve the bonds of matrimony not only for a year's desertion ar drunkenness and cruel and.iinhuman treatment, but also when the husband and wife have lived apart voluntarily for the pace of five years. The statutes of Rhode Island call for five years' desertion, unless he court decides that a shorter time will enswer. Habitual drunkenness, extreme ruelty and refusal to p:ovide will also nnul the marriage contract in her courts. The government has recently made out osme statistics which show that Connecti iout has about eleven marriages to one di rorce; Massachusetts, thirty; Ohio, twenty; Ihode Island, eleven. Vermont, sixteen; oew Hampshire, ten; Maryland. sixty-two; Kanras, seventeen; Wisconsin, twenty-one. It was impossible so compute the ratio for he banner divorce states, owing to the fact hat the record of marriages was imper leat. It is instructive to compare these figures with those of various kingdoms in the old world. Belgium averages 183 marriages to Cne divorce; France, from 138 marriages to 1(; England, 718. In some years Catholic Ireland averages over 20.000 marriages to )ne divorce. Berlin, in 1885, had nineteen marriages to one divorce; while Stockholm ASB BE TELLS IT. or the same year had thirty-four to one. n 1885 there were 470 marriages in Russia o one divorce; in Switzerland, 22; in Bel !ium, 138; in Prussia, 59. Italy grants her vedded sufferers no absolute divorce. The greatest individuality and desire for reedom in the United States, as well as the lct that she has no state religion forbid ling absolute separation, would lead one to expect more divorces. Besides, women are acre more independent and able to make heir way in the world. From the government "Report on Mar 'iage and Divorce" the following cases are aken verbatim. They are given to show hose who are fearful of being unable to Obtain a divorce that there is hope for hem. The original numbering is pro -erved: "Cruelty, or extreme cruelty, or eruel and nhuman treatment, when alleged, afford a side field for jadisial discretion. In the our ase of this investigation some of the acts which have been offered as substantiat ng these causes have been furnished the lelprtment by its agents. The following ire a few of the instances under these euses where a divorce has been granted to he wife. "(7) Defendant does not speak to plain, iff for months at a time, thereby making ife a burden. "(13) Defendant got drunk day after the narriage, causing this plaintiff to conceive Sviolent disgust for him. Divo:rce pro reedings began on day after marriage. "(19) Plaintiff says that when she was ick in bed the defendant, for the sole pur ose of harassing her, said he meant to sol ride, and did then and there drink a bottle ef paregoric, which said action of defend nt sorely grieved plaintiff in body and nind. "(23) When defendant suffers financial oass he lays it to plaintiff, and censures her n bitter terms. He treats her as a child, lanimin, the right to do so because of his sge and sex. "(27) Plaintiff says she is subject to sick aeadaches that grows worse when she mells tobacco, Defendant urea tobacco nd thus aggravates her heandaches. "(31) P'laintiff savra immediately after marriage defendant began importuning htrer o dead him her property, which said im :ortunity caused plaintiff mental anguish. "(141) Defendant threatened to knock plaintiff 'cold as a wedge,' whereupon he id clutch her by the throat and pound her head against the wall. "(38) Drfenrdant quotes verse from New 'estament about wives obeying their hues bands. He has even threatened to mash plaintiff and drew back his hand to do it. In the decree granting the divorce appears the following: "I find that whon plaintiff was sick and unable to work defendant told her the Lord commanded her to work; that he was also in the habit of frequently qnot ins Soriptural passages in order to show her she was to be obedient to her husband." "(4!)) Defenuant cut off my bangs by force. "(iS) Defendant was cruel in this: lHe caused a letter to be written, saying he was dead. Plaintiff ordered a mourning garb, and grieved a long time, but at last learned the ltter was a fraud, and that defendant waa not dead, "(G1) W~ile defendant was confined to his bed by lameness, he throw cups and eeaucers at plaintiff and threatenel to run his cratchl down hler thront." "Tire followin inratanue." rays the above re:oort, "shown the Interpeetation of courts as to erueltr where this has been rilegoed by the hrusband as coming from the wife." in these cases thie husband secured his divorce: "(8) Defendant violently upbraild.d plaitiff and said to him: 'xua asr or man at all,' thus causing him mental uffering and anguish. "(5) Rusband says: "My wife retaoed to keep my clottlug in repair; she refused to cook, and never sewed on rmy bUttonl.' A witness testified that he had seen flaintiff with only one button on his vast. Plaintiff further alleged that his wife would not let him go to see fires at night; that if he went, she would keep him awake until three o'clock quarreling. S"(6) Defendtnt pulled plalptiff out of bed by his Whiskrs. er h"(12) Defeidant took all the covering off the bed, leaving the plaintiff to shiver until morning. On one occasion she jumped on him with her knees and ran a knitting needle four inches in his arm. "(14) Defendant struck plaintiff a violent blow with her boustle. "(21) Husband says: 'My wife would not walk with me on iundays. Onch In a tantrum she heaved a teapot at me, ihe hit me on the side of the jaw because I re fused to be worked into a passion; once she pulled out quite a qantity of my hair.' Among the papers waseatuftof hair marked 'Exhibit A.' "(30) Daring the last year the defendant has siruok plaintiff with 'okers, flatirons and other hard substances.' Lest those in search of a divorce may be misled by the above cases into thinking it as easy as marriage, it is as well to remind them that judges insist that proof of the allegations must be forthcoming. It will not do to allege sufficient cruelty to eall for a divorce unless there is proof. In summonng up the divorce statistics for all the states the report says: "Our eonurtes, instead of being careless in the mat ter of granting decrees, weigh well the cases alleged, and do not grant decrees un less the allegations of the libellants are fairly sustained. In about 30 per eent of the cases of petition a decree has been denied." The judges are, however, compelled to render their decisions in accordance with law where the statutes lay down a slight cause as sufficient. Whenever that is proved to exist, the judges may grant the divorce. D. E. Vonae. Copyright. Bucklen's Arnica Salve. 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Paul railway. This is the advise of Gae. H. Huaneo.a General Passenger Agent, Chicago. Ill. DELINQUENT TAX LIST. HELENA, Mont., May 1. 1892. Notice is hereby given that the following persons and property are delinquent for special taxes for the opening of Lawrence street, provided for by ordinance No. 123. approved March 2. 1892. Unless said taxes are paid before Monday, May 16, 1892, such property will be sold at publie auction on that day between the hours of 10 o'clock a. ic. and four o'oloek p. m. at the city treas urer's office in the city of Helena, in ac cordance with the provisions of the city ordniances. Rodda estate, two-thirds lot 24, blk. 37, H. T.-$61.01. Rodda estate, lot 26, blk. 37, H. T. p102.54. Hoback R., and Cannon C. W., lot 1, blk. 116. H. T., $35,5.94. Cannon C. W., lot 8, blk. 417. H. T., ,266.95. Lockey R., lot 1, blk. 424, H. T.. $244.92. Lockey R., lot 2, blk. 424, H. '., $223.73. Lackey R., lot 3, blk, 424, H. T., $223.73. Edwards D. I., lot 7, blk. 425, Allen, $105.93. Edwards D. R., lot 8, blk. 425, Allen. 1105.93. Edwards D. R., lot 9, blk. 425, Allen, x105.93. Laughlin T. J., let 10, blk. 425, Allen, 1105.93. Carter Louisa, lot 11, blk. 425. Allen, ,105.93. Carter Louisa, lot 12, blk. 425, Allen, $105.93. JAMEs B. WALKER, Treasurer of the City of Helenn. S500 Reward! We will pry the above reward for any case of Liver Complaint, IDypepsia. Sick headache, In diaestion, Constipatitn or Costiveness we ran aot core witih West's VeetabSle Live- Pills, when the directions are strictly complie'l with. They are purely vegetable, aun never ail to 5ive ratis faction, Sugar C(ated. Largo boxes, 25 cents Beware of counterfeits anl imitations. The genuine sold by II. M. Parchen & Co.. ltelona. JAPANESE A new and Cemplete Treatment, eonsisting of ouppositorie,, ianttment in (apsrries, also in Box and Pila Positive Cure for EIterral, In ternal. Blind r Bleending, itching. C1hronic, Re cent or meredilary Pileh. and mnro other die eases and fomale weaknessese it is always a great benefit to tia general health. T'he first discovery of a medical core rendering an operation with the kire unrr©eseary irerefter. 'I hi.e lemrdy tao never been known to fail. 51 ter bra, 8 for I: senct by mail. Wnhy saier from thi d terrible diseslo wien a written snarant is roLi'ively gieyn with t boxer, to refurd the money it not ovrsrl. end tamo for free sampleo. (.taranttr isued byl i. oerehesn & Ce., drelggists, see agenta Helena, Mont. FRE5O Public Buildings, Churches and Dwellings decorated in the Latest Style. Tinting, Kalsomining, etc. J0. 0. BoX 785, IIElEls NA. W E. L L S BLANK BOOK MAFACTURERS; - AND ,, G0. General Book Binders, OFFICE STATIONERY, nLh LL PTh PERS No. 13 North Main Street No. 11 Jackson Street. PRINTING DEPARTMENT. 'he Most Fully Equipped in the Northwest Comprising every modern facility for the expeditious handling of work and its execution n the highest style of the art. All kinds of BOOK AND JOB PRINTING, Artistic and Commercial Work. - TRY US. ----- Binding and Blank Book Dept. This branch of our business is replete with he finest stock and best and latest machinery hat could be obtained for its purposes. It com arises the LARGEST AND MOST COM PLETE PLANT between St. Paul and Port and, and is capable of meeting aH demands nade upon its resources. Blank books of every lescription, portfolio, magazine, pamphlet work, etc. TIME TABLE TO CHICAGO. C., ST. P., M. & 0. R. R. 'The Noth-Western Line." This is the only line making connection with he GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY at St. Paul ,very day in the year for Chicago and the East. VIA GREAT NORTEERN. Leavoe Butte............... ..... 7:33 a m Leave Helena....................... a1:10 am Leave Great halls ............... 2:15 pm trrive Minot ... .... ... 10:50 am Arrive brand Forks .................... 6:20 p m Arrive St. Paul...................... 6:55 am VIA NORTHERN PACIFIo. Leave Batte.. ........... 12:25 pm 9:25 p m Leave Helena ..... ....... 1:10 pm 10:35 p m Leave Bozeman ........... 5:10 p m 2:25 p m Arrive St. jaul.............. 12:15 p m 6:20 p m VIA NORTHWESTERN LINE. Leave St. Paul..... 7:55 am 5:15 pm 8:05 pm Arrive lMilwaukee.. 7:35 p m 7:25 a m 7:25 a m Arrive Chicago..... 9:35 pm 8:00 a m 9:30 a m ''The North-Western Line" in the shortest line in both distance and time to Chicago. hor map folder of line address T. W. TEASDALU, General Passenger Agent, St. Paul. C. B, LEBKICHER, Seconl Floor, Herali Blilling. BLANK To 00KS Order 8OOKS NEATLY RULED AND PRINTED. NOTICE OF STOCIHOLDERS' MEETING P'otice is hereby given that a joeeting of the stockholders of the ,tan 4Mining & Milling company will he he.d at. the office of tho com pany, at 517 Knight street, in the city of Helena state of Montana. on Friday the 10th day o, trne, 1812, for the purpose of submitting to such stockholders a proposition to inclease the capi tal atook of the Mao Mining A Milliog compaay to the amoent of tour hundred thousand (100. 8)0) shares of the par value of live dollar (95) per share: the prevent capital stock of said com pany being throe bhndred thousand (100.000) shares of the par value of five dollars ($5). By order of the board of Irustees. A. MoLEAN, President. H. A. McLEAN. Secretary. J. C. McrANN. THOS. JENKIN, A. McLEAN. Majority of Treatees. QUMMONS--IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF the Fir udiadicia trict of the state of Mon tana, in ad or the oonon of Lewis end Clarke. Data Bron, plainiff, vs. Louis Brown, de fe gat. Te state of Montana sends greeting to the above-named defepdant: Yoare horet* required to appear in an action brought agdinstyon by the above-named plain tiffin t datr ict court of the First judioal district c the late of Montana, Ia and for the county of ~ewis and Clarke, and to answer the compi it filed therein, within ton days (exclu. slie of ie day of service) after the service on you of thisemmon, if served within this county; or. if served out of this county, but within this district, within twenty days; otherwise within forty days, or judgment by default will be tlake atainety ou according to the prayer of said cont The said sotion is brought to obtain a jndg ment and deoree of said court dissolving the bands or mat:imoy heretofore and now exiit ing between plaintiff and yourself, upon the ground t' at you did, on May 24, 1810, wilfully and without cause and without the plainmtilf's consent. desert and ahandon the said plaintiff and live searate and apart from her, and that you have continued so to do-without cause or rea son and against plaintif's will and without her con-ent, and for general relief, all as more ull r ap peers from the complaint on its herein to which reference is hereby had., And you ace hereby notifto I t'at if you fail to appear and answer the slid con.plaint, as above re"cired, the said plaintiff will epply to thecoort for the relief demanded in the complaitt. Given under my hand and the seal of thedistrict court of the First nudic;al district of the state cf Montana. in and for the county of e .wl and (Cart.e, this 2d clay of ray, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety two. t soAL.J JOHP BEAN, Clerk. Fy H. R. ToxMPRON, Deputy (:lc.ck. F. N. & S. H. ltCINTIRat, Plaintil's Attorneys SnERIFF'8 SALE-BY VIRTUE OF AN EXF cution in my hands, iesued out of the dis trict court of the first Judicial district of the state of Montana. in and for the county of Lewis and Clarke. in thesuit of Brace Wilson against David Kirby. duly attested the l21st day of April. A. D.. 18, I have levied upon all the right title and interest of the said i;avii Kirhr in and to the following described property, situated in Lewis and Clarke county, Montana. viz.: An undirided halt (hi) interest in tee Monte Christo mining claim, located in Ten Mile, nu organize . mining district, Lewis and Clarke county, dontana, about one-half mile south of the -- of Clarkson and west from Ruby creek. This location is 1,500 feet long by 600 feet wide. and its boundaries are distinctly marked upon the ground by stakes or poets as follows: Eegin ning at discovery and running 1,100 feet eate:ly to a poet markted "1 asat-bnd canter:" thence 30O feet south to a post marked "2 southeast cor ner;" thence 1,500 feet westerly to anpost marked 3 aout lchwest corner;" thence 801 feet north to a Itost Lar.kod "'t northwest eorur:;" tlhience 1.00 feet east to a post marked "5 northeast corner;" thence 300 feet south to a poet as arked "1 east end. center." A notice of location of said claim is recorded in book 2 of lodes, page 162, of the records of Lewis and Clarke county. Mon tana. Notice is hereby given thaton Tuesday, the 24th day cf ti ay, A. D. 1091. at the Ihour of 12 o'clock m. of said day, at the front door of the court hoouse, in the city of Helena coty andel state aforesaid. I wil sell al the right, title and interest of ItI said'flavid Kirby in and to tno enid anovo described prop. erty, to the highest bidder for rash In hand. Given under my hand this,. the .d day of Maiy, A. D. 18a. CHARIES M. JEFFlltS., Sheriff. Our Stationery Department. Is always complete. Fine Writing Papers and Envelopes, Office Stationery, Typewriter Supplies, etc. Wall Paper Department. We have just received a carload of all the latest styles and designs in Wall Paper and Room Mouldings. Art Department. If you want a Fine Etching, Engraving, Water Color or Pastel, or a picture frame, call on us. The largest stock of picture mouldings in the city. Frames made to order. Book Department. Books in fine bindings in sets. All the latest and popular novels received daily. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. [RUTCHER & GARLAND. (T. E. Cratcher, R. C. Garland) Attorneys at Law. Reem 7 and 8, Bailey Blook. Mlining, corporation and real estate law epeealI lee. Will practice in all the state coourte, in the United State. supreme court and before .all the iepartena in Washington city, in connection rith Hon. A.L i. Garland. late attorney general. ASHBURN K. BARBOUR, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Masonic Temple, Helena, Mont. NIASSENA BULLARD. Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Will practice in all courts of record in the state Office in Gould Block, Helena, Mont. SIZER & KEERL, Civil and Mining Engineers. U. S. Deputy Mineral Sorveiors. Mineral pat. ents secured. Rooms 12-18, Atlas Building, Helena, Montana. 1-. U. ROCKMAN. Physician. Surgeon, Acconuher, Oculist, Aurist Member of Ban Francisco Medical Society, also Nevada Stato M dical Sooiety. Office on Main s rout, over titeinmetz Jewelry Store. DB. D. I. CARMICHAEL Diersees of Women and Children peclal Attention. Helena, Montana. R. W. W. BULLAHD. Office: First National Bank Building. Telephone No. 1M. _DR. C. K. COLU. Offce: First National Bank Building. Telephone No. 168 "Henry's Specifics" THE RENOWNED ENGLISH REMEDY INFALLIBLE CURE FOB NERVOUS DEBILITY, PREMATURE DECLINE, BRAIN TROUBLE AND ORGANIC WEAKNESS No matter from what cease. Contains an mis erals. Price $1, Wholesale and retail druggistl supply the demand. Depoeitoy fno: the United States and Caned. 13 last 'lThitieth street. New York. The Specdfil can he sent by mail mOaled on M seipt of moaer. OPPENHEIMER & ASCH, IMVPORTED A.NTD DOMESTIC S.'WINeS, LIQUORS ThND CIG RS+ AlAM1LY T].ADE SOLICITED. No. 101 South Main Street. Corner of Wood Street.